Contents 1 Early life 1.1 Education 2 Early career 2.1 Commercials 2.2 Screenwriting 3 Film career 4 Trademarks 5 Unrealized projects 6 Books 7 Interviews 8 Praise 9 Criticisms 9.1 Colleagues 9.2 Critics 10 Conflicting stories on background 10.1 Age 10.2 Education and early career 10.3 Military service 11 Death 12 Filmography 13 References 13.1 Annotations 13.2 Footnotes 13.3 Bibliography 14 Further reading 15 External links

Early life[edit] Cimino was born in New York City on February 3, 1939.[3][4][a 1] A third-generation Italian-American,[6][7] Cimino and his brothers grew up with their parents in Old Westbury, Long Island.[8] He was regarded as a prodigy at the private schools his parents sent him to, but rebelled as an adolescent by consorting with delinquents, getting into fights, and coming home drunk.[9] Of this time, Cimino described himself as "always hanging around with kids my parents didn't approve of. Those guys were so alive. When I was fifteen I spent three weeks driving all over Brooklyn with a guy who was following his girlfriend. He was convinced she was cheating on him, and he had a gun, he was going to kill her. There was such passion and intensity about their lives. When the rich kids got together, the most we ever did was cross against a red light."[10] His father was a music publisher.[9] Cimino says his father was responsible for marching bands and organs playing pop music at football games.[11] "When my father found out I went into the movie business, he didn't talk to me for a year," Cimino said.[9] "He was very tall and thin ... His weight never changed his whole life and he didn't have a gray hair on his head. He was a bit like a Vanderbilt or a Whitney, one of those guys. He was the life of the party, women loved him, a real womanizer. He smoked like a fiend. He loved his martinis. He died really young. He was away a lot, but he was fun. I was just a tiny kid."[11] His mother was a costume designer.[11] After he made The Deer Hunter, she said that she knew he had become famous because his name was in the New York Times crossword puzzle.[9] Education[edit] Cimino graduated from Westbury High School in 1956. He entered Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan. At Michigan State, Cimino majored in graphic arts, was a member of a weight-lifting club, and participated in a group to welcome incoming students. He graduated in 1959 with honors and won the Harry Suffrin Advertising Award. He was described in the 1959 Red Cedar Log yearbook as having tastes that included blondes, Thelonious Monk, Chico Hamilton, Mort Sahl, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright, and "drinking, preferably vodka."[12] In Cimino's final year at Michigan State, he became art director, and later managing editor, of the school's humor magazine Spartan. Steven Bach wrote of Cimino's early magazine work: "It is here that one can see what are perhaps the first public manifestations of the Cimino visual sensibility, and they are impressive. He thoroughly restyled the Spartan's derivative Punch look, designing a number of its strikingly handsome covers himself. The Cimino-designed covers are bold and strong, with a sure sense of space and design. They compare favorably to professional work honored in, say, any of the Modern Publicity annuals of the late fifties and are far better than the routine work turned out on Madison Avenue. The impact and quality of his work no doubt contributed to his winning the Harry Suffrin Advertising Award at MSU and perhaps to his acceptance at Yale."[12] At Yale, Cimino continued to study painting as well as architecture and art history and became involved in school dramatics.[13] In 1962, while still at Yale, he enlisted in the U.S. Army Reserve.[5][8] He trained for five months at Fort Dix, New Jersey and had a month of medical training in Fort Sam Houston, Texas.[5][9] Cimino graduated from Yale University, receiving his BFA in 1961 and his MFA in 1963, both in painting.[5][9]

Early career[edit] Commercials[edit] A still from Cimino's "Take Me Along" commercial[14] After graduating from Yale, Cimino moved to Manhattan to work in Madison Avenue advertising and became a star director of television commercials.[9][15] He shot ads for L'eggs hosiery, Kool cigarettes, Eastman Kodak, United Airlines, and Pepsi, among others.[9][14] "I met some people who were doing fashion stuff – commercials and stills. And there were all these incredibly beautiful girls," Cimino said. "And then, zoom – the next thing I know, overnight, I was directing commercials."[9] For example, Cimino directed the 1967 United Airlines commercial "Take Me Along," a musical extravaganza in which a group of ladies sing Take Me Along (adapted from a short-lived Broadway musical) to a group of men, presumably their husbands, to take them on a flight. The commercial is filled with the dynamic visuals, American symbolism and elaborate set design that would become Cimino's trademark. "The clients of the agencies liked Cimino," remarked Charles Okun, his production manager from 1964 to 1978. "His visuals were fabulous, but the amount of time it took was just astronomical. Because he was so meticulous and took so long. Nothing was easy with Michael."[14] Through his commercial work, Cimino met Joann Carelli, then a commercial director representative. They began a 30-year on-again-off-again relationship.[9] Screenwriting[edit] In 1971, Cimino moved to Los Angeles to start a career as a screenwriter.[10] According to Cimino, it was Carelli that got him into screenwriting: "[Joann] actually talked me into it. I'd never really written anything ever before. I still don't regard myself as a writer. I've probably written thirteen to fourteen screenplays by [1978] and I still don't think of myself that way. Yet, that's how I make a living."[16] Cimino added, "I started writing screenplays principally because I didn't have the money to buy books or to option properties. At that time you only had a chance to direct if you owned a screenplay which some star wanted to do, and that's precisely what happened with Thunderbolt and Lightfoot."[6][17] Cimino gained representation from Stan Kamen of William Morris Agency.[18] The spec script Thunderbolt and Lightfoot was shown to Clint Eastwood, who bought it for his production company, Malpaso and allowed Cimino a chance to direct the film. Cimino co-wrote two scripts (the science fiction film Silent Running and Eastwood's second Dirty Harry film, Magnum Force) before moving on to directing.[8] Cimino's work on Thunderbolt and Lightfoot impressed Eastwood enough to ask him to work on the script for Magnum Force before Thunderbolt and Lightfoot began production.

Film career[edit] Cimino moved up to directing on the feature Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974).[15] The film stars Clint Eastwood as a Korean War vet named "Thunderbolt" who takes a young drifter named "Lightfoot", played by Jeff Bridges, under his wing. When Thunderbolt's old partners try to find him, he and Lightfoot make a pact with them to pull one last big heist. Eastwood was originally slated to direct it himself, but Cimino impressed Eastwood enough to change his mind. The film became a solid box office success at the time, making $25,000,000 at the box office with a budget of $4,000,000 [19] and earned Bridges an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. With the success of Thunderbolt and Lightfoot, Cimino says he "got a lot of offers, but decided to take a gamble. I would only get involved with projects I really wanted to do." He rejected several offers before pitching an ambitious Vietnam War film to EMI executives in November 1976. To Cimino's surprise, EMI accepted the film.[10] Cimino went on to direct, co-write, and co-produce The Deer Hunter (1978). The film stars Robert De Niro, Christopher Walken, and John Savage as three buddies in a Pennsylvania steel mill town who fight in the Vietnam War and rebuild their lives in the aftermath. The film went over-schedule and over-budget,[20] but it became a massive critical and commercial success,[21] and won five Oscars, including Best Director and Best Picture for Cimino.[22] On the basis of his track record, Cimino was given free rein by United Artists for his next film, Heaven's Gate (1980). The film came in several times over budget. After its release, it proved to be a financial disaster that nearly bankrupted the studio. Heaven's Gate became the lightning rod for the industry perception of the loosely controlled situation in Hollywood at that time. The film's failure marked the end of the New Hollywood era. Transamerica Corporation sold United Artists, having lost confidence in the company and its management.[23] Heaven's Gate was such a devastating critical and commercial bomb that public perception of Cimino's work was tainted in its wake; the majority of his subsequent films achieved neither popular nor critical success.[24] Many critics who had originally praised The Deer Hunter became far more reserved about the picture and about Cimino after Heaven's Gate. The story of the making of the movie, and UA's subsequent downfall, was documented in Steven Bach's book Final Cut. Cimino's film was somewhat rehabilitated by an unlikely source: the Z Channel, a cable pay TV channel that at its peak in the mid-1980s served 100,000 of Los Angeles's most influential film professionals. After the unsuccessful release of the reedited and shortened Heaven's Gate, Jerry Harvey, the channel's programmer, decided to play Cimino's original 219-minute cut on Christmas Eve 1982. The reassembled movie received admiring reviews.[25] The full length, director approved version, was released on LaserDisc by MGM/UA,[26] and later reissued on DVD and Blu-ray by the Criterion Collection.[27] Cimino directed a 1985 crime drama, Year of the Dragon, which he and Oliver Stone adapted from Robert Daley's novel. However, Year of the Dragon was also nominated for five Razzie awards, including Worst Director and Worst Screenplay.[28] The film was sharply criticized for providing offensive stereotypes about Chinese Americans.[11] Cimino directed The Sicilian from a Mario Puzo novel in 1987. The film bombed at the box office, costing an estimated $16 million[a 2], grossing $5 million domestically.[30] In 1990, Cimino directed a remake of the Humphrey Bogart film The Desperate Hours starring Anthony Hopkins and Mickey Rourke. The film was another box-office disappointment, grossing less than $3 million.[31] His last feature-length film was 1996's Sunchaser with Woody Harrelson and Jon Seda. While nominated for the Palme d'Or at that year's Cannes Film Festival,[32] the film was released to video.[33]

Trademarks[edit] Cimino's films are often marked by their visual style[9][24] and controversial subject matter.[34][35][36] Elements of Cimino's visual sensibility include shooting in widescreen (in a 2.35:1 aspect ratio),[37] deliberate pacing[9] and big set-piece/non-dialogue sequences.[38] The subject matter in Cimino's films frequently focuses on aspects of American history and culture, notably disillusionment over the American Dream.[39][40][41] Other trademarks include the casting of non-professional actors in supporting roles (Chuck Aspegren as Axel in The Deer Hunter, Ariane in Year of the Dragon).[42][43] Cimino frequently credited Clint Eastwood, John Ford,[44][a 3] Luchino Visconti and Akira Kurosawa[a 4] as his cinematic influences.[42][45] Cimino said that if it were not for Eastwood, he would not be in the movies: "I owe everything to Clint."[42] Cimino also gave his literary references as Vladimir Nabokov, Alexander Pushkin, Leo Tolstoy, Gore Vidal, Raymond Carver, Cormac McCarthy, the classics of Islamic literature, Frank Norris and Steven Pinker.[46]

Unrealized projects[edit] Since the beginning of his film career, Cimino was attached to many projects that either fell apart in pre-production or were jettisoned due to his reputation following Heaven's Gate. Steven Bach wrote that despite setbacks in Cimino's career, "he may yet deliver a film that will make his career larger than the cautionary tale it often seems to be or, conversely, the story of genius thwarted by the system that is still popular in certain circles."[47] Film historian David Thomson added to this sentiment: "The flimsy nastiness of his last four pictures is no reason to think we have seen the last of Cimino. ... If he ever emerges at full budgetary throttle, his own career should be his subject."[40] Cimino claimed he had written at least 50 scripts overall[11] and was briefly considered to helm The Godfather Part III.[48] Cimino's dream project was an adaptation of Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead. Taking its cue from more than the novel, it was largely modeled on architect Jørn Utzon's troubled building of the Sydney Opera House, as well as the construction of the Empire State Plaza in Albany, New York. He wrote the script in between Thunderbolt and Lightfoot and The Deer Hunter, and hoped to have Clint Eastwood play Howard Roark.[49][50] Cimino spent two and a half years working with James Toback on The Life and Dreams of Frank Costello, a biopic on the life of mafia boss Costello, for 20th Century Fox. "We got a good screenplay together," said Cimino, "but again, the studio, 20th Century Fox in this case, was going through management changes and the script was put aside." Cimino added, "Costello took a long time because Costello himself had a long, interesting life. The selection of things to film was quite hard.[51] While working on the Costello biopic, Cimino wrote a biography on Janis Joplin called Pearl, also for 20th Century Fox.[9][51] "It's almost a musical," replied Cimino, "I was working with Bo Goldman on that one and we were doing a series of rewrites."[51] "All these projects were in the air at once," Cimino recalled, "I postponed The Fountainhead until we had a first draft on Pearl, then after meetings with Jimmy began Frank Costello."[51] In 1984, after being unable to finalize a deal with director Herbert Ross, Paramount Pictures offered the job of directing Footloose to Cimino. According to screenwriter Dean Pitchford, Cimino was at the helm of Footloose for four months, making more and more extravagant demands in terms of set construction and overall production. In the process, Cimino reimagined the film as a musical-comedy inspired by The Grapes of Wrath. Paramount realized that it potentially had another Heaven's Gate on its hands. Cimino was fired and Ross was brought on to direct the picture.[50][52][53][53] The same year Cimino was scheduled to work on The Pope of Greenwich Village, which would have reunited him with actor Mickey Rourke from Heaven's Gate. After Rourke and Eric Roberts signed on as the leads, Cimino wanted to finesse the screenplay with some rewriting and restructuring. However, the rewriting would have taken Cimino beyond the mandated start date for shooting, so Cimino and MGM parted ways. Stuart Rosenberg was hired as a result.[54] The film, while receiving admiring reviews, bombed at the box office. In 1987, Cimino attempted to make an epic saga about the 1920s Irish rebel Michael Collins, but the film had to be abandoned due to budget, weather and script problems. The film was to have been funded by Nelson Entertainment.[55] Shortly after the Michael Collins biopic was cancelled, Cimino quickly started pre-production work on Santa Ana Wind, a contemporary romantic drama set in L.A. The start date for shooting was to have been early December 1987. The screenplay was written by Floyd Mutrux and the film was to be bankrolled by Nelson Entertainment, which also backed Collins. Cimino's representative added that the film was "about the San Fernando Valley and the friendship between two guys" and "more intimate" than Cimino's previous big-budget work like Heaven's Gate and the yet-to-be-released The Sicilian.[55] However, Nelson Holdings International Ltd. cancelled the project after disclosing that its banks, including Security Pacific National Bank, had reduced the company's borrowing power after Nelson failed to meet certain financial requirements in its loan agreements. A spokesman for Nelson said the cancellation occurred "in the normal course of business," but declined to elaborate.[56] One of his final projects was writing a three-hour-long adaptation of André Malraux's 1933 novel Man's Fate, about the early days of the Chinese Revolution.[9][46] The story was to have focused on several Europeans living in Shanghai during the tragic turmoil that characterized the onset of China's Communist regime.[57] "The screenplay, I think, is the best one I've ever done," Cimino once said, adding that he had "half the money; [we're] trying to raise the other half."[11] The roughly $25 million project was to be filmed wholly on location in Shanghai and would have benefited from the support of China's government, which said it would provide some $2 million worth of local labor costs.[57] Cimino had been scouting locations in China since 2001.[9][20][46] "There was never a better time to try to do Man's Fate", Cimino said, "because Man's Fate is what it's all about right now. It's about the nature of love, of friendship, the nature of honor and dignity. How fragile and important all of those things are in a time of crisis." Martha De Laurentiis, who with her husband Dino helped produce Year of the Dragon and Desperate Hours with Cimino, read his script for Man's Fate and passed on it. "If you edit it down, it could be a very tight, beautiful, sensational movie," she said, "but violent, and ultimately a subject matter that I don't think America is that interested in."[9]

Books[edit] In 2001, Cimino published his first novel, Big Jane. Later that year, the French Minister of Culture decorated him Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres[9] and the Prix Littéraire Deauville 2001, an award that previously went to Norman Mailer and Gore Vidal.[11] "Oh, I'm the happiest, I think, I've ever been!" he said in response.[11] Cimino also wrote a book called Conversations en miroir with Francesca Pollock in 2003.[58]

Interviews[edit] Interviews with Cimino were rare; he declined all interviews with American journalists for 10 years following Heaven's Gate[11] and he gave his part in the making of that film little discussion. George Hickenlooper's book Reel Conversations and Peter Biskind's highly critical book Easy Riders, Raging Bulls deal with the film and resulting scandal.[59] Hickenlooper's book includes one of the few candid discussions with Cimino; Biskind focuses on events during and after the production as a later backdrop for the sweeping changes made to Hollywood and the movie brat generation. Steven Bach, a former UA studio executive, wrote Final Cut (1985), which describes in detail how Heaven's Gate brought down United Artists. Cimino called Bach's book a "work of fiction" by a "degenerate who never even came on the set".[11] However, Bach's work does discuss times in which he did appear at the shooting location to confront Cimino about the budgetary issues. While Al Pacino, Meryl Streep, Francis Ford Coppola, Gene Hackman, Sidney Lumet and Robert De Niro all gave interviews for the 2009 John Cazale documentary I Knew It Was You, Cimino refused to do so. However, the European DVD release of The Deer Hunter contains an audio commentary[43] with Cimino as does the American DVD release of Year of the Dragon.[42] In 2011, the French movie critic Jean-Baptiste Thoret wrote a large profile on Michael Cimino for Les Cahiers du Cinéma. Cimino appeared on the cover. In 2013, Thoret published in France an acclaimed book, Michael Cimino, les voix perdues de l'Amérique (lost voices of America). Flammarion. ISBN 978-2081261600

Praise[edit] After Cimino's success with The Deer Hunter, he was considered a "second coming" among critics.[20] In 1985, author Michael Bliss described Michael Cimino as a unique American filmmaker after only three films: "Cimino occupies an important position in today's cinema ... a man whose cinematic obsession it is to extract, represent, and investigate those essential elements in the American psyche ..."[39] Frequent collaborator Mickey Rourke has often praised Cimino for his creativity and dedication to work. On Heaven's Gate, Rourke has said, "I remember thinking this little guy [Cimino] was so well organized. He had this huge production going on all around him yet he could devote his absolute concentration on the smallest of details."[60] Film director/screenwriter Quentin Tarantino has also expressed great admiration and praise for Cimino's The Deer Hunter, especially with regards to the Vietnamese POW Russian roulette sequence: "The Russian roulette sequence is just out and out one of the best pieces of film ever made, ever shot, ever edited, ever performed. ... Anybody can go off about Michael Cimino all they want but when you get to that sequence you just have to shut up."[61] Tarantino also loved Cimino's Year of the Dragon[62] and listed its climax as his favorite killer movie moment in 2004.[63] Film director/screenwriter Oliver Stone, who collaborated with Cimino in Year of the Dragon (1985), said of Cimino: "I have to admit I liked working with Michael Cimino, and I learned a lot from him."[64]

Criticisms[edit] Cimino has been described by colleagues and critics as vain, self-indulgent, egotistical, megalomaniacal and an enfant terrible.[11][65] Producers and critics have tended to be harsher on Cimino than his collaborators. Critics, for example, Pauline Kael,[66] John Simon[67] and John Powers,[68] have also noted and criticized these qualities in many of the films he wrote and directed. Cimino was also known to have given exaggerated, misleading and conflicting stories about himself, his background and his filmmaking experiences. Colleagues[edit] In writing about his experience working on The Sicilian, producer Bruce McNall described Cimino as "one part artistic genius and one part infantile egomaniac."[69] In his book, Blade Runners, Deer Hunters and Blowing the Bloody Doors Off, producer Michael Deeley described his experience with Cimino on Deer Hunter as a "travail",[70] adding "the only flaw I find in my Oscar [for The Deer Hunter] is that Cimino's name is also engraved on it."[71] Deeley criticized Cimino for lack of professional respect and standards: "Cimino was selfish. ... Selfishness, in itself, is not necessarily a flaw in a director, unless it swells into ruthless self-indulgence combined with a total disregard for the terms in which the production has been set."[72] Cinematographer Vilmos Zsigmond reported that Cimino was hard to work with but extremely talented visually.[73] Critics[edit] Movie critics Pauline Kael and John Simon criticized Cimino's abilities as a filmmaker and storyteller. After his failure with Heaven's Gate, some commentators joked and/or suggested that he should give back his Oscars for The Deer Hunter. Pauline Kael in The New Yorker described Cimino's storytelling abilities in her review of Year of the Dragon: As I see it, Michael Cimino doesn't think in terms of dramatic values: he doesn't know how to develop characters, or how to get any interaction among them. He transposes an art-school student's approach from paintings to movies, and makes visual choices: this is a New York movie, so he wants a lot of blue and harsh light and a realistic surface. He works completely derivatively, from earlier movies, and his only idea of how to dramatize things is to churn up this surface and get it roiling. The whole thing is just material for Cimino the visual artist to impose his personality on. He doesn't actually dramatize himself—it isn't as if he tore his psyche apart and animated the pieces of it (the way a Griffith or a Peckinpah did). He doesn't animate anything.[66] John Foote questioned whether or not Cimino deserved his Oscars for The Deer Hunter: "It seemed in the spring of 1979, following the Oscar ceremony, there was a sense in the industry that if the Academy could have taken back their votes — which saw The Deer Hunter and director Michael Cimino winning for Best Picture and Best Director — they would have done so."[74] Peter Biskind described Cimino in relation to The Deer Hunter as "our first, home-grown fascist director, our own Leni Riefenstahl".[75]

Conflicting stories on background[edit] Cimino was known for giving exaggerated, misleading and conflicting (or simply tongue-in-cheek) stories about himself, his background and his filmmaking experiences. "When I'm kidding, I'm serious, and when I'm serious, I'm kidding," responded Cimino. "I am not who I am, and I am who I am not."[11] Age[edit] Cimino gave various dates for his birth, usually shaving a couple of years off to seem younger, including February 3, 1943; November 16, 1943;[76] and February 3, 1952.[11] Many biographies about Cimino, such as the "Michael Cimino" entries in David Thomson's The New Biographical Dictionary of Film[40] and Ephraim Katz's Film Encyclopedia,[13] list his year of birth as 1943.[15][53] In reference to Cimino's interview with Leticia Kent on December 10, 1978, Steven Bach said, "Cimino wasn't thirty-five but a few months shy of forty."[5] Education and early career[edit] Cimino claimed he got his start in documentary films following his work in academia and nearly completed a doctorate at Yale.[77] Some of these details are repeated in reviews of Cimino's films[a 5] or his official bios.[13][53] Steven Bach refuted those claims in his book Final Cut: "[Cimino] had done no work toward a doctorate and he had become known in New York as a maker not of documentaries but of sophisticated television commercials."[5] Military service[edit] During the production of The Deer Hunter, Cimino had given co-workers (such as cinematographer Vilmos Zsigmond and associate producer Joann Carelli) the impression that much of the storyline was biographical, somehow related to the director's own experience and based on the lives of men he had known during his service in Vietnam. Just as the film was about to open, Cimino gave an interview to The New York Times in which he claimed that he had been "attached to a Green Beret medical unit" at the time of the Tet Offensive of 1968. When the Times reporter, who had not been able to corroborate this, questioned the studio about it, studio executives panicked and fabricated "evidence" to support the story.[20] Universal Studios president Thom Mount commented at the time, "I know this guy. He was no more a medic in the Green Berets than I'm a rutabaga."[20] Tom Buckley, a veteran Vietnam correspondent for the Times, corroborated that Cimino had done a stint as an Army medic, but that the director had never been attached to the Green Berets. Cimino's active service – six months while a student at Yale in 1962 – had been as a reservist who was never deployed to Vietnam.[79] Cimino's publicist reportedly said that the filmmaker intended to sue Buckley, but Cimino never did.[20]

Death[edit] Cimino died July 2, 2016, at age 77 at his home in Beverly Hills, California.[80] Eric Weissmann, a friend and former lawyer of Cimino, said that friends had been unable to reach Cimino by phone for the last few days and called the police, who found him dead in his bed. Weissmann stated that he had not been aware of Cimino having any illness.

Filmography[edit] Year Title Box office Contribution Notes 1972 Silent Running Co-writer Screenwriting debut 1973 Magnum Force $39,768,000[81] Co-writer 1974 Thunderbolt and Lightfoot $21,700,000[82] Director/Writer Directorial debut 1978 The Deer Hunter $48,979,328[83] Director/Co-writer/Co-producer Oscar win for Best Picture and Best Director 1979 The Rose $29,174,648[84] Writer (uncredited)[15][85] 1980 Heaven's Gate $3,484,331[86] Director/Writer Razzie win for Worst Director 1981 The Dogs of War $5,484,132[87] Writer (uncredited)[15][85] 1985 Year of the Dragon $18,707,466[88] Director/Co-writer 1987 The Sicilian $5,406,879[30] Director 1990 Desperate Hours $2,742,912[31] Director 1996 Sunchaser $21,508[33] Director, producer Final feature film 2007 No Translation Needed Director Segment in To Each His Own Cinema

References[edit] Annotations[edit] ^ Cimino gave various dates for his birth, but his real birthdate was most likely February 3, 1939. In reference to Cimino's interview with Leticia Kent on December 10, 1978, Bach said, "Cimino wasn't thirty-five but a few months shy of forty."[5] ^ Estimate for The Sicilian film budget based on: "Total American gross at the box office was $5.5 million, about a third of our production costs." (3 x 5.5 = 16.5).[29] ^ Three of Ford's films, They Were Expendable, The Searchers, and My Darling Clementine, are on Cimino's list of the ten best films of all time according to the 1992 Sight and Sound poll of directors. ^ Kurosawa's Seven Samurai is also on Cimino's list of the ten best films of all time. ^ In Pauline Kael's review of The Deer Hunter, she wrote about Cimino "When his interest turned to movies, he worked in documentary film and in commercials ..."[78] Footnotes[edit] ^ Say How? A Pronunciation Guide to Names of Public Figures: "Cimino, Michael" [chi-MĒ-nō. Library of Congress. Retrieved August 27, 2010. ^ "Heavens Gate From Hollywood Disaster To Masterpiece". Retrieved December 6, 2011. ^ "Michael Cimino - Biography and Filmography - 1939". February 6, 2015.  ^ Heard, p. 26. ^ a b c d e f Bach, p. 170 ^ a b Andrews, p. 249. ^ Lawton, Ben (2001). "America Through Italian/American Eyes: Dream or Nightmare?". From the Margins: Writing in Italian Americana. Purdue University. [Cimino is said to be Italian/American] ^ a b c Bliss, p. 268 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Griffin, Nancy (February 10, 2002). "Last Typhoon Cimino Is Back". The New York Observer 16 (6): pp. 1+15+17. Retrieved August 27, 2010. ^ a b c Wakeman, John (1988). World Film Directors (2). The H. W. Wilson Company. pp. 214–219. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Garbarino, Steve (March 2002). "Michael Cimino's Final Cut". Vanity Fair (499): pp. 232–235+250-252. Retrieved August 27, 2010. ^ a b Bach, p. 171 ^ a b c Katz, Ephraim (1998). The Film Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York, NY: HarperCollins. p. 257. ISBN 0-06-273492-X. ^ a b c Epstein, Michael (director). (2004). Final Cut: The Making and Unmaking of Heaven's Gate. [Television Production]. Viewfinder Productions. ^ a b c d e Hickenlooper, p. 76 ^ Carducci; Gallagher, p. 39. ^ Andrews, p. 250. ^ McGilligan, p. 237. ^ Eliot, Marc (October 6, 2009). American Rebel: The Life of Clint Eastwood (1st ed.). New York, NY: Rebel Road, Inc. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-307-33688-0. ^ a b c d e f Biskind, Peter (March 2008). "The Vietnam Oscars". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 28, 2010. ^ Deeley, p. 197. ^ Dirks, Tim. "The Deer Hunter (1978)". Greatest Films. Retrieved May 26, 2010. ^ Bach, p. 404. ^ a b Bach, p. 420. ^ Bach, p. 413 ^ "Heaven's Gate". LaserDisc Database. MGM/UA. Retrieved July 3, 2016.  ^ "Heaven's Gate". The Criterion Collection. The Criterion Collection. Retrieved July 3, 2016.  ^ Wilson, John (January 2, 2002). "1985 Archive of 6th Annual RAZZIE Awards". Retrieved May 25, 2010. ^ McNall & D'Antonio, Pg. 115. ^ a b "The Sicilian". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 17, 2010. ^ a b "Desperate Hours (1990)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Sunchaser". 1996. Retrieved June 2, 2011. ^ a b "The Sunchaser (1996)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ Dirks, Tim. "The Most Controversial Films of All-Time Part 11 1970s". Greatest Films. Retrieved March 26, 2011. ^ Dirks, Tim. "The Most Controversial Films of All-Time Part 13 1980s". Greatest Films. Retrieved March 26, 2011. ^ Dirks, Tim. "The Most Controversial Films of All-Time Part 14 1980s". Greatest Films. Retrieved March 26, 2011. ^ Gillet, Sandy (July 20, 2005). Michael Cimino - Paris Heaven's Gate Master class Archived June 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved May 30, 2011. ^ Andrews, p. 247. ^ a b Bliss, p. 147 ^ a b c Thomson, p. 178. ^ "MICHAEL CIMINO, CANARDEUR ENCHAINÉ / réalisateur de Voyage au bout de l'enfer, La Porte du Paradis, L'Année du Dragon ..." (in French). Retrieved May 4, 2011. ^ a b c d Cimino, Michael (director) (2005). Commentary by director Michael Cimino. [Year of the Dragon Region 1 DVD]. Turner Entertainment Co. ^ a b Cimino, Michael (director); Feeney, F. X. (critic). DVD commentary by director Michael Cimino and film critic F. X. Feeney. Included on The Deer Hunter UK region 2 DVD release and the StudioCanal Blu-ray. ^ Andrews, p. 248. ^ Hickenlooper, p. 88. ^ a b c Macnab, Geoffrey (December 6, 2001). "War stories". The Guardian. Retrieved April 30, 2011. ^ Bach, p. 421. ^ Schumacher, Michael (October 19, 1999). Francis Ford Coppola: A Filmmaker's Life (Hardcover ed.). New York, NY: Crown. p. 412. ISBN 978-0-517-70445-5. ^ Hickenlooper, p. 78 ^ a b Chevrie, Marc; Narboni, Jean; Ostria, Vincent (November 1985). "The Right Place" (in French). Cahiers du cinéma (n377). ^ a b c d Carducci; Gallagher, p. 40 ^ Holleran, Scott (October 12, 2004). "Shall We Footloose?". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 27, 2010. ^ a b c d Andrews, p. 245. ^ Heard, p. 42. ^ a b Klady, Leonard (October 4, 1987). "Checking On Cimino". Los Angeles. Retrieved May 29, 2011. ^ Cieply, Michael (January 26, 1988). "Firm Cancels New Cimino Film Project". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 30, 2011. ^ a b Staff Reporter (September 4, 2001). "Michael Cimino Discovers 'Man's Fate' in Shanghai". Home Media Magazine. ^ Cimino, Michael; Pollock, Francesca (writer) (2003). Conversations en miroir (in French). Paris: Gallimard. ^ Biskind, Peter (April 27, 1998). "'Coming Apart' & 'The Eve of Destruction'". Easy Riders, Raging Bulls (Hardcover, 1st ed.). New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-80996-0. ^ Heard, p. 29. ^ Joyce, Paul (Director/Producer); Rodley, Chris (Director/Producer). (1994). Tarantino on Robert De Niro. [Television Production]. UK: Channel 4. Full video on YouTube: Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3. ^ Clarkson, Wensley (2007). Quentin Tarantino: The Man, The Myths and His Movies (Hardcover ed.). London, England: John Blake Publishing Ltd. p. 313. ISBN 978-1-84454-366-3. ^ Schilling, Mary Kaye (April 16, 2004). "The Second Coming". Entertainment Weekly (760). Retrieved August 20, 2010. ^ Cook, Bruce (April 27, 1986). "Stone`s `Salvador` Lets Politics Speak For Itself". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ Dirks, Tim. "Cinematic Terms - A FilmMaking Glossary: D2-E1". Greatest Films. Retrieved June 3, 2011. ^ a b Kael, p. 35. ^ Simon, John (February 16, 1979). New York. Anthologized in the collection Reverse Angle (1982). ^ Rainer, p. 311 ^ McNalll & D'Antonio, p. 103 ^ Deeley, p. 3 ^ Deeley, p. 5 ^ Deeley, p. 178. ^ Shooting The Deer Hunter: An interview with Vilmos Zsigmond. [DVD & Blu-ray]. Blue Underground. Interview with the cinematographer, located on The Deer Hunter, UK Region 2 DVD and StudioCanal Blu-ray. ^ Foote, John (June 3, 2008). "Cimino and Oscar". Retrieved May 9, 2011. ^ ""Come Back to the Mill, Nick Honey": The Deer Hunter Misses The Target". Gods and Monsters. New York, NY: Nation Books. March 30, 1979. p. 91.  ^ Pittman, Jo Ann (September 21, 1999). "Michael Cimino". Film Directors. ^ Bach, p. 169. ^ Kael, Pauline (December 18, 1978) "The Deer Hunter: The God-Bless-America Symphony". The New Yorker. ^ Buckley, Tom (April 1980). "Hollywood's War," Harper's. ^ Itzkoff, Dave (2016-07-02). "Michael Cimino, Director of 'The Deer Hunter' and 'Heaven's Gate,' Dies at 77". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-03.  ^ "Magnum Force (1973)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "The Deer Hunter (1978)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "The Rose (1979)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ a b Bach, p. 83 ^ "Heaven's Gate (1980)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "The Dogs of War (1981)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. ^ "Year of the Dragon (1985)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 31, 2011. Bibliography[edit] Andrews, Nigel (1991) [August 11, 1983]. "Michael Cimino". In Andrew Britton. Talking Films: The Best of the Guardian Film Lectures (Hardcover ed.). London, England: Fourth Estate Ltd. pp. 245–266. ISBN 1-872180-17-5.  Bach, Steven (September 1, 1999). Final Cut: Art, Money, and Ego in the Making of Heaven's Gate, the Film That Sank United Artists (Updated ed.). New York, NY: Newmarket Press. ISBN 978-1-55704-374-0. Bliss, Michael (1985). Martin Scorsese & Michael Cimino (Hardcover ed.). Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press Inc. ISBN 0-8108-1783-7. Heard, Christopher (2006). Mickey Rourke: High and Low. London, England: Plexus Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-85965-386-2. Deeley, Michael (April 7, 2009). Blade Runners, Deer Hunters, & Blowing the Bloody Doors Off: My Life in Cult Movies (Hardcover ed.). New York, NY: Pegasus Books LLC. ISBN 978-1-60598-038-6. Carducci, Mark Patrick (writer); Gallagher, John Andrew (editor) (July 1977). "Michael Cimino". Film Directors on Directing (Paperback ed.). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-275-93272-9. Hickenlooper, George (May 1991). "Michael Cimino: A Final Word". Reel Conversations: Candid Interviews with Film's Foremost Directors and Critics (1st ed.). Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel. pp. 76–89. ISBN 978-0-8065-1237-2. Heard, Christopher (2006). Mickey Rourke: High and Low. London, England: Plexus Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-85965-386-2. Kael, Pauline (1989). "The Great White Hope". Hooked (Hardcover ed.). New York, NY: E.P Dutton. pp. 31–38. ISBN 0-525-48429-9. McGilligan, Patrick (1999). Clint: The Life and Legend. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-638354-8. McNall, Bruce; D'Antonio, Michael (July 9, 2003). Fun While It Lasted: My Rise and Fall In the Land of Fame and Fortune (1st ed.). New York, NY: Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-6864-3. Powers, John (writer); Rainer, Peter (editor) (1992). "Michael Cimino: Year of the Dragon". Love and Hisses. San Francisco, CA: Mercury House. pp. 310–320. ISBN 1-56279-031-5. Thomson, David (October 26, 2010). The New Biographical Dictionary of Film: Fifth Edition, Completely Updated and Expanded (Hardcover ed.). Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-27174-7. Thoret, Jean-Baptiste. Le Cinéma américain des années 1970, Éditions de l'Étoile/Cahiers du cinéma, 2006. ISBN 2-86642-404-2 Thoret, Jean-Baptiste. En route avec Michael Cimino, large profile and interview published in Cahiers du Cinéma, October 2011.

Further reading[edit] Adair, Gilbert (1981). Hollywood's Vietnam (1989 revised ed.). London: Proteus. ISBN 0434045802 Marchetti, Gina (1991). "Ethnicity, the Cinema and Cultural Studies." Unspeakable Images: Ethnicity and the American Cinema. Ed. Lester D. Friedman. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0252061527 Marchetti, Gina (1993). "Conclusion: The Postmodern Spectacle of Race and Romance in 'Year of the Dragon.'" Romance and the "Yellow Peril": Race, Sex, and Discursive Strategies in Hollywood Fiction. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520079744 McGee, Patrick (2007). "The Multitude at Heaven's Gate". From Shane to Kill Bill. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1405139641 Wood, Robin (1986). "From Buddies to Lovers" + "Two Films by Michael Cimino". Hollywood from Vietnam to Reagan and Beyond. New York. ISBN 0231129661 Woolland, Brian (1995). "Class Frontiers: The View through Heaven's Gate." The Book of Westerns. Ed. Ian Cameron and Douglas Pye. New York: Continuum. ISBN 0826408184

External links[edit] Michael Cimino on IMDb Michael Cimino at AllMovie MichaelCimino.Fr French fan-created website Michael Cimino at Find a Grave v t e Films directed by Michael Cimino Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974) The Deer Hunter (1978) Heaven's Gate (1980) Year of the Dragon (1985) The Sicilian (1987) Desperate Hours (1990) Sunchaser (1996) Awards for Michael Cimino v t e Academy Award for Best Director 1927–1950 Frank Borzage (1927) Lewis Milestone (1928) Frank Lloyd (1929) Lewis Milestone (1930) Norman Taurog (1931) Frank Borzage (1932) Frank Lloyd (1933) Frank Capra (1934) John Ford (1935) Frank Capra (1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra (1938) Victor Fleming (1939) John Ford (1940) John Ford (1941) William Wyler (1942) Michael Curtiz (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder (1945) William Wyler (1946) Elia Kazan (1947) John Huston (1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1950) 1951–1975 George Stevens (1951) John Ford (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Delbert Mann (1955) George Stevens (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) Billy Wilder (1960) Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise (1961) David Lean (1962) Tony Richardson (1963) George Cukor (1964) Robert Wise (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Carol Reed (1968) John Schlesinger (1969) Franklin J. Schaffner (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Bob Fosse (1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) 1976–2000 John G. Avildsen (1976) Woody Allen (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) Sydney Pollack (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Barry Levinson (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) Kevin Costner (1990) Jonathan Demme (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Mel Gibson (1995) Anthony Minghella (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) Steven Soderbergh (2000) 2001–present Ron Howard (2001) Roman Polanski (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) Tom Hooper (2010) Michel Hazanavicius (2011) Ang Lee (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film 1948–1975 Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1948) Robert Rossen (1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1950) George Stevens (1951) John Ford (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Delbert Mann (1955) George Stevens (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) Billy Wilder (1960) Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise (1961) David Lean (1962) Tony Richardson (1963) George Cukor (1964) Robert Wise (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger (1969) Franklin J. Schaffner (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Francis Ford Coppola (1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) 1976–2000 John G. Avildsen (1976) Woody Allen (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) Steven Spielberg (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Barry Levinson (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) Kevin Costner (1990) Jonathan Demme (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Ron Howard (1995) Anthony Minghella (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) Ang Lee (2000) 2001–present Ron Howard (2001) Rob Marshall (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) Tom Hooper (2010) Michel Hazanavicius (2011) Ben Affleck (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Director Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder (1945) Frank Capra (1946) Elia Kazan (1947) John Huston (1948) Robert Rossen (1949) Billy Wilder (1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) Jack Cardiff (1960) Stanley Kramer (1961) David Lean (1962) Elia Kazan (1963) George Cukor (1964) David Lean (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Paul Newman (1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Francis Ford Coppola (1972) William Friedkin (1973) Roman Polanski (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) Sidney Lumet (1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Francis Ford Coppola (1979) Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) Barbra Streisand (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) John Huston (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Clint Eastwood (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) Kevin Costner (1990) Oliver Stone (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Mel Gibson (1995) Miloš Forman (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) Ang Lee (2000) Robert Altman (2001) Martin Scorsese (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Julian Schnabel (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) James Cameron (2009) David Fincher (2010) Martin Scorsese (2011) Ben Affleck (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Richard Linklater (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Director 1980–2000 Robert Greenwald (1980) Michael Cimino (1981) Ken Annakin / Terence Young (1982) Peter Sasdy (1983) John Derek (1984) Sylvester Stallone (1985) Prince (1986) Norman Mailer / Elaine May (1987) Blake Edwards / Stewart Raffill (1988) William Shatner (1989) John Derek (1990) Michael Lehmann (1991) David Seltzer (1992) Jennifer Lynch (1993) Steven Seagal (1994) Paul Verhoeven (1995) Andrew Bergman (1996) Kevin Costner (1997) Gus Van Sant (1998) Barry Sonnenfeld (1999) Roger Christian (2000) 2001–present Tom Green (2001) Guy Ritchie (2002) Martin Brest (2003) Pitof (2004) John Asher (2005) M. Night Shyamalan (2006) Chris Sivertson (2007) Uwe Boll (2008) Michael Bay (2009) M. Night Shyamalan (2010) Dennis Dugan (2011) Bill Condon (2012) Elizabeth Banks, Steven Brill, Steve Carr, Rusty Cundieff, James Duffy, Griffin Dunne, Peter Farrelly, Patrik Forsberg, Will Graham, James Gunn, Bob Odenkirk, Brett Ratner, and Jonathan van Tulleken (2013) Michael Bay (2014) Josh Trank (2015) Dinesh D'Souza and Bruce Schooley (2016) Tony Leondis (2017) v t e Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director Sidney Lumet (1975) Sidney Lumet (1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Robert Benton (1979) Roman Polanski (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Steven Spielberg (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) Terry Gilliam (1985) David Lynch (1986) John Boorman (1987) David Cronenberg (1988) Spike Lee (1989) Martin Scorsese (1990) Barry Levinson (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Jane Campion (1993) Quentin Tarantino (1994) Mike Figgis (1995) Mike Leigh (1996) Curtis Hanson (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) Steven Soderbergh (2000) David Lynch (2001) Pedro Almodóvar (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Alexander Payne (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Paul Greengrass (2006) Paul Thomas Anderson (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) Olivier Assayas / David Fincher (2010) Terrence Malick (2011) Paul Thomas Anderson (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Richard Linklater (2014) George Miller (2015) Barry Jenkins (2016) Guillermo del Toro / Luca Guadagnino (2017) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85135116 LCCN: n85054094 ISNI: 0000 0001 2141 9570 GND: 118876732 SUDOC: 059926562 BNF: cb13738660v (data) NDL: 00964569 NKC: pna2008444781 ICCU: IT\ICCU\RAVV\088678 BNE: XX1305808 Retrieved from "" Categories: 1939 births2016 deathsAmerican film directors of Italian descentAmerican film directorsBest Directing Academy Award winnersProducers who won the Best Picture Academy AwardBest Director Golden Globe winnersFilm directors from New York CityYale School of Art alumniDirectors Guild of America Award winnersPeople from Old Westbury, New YorkAge controversiesHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksUse mdy dates from July 2016Pages to import images to WikidataArticles with hCardsFind a Grave template with ID same as WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with SBN identifiers

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Michael_Cimino - Photos and All Basic Informations

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New York CityNew York (state)Beverly Hills, CaliforniaMichigan State UniversityYaleHelp:IPA/EnglishHelp:Pronunciation Respelling KeyFilm DirectorScreenwriterFilm ProducerAuthorNew York CityYale UniversityMagnum ForceSilent RunningThunderbolt And LightfootClint EastwoodAcademy AwardThe Deer HunterHeaven's Gate (film)New York CityOld WestburyLong IslandBrooklynVanderbilt FamilyWhitney FamilyThe Deer HunterNew York TimesWestbury High School (Old Westbury, New York)Michigan State UniversityEast Lansing, MichiganThelonious MonkChico HamiltonMort SahlLudwig Mies Van Der RoheFrank Lloyd WrightSteven BachPunch (magazine)Madison AvenueUnited States Army ReserveFort DixFort Sam HoustonYale UniversityBachelor Of Fine ArtsMaster Of Fine ArtsMadison AvenueL'eggsKool (cigarette)Eastman KodakUnited AirlinesPepsiTake Me AlongWilliam Morris AgencyClint EastwoodMalpaso ProductionsSilent RunningDirty Harry (film Series)Magnum ForceThunderbolt And LightfootClint EastwoodJeff Bridges47th Academy AwardsOscar For Best Supporting ActorEMIThe Deer HunterRobert De NiroChristopher WalkenJohn Savage (actor)Academy AwardAcademy Award For DirectingAcademy Award For Best PictureUnited ArtistsHeaven's Gate (film)New HollywoodTransamerica CorporationThe Deer HunterSteven BachZ ChannelPay TelevisionJerry Harvey (screenwriter)Year Of The Dragon (film)Oliver StoneRobert DaleyRazzieGolden Raspberry Award For Worst DirectorGolden Raspberry Award For Worst ScreenplayChinese AmericanThe Sicilian (film)Mario PuzoThe SicilianDesperate HoursHumphrey BogartThe Desperate Hours (film)Anthony HopkinsMickey RourkeSunchaserWoody HarrelsonJon SedaPalme D'OrCannes Film FestivalAmerican DreamThe Deer HunterYear Of The Dragon (film)Clint EastwoodJohn FordLuchino ViscontiAkira KurosawaVladimir NabokovAlexander PushkinLeo TolstoyGore VidalRaymond CarverCormac McCarthyIslamic LiteratureFrank NorrisSteven PinkerSteven BachDavid Thomson (film Critic)The Godfather Part IIIAyn RandThe FountainheadJørn UtzonSydney Opera HouseEmpire State PlazaAlbany, New YorkThunderbolt And LightfootThe Deer HunterClint EastwoodJames TobackFrank Costello20th Century Fox20th Century FoxJanis JoplinHerbert RossParamount PicturesFootloose (1984 Film)Dean PitchfordThe Grapes Of Wrath (film)The Pope Of Greenwich VillageEric RobertsStuart RosenbergMichael Collins (Irish Leader)Nelson EntertainmentFloyd MutruxHeaven's Gate (film)The Sicilian (film)Security Pacific National BankAndré MalrauxMan's FateDino De LaurentiisChevalier Des Arts Et Des LettresNorman MailerGore VidalGeorge HickenlooperPeter BiskindEasy Riders, Raging BullsHollywoodNew HollywoodSteven BachUnited ArtistsAl PacinoMeryl StreepFrancis Ford CoppolaGene HackmanSidney LumetRobert De NiroJohn CazaleI Knew It Was YouDVD Region CodeThe Deer HunterAudio CommentaryYear Of The Dragon (film)Cahiers Du CinémaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-2081261600Mickey RourkeHeaven's Gate (film)Quentin TarantinoThe Deer HunterRussian RouletteYear Of The Dragon (film)Oliver StoneYear Of The Dragon (film)Pauline KaelJohn Simon (critic)The SicilianBruce McNallMichael DeeleyVilmos ZsigmondPauline KaelJohn Simon (critic)The New YorkerYear Of The Dragon (film)D. 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