Contents 1 History 2 Historical Photos 3 Santa Monica Air Line 4 Expo Line (Los Angeles Metro) 5 Legacy 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The Los Angeles and Independence Railroad Company was incorporated in January 1875 with Francisco P. Temple, John P. Jones, Robert S. Baker, T. N. Park, James A. Pritchard, J. S. Slauson, and J. U. Crawford, as directors. Col. Crawford was the engineer and general manager. The 16.67 miles (26.83 km) of track between Los Angeles and Santa Monica were privately built without government subsidies or land grants, all in a little over ten months - primarily using 67 Chinese laborers imported for the task. Right-of-way between Los Angeles and Santa Monica was given by local ranchers who were anxious to have access to a railroad. The line opened October 17, 1875, with two trains a day running between Santa Monica and Los Angeles; the fare was fixed at $1.00 per trip, freight at $1.00 per ton. Southern Pacific Railroad's refusal to allow crossing of their main line tracks prevented construction east of Los Angeles. Combined with the unexpected depletion and closure of the Panamint silver mine in 1877 (owned by Jones) and the resulting fiscal difficulty, the young steam line was quickly sold to Southern Pacific on July 4, 1877. New owner Southern Pacific extended the existing wharf to allow access to larger ships by 1891. This wharf allowed ship-to-shore offloading, making the line a freight and passenger hauler of growing importance. However, the U.S. Government's 1899 decision to build a breakwater in San Pedro and create the Port of Los Angeles, effectively doomed both natural harbors' (Redondo Beach and Santa Monica) use for commercial shipping traffic. With the Port of Los Angeles nearing completion in 1908 and Santa Monica shipping traffic ceasing, Southern Pacific leased the railroad line and Santa Monica wharf to Los Angeles Pacific Railroad. (a forerunner to Pacific Electric) which electrified the portion between the long wharf and Sentous (La Cienega) in that year. The remainder of the line was electrified by 1911 when various electric railroads merged under the Pacific Electric name. The wharf was demolished in 1913.

Historical Photos[edit] Aerial view of Western portion of line in Santa Monica, 1875. Terminus at Landing in Santa Monica, 1877 LAIRR Train at Santa Monica station, 1880. Santa Monica station, 1887 LAIRR Train at "Long Wharf" terminus after SPRR extension, 1893. Downtown Santa Monica, 1894 North on what is now PCH to long wharf, 1904

Santa Monica Air Line[edit] Main article: Santa Monica Air Line By 1920 the line was well known as the Santa Monica Air Line[5] of the Pacific Electric Railway, providing electric freight and passenger service between Los Angeles and Santa Monica.

Expo Line (Los Angeles Metro)[edit] Main article: Expo Line (Los Angeles Metro) The line was subsequently purchased for use as a light rail line, which began operation in 2012.

Legacy[edit] In 2015, a Santa Monica restaurant named after the railroad line was opened. The Independence offers drinks named after the station stops and a 140th anniversary party for the steam line.[6]

References[edit] ^ “First Train of the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad”. Volume 5, Number 20. © Los Angeles Herald, 1875. Newspaper. Los Angeles Herald. 19 October 1875. ^ California. Board of Commissioners of Transportation (December 1877). Report of the Board of Commissioners of Transportation to the Legislature of the State of California. State of California (US). p. 319. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ Ingersoll, Luther A. (2008). Ingersoll's Century History, Santa Monica Bay Cities - Prefaced with a Brief History of the State of California, a Condensed History of Los Angeles County, 1542-1908; Supplemented with an Encyclopedia of Local Biography. ISBN 9781408623671.  ^ Fischer, Greg. “The Expo Line Before the Expo Line”. © Los Angeles Downtown News, 2011. Newspaper. Los Angeles Downtown News. 1 September 2011. ^ "Pacific Electric Santa Monica Air Line".  ^ Pardilla, Caroline. “Every Day Is Independence Day at New Santa Monica Tavern”. © Los Angeles Magazine, 2015. Magazine. Los Angeles Magazine. 6 February 2015.

External links[edit] Worsfold, David I. "The Railroad and the Old Palms Depot".  "Los Angeles & Independence Railroad Depot 1875". USC Libraries Digital Archive.  "Drawing of the Santa Monica wharf used by the Los Angeles & Independence Railroad, ca.1877". USC Libraries Digital Archive.  "Los Angeles and Independence Railroad Depot, San Pedro Street & Fourth Street, before 1888". USC Libraries Digital Archive.  Retrieved from "" Categories: Defunct California railroadsHistory of Los AngelesHistory of Santa Monica, CaliforniaHistory of Inyo County, CaliforniaPredecessors of the Southern Pacific Transportation Company4 ft 8 in gauge railways in the United StatesCompanies based in Santa Monica, California

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Los_Angeles_and_Independence_Railroad - Photos and All Basic Informations

Los_Angeles_and_Independence_Railroad More Links

Santa Monica, CaliforniaLos Angeles, CaliforniaSanta Monica Air LineTrack GaugeLos Angeles, CaliforniaSteam LocomotiveLong Wharf (Santa Monica)Santa Monica, CaliforniaLos Angeles, CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaIndependence, CaliforniaCajon PassCerro Gordo MinesPanamint City, CaliforniaSouthern Pacific RailroadLos Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation AuthorityExpo Line (Los Angeles Metro)Francisco P. TempleJohn P. JonesRobert S. BakerJ. S. SlausonLos AngelesSanta MonicaSouthern Pacific RailroadJohn P. JonesSan Pedro, Los AngelesPort Of Los AngelesRedondo Beach, CaliforniaSanta MonicaPort Of Los AngelesLos Angeles Pacific RailroadPacific ElectricLa Cienega/Jefferson (Los Angeles Metro Station)Pacific ElectricEdit Section: Santa Monica Air LineSanta Monica Air LineSanta Monica Air LinePacific Electric RailwayExpo Line (Los Angeles Metro)Los Angeles Herald-ExaminerInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781408623671Los Angeles Downtown NewsLos Angeles MagazineHelp:CategoryCategory:Defunct California RailroadsCategory:History Of Los AngelesCategory:History Of Santa Monica, CaliforniaCategory:History Of Inyo County, CaliforniaCategory:Predecessors Of The Southern Pacific Transportation CompanyCategory:4 Ft 8 In Gauge Railways In The United StatesCategory:Companies Based In Santa Monica, CaliforniaDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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