Contents 1 History 2 Authority 2.1 Types 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] They were established in 1963 in all California counties except San Francisco, which would obtain one only in 2001, by the California State Legislature. Their current legal authority and mandate are defined by the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000 (Government Code Section 56000 et seq).

Authority[edit] LAFCOs have both regulatory and planning authority: As a regulatory agency, they are for "discouraging urban sprawl and encouraging the orderly formation and development of local agencies" based on "local circumstances and conditions." Their regulatory responsibilities include reviewing, approving or denying proposals to annex land to cities or special districts. As a planning agency, it is charged to determine and update, at least every five years, the sphere of influence of each city and special district. In updating spheres of influence, it must prepare Municipal Service Reviews of relevant local agencies and services. It may initiate proposals to consolidate special districts, merge a special district with a city, dissolve a special district, establish a subsidiary district, or any combination of them. Under the agency, no community within an incorporated city has ever been granted city status. That is partially because the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000 makes it difficult for communities to break away from their original cities, as the community must gain approval from the city from which it is detaching, and it requires two thirds of the entire community and re-affected city to agree. The only community within a city ever to be brought before a vote by LAFCO was the San Fernando Valley in the early 2000s, which was denied. No detachments from a city have been successful in the state since 1947. Types[edit] According to the Committee on Local Government of the California Senate, LAFCOs regulate all city and most special district boundaries, including these:[1] Airport districts California water districts Community services districts County sanitation districts County service areas County water districts County waterworks districts Fire protection districts Harbor and port districts Healthcare districts Irrigation districts Library districts Mosquito abatement districts Municipal utility districts Municipal water districts Pest control districts Police protection districts Public cemetery districts Public utility districts Reclamation districts Recreation and park districts Resource conservation districts Sanitary districts Sewer districts Sewer maintenance districts Vector control districts They do not regulate counties or special districts, such as these:[1] Air pollution control districts Air quality management districts Bridge or highway districts Community college districts Community facilities districts (Mello-Roos districts) Improvement districts Joint power agencies Joint highway districts Metropolitan water districts Permanent road divisions Redevelopment agencies School districts Separation of grade districts Service zones of special districts Special assessment districts Transit or rapid transit districts Unified or union high school library districts

References[edit] ^ a b It’s Time To Draw The Line (PDF), California Senate, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-03 

External links[edit] California Association of LAFCos Retrieved from "" Categories: Local government in California

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