Contents 1 Life 2 Career 3 Stiller and Garbo 4 Death and legacy 5 Filmography 6 References 7 External links


Life[edit] Moshe Stiller was born in Helsinki. His family was of Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, having lived in Russia and Poland before settling in Finland. When he was four, his mother committed suicide, after which he was raised by family friends. From early on, Stiller was interested in acting. His talents did not go unnoticed, and soon Stiller was offered the opportunity to practice and display his acting skills in the theaters of Helsinki and Turku in Finland. Drafted into the army of Czar Nicholas II—Finland was at the time an autonomous Grand Duchy of Russia—rather than report for duty he fled the country for exile, and settled in Sweden. He became a Swedish citizen in 1921.


Career[edit] By 1912, Stiller had become involved with Sweden's rapidly developing silent film industry. He began by writing scripts, in addition to acting and directing in short films but within a few years gave up on acting to devote his time to writing and directing. He was soon directing feature-length productions and his 1918 effort Thomas Graals bästa barn (Thomas Graal's First Child), starring Karin Molander, and with Victor Sjöström in the leading role, received much acclaim. By 1920, having directed more than thirty-five films including Sir Arne's Treasure and Erotikon, Stiller was a leading figure in Swedish filmmaking. He also directed The Blizzard starring a young Einar Hanson and based on the Selma Lagerlof novel Gunnar Hedes saga.


Stiller and Garbo[edit] Greta Garbo and Stiller on board the S/S Drottningholm in 1925 en route to the United States At the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, he met a young actress named Greta Gustafsson whom he cast in an important but secondary role in his film, Gösta Berlings saga (The Atonement of Gosta Berling), and who some have said gave her the stage name Greta Garbo. For Stiller, the screen presence of the 18-year-old actress led to him bringing her and Hanson to the United States after he accepted an offer from Louis B. Mayer to direct for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In Hollywood, Mauritz Stiller was assigned to direct The Temptress (1926), Garbo's second film with MGM, but he could not deal with the studio structure. After repeated arguments with MGM executives, he was replaced on the film by Fred Niblo and his contract with the studio terminated. Stiller was immediately hired by Paramount Pictures, where he made three successful films but was let go a second time while directing his fourth as a result of his continuing disagreements with studio bosses.


Death and legacy[edit] Mauritz Stiller returned to Sweden in 1927 and died the following year from pleurisy at the age of 45. He was interred in the Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm. Stiller's contribution to the motion picture industry has since been recognized with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1713 Vine Street. In Kristianstad, a monument was erected in his honor. Originally, his star on the Walk of Fame was erroneously listed as "Maurice Diller" and wasn't corrected until the late 1980s.


Filmography[edit] Year Film Credited as Director Writer Actor Role 1912 The Gardener (Trädgårdsmästaren) Yes Yes Passenger 1912 Mor och dotter Yes Yes Yes Raoul de Saligny 1912 I lifvets vår Yes von Plæin 1912 Den tyranniske fästmannen Yes Yes Yes Elias Pettersson 1912 De svarta maskerna Yes Yes 1913 Vampyren Yes Yes 1913 På livets ödesvägar Yes 1913 När larmklockan ljuder Yes 1913 När kärleken dödar Yes Yes 1913 Mannekängen Yes Yes 1913 The Conflicts of Life (Livets konflikter) Yes 1913 Brother Against Brother (Gränsfolken) Yes 1913 En pojke i livets strid Yes 1913 Den okända Yes Yes 1913 Den moderna suffragetten Yes Yes 1913 Barnet Yes 1914 Stormfågeln Yes 1914 Skottet Yes 1914 När svärmor regerar Yes Yes Yes Elias 1914 Kammarjunkaren Yes 1914 För sin kärleks skull Yes Yes 1914 Det röda tornet Yes Yes 1914 Bröderna Yes Yes 1915 När konstnärer älska Yes 1915 Minlotsen Yes 1915 Mästertjuven Yes 1915 Madame de Thèbes Yes 1915 Playmates (Lekkamraterna) Yes Yes 1915 Hans hustrus förflutna Yes 1915 Hans bröllopsnatt Yes 1915 Hämnaren Yes 1915 Dolken Yes 1916 The Wings (Vingarne) Yes Yes Yes Film director 1916 Lyckonålen Yes 1916 Kärlek och journalistik Yes 1916 Kampen om hans hjärta Yes 1916 Balettprimadonnan Yes 1917 Thomas Graals bästa film Yes 1917 Alexander den store Yes 1918 Thomas Graals bästa barn Yes 1919 Sången om den eldröda blomman Yes Yes 1919 Song of the Scarlet Flower (Laulu tulipunaisesta kukasta)[1] Yes 1919 Sir Arne's Treasure (Herr Arnes pengar) Yes Yes 1920 Fiskebyn Yes 1920 Erotikon Yes 1921 Johan Yes Yes 1921 Guarded Lips (De landsflyktige) Yes Yes 1923 The Blizzard (Gunnar Hedes saga) Yes Yes 1924 The Saga of Gosta Berling (Gösta Berlings saga) Yes Yes 1926 The Temptress Yes 1927 The Woman on Trial Yes 1927 Hotel Imperial Yes 1927 Barbed Wire Yes 1928 Street of Sin Yes


References[edit] ^ Music by Armas Järnefelt, possibly the first original film music by a Nordic composer. See Hannu Salmi (2008) Järnefeltin jalanjäljillä: Laulu tulipunaisesta kukasta (1919) (In the footsteps of Järnefelt : Song of the Scarlet Flower). (In Finnish). Retrieved 24 August 2015.


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mauritz Stiller. Mauritz Stiller on IMDb Mauritz Stiller at the Swedish Film Database Original Photoplay Interview with Greta Garbo, where she talks about her first meeting with Stiller: "I started trembling all over." Literature on Mauritz Stiller Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 2697326 LCCN: n80063110 ISNI: 0000 0000 6633 9788 GND: 124994504 SELIBR: 273227 SUDOC: 069039283 BNF: cb144823293 (data) ULAN: 500331435 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mauritz_Stiller&oldid=811762623" Categories: 1883 births1928 deathsArtists from HelsinkiPeople from Uusimaa Province (Grand Duchy of Finland)Finnish JewsFinnish people of Polish-Jewish descentFinnish people of Russian-Jewish descentSwedish people of Finnish-Jewish descentFinnish film directorsSwedish film directorsLGBT JewsLGBT directorsFinnish emigrants to SwedenBurials at Norra begravningsplatsenHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from June 2016All articles needing additional referencesArticles with hCardsWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiers


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