Contents 1 History 2 Other historic designations 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links


History[edit] The outpost was originally established as La Misión Santa Clara de Thamien (or Mission Santa Clara de Thamien, a reference to the Tamyen people) at the Indian village of So-co-is-u-ka (meaning "Laurelwood", located on the Guadalupe River) January 12, 1777. There the Franciscan brothers erected a cross and shelter for worship to bring Christianity to the Ohlone and Costanoan peoples. Floods, fires, and earthquakes damaged many of the early structures and forced relocation to higher ground. The second site is known as Mission Santa Clara de Asís. A subsequent site of the mission dating from 1784 to 1819 is located several hundred yards west of the De La Cruz overpass of the Caltrain track; moreover, several Native American burial sites have been discovered near this subsequent site.[11] The current site, home to the first college in Alta California, dates back to 1828.[3] Initially, there was tension between the people of the mission and those in the nearby Pueblo de San Jose over disputed ownership rights of land and water. The tension was relieved when a road, the Alameda, was built by two hundred Indians to link the communities together.[12] On Sundays, people from San Jose would come to the mission for services, until the building of St. Joseph's Church in 1803. In that year, the mission of Santa Clara reported an Indian population of 1,271. In the same tabular report, its resident priest estimated that 10,000 cattle, 9,500 sheep, 730 horses, 35 mules, and 55 swine were on mission lands, while about 3,000 fanegas of grain (some 220 pounds each of wheat, barley or corn) had been harvested.[citation needed] After the Mexican secularization act of 1833 most of the mission's land and livestock was sold off by Mexico. Most of the buildings continued to be used as a parish church, unlike the other missions in California.[13] In 1850, California became a state, with that change priests of the Jesuit Order took over the Mission Santa Clara de Asís in 1851 from the Franciscans. Father John Nobili, S.J., was put in charge of the mission. He began a college on the mission site in 1851, which grew into Santa Clara University;[14] it is the only mission to become part of a university, and it is also the oldest university in California. Throughout the history of the mission, the bells have rung faithfully every evening, a promise made to King Charles III of Spain when he sent the original bells to the mission in 1777. He asked that the bells be rung each evening at 8:30 in memory of those who had died.[citation needed] In 1861, a new wooden façade with two bell towers was attached over the old adobe front of the building. The interior was widened in 1885 to increase the seating capacity by removing the original adobe nave walls.[15][16] A fire in 1925 destroyed the structure, including the surrounding wall. The church's parochial functions were transferred to the Saint Clare Parish west of the campus. A rebuilt and restored Mission Santa Clara was consecrated in 1929, when it assumed its primary modern function as chapel and centerpiece of the university campus. It is open to visitors every day; the mission museum is located in the university's De Saisset Museum. The original mission cemetery, still used, is located on nearby Lincoln Street.[17][18]


Other historic designations[edit] California Historical Landmark No. 250 – Old sites of Mission Santa Clara de Thamien and the Old Spanish Bridge


See also[edit] San Francisco Bay Area portal Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mission Santa Clara de Asís. Spanish missions in California USNS Mission Santa Clara (AO-132) – a Buenaventura Class fleet oiler built during World War II.


Notes[edit] Mission Santa Clara de Asís circa 1910. ^ Leffingwell, p. 137 ^ Yenne, p. 80 ^ a b Ruscin, p. 196. ^ Leffingwell, p. 137. Though Serra is generally credited with the Mission's founding, it was Father Tomás de la Peña who actually celebrated the first mass at the site. ^ a b Krell, p. 167 ^ Forbes, p. 202 ^ Ruscin, p. 195 ^ a b c Krell, p. 315: as of December 31, 1832; information adapted from Engelhardt's Missions and Missionaries of California. Mission Santa Clara witnessed the greatest number of baptisms, marriages, and burials of any settlement in the Alta California chain. ^ Krell, p. 315: as of December 31, 1832; information adapted from Engelhardt's Missions and Missionaries of California. ^ Ruscin, p. 79 ^ Giglio, p. 3.11-1 ^ Shannon E. Clark, The Alameda: The Beautiful Way, San Jose: Alameda Business Association, 2006, ISBN 978-1-4243-1868-1, p. 2. ^ University, Santa Clara. "Mission Santa Clara de Asís - Santa Clara University".  ^ Fodor's (December 21, 2010). Fodor's Northern California 2011: With Napa, Sonoma, Yosemite, San Francisco & Lake Tahoe. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 48. ISBN 978-1-4000-0503-1. Retrieved December 25, 2011.  ^ Pugh, Teresa (2006). "History of Mission Santa Clara de Asis". Santa Clara University. Retrieved 2013-06-08.  ^ Kimbro, Edna; Costello, Julia G.; Ball, Tevvy (October 20, 2009). The California Missions: History, Art and Preservation. Getty Conservation Institute. ISBN 0-89236-983-3.  ^ Lichtenstein, Bea (2005). "Images of America Series". Cemeteries of Santa Clara. Mount Pleasant, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738530130.  ^ Santa Clara Mission Cemetery. Santa Clara University


References[edit] A view toward the altar of the exquisitely ornate Mission Santa Clara de Asís chapel, circa 1897. Forbes, Alexander (1839). California: A History of Upper and Lower California. Smith, Elder and Co., Cornhill, London.  Giglio, Gary, C., et al. Environmental Impact Report for the General Plan Amendment, Rezoning and Development of a Portion of FMC Corporation's Coleman Avenue Facility, Earth Metrics Inc., September 1988, published by the City of Santa Clara, California. Jones, Terry L. and Kathryn A. Klar (eds.) (2007). California Prehistory: Colonization, Culture, and Complexity. Altimira Press, Landham, MD. ISBN 0-7591-0872-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Leffingwell, Randy (2005). California Missions and Presidios: The History & Beauty of the Spanish Missions. Voyageur Press, Inc., Stillwater, MN. ISBN 0-89658-492-5.  Levy, Richard. (1978). William C. sturrent , and Robert F. Heizer, ed. Handbook of North American Indians. 8 (California). Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. p. 486. ISBN 0-87474-188-2.  Milliken, Randall (1995). A Time of Little Choice: The Disintegration of Tribal Culture in the San Francisco Bay Area 1769–1910. Ballena Press Publication, Menlo Park, CA. ISBN 0-87919-132-5.  Paddison, Joshua (ed.) (1999). A World Transformed: Firsthand Accounts of California Before the Gold Rush. Heyday Books, Berkeley, CA. ISBN 1-890771-13-9. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Ruscin, Terry (1999). Mission Memoirs. Sunbelt Publications, San Diego, CA. ISBN 0-932653-30-8.  Yenne, Bill (2004). The Missions of California. Advantage Publishers Group, San Diego, CA. ISBN 1-59223-319-8. 


External links[edit] Early photographs, sketches of Mission Santa Clara de Asís, via Calisphere, California Digital Library Howser, Huell (December 8, 2000). "California Missions (106)". California Missions. Chapman University Huell Howser Archive.  v t e Franciscan Missions in California San Diego de Alcalá (1769) San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo (1770) San Antonio de Padua (1771) San Gabriel Arcángel (1771) San Luis Obispo de Tolosa (1772) San Francisco de Asís (1776) San Juan Capistrano (1776) Santa Clara de Asís (1777) San Buenaventura (1782) Santa Barbara (1786) La Purísima Concepción (1787) Santa Cruz (1791) Nuestra Señora de la Soledad (1791) San José (1797) San Juan Bautista (1797) San Miguel Arcángel (1797) San Fernando Rey de España (1797) San Luis Rey de Francia (1798) Santa Inés (1804) San Rafael Arcángel (1817) San Francisco Solano (1823) Asistencias Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles (1784) San Pedro y San Pablo (1786) Santa Margarita de Cortona (1787) San Antonio de Pala (1816) Santa Ysabel (1818) Estancias San Francisco Xavier (Castaic) (1804) San Bernardino de Sena (1819) Santa Ana (1820) Las Flores (1823) Military districts First, San Diego (1769) Second, Santa Barbara (1782) Third, Monterey (1770) Fourth, San Francisco (1776) Sonoma Barracks (1836) See also Architecture of the California missions Mission Revival Style architecture California mission clash of cultures El Camino Real List Catholicism portal v t e Roman Catholic Diocese of San Jose in California Parishes, regions, and notable persons Cities Campbell Cupertino Gilroy Los Altos Los Gatos Milpitas Morgan Hill Mountain View Palo Alto San Jose Santa Clara Saratoga Sunnyvale Parishes Saint Athanasius Parish Saint Clare Parish Five Wounds Portuguese National Parish Saint Frances Cabrini Parish Holy Cross Church Cathedral Basilica of St. Joseph Saint Joseph Parish Saint Joseph of Cupertino Parish Saint Julie Billiart Parish Our Lady of La Vang Parish Saint Leo the Great Parish Saint Lucy Parish Saint Martin of Tours Parish Our Lady of Peace Shrine Sacred Heart Church Saint Thomas Aquinas Parish Church of the Transfiguration Saint Victor Parish Oratories, chapels, and missions Oratory of Our Mother of Perpetual Help Saint Brother Albert Chmielowski Polish Mission Mission Santa Clara Feast days (Extraordinary rite rubrics) Saint Joseph, Confessor (March 19) Saint Clare of Assisi, Virgin (August 11) People Pope Francis Patrick Joseph McGrath Thomas Anthony Daly Pope John Paul II Pierre DuMaine Catholicism portal v t e Santa Clara University Colleges & schools College of Arts & Sciences Leavey School of Business Education, Counseling Psychology & Pastoral Ministries (ECPPM) School of Engineering Jesuit School of Theology School of Law Centers of Distinction Markkula Center for Applied Ethics Center for Science, Technology, and Society Ignatian Center for Jesuit Education Life The Santa Clara KSCU Malley Fitness Center De Saisset Museum Mission Santa Clara de Asís Santa Clara Depot Noted alumni and faculty Athletics Santa Clara Broncos Baseball Football Men's basketball Women's basketball Leavey Center Stevens Stadium Stephen Schott Stadium Santa Clara fight song Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mission_Santa_Clara_de_Asís&oldid=824852537" Categories: Spanish missions in CaliforniaBuildings and structures in Santa Clara, CaliforniaRoman Catholic churches in CaliforniaChurches in Santa Clara County, CaliforniaCalifornia Historical LandmarksChapels in the United StatesHistory of Santa Clara, CaliforniaRoman Catholic Diocese of San Jose in CaliforniaSanta Clara University1777 establishments in California1777 in Alta CaliforniaRoman Catholic churches completed in 1929Tourist attractions in Santa Clara, CaliforniaReligious organizations established in 1777Hidden categories: Use mdy dates from January 2012Coordinates on WikidataAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2015CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list


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