Contents 1 Location 2 History 2.1 Tongva 2.2 Lookout Mountain 2.3 Counterculture 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Location[edit] Laurel Canyon is focused on its central thoroughfare, Laurel Canyon Boulevard. However, unlike other nearby canyon neighborhoods, Laurel Canyon has houses lining one side of the main street most of the way up to Mulholland Drive. There are many side roads that branch off the main canyon, but most are not through streets, reinforcing the self-contained nature of the neighborhood. Some of the main side streets are Mount Olympus, Kirkwood, Wonderland Avenue, Willow Glen, and Lookout Mountain Avenue. The zip code for a portion of the neighborhood is 90046.[1] Laurel Canyon Boulevard is an important North-South route between: West Hollywood, Hollywood, and Central Los Angeles; and Studio City and the eastern San Fernando Valley. The canyon's division between the two regions is defined by Mulholland Drive. In early 2005, the first section of the road on the Hollywood side was partially washed away in a heavy rainstorm, and traffic was redirected to a normally quiet residential side street.[citation needed]

History[edit] Tongva[edit] The Laurel Canyon area was inhabited by the Tongva people, a regional tribe of the indigenous peoples of California, for thousands of years.[citation needed] A spring-fed stream flowed year-round providing water. The reliable water attracted colonial Spanish ranchers who started sheep grazing on the hillsides in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. After the Mexican-American War and U.S. statehood, the area was settled by Americans interested in water rights. Lookout Mountain[edit] Trolleybuses passing each other in Laurel Canyon Drive. The bus on the right is coasting with trolley poles down[2][3][4][better source needed][5][6][7] Travel up the canyon was at first made on foot or by mule. Built in 1907, an 82-mile dirt road, later named Laurel Canyon Boulevard ran up the canyon where it divided at what is now Lookout Mountain Road. The left road went up to the summit of Lookout Mountain and the other went to the top of the Santa Monica Mountains and down to the San Fernando Valley. In 1908, the Lookout Mountain Park and Water company was formed to purchase 280 acres on Lookout Mountain, just west of Laurel Canyon, subdivided and marketed as mountain vacation properties. On Aug. 14, 1908, Los Angeles Times announced the newly formed Lookout Mountain Park Land and Water Co. would build Lookout Mountain Inn at the summit of Lookout Mountain and Sunset Plaza roads, and Lookout Mountain Park, Bungalow Land at Laurel Canyon Boulevard and Lookout Mountain Avenue and Wonderland Park.[8] Two years later, the company widened the winding dirt road to the top of Lookout Mountain where they built the Lookout Mountain Inn.[9][10] In 1912, Charles Mann, a real estate developer and Richard Shoemaker, an engineer,[11] built a trackless electric trolley bus line which ran between the Laurel Canyon Pacific Electric Shuttle stop at the foot of Laurel Canyon at Sunset Boulevard,[12][13] up Laurel Canyon Road from Sunset Boulevard to the Tavern at the base of Lookout Mountain Road, a road house serving visitors. The car had two trolley poles, one to a positive overhead wire and one to a ground overhead wire, and was able to sway to either side of the street, only using power uphill. The trolley was actually a 1912 Oldsmobile with an electric motor and 10-passenger capacity.[14] The overhead wires came down and the service was replaced by Stanley Steamers about 1915. Until 1918, the trackless trolley traveled up and down Laurel Canyon to meet the half hour schedule to Los Angeles. It was insufficiently patronized and discontinued when Pacific Electric stopped running streetcars between Gardner Junction and Laurel Canyon Boulevard, and demand failed to support it.[15][16] On October 26, 1918, a fire, fanned by strong Santa Ana winds, burned about 200 acres and totally destroyed Lookout Mountain Inn at the summit of Lookout Mountain Avenue and Sunset Plaza Drive.[17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25] Another major fire occurred in July 1959, destroying some 38 homes. [26] As the roads were improved access was possible by automobile.[27][28][29][30][31][32] Now a vacant lot, the corner of Lookout Mountain Avenue and Laurel Canyon Blvd (2401 Laurel Canyon Blvd)[33] is where the Tavern, a famous 1915 "Log Cabin" mansion stood, with its 80-foot living room, floor to ceiling fireplace, bowling alley and indoor sunken swimming pool.[34] It was once occupied by silent film star Tom Mix[35] but spent years on the rental market. In 1968 it was rented by Frank Zappa who turned it into a recording studio and celebrity hangout.[36][37] However, Zappa moved out after six months. The house burned to the ground on Halloween 1981. Directly across the street, at 2400 Laurel Canyon Blvd., is site of the home, long-gone, that magician Harry Houdini may have rented around 1919. It was originally the Walker estate.[38][39] Counterculture[edit] Laurel Canyon found itself a nexus of counterculture activity and attitudes in the mid-late 1960s and early 1970's, becoming famous as home to many of L.A.'s rock musicians, such as Frank Zappa; Jim Morrison of The Doors; Carole King; The Byrds; Buffalo Springfield; Canned Heat; John Mayall; members of the band The Eagles; the band Love; Neil Young; and Micky Dolenz & Peter Tork of The Monkees. Tork's home was considered one of Laurel Canyon's biggest party houses with all-night, drug-fueled sleepovers, well attended by the hippest musicians and movie stars of the era.[40][41][42] John Phillips of the Mamas & the Papas took inspiration from their home in Laurel Canyon for the song "Twelve Thirty (Young Girls Are Coming to the Canyon), released in 1967. In 1968, John Mayall recorded and released Blues from Laurel Canyon based on his experiences on a vacation earlier that year. Famed photographer Henry Diltz was also a resident and used the scenic Canyon backdrop for many of his historic photos of rock musicians casually socializing. Several of his photos became iconic representations of the 1960s & 1970's West Coast music scene and many others became famous album sleeve covers (such as CSN's debut album: Crosby, Stills & Nash - photographed in nearby West Hollywood). Joni Mitchell, living in the home in the Canyon that was immortalized in the song, "Our House" (1970), written by her then-lover Graham Nash, would use the area and its denizens as inspiration for her third album, Ladies of the Canyon (1970). Crosby, Stills, and Nash are reputed to have first sung together in her living room.[43] Musician J. Tillman has said that his output under the moniker Father John Misty was partly inspired by a relocation to and personal reinvention in Laurel Canyon. The song "I Went to the Store One Day," from his 2015 album I Love You, Honeybear, recounts the story of how Tillman met his wife, Emma, in the parking lot of the Laurel Canyon Country Store.[44][45] On July 1, 1981, three members and one associate of the Wonderland Gang, so-called because they were based at 8763 Wonderland Avenue, died in the Wonderland murders (also known as the "Four on the Floor murders" or the "Laurel Canyon murders"). Salon reports: "The massacre took place just down the street from what was then the home of Jerry Brown, who was California’s governor at the time. And 8763 Wonderland Ave. itself is said to have been inhabited at one time by Paul Revere and the Raiders."[46]

See also[edit] The Mansion (recording studio) Counterculture of the 1960s Lookout Mountain Air Force Station Laurel Canyon (film)

References[edit] ^ Verified Aug 16, 2015 at US Postal Service look-up site. See!input.action?resultMode=1&companyName=&address1=laurel+canyon&address2=&city=los+angeles&state=CA&urbanCode=&postalCode=&zip= ^ ^ ^ de:Datei:Trackless Trolley 00018878.jpg ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Los Angeles Herald, Volume 37, Number 156, 6 March 1910 "Mrs. F. J. Talamantes, accompanied by her daughters, Mrs. M. D. O'Farrell and Miss Fay Talamantes, left yesterday for a two weeks' stay at Bungalow Inn, in Laurel canyon" ^ ^ The Laurel Canyon Pacific Electric Shuttle ran fromthe foot of Laurel Canyon at Sunset Boulevard to Gardner Junction at Gardner Street and Sunset Boulevard, Beverly Hills line of the Pacific Electric Railway station. (1451 N Gardner St, West Hollywood, CA 90046,-118.3617229,16z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x80c2bedc10477be1:0x97c62b281862f15a!8m2!3d34.0977496!4d-118.3529789) ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ // ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-17. Retrieved 2016-05-03.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-26. Retrieved 2016-05-03.  ^ Dowd, Vincent (28 September 2011). "Frank Zappa: the clean-living hellraiser". BBC News. Retrieved 6 September 2014.  Interview with Pauline Butcher, Zappa's live-in secretary. ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Sheila Weller, Girls Like Us: Carole King, Joni Mitchell, Carly Simon—And the Journey of a Generation, Atria Books, 2008, ISBN 0743491475. ^ ^ ^ Lemons, Stephen (June 9, 2000). "Return to Wonderland". Salon. 

Further reading[edit] Michael Walker, Laurel Canyon: The Inside Story of Rock ’n’ Roll’s Legendary Neighborhood, Farrar Straus and Giroux (16 May 2006), hardcover, 277 pages, ISBN 0-571-21149-6 trade paperback (May 1, 2007); ISBN 0-86547-966-6. Barney Hoskyns, Hotel California: Singer-Songwriters and Cocaine Cowboys in the LA Canyons, 1967–1976, Harper Perennial (2006), Paperback, 316 pages, ISBN 0-00-717705-4 Harvey Kubernik, Scott Calamar, Diltz, Henry, Lou Adler, Canyon of Dreams: The Magic and the Music of Laurel Canyon (Sterling Publishing, 2009), 384 pages, ISBN 978-1-4027-6589-6. Excerpts available at Google Books. David McGowan, Weird Scenes Inside the Canyon: Laurel Canyon, Covert Ops & the Dark Heart of the Hippie Dream, Headpress (18. April 2014), Paperback, 320 Pages, ISBN 978-1909394124

External links[edit]—website for the Laurel Canyon Association, which contains an extensive history edited by Rick Seireeni "Music and Mayhem in 'Laurel Canyon'", from broadcast September 6, 2006 Studio City Studio City Studio City     Coldwater Canyon in Hollywood Hills    Laurel Canyon     Runyon Canyon Park & Cahuenga Pass in Hollywood Hills West Hollywood West Hollywood Hollywood v t e City of Los Angeles Topics History Timeline Transportation Culture Landmarks Historic sites Skyscrapers Demographics Crime Sports Media Music Notable people Lists Government Flag Mayors City Council (President) Other elected officials Airport DWP Fire Department Police Public schools Libraries Port Transportation LA Regions Crescenta Valley Downtown Eastside Harbor Area Greater Hollywood Northeast LA Northwest LA San Fernando Valley South LA Westside Wilshire Mid-City West Mid-Wilshire v t e Greater Hollywood Districts and neighborhoods Beachwood Canyon Cahuenga Pass Colegrove East Hollywood Hollywood Hollywood Dell Hollywood Hills Laurel Canyon Little Armenia Melrose District Melrose Hill Nichols Canyon Outpost Estates Spaulding Square Thai Town Whitley Heights Yucca Corridor Points of interest Dolby Theatre Griffith Park TCL Chinese Theatre Hollywood and Highland Hollywood Boulevard Hollywood Sign Walk of Fame La Brea Tar Pits Pantages Theatre Sunset Bronson Studios Sunset Gower Studios Neighboring cities and communities Beverly Hills Universal City West Hollywood LA Regions Crescenta Valley Downtown Eastside Harbor Area Greater Hollywood Northeast LA Northwest LA San Fernando Valley South LA Westside Wilshire Mid-City West Mid-Wilshire Coordinates: 34°7′2.19″N 118°22′31.01″W / 34.1172750°N 118.3752806°W / 34.1172750; -118.3752806 Retrieved from ",_Los_Angeles&oldid=828289001" Categories: Laurel Canyon, Los Angeles1960s in CaliforniaHippie movementCounterculture of the 1960sHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from June 2014All articles needing additional referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2013Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016All articles lacking reliable referencesArticles lacking reliable references from January 2018Coordinates on Wikidata

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