Contents 1 History 1.1 Death Row Records 1.2 With Tupac Shakur 2 Flipside's Death 3 Discography 3.1 Studio albums 3.2 Singles & EPs 3.3 Compilations 4 Videography 4.1 Music videos 5 See also 6 References 7 External links


History[edit] The trio, Flipside,[2] Low M.B., and Bus Stop released Straight Up Watts album on the Atlantic-backed Big Beat Records in 1992.[3] their first single, "Slangin’ Dope", received heavy rotation on The Box, which was a local TV channel for Los Angeles that only played requested music videos. Under the guidance of DJ Quik and 2nd II None's manager "Greedy" Greg, the group was soon picked up by Death Row Records.[4] O.F.T.B. appeared on the platinum-selling, Suge Knight-produced soundtrack for Above The Rim, as well as the soundtrack for Murder Was The Case. Death Row Records[edit] The trio appeared on the platinum-selling, Suge Knight and Death Row-produced soundtrack for the 1994 film Above the Rim with tracks, such as "Crack Em" (produced by DJ Quik and Murder Was The Case “Hot One”) as well as on the soundtrack for 1997 film Gridlock'd with track "Body & Soul". O.F.T.B. also appeared the Gang Related soundtrack with "Keep Your Eyez Open" in 1997. With Tupac Shakur[edit] Tupac Shakur worked with O.F.T.B.[5][6] on several tracks such as "The Struggle Continuez", “Worldwide (Time After Time)” and the original version “Better Dayz”. The remake of Better Dayz was released after the death of 2pac on his multi-platinum double-album (Better Dayz). They also made tribute song dedicated to 2Pac and Yaki Kadafi called “Still A Mystery” featuring The Outlawz and Kurupt. 2Pac also mention them in his hit single "To Live And Die In L.A." from The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory In 2013, they digitally released Hostile Environment through Tha Payroll Entertainment.[7]


Flipside's Death[edit] On September 23, 2013, Kevin “Flipside” White and a woman were shot in the 1600 block of East 114th Street in Watts, California.[8][9][10][11][12][13] Flipside was rushed to a hospital and died from multiple gunshot wounds. Ten minutes later, a member of the P Jay Crips, Markice “Chiccen” Brider, was also shot to death. Kevin Phillips, a known member of the Grape Street Watts Crips was charged with two counts of murder and one count of attempted murder.[14][15] A funeral service for Kevin White was held at Macedonia Baptist Church in Watts. The funeral had over 700 people in attendance, which included family, friends, and fans. Kevin White were longtime friends with Big Wy, of Damu Ridas and The Relativez, and a mentor to Jay Rock.[16][17]


Discography[edit] Studio albums[edit] 1992: Straight Up Watts 2007: Unearthed 2009: The Missing D.R. Files 2011: Damn Near Dead 2013: Hostile Environment Singles & EPs[edit] 1992: "Slangin' Dope" 1992: "Gimme 'Nother Hit " 1994: "Hot One" 1994: "Crack 'Em" 1996: "Check Yo Hood" 1997: "Body And Soul" 1998: "Off The Ringer" 1998: "In Too Deep" Compilations[edit] 1994: Above the Rim soundtrack (Various) 1994: Murder Was the Case soundtrack (Various) 1996: Christmas on Death Row (With Death Row Records) 1996: Gridlock'd soundtrack (Various) 1997: Gang Related soundtrack (Various) 1998: Return Of The West 2007: Archives soundtrack (Various) 2009: The Ultimate Death Row Collection (Various)


Videography[edit] Music videos[edit] Video "Check Yo Hood" "Crack Em" "Piru Love" "Hey Bounty Hunter" "They Ain't Ready" "I Trust Nobody" "We Fed Up" "Starvin For It" "Body And Soul" "Slangin' Dope" "They Wont The Ghetto"


See also[edit] Crime in Los Angeles


References[edit] ^ Slangin' Dope (Vinyl Single) allmusic.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Kevin ‘Flipside’ White (RIP) from O.F.T.B. Interview Part 1 soulcentraltv.net 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ O.F.T.B.: A Daily Operation allhiphop.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ INTERVIEW WITH O.F.T.B. gamedupmagazine.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ O.F.T.B. (June 2011) | Interview By: Chad Kiser dubcnn.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Interview: O.F.T.B Keeps It Real shockya.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Hostile Environment by O.F.T.B. at iTunes. 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Kevin White, 44, The Homicide Report homicide.latimes.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ The Life and Death of Rapper Kevin "Flipside" White laweekly.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Rapper Flipside's Murder Has Watts Enemies Agreeing, Revenge Is Stupid laweekly.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Kevin “Flipside” White Of O.F.T.B. Murdered dubcnn.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Former Death Row Records Artist Shot Dead Kevin “Flipside” White of The Watts Group O.F.T.B. hiphopnews24-7.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Breaking: Former Death Row Records Artist Shot Dead allhiphop.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Charges Filed In Murder Of Kevin “Flipside” White Of Rap Group O.F.T.B. xxlmag.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Kevin Phillips Charged With Murder Of Kevin "Flipside" White Of Rap Group O.F.T.B. hiphopdx.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved, 28-05-2014 ^ Jay Rock: Rock Solid allhiphop.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014 ^ Jay Rock: From Gangbanging To Banging Beats allhiphop.com 28-05-2014 Retrieved. 28-05-2014


External links[edit] Tha Payroll Entertainment O.F.T.B at AllMusic O.F.T.B. discography at Discogs O.F.T.B. on Myspace Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 266734120 MusicBrainz: 7a9b460a-111c-452b-a05b-b15f05d33920 Hip hop portal Gangs portal Los Angeles portal California portal v t e Hip hop Breaking DJing Graffiti MCing (rapping) Culture Battle rap Dance Fashion Feminism Activism Festivals Music Production Theater Albums Genres History Golden age Old-school New school Electro Feminist Subgenres Alternative hip hop Acoustic hip hop Bounce Chicano rap Chopped and screwed Chopper Christian hip hop Cloud rap Comedy hip hop Conscious hip hop Crunk Dirty rap Drill East Coast Experimental hip hop Freestyle rap Gangsta rap G-funk Hardcore hip hop Horrorcore Indie hip hop Instrumental hip hop LGBT hip hop Memphis rap Midwest Nerdcore hip hop Political hip hop Pop rap Snap music Southern Trap Turntablism Underground hip hop West Coast Fusion genres Baltimore club Country rap Crunkcore Cumbia rap Digital hardcore Emo hip hop Ghetto house Ghettotech Glitch hop Grime Hip hop soul Hip house Hiplife Hipster hop Hyphy Igbo rap Industrial hip hop Jazz rap Jersey club Merenrap New jack swing Neo soul Nu metal Nu metalcore Pop rap Psychedelic hip hop Rap metal Rap opera Rap rock Trip hop Urban Pasifika Wonky Other topics Autotune Beatboxing DJ DJ mixer Record player Turntablism Drum machine Sampler Synthesizer Music sequencer Rapping By nationality African Algerian Gambian Igbo Ivorian Kenyan Moroccan Nigerien Senegalese Tanzanian Togolese Zimbabwean North American Canadian Greenlandic Native American Asian Bangladeshi Burmese Chinese Filipino Hong Kong Indian Indonesian Japanese Korean Malaysian Nepalese Pakistani Singapore Taiwanese Thai European Albanian Austrian Azerbaijani Belgian Bosnian-Herzegovinian British Bulgarian Czech Dutch Finnish French German Greek Hungarian Icelandic Italian Macedonian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Scottish Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Swiss Turkish Ukrainian Latin American Brazilian Cuban Dominican Haitian Mexican Salvadoran Middle Eastern Arabic Egyptian Iranian Israeli Lebanese Palestinian Yemeni Oceanian Australian New Zealand Category Portal v t e  State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Culture Food Music Myth Sports Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography Climate Ecology Flora Fauna Government Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics Congressional delegations Elections People Protected areas State Parks State Historic Landmarks Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles Regions Antelope Valley Big Sur California Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country Metro regions Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana Counties Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Most populous cities Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=O.F.T.B.&oldid=812393667" Categories: American hip hop groupsBloodsDeath Row Records artistsGangsta rap groupsMusical groups established in 1990Musical groups from Los AngelesWest Coast hip hop groups1990 establishments in CaliforniaHidden categories: Articles with hCardsWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages Deutsch Edit links This page was last edited on 27 November 2017, at 16:47. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.292","walltime":"0.384","ppvisitednodes":{"value":1202,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":87741,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":8255,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":11,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":0,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 261.446 1 -total"," 31.55% 82.481 1 Template:Infobox_musical_artist"," 24.71% 64.595 1 Template:Infobox"," 22.23% 58.130 1 Template:Authority_control"," 18.13% 47.410 3 Template:Navbox"," 12.58% 32.901 1 Template:Portal_bar"," 11.08% 28.973 1 Template:Hip_hop"," 9.27% 24.238 1 Template:California"," 8.07% 21.098 1 Template:US_state_navigation_box"," 7.39% 19.319 1 Template:Reflist"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.103","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":2177975,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1238","timestamp":"20180218035325","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":495,"wgHostname":"mw1238"});});


O.F.T.B. - Photos and All Basic Informations

O.F.T.B. More Links

Los AngelesCaliforniaHip Hop MusicGangsta RapBig Beat Records (Atlantic Records Subsidiary)Death Row RecordsTupac ShakurThe OutlawzSnoop DoggTha Dogg PoundDJ QuikJewell (singer)Lisa LopesBig SykeHip Hop MusicWatts, Los AngelesSouth Los Angeles, CaliforniaNickerson GardensBounty Hunter BloodsAtlantic RecordsBig Beat Records (Atlantic Records Subsidiary)The Box (U.S.)DJ Quik2nd II NoneDeath Row RecordsSuge KnightAbove The RimMurder Was The CaseAbove The Rim (soundtrack)Above The RimMurder Was The CaseGridlock'd (soundtrack)Gridlock'dGang Related (soundtrack)Tupac ShakurBetter DayzYaki KadafiThe OutlawzKuruptTo Live & Die In L.A. (song)The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day TheoryWatts, CaliforniaP Jay CripsGrape Street Watts Crips (gang)Bloods & CripsDamu RidasHoo-Bangin' RecordsJay RockAbove The Rim (soundtrack)Murder Was The Case (soundtrack)Christmas On Death RowGridlock'd (soundtrack)Gang Related (soundtrack)Crime In Los AngelesITunesAllMusicDiscogsMyspaceHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileMusicBrainzPortal:Hip HopPortal:GangsPortal:Los AngelesPortal:CaliforniaTemplate:Hip HopTemplate Talk:Hip HopHip HopBreakdancingTurntablismGraffitiRappingBattle RapHip-hop DanceHip Hop FashionHip-hop FeminismFeminist Activism In Hip HopList Of Hip Hop FestivalsHip Hop MusicHip Hop ProductionHip-hop TheaterList Of Hip Hop Albums Considered To Be InfluentialList Of Hip Hop GenresGolden Age Hip HopOld-school Hip HopNew School Hip HopElectro (music)Hip Hop FeminismList Of Hip Hop GenresAlternative Hip HopAcoustic Hip HopBounce MusicChicano RapChopped And ScrewedChopper (rap)Christian Hip HopCloud RapComedy Hip HopConscious Hip HopCrunkDirty RapDrill MusicEast Coast Hip HopExperimental Hip HopFreestyle RapGangsta RapG-funkHardcore Hip HopHorrorcoreIndie Hip HopInstrumental Hip HopLGBT Hip HopMemphis RapMidwest Hip HopNerdcore Hip HopPolitical Hip HopPop-rapSnap MusicSouthern Hip HopTrap Music (hip Hop)TurntablismUnderground Hip HopWest Coast Hip HopList Of Hip Hop GenresBaltimore ClubCountry RapCrunkcoreCumbia RapDigital HardcoreEmo Hip HopGhetto HouseGhettotechGlitch HopGrime (music Genre)Hip Hop SoulHip HouseHiplifeHipster HopHyphyIgbo RapIndustrial Hip HopJazz RapJersey ClubMerenrapNew Jack SwingNeo SoulNu MetalNu MetalcorePop RapPsychedelic Hip HopRap MetalRap OperaRap RockTrip HopUrban PasifikaWonky (music)AutotuneBeatboxingDJDJ MixerPhonographTurntablismDrum MachineSampler (musical Instrument)SynthesizerMusic SequencerRappingCategory:Hip Hop By CountryAfrican Hip HopAlgerian Hip HopGambian Hip HopIgbo RapIvorian Hip HopKenyan Hip HopMoroccan Hip HopNigerien Hip HopSenegalese Hip HopTanzanian Hip HopTogolese Hip HopZimbabwean Hip HopCategory:North American Hip HopCanadian Hip HopGreenlandic Hip HopNative American Hip HopAsian Hip HopBangladeshi Hip HopBurmese Hip HopChinese Hip HopPinoy Hip HopHong Kong Hip HopIndian Hip HopIndonesian Hip HopJapanese Hip HopKorean Hip HopMalaysian Hip HopNepalese Hip HopPakistani Hip HopSingapore Hip HopTaiwanese Hip HopThai Hip HopEuropean Hip HopAlbanian Hip HopAustrian Hip HopAzerbaijani Hip HopBelgian Hip HopBosnian And Herzegovinian Hip HopBritish Hip HopBulgarian Hip HopCzech Hip HopDutch Hip HopFinnish Hip HopFrench Hip HopGerman Hip HopGreek Hip HopHungarian Hip HopIcelandic Hip HopItalian Hip HopMacedonian Hip HopPolish Hip HopHip Hop TugaRomanian Hip HopRussian Hip HopScottish Hip-hopSerbian Hip HopSlovak Hip HopSlovenian Hip HopSpanish Hip HopSwedish Hip HopSwiss Hip HopTurkish Hip HopUkrainian Hip HopLatin Hip HopBrazilian Hip HopLatin Hip HopLatin Hip HopHaitian Hip HopLatin Hip HopLatin Hip HopMiddle Eastern Hip HopArabic Hip HopEgyptian Hip HopIranian Hip HopIsraeli Hip HopLebanese Hip HopPalestinian Hip HopYemeni Hip HopCategory:Oceanian Hip HopAustralian Hip HopNew Zealand Hip HopCategory:Hip HopPortal:Hip HopTemplate:CaliforniaTemplate Talk:CaliforniaU.S. StateCaliforniaSacramento, CaliforniaOutline Of CaliforniaCulture Of CaliforniaCuisine Of CaliforniaMusic Of CaliforniaCalifornia SoundSports In CaliforniaDemographics Of CaliforniaList Of Earthquakes In CaliforniaEconomy Of CaliforniaEducation In CaliforniaEnvironment Of CaliforniaGeography Of CaliforniaClimate Of CaliforniaEcology Of CaliforniaCalifornia Floristic ProvinceFauna Of CaliforniaGovernment Of CaliforniaCalifornia State CapitolDistricts In CaliforniaGovernor Of CaliforniaCalifornia State LegislatureSupreme Court Of CaliforniaHealthcare In CaliforniaHistory Of CaliforniaLaw Of CaliforniaList Of National Historic Landmarks In CaliforniaList Of National Natural Landmarks In CaliforniaNational Register Of Historic Places Listings In CaliforniaPolitics Of CaliforniaUnited States Congressional Delegations From CaliforniaElections In CaliforniaList Of People From CaliforniaCalifornia Protected AreasList Of California State ParksList Of California Historical LandmarksList Of California State SymbolsTransportation In CaliforniaWater In CaliforniaIndex Of California-related ArticlesList Of Regions Of CaliforniaAntelope ValleyBig SurCalifornia Coast RangesCascade RangeCentral CaliforniaCentral Coast (California)Central Valley (California)Channel Islands Of CaliforniaCoachella ValleyCoastal CaliforniaConejo ValleyCucamonga ValleyDeath ValleyEast Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)East County, San DiegoEastern CaliforniaEmerald TriangleGold CountryGreat BasinSan Bernardino ValleyInland EmpireKlamath BasinLake TahoeGreater Los Angeles AreaLos Angeles BasinLost CoastMojave DesertMountain Empire, San DiegoNorth Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)North Coast (California)North County (San Diego Area)Northern CaliforniaOwens ValleyOxnard PlainPeninsular RangesPomona ValleySacramento ValleySalinas ValleySan Fernando ValleySan Francisco Bay AreaSan Francisco PeninsulaSan Gabriel ValleySan Joaquin ValleySanta Clara ValleySanta Clara River ValleySanta Clarita ValleySanta Ynez ValleyShasta CascadeSierra Nevada (U.S.)Silicon ValleySouth Bay, Los AngelesSouth Bay, San DiegoSouth Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)South Coast (California)Southern Border Region (California)Southern CaliforniaTransverse RangesTri-ValleyVictor ValleyWine Country (California)Metropolitan Statistical AreaMetropolitan FresnoLos Angeles Metropolitan AreaSacramento Metropolitan AreaInland EmpireSan Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical AreaSan Diego–TijuanaList Of Counties In CaliforniaAlameda County, CaliforniaAlpine County, CaliforniaAmador County, CaliforniaButte County, CaliforniaCalaveras County, CaliforniaColusa County, CaliforniaContra Costa County, CaliforniaDel Norte County, CaliforniaEl Dorado County, CaliforniaFresno County, CaliforniaGlenn County, CaliforniaHumboldt County, CaliforniaImperial County, CaliforniaInyo County, CaliforniaKern County, CaliforniaKings County, CaliforniaLake County, CaliforniaLassen County, CaliforniaLos Angeles County, CaliforniaMadera County, CaliforniaMarin County, CaliforniaMariposa County, CaliforniaMendocino County, CaliforniaMerced County, CaliforniaModoc County, CaliforniaMono County, CaliforniaMonterey County, CaliforniaNapa County, CaliforniaNevada County, CaliforniaOrange County, CaliforniaPlacer County, CaliforniaPlumas County, CaliforniaRiverside County, CaliforniaSacramento County, CaliforniaSan Benito County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaSan Diego County, CaliforniaSan FranciscoSan Joaquin County, CaliforniaSan Luis Obispo County, CaliforniaSan Mateo County, CaliforniaSanta Barbara County, CaliforniaSanta Clara County, CaliforniaSanta Cruz County, CaliforniaShasta County, CaliforniaSierra County, CaliforniaSiskiyou County, CaliforniaSolano County, CaliforniaSonoma County, CaliforniaStanislaus County, CaliforniaSutter County, CaliforniaTehama County, CaliforniaTrinity County, CaliforniaTulare County, CaliforniaTuolumne County, CaliforniaVentura County, CaliforniaYolo County, CaliforniaYuba County, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaLos AngelesSan DiegoSan Jose, CaliforniaSan FranciscoFresno, CaliforniaSacramento, CaliforniaLong Beach, CaliforniaOakland, CaliforniaBakersfield, CaliforniaAnaheim, CaliforniaHelp:CategoryCategory:American Hip Hop GroupsCategory:BloodsCategory:Death Row Records ArtistsCategory:Gangsta Rap GroupsCategory:Musical Groups Established In 1990Category:Musical Groups From Los AngelesCategory:West Coast Hip Hop GroupsCategory:1990 Establishments In CaliforniaCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With MusicBrainz IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link