Contents 1 Influences 2 Characteristics 3 Mission Revival Style examples 4 See also 5 References 5.1 Further reading 6 External links

Influences[edit] 1797 Mission San Fernando Rey de España: View looking down an exterior arcade or corredor, an element frequently used in Mission Revival design. All of the 21 Franciscan Alta California missions (established 1769—1823), including their chapels and support structures, shared certain design characteristics. These commonalities arose because the Franciscan missionaries all came from the same places of previous service in Spain and colonial Mexico City in New Spain. The New Spain religious buildings the founding Franciscan saw and emulated were of the Spanish Colonial style, which in turn was derived from Renaissance and Baroque examples in Spain. Also, the limited availability and variety of building materials besides adobe near mission sites or imported to Alta California limited design options. Finally, the missionaries and their indigenous Californian workforce had minimal construction skills and experience.

Characteristics[edit] Further information: Architecture of the California missions Originals The missions' style of necessity and security evolved around an enclosed courtyard, using massive adobe walls with broad unadorned plaster surfaces, limited fenestration and door piercing, low-pitched roofs with projecting wide eaves and non-flammable clay roof tiles, and thick arches springing from piers. Exterior walls were coated with white plaster (stucco), which with wide side eaves shielded the adobe brick walls from rain. Other features included long exterior arcades, an enfilade of interior rooms and halls, semi-independent bell gables, and at more prosperous missions curved 'Baroque' gables on the principal facade with towers. Revival These architectural elements were replicated, in varying degrees, accuracy, and proportions, in the new Mission Revival structures. Simultaneous with the original style's revival was an awareness in California of the actual missions fading into ruins and their restoration campaigns, and nostalgia in the quickly changing state for a 'simpler time' as the novel Ramona popularized at the time. Contemporary construction materials and practices, earthquake codes, and building uses render the structural and religious architectural components primarily aesthetic decoration, while the service elements such as tile roofing, solar shielding of walls and interiors, and outdoor shade arcades and courtyards are still functional. The Mission Revival style of architecture, and subsequent Spanish Colonial Revival style, have historical, narrative—nostalgic, cultural—environmental associations, and climate appropriateness that have made for a predominant historical regional vernacular architecture style in the Southwestern United States, especially in California. The Spanish Mission Style and its associated Spanish Colonial Revival Style became internationally influential. Examples can be found throughout Australia and New Zealand where the California Bungalow style was also prevalent. In South Africa it merged with the very similar Cape Style, a local architecture which utilized the same Dutch Gable shapes with vernacular mud brick construction – this probably had an influence on other 'Colonial Style' buildings on the African continent in the interwar period. In Central and South America its influence is less discernible as the Spanish Colonial Style had, in effect not been departed from, so it is arguable that there wasn't a revival. Following the examples that developed in places like Florida the Mission Style became one of the several styles associated with warm, seaside developments and thus appeared throughout Europe and even Asia; Osbert Lancaster lampooned it as Coca-Cola Colonial. Increasingly watered down as a style it re-emerged in the 1950s, often as hotel architecture and survived into the 1970s as a domestic style; this was doubtless due to the prevalence of the Caribbean and Spain in popular culture of the period helped by the increasing popularity of places like Spain for holidays from Britain.[citation needed]

Mission Revival Style examples[edit] The Mission Inn entry portal, in Riverside, Southern California 1909 The Louis P. and Clara K. Best Residence and Auto House, Davenport, Iowa The Mission Inn in Southern California is one of the largest extant Mission Revival Style buildings in the United States. Located in Riverside, it has been restored, with tours of the style's expression.[2] Other structures designed in the Mission Revival Style include: The Hotel Castañeda, a Harvey House in Las Vegas, New Mexico, opened January 1, 1899. the first Mission Revival style building in New Mexico, arch: Frederick Roehrig and A. Reinsch;[3] Alvarado Hotel in Albuquerque, New Mexico, completed in 1902 for Fred Harvey; demolished in 1970, it has since been replaced by the Alvarado Transportation Center, which is also in Mission style. Arrowhead Springs Resort & Hotel, in San Bernardino Mountains, Southern California; (1939), (mission moderne), arch: Paul Williams, interiors Dorothy Draper.[4] Ponce De Leon Hotel in St. Petersburg, Florida, completed in 1922[5] Caliente Railroad Depot, in Caliente, Nevada, completed in 1923 The Mary Louis Academy Chapel in Jamaica Estates, New York, completed in 1937 California Baptist University, in Riverside, California, original school buildings built for Neighbors of Woodcraft, completed in 1921 Elizabeth Bard Memorial Hospital, in Downtown Ventura, California, completed in 1902. Four Roses Distillery, in Lawrenceburg, Kentucky. built in 1910. Francis Lederer estate and residence, in West Hills, Los Angeles, completed 1936[6] HanaHaus[7] Iao Theater, in Wailuku, Maui—Hawaii, built in 1928. Kelso Depot, in Mojave Desert—Mojave National Preserve, California, completed in 1923 for Union Pacific Railroad. Lederer Stables—Canoga Mission Gallery, in West Hills, Los Angeles, completed in 1936[8] Los Angeles Herald-Examiner Building; Julia Morgan, Downtown Los Angeles, 1915. Mission Inn, in Riverside, California, completed in 1932[9] Santa Fe Railway Depot in San Juan Capistrano, California, completed in 1894 San Gabriel Mission Playhouse, in San Gabriel, California, completed in 1927 Southern Pacific Railroad depot in Burlingame, California, completed in 1894 Stanford University, main quad, in Palo Alto, California, Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge; completed in 1891; site-landscape master plan Frederick Law Olmsted. Texas A&M University–Kingsville, in Kingsville, Texas, founded in 1925 with new construction reflecting the Mission Revival style. Union Station, in San Diego, California, completed in 1915. Valdosta State University's Main Campus in Valdosta, Georgia Villa Rockledge, in Laguna Beach, California, completed in 1935[10] Louis P. and Clara K. Best Residence and Auto House, Clausen & Clausen, Davenport, Iowa, constructed 1909–1910. Several buildings at Montclair State University in Montclair, New Jersey, the first being College Hall, constructed in 1908. Several buildings at Queens College in Queens, New York, including the main administration building, Jefferson Hall, constructed in 1907.

See also[edit] Spanish Colonial architecture Spanish Colonial Revival Style architecture Mediterranean Revival Style architecture Irving Gill Pueblo Revival Style architecture Ranchos of California

References[edit] Arcade at Union Station, in San Diego, California ^ Weitze, p. 14: "Railroad literature described the missions as 'Worthy a glance from the tourists [sic] eye,' with the Southern Pacific, from 1888 to 1890, publishing numerous pamphlets that included sections on the missions." ^ ^ Richard Melzer (2008). Fred Harvey Houses of the Southwest. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 37–40. Retrieved 2011-08-26.  ^ "history". Retrieved May 11, 2010.  ^ St. Petersburg Historic Preservation – Hotels ^ Big Orange-Lederer Residence ^ "HanaHaus".  ^ Big Orange—Canoga Mission Gallery ^ Jones 1991, p. 2 ^ Jones 1991, p. 42 Further reading[edit] Gustafson, Lee and Phil Serpico (1999). Santa Fe Coast Lines Depots: Los Angeles Division. Acanthus Press, Palmdale, CA. ISBN 0-88418-003-4.  Jones, R. (1991). The History of Villa Rockledge. Laguna Beach, CA: American National Research Institute.  Weitze, Karen J. (1984). California's Mission Revival. Hennessy & Ingalls, Inc., Los Angeles, CA. ISBN 0-912158-89-1.  Yenne, Bill (2004). The Missions of California. Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, CA. ISBN 1-59223-319-8. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mission Revival Style architecture. Northern Arizona University: Mission Revival Style – architectural examples gallery Hewn and Hammered – dedicated to discussion of the American Arts & Crafts movement, and its Mission Revival component. v t e Architecture of the United States Colonial American colonial architecture Colonial Georgian Dutch Colonial French Colonial German Colonial Spanish Colonial Early Republic Adam Federal Jeffersonian Mid-19th century Greek Revival Italianate Gothic Revival Victorian Richardsonian Romanesque Second Empire American Renaissance Folk Stick style Queen Anne Shingle Territorial Late-19th to mid-20th century Beaux-Arts Chicago School Colonial Revival Dutch Colonial Revival Mediterranean Revival Mission Revival Spanish Colonial Revival Tudor Revival Pueblo Revival Territorial Revival American Craftsman Prairie School American Foursquare California bungalow Art Deco Streamline Moderne PWA Moderne Post-World War II to current International style Usonian American ranch Modern Postmodern Neo-eclectic New Classical Architecture Vernacular Hall and parlor house Central-passage house Log cabin Cape Cod Saltbox Creole cottage Dogtrot house I-house Shotgun house Sod house Carpenter Gothic First Period Cities Atlanta Buffalo Chicago Detroit Houston Jacksonville Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Miami New Orleans New York City Omaha Philadelphia Portland San Antonio San Francisco Seattle St. Louis v t e Historicism and Revivalism in Western architecture and decorative arts International Baroque Revival Beaux-Arts Byzantine Revival Carpenter Gothic Egyptian Revival Gothic Revival Greek Revival / Neo-Grec Moorish Revival Neoclassical New Classical / Neo-Historism Renaissance Revival Châteauesque Italianate Palazzo style Romanesque Revival Second Empire Spanish Colonial Revival Swiss chalet style Vernacular France French Renaissance Henry II style Louis Treize Style Louis XIV Louis Quinze Louis XVI Neoclassicism in France Directoire style Empire style Second Empire Belle Époque Art Nouveau Art Deco Germany, Austria-Hungary Biedermeier Gründerzeit Nazi architecture Resort style Rundbogenstil Great Britain Adam style Bristol Byzantine Edwardian Baroque Indo-Saracenic Revival British India Jacobethan Queen Anne style Regency Scottish baronial style Tudor Revival / Black-and-White Revival Greece and Balkans Mycenaean Revival Serbo-Byzantine Revival Italy Stile umbertino Mexico Mayan Revival Netherlands Traditionalist School Nordic countries National Romantic style Dragon Style Portugal Pombaline Neo-Manueline Soft Portuguese style Russian Empire and USSR Byzantine Revival Russian Revival Stalinist architecture Spain Neo-Mudéjar United States Jeffersonian architecture American Renaissance Collegiate Gothic Colonial Revival Federal style Greco Deco Mediterranean Revival Mission Revival Polish Cathedral style Pueblo Revival Queen Anne style Richardsonian Romanesque Territorial Revival Modern architecture » Retrieved from "" Categories: Mission Revival architectureRevival architectural stylesSpanish missions in CaliforniaArchitecture in CaliforniaHistory of CaliforniaSpanish Colonial architectureSpanish Colonial Revival architectureAmerican architectural styles19th-century architectural styles20th-century architectural stylesHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2015Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014Pages using div col without cols and colwidth parameters

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