Contents 1 History 1.1 Improved M4 1.1.1 Army upgrades 2 Design 2.1 Accessories 2.1.1 Feedramps 2.1.2 SOPMOD Block I 2.1.3 SOPMOD Block II 3 Variants 3.1 M4 MWS (Modular Weapon System) 3.2 M4A1 3.3 Mark 18 CQBR 3.4 Enhanced M4 3.5 Colt Commando 3.6 Armwest LLC M4 4 Performance 4.1 Early feedback 4.2 2006 CNA report 4.3 2007 dust test 4.4 Reliability 4.5 Gas piston 5 Manufacturers 6 Trademark issues 7 Users 7.1 U.S. civilian ownership 8 See also 8.1 Replacement attempts 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Following the adoption of the M16 rifle, carbine variants were also adopted for close quarters operations. The CAR-15 family of weapons served through the Vietnam War. However, these carbines had design issues, as "the barrel length was halved" to 10 inches which "upset the ballistics", reducing its range and accuracy and "led to considerable muzzle flash and blast, so that a large flash suppressor had to be fitted".[9] "Nevertheless, as a short-range weapon it is quite adequate and thus, (despite) its caliber, (the XM177 "Commando") is classed as a submachine gun."[9] In 1984, Colt began work on a new carbine design called the XM4 combining the best features of the Colt Commando and later the M16A2 rifles. In 1984, the first model was made, and it was tested in May 1985. The first models had an upper receiver with an A1 sight, and was given a shorter 11.5-barrel, but later it was giving a longer 14.5-inch barrel for the bayonet and the M203 Grenade Launcher. The second model was made in May 1986, and it was tested from May 1986 though May 1987, at the time it have a A2 Upper Sight, and it have the M16A2's 1:7 inch rifle twist, to use the heavier 62-grain M855 rounds. The extended barrel improved the XM4's ballistics, reduced muzzle blast and gave the XM4 the ability to mount a bayonet and the M203 grenade launcher. The XM4 was also given the cartridge deflector, as well as other minor refinements.[citation needed] In May 1991, the XM4 was renamed to the M4, and Colt made a manual. The M4 was officially accepted into service by the U.S. military in 1994, and was first used operationally by U.S. troops deployed to Kosovo in 1999 in support of the NATO-led KFOR peacekeeping force. It would subsequently be used heavily by U.S. forces during the Global War on Terrorism, including Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. In the U.S. Army, the M4 largely replaced M16A2s as the primary weapon of forward deployed personnel by 2005.[10] The M4 carbine also replaced most submachine guns and selected handguns in U.S. military service,[10] as it fires more effective rifle ammunition that offers superior stopping power and is better able to penetrate modern body armor.[citation needed] The United States Marine Corps has ordered its officers (up to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel) and staff non-commissioned officers to carry the M4 carbine instead of the M9 handgun.[11] This is in keeping with the Marine Corps doctrine, "Every Marine a rifleman". The Marine Corps, however, chose the full-sized M16A4 over the M4 as its standard infantry rifle. United States Navy corpsmen E5 and below are also issued M4s instead of the M9.[12] While ordinary riflemen in the Marine Corps were armed with M16A4s, M4s were fielded by troops in positions where a full-length rifle would be too bulky, including vehicle operators and fireteam and squad leaders. As of 2013, the U.S. Marine Corps had 80,000 M4 carbines in their inventory.[13][14] By July 2015, major Marine Corps commands were endorsing switching to the M4 over the M16A4 as the standard infantry rifle, just as the Army had done. This is because of the carbine's lighter weight, compact length, and ability to address modern combat situations that happen mostly within close quarters; if a squad needs to engage at longer ranges, the M27 IAR can be used as a designated marksman rifle. Approval of the change would move the M16 to support personnel, while armories already had the 17,000 M4s in the inventory needed to outfit all infantrymen who needed one.[15] In October 2015, Commandant Robert Neller formally approved of making the M4 carbine the primary weapon for all infantry battalions, security forces, and supporting schools in the U.S. Marine Corps. The switch was to begin in early 2016 and be completed by September 2016.[16] In December 2017, the Marine Corps revealed a decision to equip every Marine in an infantry squad with the M27, replacing the M4 in that part of the service.[17] MARSOC will retain the M4, as its shorter barrel is more suited to how they operate in confined spaces.[18] Improved M4[edit] On 1 July 2009, the U.S. Army took complete ownership of the M4 design.[19] This allowed companies other than Colt to compete with their own M4 designs. The Army planned on fielding the last of its M4 requirement in 2010.[19] On 30 October 2009, Army weapons officials proposed a series of changes to the M4 to Congress. Requested changes included an electronic round counter that records the number of shots fired, a heavier barrel, and possibly replacing the direct impingement system with a gas piston system. The benefits of this, however, have come under scrutiny from both the military and civilian firearms community.[20][21] According to a PDF detailing the M4 Carbine improvement plans released by PEO Soldier, the direct impingement system would be replaced only after reviews were done comparing the direct impingement system to commercial gas piston operating system to find out and use the best available operating system in the U.S. Army's improved M4A1.[22] In September 2010, the Army announced it would buy 12,000 M4A1s from Colt Firearms by the end of 2010, and would order 25,000 more M4A1s by early 2011. The service branch planned to buy 12,000 M4A1 conversion kits in early 2011. In late 2011, the Army bought 65,000 more conversion kits. From there the Army had to decide if it would upgrade all of its M4s.[23] On 21 April 2012, the U.S. Army announced to begin purchasing over 120,000 M4A1 carbines to start reequipping front line units from the original M4 to the new M4A1 version. The first 24,000 were to be made by Remington Arms Company. Remington was to produce the M4A1s from mid-2013 to mid-2014.[24] After completion of that contract, it was to be between Colt and Remington to produce over 100,000 more M4A1s for the U.S. Army. Because of efforts from Colt to sue the Army to force them not to use Remington to produce M4s, the Army reworked the original solicitation for new M4A1s to avoid legal issues from Colt.[25] On 16 November 2012, Colt's protest of Remington receiving the M4A1 production contract was dismissed.[26] Instead of the contract being re-awarded to Remington, the Army awarded the contract for 120,000 M4A1 carbines worth $77 million to FN Herstal on 22 February 2013.[27][28] The order is expected to be completed by 2018.[29] Army upgrades[edit] The M4 product improvement program (PIP) is the effort by the U.S. Army to modernize its inventory of M4 service rifles. Phase I consists of converting and replacing regular M4s with the M4A1 version. This variant of the rifle is fully automatic and has a heavier barrel, and is given ambidextrous fire controls. Phase II of the PIP explored developing a new bolt carrier. 11 designs were submitted. The competition was scheduled to conclude in summer 2013, but ended in April 2012. Over six months of testing revealed that the current bolt carrier assembly outperformed the competing designs, especially in the areas of reliability, durability, and high-temp and low-temp tests. Phase II also includes a competition for a free-floating forward rail assembly. The Army may award contracts to up to three finalists in early 2013, with the selection of a final winner in early 2014. If the Army determines that the winning rail system should be procured, delivery of new rail is anticipated by the summer of 2014.[30] In March 2015, the Army launched a market survey to see what the small-arms industry could offer to further enhance the M4A1 to an "M4A1+" standard. Several upgrade options include an extended forward rail that will allow for a free-floated barrel for improved accuracy with a low-profile gas block that would do away with the traditional triangular fixed front sight, removable front and rear flip-up back-up iron sights, a coyote tan or "neutral color" rail for reduced visual detection, a more effective flash suppressor/muzzle brake, an improved charging handle, and a new single-stage trigger module.[31] In June 2016, the M4A1+ was canceled after reviewing the offerings and determining that there were no major upgrades currently offered.[32]

Design[edit] M4 with M68 Close Combat Optic and AN/PAQ-4 The M4 and its variants fire 5.56×45mm NATO (and .223 Remington) ammunition, and are gas-operated, magazine-fed, selective fire firearms with either a multi-position telescoping stock or a fixed A2 or LE tactical stock.[33] The M4 is a shorter and lighter variant of the M16A2 rifle, with 80% parts commonality.[34] The M4 is similar to much earlier compact M16 versions, such as the 1960s-era XM177 family. Some of those visual similarities are obvious in both weapons. The M4 with the newer, redesigned telescoping stock As with many carbines, the M4 is handy and more convenient to carry than a full-length rifle. The price is slightly inferior ballistic performance compared to the full-size M16, with its 5.5" (14 cm) longer barrel. This becomes most apparent at ranges of 180 m (200 yards) and beyond. While the M4's maneuverability makes it a candidate for non-infantry troops (vehicle crews, clerks and staff officers), it also makes it ideal for close quarters battle (CQB). The M4, along with the M16A4, have mostly replaced the M16A2 in the Army and Marines. The U.S. Air Force, for example, has transitioned completely to the M4 for Security Forces squadrons, while other armed personnel retain the M16A2. The US Navy uses M4A1s for Special Operations and vehicle crews. Some features of the M4 and M4A1 compared to a full-length M16-series rifle include: Compact size Shortened barrel 14.5 in (370 mm), which includes the shorter carbine gas system. Telescoping buttstock However, there have been some criticisms of the carbine, such as lower muzzle velocities and louder report due to the shorter barrel, additional stress on parts because of the shorter gas system, and a tendency to overheat faster than the M16A2. Accessories[edit] An M4A1 just after firing, with an ejected case in mid-air; the M203 and M68 CCO are attached. Like all the variants of the M16, the M4 and the M4A1 can be fitted with many accessories, such as night vision devices, suppressors, laser pointers, telescopic sights, bipods, either the M203 or M320 grenade launchers, the M26 MASS shotgun, forward hand grips, and anything else compatible with a MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rail. Other common accessories include the AN/PEQ-2 and AN/PEQ-15 multi-mode laser and light modules, Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight (ACOG), and M68 CCO. EOTech holographic weapon sights are part of the SOPMOD II package. Visible and IR (infrared) lights of various manufacturers are also commonly attached using various mounting methods. As with all versions of the M16, the M4 accepts a blank-firing attachment (BFA) for training purposes. In January 2017, a USMC unit deployed with suppressors mounted to every infantry M4 service weapon. Exercises showed that having all weapons suppressed improved squad communication and surprise during engagements; disadvantages included additional heat and weight, increased maintenance, and the greater cost of equipping so many troops with the attachment.[35] Feedramps[edit] M4 feedramps are extended from the barrel extension into the upper receiver. This can help alleviate feeding problems which may occur as a result of the increased pressure of the shortened gas system of the M4. This problem is primarily seen in full-auto applications. SOPMOD Block I[edit] SOPMOD (Special Operations Peculiar Modification) Block I U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) developed the Special Operations Peculiar Modification (SOPMOD) Block I kit for the carbines used by units under its jurisdiction. The kit features an M4A1, a Rail Interface System (RIS) handguard developed by Knight's Armament Company, a shortened quick-detachable M203 grenade launcher and leaf sight, a KAC sound suppressor, a KAC back-up rear sight, an Insight Technologies AN/PEQ-2A visible laser/infrared designator, along with Trijicon's ACOG TA-01NSN model and Reflex sights, and a night vision sight. This kit was designed to be configurable (modular) for various missions, and the kit is currently in service with special operations units. SOPMOD Block II[edit] M4A1 SOPMOD Block II in Afghanistan 2012 A second-generation SOPMOD kit (now known as SOPMOD II) includes innovative optics, such as the Elcan Specter DR, Trijicon's ACOG TA01 ECOS model, and the Eotech 553. Block II uses the RIS II rails manufactured by Daniel Defense in both a 9.5 and 12.5 length.

Variants[edit] For more details on M4 carbine variants, see List of Colt AR-15 & M16 rifle variants. Except for the very first delivery order, all U.S. military-issue M4 and M4A1 carbines possess a flat-top NATO M1913-specification (Picatinny) rail on top of the receiver for attachment of optical sights and other aiming devices — Trijicon TA01 and TA31 Advanced Combat Optical Gunsights (ACOG), EOTech 550 series holographic sights, and Aimpoint M68 Close Combat Optic (M68 CCO) being the favorite choices — and a detachable rail-mounted carrying handle. Standards are the Colt Model 920 (M4) and 921 (M4A1). Variants of the carbine built by different manufacturers are also in service with many other foreign special forces units, such as the Australian Special Air Service Regiment (SASR). While the SASR uses weapons of essentially the same pattern built by Colt for export (Colt uses different models to separate weapons for the U.S. military and those for commercial/export purposes), the British SAS uses a variant on the basic theme, the Colt Canada (formerly Diemaco) C8SFW. M4 MWS (Modular Weapon System)[edit] M4 MWS (Modular Weapon System) shown with various accessories including M203 grenade launcher, RIS foregrip, removable carry handle/rear sight assembly, AN/PEQ-4 laser system, M68 CCO reflex sight, and the AN/PVS-4 night vision optics Colt Model 925 carbines were tested and fitted with the Knight's Armament Corporation (KAC) M4 RAS under the designation M4E2, but this designation appears to have been scrapped in favor of mounting this system to existing carbines without changing the designation. The U.S. Army Field Manual specifies for the Army that adding the Rail Adapter System (RAS) turns the weapon into the M4 MWS or Modular Weapon System. M4A1[edit] The M4A1 carbine is a fully automatic variant of the basic M4 carbine intended for special operations use. The M4A1 was introduced in May 1991, and was in service in 1994. The M4A1 has a "S-1-F" (safe/semi-automatic/fully automatic) trigger group, while the M4 has a "S-1-3" (safe/semi-automatic/3-round burst) trigger group. The M4A1 is used by almost all U.S special operation units including, but not limited to, Marine Force Recon, Army Rangers, Army Special Forces, Navy SEALs, United States Air Force Pararescue and Air Force Combat Control Teams. It has a maximum effective range of about 500 to 600 meters (550–660 yd).[6] The fully automatic trigger gives a more consistent trigger pull, which leads to better accuracy.[36] According to Mark A. Westrom, owner of ArmaLite, Inc., automatic fire is better for clearing rooms than burst fire.[37] In the last few years, M4A1 carbines have been refitted or received straight from the factory with barrels with a thicker profile under the handguard. This is for a variety of reasons such as heat dissipation during full-auto, and accuracy as a byproduct of barrel weight. These heavier barrel weapons are also fitted with a heavier buffer known as the H2. Out of three sliding weights inside the buffer, the H2 possesses two tungsten weights and one steel weight, versus the standard H buffer, which uses one tungsten weight and two steel weights. These weapons, known by Colt as the Model 921HB (for Heavy Barrel), have also been designated M4A1, and as far as the government is concerned the M4A1 represents both the 921 and 921HB. Conversion of M4s to the M4A1 began in 2014, the start of all U.S. Army forces being equipped with the automatic variant.[38] Though in service with special forces, combat in Afghanistan showed the need for providing automatic suppression fires during fire and movement for regular soldiers. The 101st Airborne Division began fielding new-built M4A1s in 2012, and the U.S. 1st Infantry Division became the first unit to convert their M4s to M4A1-standard in May 2014. Upgrades included a heavier barrel to better dissipate heat from sustained automatic firing, which also helps the rifles use the M855A1 EPR that has higher proof pressures and puts more strain on barrels. The full-auto trigger group has a more consistent trigger pull, whereas the burst group's pull varies on where the fire control group is set, resulting in more predictable and better accuracy on semi-automatic fire. Another addition is an ambidextrous selector lever for easier use with left-handed shooters. The M4-M4A1 conversion only increases weapon weight from 7.46 lb (3.38 kg) to 7.74 lb (3.51 kg), counting a back-up iron sight, forward pistol grip, empty magazine, and sling. Each carbine upgrade costs $240 per rifle, for a total cost of $120 million for half a million conversions. 300 conversions can be done per day to equip a brigade combat team per week, with all M4A1 conversions to be completed by 2019.[39][40] Mark 18 CQBR[edit] An M4A1 with a Close Quarter Battle Receiver. The barrel length is 10.3 inches. Main article: Close Quarters Battle Receiver The Mk 18 Close Quarters Battle Receiver is an M4A1 with a 10.3-inch barrel upper receiver.[41] Current contractors for the Mark 18 are Colt and Lewis Machine & Tool (LMT) NSN 1005-01-527-2288. Enhanced M4[edit] For the Individual Carbine competition, Colt submitted their Enhanced M4 design, also known as the Colt Advanced Piston Carbine (APC). The weapon has a suppression-ready fluted barrel, which is lighter and cools better than previous M4 barrels. It is claimed to have "markedly better" accuracy. To improve reliability, Colt used an articulating link piston (ALP) which "reduces the inherent stress in the piston stroke by allowing for deflection and thermal expansion".[42] In traditional gas piston operating systems, the force of the piston striking the bolt carrier can push the bolt carrier downwards and into the wall of the buffer tube, leading to accelerated wear and even chipped metal. This is known as carrier tilt. The ALP allows the operating rod to wiggle to correct for the downward pressure on the bolt and transfers the force straight backwards in line with the bore and buffer assembly, eliminating the carrier tilt. This relieves stress on parts and helps to increase accuracy.[43] The Individual Carbine competition was canceled before a winning weapon was chosen.[36] Colt Commando[edit] Though Colt has focused its attention on carbines with 14.5-inch barrels and rifles with 20-inch barrels, Colt continues to make carbines with 11.5-inch barrels, which it calls Commandos. The Colt Model 733, is their first design, and it was made in 1987. It was referred to as the M16A2 Commando, and later the M4 Commando. Unlike the XM177, the Colt Commando was a shorter variant of the M16A2. Originally, Commandos were assembled from whatever spare parts are available, so Model 733 Commandos could have A1-style upper receivers with case deflectors or A2-style upper receivers, and M16A1-profile 1:7 or M16A2-profile 1:7 barrels. Depending on the specific models, Commandos may have had three-position fire control groups (safe/semi-automatic/three-round burst), or four-position having both full-automatic and burst. The modern Model 933 has a "flattop" receiver, with a removable carrying handle and a MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rail, with semi-automatic and automatic fire. The Model 935 Commando has the features of the Model 933, but has three-round burst fire instead of automatic. Though originally called the M16A2 Commando, Colt markets them as the M4 Commando around 1995. Armwest LLC M4[edit] In 2014, American firearms designer Jim Sullivan provided a video interview regarding his contributions to the M16/M4 family of rifles when working for Armalite. A noted critic of the M4, he illustrates the deficiencies found in the rifle in its current configuration. In the video, he demonstrates his "Arm West LLC modified M4", with enhancements he believes necessary to rectify the issues with the weapon. Proprietary issues aside, the weapon is said to borrow features in his prior development, the Ultimax. Sullivan has stated (without exact details as to how) the weapon can fire from the closed bolt in semi-automatic and switch to open bolt when firing in fully automatic, improving accuracy. The weight of the cyclic components of the gun has been doubled (while retaining the weapon's weight at less than 8 pounds). Compared to the standard M4, which in automatic fires 750-950 rounds a minute, the rate of fire of the Arm West M4 is heavily reduced both to save ammunition and reduce barrel wear. The reduced rate also renders the weapon more controllable and accurate in automatic firing.[44]

Performance[edit] A U.S. Navy sailor fires an M4 carbine from the warship USS Vella Gulf. The M4 carbine has been used for close quarters operations where the M16 would be too long and bulky to use effectively. It has been a compact, light, customizable, and accurate weapon. This has come at the cost of reliability and maintainability. Failure to maintain the M4 causes malfunctions. This became apparent as it saw continued use in the sandy environments of Iraq and Afghanistan.[45] Despite this, in post-combat surveys, 94 percent of soldiers rated the M4 as an effective weapons system.[46] Early feedback[edit] By late 2002, 89 percent of U.S. troops reported they were confident with the M4, but they had a range of problems. 34 percent of users said the handguards rattled and became excessively hot when firing, and 15 percent had trouble zeroing the M68 Close Combat Optic. 35 percent added barber brushes and 24 percent added dental picks to their cleaning kits. There were many malfunctions, including 20 percent of users experiencing a double feed, 15 percent experiencing feeding jams, and 13 percent saying that feeding problems were due to magazines. 20 percent of users were dissatisfied with weapon maintenance. Some had trouble locking the magazine into the weapon and having to chamber a round in order to lock the magazine. Soldiers also asked for a larger round to be able to kill targets with one shot. New optics and handguards made usage of the M4 easier, and good weapon maintenance reduced the number of misfeeds.[47] 2006 CNA report[edit] In December 2006, the Center for Naval Analyses released a report on U.S. small arms in combat. The CNA conducted surveys on 2,608 troops returning from combat in Iraq and Afghanistan over the past 12 months. Only troops who fired their weapons at enemy targets were allowed to participate. 917 troops were armed with M4 Carbines, making up 35 percent of the survey. 89 percent of M4 users (816 troops) reported they were satisfied with the weapon. 90 percent (825 troops) were satisfied with handling qualities such as handguards, size, and weight. M4 users had the highest levels of satisfaction with weapon performance, including 94 percent (862 troops) with accuracy, 92 percent (844 troops) with range, and 93 percent (853 troops) with rate of fire. Only 19 percent of M4 users (174 troops) reported a stoppage, while 82 percent of those that experienced a stoppage said it had little impact on their ability to clear the stoppage and re-engage their target. 53 percent of the M4 users (486 troops) never experienced failures of their magazines to feed. 81 percent (743 troops) did not need their rifles repaired while in theater. 80 percent (734 troops) were confident in the M4's reliability, defined as level of soldier confidence their weapon will fire without malfunction, and 83 percent (761 troops) were confident in its durability, defined as level of soldier confidence their weapon will not break or need repair. Both factors were attributed to high levels of soldiers performing their own maintenance. 54 percent of M4 users offered recommendations for improvements. 20 percent of requests were for greater bullet lethality, and 10 percent was better quality magazines, as well as other minor recommendations. Some M16 users expressed their desire to be issued the M4.[48] Some issues have been addressed with the issuing of the improved STANAG magazine in March 2009,[49][50] and the M855A1 Enhanced Performance Round in June 2010.[51] 2007 dust test[edit] In the fall 2007, the Army tested the M4 against three other carbines in "sandstorm conditions" at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland: the Heckler & Koch XM8, Fabrique Nationale de Herstal SOF Combat Assault Rifle (SCAR) and the Heckler & Koch HK416. Ten of each type of rifle were used to fire 6,000 rounds each, for a total of 60,000 rounds per rifle type.[52] The M4 suffered far more stoppages than its competitors: 882 stoppages, 19 requiring an armorer to fix. The XM8 had the fewest stoppages, 116 minor stoppages and 11 major ones, followed by the FN SCAR with 226 stoppages and the HK416 with 233.[53][54] Despite 863 minor stoppages—termed "class one" stoppages which require 10 seconds or less to clear, or "class two" stoppages which require more than ten seconds to clear—the M4 functioned well, with over 98 percent of the 60,000 total rounds firing without a problem. The Army said it planned to improve the M4 with a new cold-hammer-forged barrel to give longer life and more reliable magazines to reduce the stoppages. Magazine failures caused 239 of the M4's 882 failures. Army officials said the new magazines could be combat-ready by spring if testing went well.[55] The Army began issuing an improved STANAG magazine in March 2009.[49][50] According to the Army, the M4 only suffered 296 stoppages, and said that the high number reported could be attributed to discrepancies in the scoring process. The Army testing command stated that if the number of stoppages caused by a broken part met some threshold, they would be eliminated from the final report pending redesign of the part. Colt also claimed that the testing conditions were unfair to the M4, as the M4s used in the test were normal guns from active inventory, with remaining service life varying randomly. Further, the trial M4s had burst-mode fire groups, which are more complicated and prone to failure than the fully automatic fire groups the other manufacturers presented for testing.[56] There were three extreme dust tests performed in 2007. The 2nd Summer 2007 results showed a large difference from the later fall test with the M4 having 148 class 1 stoppages due to rifle malfunctions and 148 class 1 stoppages due to magazine stoppages. The full-size M16 rifle had a total of 61 stoppages during the same extreme dust test.[57] Reliability[edit] In early 2010, two journalists from the New York Times spent three months with soldiers and Marines in Afghanistan. While there, they questioned around 100 infantrymen about the reliability of their M4 Carbines, as well as the M16 rifle. Troops did not report to be suffering reliability problems with their rifles. While only 100 troops were asked, they fought at least a dozen intense engagements in Helmand Province, where the ground is covered in fine powdered sand (called "moon dust" by troops) that can stick to firearms. Weapons were often dusty, wet, and covered in mud. Intense firefights lasted hours with several magazines being expended. Only one soldier reported a jam when his M16 was covered in mud after climbing out of a canal. The weapon was cleared and resumed firing with the next chambered round. Furthermore, a Marine Chief Warrant Officer reported that with his battalion's 700 M4s and 350 M16s, there were no issues.[58] The reliability of the M4 has increased as the design was upgraded. In 1990, the M4 was required to fire 600 mean rounds between stoppages using M855 ammunition. In 2013, the current M4A1 version can fire 1,691 mean rounds between stoppages using M855A1 ammunition.[59] During the 2009 Marine Corps Infantry Automatic Rifle testing the Colt IAR displayed a MRBS of CLASS I/II Stoppages of 952 rounds, with a MRBEFF of Class III Stoppages of 60,000 rounds.[60] Gas piston[edit] An array of firearms accessory makers have offered gas piston conversion kits for the M4. The claimed benefits include less needed lubrication for the bolt carrier group to run reliably and reduced fouling.[61] The argument against it is increased weight and reduced accuracy.[citation needed] The Enhanced M4 uses an articulating link piston operating system. Complicating the Army search for higher reliability in the M4 is a number of observations of M4 gas piston alternatives that suffer unintended design problems. The first is that many of the gas piston modifications for the M4 isolate the piston so that piston jams or related malfunction require the entire weapon be disassembled, such disassembly cannot be performed by the end user and requires a qualified armorer to perform out of field, whereas almost any malfunction with the direct-impingement system can be fixed by the end user in field. The second is that gas piston alternatives use an off-axis operation of the piston that can introduce carrier tilt, whereby the bolt carrier fails to enter the buffer tube at a straight angle, resulting in part wearing. This can also tilt the bolt during extraction, leading to increased bolt lug failures. The third is that the use of a sound suppressor results in hot gases entering the chamber, regardless of a direct-gas impingement or gas piston design choice. The gas piston system may also cause the firearm to become proprietary to the manufacturer, making modifications and changes with parts from other manufacturers difficult.[21][62]

Manufacturers[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Colt's Manufacturing Company Lewis Machine and Tool Company in Milan, Illinois, US Bushmaster Firearms International, US U.S. Ordnance, US Remington Arms Company, US THOR Global Defense Group, US Daniel Defense in Black Creek, Georgia, US Forjas Taurus São Leopoldo, RS, Brazil FN Herstal, Belgium. Bravo Company Manufacturing, in Hartland, Wisconsin, US Black Label Armory, US SME Ordnance, Malaysia[63] Sarsılmaz, Turkey[64]

Trademark issues[edit] The M4 was developed and produced for the United States government by Colt Firearms, which had an exclusive contract to produce the M4 family of weapons through 2011.[65] However, a number of other manufacturers offer M4-like firearms. Colt previously held a U.S. trademark on the term "M4".[66] Many manufacturers have production firearms that are essentially identical to a military M4, but with a 16" barrel. The Bushmaster M4 Type Carbine is a popular example. Civilian models are sometimes colloquially referred to as "M4gery" (/ɛmˈfɔːrdʒəri/ em-FOR-jə-ree, a portmanteau of "M4" and "forgery"). Colt had maintained that it retains sole rights to the M4 name and design. Other manufacturers had long maintained that Colt had been overstating its rights, and that "M4" had now become a generic term for a shortened AR-15. In April 2004, Colt filed a lawsuit against Heckler & Koch and Bushmaster Firearms, claiming acts of trademark infringement, trade dress infringement, trademark dilution, false designation of origin, false advertising, patent infringement, unfair competition, and deceptive trade practices. Heckler & Koch later settled out of court, changing one product's name from "HK M4" to "HK416". However, on December 8, 2005, a District court judge in Maine granted a summary judgment in favor of Bushmaster Firearms, dismissing all of Colt's claims except for false advertising. On the latter claim, Colt could not recover monetary damages. The court also ruled that "M4" was now a generic name, and that Colt's trademark should be revoked.[67]

Users[edit]  Afghanistan: Used only by Afghan Army commandos.[68][69] M4s sold as part of a 2006 Foreign Military Sales package.[70] Additional M4s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71]  Albania: Used by Albanian Land Force 2015.[72]  Antigua and Barbuda: M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Argentina: Used by Argentine Army, Argentine Navy and Argentine National Gendarmerie[73]  Australia: Used by the Special Operations Command, Clearance Divers.[74]  Bolivia[citation needed]  Bosnia & Herzegovina: M4A1s used by the military and air guard units.[71]  Bangladesh: Used by Bangladesh Army Paracommandos, Dhaka Metropolitan Police SWAT teams and Special Warfare Diving And Salvage.[75][76]  Bahrain: M4A1s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Belize: M4s/M4A1s sold as part of a 2006 Foreign Military Sales package.[70] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Brazil: Used by Military Police of Espirito Santo State, Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State,[77] the Brazilian Federal Police and Special Forces of the Brazilian Army and Brazilian Navy.[78]  Canada: Used by various police units.[79] License made copies continue to be developed by Colt Canada, a successor to DIEMACO, and are known collectively as the C8 carbine.  Croatia: User since 2003, several hundred purchased for Croatian ISF contingent as well as special forces in Croatia.[80]  Czech Republic: Bushmaster M4A3 B.M.A.S. is used by (601st Special forces group, Military police, 43rd Airborne mechanized battalion) of Czech Army.[81]  Colombia: M4A1s as part of a 2008 Foreign Military Sales.[71] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Ecuador: M4s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71]  Egypt[82]  El Salvador: M4s sold as part of a 2007 Foreign Military Sales package.[83] Additional M4s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71]  Georgia: Bushmaster AR-15 and M4 for police and military. A concept analogue, the G13 carbine was developed by the Scientific Technical Center Delta in 2012.[84][85][86] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Ghana[87][88][89]  Greece: Used by EKAM, All SF Army, Navy, Airforce units.[90]  Hungary: M4A1 SOPMOD by Hungarian MH 34th Bercsényi László special operation battalion[91] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  India: M4A1s as part of a 2008 Foreign Military Sales.[71] M4A1 is used by the Mizoram Armed Police, PARA, MARCOS, Garud and Force One of the Mumbai Police.[92][93]  Indonesia: Used by Detachment 88 Counter-terrorism Police Squad operators.[94] Also used by Komando Pasukan Katak (Kopaska) tactical diver group and Komando Pasukan Khusus (Kopassus) special forces group.[95]  Iraq: Used by the Iraqi Army.[96] Main weapon of the Iraqi National Counter-Terrorism Force.[97] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Iraqi Kurdistan[citation needed]  Israel: Sold as part of a January 2001 Foreign Military Sales package to Israel.[98]  Italy: Special Forces[99]  Jamaica: M4s sold as part of a 2007 Foreign Military Sales package.[83]  Japan: M4A1s as part of a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71] M4A1 SOPMOD rifles are in use by the Japanese Special Forces Group.[100]  Jordan: M4s sold as part of a 2007 Foreign Military Sales package.[83] Additional M4s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Kuwait[101]  Lebanon: M4 components being sold to Lebanese special forces.[102] M4/M4A1s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Liberia: Used by Liberian Emergency Response Unit.[citation needed]  Macedonia: M4s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71]  Malaysia: Made under license by SME Ordnance Sdn Bhd.[63] Used by military and police special forces,[103]    Nepal: Sold as part of a 2005 Foreign Military Sales package.[104]  New Zealand: Used by NZSAS operators and standard issue to New Zealand Police including Special Tactics Group and Armed Offenders Squad units.[105][106][107]  Pakistan: M4A1 variant used by Special Services Group of the Pakistan Army and special Security Unit of sindh police.[108][109] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Palestinian Authority: Used by Palestinian security forces.[110][better source needed]  Panama: M4A1s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71] More M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Philippines: Colt M4/M4A1s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71] New orders for 63,000 R4A3 rifles from Remington Arms for the Philippine Army and the Philippine Marine Corps.[111][112] Several units also used by the Defense Intelligence and Security Group.[113]  Poland: Used by Wojska Specjalne military unit JW Grom.[114]  Portugal: Used by Marines special forces DAE (Destacamento de Acções Especiais).[115]  Romania: M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Russia: Used captured Georgian M4s by the Spetsnaz in the 2008 Russian-Georgian War.[116]  Senegal: M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Serbia: Used by various police units.[117]  Singapore: Used by the Singapore Armed Forces Commando Formation and the Police Coast Guard (only the Port Squadron and the Coastal Patrol Squadron) of the Singapore Police Force.[118]  Slovakia: M4/M4A1s announced to be sold via FMS program in 2017.[73]  Taiwan: Used by Republic of China Army and National Police Agency[119]  Thailand: M4A1s sold as part of a 2006 Foreign Military Sales package.[70]  Tonga: M4/M4A1s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.[71]  Turkey: Produced under licence by Sarsılmaz Arms.[64] Used by Turkish Armed Forces[120][unreliable source?]  United Arab Emirates: Purchased 2,500 M4 carbines in 1993.[121]  United States[122]  Yemen: M4s sold as part of a 2006 Foreign Military Sales package.[70] U.S. civilian ownership[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Sales of select-fire or fully automatic M4s by Colt are restricted to military and law enforcement agencies. Only under special circumstances[vague] can a private citizen own an M4 in a select-fire or fully automatic configuration.[citation needed] While many machine guns can be legally owned with a proper tax stamp from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, an amendment to the Firearm Owners Protection Act of 1986 barred the transfer to private citizens of machine guns made or registered in the U.S. after May 19, 1986. The only exception was for Special Occupational Taxpayers (SOT): licensed machine gun dealers with demonstration letters, manufacturers, and those dealing in exports and imports. As such, only the earliest Colt M4 prototypes built prior to May 19, 1986 would be legal to own by civilians not in the categories mentioned.[citation needed] The modular nature of the AR-15 design, however, makes it a relatively simple matter to fit M4-specific components to a "pre-'86" select-fire AR-15 lower receiver, producing an "M4" in all but name. The M4 falls under restrictions of Title II (National Firearms Act): the 14.5 inch barrel makes the M4 a Short Barrel Rifle (SBR) and select fire capability (semi-automatic and full automatic or burst-automatic) makes the M4 a machinegun. Civilian replicas of the M4 typically have 16 inch barrels (or standard 14.5 inch M4 barrels with permanently attached flash suppressors to bring the effective length to 16 inches) and are semi-automatic-only to meet the legal definition of a rifle under Title I (Gun Control Act). Civilian-legal M4s are also popular with police as a patrol carbine.

See also[edit] Military of the United States portal Comparison of the AK-47 and M16 SIG Sauer SIG516, an M16-based rifle LWRC M6, a competing M4-based weapon Brown Enhanced Automatic Rifle, a competing M16/M4-based weapon R5 RGP, an AR-15 variant Replacement attempts[edit] XM8 rifle: canceled in 2005 Close Quarters Battle Receiver: successful replacement Individual Carbine: canceled in 2013. Candidates included: Barrett REC7 PDW Beretta ARX 160 Remington ACR FN SCAR Heckler & Koch HK416 LWRC M6A4 Robinson Arms XCR SIG 556 Colt ACC-M

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External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to M4. Colt M4's Law Enforcement page and Colt M4's Military page US Army M4 fact file The AR-15/M16 Magazine FAQ U.S. Army Won't Field Rifle Deemed Superior to M4 Online Army Study Guide Current U.S. infantry service weapons and cartridges Handguns M9 M11 Mk 25 P229R DAK M45A1 Mk 23 Mk 24 Glock 19 Ruger KP95D Rifles Assault rifles and Battle rifles M16 M27 Mk 16 Mk 17 Mk 14 M14 Carbines and Personal defense weapons HK416 M4 GUU-5/P M231 Mk 18 Designated marksman rifles Mk 14 M39 M14 M21A5 M25 Mk 12 SDMR SEAL Recon Rifle Anti-materiel rifles and Sniper rifles M40 Mk 21 M2010 Mk 13 M110 Mk 11 Mk 20 M82 Mk 15 Shotguns M870 M500 M26 M1014 Submachine guns MP5 MP7A1 Colt 9mm SMG Machine guns M2 M249 Mk 46 M27 M240 M60 Mk 48 Ordnance Grenade launchers Mk 13 M320 M203 M79 XM25 M32 Mk 19 Mk 47 Mortars M120 M224 M252 M327 Rockets M72 M202 Mk 153 M141 M3 M136 Missiles BGM-71 TOW FGM-148 Javelin FIM-92 Stinger AFV Guns M242 M68 M256 Cartridges 12-gauge 9×19mm NATO .45 ACP 5.56×45mm NATO 7.62×51mm NATO .300 Winchester Magnum 338 Lapua .50 BMG 40×46mm & 40×53mm 25×137mm ArmaLite AR-10 derivatives Battle rifles Standard ArmaLite AR-10 Heckler & Koch HK417 MPT-76 Sniper rifles M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System Marine Scout Sniper Rifle Mk 12 Special Purpose Rifle SEAL Recon Rifle SR-25 United States Marine Corps Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle Assault rifles Standard ArmaLite AR-15 M16 rifle variants Colt Advanced Piston Carbine Colt ACR Colt Canada C7 Adcor A-556 Barrett REC7 Barrett M468 Heckler & Koch HK416 KH-2002 Knight's Armament Company SR-47 LR-300 LWRC M6 Norinco CQ PVAR Remington GPC Safir T-series SOCIMI AR-831 T65 T86 T91 Carbines CAR-15 M4 carbine Bushmaster M4-type Carbine Close Quarters Battle Receiver CMMG Mk45 G13 carbine Olympic Arms OA-93 SIG516 Special Operations Assault Rifle Submachine guns Colt 9mm SMG CAR-15 Submachine Gun La France M16K Personal defense weapons Colt MARS AR-57 AAC Honey Badger PDW GA Personal Defense Weapon Machine guns Colt Automatic Rifle Ares Shrike 5.56 M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle Semi-automatic rifles Centerfire Colt AR-15 variants AR-15 style rifle Bushmaster XM-15 Heckler & Koch MR223 Heckler & Koch MR308 Ruger SR-556 SIG MCX SIG Sauer SIG516 SIG Sauer SIGM400 Smith & Wesson M&P10 Smith & Wesson M&P15 CMMG Mk47 Mutant Rimfire Armi Jager AP-74 Smith & Wesson M&P15-22 Shotguns Intrepid RAS-12 Safir T-series UTAS XTR-12 Pistols Carbon 15 Olympic Arms OA-93 Other developments M231 Firing Port Weapon CM901 Daewoo K2 v t e Equipment of the United States Air Force Active service & Aircraft designation A - Attack A/OA-10A/C Thunderbolt II AC-130H/U/J/W Spectre/Spooky II/Ghostrider/Stinger II B - Strategic bomber B-1B Lancer B-2A Spirit B-52H Stratofortress C - Cargo transport C-5A/B/C Galaxy C-5M Super Galaxy C-12C/D/F Huron C-17A Globemaster III C-20B Gulfstream III C-20H Gulfstream IV C-21A Learjet C-27J Spartan C-37A Gulfstream V C-40B/C Clipper C-130E/H/J/J-30 Hercules CV-22B Osprey E - Electronic warfare E-3B/C Sentry E-4B E-8C Joint STARS E-9A Widget E-11A BACN EC-130H Compass Call EC-130J Commando Solo F - Air superiority & Multirole fighter F-15C/D Eagle F-15E Strike Eagle F-16C/D Fighting Falcon F-22A Raptor F-35A Lightning II H - Search and rescue HC-130P/N King HC-130J Combat King II HH-60G/MH-60G Pave Hawk K - Tanker KC-10A Extender KC-135E/R/T Stratotanker L - Cold weather LC-130H M - Multi-mission CV-22 Osprey MC-130E/H/J/P Combat Talon I/Combat Talon II/Commando II/Combat Shadow MC-12W Liberty O - Observation OC-135B Open Skies Q - Remotely Piloted MQ-1 Predator MQ-9 Reaper RQ-4A Global Hawk RQ-11B Raven RQ-170 Sentinel R - Reconnaissance RC-26B Condor RC-135S/U/V/W COBRA BALL/Combat Sent/Rivet Joint Scan Eagle RU-2S Dragon Lady Wasp III T - Trainer T-1A Jayhawk T-6A Texan II (A)T-38A/B/C Talon II TG-10B/C/D TG-15A/B Diamond T-52A U - Utility UH-1N Iroquois UH-1H/N/V Huey UV-18A/B Twin Otter U-28A V – VIP/staff transport VC-9C VC-25A (Air Force One) C-32A/B (Air Force Two) C-40B/C Clipper W – Weather reconnaissance WC-130J Hercules WC-135W Constant Phoenix Other/undesignated An-26 (6th SOS) CN-235-100 (427th SOS) Mi-8 (6th SOS) Space systems Launch vehicle Atlas V Delta II Delta IV Satellite Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS) Defense Support Program (DSP) Global Positioning System (GPS) Milstar Satellite Communications System Space-Based Infrared System (SBIRS) Wideband Global SATCOM Ground systems C2 AN/USQ-163 Falconer AN/GSQ-272 Sentinel Ground-based radar AN/FPQ-16 Perimeter Acquisition Attack Characterization System (PARCS) AN/FPS-123 Early Warning Radar (EWR) AN/FPS-132 Upgraded Early Warning Radar (UEWR) AN/FPS-85 AN/FPS-133 Air Force Space Surveillance System (AFSSS) AN/FSQ-114 Ground-Based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance (GEODSS) AN/FSQ-224 Morón Optical Space Surveillance (MOSS) Rapid Attack, Identification, Detection, and Reporting System (RAIDRS) Ground vehicle HMMWV LSSV R-5 Refueler R-9 Refueler R-11 Refueler C300 Munitions Bomb Mk-82 Mk-84 GBU-10 Paveway II GBU-12 Paveway II GBU-15 GBU-24 Paveway III GBU-27 Paveway III GBU-28 GBU-31 JDAM GBU-32 JDAM GBU-38 JDAM GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb GBU-44/B Viper Strike GBU-53/B Small Diameter Bomb II GBU-54 Laser JDAM CBU-87 Combined Effects Munition CBU-89 Gator CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon BLU-109/B Bomb BLU-116 Bunker Buster B61 Nuclear Bomb B83 Nuclear Bomb Gun GAU-8 Avenger M61 Vulcan GAU-12 GAU-13 GAU-19 M240 L/60 Bofors M102 ATK GAU-23/A M2 Browning Minigun Missile AIM-7M Sparrow AIM-9M/X Sidewinder LGM-30G Minuteman III AGM-65A/B/D/E/G/G2/H/K Maverick AGM-84 Harpoon AGM-84E Standoff Land Attack Missile AGM-84H/K Standoff Land Attack Missile - Expanded Response AGM-86B/C/D Air-Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) AGM-88A/B/C High-speed Anti-radiation Missile (HARM) AGM-114 Hellfire Air-to-Surface Missile (ASM) AIM-120B/C Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) AGM-130 Powered Standoff Weapon AGM-154A Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) AGM-158 Joint Air-to-Surface Stand-off Missile (JASSM) AGM-176 Griffin Zuni rocket Target BQM-34 Firebee BQM-167 Subscale Aerial Target MQM-107 Streaker QF-4 Aerial Target Small arms Sidearm/PDW M11 Pistol M9 Pistol M17 Pistol MP5 submachine gun USAF Pilot's Survival Knife Rifle/Carbine GUU-5/P Carbine M4 carbine M14 Stand-off Munitions Disruptor (SMUD) M16A2 Rifle M24 Sniper Weapon System M107 Long Range Sniper Rifle Mk 14 Mod 0 Enhanced Battle Rifle Support/CQB M60 machine gun M2HB Browning machine gun M240B Medium Machine Gun M249 light machine gun M1014 shotgun Remington 870 MCS shotgun Ordnance M136 AT4 Light Anti-tank Weapon M18A1 Claymore Mine M67 Fragmentation Grenade M72 Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW) M79 grenade launcher MK-19 automatic grenade launcher Uniforms & other equipment Airman Battle Uniform (ABU) Airman Combat Uniform (ACU) Flight Suit Physical Training Uniform Service Dress Uniform Mess dress CMU – 33A/P22P-18 v t e Colt's Manufacturing Company Revolvers 19th Century M1860 Army M1851 Navy Dragoon Model 1855 M1861 Navy Paterson Pocket Percussion Walker Open Top Open Top Pocket Model House New Line Single Action Army Buntline M1877 M1878 M1889 M1892 20th Century Model 1905 New Police New Service Official Police Police Positive Police Positive Special Anaconda Cobra Detective Special Diamondback King Cobra Python Trooper Semi-automatic pistols M1911 Colt 2000 Ace Commander Delta Elite Double Eagle M1900 M1902 Model 1903 Pocket Hammer Model 1903 Pocket Hammerless Model 1908 Vest Pocket Officer's ACP Woodsman SSP Mustang Rifles, PDWs, and Machine Guns OHWS SCAMP Burgess Lightning Carbine M1839 Carbine Revolving Rifle Ring Lever AR-15 variants M1895 Colt-Browning machine gun M16 CAR-15 M4 Carbine Colt Automatic Rifle C7 Advanced Colt Carbine-Monolithic ACR MARS 9mm SMG Cartridges Revolver .32 Long Colt .38 Short Colt .38 Long Colt .41 Long Colt .44 Colt .45 Colt Semi-automatic pistol .25 ACP .32 ACP .380 ACP .38 ACP .45 ACP People Samuel Colt Elizabeth Jarvis Colt Richard Jarvis William Mason Charles Brinckerhoff Richards Related Colt Armory Colt Defense National Arms Company Retrieved from "" Categories: 5.56 mm firearmsAssault riflesCarbinesColt riflesPolice weaponsRifles of the United StatesUnited States Marine Corps equipmentArmaLite AR-10 derivativesHidden categories: CS1 Malay-language sources (ms)Webarchive template wayback linksAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from October 2015Articles with dead external links from June 2016CS1 Croatian-language sources (hr)Articles with Italian-language external linksCS1 uses Japanese-language script (ja)CS1 Japanese-language sources (ja)All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from September 2017Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016Articles with unsourced statements from August 2011Articles needing additional references from April 2017All articles needing additional referencesArticles with unsourced statements from October 2017All articles lacking reliable referencesArticles lacking reliable references from November 2017Articles lacking reliable references from May 2016Articles needing additional references from October 2016All Wikipedia articles needing clarificationWikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2017Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012

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M4_Carbine - Photos and All Basic Informations

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M4 (disambiguation)Vertical Forward GripCarbineColombian ConflictWikipedia:Citation NeededMoro ConflictKosovo WarWar In Afghanistan (2001–present)Iraq WarSyrian Civil WarWikipedia:Citation Needed2013 Lahad Datu StandoffIraqi Civil War (2014-present)Yemeni Civil War (2015-present)Battle Of MarawiClose Quarters Battle ReceiverPound (mass)KilogramStock (firearms)Gun BarrelCartridge (firearms)5.56×45mm NATOCaliberAction (firearms)Gas-operatedRotating BoltDirect ImpingementRate Of FireMuzzle Velocity5.56×45mm NATOBox MagazineSTANAG MagazineIron SightsM16A2 RifleAssault Rifle5.56×45mm NATODirect ImpingementGas-operatedCarbineTelescoping StockUnited States Armed ForcesUnited States ArmyUnited States Marine CorpsInfantryM203 Grenade LauncherM320 Grenade Launcher ModuleSemi-automatic FirearmBurst Mode (firearm)Automatic FirearmM16 RifleCAR-15Vietnam WarGAU-5Colt's Manufacturing CompanyRiflingM203 Grenade LauncherWikipedia:Citation NeededKosovoKFORGlobal War On TerrorismOperation Enduring FreedomOperation Iraqi FreedomSubmachine GunStopping PowerWikipedia:Citation NeededUnited States Marine CorpsOfficer (armed Forces)Military RankLieutenant Colonel (United States)Non-commissioned OfficerBeretta M9RiflemanM16 RifleUnited States NavyCorpsmenFireteamM27 IARDesignated Marksman RifleMarine Corps CommandantRobert NellerMARSOCDirect ImpingementGas-operated ReloadingRemington Arms CompanyFN HerstalRail Integration SystemEnlargeAimpoint CompM25.56×45mm NATO.223 RemingtonAmmunitionGas-operatedMagazine (firearms)FirearmTelescoping StockGAU-5EnlargeStock (firearm)CarbineRifleInfantryClose Quarters BattleUnited States Air ForceMuzzle VelocityEnlargeCartridge (firearms)M203 Grenade LauncherAimpoint CompM2BipodM203 Grenade LauncherM320 Grenade Launcher ModuleM26 Modular Accessory Shotgun SystemPicatinny RailAN/PEQ-2Advanced Combat Optical GunsightAimpoint CompM2EOTechBlank-firing AttachmentSuppressorEnlargeUnited States Special Operations CommandSOPMODM203 Grenade LauncherSight (device)SuppressorAN/PEQ-2LaserInfraredRed Dot SightNight Vision DeviceEnlargeSOPMODElcanList Of Colt AR-15 & M16 Rifle VariantsNATOPicatinny RailReceiver (firearms)TrijiconAdvanced Combat Optical GunsightEOTechAimpoint ABAimpoint CompM2Australian Special Air Service RegimentSpecial Air ServiceColt CanadaDiemacoC8 RifleEnlargeM203 Grenade LauncherAimpoint CompM2AN/PVS-4Knight's Armament CorporationSpecial ForcesMarine Force Recon75th Ranger RegimentArmy Special ForcesNavy SealsUnited States Air Force PararescueCombat ControllerArmaLite101st Airborne DivisionU.S. 1st Infantry DivisionEnlargeClose Quarters Battle ReceiverIndividual CarbineColt's Manufacturing CompanyColt Advanced Piston CarbineGas-operated ReloadingLeroy James SullivanUltimax 100EnlargeUSS Vella Gulf (CG-72)Close Quarters CombatM16 RifleIraqAfghanistanM68 Close Combat OpticCenter For Naval AnalysesSTANAG Magazine5.56 NATODust StormAberdeen Proving GroundMarylandHeckler & KochXM8 RifleFabrique Nationale De HerstalFN SCARHeckler & Koch HK416FN SCARNew York TimesM16 RifleHelmand ProvinceBattalion5.56 NATOWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalColt's Manufacturing CompanyLewis Machine And Tool CompanyMilan, IllinoisBushmaster Firearms InternationalU.S. OrdnanceRemington Arms CompanyDaniel DefenseBlack Creek, GeorgiaForjas TaurusFN HerstalHartland, WisconsinSME OrdnanceSarsılmazFederal Government Of The United StatesColt's Manufacturing CompanyTrademarkBushmaster M4 Type CarbineHelp:IPA/EnglishHelp:Pronunciation Respelling KeyPortmanteauHeckler & KochBushmaster Firearms, Inc.Trademark InfringementTrade DressTrademark DilutionFalse AdvertisingPatent InfringementUnfair CompetitionHeckler & Koch HK416MaineSummary JudgmentAfghanistanANA Commando BattalionForeign Military SalesAlbaniaAlbanian Armed ForcesAntigua And BarbudaArgentinaArgentine ArmyArgentine NavyArgentine 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NeededRepublic Of MacedoniaMalaysiaSME OrdnanceNepalNew ZealandNew Zealand Special Air ServiceNew Zealand PoliceSpecial Tactics GroupArmed Offenders SquadPakistanSpecial Services GroupPakistan ArmySpecial Security UnitPalestinian National AuthorityWikipedia:NOTRSPanamaPhilippinesRemington ArmsPhilippine ArmyPhilippine Marine CorpsPolandPolish Special ForcesGROMPortugalSpecial Actions DetachmentRomaniaRussiaSpetsnazRusso-Georgian WarSenegalSerbiaSingaporeSingapore Armed Forces Commando FormationPolice Coast GuardSingapore Police ForceSlovakiaTaiwanRepublic Of China ArmyNational Police Agency (Republic Of China)ThailandTongaTurkeyTurkish Armed ForcesWikipedia:Identifying Reliable SourcesUnited Arab EmiratesUnited StatesYemenWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalWikipedia:VaguenessWikipedia:Citation NeededBureau Of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms And ExplosivesFirearm Owners Protection ActFirearm Owners Protection ActSpecial Occupational TaxpayersWikipedia:Citation NeededPortal:Military Of The United StatesComparison Of The AK-47 And M16SIG Sauer SIG516LWRC M6Brown Enhanced Automatic RifleR5 RGPXM8 RifleClose Quarters Battle ReceiverIndividual CarbineBarrett REC7Beretta ARX 160Remington ACRFN SCARHeckler & Koch HK416LWRC SRTRobinson Arms XCRSIG 556Advanced Colt Carbine-MonolithicWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineArmy TimesArmy TimesWikipedia:Link RotWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineThe Star (Malaysia)United States Army Logistics Management CollegeNational Public RadioWayback MachineWayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-80-7278-388-5Wayback MachineWikipedia:Link RotStars And Stripes (newspaper)The Sunday Star-TimesWayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-00-712760-XUnited States Armed ForcesInfantryService RifleCartridge (firearms)HandgunBeretta M9SIG Sauer P226SIG Sauer P226SIG Sauer P226MEU(SOC) PistolHeckler & Koch Mark 23Heckler & Koch HK45Glock 19Ruger P-SeriesRifleAssault RifleBattle RifleM16 RifleM27 Infantry Automatic RifleFN SCARFN SCARMk 14 Enhanced Battle RifleM14 RifleCarbinePersonal Defense WeaponHeckler & Koch HK416CAR-15M231 Firing Port WeaponClose Quarters Battle ReceiverDesignated Marksman RifleMk 14 Enhanced Battle RifleM39 Enhanced Marksman RifleM14 RifleCrazy Horse RifleM25 Sniper Weapon SystemMk 12 Special Purpose RifleUnited States Army Squad Designated Marksman RifleSEAL Recon RifleAnti-materiel RifleSniper RifleM40 RifleRemington MSRM2010 Enhanced Sniper RifleAccuracy International Arctic WarfareM110 Semi-Automatic Sniper SystemSR-25FN SCARBarrett M82McMillan Tac-50ShotgunRemington Model 870Mossberg 500M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun SystemBenelli M4Submachine GunHeckler & Koch MP5Heckler & Koch MP7Colt 9mm SMGMachine GunM2 BrowningM249 Light Machine GunMark 46 Machine GunM27 Infantry Automatic RifleM240 Machine GunM60 Machine GunMk 48 Machine GunExplosive WeaponGrenade LauncherFN SCARM320 Grenade Launcher ModuleM203 Grenade LauncherM79 Grenade LauncherXM25 CDTEMilkor MGLMk 19 Grenade LauncherMk 47 StrikerMortar (weapon)Soltam K6M224 MortarM252 MortarMortier 120mm Rayé Tracté Modèle F1RocketM72 LAWM202 FLASHShoulder-launched Multipurpose Assault WeaponM141 Bunker Defeat MunitionCarl Gustaf Recoilless RifleAT4MissileBGM-71 TOWFGM-148 JavelinFIM-92 StingerArmoured Fighting VehicleM242 BushmasterRoyal Ordnance L7Rheinmetall 120 Mm GunCartridge (firearms)Gauge (bore Diameter)9×19mm Parabellum.45 ACP5.56×45mm NATO7.62×51mm NATO.300 Winchester Magnum338 Lapua.50 BMG40 Mm Grenade25 Mm CaliberArmaLite AR-10Battle RifleArmaLite AR-10Heckler & Koch HK417MPT-76Sniper RifleM110 Semi-Automatic Sniper SystemMarine Scout Sniper RifleMk 12 Special Purpose RifleSEAL Recon RifleSR-25United States Marine Corps Squad Advanced Marksman RifleUnited States Army Squad Designated Marksman RifleAssault RifleArmaLite AR-15M16 RifleList Of Colt AR-15 & M16 Rifle VariantsColt Advanced Piston CarbineColt ACRColt Canada C7Adcor A-556Barrett REC7Barrett M468Heckler & Koch HK416KH-2002Knight's Armament Company SR-47LR-300LWRC M6Norinco CQPVAR RifleRemington GPCSafir T-seriesSOCIMI AR-831T65 Assault RifleT86 Assault RifleT91 Assault RifleCarbineCAR-15Bushmaster M4-type CarbineClose Quarters Battle ReceiverCMMG Mk 45 GuardG13 CarbineOlympic Arms OA-93SIG Sauer SIG516Special Operations Assault RifleSubmachine GunColt 9mm SMGCAR-15La France M16KPersonal Defense WeaponColt MARSAR-57AAC Honey Badger PDWGA Personal Defense WeaponMachine GunColt Automatic RifleAres Shrike 5.56M27 Infantry Automatic RifleSemi-automatic RifleCenterfireColt AR-15List Of Colt AR-15 & M16 Rifle VariantsAR-15 Style RifleBushmaster XM-15Heckler & Koch HK416Heckler & Koch HK417Ruger SR-556SIG MCXSIG Sauer SIG516SIG Sauer SIGM400Smith & Wesson M&P10Smith & Wesson M&P15CMMG Mk47 MutantRimfire AmmunitionArmi JagerSmith & Wesson M&P15-22ShotgunIntrepid RAS-12Safir T-seriesUTAS XTR-12PistolCarbon 15Olympic Arms OA-93M231 Firing Port WeaponColt CM901Daewoo Precision Industries K2Template:USAF EquipmentTemplate Talk:USAF EquipmentList Of Equipment Of The United States Air ForceList Of Active United States Military AircraftUnited States Department Of Defense Aerospace Vehicle DesignationAttack AircraftFairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt IILockheed AC-130Strategic BomberRockwell B-1 LancerNorthrop Grumman B-2 SpiritBoeing B-52 StratofortressMilitary Transport AircraftLockheed C-5 GalaxyLockheed C-5 GalaxyBeechcraft C-12 HuronBoeing C-17 Globemaster IIIGulfstream IIIGulfstream IVLearjet 35Alenia C-27J SpartanGulfstream VBoeing 737Lockheed C-130 HerculesBell Boeing V-22 OspreyElectronic-warfare AircraftBoeing E-3 SentryBoeing E-4Northrop Grumman E-8 Joint STARSBombardier Dash 8Bombardier Global ExpressLockheed EC-130Lockheed EC-130Air Superiority FighterMultirole Combat AircraftMcDonnell Douglas F-15 EagleMcDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike EagleGeneral Dynamics F-16 Fighting FalconLockheed Martin F-22 RaptorLockheed Martin F-35 Lightning IICombat Search And RescueLockheed HC-130Lockheed HC-130Sikorsky HH-60 Pave HawkAerial RefuelingMcDonnell Douglas KC-10 ExtenderBoeing KC-135 StratotankerLockheed LC-130Bell Boeing V-22 OspreyLockheed MC-130Beechcraft C-12 HuronSurveillance AircraftBoeing OC-135B Open SkiesUnmanned Aerial VehicleGeneral Atomics MQ-1 PredatorGeneral Atomics MQ-9 ReaperNorthrop Grumman RQ-4 Global HawkAeroVironment RQ-11 RavenLockheed Martin RQ-170 SentinelReconnaissance AircraftFairchild C-26 MetrolinerBoeing RC-135Boeing Insitu ScanEagleLockheed U-2AeroVironment Wasp IIITrainer (aircraft)Raytheon T-1 JayhawkBeechcraft T-6 Texan IINorthrop T-38 TalonLET TG-10Schempp-Hirth Duo DiscusDiamond DA40Utility AircraftBell UH-1N Twin HueyBell UH-1N Twin HueyDe Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin OtterPilatus PC-12Military Transport AircraftMcDonnell Douglas C-9Boeing VC-25Air Force OneBoeing C-32Air Force TwoBoeing C-40 ClipperWeather ReconnaissanceLockheed WC-130Boeing WC-135 Constant PhoenixAntonov An-266th Special Operations SquadronCASA/IPTN CN-235427th Special Operations SquadronMil Mi-86th Special Operations SquadronAtlas VDelta IIDelta IVAdvanced Extremely High FrequencyDefense Meteorological Satellite ProgramDefense Satellite Communications SystemDefense Support ProgramGlobal Positioning SystemMilstarSpace-Based Infrared SystemWideband Global SATCOMCommand And ControlAir And Space Operations CenterDistributed Common Ground SystemAN/FPQ-16 PARCSPAVE PAWSPAVE PAWSEglin AFB Site C-6Air Force Space Surveillance SystemUnited States Space Surveillance NetworkRapid Attack Identification Detection Reporting SystemHumveeCommercial Utility Cargo VehicleR-11 RefuelerMark 82 BombMark 84 BombGBU-10 Paveway IIGBU-12 Paveway IIGBU-15GBU-24 Paveway IIIGBU-27 Paveway IIIGBU-28Joint Direct Attack MunitionJoint Direct Attack MunitionJoint Direct Attack MunitionSmall Diameter BombGBU-44/B Viper StrikeGBU-53/BJoint Direct Attack MunitionCBU-87 Combined Effects MunitionGATOR Mine SystemCBU-97 Sensor Fuzed WeaponBLU-109 BombBLU-116B61 Nuclear BombB83 Nuclear BombGAU-8 AvengerM61 VulcanGAU-12 EqualizerGAU-13GAU-19M240 Machine GunM102 HowitzerAlliant TechsystemsMk44 Bushmaster IIM2 BrowningMinigunAIM-7 SparrowAIM-9 SidewinderLGM-30 MinutemanAGM-65 MaverickHarpoon (missile)AGM-84E Standoff Land Attack MissileAGM-84H/K SLAM-ERAGM-86 ALCMAGM-88 HARMAGM-114 HellfireAIM-120 AMRAAMAGM-130AGM-154 Joint Standoff WeaponAGM-158 JASSMAGM-176 GriffinZuni (rocket)Ryan FirebeeComposite Engineering BQM-167 SkeeterBeechcraft MQM-107 StreakerMcDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom IITemplate:Modern US Infantry WeaponsService PistolPersonal Defense WeaponSIG Sauer P226Beretta M9SIG Sauer P320Heckler & Koch MP5Service RifleCarbineCAR-15M14 RifleM16 RifleM24 Sniper Weapon SystemBarrett M82Mk 14 Enhanced Battle RifleSquad Automatic WeaponClose CombatM60 Machine GunM2 BrowningM240 Machine GunM249 Light Machine GunBenelli M4Remington Model 870Unexploded OrdnanceAT4M18 Claymore MineM67 GrenadeM72 LAWM79 Grenade LauncherMk 19 Grenade LauncherUniforms Of The United States Air ForceAirman Battle UniformArmy Combat UniformMess DressPersonal Flotation DeviceTemplate:Colt's Manufacturing CompanyTemplate Talk:Colt's Manufacturing CompanyColt's Manufacturing CompanyRevolverColt Army Model 1860Colt 1851 Navy RevolverColt Dragoon RevolverColt Model 1855 Sidehammer Pocket RevolverColt M1861 NavyColt PatersonColt Pocket Percussion RevolversColt WalkerColt Model 1871-72 Open TopColt Open Top Pocket Model RevolverColt House RevolverColt New LineColt Single Action ArmyColt BuntlineColt M1877Colt M1878Colt M1889Colt M1892Colt Model 1905 Marine CorpsColt New Police RevolverColt New ServiceColt Official PoliceColt Police PositiveColt Police Positive SpecialColt AnacondaColt CobraColt Detective SpecialColt DiamondbackColt King CobraColt PythonColt 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