Contents 1 Background 2 Relevant statute provisions 3 Still-existing laws 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Background[edit] The case was an appeal to the Supreme Court by film distributor Joseph Burstyn against the rescinding of a license to exhibit the short film "The Miracle", originally made as a segment of the Italian film L'Amore. Burstyn was the distributor of the subtitled English versions of the movie in the U.S. The film was directed by Italian neorealist Roberto Rossellini. Its plot centered on a man, "Saint Joseph" (played by director Federico Fellini), who villainously impregnates "Nanni" (Anna Magnani), a disturbed peasant who believes herself to be the Virgin Mary. Fellini and Rossellini also co-wrote the script for "The Miracle". "The Miracle" originally premiered in Europe in 1948 as the anthology film L'Amore with two segments, "Il Miracolo" and "La voce umana", the latter based on Jean Cocteau's play The Human Voice and also starring Magnani. The film was first shown in New York in November 1950, presented under the title Ways of Love, with English subtitles. In December, Ways of Love was voted the best foreign language film of 1950 by the New York Film Critics Circle. "The Miracle" in particular sparked widespread moral outrage, and was criticized as "vile, harmful and blasphemous."[2] Protesters at the Paris Theater where the film was screened picketed the film with vitriolic signs carrying messages like "This Picture Is an Insult to Every Decent Woman and Her Mother," "Don't Be a Communist," and "Don't Enter the Cesspool." [3] After its American release, the New York State Board of Regents reportedly received "hundreds of letters, telegrams, postcards, affidavits and other communications" contrastingly protesting and defending the exhibition of the film. Three members of the Board were subsequently ordered to examine it; they concluded that "The Miracle" was "sacrilegious" and directed the appellants to show otherwise at a hearing. The hearing determined that the film indeed constituted religious bigotry and on February 16, 1951, the Commissioner of Education was ordered to rescind the picture's license.[4] The appellant brought this decision of the Board to rescind the license to the New York courts for review, on the grounds that the statute "violates the First Amendment as a prior restraint upon freedom of speech and of the press," "that it is invalid under the same Amendment as a violation of the guaranty of separate church and state and as a prohibition of the free exercise of religion," and "that the term 'sacrilegious' is so vague and indefinite as to offend due process." The Board's decision was upheld by the New York state courts, including the New York Court of Appeals. The decision was appealed to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court decision in 1952 brought films under the free speech and free press provisions of the First Amendment, overturning the Mutual case that had stood as precedent to censor films since 1915. However, because the decision said that films could still be censored under a narrowly drawn statute for obscenity, states and municipalities continued censoring, many until the mid-1960s and Maryland continued until 1981. This case was the turning point, though, as it became the precedent used in many other challenge cases.[5]

Relevant statute provisions[edit] The part of the statute (N. Y. Education Law, §122) in question that forbade the exhibition of unlicensed films read: [It is unlawful] to exhibit, or to sell, lease or lend for exhibition at any place of amusement for pay or in connection with any business in the state of New York, any motion picture film or reel [with specified exceptions not relevant here], unless there is at the time in full force and effect a valid license or permit therefor of the education department... The paragraph allowing the repeal of "sacrilegious" films' license read: The director of the [motion picture] division [of the education department] or, when authorized by the regents, the officers of a local office or bureau shall cause to be promptly examined every motion picture film submitted to them as herein required, and unless such film or a part thereof is obscene, indecent, immoral, inhuman, sacrilegious, or is of such a character that its exhibition would tend to corrupt morals or incite to crime, shall issue a license therefor. If such director or, when so authorized, such officer shall not license any film submitted, he shall furnish to the applicant therefor a written report of the reasons for his refusal and a description of each rejected part of a film not rejected in toto.

Still-existing laws[edit] Although this case made them unenforceable, Massachusetts, Michigan, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Wyoming, and Pennsylvania still have unrepealed blasphemy laws on the books.[citation needed]

See also[edit] List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 343 Freedman v. Maryland (1965 U. S. Supreme Court case) Whirlpool of Desire (1935) French film also distributed by Burstyn and Arthur Mayer

References[edit] ^ Jowett, G. (1996). "A significant medium for the communication of ideas": The Miracle decision and the decline of motion picture censorship, 1952–1968. Movie censorship and American culture, 258–276. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. ^ Kozlovic, Anton Karl (2003). Religious Film Fears 1: Satanic Infusion, Graven Images and Iconographic Perversion, 5 (2-3). ^ Black, G. D. (1998). The Catholic crusade against the movies, 1940-1975. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ^ [1] "Rossellini's Religious Films" ^ Wittern-Keller, Laura. Freedom of the Screen. University Press of Kentucky, 2008.

External links[edit] ^ Text of Joseph Burstyn, Inc v. Wilson , 343 U.S. 495 (1952) is available from:  Findlaw  Justia  BC  First Amendment Center Freedom Forum: Landmark decision brought freedom to films L'Amore (1948) at Internet Movie Database v t e United States First Amendment case law Establishment Clause Public funding Everson v. Board of Education (1947) McCollum v. Board of Education (1948) Walz v. Tax Commission of the City of New York (1970) Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) Marsh v. Chambers (1983) Mueller v. Allen (1983) Aguilar v. Felton (1985) Board of Education of Kiryas Joel Village School District v. Grumet (1994) Agostini v. Felton (1997) Mitchell v. Helms (2000) Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002) Locke v. Davey (2004) Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn (2011) Public displays Stone v. Graham (1980) Lynch v. Donnelly (1984) Board of Trustees of Scarsdale v. McCreary (1985) County of Allegheny v. ACLU (1989) McCreary County v. ACLU of Kentucky (2005) Van Orden v. Perry (2005) Pleasant Grove City v. Summum (2009) School prayer Zorach v. Clauson (1952) Engel v. Vitale (1962) Abington School District v. Schempp (1963) Stone v. Graham (1980) Wallace v. Jaffree (1985) Lee v. Weisman (1992) Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe (2000) Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow (2004) Creationism Epperson v. Arkansas (1968) Edwards v. Aguillard (1987) Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District (M.D. Pa. 2005) Legislature prayer Marsh v. Chambers (1983) Town of Greece v. Galloway (2014) Other McGowan v. Maryland (1961) Walz v. Tax Commission of the City of New York (1970) McDaniel v. Paty (1978) Estate of Thornton v. Caldor, Inc. (1985) Texas Monthly, Inc. v. Bullock (1989) Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church & School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (2012) Free Exercise Clause Reynolds v. United States (1879) Davis v. Beason (1890) Schneider v. New Jersey (1939) Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940) Minersville School District v. Gobitis (1940) Murdock v. Pennsylvania (1943) United States v. Ballard (1944) Braunfeld v. Brown (1961) Torcaso v. Watkins (1961) Sherbert v. Verner (1963) Presbyterian Church v. Hull Church (1969) Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972) Harris v. McRae (1980) Thomas v. Review Board of the Indiana Employment Security Division (1981) United States v. Lee (1982) Bob Jones University v. United States (1983) Bowen v. Roy (1986) Goldman v. Weinberger (1986) Employment Division v. Smith (1990) Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah (1993) City of Boerne v. Flores (1997) Watchtower Society v. Village of Stratton (2002) Cutter v. Wilkinson (2005) Trinity Lutheran Church of Columbia, Inc. v. Comer (2017) Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission (under consideration) National Institute of Family and Life Advocates v. Becerra (under consideration) Freedom of speech (portal) Sedition and imminent danger Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) Masses Publishing Co. v. Patten (S.D.N.Y. 1917) Schenck v. United States (1919) Abrams v. United States (1919) Gitlow v. New York (1925) Whitney v. California (1927) Dennis v. United States (1951) Communist Party v. Subversive Activities Control Board (1955, 1961) Yates v. United States (1957) Bond v. Floyd (1966) Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969) Hess v. Indiana (1973) False speech Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. (1974) United States v. Alvarez (2012) Fighting words and the heckler's veto Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940) Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942) Terminiello v. Chicago (1949) Feiner v. New York (1951) Gregory v. Chicago (1969) National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie (1977) R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul (1992) Snyder v. Phelps (2011) Elonis v. United States (2015) Freedom of assembly and public forums Hague v. CIO (1939) Schneider v. New Jersey (1939) Thornhill v. Alabama (1940) Martin v. City of Struthers (1943) Marsh v. Alabama (1946) Niemotko v. Maryland (1951) Edwards v. South Carolina (1963) Cox v. Louisiana (1965) Brown v. Louisiana (1966) Adderley v. Florida (1966) Carroll v. Town of Princess Anne (1968) Coates v. Cincinnati (1971) Organization for a Better Austin v. Keefe (1971) Lloyd Corp. v. Tanner (1972) Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins (1980) Widmar v. Vincent (1981) Hill v. Colorado (2000) McCullen v. Coakley (2014) Packingham v. North Carolina (2017) Symbolic speech Stromberg v. California (1931) United States v. O'Brien (1968) Cohen v. California (1971) Smith v. Goguen (1974) Texas v. Johnson (1989) United States v. Eichman (1990) Virginia v. Black (2003) Compelled speech Minersville School District v. Gobitis (1940) West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943) Wooley v. Maynard (1977) Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System v. Southworth (2000) Davenport v. Washington Education Association (2007) Knox v. Service Employees International Union, Local 1000 (2012) Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc. (2013) Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission (under consideration) National Institute of Family and Life Advocates v. Becerra (under consideration) Loyalty oaths American Communications Association v. Douds (1950) Garner v. Board of Public Works (1951) Speiser v. Randall (1958) Keyishian v. Board of Regents (1967) Communist Party of Indiana v. Whitcomb (1974) School speech Minersville School District v. Gobitis (1940) West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943) Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969) Island Trees School District v. Pico (1982) Bethel School District v. Fraser (1986) Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier (1988) Rosenberger v. University of Virginia (1995) Morse v. Frederick (2007) Obscenity Rosen v. United States (1896) United States v. One Book Called Ulysses (S.D.N.Y. 1933) Roth v. United States (1957) One, Inc. v. Olesen (1958) Smith v. California (1959) Marcus v. Search Warrant (1961) MANual Enterprises v. Day (1962) Jacobellis v. Ohio (1964) Quantity of Books v. Kansas (1964) Freedman v. Maryland (1965) Ginzburg v. United States (1966) Memoirs v. Massachusetts (1966) Redrup v. New York (1967) Ginsberg v. New York (1968) Stanley v. Georgia (1969) Cohen v. California (1971) United States v. Thirty-seven Photographs (1971) Kois v. Wisconsin (1972) Miller v. California (1973) Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton (1973) United States v. 12 200-ft. Reels of Film (1973) Jenkins v. Georgia (1974) Erznoznik v. City of Jacksonville (1975) Young v. American Mini Theatres (1976) New York v. Ferber (1982) American Booksellers v. Hudnut (7th Cir., 1985) Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc. (1986) People v. Freeman (Cal. 1988) Osborne v. Ohio (1990) United States v. X-Citement Video (1994) Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union (1997) United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group (2000) Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition (2002) Ashcroft v. American Civil Liberties Union (2002) Nitke v. Gonzales (S.D.N.Y., 2005) United States v. Williams (2008) FCC v. Fox Televisions Stations - 2 cases (2009 and 2012) American Booksellers Foundation for Free Expression v. Strickland (6th Cir., 2009) United States v. Kilbride (9th Cir., 2009) United States v. Stevens (2010) Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association (2011) Public employees Pickering v. Board of Education (1968) Perry v. Sindermann (1972) Board of Regents of State Colleges v. Roth (1972) Mt. Healthy City School District Board of Education v. Doyle (1977) Givhan v. Western Line Consolidated School District (1979) Connick v. Myers (1983) Rankin v. McPherson (1987) Waters v. Churchill (1994) Garcetti v. Ceballos (2006) Borough of Duryea v. Guarnieri (2011) Heffernan v. City of Paterson (2016) Hatch Act and similar laws Ex parte Curtis (1882) United Public Workers v. Mitchell (1947) United States Civil Service Commission v. National Association of Letter Carriers (1973) Broadrick v. Oklahoma (1973) Licensing and restriction of speech Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio (1915) Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson (1952) Freedman v. Maryland (1965) Virginia State Pharmacy Board v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council (1976) Hoffman Estates v. The Flipside, Hoffman Estates, Inc. (1982) Walker v. Texas Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans (2015) Matal v. Tam (2017) Commercial speech Valentine v. Chrestensen (1942) Rowan v. U.S. Post Office Dept. (1970) Pittsburgh Press Co. v. Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations (1973) Bigelow v. Commonwealth of Virginia (1974) Virginia State Pharmacy Board v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council (1976) Bates v. State Bar of Arizona (1977) Linmark Associates, Inc. v. Willingboro (1977) Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Service Commission (1980) Consol. Edison Co. v. Public Serv. Comm'n (1980) Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Public Utilities Commission of California (1986) Posadas de Puerto Rico Associates v. Tourism Company of Puerto Rico (1986) San Francisco Arts & Athletics, Inc. v. United States Olympic Committee (1987) 44 Liquormart, Inc. v. Rhode Island (1996) Sorrell v. IMS Health Inc. (2011) Campaign finance and political speech Buckley v. Valeo (1976) First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti (1978) Citizens Against Rent Control v. City of Berkeley (1981) Brown v. Socialist Workers '74 Campaign Committee (1982) Regan v. Taxation with Representation of Washington (1983) FEC v. Massachusetts Citizens for Life (1986) Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce (1990) McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission (1995) Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee v. FEC (1996) Nixon v. Shrink Missouri Government PAC (2000) Republican Party of Minnesota v. White (2002) McConnell v. FEC (2003) Randall v. Sorrell (2006) FEC v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. (2007) Davis v. FEC (2008) Citizens United v. FEC (2010) McComish v. Bennett (2011) American Tradition Partnership v. Bullock (2012) McCutcheon v. Federal Election Commission (2014) Williams-Yulee v. The Florida Bar (2015) Freedom of the press Prior restraints and censorship Near v. Minnesota (1931) Lovell v. City of Griffin (1938) Hannegan v. Esquire, Inc. (1946) New York Times Co. v. United States (1971) Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Tornillo (1974) Nebraska Press Ass'n v. Stuart (1976) Landmark Communications, Inc. v. Virginia (1978) Tory v. Cochran (2005) Privacy Time, Inc. v. Hill (1967) Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn (1975) Florida Star v. B. J. F. (1989) Taxation and privileges Grosjean v. American Press Co. (1936) Branzburg v. Hayes (1972) Minneapolis Star Tribune Co. v. Commissioner (1983) Defamation Beauharnais v. Illinois (1952) New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964) Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts (1967) Greenbelt Cooperative Publishing Ass'n, Inc. v. Bresler (1970) Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. (1974) Time, Inc. v. Firestone (1976) Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc. (1984) Dun & Bradstreet, Inc. v. Greenmoss Builders, Inc. (1985) McDonald v. Smith (1985) Hustler Magazine v. Falwell (1988) Harte-Hanks Communications v. Connaughton (1989) Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co. (1990) Obsidian Finance Group, LLC v. Cox (9th Cir., 2014) Broadcast media Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC (1969) FCC v. Pacifica Foundation (1978) Turner Broadcasting v. FCC (1994) Bartnicki v. Vopper (2001) Copyrighted materials Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. (1977) Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises (1985) Freedom of association Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee v. McGrath (1951) Watkins v. United States (1957) NAACP v. Alabama (1958) Baggett v. Bullitt (1964) In re Primus (1978) Roberts v. United States Jaycees (1984) Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian, & Bisexual Group of Boston (1995) Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000) Retrieved from ",_Inc._v._Wilson&oldid=823020926" Categories: 1952 in United States case lawUnited States Supreme Court casesUnited States Free Speech Clause case lawFilm censorship in the United StatesUnited States Supreme Court cases of the Vinson CourtHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2016

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Supreme Court Of The United StatesUnited States ReportsList Of United States Supreme Court Cases, Volume 343L. Ed.U.S. LEXISNew York (state)SacrilegeFreedom Of SpeechFirst Amendment To The United States ConstitutionFred M. VinsonHugo BlackStanley Forman ReedFelix FrankfurterWilliam O. DouglasRobert H. JacksonHarold Hitz BurtonTom C. ClarkSherman MintonFirst Amendment To The United States ConstitutionFourteenth Amendment To The United States ConstitutionMutual Film Corporation V. Industrial Commission Of OhioWikisourceList Of United States Supreme Court Cases, Volume 343United States ReportsLists Of Landmark Court DecisionsSupreme Court Of The United StatesFilm Censorship In The United StatesNew York (state)SacrilegeFreedom Of SpeechFirst Amendment To The United States ConstitutionFilmMutual Film Corporation V. Industrial Commission Of OhioJoseph BurstynShort FilmL'Amore (film)L'Amore (film)Italian NeorealismRoberto RosselliniFederico FelliniPregnancyAnna MagnaniVirgin MaryAnthology FilmL'Amore (film)Jean CocteauThe Human VoiceSubtitlesNew York Film Critics CircleCommunismUniversity Of The State Of New YorkTelegramPostcardAffidavitNew York State Education DepartmentNew York (state)First Amendment To The United States ConstitutionPrior RestraintEstablishment Clause Of The First AmendmentNew York Court Of AppealsStatuteSection SignMassachusettsMichiganOklahomaSouth CarolinaWyomingPennsylvaniaBlasphemy Law In The United States Of AmericaWikipedia:Citation NeededList Of United States Supreme Court Cases, Volume 343Freedman V. MarylandWhirlpool Of DesireArthur MayerList Of United States Supreme Court Cases, Volume 343United States ReportsTemplate:US1stAmendmentTemplate Talk:US1stAmendmentFirst Amendment To The United States ConstitutionEstablishment ClauseEverson V. Board Of EducationMcCollum V. Board Of EducationWalz V. Tax Commission Of The City Of New YorkLemon V. KurtzmanMarsh V. ChambersMueller V. AllenAguilar V. FeltonBoard Of Education Of Kiryas Joel Village School District V. GrumetAgostini V. FeltonMitchell V. HelmsZelman V. Simmons-HarrisLocke V. DaveyArizona Christian School Tuition Organization V. WinnStone V. GrahamLynch V. DonnellyBoard Of Trustees Of Scarsdale V. McCrearyCounty Of Allegheny V. American Civil Liberties UnionMcCreary County V. American Civil Liberties UnionVan Orden V. PerryPleasant Grove City V. SummumSchool PrayerZorach V. ClausonEngel V. VitaleAbington School District V. SchemppStone V. GrahamWallace V. JaffreeLee V. WeismanSanta Fe Independent School District V. DoeElk Grove Unified School District V. NewdowCreationismEpperson V. ArkansasEdwards V. AguillardKitzmiller V. Dover Area School DistrictMarsh V. ChambersTown Of Greece V. GallowayMcGowan V. MarylandWalz V. Tax Commission Of The City Of New YorkMcDaniel V. PatyEstate Of Thornton V. Caldor, Inc.Texas Monthly, Inc. V. BullockHosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church & School V. Equal Employment Opportunity CommissionFree Exercise ClauseReynolds V. United StatesDavis V. BeasonSchneider V. New JerseyCantwell V. ConnecticutMinersville School District V. GobitisMurdock V. PennsylvaniaUnited States V. BallardBraunfeld V. BrownTorcaso V. WatkinsSherbert V. VernerPresbyterian Church V. Hull ChurchWisconsin V. YoderHarris V. McRaeThomas V. Review Board Of The Indiana Employment Security DivisionUnited States V. Lee (1982)Bob Jones University V. United StatesBowen V. RoyGoldman V. WeinbergerEmployment Division V. SmithChurch Of Lukumi Babalu Aye V. City Of HialeahCity Of Boerne V. FloresWatchtower Society V. Village Of StrattonCutter V. WilkinsonTrinity Lutheran Church Of Columbia, Inc. V. ComerMasterpiece Cakeshop V. Colorado Civil Rights CommissionNational Institute Of Family And Life Advocates V. BecerraFreedom Of Speech In The United StatesPortal:Freedom Of SpeechSeditionAlien And Sedition ActsMasses Publishing Co. V. PattenSchenck V. United StatesAbrams V. United StatesGitlow V. New YorkWhitney V. CaliforniaDennis V. United StatesCommunist Party V. Subversive Activities Control BoardYates V. United StatesBond V. FloydBrandenburg V. OhioHess V. IndianaGertz V. Robert Welch, Inc.United States V. AlvarezFighting WordsHeckler's VetoCantwell V. ConnecticutChaplinsky V. New HampshireTerminiello V. ChicagoFeiner V. New YorkGregory V. ChicagoNational Socialist Party Of America V. Village Of SkokieR.A.V. V. City Of St. PaulSnyder V. PhelpsElonis V. United StatesFreedom Of AssemblyHague V. Committee For Industrial OrganizationSchneider V. New JerseyThornhill V. AlabamaMartin V. City Of StruthersMarsh V. AlabamaNiemotko V. MarylandEdwards V. South CarolinaCox V. LouisianaBrown V. LouisianaAdderley V. FloridaCarroll V. Town Of Princess AnneCoates V. CincinnatiOrganization For A Better Austin V. KeefeLloyd Corp. V. TannerPruneyard Shopping Center V. RobinsHill V. ColoradoMcCullen V. CoakleyPackingham V. North CarolinaSymbolic SpeechStromberg V. CaliforniaUnited States V. O'BrienCohen V. CaliforniaSmith V. GoguenTexas V. JohnsonUnited States V. EichmanVirginia V. BlackMinersville School District V. GobitisWest Virginia State Board Of Education V. BarnetteWooley V. MaynardBoard Of Regents Of The University Of Wisconsin System V. SouthworthDavenport V. Washington Education AssociationKnox V. Service Employees International Union, Local 1000Agency For International Development V. Alliance For Open Society International, Inc.Masterpiece Cakeshop V. Colorado Civil Rights CommissionNational Institute Of Family And Life Advocates V. BecerraLoyalty OathAmerican Communications Association V. DoudsGarner V. Board Of Public WorksSpeiser V. RandallKeyishian V. Board Of RegentsCommunist Party Of Indiana V. WhitcombSchool Speech (First Amendment)Minersville School District V. GobitisWest Virginia State Board Of Education V. BarnetteTinker V. Des Moines Independent Community School DistrictIsland Trees School District V. PicoBethel School District V. FraserHazelwood School District V. KuhlmeierRosenberger V. University Of VirginiaMorse V. FrederickObscenityRosen V. United StatesUnited States V. One Book Called UlyssesRoth V. United StatesOne, Inc. V. OlesenSmith V. CaliforniaMarcus V. Search WarrantMANual Enterprises V. DayJacobellis V. OhioQuantity Of Books V. KansasFreedman V. MarylandGinzburg V. United StatesMemoirs V. MassachusettsRedrup V. New YorkGinsberg V. New YorkStanley V. GeorgiaCohen V. CaliforniaUnited States V. Thirty-seven PhotographsKois V. WisconsinMiller V. CaliforniaParis Adult Theatre I V. SlatonUnited States V. 12 200-ft. Reels Of FilmJenkins V. GeorgiaErznoznik V. City Of JacksonvilleYoung V. American Mini TheatresNew York V. FerberAmerican Booksellers V. HudnutRenton V. Playtime Theatres, Inc.People V. FreemanOsborne V. OhioUnited States V. X-Citement VideoReno V. American Civil Liberties UnionUnited States V. Playboy Entertainment GroupAshcroft V. Free Speech CoalitionAshcroft V. American Civil Liberties UnionNitke V. GonzalesUnited States V. Williams (2008)Federal Communications Commission V. Fox Television Stations (2009)Federal Communications Commission V. Fox Television Stations (2012)American Booksellers Foundation For Free Expression V. StricklandUnited States V. KilbrideUnited States V. StevensBrown V. Entertainment Merchants AssociationPickering V. Board Of EducationPerry V. SindermannBoard Of Regents Of State Colleges V. RothMt. Healthy City School District Board Of Education V. DoyleGivhan V. Western Line Consolidated School DistrictConnick V. MyersRankin V. McPhersonWaters V. ChurchillGarcetti V. CeballosBorough Of Duryea V. GuarnieriHeffernan V. City Of PatersonHatch Act Of 1939Ex Parte CurtisUnited Public Workers V. MitchellUnited States Civil Service Commission V. National Association Of Letter CarriersBroadrick V. OklahomaMutual Film Corporation V. Industrial Commission Of OhioFreedman V. MarylandVirginia State Pharmacy Board V. Virginia Citizens Consumer CouncilHoffman Estates V. The Flipside, Hoffman Estates, Inc.Walker V. Texas Division, Sons Of Confederate VeteransMatal V. TamCommercial SpeechValentine V. ChrestensenRowan V. U.S. Post Office Dept.Pittsburgh Press Co. V. Pittsburgh Commission On Human RelationsBigelow V. Commonwealth Of VirginiaVirginia State Pharmacy Board V. Virginia Citizens Consumer CouncilBates V. State Bar Of ArizonaLinmark Associates, Inc. V. WillingboroCentral Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. V. Public Service CommissionConsolidated Edison Co. V. Public Service CommissionPacific Gas & Electric V. Public Utilities CommissionPosadas De Puerto Rico Associates V. Tourism Company Of Puerto RicoSan Francisco Arts & Athletics, Inc. V. United States Olympic Committee44 Liquormart, Inc. V. Rhode IslandSorrell V. IMS Health Inc.Buckley V. ValeoFirst National Bank Of Boston V. BellottiCitizens Against Rent Control V. City Of BerkeleyBrown V. Socialist Workers '74 Campaign CommitteeRegan V. Taxation With Representation Of WashingtonFEC V. Massachusetts Citizens For LifeAustin V. Michigan Chamber Of CommerceMcIntyre V. Ohio Elections CommissionColorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee V. FECNixon V. Shrink Missouri Government PACRepublican Party Of Minnesota V. WhiteMcConnell V. Federal Election CommissionRandall V. SorrellFederal Election Commission V. Wisconsin Right To Life, Inc.Davis V. Federal Election CommissionCitizens United V. Federal Election CommissionMcComish V. BennettWestern Tradition Partnership, Inc. V. MontanaMcCutcheon V. Federal Election CommissionWilliams-Yulee V. The Florida BarFreedom Of The Press In The United StatesCensorshipNear V. MinnesotaLovell V. City Of GriffinHannegan V. 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