Contents 1 History 2 Government 3 List of municipalities 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


History[edit] Iceland This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Iceland Constitution Institutions Executive President Guðni Th. Jóhannesson Prime Minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir Cabinet Legislative Alþing (Althing, Parliament) Umboðsmaður Alþingis (ombudsman) Landsdómur (impeachment court) Judicial Supreme Court Elections Political parties Politicians Constituencies (kjördæmi) Recent elections Presidential: 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 Parliamentary: 2007 2009 2013 2016 2017 2010 referendum (debt repayment) Administrative divisions Regions (landshlutar) Municipalities (sveitarfélög) Cities and towns (kaupstaðir) Foreign relations Diplomatic missions of Iceland in Iceland Iceland and the European Union Cod Wars (1950s / 1970s) Other countries Atlas v t e The origin of the municipalities can be traced back to the commonwealth period in the 10th century when rural communities were organized into communes (hreppar) with the main purpose of providing help for the poorest individuals in society. When urbanization began in Iceland during the 18th and 19th centuries, several independent townships (kaupstaðir) were created. The role of municipalities was further formalized during the 20th century and by the end of the century there was no longer any distinction made between urban and rural municipalities. The trend in recent years has been to transfer more functions and power from the state to the municipalities. This has called for larger municipalities. The government encourages municipalities to merge but has taken a different approach to the issue than governments in other Nordic countries where forced amalgamation is regularly carried out (such as the municipal reform in Denmark that took effect in 2007). Instead the process is voluntary. Municipalities negotiate possible mergers between themselves and the merger has to be agreed upon by the people of each municipality in a referendum. A similar approach is used by the Faroese government. Municipalities with fewer than 50 people may be merged with others by force though. The number of municipalities peaked in the mid-20th century. There were 229 of them in 1950.[1] In 1995 their number had reduced to 170. In the year 2000 the number of municipalities in Iceland was 124 and since 1 January 2013 they are 74.


Government[edit] The municipalities are governed by municipal councils which are directly elected every four years. Municipal elections were last held on 31 May 2014. The sizes of these councils vary from five members in the smallest municipalities to fifteen in the largest one. Most municipalities except for the very small ones hire an executive manager who may or may not be a member of the municipal council. These managers are usually referred to as mayors (bæjarstjóri/borgarstjóri) in the mostly urban municipalities but "municipal manager" (sveitarstjóri) in the rural or mixed municipalities. It is common for these executive managers to be professionally hired and politically independent.


List of municipalities[edit] Number Name Region Population (1 January 2015) Area (km²) Mayor/Manager Party 0000 Reykjavíkurborg Capital Region 121,822 273 Dagur Bergþóruson Eggertsson Social Democratic Alliance 1000 Kópavogsbær Capital Region 33,205 80 Ármann Kristinn Ólafsson Independence Party 1100 Seltjarnarneskaupstaður Capital Region 4,411 2 Ásgerður Halldórsdóttir Independence Party 1300 Garðabær Capital Region 14,453 76 Gunnar Einarsson Independence Party 1400 Hafnarfjarðarkaupstaður Capital Region 27,875 143 Haraldur L. Haraldsson independent 1604 Mosfellsbær Capital Region 9,300 185 Haraldur Sverrisson Independence Party 1606 Kjósarhreppur Capital Region 216 284 Guðný Guðrún Ívarsdóttir independent 2000 Reykjanesbær Southern Peninsula 14,924 145 Kjartan Már Kjartansson independent 2300 Grindavíkurbær Southern Peninsula 2,995 425 Róbert Ragnarsson independent 2503 Sandgerðisbær Southern Peninsula 1,580 62 Sigrún Árnadóttir independent 2504 Sveitarfélagið Garður Southern Peninsula 1,425 21 Magnús Stefánsson independent 2506 Sveitarfélagið Vogar Southern Peninsula 1,102 165 Ásgeir Eiríksson independent 3000 Akraneskaupstaður Western Region 6,767 9 Regína Ásvaldsdóttir independent 3506 Skorradalshreppur Western Region 62 216 Árni Hjörleifsson independent 3511 Hvalfjarðarsveit Western Region 635 482 Björgvin Helgason independent 3609 Borgarbyggð Western Region 3,539 4,926 Björn Bjarki Þorsteinsson Independence Party 3709 Grundarfjarðarbær Western Region 900 148 Eyþór Garðarsson 3710 Helgafellssveit Western Region 53 243 Sif Matthíasdóttir independent 3711 Stykkishólmsbær Western Region 1,107 10 Sturla Böðvarsson Independence Party 3713 Eyja- og Miklaholtshreppur Western Region 144 383 Eggert Kjartansson independent 3714 Snæfellsbær Western Region 1,679 684 Kristinn Jónasson independent 3811 Dalabyggð Western Region 680 2,421 Jóhannes Haukur Hauksson independent 4100 Bolungarvíkurkaupstaður Westfjords 923 109 Elías Jónatansson independent 4200 Ísafjarðarbær Westfjords 3,629 2,379 Gísli Halldór Halldórsson independent 4502 Reykhólahreppur Westfjords 268 1,090 Karl Kristjánsson independent 4604 Tálknafjarðarhreppur Westfjords 305 176 Indriði Indriðason independent 4607 Vesturbyggð Westfjords 1,002 1,339 Ásthildur Sturludóttir Independence Party 4803 Súðavíkurhreppur Westfjords 204 749 Pétur G. Markan independent 4901 Árneshreppur Westfjords 54 707 Eva Sigurbjörnsdóttir independent 4902 Kaldrananeshreppur Westfjords 112 387 Finnur Ólafsson independent 4911 Strandabyggð Westfjords 473 1,906 Jón Gísli Jónsson 5200 Sveitarfélagið Skagafjörður Northwestern Region 3,910 4,180 Ásta Björg Pálmadóttir independent 5508 Húnaþing vestra Northwestern Region 1,171 3,019 Guðný Hrund Karlsdóttir independent 5604 Blönduósbær Northwestern Region 861 183 Arnar Þór Sævarsson independent 5609 Sveitarfélagið Skagaströnd Northwestern Region 488 53 Magnús B. Jónsson independent 5611 Skagabyggð Northwestern Region 99 489 Vignir Ásmundur Sveinsson independent 5612 Húnavatnshreppur Northwestern Region 414 3,817 Einar Kristján Jónsson independent 5706 Akrahreppur Northwestern Region 194 1,364 Agnar Halldór Gunnarsson independent 6000 Akureyrarkaupstaður Northeastern Region 18,191 138 Eiríkur Björn Björgvinsson L-listinn 6100 Norðurþing Northeastern Region 2,806 3,729 Kristján Þór Magnússon independent 6250 Fjallabyggð Northeastern Region 2,037 364 Gunnar Ingi Birgisson independent 6400 Dalvíkurbyggð Northeastern Region 1,861 598 Bjarni Th. Bjarnason Progressive Party 6513 Eyjafjarðarsveit Northeastern Region 1,032 1,775 Karl Frímannsson independent 6515 Hörgársveit Northeastern Region 567 893 Snorri Finnlaugsson independent 6601 Svalbarðsstrandarhreppur Northeastern Region 414 55 Eiríkur H. Hauksson independent 6602 Grýtubakkahreppur Northeastern Region 364 432 Þröstur Friðfinnsson independent 6607 Skútustaðahreppur Northeastern Region 395 6,036 Jón Óskar Pétursson independent 6611 Tjörneshreppur Northeastern Region 59 199 Steinþór Heiðarsson independent 6612 Þingeyjarsveit Northeastern Region 920 5,988 Dagbjört Jónsdóttir independent 6706 Svalbarðshreppur Northeastern Region 98 1,155 Sigurður Þór Guðmundsson independent 6709 Langanesbyggð Northeastern Region 513 1,332 Elías Pétursson independent 7000 Seyðisfjarðarkaupstaður Eastern Region 653 213 Vilhjálmur Jónsson Progressive Party 7300 Fjarðabyggð Eastern Region 4,747 1,164 Páll Björgvin Guðmundsson independent 7502 Vopnafjarðarhreppur Eastern Region 674 1,903 Ólafur Áki Ragnarsson independent 7505 Fljótsdalshreppur Eastern Region 75 1,516 Gunnþórunn Ingólfsdóttir independent 7509 Borgarfjarðarhreppur Eastern Region 135 441 Jón Þórðarson independent 7613 Breiðdalshreppur Eastern Region 186 452 Páll Baldursson independent 7617 Djúpavogshreppur Eastern Region 422 1,133 Gauti Jóhannesson independent 7620 Fljótsdalshérað Eastern Region 3,454 8,884 Björn Ingimarsson independent 7708 Sveitarfélagið Hornafjörður Eastern Region 2,150 6,280 Björn Ingi Jónsson Independence Party 8000 Vestmannaeyjabær Southern Region 4,272 17 Elliði Vignisson Independence Party 8200 Sveitarfélagið Árborg Southern Region 8,052 158 Ásta Stefánsdóttir Independence Party 8508 Mýrdalshreppur Southern Region 480 755 Ásgeir Magnússon independent 8509 Skaftárhreppur Southern Region 460 6,946 Eygló Kristjánsdóttir independent 8610 Ásahreppur Southern Region 216 2,942 Egill Sigurðsson independent 8613 Rangárþing eystra Southern Region 1,749 1,841 Ísólfur Gylfi Pálmason Progressive Party 8614 Rangárþing ytra Southern Region 1,548 3,188 Ágúst Sigurðsson Independence Party 8710 Hrunamannahreppur Southern Region 794 1,375 Jón G. Valgeirsson independent 8716 Hveragerðisbær Southern Region 2,384 9 Aldís Hafsteinsdóttir Independence Party 8717 Sveitarfélagið Ölfus Southern Region 1,885 737 Gunnsteinn R. Ómarsson independent 8719 Grímsnes- og Grafningshreppur Southern Region 431 900 Ingibjörg Harðardóttir independent 8720 Skeiða- og Gnúpverjahreppur Southern Region 518 2,231 Kristófer Tómasson independent 8721 Bláskógabyggð Southern Region 961 3,300 Valtýr Valtýsson independent 8722 Flóahreppur Southern Region 616 289 Eydís Þ. Indriðadóttir independent — — — 329,100 102,698 — —


See also[edit] List of cities and towns in Iceland Constituencies of Iceland List of the most populated municipalities in the Nordic countries


References[edit] ^ http://www.samband.is/media/enska/sameining-sveitarfelaga-1950-2010_Engl.pdf


External links[edit] Maps of the municipalities CityMayors article v t e Municipalities of Iceland Capital Region Garðabær Hafnarfjarðarkaupstaður Kjósarhreppur Kópavogsbær Mosfellsbær Reykjavíkurborg Seltjarnarneskaupstaður Southern Peninsula Grindavíkurbær Reykjanesbær Sandgerðisbær Sveitarfélagið Garður Sveitarfélagið Vogar Western Region Akraneskaupstaður Borgarbyggð Dalabyggð Eyja- og Miklaholtshreppur Grundarfjarðarbær Helgafellssveit Hvalfjarðarsveit Skorradalshreppur Snæfellsbær Stykkishólmsbær Westfjords Árneshreppur Bolungarvíkurkaupstaður Ísafjarðarbær Kaldrananeshreppur Reykhólahreppur Strandabyggð Súðavíkurhreppur Tálknafjarðarhreppur Vesturbyggð Northwestern Region Akrahreppur Blönduósbær Húnavatnshreppur Húnaþing vestra Skagabyggð Sveitarfélagið Skagafjörður Sveitarfélagið Skagaströnd Northeastern Region Akureyrarkaupstaður Dalvíkurbyggð Eyjafjarðarsveit Fjallabyggð Grýtubakkahreppur Hörgársveit Langanesbyggð Norðurþing Skútustaðahreppur Svalbarðshreppur Svalbarðsstrandarhreppur Tjörneshreppur Þingeyjarsveit Eastern Region Borgarfjarðarhreppur Breiðdalshreppur Djúpavogshreppur Fjarðabyggð Fljótsdalshérað Fljótsdalshreppur Seyðisfjarðarkaupstaður Vopnafjarðarhreppur Southern Region Ásahreppur Bláskógabyggð Flóahreppur Grímsnes- og Grafningshreppur Hrunamannahreppur Hveragerðisbær Mýrdalshreppur Rangárþing eystra Rangárþing ytra Skaftárhreppur Skeiða- og Gnúpverjahreppur Sveitarfélagið Árborg Sveitarfélagið Hornafjörður Sveitarfélagið Ölfus Vestmannaeyjabær v t e Articles on second-level administrative divisions of European countries Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France1 Georgia2 Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Italy Kazakhstan1 Kosovo3 Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia1 Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey1 Ukraine United Kingdom 1 Has part of its territory outside Europe. 2 Partially or entirely in Asia, depending on the definition of the border. 3 Partially recognised. List of administrative divisions by country Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Municipalities_of_Iceland&oldid=808680589" Categories: Municipalities of IcelandSubdivisions of IcelandLists of municipalitiesLists of country subdivisionsCountry subdivisions in EuropeSecond-level administrative country subdivisionsIceland geography-related lists


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