Contents 1 Historical development of městys in the Czech Republic 1.1 Middle Ages and early modern period 1.2 Early 20th century 1.3 Late 20th century revival 2 Similar designations in other countries 3 See also 4 External links


Historical development of městys in the Czech Republic[edit] Middle Ages and early modern period[edit] The development of the městečka began in the 14th century, decreed by the reigning monarch primarily on the land of the nobility and church. From the 16th century on, it became possible for settlements with significant springs to get the title městys. The village then became entitled to call itself "městec", resulting in such place names as Městec Králové and Heřmanův Městec. The typical městečko was very small, and a large number were created during the 14th century. Eduard Maur estimated that the average distance between two městečka was 5–20 km. Early 20th century[edit] After the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, the status was conferred by the Ministerial Council on the basis of a detailed application from the village. According to the "Statistický lexikon obcí v Republice československé" (Statistical lexicon of villages in Czechoslovakia), there were 503 městys in Czechoslovakia in 1930. After the coup d'état of February 1948, the Communist ruling authorities ceased using the term by around 1950. Late 20th century revival[edit] After the Velvet Revolution of 1989, there was intense lobbying for the revival of the městys status from the representatives of villages which had previously held the title. On 27 January 2006 their efforts succeeded; the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic approved an amendment to the Municipalities Act (Establishment of Municipalities) [1], which amongst other matters restored the title of městys. The amendment was approved by the Senate of the Czech Republic on 29 March, was signed by the president on 11 May and came into force on 1 July 2006. Municipalities that had the right to carry the title of městys prior to 17 May 1954 are to inform the chairman of the Chamber of Deputies, so that the restoration of the status can be arranged. On 10 October 2006, the chairman of the Chamber of Deputies announced the first 108 municipalities which can continue to use the title.


Similar designations in other countries[edit] Many other countries in Europe have similar designations, for example: Hungary and Slovakia: the Latin title oppidum; from 14th century to 1871 also Hungarian: mezőváros - lit. "field town" Austria: German: Marktgemeinde. In other German-speaking areas the terms Flecken, Marktflecken and Markt are also used. Denmark: Danish: flække Sweden: Swedish: köping France: French: bourg Městyse also existed on the territory of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and before Communism these municipalities often used the terms: Polish: miasteczko Russian: местечко (mestechko) Lithuanian: miestelis Latvian: miests Ukrainian: мiстечко (mistechko) Yiddish: שטעטל‎ (shtetl) A very approximate equivalent to this title in the former USSR was the "urban-type settlement" (Russian: посёлок городского типа, Ukrainian: селище міського типу, Belarusian: пасёлак гарадскога тыпу). The criteria for awarding this title differed greatly between members of the federation, and still do in Russia to this day. This category also existed in Poland between 1954 and 1972 (Polish: osiedle typu miejskiego).


See also[edit] List of current městys in the Czech Republic (in Czech) List of villages in the Czech Republic that could become městys (in Czech)


External links[edit] More information on the restoration of the městys designation from Union of Towns and Municipalities of the Czech Republic (Svaz měst a obcí ČR): (in Czech) Titul městys můžete po 50 letech získat zpět (in Czech) Myšlenka znovuzavedení titulu městys došla naplnění v t e Slavic terms for country subdivisions Current dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija Historical darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Městys&oldid=781106549" Categories: Czech words and phrasesMarket towns in the Czech RepublicPopulated places in the Czech RepublicSubdivisions of the Czech RepublicHidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from February 2017All articles lacking in-text citationsUse dmy dates from June 2014All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2017Articles containing Hungarian-language textArticles containing German-language textArticles containing Danish-language textArticles containing Swedish-language textArticles containing French-language textArticles containing Polish-language textArticles containing Russian-language textArticles containing Lithuanian-language textArticles containing Latvian-language textArticles containing Ukrainian-language textArticles containing Yiddish-language textArticles containing Belarusian-language textArticles with Czech-language external links


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