Contents 1 Organisation 2 Terminology 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References


Organisation[edit] Each municipality forms part of a province which in turn forms part or the whole of an autonomous community (17 in total plus Ceuta and Melilla): some autonomous communities have additional second level subdivisions, such as comarcas (districts) or mancomunidades (commonwealths). There are a total of 8,118 municipalities in Spain, including the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.[1] In the Principality of Asturias, municipalities are officially named concejos (councils).[2] The average population of a municipality is about 5,300, but this figure masks a huge range: the most populous Spanish municipality is the city of Madrid, with a population of 3,141,991 (2015), while several rural municipalities have fewer than ten inhabitants (Villarroya, La Rioja, had a population of eight in 2015). The area of the municipal territory (Spanish: término municipal) usually ranges 2–40 km², but municipalities such as Tremp (Lleida) cover more than 300 km². The organisation of the municipalities is governed by a 2 April 1985 law, completed by the 18 April 1986 royal decree. The Statutes of Autonomy of the various autonomous communities also contain provisions concerning the relations between the municipalities and the autonomous governments. In general, municipalities enjoy a large degree of autonomy in their local affairs: many of the functions of the comarcas and provinces are municipal powers pooled together. Each municipality is a corporation with independent legal personality: its governing body is called the ayuntamiento (municipal council or corporation), a term often also used to refer to the municipal offices (city and town halls). The ayuntamiento is composed of the mayor (Spanish: alcalde), the deputy mayors (Spanish: tenientes de alcalde) and the plenary assembly (pleno) of councillors (concejales). The mayor and the deputy mayors are elected by the plenary assembly, which is itself elected by universal suffrage on a list system every four years. The plenary assembly must meet publicly at least every three months at the seat of the ayuntamiento. Many ayuntamientos also have a governing commission (comisión de gobierno), named by the mayor from among the councillors; it is required for municipalities of more than 5,000 inhabitants. The governing commission, whose role is to assist the mayor between meetings of the plenary assembly, may not include more than one third of the councillors.


Terminology[edit] Spain's cities and main towns. English Spanish Catalan / Valencian Galician Basque Municipality Municipio Municipi Concello or Municipio Udalerria Municipal council Ayuntamiento Ajuntament or Casa de la vila Concello Udala Mayor Alcalde Alcalde or Batlle Alcalde Alkatea Deputy Mayor Teniente de alcalde Tinent d'alcalde Tenente de alcalde Alkateordea Governing commission Comisión de gobierno Comissió de govern Comisión de goberno Gobernu batzordea Plenary assembly Pleno Ple Pleno Osoko bilkura Councillor Concejal Regidor Concelleiro Zinegotzia


See also[edit] Spain portal List of municipalities of Spain Political divisions of Spain Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces


Notes[edit] ^ In other languages of Spain: Catalan/Valencian municipis (IPA: [muniˈsipis]), sing. municipi. Galician municipios (IPA: [muˈniθipjos]) or bisbarras (IPA: [bizˈβaras]), sing. municipio/bisbarra. Basque udalerriak (IPA: [udaleriak]), sing. udalerria.


References[edit] ^ INE. ^ Statute of Autonomy of the Principality of Asturias, Art. 6.1: "El Principado de Asturias se organiza territorialmente en municipios, que recibirán la denominación tradicional de Concejos, y en Comarcas". v t e Municipalities of Spain List of municipalities of Spain By autonomous community Andalusia Aragon Asturias1 Balearic Islands1 Basque Country Canary Islands Cantabria1 Castile–La Mancha Castile and León Catalonia Extremadura Galicia La Rioja1 Community of Madrid1 Region of Murcia1 Navarre1 Valencian Community By province A Coruña Álava Albacete Alicante Almería Asturias Ávila Badajoz Barcelona Biscay Burgos Balearic Islands Cáceres Cádiz Cantabria Castellón Ciudad Real Córdoba Cuenca Girona Granada Guadalajara Gipuzkoa Huelva Huesca Jaén Las Palmas León Lleida Lugo Madrid Málaga Murcia Navarre Ourense Palencia Pontevedra La Rioja Salamanca Santa Cruz de Tenerife Segovia Seville Soria Tarragona Teruel Toledo Valencia Valladolid Zamora Zaragoza 1 Single-province autonomous communities. v t e Articles on third-level administrative divisions of countries Bangladesh Belgium Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chile China Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Ethiopia Finland France Germany Greece Guinea Haiti India Indonesia distrik kecamatan Iran Iraq Israel mo'atzot mekomio iriyot mo'atzot azoriot Italy Ivory Coast Japan Kenya Liberia Lebanon Lithuania Luxembourg Mali Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Niger Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Portugal Russia Senegal Sierra Leone Slovakia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Switzerland Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand Togo Ukraine United States Vietnam Zimbabwe List of administrative divisions by country Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Municipalities_of_Spain&oldid=816708454" Categories: Municipalities of SpainCountry subdivisions in EuropeThird-level administrative country subdivisionsLists of subdivisions of SpainHidden categories: Articles containing Catalan-language textArticles containing Galician-language textArticles containing Basque-language textPages using deprecated image syntaxArticles containing Spanish-language text


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