Contents 1 List of states 2 Criteria for inclusion 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 Bibliography


List of states Short and formal names Membership within the UN System[a] Sovereignty dispute[b] Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty[d] A AAA A AAA A AAA ZZZ↓ UN member states and observer states ↓ A AAA ZZZ ZZZAbkhazia → Abkhazia A UN member state A None  Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A UN member state A None  Albania – Republic of Albania A UN member state A None  Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A UN member state A None  Andorra – Principality of Andorra A UN member state A None Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell,[2] who himself is appointed by the Holy See.  Angola – Republic of Angola A UN member state A None  Antigua and Barbuda A UN member state A None Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm[e] with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.[f]  Argentina – Argentine Republic[g] A UN member state A None Argentina is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city.  Armenia – Republic of Armenia A UN member state A None Not recognized by Pakistan.[4][5][6] See Armenia–Pakistan relations and Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. ZZZArtsakh → Artsakh A UN member state A None  Australia – Commonwealth of Australia A UN member state A None Australia is a Commonwealth realm[e] and a federation of six states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia are:  Ashmore and Cartier Islands  Australian Antarctic Territory  Christmas Island  Cocos (Keeling) Islands  Coral Sea Islands Territory  Heard Island and McDonald Islands  Norfolk Island  Austria – Republic of Austria A UN member state A None Member of the European Union.[c] Austria is a federation of nine states (Bundesländer).  Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan A UN member state A None Azerbaijan contains two autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[f] The Republic of Artsakh, a de facto state, has been established in the latter.  Bahamas, The – Commonwealth of the Bahamas A UN member state A None The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain A UN member state A None  Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh A UN member state A None  Barbados A UN member state A None Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Belarus – Republic of Belarus A UN member state A None Belarus forms the Union State jointly with Russia.  Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Belgium is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.  Belize A UN member state A None Belize is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Benin – Republic of Benin[h] A UN member state A None  Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan A UN member state A None  Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia A UN member state A None  Bosnia and Herzegovina A UN member state A None Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of two constituent units:  Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina  Republika Srpska and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[8]  Botswana – Republic of Botswana A UN member state A None  Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil A UN member state A None Brazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.  Brunei – Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace A UN member state A None  Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Burkina Faso[i] A UN member state A None Burma → Myanmar A UN member state A None  Burundi – Republic of Burundi A UN member state A None  Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia A UN member state A None  Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon A UN member state A None  Canada[j] A UN member state A None Canada is a Commonwealth realm[e] and a federation of 10 provinces and three territories.  Cape Verde – Republic of Cabo Verde A UN member state A None  Central African Republic A UN member state A None  Chad – Republic of Chad A UN member state A None  Chile – Republic of Chile A UN member state A None Chile has two "special territories" in the Valparaíso Region: Easter Island and Juan Fernández Islands  China – People's Republic of China[k] A UN member state Partially unrecognized. B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.[f] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:  Hong Kong  Macau China claims, but does not control Taiwan, which is governed by a rival administration (the Republic of China) that claims all of China as its territory.[l] China is not recognised by 20 UN member states and the Holy See, which with the exception of Bhutan, recognise Taiwan instead.[m] China controls part of the territory of Kashmir, which is disputed by India and Pakistan. China, Republic of → Taiwan A UN member state A None  Colombia – Republic of Colombia A UN member state A None  Comoros – Union of the Comoros A UN member state A None Comoros is a federation of 3 islands.[n]  Congo, Democratic Republic of the[o] A UN member state A None  Congo, Republic of the[p] A UN member state A None ZZZCook Islands → Cook Islands A UN member state A None  Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica A UN member state A None Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast A UN member state A None  Croatia – Republic of Croatia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Cuba – Republic of Cuba A UN member state A None  Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus A UN member state Not recognized by Turkey[10] Member of the EU.[c] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and Cyprus dispute. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus".[11]  Czech Republic[q] A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Democratic People's Republic of Korea → Korea, North A UN member state A None Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of the A UN member state A None  Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] The Kingdom of Denmark includes two self-governing territories:  Faroe Islands  Greenland The continental territory of Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland form the three constituent countries of the Kingdom. The designation "Denmark" can refer either to continental Denmark or to the short name for the entire Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.[12][13] Also see Greenland Treaty.  Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti A UN member state A None  Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica A UN member state A None  Dominican Republic A UN member state A None  East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[r] A UN member state A None  Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador A UN member state A None  Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt A UN member state A None  El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador A UN member state A None  Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A UN member state A None  Eritrea – State of Eritrea A UN member state A None  Estonia – Republic of Estonia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A UN member state A None Ethiopia is a federation of nine regions and two chartered cities.  Fiji – Republic of Fiji A UN member state A None Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.[f][14][15]  Finland – Republic of Finland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Åland is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.[f][s]  France – French Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] France contains five overseas regions/departments: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. France also includes the overseas territories of:  Clipperton Island  French Polynesia  New Caledonia  Saint Barthélemy  Saint Martin  Saint Pierre and Miquelon  Wallis and Futuna  French Southern and Antarctic Lands  Gabon – Gabonese Republic A UN member state A None Gambia  Gambia, The – Republic of the Gambia A UN member state A None  Georgia A UN member state A None Georgia contains two autonomous republics, Adjara and Abkhazia.[f] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.  Germany – Federal Republic of Germany A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Germany is a federation of 16 federated states (Länder).  Ghana – Republic of Ghana A UN member state A None  Greece – Hellenic Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Mount Athos is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.[16]  Grenada A UN member state A None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala A UN member state A None  Guinea – Republic of Guinea[t] A UN member state A None  Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A UN member state A None  Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A UN member state A None  Haiti – Republic of Haiti A UN member state A None Holy See → Vatican City A UN member state A None  Honduras – Republic of Honduras A UN member state A None  Hungary A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Iceland[u] A UN member state A None  India – Republic of India A UN member state A None India is a federation of 29 states and seven union territories. India claims the entire territory of Kashmir as one of its states, but only exercises control over part of it, while the rest is controlled by the People's Republic of China and Pakistan.  Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia A UN member state A None Indonesia has five provinces with official special autonomy status: Aceh, Jakarta SCR, Yogyakarta SR, Papua, and West Papua.[f]  Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran A UN member state A None  Iraq – Republic of Iraq A UN member state A None Iraq is a federation[n][20] of 19 governorates, five of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.[f]  Ireland[22] A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Israel – State of Israel A UN member state Partially unrecognized Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. Israel annexed East Jerusalem,[23] an annexation not recognised by the international community.[24] Israel maintains varying levels of control over the rest of the West Bank, and although Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, it is still considered by some to be the occupying power under international law.[25][26][27][28][29] Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) nor by the SADR.  Italy – Italian Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Italy has five autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[f]  Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire A UN member state A None  Jamaica A UN member state A None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Japan A UN member state A None  Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A UN member state A None  Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan A UN member state A None  Kenya – Republic of Kenya A UN member state A None  Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati A UN member state A None  Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain North Korea is not recognised by three UN members: France, Japan and South Korea.[v]  Korea, South – Republic of Korea A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, Jejudo.[f][31] South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.[v] ZZZKosovo → Kosovo A UN member state A None  Kuwait – State of Kuwait A UN member state A None  Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic A UN member state A None  Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic A UN member state A None  Latvia – Republic of Latvia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Lebanon – Lebanese Republic A UN member state A None  Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho A UN member state A None  Liberia – Republic of Liberia A UN member state A None  Libya A UN member state A None  Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein A UN member state A None  Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia A UN member state A None Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".  Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar A UN member state A None  Malawi – Republic of Malawi A UN member state A None  Malaysia A UN member state A None Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories.  Maldives – Republic of Maldives A UN member state A None  Mali – Republic of Mali A UN member state A None  Malta – Republic of Malta A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.  Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A UN member state A None  Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius A UN member state A None Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[f]  Mexico – United Mexican States A UN member state A None Mexico is a federation of 31 states and one autonomous city.  Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of four states.  Moldova – Republic of Moldova A UN member state A None Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.  Monaco – Principality of Monaco A UN member state A None  Mongolia A UN member state A None  Montenegro A UN member state A None  Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco A UN member state A None Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.  Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique A UN member state A None  Myanmar – Republic of the Union of Myanmar[w] A UN member state A None ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → Artsakh A UN member state A None  Namibia – Republic of Namibia A UN member state A None  Nauru – Republic of Nauru A UN member state A None    Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A UN member state A None Nepal is a federation composed of 14 zones.  Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] The Kingdom of the Netherlands includes four areas with substantial autonomy:  Aruba  Curaçao  Netherlands  Sint Maarten The continental part of the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten form the four constituent countries of the Kingdom. Three other territories (Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius) are special municipalities of the continental Netherlands. The designation "Netherlands" can refer either to the continental Netherlands or to the short name for the entire Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.  New Zealand A UN member state A None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm,[e] and has the dependent territories of:  Ross Dependency  Tokelau New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states:  Cook Islands  Niue The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 46 and 18 UN members respectively.[33][34][35] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[36] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.  Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua A UN member state A None Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[f]  Niger – Republic of Niger A UN member state A None  Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria A UN member state A None Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory. ZZZNiue → Niue A UN member state A None ZZZNorthern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus A UN member state A None North Korea → Korea, North A UN member state A None  Norway – Kingdom of Norway A UN member state A None Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Svalbard Treaty. Jan Mayen is an island that is an integral part of Norway, although unincorporated. Norway has the dependent territories of: Bouvet Island Peter I Island Queen Maud Land  Oman – Sultanate of Oman A UN member state A None  Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A UN member state A None Pakistan is a federation of four provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes the entire territory of Kashmir with India, and part of it with the People's Republic of China. It exercises control over certain portions of Kashmir, but has not officially annexed any of it,[37][38] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[39][40] The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[x]  Azad Kashmir  Gilgit Baltistan Azad Kashmir describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government.[41][42] These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfill the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan.[42][43][44]  Palau – Republic of Palau A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.  Palestine – State of Palestine A UN observer state; member of one UN specialized agency Partially unrecognized. B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 136 states.[45] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on much of the territory that it proclaimed.[46] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization.[47] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[48] and an observer state in the UN.  Panama – Republic of Panama A UN member state A None  Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A UN member state A None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[e] with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.[f]  Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay A UN member state A None  Peru – Republic of Peru A UN member state A None  Philippines – Republic of the Philippines A UN member state A None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[f]  Poland – Republic of Poland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Portugal – Portuguese Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Portugal contains two autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira.[f] Pridnestrovie → Transnistria A UN member state A None  Qatar – State of Qatar A UN member state A None Republic of Korea → Korea, South A UN member state A None Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of the A UN member state A None  Romania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Russia – Russian Federation A UN member state A None Russia is officially a federation of 85 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[f] Russia also forms the Union State jointly with Belarus.  Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda A UN member state A None ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic A UN member state A None  Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis A UN member state A None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[e] and is a federation[n] of two islands, St. Kitts and Nevis.  Saint Lucia A UN member state A None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines A UN member state A None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Samoa – Independent State of Samoa A UN member state A None  San Marino – Republic of San Marino A UN member state A None  São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A UN member state A None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[f]  Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A UN member state A None  Senegal – Republic of Senegal A UN member state A None  Serbia – Republic of Serbia A UN member state A None Serbia contains two autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.[f] The latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.  Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles A UN member state A None  Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone A UN member state A None  Singapore – Republic of Singapore A UN member state A None  Slovakia – Slovak Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]  Solomon Islands A UN member state A None The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia A UN member state A None Somalia has two self-declared autonomous regions: Puntland and Galmudug, while the territory of Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state. ZZZSomaliland → Somaliland A UN member state A None  South Africa – Republic of South Africa A UN member state A None South Korea → Korea, South A UN member state A None ZZZSouth Ossetia → South Ossetia A UN member state A None  South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan A UN member state A None South Sudan is a federation of 28 states.  Spain – Kingdom of Spain A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 special autonomous cities.[f]  Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka[y] A UN member state A None  Sudan – Republic of the Sudan A UN member state A None Sudan is a federation of 18 states. ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan A UN member state A None  Suriname – Republic of Suriname A UN member state A None  Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland A UN member state A None  Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c]   Switzerland – Swiss Confederation A UN member state A None Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.  Syria – Syrian Arab Republic A UN member state A None The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognized as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war. Syria has one self-declared autonomous region: Rojava. ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan A UN member state A None  Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan A UN member state A None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[f]  Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania A UN member state A None Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.[f]  Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand A UN member state A None Timor-Leste → East Timor A UN member state A None  Togo – Togolese Republic A UN member state A None  Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga A UN member state A None ZZZTransnistria → Transnistria A UN member state A None  Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A UN member state A None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[f]  Tunisia – Tunisian Republic A UN member state A None  Turkey – Republic of Turkey A UN member state A None  Turkmenistan A UN member state A None  Tuvalu A UN member state A None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[e]  Uganda – Republic of Uganda A UN member state A None  Ukraine A UN member state A None Ukraine contains an autonomous republic, Crimea. In 2014 Russia annexed the region along with Sevastopol turning them in one of its federal subjects as Republic of Crimea and city of Sevastopol.  United Arab Emirates A UN member state A None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates.  United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[c] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[e] consisting of four constituent countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:  Akrotiri and Dhekelia  Anguilla  Bermuda  British Indian Ocean Territory  British Virgin Islands  Cayman Islands  Falkland Islands  Gibraltar  Montserrat  Pitcairn Islands  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands  Turks and Caicos Islands  British Antarctic Territory The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:  Guernsey  Isle of Man  Jersey  United States – United States of America A UN member state A None The United States is a federation of 50 states and 1 federal district. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:  American Samoa  Guam  Northern Mariana Islands  Puerto Rico  U.S. Virgin Islands It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories: Baker Island Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Navassa Island Wake Island It also has sovereignty over the following incorporated territories: Palmyra Atoll Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:  Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands  Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia  Palau – Republic of Palau It also disputes sovereignty over the following territories: Bajo Nuevo Bank Serranilla Bank  Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A UN member state A None  Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan A UN member state A None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[f]  Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu A UN member state A None   Vatican City – Vatican City State A UN observer state under the designation of "Holy See"; member of three UN specialized agencies and the IAEA A None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 183 states – 180 UN member states, one UN observer state (Palestine), the Cook Islands and the Republic of China (Taiwan).[49] The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")[47] and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.  Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A UN member state A None Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.  Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A UN member state A None  Yemen – Republic of Yemen A UN member state A None  Zambia – Republic of Zambia A UN member state A None  Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe A UN member state A None ZZZ↑ UN member states and observer states ↑ A ZZZ ZZZ ZZZ AB B ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ  Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Artsakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[50] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.  Artsakh – Republic of Artsakh D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain A de facto independent state,[51][52][53] recognized only by Abkhazia,[54] South Ossetia[54] and Transnistria.[54][55] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[56]  Cook Islands D Member of eight UN specialized agencies A None (See political status) A state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands maintains diplomatic relations with 49 states. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[36] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.  Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo D Member of two UN specialized agencies B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 1999.[57] Kosovo declared independence in 2008, and it has received diplomatic recognition from 110 UN member states and the Republic of China. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.  Niue D Member of five UN specialized agencies A None (See political status) A state in free association with New Zealand, Niue maintains diplomatic relations with 20  states. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[36] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.  Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[58]  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Recognised at some stage by 84 UN member states, 39 of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian–African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian–African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.  Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain A de facto independent state,[51][59][60][61][62] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[63]  South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain A de facto independent state,[64] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia, Artsakh and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[65]  Taiwan – Republic of China[k] DFormer UN member (as Republic of China, 1945–1971) Observer in one UN specialized agency under the name "Chinese Taipei" B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain A state competing (nominally) for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[z] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[66] The Republic of China is recognised by 19 UN member states and the Holy See as of 13 June 2017. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[l] The Republic of China participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the UN Security Council. See China and the United Nations.  Transnistria – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain A de facto independent state,[51] recognised only by Abkhazia, Artsakh and South Ossetia.[50] Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit.[67] ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ Legend "Membership within the UN system" column   UN Member states   UN Observer states   Member of a UN Specialized Agency   Observer in a UN Specialized Agency   No membership in the UN system Legend "Sovereignty dispute" column   Undisputed sovereignty   Sovereignty disputed


Criteria for inclusion The dominant customary international law standard of statehood is the declarative theory of statehood, which was codified by the Montevideo Convention of 1933. The Convention defines the state as a person of international law if it "possess[es] the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) a capacity to enter into relations with the other states" so long as it was not "obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure".[68] Debate exists on the degree to which recognition should be included as a criterion of statehood. The declarative theory of statehood argues that statehood is purely objective and recognition of a state by other states is irrelevant. On the other end of the spectrum, the constitutive theory of statehood defines a state as a person under international law only if it is recognised as sovereign by other states. For the purposes of this list, included are all states that either: (a) consider themselves sovereign (through a declaration of independence or some other means) and are often regarded as satisfying the declarative theory of statehood, or (b) are recognised as a sovereign state by at least one UN member state Note that in some cases, there is a divergence of opinion over the interpretation of the first point, and whether an entity satisfies it is disputed. Unique political entities which fail to meet the classification of a sovereign state are considered proto-states.[69][70] On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 206 entities:[71][aa] 203 states recognised by at least one UN member state Two states that satisfy the declarative theory of statehood and are recognised only by non-UN member states: Artsakh, Transnistria One state that satisfies the declarative theory of statehood and is not recognised by any other state: Somaliland The table includes bullets representing entities which are either not sovereign states or have a close association to another sovereign state. It also includes subnational areas where the sovereignty of the titular state is limited by an international agreement. Taken together, these include: States in a free association relationship to another state Two entities controlled by Pakistan which are neither sovereign states, dependent territories, or part of another state: Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan Dependent territories of another state, as well as areas that exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories according to the dependent territory page Subnational entities created by international agreements


See also Geography portal Politics portal Lists portal ISO 3166-1 Adjectivals and demonyms for countries and nations Gallery of country coats of arms Gallery of sovereign state flags List of countries and capitals in native languages List of national capitals in alphabetical order List of country-name etymologies List of dependent territories List of international rankings List of micronations List of rebel groups that control territory List of states with limited recognition List of territorial disputes Sovereign state List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent List of shortest-lived sovereign states List of sovereign states by date of formation Lists of sovereign states by year List of administrative divisions by country Template:Clickable world map Terra nullius


Notes ^ This column indicates whether or not a state is a member of the United Nations.[1] It also indicates which non-member states participate in the United Nations System through membership in the International Atomic Energy Agency or one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. All United Nations members belong to at least one specialized agency and are parties to the statute of the International Court of Justice. ^ This column indicates whether or not a state is the subject of a major sovereignty dispute. Only states whose entire sovereignty is disputed by another state are listed. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac The member states of the European Union have transferred part of their sovereignty in the form of legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, which is an example of supranational union. The EU has 28 member states.[7] ^ Information is included on: The extent to which a state's sovereignty is recognised internationally. More information can be found at List of states with limited recognition, Membership in the European Union,[c] where applicable, Any dependencies, if applicable, which are generally not part of the territory of the sovereign state, federal structure of the state, where applicable. More information can be found at Federated state, Any autonomous areas inside the territory of the sovereign state, Any situations where one person is the Head of State of more than one state, Any governments in exile recognised by at least one state. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations in which the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. The realms are sovereign states; see Relationship of the realms. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see the List of autonomous areas by country.[3] ^ The Argentine Constitution (Art. 35) recognises the following denominations for Argentina: "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata", "Argentine Republic" and "Argentine Confederation"; furthermore, it establishes the usage of "Argentine Nation" for purposes of legislation. ^ Formerly referred to as Dahomey, its official name until 1975. ^ Also known as Burkina; formerly referred to as Upper Volta, its official name until 1984. ^ The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: Name of Canada, Dominion. ^ a b The People's Republic of China (PRC) is commonly referred to as "China", while the Republic of China (ROC) is commonly referred to as "Taiwan". The ROC is also occasionally known diplomatically as Chinese Taipei, along with other names. ^ a b In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and set up a provisional capital in Taipei. The CPC established the PRC. As such, the political status of the ROC and legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations gave the China seat to the PRC and the ROC withdrew from the UN. Most states recognise the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence. ^ See also Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and Foreign relations of China. ^ a b c More information on more or less federal structures can be found at a List of federations.[9] ^ Also known as Congo-Kinshasa. Formerly referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville. ^ A simpler official short-form name has been encouraged by the Czech government: the English variant Czechia remains uncommon, but variants in Czech (Česko) and some other languages are more popular. See Name of the Czech Republic ^ The government of East Timor uses "Timor-Leste" as the English translation. ^ Åland was demilitarised by the Treaty of Paris in 1856, which was later affirmed by the League of Nations in 1921, and in a somewhat different context reaffirmed in the treaty on Finland's admission to the European Union in 1995. ^ Also known as Guinea-Conakry. ^ While sometimes referred to as the "Republic of Iceland"[17][18] and sometimes its counterpart Lýðveldið Ísland in Icelandic, the official name of the country is simply Iceland.[19] One example of the former is the name of the Constitution of Iceland, which in Icelandic is Stjórnarskrá lýðveldisins Íslands and literally means "the Constitution of the republic of Iceland", but note that "republic" is not capitalized. The official title of the President of Iceland (Forseti Íslands) does also not include the word republic as in some other republics. See Names for Iceland. ^ a b Both North Korea and South Korea claim to be the sole legitimate government of Korea. See also Foreign relations of North Korea and Foreign relations of South Korea.[30] ^ The government changed the state's official name in English from "Union of Myanmar" to "Republic of the Union of Myanmar" in October 2010.[32] ^ Sovereignty over Kashmir is disputed between India and Pakistan; smaller parts are disputed by the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China. Kashmir is divided between India, Pakistan and the PRC. See the List of territorial disputes. ^ Formerly known as Ceylon until 1972. ^ The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and in part by Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Except for Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes). ^ The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is not included, as despite being a sovereign entity it lacks territory and does not claim statehood. Entities considered to be micronations are not included. It is often up to debate whether a micronation truly controls its claimed territory. Also omitted from this list are all uncontacted peoples, either who live in societies that cannot be defined as states or whose statuses as such are not definitively known.


References ^ a b Press Release ORG/1469 (3 July 2006). "United Nations Member States". United Nations. Retrieved 28 February 2011.  ^ "Andorra country profile". BBC News. Retrieved 8 November 2011.  ^ Government of Antigua and Barbuda. "Chapter 44: The Barbuda Local Government Act" (PDF). Laws of Antigua and Barbuda. Retrieved 10 November 2010.  ^ "Pakistan Worldview, Report 21, Visit to Azerbaijan" (PDF). Senate of Pakistan Foreign Relations Committee. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2009.  ^ Nilufer Bakhtiyar: "For Azerbaijan Pakistan does not recognise Armenia as a country" 13 September 2006 [14:03] – Today.Az ^ "Pakistan the only country not recognizing Armenia – envoy". News.Az. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2014. We are the only country not recognizing Armenia as a state.  ^ Europa, retrieved 28 February 2011 ^ Stjepanović, Dejan (2015). "Dual Substate Citizenship as Institutional Innovation: The Case of Bosnia's Brčko District". Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. 21 (4): 382–383. doi:10.1080/13537113.2015.1095043. eISSN 1557-2986. ISSN 1353-7113. OCLC 5927465455. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Constitution of Comoros, Art. 1. ^ Andreas S. Kakouris (9 July 2010). "Cyprus is not at peace with Turkey". CNN. Retrieved 17 May 2014. Turkey stands alone in violation of the will of the international community. It is the only country to recognize the "TRNC" and is the only country that does not recognize the Republic of Cyprus and its government.  ^ Republic of Turkey Ministry for European Union Affairs Retrieved 12 June 2012. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014.  ^ "Rotuma Act". Laws of Fiji (1978 ed.). Suva, Fiji: Government of Fiji. 1927. Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2010.  ^ Government of Fiji, Office of the Prime Minister (1978). "Chapter 122: Rotuma Act". Laws of Fiji. University of the South Pacific. Retrieved 10 November 2010.  ^ Constitution of Greece, Art. 105. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/281235/Iceland ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/ungegn/docs/26th-gegn-docs/WP/WP54_UNGEGN%20WG%20Country%20Names%20Document%202011.pdf ^ http://www.visindavefur.is/svar.php?id=54970 ^ Iraqi constitution Archived 18 May 2016 at the Portuguese Web Archive ^ Daly, Mary E. (January 2007). "The Irish Free State/Éire/Republic of Ireland/Ireland: "A Country by Any Other Name"?". Journal of British Studies. Cambridge University Press on behalf of The North American Conference on British Studies. 46 (1). doi:10.1086/508399. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Ireland" is the official name in English. "Republic of Ireland" (the official description in English) and "Éire" (the official name in Irish) have sometimes been used unofficially to distinguish the state from the larger island of Ireland; this is officially deprecated.[21] See names of the Irish state. ^ Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel ^ "Disputes: International". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 8 November 2011.  ^ Gold, Dore; Institute for Contemporary Affairs (26 August 2005). "Legal Acrobatics: The Palestinian Claim that Gaza is Still "Occupied" Even After Israel Withdraws". Jerusalem Issue Brief, Vol. 5, No. 3. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ Bell, Abraham (28 January 2008). "International Law and Gaza: The Assault on Israel's Right to Self-Defense". Jerusalem Issue Brief, Vol. 7, No. 29. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ "Address by Foreign Minister Livni to the 8th Herzliya Conference" (Press release). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel. 22 January 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ Salih, Zak M. (17 November 2005). "Panelists Disagree Over Gaza's Occupation Status". University of Virginia School of Law. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ "Israel: 'Disengagement' Will Not End Gaza Occupation". Human Rights Watch. 29 October 2004. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ "Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea". Retrieved 27 October 2008.  ^ Keun Min. "Greetings". Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. Retrieved 10 November 2010.  ^ "Myanmar gets new flag, official name, anthem". Reuters. 21 October 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010.  ^ Federal Foreign Office of Germany (November 2009). "Beziehungen zu Deutschland". Government of Germany. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  For more information, see Foreign relations of the Cook Islands. ^ China Internet Information Centre (13 December 2007). "Full text of joint communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Niue". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ Republic of Nauru Permanent Mission to the United Nations. "Foreign Affairs". United Nations. Archived from the original on 4 October 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ a b c "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 3, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2011.  ^ Constitution of Pakistan, Art. 1. ^ Aslam, Tasnim (11 December 2006). "'Pakistan Does Not Claim Kashmir As An Integral Part...'". Outlook India. The Outlook Group.  ^ Williams, Kristen P. (2001). Despite nationalist conflicts: theory and practice of maintaining world peace. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 154–155. ISBN 978-0-275-96934-9.  ^ Pruthi, R.K. (2001). An Encyclopaedic Survey Of Global Terrorism In 21St Century. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 120–121. ISBN 978-81-261-1091-9.  ^ http://home.ajk.gov.pk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=72&catid=14 ^ a b http://gbtribune.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/self-governance-order-2009.pdf ^ Political Handbook of the World 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.  ^ http://www.ajkassembly.gok.pk/AJK_Interim_Constitution_Act_1974.pdf ^ Palestine Liberation Organization. "Road For Palestinian Statehood: Recognition and Admission". Negotiations Affairs Department. Archived from the original on August 18, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.  ^ See the following on statehood criteria: Mendes, Errol (30 March 2010). "Statehood and Palestine for the purposes of Article 12 (3) of the ICC Statute" (PDF). 30 March 2010: 28, 33. Retrieved 17 April 2011:  "...the Palestinian State also meets the traditional criteria under the Montevideo Convention..."; "...the fact that a majority of states have recognised Palestine as a State should easily fulfill the requisite state practice". McKinney, Kathryn M. (1994). "The Legal Effects of the Israeli-PLO Declaration ofPrinciples: Steps Toward Statehood for Palestine". Seattle University Law Review. Seattle University. 18 (93): 97. Retrieved 17 April 2011:  "It is possible, however, to argue for Palestinian statehood based on the constitutive theory". McDonald, Avril (Spring 2009). "Operation Cast Lead: Drawing the Battle Lines of the Legal Dispute". Human Rights Brief. Washington College of Law, Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. 25. Retrieved 17 April 2011:  "Whether one applies the criteria of statehood set out in the Montevideo Convention or the more widely accepted constitutive theory of statehood, Palestine might be considered a state." ^ a b "Non-member States and Entities". United Nations. 29 February 2008. Archived from the original on 9 May 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010.  ^ United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. "Arab States: Palestine". United Nations. Retrieved 3 December 2011.  ^ "Bilateral relations of the Holy See". Holy See website. Retrieved 5 June 2012.  ^ a b Абхазия, Южная Осетия и Приднестровье признали независимость друг друга и призвали всех к этому же (in Russian). newsru.com. 17 November 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2011.  ^ a b c Ker-Lindsay, James (2012). The Foreign Policy of Counter Secession: Preventing the Recognition of Contested States. Oxford University Press. p. 53. In addition to the four cases of contested statehood described above, there are three other territories that have unilaterally declared independence and are generally regarded as having met the Montevideo criteria for statehood but have not been recognized by any states: Transnistria, Nagorny Karabakh, and Somaliland.  ^ Krüger, Heiko (2010). The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: A Legal Analysis. Springer. p. 55. ISBN 978-3-642-11787-9.  ^ Nikoghosyan, Hovhannes (August 2010). "Kosovo ruling implications for Armenia and Azerbaijan". HULIQ.com. Hareyan Publishing, LLC. Retrieved 17 April 2011.  ^ a b c Вице-спикер парламента Абхазии: Выборы в НКР соответствуют всем международным стандартам: "Абхазия, Южная Осетия, НКР и Приднестровье уже давно признали независимость друг друга и очень тесно сотрудничают между собой", – сказал вице-спикер парламента Абхазии. ... "...Абхазия признала независимость Нагорно-Карабахской Республики..." – сказал он." ^ "In detail: The foreign policy of Pridnestrovie". Pridnestrovie. 26 May 2010. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2010.  ^ Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2006. ^ "United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo". UN. Retrieved 8 January 2015.  ^ The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 17 January 2006. ^ "Self-Determination, Sovereignty, and the Failure of States: Somaliland and the Case for Justified Secession" (PDF). Minnesota Journal of International Law. 19:2: 380–381. 2010. Considering each of these factors, Somaliland has a colorable argument that it meets the theoretical requirements of statehood. ... On these bases, Somaliland appears to have a strong claim to statehood.  ^ International Crisis Group (23 May 2006). "Somaliland: Time for African Union leadership" (PDF). Africa Report (110): 10–13. Retrieved 19 April 2011  ^ Mesfin, Berouk (September 2009). "The political development of Somaliland and its conflict with Puntland" (PDF). ISS Paper. Institute for Security Studies (200): 8. Retrieved 19 April 2011  ^ Arieff, Alexis. "De Facto Statehood? The Strange Case of Somaliland" (PDF). Yale Journal of International Affairs (Spring/Summer 2008). Retrieved 17 April 2011  ^ Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2006. ^ Jansen, Dinah (2009). "The Conflict between Self-Determination and Territorial Integrity: the South Ossetian Paradigm". Geopolitics vs. Global Governance: Reinterpreting International Security. Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, University of Dalhousie: 222–242. ISBN 978-1-896440-61-3  ^ "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions". CNN.com. Cable News Network. 26 August 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2008.  ^ "Ma refers to China as ROC territory in magazine interview". Taipei Times. 8 October 2008.  ^ Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2006. ^ Hersch Lauterpacht (2012). Recognition in International Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 419. ISBN 9781107609433.  ^ Hahn, Gordon (2002). Russia's Revolution from Above, 1985-2000: Reform, Transition, and Revolution in the Fall of the Soviet Communist Regime. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. p. 527. ISBN 978-0765800497.  ^ Griffiths, Ryan (2016). Age of Secession: The International and Domestic Determinants of State Birth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 85, 213–242. ISBN 978-1107161627.  ^ The following bullets are grouped according to the availability of sources for the two criteria ((a) and/or (b)). This arrangement is not intended to reflect the relative importance of the two theories. Additional details are discussed in the state's individual entries.


Bibliography Bissio, Roberto Remo, ed. (1995). The World: A Third World Guide: 1995/96. Montevideo: Instituto del Tercer Mundo. ISBN 978-0-85598-291-1. OCLC 476299738.  "Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations". Statistics Division, United Nations. 1 April 2010.  Davis, Tim (19 February 2009). "World Countries and States List". Timdavis.com.au.  "Geographic Names" (PDF). Department of Public Information, Cartographic Section, United Nations. 7 September 2000.  "ISO 3166-1 Country names and code elements". International Organization for Standardization. 2010.  "List of countries, territories and currencies". Publications Office of the European Union. 4 May 2010.  "The World Factbook". United States: Central Intelligence Agency. 2010.  World of Information (Firm), and International Chamber of Commerce (2003). Middle East Review 2003/04: The Economic and Business Report (27th ed.). London: Kogan Page. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-7494-4066-4. OCLC 51992589.  v t e Lists of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent Continents Africa Antarctica Asia Europe North America Oceania South America Supercontinents Americas Eurasia v t e Lists of sovereign states by year AD (CE) Current list of sovereign states Centuries 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 19th Years 2nd century 220 6th century 501 502 503 12th century 1143 15th century 1400 1494 1496 16th century 1500 1528 17th century 1620 1648 1660 1661 1662 18th century 1768 1769 1776 1777 1778 1799 1800 19th century 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 20th century 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 21st century 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Decades 1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Ages Classical Late Antiquity Middle BC (BCE) Centuries 35th BC 21st BC 20th BC 19th BC 18th BC 17th BC 16th BC 15th BC 14th BC 13th BC 12th BC 11th BC 10th BC 9th BC 8th BC 7th BC 6th BC 5th BC 4th BC 3rd BC 2nd BC 1st BC Ages Copper Bronze Iron Classical v t e States with limited recognition Details concerning international recognition and foreign relations provided by the articles linked in parenthesis UN member states Partially unrecognised Armenia relations China relations Cyprus relations Israel recognition relations North Korea relations South Korea relations Non-UN member states Recognised by at least one UN member Abkhazia recognition relations Kosovo recognition relations Northern Cyprus relations Palestine recognition relations Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic recognition relations South Ossetia recognition relations Taiwan relations Recognised only by non-UN members Artsakh recognition relations Transnistria recognition relations Unrecognised Somaliland relations Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sovereign_states&oldid=814761612" Categories: Lists of countriesHidden categories: Pages containing links to subscription-only contentWebarchive template other archivesCS1 uses Russian-language script (ru)CS1 Russian-language sources (ru)Articles with inconsistent citation formatsWikipedia semi-protected pagesUse dmy dates from December 2017


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This Article Is Semi-protected Until August 20, 2018.Lists Of Countries And TerritoriesDependent TerritorySovereign StateWorldSovereigntyUnited NationsMember States Of The United NationsUnited Nations General Assembly ObserversSovereign StateDe FactoUnited Nations SystemMember States Of The United NationsUnited Nations General Assembly ObserversAfghanistanMember States Of The United NationsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraDiarchyPresident Of FranceRoman Catholic Diocese Of UrgellHoly SeeAngolaAntigua And BarbudaCommonwealth RealmBarbudaArgentinaFederationProvinces Of ArgentinaArmeniaArmenia–Pakistan RelationsNagorno-Karabakh ConflictAustraliaCommonwealth RealmFederationStates And Territories Of AustraliaAshmore And Cartier IslandsAustralian Antarctic TerritoryChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsCoral Sea Islands TerritoryHeard Island And McDonald IslandsNorfolk IslandAustriaEuropean UnionFederationStates Of AustriaAzerbaijanNakhchivan Autonomous RepublicNagorno-KarabakhThe BahamasCommonwealth 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RealmUgandaUkraineTerritorial AutonomyAutonomous Republic Of CrimeaSevastopolRepublic Of CrimeaUnited Arab EmiratesFederationEmirates Of The United Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomCommonwealth RealmCountries Of The United KingdomEnglandNorthern IrelandScotlandWalesAkrotiri And DhekeliaAnguillaBermudaBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Virgin IslandsCayman IslandsFalkland IslandsGibraltarMontserratPitcairn IslandsSaint Helena, Ascension And Tristan Da CunhaSouth Georgia And The South Sandwich IslandsTurks And Caicos IslandsBritish Antarctic TerritoryGuernseyIsle Of ManJerseyUnited StatesFederationPolitical Divisions Of The United StatesAmerican SamoaGuamNorthern Mariana IslandsPuerto RicoUnited States Virgin IslandsBaker IslandHowland IslandJarvis IslandJohnston AtollKingman ReefMidway AtollNavassa IslandWake IslandPalmyra AtollAssociated StateCompact Of Free AssociationMarshall IslandsFederated States Of MicronesiaPalauBajo Nuevo BankSerranilla 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Administrative Entity Of South OssetiaTaiwanChina And The United NationsList Of Specialized Agencies Of The United NationsChinese TaipeiChinaTaiwanSpratly IslandsMainland ChinaInternational Recognition Of The Republic Of ChinaForeign Relations Of TaiwanChinese TaipeiWorld Trade OrganizationUnited Nations Security CouncilChina And The United NationsTransnistriaForeign Relations Of TransnistriaTransnistria Autonomous Territorial Unit With Special Legal StatusCustomary International LawSovereign StateMontevideo ConventionLegal PersonalityDiplomatic RecognitionSovereign StateSovereigntyDeclaration Of IndependenceUN Member StateProto-statesMember States Of The United NationsRepublic Of ArtsakhTransnistriaSomalilandAssociated StateAzad KashmirGilgit BaltistanDependent TerritoryPortal:GeographyPortal:PoliticsPortal:ListsISO 3166-1Adjectivals And Demonyms For Countries And NationsGallery Of Country Coats Of ArmsGallery Of Sovereign State FlagsList Of Countries And Capitals In Native 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Of CanadaDominionChinaTaiwanChinese TaipeiChinese TaipeiKuomintangChinese Civil WarCommunist Party Of ChinaTaipeiPolitical Status Of TaiwanFree Area Of The Republic Of ChinaChina And The United NationsOne-China PolicyTaiwan Province, People's Republic Of ChinaTaiwan Independence MovementDates Of Establishment Of Diplomatic Relations With The People's Republic Of ChinaForeign Relations Of ChinaFederationFederationZaireName Of The Czech RepublicÅland IslandsTreaty Of Paris (1856)League Of NationsConstitution Of IcelandPresident Of IcelandNames For IcelandKoreaForeign Relations Of North KoreaForeign Relations Of South KoreaKashmirList Of Territorial DisputesDominion Of CeylonSpratly IslandsChinaTaiwanList Of Territorial DisputesSovereign Military Order Of MaltaMicronationUncontacted PeopleStateless SocietyDigital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Serial NumberOCLCDigital Object IdentifierIrelandNames Of The Irish StateForeign Relations Of The Cook IslandsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-275-96934-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-81-261-1091-9Oxford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-3-642-11787-9PridnestrovieMinnesota Journal Of International LawInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-896440-61-3Taipei TimesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781107609433International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0765800497International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1107161627International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-85598-291-1OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7494-4066-4OCLCTemplate:Lists Of Sovereign States And Dependent Territories By ContinentTemplate Talk:Lists Of Sovereign States And Dependent Territories By ContinentList Of Sovereign States And Dependent Territories By ContinentContinentList Of Sovereign States And Dependent 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1802List Of Sovereign States In 1803List Of Sovereign States In 1804List Of Sovereign States In 1805List Of Sovereign States In 1806List Of Sovereign States In 1807List Of Sovereign States In 1808List Of Sovereign States In 1809List Of Sovereign States In 1810List Of Sovereign States In 1811List Of Sovereign States In 1812List Of Sovereign States In 1813List Of Sovereign States In 1814List Of Sovereign States In 1815List Of Sovereign States In 1816List Of Sovereign States In 1817List Of Sovereign States In 1818List Of Sovereign States In 1819List Of Sovereign States In 1820List Of Sovereign States In 1821List Of Sovereign States In 1822List Of Sovereign States In 1823List Of Sovereign States In 1824List Of Sovereign States In 1825List Of Sovereign States In 1826List Of Sovereign States In 1827List Of Sovereign States In 1828List Of Sovereign States In 1829List Of Sovereign States In 1830List Of Sovereign States In 1831List Of Sovereign States In 1832List Of Sovereign States In 1833List Of Sovereign States In 1834List Of Sovereign States In 1835List Of Sovereign States In 1836List Of Sovereign States In 1837List Of Sovereign States In 1838List Of Sovereign States In 1839List Of Sovereign States In 1840List Of Sovereign States In 1841List Of Sovereign States In 1842List Of Sovereign States In 1843List Of Sovereign States In 1844List Of Sovereign States In 1845List Of Sovereign States In 1846List Of Sovereign States In 1847List Of Sovereign States In 1848List Of Sovereign States In 1849List Of Sovereign States In 1850List Of Sovereign States In 1851List Of Sovereign States In 1852List Of Sovereign States In 1853List Of Sovereign States In 1854List Of Sovereign States In 1855List Of Sovereign States In 1856List Of Sovereign States In 1857List Of Sovereign States In 1858List Of Sovereign States In 1859List Of Sovereign States In 1860List Of Sovereign States In 1861List Of Sovereign States In 1862List Of Sovereign States In 1863List Of Sovereign States In 1864List Of Sovereign States In 1865List Of Sovereign States In 1866List Of Sovereign States In 1867List Of Sovereign States In 1868List Of Sovereign States In 1869List Of Sovereign States In 1870List Of Sovereign States In 1871List Of Sovereign States In 1872List Of Sovereign States In 1873List Of Sovereign States In 1874List Of Sovereign States In 1875List Of Sovereign States In 1876List Of Sovereign States In 1877List Of Sovereign States In 1878List Of Sovereign States In 1879List Of Sovereign States In 1880List Of Sovereign States In 1881List Of Sovereign States In 1882List Of Sovereign States In 1883List Of Sovereign States In 1884List Of Sovereign States In 1885List Of Sovereign States In 1886List Of Sovereign States In 1887List Of Sovereign States In 1888List Of Sovereign States In 1889List Of Sovereign States In 1890List Of Sovereign States In 1891List Of Sovereign States In 1892List Of Sovereign States In 1893List Of Sovereign States In 1894List Of Sovereign States In 1895List Of Sovereign States In 1896List Of Sovereign States In 1897List Of Sovereign States In 1898List Of Sovereign States In 1899List Of Sovereign States In 1900List Of Sovereign States In 1901List Of Sovereign States In 1902List Of Sovereign States In 1903List Of Sovereign States In 1904List Of Sovereign States In 1905List Of Sovereign States In 1906List Of Sovereign States In 1907List Of Sovereign States In 1908List Of Sovereign States In 1909List Of Sovereign States In 1910List Of Sovereign States In 1911List Of Sovereign States In 1912List Of Sovereign States In 1913List Of Sovereign States In 1914List Of Sovereign States In 1915List Of Sovereign States In 1916List Of Sovereign States In 1917List Of Sovereign States In 1918List Of Sovereign States In 1919List Of Sovereign States In 1920List Of Sovereign States In 1921List Of Sovereign States In 1922List Of Sovereign States In 1923List Of Sovereign States In 1924List Of Sovereign States In 1925List Of Sovereign States In 1926List Of Sovereign States In 1927List Of Sovereign States In 1928List Of Sovereign States In 1929List Of Sovereign States In 1930List Of Sovereign States In 1931List Of Sovereign States In 1932List Of Sovereign States In 1933List Of Sovereign States In 1934List Of Sovereign States In 1935List Of Sovereign States In 1936List Of Sovereign States In 1937List Of Sovereign States In 1938List Of Sovereign States In 1939List Of Sovereign States In 1940List Of Sovereign States In 1941List Of Sovereign States In 1942List Of Sovereign States In 1943List Of Sovereign States In 1944List Of Sovereign States In 1945List Of Sovereign States In 1946List Of Sovereign States In 1947List Of Sovereign States In 1948List Of Sovereign States In 1949List Of Sovereign States In 1950List Of Sovereign States In 1951List Of Sovereign States In 1952List Of Sovereign States In 1953List Of Sovereign States In 1954List Of Sovereign States In 1955List Of Sovereign States In 1956List Of Sovereign States In 1957List Of 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