Contents 1 Structure 2 History 3 Ranking of municipalities 3.1 By population 3.2 By area 4 Municipalities of Mexico City 5 See also 6 References 7 External links


Structure[edit] All Mexican states are divided into municipalities. Each municipality is autonomous; citizens elect a "municipal president" (presidente municipal) who heads an ayuntamiento or municipal council, responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. This concept, which originated after the Mexican Revolution, is known as a municipio libre ("free municipality"). A municipal president heads the ayuntamiento (municipal council). The municipal president is elected by plurality and cannot be reelected for the next immediate term. The municipal council consists of a cabildo (chairman) with a síndico and several regidores (trustees). If the municipality covers a large area and contains more than one city or town (collectively called localidades), one city or town is selected as a cabecera municipal (head city, seat of the municipal government) while the rest elect representatives to a presidencia auxiliar or junta auxiliar (auxiliary presidency or council). In that sense, a municipality in Mexico is roughly equivalent to the counties of the United States, whereas the auxiliary presidency is equivalent to a township. Nonetheless, auxiliary presidencies are not considered a third-level administrative division since they depend fiscally on the municipalities in which they are located. North-western and south-eastern states are divided into small numbers of large municipalities (e.g. Baja California is divided into only five municipalities), and therefore they cover large areas incorporating several separated cities or towns that do not necessarily conform to one single conurbation. Central and southern states, on the other hand, are divided into a large number of small municipalities (e.g. Oaxaca is divided into 570 municipalities), and therefore large urban areas usually extend over several municipalities which form one single conurbation. Although an urban area might cover an entire municipality, auxiliary councils might still be used for administrative purposes. Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the cleaning and maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1983, they can collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own collection efforts.


History[edit] Municipal Palace of Veracruz Since the Conquest and colonization of Mexico, the municipality became the basic entity of the administrative organization of New Spain and the Spanish Empire. Settlements located in strategic locations received the status of city (the highest status within the Empire, superior to that of villas and pueblos) and were entitled to form an ayuntamiento or municipality. After Independence, the 1824 Constitution did not specify any regulation for the municipalities, whose structure and responsibilities were to be outlined in the constitution of each state of the federation. As such, every state set its own requirements for a settlement to become a municipality (usually based on population). The Constitution of 1917 abolished the jefatura política ("political authority"), the intermediate administrative authority between the states and converted all existing municipalities into municipios libres ("free municipalities"), that is, gave them full autonomy to manage local affairs, while at the same time restricting the scope of their competencies.[4] However, in 1983 the 115th article was modified to expand the municipalities' authority to raise revenue (through property taxes and other local services) and to formulate budgets.


Ranking of municipalities[edit] By population[edit] Data from the 2015 Intercensal Survey by INEGI.[5] Ranking State Municipality Population 1 Mexico Ecatepec 1,677,678 2 Baja California Tijuana 1,641,570 3 Guanajuato León 1,578,626 4 Puebla Puebla 1,576,259 5 Jalisco Guadalajara 1,460,148 6 Chihuahua Juárez 1,391,180 7 Jalisco Zapopan 1,332,272 By area[edit] Data from Los Municipios con Mayor y Menor Extensión Territorial by the Instituto Nacional Para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal[6] Ensenada Ranking State Municipality Area (km²) 1 Baja California Ensenada 51,952.26 2 Baja California Sur Mulegé 33,092.20 3 Coahuila Ocampo 26,433.60 4 Baja California Sur La Paz 20,275.00 5 Quintana Roo Othón P. Blanco 17,189.75 6 Chihuahua Ahumada 17,131.48 7 Baja California Sur Comondú 16,858.30 8 Chihuahua Camargo 16,066.01 2,438 Tlaxcala San Lorenzo Axocomanitla 4.34


Municipalities of Mexico City[edit] Main article: Municipalities of Mexico City Mexico City is a special case in that it is not organized as a municipality, but as a federal district as the capital of the federation. It is administered through the Government of the Federal District and it has its own unicameral Legislative Assembly. For administrative purposes, the Federal District is subdivided into delegaciones, or boroughs. They are not identical to municipalities, but since 2000, they enjoy a certain degree of political autonomy since residents within a borough directly elect a local borough head of government (called jefe delegacional). However, boroughs do not form local [municipal] councils, are not constituted by a group of trustees, and do not have regulatory powers, most of which are exercised by the Federal District's government. Most public services are organized by the Federal District even if some responsibilities are carried out by the boroughs. Still, at the federal level, the boroughs are considered a second-level territorial division for statistical data collection and cross-municipal comparisons. Other municipalities in Mexico have chosen to use a similar administrative internal organization. All municipalities of Baja California are subdivided into boroughs, or delegaciones. The municipality of Mexicali for example, is divided into 14 boroughs besides the City of Mexicali, which comprises the municipal seat and three additional metropolitan boroughs. The Municipality of Santiago de Querétaro is subdivided into seven boroughs. Nonetheless, the heads of government of the boroughs are not elected by the residents but rather appointed by the municipal president. Unlike the boroughs of Mexico City, which are second-level administrative divisions, the boroughs of the municipalities are third-level administrative divisions.


See also[edit] List of Mexican municipalities: full list, by state Settlement classification in Mexico Boroughs of Mexico


References[edit] ^ Article 2, Constitución Política del Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas, September 6, 2017 (in Spanish). Retrieved on January 5, 2018. ^ At the time of the 2015 Intercensal Survey, there were 2,441 municipalities in Mexico according to INEGI, excluding the delegaciones of Mexico City: "División territorial de México" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved January 5, 2018.  Since then, six municipalities have been created in Chiapas (Belisario Domínguez, Emiliano Zapata, El Parral, Mezcalapa, Capitán Luis Ángel Vidal, Rincón Chamula San Pedro) and one in Quintana Roo (Puerto Morelos), bringing the total to 2,448. ^ Article 115, Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved on January 5, 2018. ^ Inform sobre Desarrollo Humano México 2004 Archived 2007-01-26 at the Wayback Machine. p. 50 ^ "Encuesta Intercensal 2015: Presentación de resultados" (PDF). INEGI. p. 15. Retrieved 2016-11-08.  ^ Los Municipios con Mayor y Menor Extensión Territorial Archived 2011-05-17 at the Wayback Machine. Instituto Nacional Para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal


External links[edit] Mexican government structure History (in Spanish) of the Mexican constitution Mexico Portal de Información Municipal (in Spanish) v t e Spanish terms for country subdivisions National, Federal Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región Regional, Metropolitan Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia Ecuador Spain Urban, Rural Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad Ciudad autónoma Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village (Pueblito/Pueblo) Historical subdivisions in italics. v t e Municipalities of Mexico by state Aguascalientes Baja California Baja California Sur Campeche Chiapas Chihuahua Coahuila Colima Durango Guanajuato Guerrero Hidalgo Jalisco México Mexico City Michoacán Morelos Nayarit Nuevo León Oaxaca Puebla Querétaro Quintana Roo San Luis Potosí Sinaloa Sonora Tabasco Tamaulipas Tlaxcala Veracruz Yucatán Zacatecas v t e Articles on second-level administrative divisions of North American countries Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic El Salvador Guatemala Haiti Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama United States List of administrative divisions by country Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Municipalities_of_Mexico&oldid=824605433" Categories: Municipalities of MexicoLocal government in MexicoSubdivisions of MexicoCountry subdivisions in North AmericaSecond-level administrative country subdivisionsUrban planning in MexicoHidden categories: CS1 Spanish-language sources (es)Webarchive template wayback linksArticles with Spanish-language external links


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages CatalàDeutschEspañolFrançaisBahasa IndonesiaItalianoעבריתMagyarNāhuatlNorskPolskiRomânăРусскийScotsSimple EnglishСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиاردو中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 8 February 2018, at 11:05. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.216","walltime":"0.340","ppvisitednodes":{"value":2309,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":51186,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":4827,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":10,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 230.350 1 -total"," 32.80% 75.548 1 Template:Reflist"," 28.95% 66.681 1 Template:States_of_Mexico_by_municipality"," 27.34% 62.977 31 Template:Flag"," 16.66% 38.382 2 Template:Cite_web"," 14.51% 33.420 2 Template:Es_icon"," 13.89% 31.991 1 Template:Link_language"," 11.38% 26.212 1 Template:Category_handler"," 10.28% 23.678 3 Template:Navbox"," 9.38% 21.600 1 Template:Main"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.053","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":2758321,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1319","timestamp":"20180218075205","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":443,"wgHostname":"mw1319"});});


Municipalities_of_Mexico - Photos and All Basic Informations

Municipalities_of_Mexico More Links

AguascalientesMunicipalities Of AguascalientesBaja CaliforniaMunicipalities Of Baja CaliforniaBaja California SurMunicipalities Of Baja California SurCampecheMunicipalities Of CampecheChiapasMunicipalities Of ChiapasChihuahua (state)Municipalities Of ChihuahuaCoahuilaMunicipalities Of CoahuilaColimaMunicipalities Of ColimaDurangoMunicipalities Of DurangoGuanajuatoMunicipalities Of GuanajuatoGuerreroMunicipalities Of GuerreroHidalgo (state)Municipalities Of HidalgoJaliscoMunicipalities Of JaliscoState Of MexicoMunicipalities Of The State Of MexicoMichoacánMunicipalities Of MichoacánMorelosMunicipalities Of MorelosNayaritMunicipalities Of NayaritNuevo LeónMunicipalities Of Nuevo LeónOaxacaMunicipalities Of OaxacaPueblaMunicipalities Of PueblaQuerétaroMunicipalities Of QuerétaroQuintana RooMunicipalities Of Quintana RooSan Luis PotosíMunicipalities Of San Luis PotosíSinaloaMunicipalities Of SinaloaSonoraMunicipalities Of SonoraTabascoMunicipalities Of TabascoTamaulipasMunicipalities Of TamaulipasTlaxcalaMunicipalities Of TlaxcalaVeracruzMunicipalities Of VeracruzYucatánMunicipalities Of YucatánZacatecasMunicipalities Of ZacatecasMunicipioSpanish LanguageMexicoStates Of MexicoEstadoMunicipalities Of Mexico CityMexico CityMexican ConstitutionMunicipal PresidentMexican RevolutionAyuntamientoPlurality Voting SystemCabildo (council)SyndicCounty (United States)United StatesBaja CaliforniaOaxacaEnlargeVeracruz, VeracruzNew SpainSpanish Empire1824 Constitution Of MexicoINEGIMexico StateSan Cristóbal EcatepecBaja CaliforniaTijuana (municipality)GuanajuatoLeón, GuanajuatoPueblaPueblaJaliscoGuadalajara, JaliscoChihuahua (state)Ciudad JuárezJaliscoZapopanInstituto Nacional Para El Federalismo Y El Desarrollo MunicipalEnlargeSurface AreaBaja CaliforniaEnsenada MunicipalityBaja California SurMulegé MunicipalityCoahuilaOcampo Municipality, CoahuilaBaja California SurLa Paz Municipality, Baja California SurQuintana RooOthón P. Blanco, Quintana RooChihuahua (state)Ahumada MunicipalityBaja California SurComondú MunicipalityChihuahua (state)Camargo Municipality, ChihuahuaTlaxcalaSan Lorenzo Axocomanitla (municipality)Municipalities Of Mexico CityMexico CityFederal DistrictLegislative AssemblyBoroughs Of The Mexican Federal DistrictMunicipalities Of Baja CaliforniaMunicipality Of MexicaliMexicaliSantiago De QuerétaroList Of Mexican MunicipalitiesSettlement Classification In MexicoBoroughs Of MexicoINEGIINEGIBelisario Domínguez MunicipalityPuerto Morelos MunicipalityWayback MachineINEGIWayback MachineMexican ConstitutionTemplate:Spanish Terms For Country SubdivisionsTemplate Talk:Spanish Terms For Country SubdivisionsSpanish LanguageAdministrative DivisionAutonomous Communities Of SpainDepartamentoDistrito FederalState (polity)ProvinceRegionCanton (country Subdivision)ComarcaCommunes Of ChileCorregimientoBoroughs Of MexicoDistrictMancomunidadMerindadMunicipalidadMunicipioParroquiaParishes Of EcuadorParroquia (Spain)Hamlet (place)AlqueriaElizateAsentamientoShanty TownPueblos JóvenesBarrioCampamento (Chile)Hamlet (place)CityAutonomous CityColonia (Mexico)Lugar (country Subdivision)MasiaPoblacionRancheríaSitioVeredaVillaVillageTemplate:Municipalities Of MexicoTemplate Talk:Municipalities Of MexicoMexicoPolitical Divisions Of MexicoMunicipalities Of AguascalientesMunicipalities Of Baja CaliforniaMunicipalities Of Baja California SurMunicipalities Of CampecheMunicipalities Of ChiapasMunicipalities Of ChihuahuaMunicipalities Of CoahuilaMunicipalities Of ColimaMunicipalities Of DurangoMunicipalities Of GuanajuatoMunicipalities Of GuerreroMunicipalities Of HidalgoMunicipalities Of JaliscoMunicipalities Of The State Of MexicoMunicipalities Of Mexico CityMunicipalities Of MichoacánMunicipalities Of MorelosMunicipalities Of NayaritMunicipalities Of Nuevo LeónMunicipalities Of OaxacaMunicipalities Of PueblaMunicipalities Of QuerétaroMunicipalities Of Quintana RooMunicipalities Of San Luis PotosíMunicipalities Of SinaloaMunicipalities Of SonoraMunicipalities Of TabascoMunicipalities Of TamaulipasMunicipalities Of TlaxcalaMunicipalities Of VeracruzMunicipalities Of YucatánMunicipalities Of ZacatecasTemplate:Articles On Second-level Administrative Divisions Of North American CountriesTemplate Talk:Articles On Second-level Administrative Divisions Of North American CountriesAdministrative DivisionCensus Geographic Units Of CanadaCantons Of Costa RicaMunicipalities Of CubaProvinces Of The Dominican RepublicMunicipalities Of El SalvadorMunicipalities Of GuatemalaArrondissements Of HaitiMunicipalities Of HondurasMunicipalities Of NicaraguaDistricts Of PanamaCounty (United States)List Of Administrative Divisions By CountryHelp:CategoryCategory:Municipalities Of MexicoCategory:Local Government In MexicoCategory:Subdivisions Of MexicoCategory:Country Subdivisions In North AmericaCategory:Second-level Administrative Country SubdivisionsCategory:Urban Planning In MexicoCategory:CS1 Spanish-language Sources (es)Category:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Articles With Spanish-language External LinksDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link