Contents 1 History 1.1 Lyons Station 1.2 Beale's Cut 1.3 Newhall Pass 1.4 San Fernando Tunnel 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] Newhall Pass was initially named 'Fremont Pass' for General John C. Frémont, who was thought to have passed through it in 1847 on his way to sign the Treaty of Cahuenga, but he actually went slightly east of the pass on the El Camino Viejo.[1] Lyons Station[edit] In 1853, a Los Angeles businessman, Henry Clay Wiley installed a windlass atop the Fremont Pass to speed and ease the ascent and descent of the steep Santa Clara Divide. He also built a tavern, hotel and stable nearby. In 1854, Wiley sold out to Sanford and Cyrus Lyon and it began to be called Lyons Station. At the same time Phineas Banning obtained the business of supplying Fort Tejon.[2] Beale's Cut[edit] Beale's Cut in 1872 The steep pass was made easier to cross with a deep slot-like road cut by Charles H. Brindley, Andrés Pico, and James R. Vineyard, to whom the State of California awarded a twenty-year contract to maintain the turnpike and collect tolls.[3][4] Thus, the "San Fernando Mountain," the most daunting obstacle along the Fort Tejon Road, the main inland route from Los Angeles to the north, was cut through. Butterfield Overland Mail, a stagecoach that operated mail between St. Louis, Missouri and San Francisco began using it directly. In 1861, a landowner and surveyor named Edward Beale was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as the federal Surveyor General of California and Nevada. Beale challenged General Pico's loyalty to the new president and in 1863, Beale was awarded the right to collect the toll in the pass. Beale maintained rights to the cut for the next twenty years and so it became known as "Beale's Cut."[5] Beale's Cut was eventually deepened to 90 feet (27.4 m). It lasted as a transportation passage in the neighborhood of present-day Newhall Pass until construction of the Newhall Tunnel was completed in 1910. Beale's Cut appeared in many silent western movies. The location became a favorite of movie producers like John Ford and D. W. Griffith. In Ford's 1923 film Three Jumps Ahead American film actor Tom Mix is filmed jumping over the pass.[6] John Ford used the location in at least four films over a twenty-year period beginning as early as 1917. Beale's Cut in 2003 Still in existence today, it is no longer passable by automobiles. It suffered a partial collapse during the Northridge Earthquake, on January 17, 1994, and now is about 30 feet (9.1 m) deep. It is visible from the Sierra Highway about one mile north from the intersection of The Old Road and Sierra Highway, just after the first bridge under SR 14. It lies between Sierra Highway and the new freeway, about a quarter mile to the northeast of a stone marker. Beale's Cut is difficult to find today because it is fenced off and not close enough to the Sierra Highway to be easily seen. Newhall Pass[edit] Newhall Tunnel ca. 1918 Newhall Pass is named after businessman Henry Newhall, whose land holdings formed the basis of the city of Santa Clarita. Newhall came to California from Saugus, Massachusetts during the California Gold Rush in 1850. Over time he purchased a number of properties in the state, the most significant being the 46,460-acre (188 km2) Rancho San Francisco in northern Los Angeles County. Within this territory, he granted a right-of-way to Southern Pacific through what is now Newhall Pass, and he also sold them a portion of the land, upon which the company built a town they named after him: Newhall. The first station built on the line he named for his hometown, Saugus. After his death in 1882 his family incorporated the Newhall Land and Farming Company. Newhall Pass remains a main traffic route, as the Newhall Pass interchange of Interstate 5 (Golden State Freeway) and State Route 14 (Antelope Valley Freeway), as well as Sierra Highway, Foothill Boulevard, and San Fernando Road travel through the pass. The Sierra Highway crossing was once the Newhall Tunnel, built by Los Angeles County in 1910 to replace Beale's Cut. San Fernando Tunnel[edit] San Fernando Tunnel c.1900 Metrolink's Antelope Valley Line and the Union Pacific Railroad (formerly Southern Pacific Railroad) go through the pass via the San Fernando Tunnel.[7] The 6,940-foot-long railroad tunnel (2,115.3 m) took a year and a half to complete. Over 1,500 mostly Chinese laborers took part in the tunnel construction, which began at the south end of the mountain on March 22, 1875. Many of them had prior experience working on Southern Pacific's tunnels in the Tehachapi Pass. Due to the sandstone composition of the mountain that was saturated with water and oil, frequent cave-ins occurred and the bore had to be constantly shored up by timbers during excavation. The initial location for the north end of the tunnel was near Lyons Station Stagecoach Stop, which was abandoned due to frequent cave-ins caused by oil soaked rock. The north end was moved a little further west towards the present town of Newhall, California. The north end of the tunnel excavation commenced in June 1875. Water was a constant problem during construction and pumps were utilized to keep the tunnel from flooding. Workers digging from both the north and south ends of the tunnel came face to face on July 14, 1876. The bores from each end were only a half inch out of line with dimensions of 22 feet (6.7 m) high, 16.5 feet (5.0 m) wide at the bottom and over 18 feet (5.5 m) at the shoulders.[8] Track was laid in place during the tunnel dig and was used to remove dirt and rock by horse pulled cars. The first train passed through the tunnel on August 12, 1876. On September 4 Charles Crocker notified Southern Pacific that the track had been completed on the route between San Francisco and Los Angeles.[9]

See also[edit] Weldon Canyon Ridge Route

References[edit] ^ "Beale's Cut". Santa Clarita Valley Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-05-03.  ^ "Tales of Elsmere Canyon" by Jerry Reynolds, accessed June 23, 2011 ^ "Daily Alta California, 4 March 1862". California Digital Newspaper Collection. Retrieved 2013-05-31.  ^ "Ripley: The San Fernando Pass". Santa Clarita Valley Historical Society. Retrieved 2013-05-31.  ^ "Santa Clarita Valley History In Pictures". Santa Clarita Valley Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-11-15.  ^ "Beale's Cut". Retrieved 2008-11-15.  ^ "Lang Station : Recalling A Forgotten Monument" Los Angeles Times 1993 December 5. Collections: Towns ^ Pollack, Alan (August 2010). "1876: Southern Pacific Tunnels Through". SCV History. Retrieved March 22, 2015.  ^ Harrington, Marie. "A Golden Spike: The Beginning". SCV History. Retrieved April 22, 2014. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Newhall Pass. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Newhall Pass History of Beale's Cut (Photos, text, TV shows) Beale's Cut in the Movies Beale's Cut Filmography Retrieved from "" Categories: Mountain passes of CaliforniaSan Fernando ValleyTransportation in the San Fernando ValleyHistoric trails and roads in CaliforniaHistory of Los AngelesSan Gabriel MountainsSanta Susana MountainsEl Camino ViejoLandforms of Los Angeles County, CaliforniaHidden categories: Coordinates on Wikidata

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Newhall Pass Is Located In The Los Angeles Metropolitan AreaSummit (topography)Interstate 5 In CaliforniaLos Angeles County, CaliforniaMountain RangeSanta Susana MountainsSan Gabriel MountainsGeographic Coordinate SystemGeographic Coordinate SystemTopographic MapMountain PassLos Angeles County, CaliforniaSanta Susana MountainsSan Gabriel MountainsGaspar De PortolàHenry NewhallSan Fernando ValleySanta Clarita ValleyGreater Los Angeles AreaNewhall Pass InterchangeLa NiñaEl NiñoCalifornia State Route 14John C. FrémontTreaty Of CahuengaWindlassLyons Station Stagecoach StopPhineas BanningFort TejonEnlargeAndrés PicoJames Russell VineyardFort TejonButterfield Overland MailEdward Fitzgerald BealeJohn FordD. W. GriffithThree Jumps AheadTom MixEnlargeSierra HighwayEnlargeHenry NewhallSanta Clarita, CaliforniaSaugus, MassachusettsCalifornia Gold RushRancho San FranciscoNewhall, Santa Clarita, CaliforniaNewhall Land And Farming CompanyNewhall Pass InterchangeInterstate 5 (California)Golden State FreewayState Route 14 (California)Antelope Valley FreewayFoothill Boulevard (Los Angeles)San Fernando RoadLos Angeles County, CAEnlargeMetrolink (Southern California)Antelope Valley LineUnion Pacific RailroadSouthern Pacific Transportation CompanySouthern Pacific RailroadTehachapi PassLyons Station Stagecoach StopNewhall, CaliforniaCharles CrockerWeldon CanyonRidge RouteHelp:CategoryCategory:Mountain Passes Of CaliforniaCategory:San Fernando ValleyCategory:Transportation In The San Fernando ValleyCategory:Historic Trails And Roads In CaliforniaCategory:History Of Los AngelesCategory:San Gabriel MountainsCategory:Santa Susana MountainsCategory:El Camino ViejoCategory:Landforms Of Los Angeles County, CaliforniaCategory:Coordinates On WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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