Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Release 4 Reception 4.1 Critical response 4.2 Revival 4.3 Legacy 4.4 Awards 4.5 Origins 5 References 6 External links

Plot[edit] This article needs an improved plot summary. (December 2017) Three Russians, Iranov (Sig Ruman), Buljanov (Felix Bressart), and Kopalsky (Alexander Granach), are in Paris to sell jewelry confiscated from the aristocracy during the Russian Revolution of 1917. Upon arrival, they meet Count Leon d'Algout (Melvyn Douglas), on a mission from the Russian Grand Duchess Swana (Ina Claire), who wants to retrieve her jewelry before it is sold. He corrupts them and talks them into staying in Paris. The Soviet Union then sends Nina Ivanovna "Ninotchka" Yakushova (Greta Garbo), a special envoy whose goals are to go through with the jewelry sale and bring back the three men. Rigid and stern at first, she slowly becomes seduced by the West and the Count, who falls in love with her. The three Russians also accommodate themselves to capitalism, but the last joke of the film is that one of them carries a sign protesting that the other two are unfair to him.

Cast[edit] Greta Garbo as Nina Ivanovna "Ninotchka" Yakushova Melvyn Douglas as Count Léon d'Algout Ina Claire as Grand Duchess Swana Sig Ruman as Iranoff Felix Bressart as Buljanoff Alexander Granach as Kopalski Bela Lugosi as Commissar Razinin Rolfe Sedan as Hotel Manager Gregory Gaye as Count Alexis Rakonin Edwin Maxwell as Mercier Richard Carle as Gaston Tamara Shayne as Anna (uncredited) George Tobias as Russian visa official (uncredited) Charles Judels as café owner (uncredited) Edwin Stanley as Soviet lawyer (uncredited)

Release[edit] Premiered in 1939 in the United States, the movie was released a month after the outbreak of World War II in Europe, where it became a great success. It was, however, banned in the Soviet Union and its satellites. Despite that, it went on to make $2,279,000 worldwide. In a play on the famous "Garbo Talks!" ad campaign used for her "talkie" debut in Anna Christie (1930), Ninotchka was marketed with the catchphrase "Garbo Laughs!", commenting on Garbo's serious and melancholy image and implying she had not laughed or played comedy before. However, her canon reveals this not to be the case. Although all her previous films were dramatic, Garbo had occasions to laugh in several of them. In Queen Christina (1933), she disguises herself as a man and jokes with her co-star John Gilbert and others throughout the first half of the picture. In Camille (1936), she feigns exuberant laughter in a dramatic scene with actor Henry Daniell.

Reception[edit] Greta Garbo as Nina Ivanovna "Ninotchka" Yakushova and Melvyn Douglas as Count Léon d'Algout Critical response[edit] When the film was first released, The New York Times film critic Frank S. Nugent praised it: The comedy, through Mr. Douglas's debonair performance and those of Ina Claire as the duchess and Sig Rumann, Felix Bressart and Alexander Grannach as the unholy three emissaries; through Mr. Lubitsch's facile direction; and through the cleverly written script of Walter Reisch, Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder, has come off brilliantly. Stalin, we repeat, won't like it; but, unless your tastes hew too closely to the party line, we think you will, immensely.[2] More recently, in 2008, film critic Dennis Schwartz discussed the humor of Ninotchka: The sly political jokes include Garbo saying: "The last mass trials were a great success. There are going to be fewer but better Russians" and there are a few well-placed jokes mocking the failed Soviet Five-Year-Plan. The most noteworthy Lubitsch touch scene revolves around a stag feast in a luxury hotel ordered by capitalist Douglas for the three grateful comrade emissaries, who can't believe their good fortune. The film was funny in spots, but I thought it was also crude, lacked the usual Lubitsch subtleties, was not up to speed with the better earlier Lubitsch comedies and that the last half hour really slowed things down with an uninteresting artificial resolution.[3] Revival[edit] An attempt to revive the film later during World War II was suppressed on the grounds that the Soviets were then allies of the West.[4] Legacy[edit] In 1955, the musical Silk Stockings opened on Broadway. Written by Cole Porter, the stage production was based on the 1939 story and script and starred Hildegard Neff and Don Ameche. The musical was then adapted by MGM as a 1957 film directed by Rouben Mamoulian and starring Fred Astaire and Cyd Charisse. Actor George Tobias, who played the commissar in Silk Stockings, also appeared in an uncredited small role in Ninotchka as the Russian official who gets punched by Leon for refusing him a visa. The MGM films Comrade X (1940), starring Clark Gable and Hedy Lamarr, and The Iron Petticoat (1956), starring Bob Hope and Katharine Hepburn, both borrow heavily from Ninotchka. In 1990, Ninotchka was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". In 2011, Time also included the film on the magazine's list of "All-Time 100 Movies".[5] Ninotchka is recognized as well by the American Film Institute in the AFI 100 Years... series in the following lists: 1998: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies – Nominated[6] 2000: AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs – #52[7] 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – #40[8] 2005: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes: Leon: "Ninotchka, it's midnight. One half of Paris is making love to the other half." -– Nominated[9] Ninotchka: "Must you flirt?" Leon: "Well, I don't have to, but I find it natural." Ninotchka: "Suppress it." – Nominated[10] 2007: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies – Nominated[11] Awards[edit] Ninotchka received four Academy Award nominations: Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading Role, Best Original Story, and Best Screenplay.[12] Origins[edit] Ninotchka is based on a three-sentence story idea by Melchior Lengyel that made its debut at a poolside conference in 1937, when a suitable comedy vehicle for Garbo was being sought by MGM: “Russian girl saturated with Bolshevist ideals goes to fearful, capitalistic, monopolistic Paris. She meets romance and has an uproarious good time. Capitalism not so bad, after all.”[13][14][15]

References[edit] ^ a b "Ninotchka". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved August 19, 2016.  ^ Nugent, Frank S. The New York Times, film review, November 10, 1939. Last accessed: December 24, 2013. ^ Schwartz, Dennis. Ozus' World Movie Reviews, film review, February 20, 2008. Last accessed: December 24, 2013. ^ Lee Kennett, For the Duration. . . : The United States Goes To War p 164 ISBN 0-684-18239-4 ^ Corliss, Richard (2011). "All-Time 100 Movies", Time, October 3, 2011. Retrieved 2018-01-16. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (1998 edition)" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2017-01-28.  ^ "America's Funniest Movies" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2017-01-28.  ^ "AFI's 100 Greatest Love Stories of All Time". American Film Institute. Retrieved 2017-01-28.  ^ "AFI's List of Nominated Quotes" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2017-01-28.  ^ "AFI's List of Nominated Quotes" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2017-01-28.  ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (2007 edition)" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2017-01-28.  ^ The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. "The 12th Academy Awards, 1940", honoring the films of 1939. Awards presentation at Coconut Grove of the Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles, California, February 29, 1940. Retrieved January 19, 2018. ^ Shaw, Tony (2007). Hollywood's Cold War, p. 16. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 0748630732. ^ Zolotow, Maurice (1977). Billy Wilder in Hollywood, p. 97. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 0879100702. ^ Thomson, David (2012). The Big Screen: The Story of the Movies, p. 104. Macmillan. ISBN 0374191891.

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ninotchka (film). Ninotchka on IMDb Ninotchka at Rotten Tomatoes Ninotchka at AllMovie Ninotchka at the TCM Movie Database v t e Films directed by Ernst Lubitsch Feature films Shoe Palace Pinkus (1916) When Four Do the Same (1917) Die Augen der Mumie Ma (1918) Carmen (1918) Intoxication (1919) The Doll (1919) My Wife, the Movie Star (1919) The Oyster Princess (1919) Meyer from Berlin (1919) Madame DuBarry (1919) Sumurun (1920) Kohlhiesel's Daughters (1920) Anna Boleyn (1920) The Wild Cat (1921) The Loves of Pharaoh (1922) The Flame (1923) Rosita (1923) The Marriage Circle (1924) Three Women (1924) Forbidden Paradise (1924) Kiss Me Again (1925) Lady Windermere's Fan (1925) So This Is Paris (1926) The Honeymoon Express (1926) The Student Prince in Old Heidelberg (1927) The Patriot (1928) Eternal Love (1929) The Love Parade (1929) Monte Carlo (1930) Paramount on Parade (co-director) (1930) The Smiling Lieutenant (1931) Broken Lullaby (1932) One Hour with You (1932) Trouble in Paradise (1932) Design for Living (1933) The Merry Widow (1934) Angel (1937) Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1938) Ninotchka (1939) The Shop Around the Corner (1940) That Uncertain Feeling (1941) To Be or Not to Be (1942) Heaven Can Wait (1943) A Royal Scandal (1945) Cluny Brown (1946) That Lady in Ermine (1948) Short films I Don't Want to Be a Man Kohlhiesels Töchter If I Had a Million (segment "The Clerk") Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 316751731 GND: 7539307-4 SUDOC: 177314710 BNF: cb146635572 (data) Retrieved from "" Categories: English-language films1939 films1930s romantic comedy filmsAmerican romantic comedy filmsAmerican political satire filmsAmerican black-and-white filmsAmerican filmsDefection in fictionFilms directed by Ernst LubitschFilms set in ParisMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer filmsUnited States National Film Registry filmsFilms about the Soviet Union in the Stalin eraScreenplays by Billy WilderScreenplays by Charles BrackettGreta GarboHidden categories: Wikipedia articles with plot summary needing attention from December 2017All Wikipedia articles with plot summary needing attentionArticles using small message boxesWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiers

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Ernst LubitschSidney Franklin (director)Melchior LengyelCharles BrackettBilly WilderWalter ReischGreta GarboMelvyn DouglasIna ClaireWerner R. HeymannWilliam H. DanielsMetro-Goldwyn-MayerEnlargeMelvyn DouglasGreta GarboRichard CarleEnlargeGreta GarboMelvyn DouglasMetro-Goldwyn-MayerErnst LubitschGreta GarboMelvyn DouglasBilly WilderCharles BrackettWalter ReischMelchior LengyelGreta GarboSoviet UnionJoseph StalinWikipedia:How To Write A Plot SummarySig RumanFelix BressartAlexander GranachRussian Revolution Of 1917Melvyn DouglasIna ClaireGreta GarboGreta GarboMelvyn DouglasIna ClaireSig RumanFelix BressartAlexander GranachBela LugosiRolfe SedanGregory GayeEdwin Maxwell (actor)Richard CarleTamara ShayneGeorge TobiasCharles JudelsEdwin StanleyWorld War IITalkieAnna Christie (1930 Film)Queen Christina (film)John Gilbert (actor)Camille (1936 Film)Henry DaniellEnlargeThe New York TimesFrank S. NugentWorld War IISovietMusical TheaterSilk StockingsBroadway (theatre)Cole PorterHildegard NeffDon AmecheSilk Stockings (film)Rouben MamoulianFred AstaireCyd CharisseGeorge TobiasComrade XClark GableHedy LamarrThe Iron PetticoatBob HopeKatharine HepburnNational Film RegistryLibrary Of CongressTime (magazine)American Film InstituteAFI 100 Years... SeriesAFI's 100 Years...100 MoviesAFI's 100 Years...100 LaughsAFI's 100 Years...100 PassionsAFI's 100 Years...100 Movie QuotesAFI's 100 Years...100 MoviesAcademy AwardMelchior LengyelTurner Classic MoviesAtlantaTurner Broadcasting SystemTime WarnerInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-684-18239-4American Film InstituteAmerican Film InstituteAmerican Film InstituteAmerican Film InstituteAmerican Film InstituteAmerican Film InstituteInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0748630732International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0879100702International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0374191891IMDbRotten TomatoesAllMovieTurner Classic MoviesTemplate:Ernst LubitschTemplate Talk:Ernst LubitschErnst LubitschShoe Palace PinkusWhen Four Do The SameDie Augen Der Mumie MaCarmen (1918 Film)Intoxication (film)The Doll (1919 Film)My Wife, The Movie StarThe Oyster PrincessMeyer From BerlinMadame DuBarry (1919 Film)SumurunKohlhiesels Töchter (1920 Film)Anna Boleyn (film)The Wild Cat (1921 Film)The Loves Of PharaohThe Flame (1923 Film)Rosita (film)The Marriage CircleThree Women (1924 Film)Forbidden ParadiseKiss Me Again (1925 Film)Lady Windermere's Fan (1925 Film)So This Is Paris (1926 Film)The Honeymoon ExpressThe Student Prince In Old HeidelbergThe Patriot (1928 Film)Eternal Love (1929 Film)The Love ParadeMonte Carlo (1930 Film)Paramount On ParadeThe Smiling LieutenantBroken LullabyOne Hour With YouTrouble In Paradise (film)Design For Living (film)The Merry Widow (1934 Film)Angel (1937 Film)Bluebeard's Eighth WifeThe Shop Around The CornerThat Uncertain Feeling (film)To Be Or Not To Be (1942 Film)Heaven Can Wait (1943 Film)A Royal Scandal (film)Cluny BrownThat Lady In ErmineI Don't Want To Be A ManKohlhiesels Töchter (1920 Film)If I Had A MillionHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceHelp:CategoryCategory:English-language FilmsCategory:1939 FilmsCategory:1930s Romantic Comedy FilmsCategory:American Romantic Comedy FilmsCategory:American Political Satire FilmsCategory:American Black-and-white FilmsCategory:American FilmsCategory:Defection In FictionCategory:Films Directed By Ernst LubitschCategory:Films Set In ParisCategory:Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer FilmsCategory:United States National Film Registry FilmsCategory:Films About The Soviet Union In The Stalin EraCategory:Screenplays By Billy WilderCategory:Screenplays By Charles BrackettCategory:Greta GarboCategory:Wikipedia Articles With Plot Summary Needing Attention From December 2017Category:All Wikipedia Articles With Plot Summary Needing AttentionCategory:Articles Using Small Message BoxesCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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