Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 3 Projects 4 Awards 5 Publications 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links


Early life[edit] Freeway Park, Seattle Halprin grew up in Brooklyn, New York; and as a schoolboy, he earned acclaim playing sandlot baseball. Being Jewish,[4][5] he spent three of his teenage years in Israel on a kibbutz near what is today the Israeli port city of Haifa.[6] He earned a B.A. at Cornell University; and he was granted a M.A. at the University of Wisconsin. Then he earned a second bachelor's degree from the Harvard Graduate School of Design, where his professors included architects Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer.[7] His Harvard classmates included Philip Johnson and I.M. Pei. A visit to Taliesin, Frank Lloyd Wright’s studio in Wisconsin, had sparked Halprin’s initial interest in being a designer;[6] and his formal training began in classes with Christopher Tunnard. In 1944, Halprin was commissioned in the United States Navy as a Lieutenant (junior grade). He was assigned to the destroyer USS Morris in the Pacific which was struck by a kamikaze attack. After surviving the destruction of the Morris, Halprin was sent to San Francisco on leave. It was there he would stay following his discharge.


Career[edit] Lovejoy Fountain Park, Portland, Oregon After discharge from military service, he joined the firm of San Francisco landscape architect Thomas Dolliver Church.[1] The projects he worked on in this period included the Dewey Donnell Garden (El Novillero) in Sonoma County. Halprin opened his own office in 1949, becoming one of Church's professional heirs and competitors.[8] Halprin's wife, accomplished avant-garde dancer Anna Halprin, is a long-time collaborator, with whom he explored the common areas between choreography and the way users move through a public space. They are the parents of Daria Halprin, an American psychologist, author, dancer, and actress, and of Rana Halprin, a photographer and activist for Romani and human rights.[9] Halprin's work is marked by his attention to human scale, user experience, and the social impact of his designs, in the egalitarian tradition of Frederick Law Olmsted. Halprin was the creative force behind the interactive, 'playable' civic fountains most common in the 1970s, an amenity which continues to greatly contribute to the pedestrian social experience in Portland Oregon, where "Ira's Fountain" is loved and well-used, and the United Nations Plaza in San Francisco. The Heritage Park Plaza in Fort Worth, Texas, designed by Halprin and built in 1980, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as its featured listing of the week, on May 21, 2010. Recently many of Halprin's works have become the source of some controversy. Some have fallen victim to neglect, and are in states of disrepair. Critics argue his pieces have become dated and no longer reflect the direction their cities want to take.[citation needed] Budgetary constraints and the urge to "revitalize" threaten some of his projects. In response foundations have been set up to improve care for some of the sites and to try to preserve them in their original state. He was the co-creator with his wife, the dancer Anna Halprin, of the "RSVP Cycles", a creative methodology that can be applied broadly across all disciplines.[10]


Projects[edit] United Nations Plaza, Civic Center, San Francisco serpentine transitway, Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis Halprin's range of projects demonstrate his vision of the garden or open space as a stage.[11] Halprin recognized that "the garden in your own immediate neighborhood, preferably at your own doorstep, is the most significant garden;" and as part of a seamless whole, he valued "wilderness areas where we can be truly alone with ourselves and where nature can be sensed as the primeval source of life."[12] The interplay of perspectives informed projects which encompassed urban parks, plazas, commercial and cultural centers and other places of congregation:[13] Ferris House landscape, Spokane, Washington, 1955 Washington Water Power (now Avista Corporation) campus, Spokane, Washington, 1959 Master landscaping plan for the 1962 Seattle World's Fair, Seattle, 1958–1962 Landscape plan for the West Coast Memorial to the Missing of World War II, Presidio of San Francisco, 1960 Sproul Plaza, University of California, Berkeley, 1962[14] Ghirardelli Square in San Francisco, California, an early model for adaptive reuse of historic buildings,[15] 1962–1965 Saint Francis Square Cooperative housing project [1], San Francisco, design based on a pedestrian-oriented site plan, with three-story apartment buildings facing onto three landscaped interior courtyards, 1964 Master landscape plan for Sea Ranch, California, a historically significant planned community collaboration with developer Al Boeke and architects Joseph Esherick, Charles Willard Moore and others,[7][16] 1964 Master planning for sections of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system, San Francisco, 1964–1966 Landscape work for Oakbrook Center in Oak Brook, Illinois, exterior landscaping and 'horsehead' fountain scheme for Northwest Plaza in St. Louis, Missouri, among many other post-war suburban shopping plazas, 1966–1968 Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis, one of the nation's first transitways, 1968 Park Central Square, Springfield, Missouri, 1970 Ira Keller Fountain (Ira's Fountain), with Lovejoy Fountain Park, part of a multi-block sequence of public fountains and outdoor rooms in Portland, Oregon,[15] 1971 Transit Mall in Downtown Portland, Oregon,[15] 1971 Water Garden, Olympia, Washington, 1972[17] Skyline Park in Denver, Colorado - inspired by Colorado National Monument, 1974 United Nations Plaza in San Francisco, California, 1975 Sculpture Garden at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia, 1975, destroyed Manhattan Square Park in Rochester, NY, 5-acre (20,000 m2) urban park with waterfalls, playground and skating rink, 1975 Riverbank Park, Flint, Michigan, 1975 Freeway Park in Seattle, Washington, an innovative reclaiming of interstate right-of-way for park space, 1976 Plaza 8 Water Feature, 8th Street (adjacent to the Mead Public Library), Sheboygan, Wisconsin, 1976 Downtown Mall in Charlottesville, VA, 8-9 block pedestrian only zone along the city's historic main street, 1976 Heritage Park Plaza, downtown Fort Worth, Texas, 1980 Grand Hope Park, Los Angeles, CA, 1994 Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Washington, D.C.,[15] 1997 Letterman Digital Arts Center, San Francisco, California,[7] 2005 Yosemite Falls: Loop-trail approach (and associated stonework) to Lower Yosemite Fall, with views of Upper Yosemite Fall, in Yosemite National Park, dedicated 2005[15] Stern Grove Amphitheater, San Francisco, California, 2005 Levi Plaza in San Francisco, California Cascade Plaza in Akron, Ohio Main Street Streetscape in Greenville, South Carolina Innerbelt Freeway in Akron, Ohio


Awards[edit] 1964 AIA Medal for Allied professionals 1969 Elected fellow in the American Society of Landscape Architects 1970 Elected honorary fellow of the Institute of Interior Design 1976 American Society of Landscape Architects Medal 1979 Thomas Jefferson Foundation Medal in Architecture [6] 1979 Gold Medal for Distinguished Achievement awarded by the AIA 1987 Elected into the National Academy of Design 2002 National Medal of Arts[6] 2002 Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell Golden Ring 2003 ASLA Design Medal[6] 2005 Michaelangelo Award


Publications[edit] A Life Spent Changing Places (2011) ISBN 978-0-8122-4263-8 The Sea Ranch: Diary of an Idea (2003) ISBN 1-888931-23-X The FDR Memorial: Designed by Lawrence Halprin (1998) ISBN 1-888931-11-6 The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial (1997) ISBN 0-8118-1706-7 "Design as a Value System", Places: Vol. 6: No. 1 (1989) Lawrence Halprin: Changing Places (1986) ISBN 0-918471-06-0 Ecology of Form (audio book) (1982) ISBN 1-85035-074-4 Sketchbooks of Lawrence Halprin (1981) ISBN 4-89331-701-6 Lawrence Halprin (Process Architecture) (1978) Taking Part: A Workshop Approach to Collective Creativity (with Jim Burns) (1974) ISBN 0-262-58028-4 Lawrence Halprin: Notebooks 1959–1971 (1972) ISBN 0-262-08051-6 The RSVP cycles; creative processes in the human environment. (1970, c1969) ISBN 0-8076-0557-3 Freeways (1966) “Motation.” Progressive Architecture Vol. 46 (July 1965): ppg. 126-133 Cities (1963)


Notes[edit] ^ a b King, John. "Architect Lawrence Halprin dies," San Francisco Chronicle. October 26, 2009. ^ Walker, Peter et al. (1994). Invisible Gardens: the Search for Modernism in the American Landscape, p. 9. ^ Rainey, Reuben M. (2001). "The Garden as Narrative: Lawrence Halprin's Frankllin Delano Roosevelt Memorial," in Places of Commemoration : Search for Identity and Landscape Design, pp. 377-413. ^ Benjamin Ivry. "An American Landscape Architect and His Sabra Designs". The Forward Association, Inc. Retrieved July 20, 2016.  ^ Jeff Gonot (11 June 2012). "Book Review: A Life Spent Changing Places". Archived from the original on 2012-06-19. Retrieved July 20, 2016.  ^ a b c d e Sullivan, Patricia. "Lawrence Halprin, 93; Urban projects won wide acclaim for American landscape architect," The Washington Post. October 28, 2009. ^ a b c Martin, Douglas. "Lawrence Halprin, Landscape Architect, Dies at 93," The New York Times October 28, 2003. ^ Wallace, p. 116. ^ http://www.annahalprin.org/about_bio.html ^ Worth, Libby et al. (2004). Anna Halprin, p. 68. ^ Walker, p. 153. ^ Walker, pp. 153-154. ^ Walker, p. 154. ^ Carol Ness, "Landscape designer who built Sproul Plaza leaves a national legacy: Lawrence Halprin, 93, helped shape the modern Berkeley campus," UC Berkeley News, 30 October 2009. ^ a b c d e Muldoon, Katy. "Landscape Legend Lawrence Halprin dies at 93," The Oregonian. October 26, 2009. ^ Woo, Elaine (2011-11-20). "Al Boeke dies at 88; 'father' of Northern California's Sea Ranch". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-12-03.  ^ Alexander, Kristin (January 23, 2005). "The Fate of a Fountain" (PDF). www.kristinalexander.com. The Olympian. 


References[edit] Hirsch, Alison Bick. (2014). "City Choreography." University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-816-67979-9 Worth, Libby and Helen Poynor. (2004). Anna Halprin. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-27329-9 Rainey, Reuben M. (2001). "The Garden as Narrative: Lawrence Halprin's Frankllin Delano Roosevelt Memorial," in Places of Commemoration : Search for Identity and Landscape Design by Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn. Washington, D.C. : Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. ISBN 978-0-88402-260-2; OCLC 185572850 Walker, Peter and Melanie Louise Simo. (1994). Invisible Gardens: the Search for Modernism in the American Landscape. Cambridge: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-23177-0; OCLC 30476510


External links[edit] The Telegraph: Lawrence Halprin obituary National Park Service article Illustrated appreciation of Ira Keller Fountain in Portland Oregon Washington Post profile of Halprin on the dedication of the FDR Memorial Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 20535416 LCCN: n50018479 ISNI: 0000 0001 1488 5194 GND: 121347699 SUDOC: 081077351 BNF: cb12839839v (data) BIBSYS: 90743948 ULAN: 500008598 NDL: 00467840 SNAC: w6qz2cc7 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lawrence_Halprin&oldid=824559535" Categories: American landscape architectsAmerican landscape and garden designers1916 births2009 deathsAmerican designersAmerican JewsJewish architectsCalifornia people in designUnited States National Medal of Arts recipientsCornell University alumniHarvard Graduate School of Design alumniArtists from the San Francisco Bay AreaPeople from Marin County, California20th-century American artistsHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from November 2017Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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EnlargeIra Keller FountainUnited StatesLandscape ArchitectDesignerTeacherSan Francisco Bay AreaWilliam WursterJoseph Esherick (architect)Vernon DeMarsMario J. CiampiUC BerkeleyCentury 21 ExpositionGhirardelli SquareNicollet MallModernismEnlargeFreeway ParkBrooklynNew York (state)KibbutzHaifaBachelor Of ArtsCornell UniversityMaster Of ArtsUniversity Of WisconsinHarvard Graduate School Of DesignWalter GropiusMarcel BreuerPhilip JohnsonI.M. 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