Contents 1 Boomers and Sooners 2 Rapid growth 3 Depictions in popular culture 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


Boomers and Sooners[edit] "The Oklahoma Land Rush, April 22, 1889", by John Steuart Curry A number of the people who participated in the run entered the unoccupied land early and hid there until the legal time of entry to lay quick claim to some of the most choice homesteads. These people came to be identified as "Sooners." This led to hundreds of legal contests that arose and were decided first at local land offices and eventually by the U.S. Department of the Interior. Arguments included what constituted the "legal time of entry."[3] While some people think that the settlers who entered the territory at the legally appointed time were known as "boomers," the term actually refers to those who campaigned for the opening of the lands, led by David L. Payne.[4] The University of Oklahoma's fight song, "Boomer Sooner", derives from these two names.[5]


Rapid growth[edit] By the end of the day (April 22, 1889), both Oklahoma City and Guthrie had established cities of around 10,000 people in literally half a day. As Harper's Weekly put it: "At twelve o'clock on Monday, April 22d, the resident population of Guthrie was nothing; before sundown it was at least ten thousand. In that time streets had been laid out, town lots staked off, and steps taken toward the formation of a municipal government."[6] Many settlers immediately started improving their new land or stood in line waiting to file their claim. Many children sold creek water to homesteaders waiting in line for five cents a cup, while other children gathered buffalo dung to provide fuel for cooking.[7] By the second week, schools had opened and were being taught by volunteers paid by pupils' parents until regular school districts could be established. Within one month, Oklahoma City had five banks and six newspapers.[7] On May 2, 1890, the Oklahoma Organic Act was passed creating the Oklahoma Territory. This act included the Panhandle of Oklahoma within the territory. It also allowed for central governments and designated Guthrie as the territory's capital.[7]


Depictions in popular culture[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Hollywood has produced motion pictures illustrating the Oklahoma Land Run of 1889 and the way of a pioneer's life on the acreaged claims. Two of these, both named Cimarron, were based upon the 1929 novel of the same name by Edna Ferber:[citation needed] Cimarron (1931): directed by Wesley Ruggles; screenplay cast includes Richard Dix, Irene Dunne and Estelle Taylor. It was an Academy Award Winner for Best Art Direction, Best Picture, Best Writing and Adaptation.[citation needed] Cimarron (1960): directed by Anthony Mann and Charles Walters; screenplay cast includes Glenn Ford, Maria Schell and Anne Baxter.[citation needed] Far and Away (1992). Directed by Ron Howard. Starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman. The Rush is also the central theme of the comic album Ruée sur l'Oklahoma, the 14th album of the Belgian comics series Lucky Luke.


See also[edit] Nannita Daisey, believed to be the first woman laying claim on Oklahoma land


References[edit] ^ "Rushes to Statehood, The Oklahoma Land Runs". Dickinson Research Center. Retrieved 2014-05-09.  ^ a b "1890 Oklahoma Territory Census". Archived from the original on 2006-02-06. Retrieved 2007-03-03.  ^ Hoig, Stan. "Land Run of 1889". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 2015-03-06.  ^ Hoig, Stan. "Boomer Movement". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 2015-03-06.  ^ What is a Sooner. SoonerAthletics. University of Oklahoma. Retrieved May 9, 2014. ^ Howard, William Willard (May 18, 1889). "The Rush To Oklahoma". Harper's Weekly (33): 391–94. Retrieved 2014-05-09.  ^ a b c "History of the Unassigned Lands". 2007-01-02. Retrieved 2007-03-04. [better source needed]


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Land Run of 1889. NY Times, April 22, 1889, Into Oklahoma at Last Oklahoma Land Openings 1889-1907 The Rush to Oklahoma from Harper's Weekly (May 18, 1889) Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Eighty-niners Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Land_Rush_of_1889&oldid=820803084" Categories: Pre-statehood history of OklahomaHistory of agriculture in the United StatesHistory of United States expansionismAmerican Old West1889 in Indian TerritoryApril 1889 eventsHidden categories: CS1: Julian–Gregorian uncertaintyAll articles lacking reliable referencesArticles lacking reliable references from May 2014Articles needing additional references from April 2017All articles needing additional referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from May 2014


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Land_Run_of_1889 - Photos and All Basic Informations

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A Black-and-white Photograph Of Cowboys On Their HorsesOklahomaLand RunUnassigned LandsCanadian County, OklahomaCleveland County, OklahomaKingfisher County, OklahomaLogan County, OklahomaOklahoma County, OklahomaPayne County, OklahomaOklahomaIndian Appropriations ActIllinoisWilliam McKendree SpringerBenjamin HarrisonHomestead Act Of 1862Abraham LincolnEnlargeJohn Steuart CurrySoonersU.S. Department Of The InteriorBoomers (Oklahoma Settlers)David L. PayneBoomer SoonerOklahoma City, OklahomaGuthrie, OklahomaHarper's WeeklyHomestead ActCow DungOklahoma Organic ActOklahoma TerritoryOklahoma PanhandleGuthrie, OklahomaWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalCimarron (novel)Edna FerberWikipedia:Citation NeededCimarron (1931 Film)Wesley RugglesRichard DixIrene DunneEstelle TaylorAcademy Award For Best Art DirectionAcademy Award For Best PictureAcademy Award For Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay)Wikipedia:Citation NeededCimarron (1960 Film)Anthony MannCharles WaltersGlenn FordMaria SchellAnne BaxterWikipedia:Citation NeededFar And AwayRuée Sur L'OklahomaLucky LukeNannita DaiseyOklahoma Historical SocietyOklahoma Historical SocietyWikipedia:NOTRSHarper's WeeklyHelp:CategoryCategory:Pre-statehood History Of OklahomaCategory:History Of Agriculture In The United StatesCategory:History Of United States ExpansionismCategory:American Old WestCategory:1889 In Indian TerritoryCategory:April 1889 EventsCategory:CS1: Julian–Gregorian UncertaintyCategory:All Articles Lacking Reliable ReferencesCategory:Articles Lacking Reliable References From May 2014Category:Articles Needing Additional References From April 2017Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From May 2014Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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