Contents 1 Standardization 2 Implementations 3 Use 4 Code points 4.1 Dedicated OCR-A characters 4.2 Space, digits, and unaccented letters 4.3 Regular characters 4.4 Remaining characters 4.5 Additional characters 4.6 Exceptions 4.6.1 PrecisionID 4.6.2 Barcodesoft 4.6.3 Morovia 4.6.4 IDAutomation 5 Applications 6 Sellers of font standards 7 See also 8 Notes 9 External links


Standardization[edit] The OCR-A font was standardized by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as ANSI X3.17-1981. X3.4 has since become the INCITS and the OCR-A standard is now called ISO 1073-1:1976. There is also a German standard for OCR-A called DIN 66008.[4]


Implementations[edit] In 1968, American Type Founders produced OCR-A, one of the first optical character recognition typefaces to meet the criteria set by the U.S. Bureau of Standards. The design is simple so that it can be easily read by a machine, but it is more difficult for the human eye to read.[5] As metal type gave way to computer-based typesetting, Tor Lillqvist used MetaFont to describe the OCR-A font.[when?] That definition was subsequently improved by Richard B. Wales. Their work is available from CTAN.[6] To make the free version of the font more accessible to users of Microsoft Windows, John Sauter converted the MetaFont definitions to TrueType using potrace and FontForge in 2004.[7] In 2007, Gürkan Sengün created a Debian package from this implementation.[8] In 2008. Luc Devroye corrected the vertical positioning in John Sauter's implementation, and fixed the name of lower case z.[9] Independently, Matthew Skala[10] used mftrace[11] to convert the Metafont definitions to TrueType format in 2006. In 2011 he released a new version created by rewriting the Metafont definitions to work with METATYPE1, generating outlines directly without an intermediate tracing step. On September 27, 2012, he updated his implementation to version 0.2.[12] In addition to these free implementations of OCR-A, there are also implementations sold by several vendors.


Use[edit] Although optical character recognition technology has advanced to the point where such simple fonts are no longer necessary, the OCR-A font has remained in use. Its usage remains widespread in the encoding of cheques around the world. Some lockbox companies still insist that the account number and amount owed on a bill return form be printed in OCR-A.[13] Also, because of its unusual look, it is sometimes used in advertising and display graphics. Notably, it is used for the subtitles in the show Blacklist.


Code points[edit] A font is a set of character shapes, or glyphs. For a computer to use a font, each glyph must be assigned a code point in a character set. When OCR-A was being standardized the usual character coding was the American Standard Code for Information Interchange or ASCII. Not all of the glyphs of OCR-A fit into ASCII, and for five of the characters there were alternate glyphs, which might have suggested the need for a second font. However, for convenience and efficiency all of the glyphs were expected to be accessible in a single font using ASCII coding, with the additional characters placed at coding points that would otherwise have been unused. The modern descendant of ASCII is Unicode, also known as ISO 10646. Unicode contains ASCII and has special provisions for OCR characters, so some implementations of OCR-A have looked to Unicode for guidance on character code assignments. Dedicated OCR-A characters[edit] Main article: Optical Character Recognition (Unicode block) The following characters have been defined for control purposes and are now in the "Optical Character Recognition" Unicode range 2440–245F: [14] Dedicated OCR-A code points based on ASCII and Unicode Name Glyph Unicode OCR Hook U+2440 OCR Chair U+2441 OCR Fork U+2442 OCR Inverted fork ⑃ U+2443 OCR Belt buckle ⑄ U+2444 OCR Bow tie ⑅ U+2445 Space, digits, and unaccented letters[edit] OCR-A digits OCR-A unaccented capital letters OCR-A unaccented small letters All implementations of OCR-A use U+0020 for space, U+0030 through U+0039 for the decimal digits, U+0041 through U+005A for the unaccented upper case letters, and U+0061 through U+007A for the unaccented lower case letters. Regular characters[edit] In addition to the digits and unaccented letters, many of the characters of OCR-A have obvious code points in ASCII. Of those that do not, most, including all of OCR-A's accented letters, have obvious code points in Unicode. Additional OCR-A code points based on ASCII and Unicode Name Glyph Unicode Exclamation Mark U+0021 Quotation Mark U+0022 Number Sign U+0023 Dollar Sign U+0024 Percent Sign U+0025 Ampersand U+0026 Apostrophe U+0027 Left Parenthesis U+0028 Right Parenthesis U+0029 Asterisk U+002A Plus Sign U+002B Comma U+002C Hyphen-Minus U+002D Full Stop (Period) U+002E Solidus (Slash) U+002F Colon U+003A Semicolon U+003B Less-Than Sign U+003C Equals Sign U+003D Greater-Than Sign U+003E Question Mark U+003F Commercial At U+0040 Left Square Bracket U+005B Reverse Solidus (Backslash) U+005C Right Square Bracket U+005D Circumflex Accent U+005E Left Curly Bracket U+007B Right Curly Bracket U+007D Pound Sign (Sterling) U+00A3 Yen Sign U+00A5 Latin Capital Letter A with Dieresis U+00C4 Latin Capital Letter A with Ring Above U+00C5 Latin Capital Letter AE U+00C6 Latin Capital Letter N with Tilde U+00D1 Latin Capital Letter O with Dieresis U+00D6 Latin Capital Letter O with Stroke U+00D8 Latin Capital Letter U with Dieresis U+00DC Remaining characters[edit] Linotype[15] coded the remaining characters of OCR-A as follows: Additional OCR-A Characters Name Glyph Unicode Unicode Name Long Vertical Mark U+007C Vertical Line Alternate Comma U+E000 private use 0 Character Erase U+E001 private use 1 Alternate Hyphen U+E003 private use 3 Alternate Period U+E004 private use 4 Alternate Question Mark U+E005 private use 5 Alternate Apostrophe U+E006 private use 6 Additional characters[edit] The fonts that descend from the work of Tor Lillqvist and Richard B. Wales define four characters not in OCR-A to fill out the ASCII character set. These shapes use the same style as the OCR-A character shapes. They are: Additional ASCII Characters Name Glyph Unicode Low Line U+005F Grave Accent U+0060 Vertical Line U+007C Tilde U+007E Linotype also defines additional characters.[16] Exceptions[edit] Some implementations do not use the above code point assignments for some characters. PrecisionID[edit] The PrecisionID implementation of OCR-A has the following non-standard code points:[17] OCR Hook at U+007E OCR Chair at U+00C1 OCR Fork at U+00C2 Euro Sign at U+0080 Barcodesoft[edit] The Barcodesoft implementation of OCR-A has the following non-standard code points:[18][19] OCR Hook at U+0060 OCR Chair at U+007E OCR Fork at U+005F Long Vertical Mark at U+007C (agrees with Linotype) Character Erase at U+0008 Morovia[edit] The Morovia implementation of OCR-A has the following non-standard code points:[20] OCR Hook at U+007E (agrees with PrecisionID) OCR Chair at U+00F0 OCR Fork at U+005F (agrees with Barcodesoft) Long Vertical Mark at U+007C (agrees with Linotype) IDAutomation[edit] The IDAutomation implementation of OCR-A has the following non-standard code points:[21] OCR Hook at U+007E (agrees with PrecisionID) OCR Chair at U+00C1 (agrees with PrecisionID) OCR Fork at U+00C2 (agrees with PrecisionID) OCR Belt Buckle at U+00C3


Applications[edit] This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2017)


Sellers of font standards[edit] Hardcopy of ISO 1073-1:1976, distributed through ANSI, from Amazon.com ISO 1073-1 is also available from Techstreet, who distributes standards for ANSI and ISO


See also[edit] Magnetic ink character recognition Optical character recognition Westminster (typeface), a typeface designed to resemble the visual appearance of MICR. OCR-B


Notes[edit] ^ Background on the OCR-A font from Adobe ^ Motivation for OCR-A from Microscan ^ Background on OCR from Embedded Software Engineering ^ DIN 66008-1 Font A For Optical Character Recognition; Characters And Nominal Dimensions ^ Background on OCR-A from Adobe ^ The MetaFont sources for OCR-A from CTAN ^ John Sauter's 2004 OCR-A font from those MetaFont sources ^ The fonts-ocr-a Debian package, based on John Sauter's SourceForge project ^ Luc Devroye's account of his changes to John Sauter's implementation of OCR-A ^ Matthew Skala's home page ^ The mftrace Debian package ^ Matthew Skala's 2012 OCR-A font from the MetaFont sources ^ Description of a lockbox service, note “The bill contains an invoice and a statement with patient information contained in a scannable Optical Character Recognition (OCR) line. The OCR line is similar in appearance to that found on a credit card statement or telephone bill.” ^ http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U2440.pdf ^ Linotype's OCR-A font: choose Character Map then Private Use Area ^ Linotype's OCR-A font: choose Character Map then Show all ^ PrecisionID User Guide for the PrecisionID implementation of the OCR-A font ^ Information page for the Barcode implementation of the OCR-A font ^ Another source of information about the Barcode fonts ^ Information page for the Morovia implementation of the OCR-A font ^ Information page for the IDAutomation implementation of the OCR-A and OCR-B fonts


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to OCR-A. Introductory article about OCR fonts Link standard ANSI INCITS 17-1981 (R2002) Background on ISO work involving OCR-A Unicode code charts IBM GCGID mapping v t e Monospaced Programming and Typewriter Fonts Sans serif Outline Default zero regular Droid Sans Mono Everson Mono Letter Gothic Liberation Mono Lucida Console Noto Sans Mono OCR-A OCR-B Default zero dotted Andalé Mono Cousine DejaVu Sans Mono Fira Mono Hack Input monofur PragmataPro Source Code Pro Ubuntu Mono Default zero slashed Consolas Envy Code R Fantasque Sans Mono HyperFont Inconsolata Luculent M+ FONTS Menlo Monaco ProFont PT Mono Pixel(ized) 3x3 Fixed Fixedsys Fixedsys Excelsior GNU Unifont Terminal Serif IBM Courier FreeMono Monospace Nimbus Mono L Prestige Elite Tex Gyre Cursor UM Typewriter Samples of monospaced typefaces v t e Microsoft Windows typefaces Latin, Greek, Cyrillic Arial, Arial Rounded Arial Unicode MS Bahnschrift Bauhaus 93 Broadway Book Antiqua Calibri Calisto MT Cambria Candara Century Gothic Comic Sans MS Consolas Constantia Cooper Black Copperplate Gothic Corbel Courier New Franklin Gothic Medium Gabriola Georgia Goudy Stout Harlow Solid Italic Impact Lucida Lucida Sans Unicode Microsoft Sans Serif News Gothic MT OCR A Extended Palatino Linotype Segoe Tahoma Times New Roman Trebuchet MS Verdana Westminster Wide Latin Hebrew Aharoni Arial Courier New Lucida Sans Unicode Microsoft Sans Serif Segoe UI Mono Tahoma Times New Roman Arabic Arial Courier New Microsoft Sans Serif Segoe UI Tahoma Times New Roman Thai Microsoft Sans Serif Segoe UI Mono Tahoma Chinese Simplified Microsoft YaHei SimHei SimSun Traditional Microsoft JhengHei MingLiU Korean Batang Dotum Gulim Malgun Gothic Japanese Meiryo MS Gothic MS Mincho Indic scripts Gautami Kartika Nirmala UI Vrinda Other Cambria Math Ebrima Euphemia Gadugi Marlett Nyala Sylfaen Symbol Webdings Wingdings List of typefaces included with Microsoft Windows v t e Free and open-source typography Software and libraries FontForge Fontmatrix FreeType Ghostscript HarfBuzz Metafont MetaPost METATYPE1 Pango TeX Licenses Apache License BSD licenses Creative Commons licenses GNU General Public License + GPL font exception GNU Lesser General Public License LaTeX Project Public License MIT License SIL Open Font License Ubuntu Font Licence Operating system, corporate and professional Bitstream Charter Bitstream Vera, DejaVu Cantarell Charis SIL Computer Modern, Concrete Roman Courier Prime Doulos SIL Droid, Noto, Open Sans Fira Sans Ghostscript fonts GNU FreeFont, GNU Unifont Hershey fonts IBM Plex Liberation, Croscore Lohit Nimbus Mono, Sans, Roman OCR-A, OCR-B Overpass PT Fonts Roboto Source Code, Source Han Sans, Source Han Serif, Source Sans, Source Serif STIX fonts Tiresias Ubuntu, Ubuntu Titling Utopia WenQuanYi Other typefaces Allerta Asana-Math Cardo Chandas Comic Neue Cormorant EB Garamond Gentium Inconsolata IM Fell Jomolhari Junicode Kochi Linux Libertine M+ News Cycle Open Baskerville OpenDyslexic Railway Sans Squarish Sans CT Theano Didot XITS Groups and people Donald Knuth Font Awesome Greek Font Society Open Font Library Google Fonts SIL International Open-source Unicode typefaces List of open source typefaces List of free software Unicode typefaces v t e Typography terminology Page Canons of page construction Column Even working Margin Page numbering Pagination Pull quote Recto and verso Paragraph Alignment Justification Leading River Sentence spacing Widows and orphans Character Typeface anatomy Counter Diacritics Dingbat Glyph Initial Kerning Letter-spacing Ligature Subscript and superscript Swash Text figures Tittle Capitalization ALL CAPS Camel case Letter case Petite caps Small caps Visual distinction Italics Oblique Bold Color Underline 𝔹𝕝𝕒𝕔𝕜𝕓𝕠𝕒𝕣𝕕 𝕓𝕠𝕝𝕕 𝕭𝖑𝖆𝖈𝖐𝖑𝖊𝖙𝖙𝖊𝖗 Infɑnt Vertical aspects Ascender Baseline Cap height Descender Median Overshoot x-height Classifications Roman type Antiqua (old style) Didone (modern) Sans-serif Script Serif Slab serif Transitional Reverse-contrast Blackletter type Fraktur Rotunda Schwabacher Textualis Gaelic type Insular Uncial Specialist Record type Punctuation Dashes Hanging punctuation Hyphen-minus Hyphenation Prime mark Quotation mark Typesetting Calligraphy etaoin shrdlu Font computer monospaced Font catalog Letterpress Lorem ipsum Microtypography Movable type Pangram Phototypesetting Punchcutting Type color Type design Typeface Microprint list Typographic units Agate Cicero Em En Figure space Measure Paren space Pica Point traditional point-size names Thin space Digital typography Character encoding Font formats Hinting Rasterization Typesetting software Typographic features Web typography Related Intentionally blank page Style guide Type foundry Category Commons Portal v t e ISO standards by standard number List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards 1–9999 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31 -0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639 -1 -2 -3 -5 -6 646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166 -1 -2 -3 3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995 10000–19999 10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303 -11 -21 -22 -28 -238 10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211 -1 -2 13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496 -2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20 14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444 -3 15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706 -2 15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600:2014 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831 20000+ 20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000 -1 -2 -3 Category Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=OCR-A&oldid=812175406" Categories: Monospaced typefacesSans-serif typefacesMicrosoft typefacesISO standardsOpen-source typefacesOptical character recognitionAmerican Type Founders 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TypefaceSans-serifList Of Type DesignersAmerican Type FoundersAmerican National Standards InstituteFontOptical Character RecognitionMonospaced FontAmerican National Standards InstituteInternational Committee For Information Technology StandardsAmerican Type FoundersMetaFontWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Dates And NumbersCTANMetaFontTrueTypePotraceFontForgeDebianMetafontMETATYPE1ChequeLockboxGlyphsCode PointCharacter SetAmerican Standard Code For Information InterchangeUnicodeISO 10646Optical Character Recognition (Unicode Block)Optical Character Recognition (Unicode Block)OCR HookOCR ChairOCR ForkEnlargeEnlargeEnlargeExclamation MarkQuotation MarkNumber SignDollar SignPercent SignAmpersandApostropheLeft ParenthesisRight ParenthesisAsteriskPlus SignCommaHyphen-MinusFull Stop (Period)Solidus (Slash)ColonSemicolonLess-Than SignEquals SignGreater-Than SignQuestion MarkCommercial AtLeft Square BracketReverse SolidusRight Square BracketCircumflex AccentLeft Curly BracketRight Curly BracketPound SignYen SignLatin Capital Letter A With DieresisLatin Capital Letter A With Ring AboveLatin Capital Letter AELatin Capital Letter N With TildeLatin Capital Letter O With DieresisLatin Capital Letter O With StrokeLatin Capital Letter U With DieresisLong Vertical MarkAlternate CommaCharacter EraseAlternate HyphenAlternate PeriodAlternate Question MarkAlternate ApostropheLow LineGrave AccentVertical LineTildeEdit Section: Sellers Of Font StandardsMagnetic Ink Character RecognitionOptical Character RecognitionWestminster (typeface)OCR-BTemplate:Monospaced FontsTemplate Talk:Monospaced FontsMonospaced FontOutline FontDroid Sans MonoEverson MonoLetter GothicLiberation MonoLucida ConsoleNoto Sans MonoOCR-BSymbols For ZeroAndalé MonoCousineDejaVu Sans MonoFira MonoPragmataProSource Code ProUbuntu (typeface)Symbols For ZeroConsolasHyperFontInconsolataM+ FONTSMenlo (typeface)Monaco (typeface)ProFontPT Mono3x3Fixed (typeface)FixedsysFixedsys ExcelsiorGNU UnifontTerminal (typeface)IBM 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