Contents 1 Concept 2 Appearances 2.1 Oz Books by Frank Baum 2.2 In the 1939 film 2.2.1 Actors and actresses 2.2.2 Child actresses 2.3 In other media 3 Reception 4 Notes 5 References


Concept[edit] Baum never explained where the term came from, but Baum researcher Brian Attebery has hypothesized that there might be a connection to the Münchner Kindl, the emblem of the Bavarian city of Munich (spelled München in German).[citation needed] The symbol was originally a 13th-century statue of a monk, looking down from the town hall in Munich. Over the years, the image was reproduced many times, for instance as a figure on beer steins, and eventually evolved into a child wearing a pointed hood. Baum's family had German origins, suggesting that Baum could have seen one such reproduction in his childhood. It is also possible that "Munchkin" came from the German word "Männchen", which means "mannikin" or "little figure". In 1900, Baum published a book about window displays in which he stressed the importance of mannequins in attracting customers.[1]


Appearances[edit] Oz Books by Frank Baum[edit] "she noticed coming down toward her a group of the queerest people she had ever seen. They were not as big as the grown folk she had always been used to; but neither were they very small. In fact, they seemed about as tall as Dorothy, who was a well-grown child for her age, although they were, so far as looks go, many years older." - L. Frank Baum The munchkins are first mentioned (quote shown) in an excerpt from chapter two of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, titled "The Council with the Munchkins". Dorothy initially meets three of them, along with the Good Witch of the North. The munchkins are shown to be grateful towards Dorothy for killing their now former ruler the Wicked Witch of the East. These characters were not confined to Baum's first work though, as minor and major individual characters appear throughout the series. In The Tin Woodman of Oz, Nimmie Amee is revealed to be the "munchkin maiden" whom the Tin Woodman once loved. The background story of the couple is mentioned in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.[2] The munchkin Unc Nunkie first appears in The Patchwork Girl of Oz where he is accidently turned to stone, his nephew Ojo goes on a quest in search of an antidote. Nunkie later appears in Jack Pumpkinhead of Oz, where he is captured while trying to warn others of an invasion. Jinjur is the antagonist in the book The Marvelous Land of Oz where she seeks to overthrow the Scarecrow and take over the Emerald City. Jinjur makes a brief appearance in Ozma of Oz, and is later a more prominent character in The Tin Woodman of Oz. In the 1939 film[edit] The Munchkins (specifically the "Lollipop Guild") as depicted in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. L-R: Jackie Gerlich, Jerry Maren and Harry Doll The 1939 movie musical The Wizard of Oz was loosely based on Baum's novel. Notable differences of the munchkins include their county name of Munchkinland, and their clothes of many colors instead of an all-blue attire. In the musical the Munchkins are mostly portrayed by adult actors with dwarfism, a few average-sized children were also included as background extras.[3] In the musical, the Munchkins first appear when Dorothy and Toto arrive in the Land of Oz after her house lands on the Wicked Witch of the East. The Munchkins hide from all the commotion until Glinda the Good Witch arrives reassuring them that everything is okay. Dorothy tells them how she arrived in the Land of Oz (through a musical number) and the Munchkins celebrate. To make it official, the Mayor of Munchkinland and his assistant have to make sure that the Wicked Witch of the East is really dead before the celebration continues. The coroner confirms this to the mayor by saying that the witch is "not merely dead", but is indeed "most sincerely dead" while showing the Certificate of Death. The Munchkins then celebrate further as Dorothy receives gifts from the Lullaby League, and the Lollipop Guild. Near the end of the song, the Wicked Witch of the West arrives which causes the Munchkins to panic. After the Wicked Witch of the West leaves, Glinda tells Dorothy to follow the Yellow brick road to the Emerald City as the Munchkins guide her out of Munchkinland. On November 20, 2007, the Munchkins were given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Seven of the surviving Munchkin actors from the film were present. As a result of the popularity of the 1939 film, the word "munchkin" has entered the English language as a reference to small children, persons with dwarfism, or anything of diminutive stature. Actors and actresses[edit] The following is a list of actors who portrayed the Munchkins in the 1939 film. Most of the dwarfs hired were acquired for MGM by Leo Singer, the proprietor of Singer's Midgets.[4] A Daily Variety news story from August 17, 1938 stated that 124 munchkins had been signed on to play the munchkins, however modern sources place the number either at 122 or 124. An additional dozen or so child actresses of average size were hired to make up for the shortage of little people that the studio found to appear in the film.[3] At least one munchkin actor named Dale Paullin (stage name: "Paul Dale") did not make the final cut for the movie.[5] Only two munchkin actors (Joseph Koziel and Frank Cucksey) used their actual voices for the dialogue exchanged with Dorothy where she is given the flowers. The rest of the voices such as the "munchkin chorus" were created by studio voices recorded at a slow speed.[6] In 1989, author Stephen Cox researched, found, and wrote about the surviving Munchkin actors fifty years after they made the film. He wrote about them in his book, The Munchkins Remember (1989, E.P. Dutton) which was later revised as The Munchkins of Oz (Cumberland House), and his book remained in print for nearly two decades. When he wrote the book, 33 of the actors with dwarfism who appeared in the film were still alive and were interviewed. Today, Jerry Maren, who played the green "lollipop guild" member, is the last living Munchkin actor. Note: Some of the information presented in the table below may never be complete as social security records remain sparse prior to the mid-twentieth century. Actor Born Died Part(s) played Source Gladys W. Allison Unknown Unknown Played a villager [7] John Ballas 1903 Unknown Played a villager [8][9] Franz Balluck 1913 1987 Played a villager [7][10] Josefine Balluck 1908 1984 Played a villager [11][12][13] John T. Bambury 1891 1960 Played a soldier [14] Charlie Becker 1887 1968 Played "The Mayor of Munchkinland" [14][15] Freda Betsky 1916A Unknown Played a villager [7][16] Henry Boers 1896 Unknown Played a villager [17] Theodore Boers 1894 1945 Played a villager [17][18] Christie Buresh 1907 1979 Played a villager [19] Eddie Buresh 1909 1982 Played a villager [19] Lida Buresh 1906 1970 Played a villager [8][19] Mickey Carroll 1919 2009 Played a fiddler, a town crier, and a soldier [20] Casper "Colonel" Balsam UnknownB UnknownB Played a villager [8] Nona A. Cooper 1875 1953 Played a villager [7][21][22] Thomas J. Cottonaro 1914 2001 Played a villager [7][23] Elizabeth Coulter Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Lewis Croft 1919 2008 Played a soldier [24] Frank Cucksey 1919 1984 Played the villager that gives Dorothy some flowers [25][26] Billy Curtis 1909 1988 Played the BraggartC [27] Eugene S. David, Jr. Unknown Unknown Played a fiddler [28] Eulie H. David Unknown Unknown Played a soldier [28] Ethel W. Denis 1894 1968 Played a villager [8][29][30] Prince Denis 1892 1984 Played the Sergeant-at-ArmsD [29][31] Hazel I. Derthick 1906 1989 Played a villager [32] Daisy Earles 1907 1980 Played a "munchkin maiden" [33] Gracie Doll Earles 1899 1970 Played a "munchkin maiden" [33] Harry Doll Earles 1902 1985 Blue member of The Lollipop Guild [33][34] Tiny Doll Earles 1914 2004 Played a "munchkin maiden" [33] Major Doyle ("James D. Doyle") 1869 1940 Played a villager [8][31] Ruth Robinson Duccini 1918 2014 Played a villager [35] Carl M. Erickson 1917 1958 Played the 2nd Trumpeter [8][36] Fern Formica 1925 1995 Played a villager and a "sleepyhead" [37][38] Addie Eva Frank Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Thaisa L. Gardner 1909 1968 Played a villager [8] Jakob "Jackie" Gerlich 1917 1960 Red member of The Lollipop Guild [31][39] William A. Giblin 1916 1985 Played a soldier [40] Jack S. Glicken 1900 1950 Played a city father [41] Carolyn E. Granger 1915 1973 Played a villager [8][42] Donna Jean J. Stewart Hardaway 1933 2008 Played a villagerE [43] Joseph Herbst UnknownF 1989 Played a soldier [8][44] Jakob Hofbauer 1898 UnknownG Played a soldier [31] Clarence C. Howerton ("Major Mite") 1913 1975 Played the 3rd Trumpeter [45][46] Helen M. Hoy 1898 1945 Played a villager [8][47] Marguerite A. Hoy Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] James R. Hulse, IV 1915 1964 Played a villager [8][31][48] Robert Kanter Unknown Unknown Played a soldier [7] Charles E. Kelley Unknown Unknown Played a soldier [7] Jessie E. Kelley ("Jessie Becker") 1907 1968 Played a villager [8][49] Frank Kikel Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Bernard Klima ("Harry") 1897 1957 Played a villager [25][50] Mitzi Koestner Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Emma Koestner Unknown Unknown Played a villager [3][8] Willi Koestner Unknown Unknown Played a soldier [8][51] Adam Edwin Kozicki ("Eddie Adams") Unknown Unknown Played a fiddler [8][52] Joseph J. Koziel Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8][53] Dolly F. Kramer 1904 1995 Played a villager [8][17] Emil Kranzler 1910 1993 Played a villager [8][54] Nita Krebs 1905 1991 Member of The Lullaby League and a villager [25][55] Jeane LaBarbera ("Little Jean") 1909 1993 Played a villager [56] Hilda Lange Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] John Leal ("Johnny") 1905 1996 Played a villager [8][57] Ann Rice Leslie 1900 1973 Played a villager [8][58] Charles Ludwig 1889 1941 Played a villager [8][59][60] Dominick Magro 1909 1959 Played a villager [61][62] Carlos Manzo 1914 1955 Played a villager [8][63] Howard Marco 1884H Unknown Played a villager [8][64] Jerry Maren 1920 Living Green member of The Lollipop Guild [65] Bela Matina ("Mike Rogers") 1901 1954 Played a villager [7][66][67] Lajos Matina ("Leo") 1901 Unknown Played a villager [7][68] Matyus Matina ("Ike Rogers") 1901 Unknown Played a villager [7][68][66] Walter M. B. Miller 1906 1987 Played a soldier and a flying monkey [8][31] George Ministeri 1913 1986 Played the coachman and a villager [8][31] Harry Monty 1904 1999 Played a villager and a flying monkey [69] Yvonne Bistany Moray 1917 Unknown Member of The Lullaby League and a villager [7][31] Johnny Maroldo ("Johnny Winters") 1905 1985 Played The Commander of the Navy [31] Marie Bernadet Maroldo ("Marie Winters") 1901 1979 Played a villager [31] Olga C. Nardone 1921 2010 Member of The Lullaby League, a sleepyhead, and a villager [70] Nels P. Nelson 1918 1994 Played a villager [8][71] Margaret C. Nickloy ("Princess Marguerite") 1902 1961 Played a villager [3][72] Franklin H. O'Baugh 1922 1963 Played a soldier [73][74] William H. O'Docharty 1920 1988 Played the coach footman and a villager [8][31][75] Hildred C. Olson Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Frank Packard Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Nicholas Page ("Nicky") 1904 1978 Played a soldier and a city father [3][8][31] Leona Megest Parks ("Duchess") 1897 Unknown Played a villager [17] Margaret Williams Pellegrini 1923 2013 Played a "sleepyhead" and the "flower pot munchkin" [37][76] Johnny Pizo Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Leon Polinsky ("Prince Leon") 1918 1965 Played a villager [8][77][78] Meinhardt Raabe 1915 2010 Played the coroner [79] Margaret Raia 1928 2003 Played a villager [80] Matthew Raia Unknown Unknown Played a city father [80] Friedrich Retter ("Freddie") 1899 Unknown Played a fiddler and villager [8][81] Billy Rhodes ("Little Billy") 1895 1967 Played the barrister [82][83] Gertrude H. Rice Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Hazel Rice Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Sandor Roka 1899 Unknown Played a villager [8][84] Charles F. Wojnarski Royal 1900 1947 Played a soldier [8][85] Helen J. Wojnarski Royal 1897 1958 Played a villager [8][85] Stella A. Wojnarski Royal 1903 1959 Played a villager [85] Albert Ruddinger Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Elsie R. Schultz 1892 1987 Played a villager [8][31] Charles Silvern 1902 1976 Played a villager [8][86] Garland Slatton ("Earl") 1917 1995 Played a soldier [17][87] Karl Slover 1918 2011 Played the lead trumpeter, a soldier, a "sleepyhead", and a villager [88][89] Ruth E. Smith Unknown 1985 Played a villager [5][8] Elmer Spangler 1910 Unknown Played a villager [8][90] Pernell St. Aubin 1922 1987 Played a soldier [25][91] Carl Stephan Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Alta M. Stevens 1913 1989 Played a villager [8][31] George Suchsie Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Charlotte V. Sullivan Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Clarence Swensen 1917 2009 Played a soldier [92] Betty Tanner 1916 1994 Played a villager [31][93] Arnold Vierling 1919 1949 Played a villager [8][31][94] Gus Wayne 1920 1998 Played a soldier [95] Victor Wetter 1902 1990 Played the Captain of the Army [3][8][31] Grace G. Williams Unknown Unknown Played a villager [8] Harvey B. Williams Unknown Unknown Played a soldier [8] Gladys V. Wolff 1911 1984 Played a villager [31][8] Murray Wood 1908 1999 Played a city father [8][96] From left: Jerry Maren (Lollipop Guild), Karl Slover, Clarence Swensen and Margaret Pellegrini (1998) Child actresses[edit] A dozen or so children of average height were hired so they could be used for background fill. Of these child actresses, five are known to still be living.[97][98] Actor Born Died Part(s) played Source Betty Ann Cain Bruno 1931 Living Child actress [97][99][100] Priscilla Ann Montgomery Clark 1929 Living Child actress [99][100][101] Joan Kenmore 1931 Living Child actress [97][99][100][98] Eva Lee Kuney 1934 2015 Child actress [7][102] Rae-Nell Laskey 1930 1991 Child actress [103] Elaine Mirk Unknown Living Child actress [98] Valerie Lee Shepard Unknown Unknown Child actress [3][98] Ardith Dondanville Todd 1930 Living Child actress [97][99][100] Shirley Ann Kennedy Vegors 1932 2005 Child actress [104] Viola White Banks 1931 2000 Child actress [3][31] In other media[edit] The Munchkins appeared in The Wiz and were played by children and teenagers. In The Muppets' Wizard of Oz, the Munchkins were played by Rizzo the Rat (who portrayed the Mayor of Munchkinland) and his fellow rats. The Munchkins appeared in Dorothy and the Witches of Oz. They were brought to Earth by Glinda in order to combat the forces of the Wicked Witch of the West. The Munchkins appear in Oz the Great and Powerful. They alongside the Quadlings and the Tinkers as inhabitants of Glinda's protectorate. Although the film is not otherwise a musical, the Munchkins sing and dance much as they do in the 1939 film. The Munchkins appear in the television series Once Upon a Time. The Munchkins appear in more than one skit on Mad TV where the 1939 film is parodied. The actors are played by people with dwarfism. The Munchkins appear at the end of Return to Oz celebrating Dorothy's return after defeating the Nome King.


Reception[edit] This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2018)


Notes[edit] A.^ This year is based off the date on the paper, Freda Betsky (33 at the time) was either born in 1915 or 1916. B.^ Find A Grave has Casper's lifespan as 1904–1968 but the page is at a bare minimum with no reliable secondary source(s) to back up this info. C.^ The "Braggart" can be heard saying: "and ohhhh what happened then was rich". D.^ It was falsely reported in 1984 that Prince played the role of the Munchkin Mayor.[31] E.^ Donna Jean Johnson Stewart-Hardaway was either billed as a Munchkin or was a child actress. F.^ There was a person named "Joseph Herbst" who was born in 1908, but the death is recorded in 1993. While the residence (Joliet, IL) matches up with the munchkin actor, there is no conclusive link.[105] G.^ According to Stephen Cox it is unknown what became of Jakob Hofbauer, he is rumored to have died in the late 1950s.[31] H.^ Howard Marco was listed at 58 years old on May 9, 1942. As such, Marco was either born in 1883 or 1884.


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Biblo & Tannen Publishers. p. 238.  ^ Walter Bodin, Burnet Hershey. It's a Small World: All about Midgets. Coward-McCann. p. 289.  ^ a b c "Wojnarski family midgets". www.phreeque.com. Archived from the original on 26 September 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2017.  ^ "Hello Again" (PDF). www.otrr.org. May 1979. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 22, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2017.  ^ "Garland "Earl" Slatten". Find A Grave. Retrieved July 8, 2017.  ^ "Munchkins Get Star on Hollywood Walk of Fame". Fox News. November 21, 2007. Archived from the original on January 10, 2017. Retrieved April 21, 2017.  ^ "Karl Slover dies at 93; among the last of the Munchkins". Los Angeles Times. November 17, 2011. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved February 27, 2016.  ^ "Elmer Spangler professes". Detroit Free Press. August 22, 1933. p. 1. Retrieved July 9, 2017.  ^ "The Midget Club". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2016.  ^ Banta, Bob (February 26, 2009). "Former Munchkin dies at 91". Austin-American Statesman. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2017.  ^ "8 Munchkins Find There Is No Place Like Kansas". Orlando Sentinel. May 10, 1992. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2016.  ^ "Arnold J "Sonny" Vierling". Find A Grave. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ "Midget actor appeared in 'Wizard of Oz'". Variety. March 2, 1998. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved February 27, 2016.  ^ Harris M. Lentz III. Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 1999. McFarland. p. 239. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ a b c d Debbie L. Sklar (November 17, 2011). "Local 'Wizard of Oz' Child Actress Remembers Munchkin, Karl Slover, 93, Who Died Tuesday". patch.com. Retrieved February 26, 2016.  ^ a b c d Debbie L. Sklar (May 11, 2011). "Life Beyond the Yellow Brick Road". patch.com. Retrieved February 26, 2016.  ^ a b c d "Child actors recall joining Munchkin ranks in 'Oz'". Archived from the original on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 22 January 2014.  ^ a b c d "Meet Joan Kenmore who once danced on the yellow brick road". www.allvoices.com. Archived from the original on 28 November 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.  ^ "'The Wizard of Oz' 3D Screening in LA". Retrieved 22 January 2014.  ^ "Eva Feldman". Las Vegas Review Journal. Retrieved March 2, 2016.  ^ David J. Hogan (June 1, 2014). The Wizard of Oz FAQ: All That's Left to Know About Life, According to Oz. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. ISBN 9781480397194.  ^ "Shirley Ann Kennedy Vegors Obituary". www.legacy.com. Retrieved 2014-11-26.  ^ "Joseph L. Herbst". Find A Grave. Retrieved July 5, 2017.  v t e The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Canonical books L. Frank Baum The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) The Marvelous Land of Oz (1904) Ozma of Oz (1907) Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz (1908) The Road to Oz (1909) The Emerald City of Oz (1910) The Patchwork Girl of Oz (1913) Tik-Tok of Oz (1914) The Scarecrow of Oz (1915) Rinkitink in Oz (1916) The Lost Princess of Oz (1917) The Tin Woodman of Oz (1918) The Magic of Oz (1919) Glinda of Oz (1920) Ruth Plumly Thompson The Royal Book of Oz (1921) Kabumpo in Oz (1922) The Cowardly Lion of Oz (1923) Grampa in Oz (1924) The Lost King of Oz (1925) The Hungry Tiger of Oz (1926) The Gnome King of Oz (1927) The Giant Horse of Oz (1928) Jack Pumpkinhead of Oz (1929) The Yellow Knight of Oz (1930) Pirates in Oz (1931) The Purple Prince of Oz (1932) Ojo in Oz (1933) Speedy in Oz (1934) The Wishing Horse of Oz (1935) Captain Salt in Oz (1936) Handy Mandy in Oz (1937) The Silver Princess in Oz (1938) Ozoplaning with the Wizard of Oz (1939) Others The Wonder City of Oz (1940) The Scalawagons of Oz (1941) Lucky Bucky in Oz (1942) The Magical Mimics in Oz (1946) The Shaggy Man of Oz (1949) The Hidden Valley of Oz (1951) Merry Go Round in Oz (1963) Yankee in Oz (1972) The Enchanted Island of Oz (1976) The Forbidden Fountain of Oz (1980) The Ozmapolitan of Oz (1986) The Wicked Witch of Oz (1993) The Giant Garden of Oz (1993) The Runaway in Oz (1995) The Rundelstone of Oz (2000) The Emerald Wand of Oz (2005) Trouble Under Oz (2006) Alternate Dorothy of Oz (1989) Locations and elements Land of Oz Emerald City Munchkin Country Gillikin Country Winkie Country Quadling Country Yellow brick road Oogaboo Deadly Desert Nonestica Forest of Burzee Land of Ev Merryland Mo Ix Nome Kingdom Noland Ruby slippers Silver Shoes The Oz Film Manufacturing Company Characters Dorothy Gale Toto Princess Ozma The Wizard of Oz Scarecrow Tin Woodman Cowardly Lion Jack Pumpkinhead Tik-Tok Sawhorse Trot Hungry Tiger Good Witch of the North Glinda, the Good Witch of the South Wicked Witch of the West Wicked Witch of the East Aunt Em Uncle Henry Betsy Bobbin Billina Boq Button-Bright Cap'n Bill Eureka Herby Jellia Jamb Jenny Jump Jinjur Jinnicky the Red Jinn John Dough Kabumpo Mombi Munchkins Nome King Ojo the Lucky Pastoria Patchwork Girl Peter Brown Pigasus Polychrome Queen Lurline Shaggy Man Soldier with the Green Whiskers Winged monkeys Woggle-Bug Other writers Authors John R. Neill Jack Snow Rachel Cosgrove Payes Eloise Jarvis McGraw Dick Martin Alexander Volkov Gregory Maguire Sherwood Smith Roger S. Baum Illustrators William Wallace Denslow Frank Kramer Dirk Gringhuis Dick Martin Eric Shanower William Stout Adaptations and other derivative works Films The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) Dorothy and the Scarecrow in Oz (1910) The Land of Oz (1910) John Dough and the Cherub (1910) The Patchwork Girl of Oz (1914) The Magic Cloak of Oz (1914) His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz (1914) The Wizard of Oz (1925) The Wizard of Oz (1933) The Wizard of Oz (1939) Return to Oz (1964) The Wonderful Land of Oz (1969) Ayşecik ve Sihirli Cüceler Rüyalar Ülkesinde (1971) Journey Back to Oz (1974) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1975) The Wiz (1978) The Wizard of Oz (1982) Return to Oz (1985) Dorothy Meets Ozma of Oz (1987) The Dreamer of Oz: The L. Frank Baum Story (1990) Lion of Oz (2000) The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005) Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz (2011) Dorothy and the Witches of Oz (2011) After the Wizard (2011) Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return (2014) Ozland (2014) Guardians of Oz (2015) Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz (2016) Stage The Wizard of Oz (1902) The Woggle-Bug (1905) The Tik-Tok Man of Oz (1913) The Wizard of Oz (1942) The Wiz (1974) The Marvelous Land of Oz (1981) The Wizard of Oz (1987) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (2000) The Wizard of Oz (2011) The Woodsman (2012) Television Tales of the Wizard of Oz (1961) Off to See the Wizard (1967) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1986) The Wizard of Oz (1990) The Oz Kids (1996) Lost in Oz (2002) Once Upon a Time (since 2011) The Wiz Live! (2015) Lost In Oz (2015) Emerald City (2017) Dorothy and the Wizard of Oz (2017) Comics Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz (1904–05) Adventures in Oz (1986–92) The Enchanted Apples of Oz (1986) Oz Squad (1991) Lost Girls (1991–92) Oz (1994) Dorothy of Oz (2006) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (2009) Video games The Wizard of Oz (1993) The Wizard of Oz: Beyond the Yellow Brick Road (2008) Emerald City Confidential (2009) Parodies The Wozard of Iz Os Trapalhões e o Mágico de Oróz The Wonderful Wizard of Ha's Wizard of Odd Reimagining The Wizard of Mars (1965) Hunter (1973) Zardoz (1974) Oz (1976) The Number of the Beast (1980) A Barnstormer in Oz (1982) The Wizard of A.I.D.S. (1987) The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz (1990) Twister (1994) The Dark Tower IV: Wizard and Glass (1997) Tin Man (2007) Dorothy Must Die (2014) The Wicked Will Rise (2015) The Wicked Years Wicked Son of a Witch A Lion Among Men Out of Oz Wicked (musical) Characters Others Rainbow Road to Oz MÄR The Wizard of Oz (pinball) The Wizard of Oz (arcade game) Related The International Wizard of Oz Club The Baum Bugle Category Portal Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Munchkin&oldid=826703796" Categories: Oz (franchise) charactersFictional dwarvesFictional human racesFictional characters introduced in 1900Fictional slavesHidden categories: CS1 maint: Uses authors parameterUse dmy dates from January 2014All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2018Articles to be expanded from February 2018All articles to be expandedArticles with empty sections from February 2018All articles with empty sectionsArticles using small message boxes


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NeillJack Snow (writer)Rachel Cosgrove PayesEloise Jarvis McGrawDick Martin (artist)Alexander Volkov (writer)Gregory MaguireSherwood SmithRoger S. BaumWilliam Wallace DenslowFrank Kramer (artist)Dirk GringhuisDick Martin (artist)Eric ShanowerWilliam StoutAdaptations Of The Wizard Of OzThe Fairylogue And Radio-PlaysThe Wonderful Wizard Of Oz (1910 Film)The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz (1910 Film)The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz (1910 Film)The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz (1910 Film)The Patchwork Girl Of Oz (1914 Film)The Magic Cloak Of OzHis Majesty, The Scarecrow Of OzThe Wizard Of Oz (1925 Film)The Wizard Of Oz (1933 Film)The Wizard Of Oz (1939 Film)Return To Oz (TV Program)The Wonderful Land Of OzAyşecik Ve Sihirli Cüceler Rüyalar ÜlkesindeJourney Back To OzThe Wonderful Wizard Of Oz (1975 Film)The Wiz (film)The Wizard Of Oz (1982 Film)Return To OzDorothy Meets Ozma Of OzThe Dreamer Of Oz: The L. 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