Contents 1 Background 2 Synopsis 2.1 Act I 2.2 Act II 3 Characters 4 Productions 4.1 Original Broadway production 4.2 Original London production 4.3 2004 Broadway revival 4.4 2008 London revival 4.5 2010 Broadway revival 4.6 National Tour (2011–2012) 4.7 2017 UK Tour 4.8 International productions 5 Musical numbers 6 Recordings 7 Awards and nominations 7.1 Original Broadway production 7.2 2004 Broadway revival 7.3 2008 London revival 7.4 2010 Broadway revival 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links


Background[edit] Allan Carr, who had produced the successful film adaptation of Grease (1978), was eager to work in theatre and thought a musical version of the hit 1978 film La Cage aux Folles would be an ideal vehicle for his Broadway debut.[2] However, he was unable to secure the rights to the film and was forced to settle for the rights to the original play only.[3] Carr hired Jay Presson Allen to write the book and Maury Yeston to compose the score for The Queen of Basin Street, an Americanized version set in New Orleans. With Mike Nichols set to direct and Tommy Tune on board as choreographer, Carr searched for executive producers and found them in Fritz Holt and Barry Brown, who immediately fired the entire creative team that Carr had assembled. All of them eventually filed lawsuits, but Yeston alone won and later collected a small royalty from La Cage.[4] Holt and Brown had produced the 1974 revival of Gypsy directed by Arthur Laurents, and they approached him with an offer to direct their new venture. Laurents was not a fan of drag or camp entertainment and thought Holt and Brown never would find enough investors to finance a gay-themed project at a time when, during the early years of the AIDS epidemic, homophobia was more intense than ever.[5] He agreed only because Holt and Brown were close friends and he wanted them to remain on Carr's payroll as long as possible, but his interest grew when he learned Harvey Fierstein and Jerry Herman had committed to the project.[6] According to Laurents, when he met with Fierstein and Herman for the first time, they had restored both the title and locale of the original play but had neither a script nor even an outline for the plot. All they had was the Herman song "I Am What I Am," and Laurents immediately envisioned it as an emotional outburst sung at the close of the first act. Laurents further claims that when he explained his concept to Fierstein and Herman, he inspired the direction they took in writing the musical.[6] Herman tells a very different story in an interview included in the original cast CD. He claims that they were well into the collaboration when Fierstein arrived one day with an emotional fiery scene he had written for the end of Act I that included the words "I am what I am." Delighted, Herman asked to use the five words, boasting he would have a song by morning, which he did. With gay-activist Fierstein and the political Laurents on board, the show could have "become a polemic diatribe on gay rights."[5] However, Herman was a moderating influence. Having suffered a series of disappointments with darker-themed shows since 1969, he was eager to score a hit with a mainstream, emotional, optimistic song-and-dance entertainment that middle-class audiences would enjoy.[5] The team opted to create "a charming, colorful, great-looking musical comedy - an old-fashioned piece of entertainment," as Herman recalled in his memoir Showtune.[7] By "delivering their sentiments in a sweetly entertaining manner", the team was able to convey their gay-themed message with more impact than they could have with a more aggressive approach.[8] Fierstein, Herman and Laurents met daily in Herman's Manhattan townhouse to work on the musical. Because they were limited to using only the Poiret play as a source, they were unable to include the character of Jean-Michel's birth mother, who had been created for the film. They focused the plot on the fact that the relationship of Georges and Albin seems so natural that the boy is able to accept a man as his "mother".[9] The three men agreed that Albin needed to be as glamorous an entertainer as possible, and Theoni V. Aldredge was hired as costume designer to achieve their goal.[10] The producers agreed to a Boston tryout, and just before the second preview (the first was cancelled due to problems with the mechanized set),[11] Herman had a panic attack prompted by his fear that the city probably was too conservative to embrace a gay-themed musical, albeit one designed for a mainstream audience. The Boston crowds gave the show an enthusiastic reception.[12] Fierstein, Herman and Laurents were also concerned that this was essentially a love story in which the lovers barely touched each other. Fierstein suggested they kiss on the cheeks at the end, and Laurents, citing the common custom of French men kissing each other on both cheeks, agreed.[13] George Hearn as Albin had the showier role and many of the big musical numbers. His character was fully drawn, and behind the drag performer, the audience could see "a person driven to take a stand for himself – a notion that all people could relate to."[8] In contrast, during rehearsals, everyone had supported firing Gene Barry, who was considered adequate but never outstanding as Georges, but finding a replacement proved to be difficult. Finally, just before opening night, Laurents directed him always to look into Hearn's eyes, whenever the two men were on stage, so the audience would sense the depth of the couple's feelings for each other. The director also had Georges introduce the various club acts with more of a flourish, "like an aria that will land like a musical number." Both of these last-minute stage directions enabled Barry to get a better grasp of his character.[14] Barry went on to get a Tony nomination for Best Actor in a musical for his efforts, Co-Star Hearn took home the trophy. According to theatre historian John Kenrick, La Cage aux Folles helped make the 1983 Broadway season an especially strong one. He noted that following La Cage and Big River in 1985, for "the first time since Oklahoma, a full decade would go by before a new American musical would pass the 1,000-performance mark."[15]


Synopsis[edit] Act I[edit] Georges, the master of ceremonies, welcomes the audience to his St. Tropez drag nightclub, "La Cage aux Folles". The chorus line known as Les Cagelles appear and introduce themselves to the audience ("We Are What We Are"). Georges and his "wife", Albin, have lived happily together for many years in an apartment above La Cage with their "maid" Jacob. Albin is a drag queen and the star performer of La Cage aux Folles under the alias of "Zaza". As Albin prepares to perform ("[A Little More] Mascara"), Georges's 24-year-old son Jean-Michel (the offspring of a confused, youthful liaison with a woman named Sybil) arrives home with the news that he is engaged to Anne Dindon. Georges is reluctant to approve of Jean-Michel's engagement, but Jean-Michel assures his father that he is in love with Anne ("With Anne on My Arm"). Unfortunately, her father is head of the "Tradition, Family and Morality Party", whose stated goal is to close the local drag clubs. Anne's parents want to meet their daughter's future in-laws. Jean-Michel has lied to his fiancée, describing Georges as a retired diplomat. Jean-Michel pleads with Georges to tell Albin to absent himself (and his flamboyant behaviors) for the visit - and for Georges to redecorate the apartment in a more subdued fashion. Jean-Michel also asks Georges to invite Sybil, who has barely seen him since his birth, to dinner in Albin's stead. Albin returns from the show to greet his son when Georges suggests that they take a walk ("With You on My Arm"). Georges takes Albin to the Promenade Café, owned by Monsieur and Madame Renaud, where he attempts to soften Albin's emotions before telling him of Jean-Michel's request ("Song on the Sand"). Before Georges can break the news to him, Albin suggests that they hurry back to La Cage to make it in time for the next show. They arrive in time and Albin takes the stage once more as Zaza ("La Cage aux Folles"). While Albin is performing, Georges and Jean-Michel quickly redecorate the house. While Albin is changing for his next number, he notices the two carrying his gowns and demands to know what is going on. Georges finally tells Albin of Jean-Michel's plan and expects Albin to explode with fury, but he remains silent. Albin then re-joins Les Cagelles onstage, tells them to leave, and begins to sing alone in defiance of Jean-Michel, stating that he is proud of who he is and refuses to change for anyone ("I Am What I Am"). He throws his wig at Georges and departs in a huff. Act II[edit] The next morning, Georges finds Albin at the Promenade Café after his abrupt departure and apologizes ("Song on the Sand [Reprise]"). He then suggests to Albin that he dress up for dinner as macho "Uncle Al". Albin is still upset, but reluctantly agrees to act like a heterosexual for Jean-Michel. With the help of Monsieur and Madame Renaud, Georges successfully teaches Albin to abandon his flamboyancy ("Masculinity"). Back at the chastely redesigned apartment, Georges shows "Uncle Al" to Jean-Michel. Jean-Michel doesn't like the idea and expresses his dislike for Albin's lifestyle. Georges angrily reminds Jean-Michel of how good of a "mother" Albin has been to him ("Look Over There"). They then receive a telegram that Jean-Michel's mother Sybil is not coming and Anne's parents arrive ("Dishes [Cocktail Counterpoint]"). Hoping to save the day, Albin appears as Jean-Michel's buxom, forty-year-old mother, in pearls and sensible shoes. The nervous Jacob burns the dinner, so a trip to a local restaurant, "Chez Jacqueline", belonging to an old friend of Albin and Georges, is quickly arranged. No one has told Jacqueline of the situation, and she asks Albin (as Zaza) for a song, to which he hesitantly agrees ("The Best of Times"). Everyone in the restaurant begins to take part in the song, causing Albin to yield to the frenzy of performance and tear off his wig at the song's climax, revealing his true identity. Back at the apartment, the Dindons plead with their daughter to abandon her fiancé, for they are appalled by his homosexual parents, but she is in love with Jean-Michel and refuses to leave him. Jean-Michel, deeply ashamed of the way he has treated Albin, asks his forgiveness ("Look Over There [Reprise]"), which is lovingly granted. The Dindons prepare to depart, but their way is blocked by Jacqueline, who has arrived with the press, ready to photograph the notorious anti-homosexual activists with Zaza. Georges and Albin have a proposal: If Anne and Jean-Michel may marry, Georges will help the Dindons escape through La Cage downstairs. Georges bids the audience farewell while Les Cagelles prepare the Dindons for the grand finale ("La Cage aux Folles [Reprise]"). Georges then introduces the Dindons, dressed in drag as members of the nightclub's revue, and they escape the paparazzi with Jean-Michel and Anne behind them. With everyone gone, Albin enters and he and Georges briefly sing of their love for each other before sharing a kiss ("Finale [With You On My Arm/La Cage aux Folles/Song on the Sand/The Best Of Times]").


Characters[edit] Albin – the aging star of La Cage aux Folles who performs as the drag queen “Zaza.” Georges – Albin's husband of twenty years and the owner and master of ceremonies of La Cage. Jean-Michel – Georges's twenty-four-year-old son from a brief heterosexual fling in Paris, raised by Albin and Georges as mother and father. Jacob – Albin and Georges's butler, although he prefers to be called the maid, who dreams of performing in their show. He is close to Albin and often at odds with Georges. Jacqueline – Albin and Georges's stylish and imposing friend and the owner of Chez Jaqueline, an elegant restaurant. Anne Dindon – Jean-Michel's fiancée. Edouard Dindon – Anne's ultra-conservative father and the Deputy General of the Tradition, Family, and Morality Party. Marie Dindon – Anne's mother and Edouard’s wife. Francis – the stage manager of La Cage. M. Renaud – Albin and Georges’ friend and the owner of the Promenade Café. St. Tropez Townspeople – Babette, Colette, Etienne, Hercule, Paulette, Mme. Renaud, and Tabarro. Les Cagelles, twelve ensemble drag performers who work at La Cage (six in the 2010 Broadway Revival) – Angelique, Bitelle, Chantal, Clo-Clo, Dermah, Hanna, Lo Singh, Mercedes, Monique, Nicole, Odette, and Phaedra.


Productions[edit] Original Broadway production[edit] La Cage aux Folles opened on Broadway at the Palace Theatre on August 21, 1983. It was directed by Arthur Laurents and choreographed by Scott Salmon, with set design by David Mitchell, costume design by Theoni V. Aldredge, and lighting design by Jules Fisher. The original Broadway cast included Gene Barry as Georges and George Hearn as Albin, with John Weiner as Jean-Michel, Walter Charles as M. Renaud, Jay Garner as Edouard Dindon, Merle Louise as Mme. Dindon, Elizabeth Parrish as Jacqueline, Leslie Stevens as Anne, and William Thomas, Jr. as Jacob.[16] Among the replacement performers who appeared in La Cage aux Folles during its original Broadway run were Walter Charles, Keene Curtis, Van Johnson, Peter Marshall, Keith Michell, Jamie Ross and Lee Roy Reams.[16] The original production received nine Tony Award nominations, winning a total of six including Best Musical, Best Original Score and Best Book of a Musical. The show beat several strong competitors in many categories, including Stephen Sondheim's Sunday in the Park with George. It also won three Drama Desk Awards. The production ran for four years and 1,761 performances, closing on November 15, 1987.[16] After the great success of the production's opening night, Herman felt vindicated. He "had nothing else to prove" to his critics and "vowed never to write another show for Broadway".[17] Original London production[edit] The show had its West End premiere at the London Palladium on May 7, 1986 with the same creative team as the Broadway production. Hearn transferred with the production, which was made possible through an agreement with the American and British actors' unions, allowing him to come over in exchange for Robert Lindsay appearing in Me and My Girl on Broadway.[18] The production also starred Denis Quilley as Georges,[19] Jonathon Morris as Jean-Michel, Richard Owens as M. Renaud, Brian Glover as Edouard Dindon, Julia Sutton as Mme. Dindon, Phyllida Law as Jacqueline, Wendy Roe as Anne and Donald Waugh as Jacob and Scott St Martyn as Chantal The show closed in London after 301 performances. Its short run and financial failure were partly blamed on the AIDS crisis, and producers were uncomfortable about portraying gay lives onstage quite so openly in mainstream musicals for some time afterwards.[20] 2004 Broadway revival[edit] The first Broadway revival opened at the Marquis Theatre, beginning previews on November 11, 2004, with an official opening on December 9, 2004. The production team included Jerry Zaks as director, Jerry Mitchell as choreographer, Scott Pask, Donald Holder and William Ivey Long as designers. The cast included Gary Beach as Albin, Daniel Davis as Georges, Gavin Creel as Jean-Michel, Merwin Foard as M. Renaud, Michael Mulheren as Edouard Dindon, Linda Balgord as Mme. Dindon, Ruth Williamson as Jacqueline, Angela Gaylor as Anne, and Michael Benjamin Washington as Jacob.[21] Robert Goulet replaced Davis as Georges on April 15, 2005 and played the role until the production closed. Reviews for the production were mixed, with The New York Times stating that it "often gives the impression of merely going through the motions, amiably but robotically, of its gag-laden, sentimental plot", yet praised Les Cagelles, who "bring acrobatic oomph and angularity to centerpieces that include an aviary of exotic, back-flipping birds and a vigorous Montmartre-style can-can. As long as the Cagelles are doing their thing, your attention stays thoroughly engaged".[22] The revival won numerous Tony and Drama Desk awards. The production closed on June 26, 2005. Ticket sales for the show had not increased after winning the Tony Award, and the show had been consistently selling at less than 60% capacity in the months before closing.[23][24] 2008 London revival[edit] A scaled-down London revival, starring Philip Quast and Douglas Hodge opened at the Menier Chocolate Factory on January 8, 2008, and played there until March 8, 2008.[25] The cast also included Neil McDermott, Iain Mitchell and Una Stubbs, with direction by Terry Johnson and choreography by Lynne Page. The production had originally been scheduled to open in December 2007, but it was delayed twice due to illness within the cast. By the time the production officially opened, all remaining performances had sold out. The show opened to mostly positive press with particular praise for Hodge's performance as Albin.[26] The Menier Chocolate Factory production transferred to the West End on October 20, 2008 at the Playhouse Theatre co-produced with Sonia Friedman Productions, Robert G. Bartner, David Ian Productions, The Ambassador Theatre Group, Matthew Mitchell and Jamie Hendry Productions. It was initially advertised as a "Strictly Limited 12 Week Season",[27] although this became open-ended due to its success.[28] Hodge reprised his role as Albin, joined by Denis Lawson as Georges.[29] The cast also included Iain Mitchell as M Renaud/Edouard Dindon, Paula Wilcox as Mme. Ranaud/Mme. Dindon and Tracie Bennett as Jacqueline. The production gathered rave reviews, with high praise again for Hodge and Les Cagelles. Whatsonstage.com commented: "A great Broadway show has been reborn as a classic musical comedy with real punch and pizzazz." Michael Billington of The Guardian reported that the show had improved with its transfer to the West End from the Menier Chocolate Factory.[30] The 2008 West End cast appeared as a guest act for the Royal Variety Performance 2008, staged at the London Palladium on December 11, 2008, in the presence of senior members of the Royal family[31] The production won the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Musical Revival, and Hodge won for Best Actor, out of a total of seven nominations. The roles of Albin and Georges have been re-cast in London every three months with well-known actors to keep the production fresh and public interest high. Television personality Graham Norton took over the role of Albin on January 19, 2009, alongside Steven Pacey as Georges.[32] They were succeeded on May 4, 2009, by theatre veterans Roger Allam as Albin and Philip Quast reprising his role of Georges from the Menier Chocolate Factory.[33] From September 12, 2009, until November 28, 2009, John Barrowman and Simon Burke played the roles of Albin and Georges respectively.[34] Douglas Hodge as Albin and Denis Lawson as Georges returned to the production from 30 November 2009, until the production closed on January 2, 2010.[35] 2010 Broadway revival[edit] A transfer of the 2008 London revival to Broadway began previews at the Longacre Theatre on April 6, 2010, and officially opened on April 18, 2010. Johnson and Page directed and choreographed. Douglas Hodge reprised the role of Albin. Kelsey Grammer starred as Georges in his debut in a Broadway musical (he had previously performed Shakespeare on Broadway). The set design was by Tim Shortall, costumes by Matthew Wright, lighting by Nick Richings, and scaled down eight-player orchestrations by Jason Carr.[36] The production received positive reviews, many praising the scaled-down nature of the production and the performances of newcomers Douglas Hodge and Kelsey Grammer as Albin and Georges.[37] The cast also featured A.J Shively in his Broadway debut as Jean-Michel, Robin de Jesus as Jacob, Fred Applegate as M. Renaud/M. Dindon, Veanne Cox as Mme. Renaud/Mme. Dindon, Christine Andreas as Jacqueline and Elena Shaddow as Anne. The Cagelles included Nick Adams, Logan Keslar, Sean Patrick Doyle, Nicholas Cunningham, Terry Lavell and Yurel Echezarreta. The production received 11 Tony Award nominations and won Best Musical Revival, Best Actor in a Musical (Douglas Hodge) and Best Direction of a Musical. A cast recording of the revival was made by PS Classics and was released on September 28, 2010. The production closed on May 1, 2011, after 433 performances and 15 previews. Notable replacements Allyce Beasley replaced Veanne Cox as Mme. Renaud/Mme. Dindon on September 14, 2010. Jeffrey Tambor replaced Kelsey Grammer as Georges on February 15, 2011, but withdrew from the production following the February 24, 2011, performance. Chris Hoch, who normally played Francis, and also served as an understudy for the leads assumed the role of Georges until a permanent replacement was found.[38] Harvey Fierstein replaced Douglas Hodge as Albin/Zaza on February 15, 2011. Wilson Jermaine Heredia replaced Robin de Jesus as Jacob on February 15, 2011. Michael McShane replaced Fred Applegate as M. Renaud/M. Dindon on February 15, 2011. Christopher Sieber replaced Jeffrey Tambor as Georges on March 11, 2011. Veanne Cox returned to the role of Mme. Renaud/Mme. Dindon on April 5, 2011. Heather Lindell replaced Elena Shaddow in the role of Anne on April 5, 2011. National Tour (2011–2012)[edit] A national tour modeled after the 2010 Broadway Revival began in September 2011 starting in Des Moines, Iowa. At first, Mr. Fierstein was asked to play the role of Georges and Mr. Sieber was asked to play the role of Albin, each taking the role each other had played on Broadway. Due to a full schedule, as having to write the book of the Disney musical Newsies and the musical Kinky Boots, Mr. Fierstein had to decline this offer. This tour starred George Hamilton in the role of Georges and Christopher Sieber as Albin. Sieber, who was very critically praised for his portrayal of Albin, had previously played the role of 'Georges' on Broadway opposite Harvey Fierstein. This was Sieber's national tour debut.[39][40] 2017 UK Tour[edit] A UK tour produced by Bill Kenwright is scheduled to begin on 5 January 2017 at the New Theatre, Oxford. The cast will include John Partridge as Albin, Adrian Zmed as Georges and Marti Webb as Jacqueline.[41] Martin Connor will direct the production, with choreography by Bill Deamer, design by Gary McCann and musical direction by Mark Crossland.[42] This production will be the first to tour the UK. International productions[edit] 1985 Australian production The 1985 Australian production starred Keith Michell (as Georges) and Jon Ewing (as Albin).[43] 1985 German production The German production opened at the Theater des Westens in Berlin on October 23, 1985 starring Helmut Baumann as Albin/Zaza, Günther König as Georges and Steve Barton as Jean-Michel. It played for 301 performances. In 1986, Steve Barton, who opened the show as Jean-Michel, took over the role of Albin/Zaza. 1991 Colombian production The Colombian production debout was on June 1991 at the Teatro Nacional La Castellana, Bogotá. Salsa singer César Mora (Albin/Zazá) and the great Spanish-Colombian actor and Show-Man Fernando González Pacheco as George (actually called Renato, in this Spanish version by César Scola and María Cecilia Botero.) There is a recording of this stage production. Soap Operas famous villain Catherine Siachoque was a Cagelle on this Colombian production. 1993 Mexican production The Mexico City production ran for two and a half years at the Teatro Silvia Pinal and starred Javier Díaz Dueñas as Albin/Zaza and Gustavo Rojo as Georges. 1999 Estonian production The Estonian production was staged in Tallinn City Concert Hall (Tallinna Linnahall) by Smithbridge Productions and starred Tõnu Oja as Albin and Tõnu Kilgas as Georges. This was the first production in the former Soviet Union area. 2001 Spanish production The Spanish production premiered at the Teatro Nuevo Apolo in Madrid and starred Andrés Pajares as Albin, Joaquín Kremel as Georges and Jacobo Dicenta as Jean-Michel. 2009 Portuguese production The show opened in Portugal at the Rivoli Theatre in Porto on April 2009 with Carlos Quintas as Georges (Armando del Carlos) and José Raposo as Albin (Carlos Alberto/Zazá)[44] 2010 Dutch production A Dutch production premiered in November 2010 and ran through to June 2011 in the DeLaMar theater, Amsterdam.[45] 2012 Korean production The Korean production ran in Seoul in 2012 for two months.[46] Korean production won 4 awards in Korean Musical Awards. 2013 Danish production A new Danish production opened in the spring 2013 at the Aarhus Theatre starring Niels Ellegaard (Georges) and Anders Baggesen (Albin). 2013 Panama production The show opened in Panama City on June 2013 at the Teatro en Círculo. It stars Edwin Cedeño (Albin/Zaza) and Aaron Zebede (Georges).[47] 2013 Puerto Rican production The Puerto Rican production premiered on August 16, 2013 at the Luis A. Ferré Performing Arts Center in San Juan, starring Rafael José as Albin and Braulio Castillo, Jr. as Georges, with Ulises Santiago de Orduna as Jean-Michel. Junior Álvarez as M. Renaud/Edouard Dindon, Sara Jarque as Mme. Renaud/Marie Dindon, Deddie Romero as Jacqueline, Andrea Méndez as Anne, and Bryan Villarini as Jacob[48][49] 2013 Swedish production The Swedish production premiered on September 7, 2013 at The Göteborg Opera in Gothenburg, starring Mikael Samuelson as Albin/Zaza and Hans Josefsson as Georges.[50] Other foreign language productions have played in Copenhagen, Oslo (twice), Bergen, Vienna, Italy, Turku, Helsinki (twice), Jyväskylä, Seinäjoki, Buenos Aires, Lima, Stockholm, Bogotá, Tallinn, Moscow, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo.[citation needed]. 2014 Hungarian production The Hungarian production ("Az Őrült Nők Ketrece" in Hungarian language) premiered on July 12, 2014 at Átrium theatre in Budapest, produced by Kultúrbrigád, is still running. This production directed by Robert Alfoldi, choreographed by Krisztián Gergye, starring András Stohl as Albin/Zaza, Gábor Hevér as Georges, Balázs Fehér as Jean-Michel, with László Józan and Tibor Fehér as Jacob. [51] 2014 Korean Revival The Korean Revival ran in LG Arts Center, Seoul in 2014 for three months 2014 Australian Revival The Production Company produced the first major Australian revival of the musical, under the direction of Dean Bryant[52]. The show was staged at the Playhouse Theatre in Melbourne, where it ran from November 21 to December 7[53]. The cast featured Simon Burke as Georges, Todd McKenney as Albin, Robert Tripolino as Jean-Michel, Emily Milledge as Anne, Gary Sweet as Edouard Dindon, Marg Downey as Marie Dindon, Rhonda Burchmore as Jacqueline, and Aljin Abella as Jacob[54][55]. 2015 Philippine production The Philippines production premiered February 28, 2015 at the Carlos P Romulo Auditorium in RCBC Plaza, starring Audie Gemora as Albin and Michael De Mesa as Georges, with Steven Silva as Jean-Michel, produced by 9 Works Theatrical, with direction by Robbie Guevara and scenography by Mio Infante. 2015 Mexican Revival The Mexican Revival premiered November 23, 2015 at the Teatro Hidalgo, starring Roberto Blandón as George, Mario Iván Martínez as Albin (later replaced by Jose Antonio Lopez Tercero), Rogelio Suarez as Silviah (who also covered Zazá for some shows), and Israel Estrada as Jean-Michel, directed by Matias Gorlero and produced by Juan Torres. [56] 2015 Swedish production The Swedish production premiered November 14, 2015 at the Uppsala stadsteater, and is still running (last show March 3, 2016). [57]


Musical numbers[edit] Note: Original Broadway production[58] Act I Prelude – Orchestra "We Are What We Are" – Georges and Les Cagelles "(A Little More) Mascara" – Albin and Les Cagelles "With Anne on My Arm" – Jean-Michel and Georges "With You on My Arm" – Georges and Albin "Song on the Sand" – Georges "La Cage aux Folles" – Albin, Jacqueline and Les Cagelles "I Am What I Am" – Albin Act II "Song on the Sand" (Reprise) – Georges and Albin "Masculinity" – Georges, Albin, Monsieur Renaud, Madame Renaud and Tabarro "Look Over There" – Georges "Cocktail Counterpoint" – Georges, Edouard Dindon, Mme. Dindon and Jacob "The Best of Times" – Albin, Jacqueline and Company "Look Over There" (Reprise) – Jean-Michel "La Cage aux Folles" (Reprise) – Georges Finale – Company


Recordings[edit] There are currently three cast recordings available for the show: the Original Broadway cast, the Original Australian cast and the 2010 Broadway revival cast. No recording was made for the 2004 revival. Albin's Act I finale number, "I Am What I Am", was recorded by Gloria Gaynor and proved to be one of her biggest hits. It was also recorded by other artists, including Shirley Bassey, Tony Bennett, Pia Zadora,[8] and John Barrowman. It also became a rallying cry of the Gay Pride movement.


Awards and nominations[edit] Original Broadway production[edit] Year Award Category Nominee Result 1984 Tony Award Best Musical Won Best Book of a Musical Harvey Fierstein Won Best Original Score Jerry Herman Won Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical George Hearn Won Gene Barry Nominated Best Direction of a Musical Arthur Laurents Won Best Choreography Scott Salmon Nominated Best Costume Design Theoni V. Aldredge Won Best Lighting Design Jules Fisher Nominated Drama Desk Award Outstanding Book of a Musical Harvey Fierstein Nominated Outstanding Actor in a Musical George Hearn Won Gene Barry Nominated Outstanding Music Jerry Herman Won Outstanding Lyrics Nominated Outstanding Orchestrations Jim Tyler Nominated Outstanding Costume Design Theoni V. Aldredge Won Outstanding Lighting Design Jules Fisher Nominated 2004 Broadway revival[edit] Year Award Category Nominee Result 2005 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Won Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Gary Beach Nominated Best Choreography Jerry Mitchell Won Best Costume Design William Ivey Long Nominated Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won Outstanding Choreography Jerry Mitchell Won Outstanding Costume Design William Ivey Long Nominated 2008 London revival[edit] Year Award Category Nominee Result 2009 Laurence Olivier Award Best Musical Revival Won Best Actor in a Musical Douglas Hodge Won Denis Lawson Nominated Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical Jason Pennycooke Nominated Best Director of a Musical Terry Johnson Nominated Best Theatre Choreographer Lynne Page Nominated Best Costume Design Matthew Wright Nominated 2010 Broadway revival[edit] Year Award Category Nominee Result 2010 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Won Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Kelsey Grammer Nominated Douglas Hodge Won Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Robin de Jesus Nominated Best Direction of a Musical Terry Johnson Won Best Choreography Lynne Page Nominated Best Orchestrations Jason Carr Nominated Best Scenic Design Tim Shortall Nominated Best Costume Design Matthew Wright Nominated Best Lighting Design Nick Richings Nominated Best Sound Design Jonathan Deans Nominated Drama Desk Award[59] Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won Outstanding Actor in a Musical Douglas Hodge Won Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Robin de Jesus Nominated Outstanding Director of a Musical Terry Johnson Nominated Outstanding Choreography Lynne Page Nominated Outstanding Costume Design Matthew Wright Won Outstanding Sound Design Jonathan Deans Nominated


See also[edit] The Birdcage La Cage aux Folles (film)


Notes[edit] ^ a b Brantley, Ben (March 28, 2011). "Her Sequins, Plumes and Foghorn Voice". The New York Times.  ^ Laurents, p. 115 ^ Laurents, p. 119 ^ Laurents, p. 118 ^ a b c Bloom and Vlastnik, p. 176 ^ a b Laurents, pp. 119-20 ^ Herman, p. 227 ^ a b c Bloom and Vlastnik, p. 177 ^ Laurents, p. 122 ^ Herman, p. 233 ^ Laurents, p. 128 ^ Herman, pp. 239-40 ^ Laurents, p. 121 ^ Laurents, pp. 126-27 ^ "1980s Stage II: Triumphs & Embarrassments". www.musicals101.com. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ a b c League, The Broadway. "La Cage aux Folles | IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information". www.ibdb.com. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ Bloom and Herman, p. 224 ^ Gerard, Jeremy (June 25, 1987). "2 Actors' Unions Wage Trans-Atlantic Battle". The New York Times.  ^ Billington, Michael, "A gay night at home with the boys", The Guardian, 9 May 1986, p. 12 ^ "I Love The Nightlife", The Stage, June 6, 2007 ^ "La Cage aux Folles | IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information". www.ibdb.com. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ Brantley, Ben (December 10, 2004). "Family Guys Who Are What They Are". The New York Times.  ^ Jones, Kenneth (June 7, 2005). "La Cage Will Close June 26, Despite Tony Awards". Playbill. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "LA CAGE AUX FOLLES 2004-2005 Broadway Grosses - 2005 (BroadwayWorld.com)". www.broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ Fisher, Philip. "Theatre review: La Cage aux Folles at Menier Chocolate Factory". www.britishtheatreguide.info. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "Review Round-up: Is La Cage Another Menier Hit?". WhatsOnStage.com. January 11, 2008. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ Promotional Leaflet ^ "La Cage aux Folles extends London run" Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine., westendlondon.com ^ Shenton, Mark. "Menier La Cage Begins Performances at West End's Playhouse Theatre Oct. 20". Playbill. Archived from the original on 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "Review Round-up: Did Hodge Sparkle in La Cage?". WhatsOnStage.com. November 3, 2008. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ Royal Variety Press Release 2008[permanent dead link] eabf.org.uk ^ "Graham Norton Joins La Cage", keithprowse.com ^ "Allam and Quast to Lead La Cage"[permanent dead link] nationaltheatre.org.uk ^ "Burke to Join Barrowman in London La Cage aux Folles" Archived 2009-07-27 at the Wayback Machine., playbill.com ^ Shenton, Mark (November 11, 2009). "West End's La Cage Aux Folles to Shutter Jan. 2, Prior to Broadway Opening". Playbill. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013.  ^ Gans, Andrew (April 18, 2010). "Open Up Your Closet: La Cage aux Folles Revival Opens on Broadway April 18". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ Brantley, Ben (April 19, 2010). "Squint, and the World Is Beautiful". The New York Times.  ^ "Jeffrey Tambor Withdraws from LA CAGE AUX FOLLES; Understudy Steps in - For Now". BroadwayWorld.com. BWW News Desk. February 25, 2011. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ Gans, Andrew (April 6, 2011). "Broadway's La Cage aux Folles Will Close May 1". Playbill. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "George Hamilton to Star in National Tour of LA CAGE AUX FOLLES". BroadwayWorld.com. BWW News Desk. April 25, 2011. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "Marti Webb joins cast of La Cage aux Folles". WhatsOnStage.com. Retrieved 2016-12-01.  ^ "La Cage aux Folles | Cast and Creatives". whatsonstage. Retrieved 2016-12-01.  ^ "La Cage aux Folles Australian Cast (1985)". BroadwayWorld.com - La Cage aux Folles [Australian Cast (1985)] [overview]. BroadwayWorld.com. Archived from the original on October 8, 2012.  ^ "Jerry Herman News". JerryHerman_News. July 21, 2012. Archived from the original on July 21, 2012.  ^ "Musical La Cage aux Folles - 2010" (in Dutch). Stage entertainment Nederland. Archived from the original on February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2016.  ^ [1] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2013-03-31.  ^ "Por primera vez, versión musical de La Jaula de las Locas en Puerto Rico". www.noticel.com. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "El Vocero de Puerto Rico | La verdad no tiene precio". www.vocero.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "La Cage aux Folles | The Göteborg Opera". en.opera.se. Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ Átrium. "Az Őrült Nők Ketrece | Átrium". atrium.hu. Retrieved 2017-11-12.  ^ http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/musicals/musical-review-la-cage-aux-folles-uncages-wonderful-wit-of-simon-burke-and-todd-mckenney-20141124-11slll.html ^ http://artsreview.com.au/la-cage-aux-folles/ ^ https://www.broadwayworld.com/australia-melbourne/article/BWW-Reviews-LA-CAGE-AUX-FOLLES-A-Disappointing-End-to-2014-for-The-Production-Company-20141124 ^ http://artsreview.com.au/la-cage-aux-folles/ ^ "La noche de estreno de La jaula de las locas - Cartelera de Teatro DF". Cartelera de Teatro DF (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "La Cage Aux Folles". Uppsala Stadsteater (in Swedish). Retrieved 2016-02-20.  ^ "La Cage aux Folles (see Songs" Internet Broadway Database, accessed July 1, 2011 ^ Gans, Andrew."Red, Memphis, Bridge, Fences and La Cage WinJonathan Deans Drama Desk Awards" Archived 2014-03-02 at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, May 23, 2010


References[edit] Bloom, Ken and Vlastnik, Frank. Broadway Musicals: The 101 Greatest Shows of All Time, Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers (2004; revised paperback ed. 2008). ISBN 978-1-57912-313-0 Bloom, Ken and Jerry Herman. Jerry Herman: the lyrics: a celebration, Routledge (2003). ISBN 0-415-96768-6 Herman, Jerry and Marilyn Stasio. Showtune: A Memoir by Jerry Herman, New York: Donald I. Fine Books (1996). ISBN 1-55611-502-4 Laurents, Arthur. Mainly on Directing: Gypsy, West Side Story, and Other Musicals, New York: Knopf (2009). ISBN 0-307-27088-2


External links[edit] Wikiquote has quotations related to: La Cage aux Folles (musical) Official website La Cage aux Folles (musical) at the Internet Broadway Database Rich, Frank (August 22, 1983). "Stage: The Musical 'Cage Aux Folles'". The New York Times.  Broadway World review of the 2004 revival Profile of the show Photos from the original Broadway production Profile of the musical with many links to the songs, albums and other information Review of the musical at the Playhouse Theatre in London | November 3, 2008 Production, cast, and plot information from guidetomusicaltheatre.com Background and other information about the musical Playbill feature Analysis of La Cage and its Broadway season v t e La Cage aux Folles Theatrical productions 1973 French play 1983 musical Original film series La Cage aux Folles (1978) La Cage aux Folles II (1980) La Cage aux Folles 3: The Wedding (1985) Film remakes The Birdcage (1996) v t e Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival of a Musical 1990s She Loves Me (1994) The King and I (1996) Chicago (1997) Cabaret (1998) You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown (1999) 2000s Kiss Me, Kate (2000) 42nd Street (2001) Into the Woods (2002) Nine (2003) Assassins (2004) La Cage aux Folles (2005) Sweeney Todd (2006) Company (2007) South Pacific (2008) Hair (2009) 2010s La Cage aux Folles (2010) Anything Goes (2011) Follies (2012) Pippin (2013) Hedwig and the Angry Inch (2014) The King and I (2015) She Loves Me (2016) Hello, Dolly! (2017) v t e Tony Award for Best Musical (1976–2000) A Chorus Line (1976) Annie (1977) Ain't Misbehavin' (1978) Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1979) Evita (1980) 42nd Street (1981) Nine (1982) Cats (1983) La Cage aux Folles (1984) Big River (1985) Drood (1986) Les Misérables (1987) The Phantom of the Opera (1988) Jerome Robbins' Broadway (1989) City of Angels (1990) The Will Rogers Follies (1991) Crazy for You (1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman (1993) Passion (1994) Sunset Boulevard (1995) Rent (1996) Titanic (1997) The Lion King (1998) Fosse (1999) Contact (2000) Complete list (1949–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) v t e Tony Award for Best Original Score (1976–2000) A Chorus Line by Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Kleban (1976) Annie by Charles Strouse and Martin Charnin (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd by Stephen Sondheim (1979) Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice (1980) Woman of the Year by John Kander and Fred Ebb (1981) Nine by Maury Yeston (1982) Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber and T. S. Eliot (1983) La Cage aux Folles by Jerry Herman (1984) Big River by Roger Miller (1985) Drood by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer, and Alain Boublil (1987) Into the Woods by Stephen Sondheim (1988) City of Angels by Cy Coleman and David Zippel (1990) The Will Rogers Follies by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1991) Falsettos by William Finn (1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by John Kander and Fred Ebb / The Who's Tommy by Pete Townshend (1993) Passion by Stephen Sondheim (1994) Sunset Boulevard by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black, and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Maury Yeston (1997) Ragtime by Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens (1998) Parade by Jason Robert Brown (1999) Aida by Elton John and Tim Rice (2000) Complete list (1947–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) v t e Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical (1976–2000) A Chorus Line by James Kirkwood Jr. and Nicholas Dante (1976) Annie by Thomas Meehan (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Betty Comden and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd by Hugh Wheeler (1979) Evita by Tim Rice (1980) Woman of the Year by Peter Stone (1981) Dreamgirls by Tom Eyen (1982) Cats by T. S. Eliot (1983) La Cage aux Folles by Harvey Fierstein (1984) Big River by William Hauptman (1985) Drood by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg (1987) Into the Woods by James Lapine (1988) no award (1989) City of Angels by Larry Gelbart (1990) The Secret Garden by Marsha Norman (1991) Falsettos by William Finn and James Lapine (1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by Terrence McNally (1993) Passion by James Lapine (1994) Sunset Boulevard by Don Black and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Peter Stone (1997) Ragtime by Terrence McNally (1998) Parade by Alfred Uhry (1999) James Joyce's The Dead by Richard Nelson (2000) Complete list (1950–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025) v t e Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical 1990s Carousel (1994) Show Boat (1995) The King and I (1996) Chicago (1997) Cabaret (1998) Annie Get Your Gun (1999) 2000s Kiss Me, Kate (2000) 42nd Street (2001) Into the Woods (2002) Nine (2003) Assassins (2004) La Cage aux Folles (2005) The Pajama Game (2006) Company (2007) South Pacific (2008) Hair (2009) 2010s La Cage aux Folles (2010) Anything Goes (2011) Porgy and Bess (2012) Pippin (2013) Hedwig and the Angry Inch (2014) The King and I (2015) The Color Purple (2016) Hello, Dolly! (2017) v t e Laurence Olivier Award for Best Musical Revival Show Boat (1991) The Boys from Syracuse (1992) Carousel (1993) Sweeney Todd (1994) She Loves Me (1995) The Who's Tommy (1997) Chicago (1998) Oklahoma! (1999) Candide (2000) Singin' in the Rain (2001) My Fair Lady (2002) Anything Goes (2003) Pacific Overtures (2004) Grand Hotel (2005) Guys and Dolls (2006) Sunday in the Park with George (2007) The Magic Flute (2008) La Cage aux Folles (2009) Hello, Dolly! (2010) Into the Woods (2011) Crazy for You (2012) Sweeney Todd (2013) Merrily We Roll Along (2014) City of Angels (2015) Gypsy (2016) Jesus Christ Superstar (2017) v t e Musicals by Jerry Herman Parade From A to Z Milk and Honey Madame Aphrodite Hello, Dolly! Mame Dear World Mack and Mabel The Grand Tour La Cage aux Folles Mrs. Santa Claus Showtune Jerry's Girls An Evening with Jerry Herman Miss Spectacular v t e Works by Arthur Laurents Writer Musicals West Side Story (1957) Gypsy (1959) Anyone Can Whistle (1964) Do I Hear a Waltz? (1965) Hallelujah, Baby! (1967) The Madwoman of Central Park West (1979) Nick & Nora (1991) Plays Home of the Brave (1945) The Time of the Cuckoo (1952) Films Rope (1948) Caught (1949) Anastasia (1956) Bonjour Tristesse (1958) The Way We Were (1973) The Turning Point (1977) Director I Can Get It for You Wholesale (1962) Anyone Can Whistle (1964) Gypsy (1974) The Madwoman of Central Park West (1979) La Cage aux Folles (1983) Birds of Paradise (1987) Gypsy (1989) Nick & Nora (1991) Gypsy (2008) West Side Story (2009) Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=La_Cage_aux_Folles_(musical)&oldid=824273109" Categories: 1983 musicalsBroadway musicalsCritics' Circle Theatre Award-winning musicalsDrama Desk Award-winning musicalsLGBT-related musicalsMusicals based on filmsMusicals based on playsPlays set in FranceTony Award for Best MusicalWest End musicalsHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from December 2017Articles with permanently dead external linksCS1 Dutch-language sources (nl)CS1 Spanish-language sources (es)CS1 Swedish-language sources (sv)All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from May 2010


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Jerry HermanLa Cage Aux Folles (play)Jean PoiretBostonBroadway TheatreTheater Des WestensBerlinGermanyWest End TheatreMadridRevival (play)BarcelonaTony Award For Best MusicalTony Award For Best Book Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Original ScoreDrama Desk Award For Outstanding MusicTony Award For Best Revival Of A MusicalDrama Desk Award For Outstanding RevivalLaurence Olivier Award For Best Musical RevivalHelp:IPA/FrenchMusical TheatreHarvey FiersteinJerry HermanLa Cage Aux Folles (play)Jean PoiretGaySaint-TropezDrag QueenEngagementBroadway TheatreTony AwardTony Award For Best MusicalTony Award For Best Original ScoreTony Award For Best Book Of A MusicalWest End TheatreTony Award For Best RevivalLaurence Olivier Award For Best Musical RevivalTony Award For Best Revival Of A MusicalTony Award For Best Revival Of A MusicalGeorge Hamilton (actor)Christopher SieberTony Award For Best Actor In A MusicalAllan CarrGrease (film)La Cage Aux Folles (film)Jay Presson AllenMaury YestonNew OrleansMike NicholsTommy TuneFritz HoltGypsy: A Musical FableArthur LaurentsAIDSHomophobiaHarvey FiersteinJerry HermanI Am What I Am (Broadway Musical Song)Gay RightsTheoni V. 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