Contents 1 Constitutional provisions for communities and municipalities 2 Organization of communities and municipalities 3 Participation of citizens in local decision-making 4 Responsibilities of municipal governments 5 Local government finances 6 History of community and municipal governments 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Constitutional provisions for communities and municipalities[edit] This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2012) Article 102 of the Greek constitution outlines the mandate of municipalities and communities and their relationship to the larger State: Municipalities and communities exercise administration of local affairs independently. Leadership of municipalities and communities is elected by universal and secret ballot. Municipalities may voluntarily or be mandated by law to work together to provide certain services, but elected representatives from the participating groups govern these partnerships. The national Greek government supervises local government agencies, but is not to interfere in any local initiatives or actions. The State is required to provide funds necessary to fulfill the mandate of local government agencies.

Organization of communities and municipalities[edit] Administrative division of Greece following the "Kallikratis" reform: each colour denotes a region, regional units are outlined in black, and municipalities in white This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2012) Communities are governed by a community council (simvoulio) made up of 7 to 11 members and led by a community president (proedros kinotitas). A deputy chairperson from a communal quarter (if the community has been further divided) may also take part in council meetings when specific issues of a communal interest are being discussed. A municipal council (dimotiko simvoulio) and town hall committee led by a mayor (dimarchos) governs municipalities. Depending on the size of the municipality, municipal councils are made up of anywhere from 11 to 41 council members representing "municipal departments" (many of which were small communities that had been merged into the municipality). In addition, the council elects 2 to 6 town hall committee members. In the case of mergers, local village or town councils (like communal quarters) may still exist to provide feedback and ideas to the larger governing body. Council members are elected via public election every four years on the basis of a party system. Three-fifths of all seats go to the party winning a plurality of the vote and the remaining two-fifths of the seats go to other parties based on their share of the vote on a proportional basis. The municipal council elects the town hall committee for a term of two years. The State ultimately oversees the actions of local governments, but the Municipal and Communal Code still provides communities and municipalities with legal control over the administration of their designated areas.

Participation of citizens in local decision-making[edit] This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2012) Citizens have very few opportunities for direct participation in decision-making outside the elections held every four years. Beyond national referendums that may be called for critical issues, citizens cannot request local referendums. The only other possibility for direct input by citizens is if the local municipality establishes district councils or if the community president calls a people's assembly to discuss issues of concern. The organization of these public opportunities, however, is solely at the discretion of the community or municipal leadership.

Responsibilities of municipal governments[edit] This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2012) The Municipal and Communal Code (art. 24) states that municipalities and communities have responsibility for the administration of their local jurisdiction as it pertains to the social, financial, cultural and spiritual interests of its citizens. More specifically, communities and municipalities have responsibility for the following: Security and police Fire fighting Civil protection Nurseries and kindergartens Repair and maintenance of all schools, including the issuing of permits Adult education Hospitals and health departments Family and youth services Rest homes Public housing and town planning Water and waste treatment Cemeteries Environmental protection Theatres, museums, libraries Parks, sports and leisure facilities Urban road systems Gas supplies Irrigation Farming and fishing Commerce and tourism Licensing certain business enterprises

Local government finances[edit] This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2012) Revenues come from both ordinary and extraordinary sources. Ordinary revenue is derived from the State budget, property revenues, and established taxes and fees. By law, the State funds first level governments on the basis of a fixed formula: 20% of legal persons’ income tax, 50% of traffic duties and 3% of property transfer duties. For smaller populated communities and municipalities, the State has also allocated additional revenue based on other expenses (e.g. the cost of supplying water, maintaining road networks, and climate). Local governments are required to direct any property or resource fees to related expenses (e.g. drinking water fees must go towards the maintenance and improvement of the water system). Other forms of taxation or fines (e.g. parking fees) can be used wherever the government deems necessary. Extraordinary revenue originates from sources like loans, inheritances, auctions, rents and fines. Income generation is not limited to traditional service sources. Local governments can also initiate or participate in entrepreneurial activities that include a wide range of possible partnerships. Each year communities and municipalities formulate their budgets in terms of expected revenues and expenses. Financial management and auditing is then based on this plan.

History of community and municipal governments[edit] In 1831, the first governor of independent Greece, Ioannis Capodistrias administratively reorganized the Peloponnese into seven departments and the islands into six. These departments were then subdivided into provinces and, in turn, into towns and villages. Opponents to these reforms later assassinated Capodistrias. The Constitution of 1952 (article 99) clearly identified the administrative role of municipal and community authorities. The Constitution of the Hellenic Republic was established in 1975 and in article 102 stated that the first level of government were those of communities and municipalities. Law 1416 was passed in 1984 to reinforce municipal authority over local government. In 1986, the Constitution was modified with the addition of articles 101 and 102 that established local government parameters and relationships. Presidential Decree 410 (Municipal and Communal Code) codified the legislation concerning municipalities and communities in 1995. Law 2539 in 1997, named “Ioannis Kapodistrias,” took 441 municipalities and the 5382 communities and merged them into 900 municipalities and 133 communities. Newly merged municipalities and communities could further subdivide their territory into municipal or communal departments to give some local authority to merged areas. Law 2647 in 1998 transferred responsibilities from the State to local authorities. Law 3852 in 2010, named “Kallikratis,” took the 900 municipalities and the 133 communities and merged them into 325 municipalities. The new municipalities can subdivide their territory into municipal or local communities.

See also[edit] List of municipalities of Greece (2011) Administrative divisions of Greece

References[edit] ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)

External links[edit] "Devolution in Austria" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-09.  Structure and Operation of Local and Regional Democracy in Greece Recent Administrative Reforms in Greece: Attempts Toward Decentralization, Democratic Consolidation and Efficiency CityMayors article v t e Articles on third-level administrative divisions of countries Bangladesh Belgium Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chile China Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Ethiopia Finland France Germany Greece Guinea Haiti India Indonesia district subdistrict Iran Iraq Israel local council city council regional council Italy Ivory Coast Japan Liberia Lebanon Lithuania Luxembourg Mali Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Niger Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Portugal Russia Senegal Sierra Leone Slovakia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Switzerland Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand Togo Ukraine United States Vietnam Zimbabwe List of administrative divisions by country v t e Greek terms for country subdivisions Modern apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§ Historical archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma § signifies a defunct institution Retrieved from "" Categories: Municipalities of GreeceSubdivisions of GreeceCountry subdivisions in EuropeThird-level administrative country subdivisionsLAU 1 statistical regions of the European UnionHidden categories: Articles with Greek-language external linksArticles needing additional references from February 2016All articles needing additional referencesArticles containing Greek-language textWikipedia articles in need of updating from September 2012All Wikipedia articles in need of updating

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages БългарскиCatalàČeštinaEestiΕλληνικάFrançais한국어ItalianoМакедонскиNederlandsNorsk nynorskPolskiРусскийСрпски / srpskiSuomiTürkçe Edit links This page was last edited on 28 October 2017, at 21:17. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.320","walltime":"0.403","ppvisitednodes":{"value":1074,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":69810,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":3785,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":11,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":3,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 348.389 1 -total"," 45.63% 158.986 1 Template:Lang-el"," 15.53% 54.115 1 Template:Refimprove"," 15.05% 52.440 6 Template:Ambox"," 10.99% 38.286 1 Template:Politics_of_Greece"," 10.34% 36.013 1 Template:Sidebar_with_collapsible_lists"," 9.03% 31.473 5 Template:Update"," 7.47% 26.026 1 Template:Cite_web"," 6.44% 22.435 6 Template:Main_other"," 6.42% 22.370 1 Template:Reflist"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.213","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":11466185,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1245","timestamp":"20180222082659","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":81,"wgHostname":"mw1332"});});

Municipalities_and_communities_of_Greece - Photos and All Basic Informations

Municipalities_and_communities_of_Greece More Links

Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalGreecePolitics Of GreeceConstitution Of GreeceConstitutional History Of GreecePolitics Of GreecePresident Of GreeceList Of Heads Of State Of GreeceProkopis PavlopoulosPresidential Departments (Greece)Prime Minister Of GreeceList Of Prime Ministers Of GreeceAlexis TsiprasCabinet Of GreeceList Of Cabinets Of GreeceHellenic ParliamentSpeaker Of The Hellenic ParliamentNikos VoutsisPresidium Of The Hellenic ParliamentConference Of Presidents (Greece)Parliamentary Committees (Greece)Judicial System Of GreeceSupreme Special Court (Greece)Court Of Cassation (Greece)Council Of State (Greece)Chamber Of Accounts (Greece)Administrative Divisions Of GreeceModern Regions Of GreeceElections In GreeceList Of Political Parties In GreeceList Of Parliamentary Constituencies Of GreeceGreek Legislative Election, September 2015Greek Legislative Election, January 2015European Parliament Election, 2014 (Greece)Greek Local Elections, 2014Greek Legislative Election, June 2012Foreign Relations Of GreeceMinistry Of Foreign Affairs (Greece)Minister For Foreign Affairs (Greece)List Of Foreign Ministers Of GreeceList Of Diplomatic Missions Of GreeceList Of Diplomatic Missions In GreeceGreek PassportVisa Requirements For Greek CitizensEconomy Of GreeceHistory Of GreeceHistory Of The Hellenic RepublicHellenic Armed ForcesPortal:GreeceOutline Of Political ScienceTemplate:Politics Of GreeceTemplate Talk:Politics Of GreeceGreeceGreek LanguageKallikratis ReformModern Regions Of GreeceRegional Units Of GreeceMunicipalityEnlargeKapodistrias ReformList Of Municipalities Of Greece (2011)Administrative Divisions Of GreeceTemplate:Articles On Third-level Administrative Divisions Of CountriesTemplate Talk:Articles On Third-level Administrative Divisions Of CountriesAdministrative DivisionList Of Sovereign StatesUpazilas Of BangladeshArrondissements Of BelgiumMunicipalities Of BoliviaMunicipalities Of Bosnia And HerzegovinaDepartments Of Burkina FasoCommunes Of CambodiaCommunes Of CameroonCommunes Of ChileCounties Of The People's Republic Of ChinaList Of Districts Of Costa RicaDepartments Of Ivory CoastList Of Municipalities Of The Dominican RepublicSucos Of East TimorParishes Of EcuadorDistricts Of EthiopiaMunicipalities Of FinlandArrondissements Of FranceMunicipalities Of GermanySub-prefectures Of GuineaList Of Communes Of HaitiTehsils Of IndiaList Of Districts Of IndonesiaList Of Subdistricts Of IndonesiaBakhshSubdistricts Of IraqLocal Council (Israel)City Council (Israel)Regional Council (Israel)ComuneDepartments Of Ivory CoastMunicipalities Of JapanClans Of LiberiaMunicipalities Of LebanonElderships Of LithuaniaCommunes Of LuxembourgArrondissements Of MaliList Of Municipalities, Communes, And Arrondissements Of MoroccoPostos Of MozambiqueTownships Of MyanmarList Of Districts Of NepalCommunes Of NigerCorregimientos Of PanamaDistricts And LLGs Of Papua New GuineaDistricts Of PeruBarangayList Of Parishes Of PortugalCategory:Third-level Administrative Divisions Of RussiaArrondissements Of SenegalChiefdoms Of Sierra LeoneList Of Municipalities And Towns In SlovakiaMunicipalities Of South AfricaMunicipalities Of SpainDivisional Secretariats Of Sri LankaMunicipalities Of SwitzerlandMunicipalities Of TaiwanJamoats Of TajikistanTambonCantons Of TogoPopulated Places In UkraineMinor Civil DivisionCommune-level Subdivisions (Vietnam)Wards Of ZimbabweList Of Administrative Divisions By CountryTemplate:Greek Terms For Country SubdivisionsTemplate Talk:Greek Terms For Country SubdivisionsGreek LanguageAdministrative DivisionDecentralized Administrations Of GreeceGovernor-generalGeographic Regions Of GreeceAdministrative Regions Of GreecePrefectures Of GreeceRegional Units Of GreeceProvinces Of GreeceArchonBandon (Byzantine Empire)DemeDespot (court Title)Roman DioceseDuxDroungosEparchyExarchKatepanoKephale (Byzantine Empire)Kleisoura (Byzantine District)MeridarchNaucrarySatrapStrategosTheme (Byzantine District)ToparchesTurmaHelp:CategoryCategory:Municipalities Of GreeceCategory:Subdivisions Of GreeceCategory:Country Subdivisions In EuropeCategory:Third-level Administrative Country SubdivisionsCategory:LAU 1 Statistical Regions Of The European UnionCategory:Articles With Greek-language External LinksCategory:Articles Needing Additional References From February 2016Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:Articles Containing Greek-language TextCategory:Wikipedia Articles In Need Of Updating From September 2012Category:All Wikipedia Articles In Need Of UpdatingDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link