Contents 1 History 2 List of metropolitan municipalities 3 See also 4 References 5 Other sources

History[edit] Metropolitan municipalities were brought about so that cities could be governed as single entities.[3] This had not been possible under the fragmented local government structures of apartheid. A key demand of anti-apartheid civics in the 1980s was for 'one city, one tax base' in order to facilitate distribution of funds to areas of highest need.[4] Local government reform after apartheid produced six Transitional Metropolitan Councils following the 1995/6 local government elections. These were characterized by a two-tier structure.[5] [6] From 2000, these six Metropolitan Councils were restructured into their final single-tier form. In 2011, Buffalo City (East London) and Mangaung (Bloemfontein) were added to the category of metropolitan municipality.[7]

List of metropolitan municipalities[edit] Name Code Province Seat Area (km2)[8] Population (2016)[9] Pop. density (per km2) Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality BUF Eastern Cape East London 2,750 834,997 303.6 City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality CPT Western Cape Cape Town 2,446 4,005,016 1,637.6 City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality JHB Gauteng Johannesburg 1,645 4,949,347 3,008.8 City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality TSH Gauteng Pretoria 6,298 3,275,152 520.0 City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality[10] EKU Gauteng Germiston 1,975 3,379,104 1,710.6 eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality ETH KwaZulu-Natal Durban 2,556 3,702,231 1,448.5 Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality MAN Free State Bloemfontein 9,886 787,803 79.7 Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality NMA Eastern Cape Port Elizabeth 1,957 1,263,051 645.4

See also[edit] Urban planning in Africa

References[edit] ^ "Welcome to the official South African government online site! - South African Government". Archived from the original on 5 January 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2017.  ^ "Welcome to the official South African government online site! - South African Government". Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2017.  ^ Mabin, Alan (2006) Local government in South Africa’s larger cities. In U. Pillay, R. Tomlinson, & J. du Toit (Eds.) Democracy and delivery: urban policy in South Africa (pp. 135-156). Cape Town: HSRC. ^ Mark Swilling, Richard Humphries and Khehal Shubane (eds) Apartheid city in Transition. Cape Town: Oxford University Press ^ van Donk, Mirjam and Edgar Pieterse (2006) ‘Reflections on the design of a post-apartheid system of (urban) local government’ in Udesh Pillay; Richard Tomlinson; Jacques du Toit (eds.) Democracy and Delivery: Urban Policy in South Africa. Cape Town HSRC Press ^ Cameron, Robert (2006) Local government boundary reorganization. In Udesh Pillay, Richard Tomlinson, Jacques du Toit (eds.) Democracy and Delivery: Urban Policy in South Africa. Cape Town HSRC Press pp 76-106 ^ Lynelle John; Landiwe Mahlangu (21 June 2011). "Metros in SA: Debate on national policy choices". Mail and Guardian. Retrieved 2017-08-29.  ^ "Shapefiles Statistics". Retrieved 2017-08-29.  ^ "Statistics". Retrieved 2017-08-29.  ^ "AMENDMENT OF NOTICE ESTABLISHING THE EKURHULENI METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY (NOTICE NO. 3585 OF 2005)". Retrieved 29 August 2017. 

Other sources[edit] Government Communication & Information Services (2005) Categories of municipalities Parliament of the Republic of South Africa (1996) Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, Chapter 7: Local Government Parliament of the Republic of South Africa (1998) Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, Act 117 of 1998. South African Local Government Association v t e Administrative divisions of South Africa Capitals: Pretoria (executive) Bloemfontein (judicial) Cape Town (legislative) Provinces Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga North West Northern Cape Western Cape Municipalities List of municipalities in South Africa By province Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga North West Northern Cape Western Cape Types Metropolitan Local District Transitional Settlements By province Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga North West Northern Cape Western Cape Retrieved from "" Categories: Metropolitan Municipalities of South AfricaHidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from August 2017All articles lacking in-text citationsUse South African English from January 2015All Wikipedia articles written in South African EnglishArticles containing Tswana-language textArticles containing Sotho-language textArticles containing Northern Sotho-language textArticles containing Afrikaans-language textArticles containing Zulu-language textArticles containing Southern Ndebele-language textArticles containing Xhosa-language textArticles containing Swazi-language textArticles containing Venda-language textArticles containing Tsonga-language textUse dmy dates from December 2010

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