Contents 1 History 2 Geography 2.1 Demographics 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The municipality has been the most stable subdivision of Portugal since the foundation of the country in the 12th century.[2][3] They have their origin in the foral, a legal document, issued by the King of Portugal, which assigned privileges to a town or a region. The present subdivisions have their origins in the 19th century after the administrative reforms conducted by the middle of the 19th century by the governments of the constitutional monarchy. The concelhos probably formed after the expulsion of the Visigothic rulers by the Moors during the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. Towns were thus left free to govern themselves, and the population started to organize in councils (concelhos in Portuguese) in order to govern the town and surrounding lands. These were also a reminder of Roman municipalities. The existence since the Middle Ages of a large number of small municipalities with no financial resources and without people qualified to take part in municipal councils caused the stagnation of their growth. The Liberal revolution of 1836, resulted in the suppression/annexation of many of these smaller municipalities, which allowed the infusion of new revenues and facilitated growth in population and size.[2]

Geography[edit] See also: List of municipalities of Portugal There are 308 municipalities in Portugal: 278 in mainland Portugal and 30 in the autonomous regions of the Azores and Madeira. They are usually named for their biggest city, or at least, their historically most important city or town. However, the municipality is not synonymous with the city (or urban centre), and can include various towns or cities. In Portugal, cities/towns are a social distinction based on population size and associated services, and have no legal representation in law or constitution. Before the 2013 local government reforms, Portugal was divided into 18 continental districts (Portuguese: distritos) and two autonomous regions (Portuguese: regiões autónomas), Azores and Madeira. The table below is the distribution of the municipalities within these districts and the autonomous regions: The 18 districts and 2 autonomous regions of Portugal, subdivided into their municipalities. Order District/Autonomous Region Municipalities 01. Aveiro 19 02. Beja 14 03. Braga 14 04. Bragança 12 05. Castelo Branco 11 06. Coimbra 17 07. Évora 14 08. Faro 16 09. Guarda 14 10. Leiria 16 11. Lisbon 16 12. Portalegre 15 13. Porto 18 14. Santarém 21 15. Setúbal 13 16. Viana do Castelo 10 17. Vila Real 14 18. Viseu 24 19. Azores 19 20. Madeira 11 The biggest municipalities are those located in rural and inland areas where the dominating property type is the latifundia, such as Beja, Évora or Portalegre in the south, and also in other less populated areas, such as Bragança or Castelo Branco. The most populous municipalities are those located near the sea, and especially around the metropolitan areas of Lisbon, Porto and Braga, while the less populous municipalities are located in the inland regions of Alentejo and Trás-os-Montes. The municipalities with the lowest population densities are also found in these inland regions, with smaller populations distributed over a greater area. Demographics[edit] This chart gives the number of inhabitants in the municipality area and the area is in km2 (only for populations over 100,000). Rank Municipality Population Land Area Density Metropolitan area 1 Lisbon 545,245 84.8 6,430 Greater Lisbon 2 Sintra 377,249 319.2 1,182 Greater Lisbon 3 Vila Nova de Gaia 302,092 170.8 1,769 Greater Porto 4 Porto 237,559 41.3 5,752 Greater Porto 5 Loures 205,577 169.3 1,214 Greater Lisbon 6 Cascais 205,117 97.4 2,106 Greater Lisbon 7 Braga 181,819 183.2 992 8 Amadora 175,558 23.8 7,376 Greater Lisbon 9 Matosinhos 174,931 62.2 2,812 Greater Porto 10 Almada 173,298 70.0 2,476 Greater Lisbon 11 Oeiras 172,063 45.7 3,765 Greater Lisbon 12 Gondomar 168,205 133.26 1,262 Greater Porto 13 Guimarães 158,108 241.3 655 14 Seixal 157,981 95.5 1,654 Greater Lisbon 15 Odivelas 143,755 26.4 5,445 Greater Lisbon 16 Coimbra 143,052 319.0 448 17 Santa Maria da Feira 139,393 215.1 648 Greater Porto 18 Vila Franca de Xira 136,510 317.7 430 Greater Lisbon 19 Maia 135,049 83.70 1,613 Greater Porto 20 Vila Nova de Famalicão 133,804 201.7 663 21 Leiria 127,468 564.7 226 22 Setúbal 120,791 171.9 703 Greater Lisbon 23 Barcelos 120,492 378.9 318 24 Funchal 112,015 76.25 1,469

See also[edit] Portugal portal Municipality List of municipalities of Portugal Subdivisions of Portugal

References[edit] ^ a b "7th Constitutional Revision" (PDF). Assembly of the Republic (Portugal). Archived from the original (pdf) on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2014.  ^ a b Silveira, Luís (May 2000). "Origins and Evolution of the Portuguese Administrative System in Comparative Perspective". Lisbon, Portugal: Universidade Nova de Lisboa.  ^ Manuel Lima (2005), "Divisões Administrativas de Portugal: Um olhar pela diversidade da divisão territorial portuguesa". Archived from the original on 5 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-20.  (in Portuguese) v t e Portugal articles History Timeline Oestriminis Ophiussa Hispania Lusitania Gallaecia Lusitanians Suebi Buri Visigoths County of Portugal Kingdom of Portugal Monarchs 1383–85 Crisis Consolidation Discoveries Odyssey Empire Renaissance Treaty of Tordesillas 1755 Lisbon earthquake Peninsular War Liberal Revolution Civil War Constitutional Monarchy Republican Revolution First Republic World War I 28 de Maio Estado Novo Carnation Revolution Third Republic By topic Economy Military Geography Cities Estrela Mountains Islands Lakes Regions Rivers Volcanoes Politics Administrative divisions Autonomous regions Municipalities Elections Foreign relations Government Judiciary Law Constitution Law enforcement LGBT history Military Parliament Political parties President Economy Agriculture Central bank Economic history Energy Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Fishing Mining Science and technology Stock Exchange Telecommunications Internet Tourism Transport Society Crime Demographics Education Health Healthcare Housing Immigration Languages People Time Culture Architecture Portuguese pavement Cinema Cuisine wine Literature Media Newspapers Radio TV Monuments Music Public holidays Religion Sport Symbols Coat of arms Flag Anthem Outline Index Book Category Portal v t e Articles on second-level administrative divisions of European countries Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France1 Georgia2 Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Italy Kazakhstan1 Kosovo3 Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia1 Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey1 Ukraine United Kingdom 1 Has part of its territory outside Europe. 2 Partially or entirely in Asia, depending on the definition of the border. 3 Partially recognised. List of administrative divisions by country Retrieved from "" Categories: Municipalities of PortugalSubdivisions of PortugalCountry subdivisions in EuropeSecond-level administrative country subdivisionsLAU 1 statistical regions of the European UnionHidden categories: Articles with Portuguese-language external linksPages using deprecated image syntaxArticles containing Portuguese-language text

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