Contents 1 Catalan 2 Spanish and Galician 3 Portuguese 4 French 5 References 6 External links

Catalan[edit] Main article: Catalan language Most signage in Andorra is monolingual in Catalan Catalan is the only official language of Andorra.[1] It is also the historical and traditional language of the country used by government, television, radio, and other national media and is the main language of all the people living in the territory of Andorran nationality, who constitute 33% of the total population.[citation needed] It is also the main language of about 25% of Spanish immigrants (who constitute 43% of Andorra's population), usually those who immigrated since 1985 from nearby Catalonia or Valencia.[citation needed] Recently the Government of Andorra is enforcing the learning and use of the language within the immigrant labor force as a means to fully apply the constitution and overcome the issue of people living in a country without knowing its only native language. Despite vast incoming tourism from Spanish-speakers from Spain, both public and private signage in Andorra is mostly monolingual in Catalan.[2] Andorra is the only country in which Catalan is the sole official language[3] and the only country in which Catalan has official status in all of its territory.[citation needed]

Spanish and Galician[edit] Main articles: Spanish language and Galician language Spanish is the main language of about 70% of Spanish national immigrants (the remaining 5% speak Galician). Most came to the country between 1955 and 1995 from the traditionally less developed southern, western and central regions of the Iberian Peninsula (Andalusia, Extremadura, Castile-La Mancha, Murcia, Galicia etc.) and from those next to the Bay of Biscay (Asturias, Cantabria etc.).[citation needed] The low degree of development of Andorra, the limited education in the immigrants' homelands, and the fear of an invasion by Spain during the Franco regime made it more difficult for the immigrants to integrate fully until 1993, when the constitution of the country was approved.[citation needed] Since then, Spanish has become the second most used language of the population living in the country,[4] and moreover is the dominant language of communication amongst people of different linguistic backgrounds — "the language of the street", thus triggering recent government efforts to promote more general and universal use of Catalan.[2] Since Andorra also shares both Catalan and French education systems, children can learn Spanish if parents choose the Catalan option.

Portuguese[edit] Main article: Portuguese language The traditional economic situation in Northern Portugal (Norte) prompted a large migration flux to the country between 1960 and 1980, increasing the Portuguese population to 11% of the total, which added to a small community of Brazilians which migrated to Andorra in the 1990s has led to a present-day lusophone population of about 13% of the country's total.[citation needed]

French[edit] Main article: French language The nearby border with France, the reduced tax-free cost of living, and job opportunities in the thriving tourist industry have resulted in 7% of the country's total population being French nationals, mainly immigrants from Francophone Africa.[5] It is the main language of communication next to Catalan in Pas de la Casa on the French border.[2] As with Spanish, children can be taught at school in the French language, if parents so choose.

References[edit] ^ "Constitution of Andorra (Article 2.1)".  ^ a b c Molla, Guillem. "El català a Andorra: tota una lluita" (PDF) (in Italian). Universitat de Girona. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-22.  ^ Farràs, Jaume. "The sociolinguistic situation in Andorra: results of differents studies" (PDF). Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ "Tractaments protocul-laris". Estudi sociolingüístic del 2004 (in Catalan). Principality of Andorra.  ^ "Departament d'Estadistica" (in Catalan). principality of Andorra. 

External links[edit] Ethnologue report for Andorra CIA – The World Factbook Departament d'Estadistica Tractaments protocul-laris v t e Andorra articles History Marca Hispanica Geography Cities and villages Environment Geology Lakes Mountains Parishes Rivers Wildlife Politics Army and security Police Corps of Andorra Co-Princes Constitution Elections Foreign relations Heads of government Human rights LGBT rights Political parties Economy Banks Companies Euro Taxation Tourism Culture Arts Communications Cuisine Education Ethnic groups Flag History Languages Music People Public holidays Religion Sport Basketball Football Olympics Rugby union Transport Outline Index Bibliography Book Category Portal v t e Languages of Europe Sovereign states Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City States with limited recognition Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria Dependencies and other entities Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Svalbard Other entities European Union This Andorra-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e Retrieved from "" Categories: Languages of AndorraAndorra stubsHidden categories: CS1 Italian-language sources (it)CS1 Catalan-language sources (ca)Articles needing additional references from December 2014All articles needing additional referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2013Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012All stub articles

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