History[edit] See also: LGBT history in Texas Throughout the mid-20th century, Austin had several gay bars, long before its LGBT movement began. These included Apartment, Cabaret, Insomnia Club, Manhattan Club, Pearl Street Warehouse, and Red River Lounge.[2] The LGBT movement in Austin began in 1970, shortly after the Stonewall riots that sparked LGBT movements across the U.S. This first public meeting was only attended by 25 individuals at University Y.[2] In 1970, Austin also became home to a chapter of the Gay Liberation Front, and local newspapers such as The Rag began supporting the movement. By 1974, the Austin Lesbian Organization and the Gay People of Austin had been established. An event organized by the Gay People of Austin was held in 1974 at Shoal Creek Park and the Student Union Ballroom, which about 300 people attended.[2] These early organizations were subjected to homophobic backlash; In 1975, an Austin Lesbian Organization party was raided by the University of Texas Silver Spurs, and pride floats built for Round Up Weekend were vandalized into the 1980s.[2] In 1976, Mayor Jeff Friedman established a Gay Pride Week to take place annually in June, which included a pride and march to the Texas State Capitol. In response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the pride marches to the capitol building expanded in attendance to about 25,000 people.[2] By 1980, three more LGBT activism groups — Austin Lambda, Austin Lesbian/Gay Political Caucus, and Gay Community Services — had been established, and six more nightclubs — Austin Country, Friends and Lovers, Hollywood, New Apartment, and Private Cellar. In 1987, LGBT activist and Austin native Glen Maxey, was elected as execute director of the Lesbian/Gay Rights Lobby of Texas, and was elected to the Texas House of Representatives in 1991. The first Gay and Lesbian Pride Fiesta began in 1990.[2]


Recreation[edit] Most of Austin's gay bars and nightclubs are clustered around 4th Street, or the Warehouse District.[1] There are few establishments, but most are well-attended, and all are small in size. Many LGBT revelers choose to attend other bars in the city, which are usually not oriented towards the LGBT community.[3] These bars include Oilcan Harry's, Rain on 4th, and 'Bout Time II. Halcyon Coffeehouse, Bar and Lounge is another establishment popular among the LGBT population.[3] Austin also has a gay sunbathing area located at Hippie Hollow Park.[3]


References[edit] ^ a b Matus, Douglas. "Gay-Friendly Texas Cities". USA Today (Travel Tips). USA Today. Retrieved June 29, 2016.  ^ a b c d e f Barnes, Michael (August 27, 2015). "Austin's LGBT Community Began Organizing in 1970 and Launched Official Austin Pride Events in 1990". My Statesman (Special: 25 Years of Pride). My Statesman. Retrieved June 29, 2016.  ^ a b c Collins, Andrew. "Austin Gay Bars Guide - Best Austin Texas Gay Nightlife". About Travel. About. Retrieved June 29, 2016.  v t e LGBT culture in the United States Austin Boston Chicago Dallas-Fort Worth Detroit Eugene Houston Los Angeles New York City Philadelphia Portland San Francisco Seattle v t e LGBT in Texas Culture by city Austin Dallas–Fort Worth Houston San Antonio Events Black Tie Dinner Bunnies on the Bayou Dallas Black Pride Dallas Pride Houston Gay and Lesbian Film Festival Houston Gay Pride Parade Houston Splash QCinema QueerBomb Dallas Tarrant County Pride Places Venues Blur Bar Brazos River Bottom Briar Patch Chances Bar Eagle Houston EJ's Bar & Grill F Bar Guava Lamp Just Marion & Lynn's Mary's Meteor Michael's Outpost Montrose Mining Company Neon Boots Dancehall & Saloon The Pink Elephant Rich's Houston Ripcord South Beach Sue Ellen's Bishop Arts District, Dallas Hyde Park Montrose, Houston Oak Lawn, Dallas Pink Dolphin Monument Westbury, Houston Media The A-List: Dallas Bayou City Women's Chorus Dallas Voice Gay Men's Chorus of Houston Houston Voice The Nuntius & Our Community OutSmart Regal Crest Enterprises Turtle Creek Chorale History 1977 Houston Anita Bryant protests Lutheran High School North controversy Marriage of Billie Ert and Antonio Molina Murder of Paul Broussard Rainbow Lounge raid Walt Whitman Community School Organizations Atticus Circle Cathedral of Hope Dallas Metropolitan Community Church Equality Texas GLBT Aggies Gulf Coast Archive and Museum Houston GLBT Community Center Houston GLBT Political Caucus Lesbian Health Initiative of Houston Montrose Center Oak Lawn Library Phil Johnson Historic Archives and Research Library Queer Liberaction Transgender Archive Transgender Education Network of Texas Transgender Foundation of America Rights by topic Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Baker v. Wade (1985) Dallas Principles Defense of Marriage Act De Leon v. Perry (2015) Gay Student Services v. Texas A&M University (1984) Houston, Texas Proposition 1 In re Marriage of J.B. and H.B. (2009) James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Act Lawrence v. Texas (2003) Littleton v. Prange (1999) Texas Proposition 2 (2005) v t e Gay villages in the United States Atlanta (Midtown, Piedmont Avenue) Austin Baltimore Boston (Jamaica Plain, South End) Buffalo Charlotte Chicago (Boystown, Edgewater) Cincinnati Columbus (The Short North, Victorian Village) Dallas Detroit Denver Eugene Fire Island (Fire Island Pines, Cherry Grove) Fort Lauderdale Guerneville, California Houston (Hyde Park, Montrose) Hudson Valley (Albany, Hudson) Jersey Shore (Asbury Park, Ocean Grove) Los Angeles (Broadway Corridor, Sunset Junction, Silver Lake, West Hollywood) Miami (South Beach, Wilton Manors) New Hope, Pennsylvania New York City (Chelsea, Christopher Street, Greenwich Village) Ogunquit, Maine Oklahoma City Palm Springs Philadelphia (Gayborhood, East Passyunk Crossing) Phoenix (Alhambra, Encanto) Portland Provincetown Rehoboth Beach, Delaware Sacramento Saint Petersburg, Florida San Diego San Francisco (Castro District, SoMa) San Jose Saugatuck, Michigan Seattle Shreveport Stonewall Nation Syracuse Trenton Western Massachusetts (Northampton, Springfield) Washington, D.C. (Dupont Circle, Logan Circle, U Street) Culture portal LGBT portal Texas portal This article about lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender topics is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e This Texas-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=LGBT_culture_in_Austin,_Texas&oldid=782406424" Categories: Culture of Austin, TexasDemographics of TexasLGBT culture in TexasLGBT stubsTexas stubsHidden categories: All stub articles


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