History[edit] Some early emigrants relocated to the United States because they had chosen to side with the Americans during the American Revolution. Parish archives of Old St. Joseph's Church in Philadelphia record trips made by Jesuit Father Ferdinand Steinmeyer (Father Farmer) to the Revolutionary War depot near Fishkill, New York, where he baptized over a dozen children of French-Canadian and Acadian parents. Most of the men were members of the 1st Canadian Regiment of the Continental Army, recruited in 1775 by James Livingston in anticipation of an invasion of Quebec. As the expedition failed, they, their families, and the American militias were driven out of Canada. Approximately 900,000 French-Canadians emigrated to the United States in the period of 1840-1930 during the first wave of the Quebec diaspora.[2] The vast majority of these francophones settled in the six New England states: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont, as well as northern New York State. Distribution of French Americans according to the 2000 census Emigrants moved to states close to Quebec, particularly those bordering the province, because of their generally impoverished condition and lack of jobs as a result of a poor economy over-reliant on agriculture. In the 19th century, the United States was one of the most industrialised and prosperous nations on earth. The emigrants left behind a traditional rural society to enter an industrial world.[2] Centers of the New England textile industry such as Lowell, Massachusetts; Manchester, New Hampshire; Lewiston, Maine; and Woonsocket, Rhode Island were major destinations for Quebec labor. French Canadians from other provinces often moved elsewhere: those from Ontario typically emigrated to Illinois and Michigan, while those from Manitoba and other Western provinces usually emigrated to Minnesota and Wisconsin. Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota boasted a large French Canadian community in 1900. One of the more famous "Little Canadas" was the West Side of Manchester, New Hampshire, a city with a large French-speaking population due to the recruitment of labor in Quebec to work in the textile mills in the 19th and 20th centuries. "La Caisse Populaire Ste. Marie," or "St. Mary's Bank," located in Manchester's Little Canada, was the first credit union chartered in the United States, specifically founded to serve the French Canadian population. The credit union, or "people's bank" ("la caisse populaire") was a financial institution pioneered in Quebec, by Quebecers who had difficulty obtaining credit from banks controlled by anglophone Canadians. The most noted resident of Manchester's "petit Canada" was Grace Metalious, author of the best-selling novel Peyton Place. Interestingly, Metalious denied her French Canadian heritage and mostly lived in non-French Canadian neighborhoods in Manchester, due to her mother's desire to avoid prejudice. During World War II, Metalious eventually had to live in Little Canada after her husband went off to war due to a housing shortage. In contrast, novelist Robert Cormier of Leominster, Massachusetts highlighted the culture of fictitious but representative Little Canadas in New England in many of his works, notably "Frenchtown Summer." Revlon founder Charles Revson, of Russian-Jewish extraction, grew up in a cold-water tenement in Manchester's Little Canada. Other prominent Little Canadas were found in Lowell, Massachusetts, the home of novelist Jack Kerouac, and Lewiston, Maine.[3] Another notable Franco-American community sprung up in southeastern Massachusetts, namely in Fall River. As a result, a number of cultural and charitable organizations, such as the Franco-American Civic League, the Club Richelieu, La Fédération Catholique Franco-Américaine de Fall River, and L'Association Culturelle Française de Fall River, were founded to foster French language and culture within the Franco-American community.[4] Today, New England French (essentially a variety of Canadian French) is spoken in parts of New England, in particular Maine.[1]


References[edit] ^ a b Ammon, Ulrich; International Sociological Association (1989). Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 306–308. ISBN 0-89925-356-3. Retrieved February 1, 2012.  ^ a b Bélanger, Damien-Claude. "French Canadian Emigration to the United States 1840-1930", Marianopolis College ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=5ZkXdBzYjzcC&pg=PA60&lpg=PA60&dq=little+canada+french+canadians&source=web&ots=2BtWpc33yU&sig=dA5Cy_SZiGLroId0sep1_hKk6n8 ^ Many of the organizational records are housed in the Archives and Special Collections at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. Their finding aids may be found at the following links: http://lib.umassd.edu/sites/default/files/archives/findaids/MC11.pdf , http://www.lib.umassd.edu/sites/default/files/archives/findaids/MC135.pdf , http://www.lib.umassd.edu/sites/default/files/archives/findaids/MC%20138.pdf , http://www.lib.umassd.edu/sites/default/files/archives/findaids/MC139.pdf


External links[edit] Franco-Americans portal French Canadian Emigration to the United States, 1840-1930 History of St. Mary's Bank Photo of the first credit union in the U.S. Excerpt from "Fire and Ice," Andrew Tobias' biography of Charles Revson Salem as "Little Canada": French-Canadian Connections and Franco-American Heritage in Salem, Massachusetts Report of the Town and County Historian on the Area Known as "Little Canada" in the Town of Indian Lake v t e Ethnic enclaves African-American list Arabic Armenian Australian Cambodian Canadian Chinese Cuban Filipino Greek Hispanic and Latino American Indian Irish Italian Iranian Japanese Jewish Korean Pakistani Serbian Vietnamese Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Little_Canada&oldid=818475417" Categories: Ethnic enclaves in the United StatesCanada–United States relationsNew EnglandFrench-Canadian culture in the United StatesCanadian-American cultureEthnic enclavesHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from February 2012All articles needing additional references


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages Add links This page was last edited on 3 January 2018, at 20:00. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.116","walltime":"0.166","ppvisitednodes":{"value":328,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":14362,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":90,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":7,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 138.590 1 -total"," 40.33% 55.890 1 Template:Reflist"," 29.43% 40.791 1 Template:Cite_book"," 24.93% 34.557 1 Template:Refimprove"," 20.78% 28.798 1 Template:Ambox"," 20.61% 28.566 1 Template:About"," 6.08% 8.433 1 Template:Ethnic_enclaves"," 5.25% 7.277 1 Template:Portal"," 5.08% 7.041 1 Template:Navbox"," 1.29% 1.792 1 Template:Main_other"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.051","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":2277373,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1325","timestamp":"20180219030258","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":64,"wgHostname":"mw1252"});});


Little_Canada - Photos and All Basic Informations

Little_Canada More Links

Little Canada, MinnesotaLittle Canada, DoncasterWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalFrench CanadianUnited StatesNew EnglandCanadian FrenchNew England FrenchNew EnglandOld St. Joseph's ChurchFishkill, New York1st Canadian RegimentContinental ArmyJames Livingston (American Revolution)Invasion Of Canada (1775)Quebec DiasporaNew EnglandConnecticutMaineMassachusettsNew HampshireRhode IslandVermontNew York StateEnlargeMaps Of American AncestriesUnited States Census, 2000Agrarian SocietyNew EnglandTextilesLowell, MassachusettsManchester, New HampshireLewiston, MaineWoonsocket, Rhode IslandFrench CanadiansOntarioIllinoisMichiganManitobaMinnesotaWisconsinMinneapolisSaint Paul, MinnesotaManchester, New HampshireCredit UnionFrench-speaking QuebecerAnglophone CanadiansGrace MetaliousPeyton Place (novel)World War IIRobert CormierLeominster, MassachusettsRevlonCharles RevsonTenementLowell, MassachusettsJack KerouacLewiston, MaineNew England FrenchCanadian FrenchMaineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-89925-356-3Portal:Franco-AmericansTemplate:Ethnic EnclavesTemplate Talk:Ethnic EnclavesEthnic EnclaveAfrican-American NeighborhoodList Of African-American NeighborhoodsList Of Arabic NeighborhoodsList Of Armenian Ethnic EnclavesLittle AustraliaLittle CambodiaChinatownLittle HavanaLittle ManilaGreektownBarrioLittle India (location)List Of Irish-American CommunitiesLittle ItalyLittle PersiaJapantownJewish Quarter (diaspora)KoreatownLittle PakistanList Of Serbian NeighborhoodsLittle VietnamHelp:CategoryCategory:Ethnic Enclaves In The United StatesCategory:Canada–United States RelationsCategory:New EnglandCategory:French-Canadian Culture In The United StatesCategory:Canadian-American CultureCategory:Ethnic EnclavesCategory:Articles Needing Additional References From February 2012Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link