Contents 1 Administration 2 History 3 Editors-in-chief 4 Articles 5 Photography 5.1 Gallery 6 Map supplements 7 Language editions 8 Awards 9 Controversies 10 See also 11 Notes 12 Further reading 13 External links


Administration[edit] The current Editor-in-Chief of the National Geographic Magazine is Susan Goldberg.[1] Goldberg is also Editorial Director for National Geographic Partners, overseeing the print and digital expression of National Geographic’s editorial content across its media platforms. She is responsible for News, Books (with the exception of National Geographic Kids books), National Geographic Traveler magazine, National Geographic History magazine, Maps, and all digital content with the exception of National Geographic Kids. Goldberg reports to Declan Moore, CEO of National Geographic Partners.


History[edit] January 1915 cover of The National Geographic Magazine The first issue of National Geographic Magazine was published on September 22, 1888, nine months after the Society was founded. It was initially a scholarly journal sent to 165 charter members and nowadays it reaches the hands of 40 million people each month.[8] Starting with its January 1905 publication of several full-page pictures of Tibet in 1900–1901, the magazine changed from being a text-oriented publication closer to a scientific journal to featuring extensive pictorial content, and became well known for this style. The June 1985 cover portrait of the presumed to be 12-year-old Afghan girl Sharbat Gula, shot by photographer Steve McCurry, became one of the magazine's most recognizable images. National Geographic Kids, the children's version of the magazine, was launched in 1975 under the name National Geographic World. From the 1970s through about 2010 the magazine was printed in Corinth, Mississippi, by private printers until that plant was finally closed. In the late 1990s, the magazine began publishing The Complete National Geographic, a digital compilation of all the past issues of the magazine. It was then sued over copyright of the magazine as a collective work in Greenberg v. National Geographic and other cases, and temporarily withdrew the availability of the compilation. The magazine eventually prevailed in the dispute, and in July 2009 it resumed publishing a compilation containing all issues through December 2008. The compilation was later updated to make more recent issues available, and the archive and digital edition of the magazine are available online to the magazine's subscribers. On September 9, 2015, the National Geographic Society announced a deal with 21st Century Fox that would move the magazine to a new partnership, National Geographic Partners, in which 21st Century Fox would hold a 73 percent controlling interest.[9] In December 2017, Disney announced that it would acquire 21st Century Fox, including the latter's interest in National Geographic partners.[10]


Editors-in-chief[edit] The magazine had a single "editor" from 1888–1920. From 1920–1967, the chief editorship was held by the president of the National Geographic Society. Since 1967, the magazine has been overseen by its own "editor-in-chief". John Hyde (October 1888 – 14 September 1900; Editor-in-Chief: 14 September 1900 – February 1903) Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor (1875–1966) (Editor-in-Chief: February 1903 – 20 January 1920; Managing Editor: 14 September 1900 – February 1903; Assistant Editor: May 1899 – 14 September 1900) Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor (21 January 1920 – 5 May 1954) John Oliver LaGorce (1880–1959) (5 May 1954 – 8 January 1957) Melville Bell Grosvenor (1901–1982) (8 January 1957 – 1 August 1967) Frederick Vosburgh (1905–2005) (1 August 1967 – October 1970) Gilbert Melville Grosvenor (1931– ) (October 1970 – July 1980) Wilbur E. Garrett (July 1980 – April 1990) William Graves (April 1990 – December 1994) William L. Allen (January 1995 – January 2005) Chris Johns (1951–) (January 2005 – April 2014) Susan Goldberg (April 2014 – present)[1][11][12]


Articles[edit] During the Cold War, the magazine committed itself to presenting a balanced view of the physical and human geography of nations beyond the Iron Curtain. The magazine printed articles on Berlin, de-occupied Austria, the Soviet Union, and Communist China that deliberately downplayed politics to focus on culture. In its coverage of the Space Race, National Geographic focused on the scientific achievement while largely avoiding reference to the race's connection to nuclear arms buildup. There were also many articles in the 1930s, 40s and 50s about the individual states and their resources, along with supplement maps of each state. Many of these articles were written by longtime staff such as Frederick Simpich.[13] There were also articles about biology and science topics. In later years, articles became outspoken on issues such as environmental issues, deforestation, chemical pollution, global warming, and endangered species. Series of articles were included focusing on the history and varied uses of specific products such as a single metal, gem, food crop, or agricultural product, or an archaeological discovery. Occasionally an entire month's issue would be devoted to a single country, past civilization, a natural resource whose future is endangered, or other theme. In recent decades, the National Geographic Society has unveiled other magazines with different focuses. Whereas in the past, the magazine featured lengthy expositions, recent issues have shorter articles.


Photography[edit] Color photograph of the Taj Mahal. Source: The National Geographic Magazine, March 1921 In addition to being well known for articles about scenery, history, and the most distant corners of the world, the magazine has been recognized for its book-like quality and its standard of photography. It was during the tenure of Society President Alexander Graham Bell and editor Gilbert H. Grosvenor (GHG) that the significance of illustration was first emphasized, in spite of criticism from some of the Board of Managers who considered the many illustrations an indicator of an “unscientific” conception of geography. By 1910, photographs had become the magazine’s trademark and Grosvenor was constantly on the search for "dynamical pictures" as Graham Bell called them, particularly those that provided a sense of motion in a still image. In 1915, GHG began building the group of staff photographers and providing them with advanced tools including the latest darkroom.[14] The magazine began to feature some pages of color photography in the early 1930s, when this technology was still in its early development. During the mid-1930s, Luis Marden (1913–2003), a writer and photographer for National Geographic, convinced the magazine to allow its photographers to use the so-called "miniature" 35 mm Leica cameras loaded with Kodachrome film over bulkier cameras with heavy glass plates that required the use of tripods.[15] In 1959, the magazine started publishing small photographs on its covers, later becoming larger photographs. National Geographic photography quickly shifted to digital photography for both its printed magazine and its website. In subsequent years, the cover, while keeping its yellow border, shed its oak leaf trim and bare table of contents, to allow for a full page photograph taken for one of the month's articles. Issues of National Geographic are often kept by subscribers for years and re-sold at thrift stores as collectibles. The standard for photography has remained high over the subsequent decades and the magazine is still illustrated with some of the highest-quality photojournalism in the world.[16] In 2006, National Geographic began an international photography competition with over eighteen countries participating. The January 2017 issue of National Geographic has Avery Jackson, a nine-year-old transgender girl, on the cover. She is thought to be the first openly transgender person on National Geographic’s cover.[17] In conservative Muslim countries like Iran and Malaysia, photographs featuring topless or scantily clad members of primitive tribal societies are often blacked out; buyers and subscribers often complain that this practice decreases the artistic value of the photographs for which National Geographic is world-renowned. Gallery[edit] Srirangam Temple, India (National Geographic Magazine November 1909) Pyramid of the Niches, El Tajin, (National Geographic Magazine February 1913) Traditional butter making in Palestine, (National Geographic Magazine March 1914) Spanish Gypsy (National Geographic Magazine March 1917) Kathmandu Market (National Geographic Magazine October 1920) Bulgarian Muslims from Rhodopes (National Geographic Magazine October 1932)


Map supplements[edit] Supplementing the articles, the magazine sometimes provides maps of the regions visited. National Geographic Maps (originally the Cartographic Division) became a division of the National Geographic Society in 1915. The first supplement map, which appeared in the May 1918 issue of the magazine, titled The Western Theatre of War, served as a reference for overseas military personnel and soldiers' families alike.[18] On some occasions, the Society's map archives have been used by the United States government in instances where its own cartographic resources were limited.[19] President Franklin D. Roosevelt's White House map room was filled with National Geographic maps. A National Geographic map of Europe is featured in the displays of the Winston Churchill museum in London showing Churchill's markings at the Yalta Conference where the Allied leaders divided post-war Europe. In 2001, National Geographic released an eight-CD-ROM set containing all its maps from 1888 to December 2000. Printed versions are also available from the National Geographic website.[20]


Language editions[edit] First Ukrainian National Geographic magazine presentation National Geographic English editions collection In 1995, National Geographic began publishing in Japanese, its first local language edition. The magazine is currently published in 37 local editions around the world, including one local English version in India. Language Website Editor-in-chief First issue English (United States) ngm.com Susan Goldberg 1888.10 !October 1888 Farsi (Iran) www.ngmfarsi.com Babak Nikkhah Bahrami 2012.10 !October 2012 Arabic (United Arab Emirates) ngalarabiya.com Alsaad Omar Almenhaly 2010.10 !October 2010 Bulgarian nationalgeographic.bg Krassimir Drumev 2005.11 !November 2005 Chinese (China) nationalgeographic.com.cn Bin Wang 2007.07 !July 2007 Chinese (Taiwan) ngtaiwan.com Yungshih Lee 2001.01 !January 2001 Croatian nationalgeographic.com.hr[permanent dead link] Hrvoje Prćić 2003.11 !November 2003 Czech national-geographic.cz Kateřina Fejková 2002.10 !October 2002 Danish natgeo.dk Karen Gunn 2000.09 !September 2000 Dutch (Netherlands/Belgium) nationalgeographic.nl Aart Aarsbergen 2000.10 !October 2000 English (India) getnationalgeographic.com Niloufer Venkatraman Estonian national-geographic.ee Erkki Peetsalu 2011.10 !October 2011 Finnish natgeo.fi Karen Gunn 2001.01 !January 2001 French nationalgeographic.fr Jean-Pierre Vrignaud 1999.10 !October 1999 Georgian nationalgeographic.ge Natia Khuluzauri 2012.10 !October 2012 German nationalgeographic.de Florian Gless 1999.10 !October 1999 Hungarian ng.hu Tamás Vitray 2003.03 !March 2003 Hebrew nationalgeographic.co.il Daphne Raz 1998.06 !June 1998 Hebrew (Orthodox) 2007.04 !April 2007 Indonesian nationalgeographic.co.id Didi Kaspi Kasim 2007.04 !April 2005 Italian nationalgeographic.it Marco Cattaneo 1998.02 !February 1998 Japanese nationalgeographic.jp Shigeo Otsuka 1995.04 !April 1995 Kazakh nationalgeographic.kz Yerkin Zhakipov 2016.02 !February 2016 Korean (South Korea) nationalgeographic.co.kr Junemo Kim 2000.01 !January 2000 Lithuanian nationalgeographic.lt Frederikas Jansonas 2009.10 !October 2009 Norwegian natgeo.no Karen Gunn 2000.09 !September 2000 Polish nationalgeographic.pl Agnieszka Franus 1999.10 !October 1999 Portuguese (Brazil) ngbrasil.com.br Ronaldo Ribeiro 2000.05 !May 2000 Portuguese (Portugal) nationalgeographic.pt Gonçalo Pereira 2001.04 !April 2001 Romanian natgeo.ro Cătălin Gruia 2003.05 !May 2003 Russian nat-geo.ru Alexander Grek 2003.10 !October 2003 Serbian nationalgeographic.rs Igor Rill 2006.11 !November 2006 Slovene nationalgeographic.si Marija Javornik 2006.04 !April 2006 Spanish (Latin America) ngenespanol.com Claudia Muzzi Turullols 1997.11 !November 1997 Spanish (Spain) nationalgeographic.com.es Josep Cabello 1997.10 !October 1997 Swedish natgeo.se Karen Gunn 2000.09 !September 2000 Thai ngthai.com Kowit Phadungruangkij 2001.08 !August 2001 Turkish nationalgeographic.com.tr Nesibe Bat 2001.05 !May 2001 The following local-language editions have been discontinued: Language Website First issue Last issue Number of issues Mongolian nationalgeographic.mn 2012.10 !October 2012 2014.06 !June 2014 21 Greek nationalgeographic.gr[permanent dead link] 1998.10 !October 1998 2014.12 !December 2014 194 Ukrainian 2013.04 !April 2013 2015.01 !January 2015 21 Azerbaijani nationalgeographic.az 2014.09 !September 2014 2015.12 !December 2015 16 Latvian nationalgeographic.lv 2012.10 !October 2012 2016.03 !March 2016 In association with Trends Publications in Beijing and IDG Asia, National Geographic has been authorized for "copyright cooperation" in China to publish the yellow border magazine, which launched with the July 2007 issue of the magazine with an event in Beijing on July 10, 2007 and another event on December 6, 2007 in Beijing also celebrating the 29th anniversary of normalization of U.S.–China relations featuring former President Jimmy Carter. The mainland China version is one of the two local-language editions that bump the National Geographic logo off its header in favor of a local-language logo; the other one is the Persian version published under the name Gita Nama. In contrast to the United States, where membership in the National Geographic Society was until recently the only way to receive the magazine, the worldwide editions are sold on newsstands in addition to regular subscriptions. In several countries, such as Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Turkey and Ukraine National Geographic paved the way for a subscription model in addition to traditional newsstand sales.[citation needed]


Awards[edit] On May 1, 2008, National Geographic won three National Magazine Awards—an award solely for its written content—in the reporting category for an article by Peter Hessler on the Chinese economy; an award in the photojournalism category for work by John Stanmeyer on malaria in the Third World; and a prestigious award for general excellence.[21] Between 1980 and 2011 the magazine has won a total of 24 National Magazine Awards.[22] In May 2006, 2007, and 2011 National Geographic magazine won the American Society of Magazine Editors' General Excellence Award in the over two million circulation category. In 2010, National Geographic Magazine received the top ASME awards for photojournalism and essay. In 2011, National Geographic Magazine received the top-award from ASME—the Magazine of the Year Award. In April 2014, National Geographic received the National Magazine Award ("Ellie") for best tablet edition for its multimedia presentation of Robert Draper's story "The Last Chase," about the final days of a tornado researcher who was killed in the line of duty.[23] In February 2017, National Geographic received the National Magazine Award ("Ellie") for best website.[24]


Controversies[edit] On the magazine's February 1982 cover, the pyramids of Giza were altered, resulting in the first major scandal of the digital photography age and contributing to photography's "waning credibility".[25] The cover of the October 1988 issue featured a photo of a large ivory male portrait whose authenticity, particularly the alleged Ice Age provenance, has been questioned.[26] In 1999, the magazine was embroiled in the Archaeoraptor scandal, in which it purported to have a fossil linking birds to dinosaurs. The fossil was a forgery.[citation needed] In 2010, the magazine's Your Shot competition was awarded to William Lascelles for photography featuring a dog with fighter jets over its shoulder. The picture turned out to be a fraud.[27]


See also[edit] National Geographic Kids National Geographic Traveler Asian Geographic Australian Geographic Canadian Geographic and Géographica in Canada Chinese National Geography (founded in 1949) GEO, Germany Vokrug sveta (Russian: Around the World) John Patric, noted writer for National Geographic during the 1930s and 1940s Chris Johns (photographer), staff photographer and subsequently, editor-in-chief (2005-2014) of the magazine


Notes[edit] ^ a b c "Masthead: National Geographic Magazine". National Geographic. July 1, 2014. Archived from the original on July 1, 2014. Retrieved July 1, 2014.  ^ "AAM: Total Circ for Consumer Magazines". Alliance for Audited Media. December 31, 2013. Archived from the original on April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ Celebrating 125 years ^ National Geographic ^ "Contact Us". National Geographic. Retrieved November 29, 2015.  ^ Farhi, Paul (September 9, 2014). "National Geographic gives Fox control of media assets in $725 million deal". The Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved July 8, 2016.  ^ "National Geographic Boilerplates". National Geographic Press Room. National Geographic Society. April 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2016. Published in English and nearly 40 local-language editions, National Geographic magazine has a global circulation of around 6.7 million.  ^ amyatwired, Author: amyatwired. "Jan. 27, 1888: National Geographic Society Gets Going". WIRED. Retrieved 2017-09-08.  ^ Parker, Laura. "National Geographic and 21st Century Fox Expand Media Partnership". Retrieved 9 September 2015.  ^ Goldman, David (2017-12-14). "Disney buys 21st Century Fox: Who gets what". CNNMoney. Retrieved 2017-12-14.  ^ Bryan, C.D.B, "The National Geographic Society, 100 Years of Adventure and Discovery," Abrams Inc., New York, 1997 ^ "Evolution of National Geographic Magazine" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-13.  ^ The Complete National Geographic. ISBN 978-1-4262-9635-2. ^ Wentzel, Volmar K (1998). "GILBERT HOVEY GROSVENOR, FATHER OF PHOTOJOURNALISM". Cosmos Club. Cosmos Club. Retrieved January 18, 2015. Photographs had unquestionably become the Magazine’s trademark. They confirmed GHG’s conviction, “If the National Geographic Magazine is to progress, it must constantly improve the quality of its illustrations...” At first he borrowed, then bought and probably would have stolen “dynamical” photographs, if in 1915 he had not engaged Franklin L. Fisher as his Chief of Illustrations.  ^ Wentzel, Volmar K (1998). "GILBERT HOVEY GROSVENOR, FATHER OF PHOTOJOURNALISM". Cosmos Club. Cosmos Club. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  ^ "Milestone Photos". Photo Galleries - Celebrating 125 Years. National Geographic Society. 2013. Retrieved January 18, 2016.  ^ Avery, Dan (2016-09-30). "National Geographic Magazine Puts Young Transgender Girl On Cover". NewNowNext. Retrieved 2016-12-15.  ^ "Maps of the News – December 2009 Edition", Contours, The Official National Geographic Maps Blog, posted December 17, 2009, ^ Grosvenor, Gilbert (1950). Map Services of the National Geographic Society. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society.  A Map Cabinet containing over eighteen National Geographic maps has been presented to every U.S. president since President Franklin D. Roosevelt. ^ National Geographic ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard. "National Geographic Wins 3 Awards, Honored Beyond Photography". The New York Times, May 2, 2008. Accessed January 8, 2010. ^ "American Society of Magazine Editors database". Magazine.org. Retrieved 2014-07-13.  ^ Howard, Brian Clark (May 1, 2014). "National Geographic Wins National Magazine Awards". NGS. National Geographic Society. Retrieved January 18, 2016. The annual National Magazine Awards are considered the premier awards for magazine journalism and are administered by the American Society of Magazine Editors in association with the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. Winners were announced at a dinner in New York.  ^ "ELLIE AWARDS 2017 WINNERS ANNOUNCED | ASME". www.magazine.org. Retrieved 2017-03-07.  ^ "Faking it: Manipulated Photography Before Photoshop", Mia Fineman. Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. Retrieved 28 jan 2017 ^ Paul G. Bahn (1998). The Cambridge Illustrated History of Prehistoric Art. Cambridge University Press. p. 154. ISBN 0521454735.  ^ "National Geographic Admits Photo Fraud (Plus: 10 Major Photoshopping Scandals)", Antonina Jedrzejczak. Business Insider. June 11, 2010. Retrieved 28 jan 2017


Further reading[edit] Robert M. Poole, Explorers House: National Geographic and the World it Made, 2004; reprint, Penguin Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-14-303593-0 Stephanie L. Hawkins, American Iconographic: "National Geographic," Global Culture, and the Visual Imagination, University of Virginia Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-8139-2966-8, 264 pages. A scholarly study of the magazine's rise as a cultural institution that uses the letters of its founders and its readers; argues that National Geographic encouraged readers to question Western values and identify with others. Moseley, W.G. 2005. “Reflecting on National Geographic Magazine and Academic Geography: The September 2005 Special Issue on Africa” African Geographical Review. 24: 93–100.


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Geographic Magazine images. Wikisource has original text related to this article: National Geographic Magazine Official website All the magazine's covers published since 1888 until the year 2000 v t e National Geographic Society Gilbert Melville Grosvenor, Chairman Emeritus (since 2010) John M. Fahey, Jr., Chairman (since 2011) Gary Knell, President and CEO (since 2014) People Stephen Alvarez Alexander Graham Bell Barry Bishop Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor Gilbert Melville Grosvenor Melville Bell Grosvenor Gardiner Greene Hubbard Chris Johns John G. Mitchell Mark Shelley John Verano Tim T. Kelly Magazines National Geographic National Geographic Adventure (1999–2009; defunct) National Geographic Traveler National Geographic Kids Television National Geographic Abu Dhabi Nat Geo People National Geographic Farsi National Geographic NGC Asia NGC Australia NG Canada NGC Korea NG Netherlands NGC Scandinavia NGC United Kingdom and Ireland Nat Geo Kids Nat Geo Music Nat Geo Wild Nat Geo Wild Europe Other Bee (geography competition) Endeavour (ship) Greenberg v. National Geographic Hubbard Medal Image Collection Maps Palomar Observatory Sky Survey World Championship (geography competition; on hiatus) National Geographic Animal Jam v t e Major English-language science and technology magazines Australia Australian Geographic Cosmos Australasian Science Canada Canadian Geographic United Kingdom Astronomy Now BBC Focus BBC Sky at Night BBC Wildlife Computeractive Computer Weekly Computing Geographical Medicine Magazine New Scientist PC Pro The Inquirer The Register Wired UK United States American Scientist Astrobiology Magazine Astronomy Discover InformationWeek MIT Technology Review National Geographic PC Magazine PC World Popular Mechanics Popular Science Science News Scientific American Scientific American Mind Seed Wired Sky & Telescope See also Science and technology magazines category Cell (journal) Communications of the ACM Computer (magazine) IEEE Spectrum Nature (journal) PNAS Proceedings of the Royal Society Science (journal) AlphaGalileo Ars Technica Gizmodo Lifehacker Slashdot TechCrunch Engadget CNET.com SmartPlanet Mashable ReadWriteWeb v t e 50 largest magazines in the United States As of June 2016 AARP The Magazine AARP Bulletin AAA Living American Baby American Rifleman Better Homes and Gardens Bon Appétit Cooking Light Cosmopolitan Costco Connection Country Living Entertainment Weekly ESPN The Magazine Every Day with Rachael Ray Family Circle FamilyFun Food Network Magazine Game Informer Glamour Golf Digest Golf Magazine Good Housekeeping Guideposts InStyle Martha Stewart Living Men's Health Money National Geographic O, The Oprah Magazine Parents People Prevention Reader's Digest Real Simple Redbook Rolling Stone Self Seventeen Shape Smithsonian Southern Living Sports Illustrated Taste of Home The American Legion Time TV Guide Us Weekly WebMD the Magazine Woman's Day Women's Health Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=National_Geographic&oldid=825498071" Categories: National Geographic Society magazinesAmerican science and technology magazinesAmerican monthly magazinesMagazines established in 188821st Century Fox subsidiariesMagazines published in Washington, D.C.1888 establishments in the United StatesHidden categories: Use mdy dates from April 2012All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from February 2018Articles with permanently dead external linksAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from October 2016Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia


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