Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Early career 3 Career 3.1 1940s 3.2 1950s 3.3 1960s 3.4 1970s–2000s 3.5 2018 Golden Globes appearance 4 Style and philosophy of acting 5 Personal life 5.1 Marriages and children 5.2 Religion 5.3 Philanthropy 5.4 Affiliations 5.5 Health 5.6 Hobbies 6 Filmography 7 Radio appearances 8 Honors and awards 9 Books 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

Early life and education[edit] Douglas was born Issur Danielovitch (Belarusian: Ісур Данілавіч) in Amsterdam, New York, the son of Bryna "Bertha" (née Sanglel; 1884–1958) and Herschel "Harry" Danielovitch (c. 1884–1950; citations regarding his exact year of birth differ).[4][5][6] His parents were Jewish emigrants from Chavusy, Mogilev Region, in the Russian Empire (present-day Belarus),[7] and the family spoke Yiddish at home.[8][9][10] His father's brother, who emigrated earlier, used the surname Demsky, which Douglas's family adopted in the United States.[11]:2 Douglas grew up as Izzy Demsky and legally changed his name to Kirk Douglas before entering the United States Navy during World War II.[12][a] In his 1988 autobiography, The Ragman's Son, Douglas notes the hardships that he, along with six sisters and his parents, endured during their early years in Amsterdam, New York: My father, who had been a horse trader in Russia, got himself a horse and a small wagon, and became a ragman, buying old rags, pieces of metal, and junk for pennies, nickels, and dimes .... Even on Eagle Street, in the poorest section of town, where all the families were struggling, the ragman was on the lowest rung on the ladder. And I was the ragman's son.[4] College graduation, 1939 Growing up, Douglas sold snacks to mill workers to earn enough to buy milk and bread to help his family. Later, he delivered newspapers and during his youth worked at more than forty different jobs before getting a job acting.[13] He found living in a family with six sisters to be stifling: "I was dying to get out. In a sense, it lit a fire under me." In high school, after acting in plays, he then knew he wanted to become a professional actor.[14] Unable to afford the tuition, Douglas talked his way into the dean's office at St. Lawrence University and showed him a list of his high school honors. He received a loan which he paid back by working part-time as a gardener and a janitor. He was a standout on the wrestling team and wrestled one summer in a carnival to make money.[15] Douglas's acting talents were noticed at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City, which gave him a special scholarship. One of his classmates was Betty Joan Perske (later to become better known as Lauren Bacall), who would play an important role in launching his film career.[16] Bacall wrote that she "had a wild crush on Kirk,"[17] and they dated casually. Another classmate, and a friend of Bacall's, was aspiring actress Diana Dill, who would later become Douglas's first wife. During their time together, Bacall learned Douglas had no money, and that he once spent the night in jail since he had no place to sleep. She once gave him her uncle's old coat to keep warm: "I thought he must be frozen in the winter .... He was thrilled and grateful." Sometimes, just to see him, she would drag a friend or her mother to the restaurant where he worked as a busboy and waiter. He told her his dream was to someday bring his family to New York to see him on stage. During that period she fantasized about someday sharing her personal and stage lives with Douglas, but would later be disappointed: "Kirk did not really pursue me. He was friendly and sweet—enjoyed my company—but I was clearly too young for him," the eight-years-younger Bacall later wrote.[17]

Early career[edit] Douglas first wanted to be an actor after he recited the poem The Red Robin of Spring while in kindergarten and received applause.[18] He enlisted in the United States Navy in 1941, shortly after the United States entered World War II, where he served as a communications officer in anti-submarine warfare aboard USS PC-1137.[1] He was medically discharged for war injuries in 1944 sustained from the dropping of an accidental depth charge.[19] He married Diana Dill on November 2, 1943. They had two sons, Michael in 1944 and Joel in 1947, before they divorced in 1951.[20][21] After the war, Douglas returned to New York City and found work in radio, theater and commercials. In his radio work, he acted in a number of network soap operas, and sees those experiences as being especially valuable, as skill in using one's voice is important for aspiring actors, and regrets that the same avenues are no longer open to them. His stage break occurred when he took over the role played by Richard Widmark in Kiss and Tell (1943), which then led to other offers.[16] Douglas had planned to remain a stage actor, until his friend, Lauren Bacall, helped him get his first film role by recommending him to director Hal Wallis, who was looking for a new male talent.[22] Wallis's film, The Strange Love of Martha Ivers (1946), with Barbara Stanwyck, became Douglas's debut screen appearance. He played a young, insecure man, stung with jealousy, whose life was dominated by a ruthless older woman, and he hid his feelings with alcohol. It would be the last time that Douglas portrayed a weakling in a film role.[23][24] Reviewers of the film noted that Douglas already projected qualities of a "natural film actor", with the similarity of this role with later ones explained by biographer Tony Thomas: His style and his personality came across on the screen, something that does not always happen, even with the finest actors. Douglas had, and has, a distinctly individual manner. He radiates a certain inexplicable quality, and it is this, as much as talent, that accounts for his success in films.[25]

Career[edit] 1940s[edit] Douglas's image as a tough guy was established in his eighth film, Champion (1949), after producer Stanley Kramer chose him to play a selfish boxer. In accepting the role, he took a gamble, however, since he had to turn down an offer to star in a big-budget MGM film, The Great Sinner, which would have earned him three times the income.[26] Film historian Ray Didinger says "he saw Champion as a greater risk, but also a greater opportunity ... Douglas took the part and absolutely nailed it." Frederick Romano, another sports film historian, described Douglas's acting as "alarmingly authentic": Douglas shows great concentration in the ring. His intense focus on his opponent draws the viewer into the ring. Perhaps his best characteristic is his patented snarl and grimace. . . he leaves no doubt that he is a man on a mission.[27] With Lauren Bacall in Young Man with a Horn (1950) Douglas received his first Academy Award nomination and the film earned six nominations in all. Variety magazine called it "a stark, realistic study of the boxing rackets."[26] From that film on, he decided that to succeed as a star, he needed to ramp up his intensity, overcome his natural shyness, and choose stronger roles. He later stated, "I don't think I'd be much of an actor without vanity. And I'm not interested in being a 'modest actor'".[28] Early in his Hollywood career, he demonstrated his independent streak and broke his studio contracts to gain total control over his projects, forming his own movie company, Bryna Productions, named after his mother.[14] In 1947 Douglas made Out of the Past (UK: Build My Gallows High). He starred in this film with Robert Mitchum and Jane Greer. Douglas made his Broadway debut in 1949 in Three Sisters, produced by Katharine Cornell.[29] 1950s[edit] Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Douglas was a major box-office star, playing opposite some of the leading actresses of that era. He played a frontier peace officer in his first western Along the Great Divide (1951). He quickly became very comfortable with riding horses and playing gunslingers, and appeared in many westerns. He considers Lonely Are the Brave (1962), in which he plays a cowboy trying to live by his own code, as his personal favorite.[30] The film, written by Dalton Trumbo, was respected by critics, but did not do well at the box office due to poor marketing and distribution.[28][31] In 1950, Douglas played Rick Martin in Young Man with a Horn, based on a novel of the same name by Dorothy Baker inspired by the life of Bix Beiderbecke, the jazz cornetist. Doris Day starred as Jo, a young woman who was infatuated with the struggling jazz musician. This was strikingly opposite of the real-life account in Doris Day's autobiography, which described Douglas as "civil but self-centered" and the film as "utterly joyless".[32] During filming, bit actress Jean Spangler disappeared and her case remains unsolved. On October 9, 1949, Spangler's purse was found near the Fern Dell entrance to Griffith Park in Los Angeles. There was an unfinished note in the purse addressed to a "Kirk," which read: "Can't wait any longer, Going to see Dr. Scott. It will work best this way while mother is away," Douglas was vacationing in Palm Springs when he heard about the disappearance; he called the police and told them he was not the Kirk mentioned in the note. Spangler's girlfriends told police that she was three months pregnant when she disappeared and that she had talked about having an abortion, which was illegal at that time. In 1951, Douglas starred as a newspaper reporter anxiously looking for a big story in Ace in the Hole, director Billy Wilder's first effort as both writer and producer. The subject and story was controversial at the time, and U.S. audiences stayed away. Some reviews saw it as "ruthless and cynical ... a distorted study of corruption, mob psychology and the free press."[33] Possibly it "hit too close to home", says Douglas.[34] Douglas in the 1950s It won a best foreign film award at the Venice Film Festival. The film's stature has increased in recent years, with some surveys placing it in their top 500 films list.[35] Woody Allen considers it one of his favorite films.[36] As the film's star and protagonist, Douglas is credited for the intensity of his acting. Roger Ebert described "Douglas's focus and energy … as almost scary. There is nothing dated about [his] performance. It's as right now as a sharpened knife."[37] Biographer Gene Philips notes that Wilder's story was "galvanized" by Douglas's "astounding performance", and no doubt was a factor when George Stevens, who presented Douglas with the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1991, said of him: "No other leading actor was ever more ready to tap the dark, desperate side of the soul and thus to reveal the complexity of human nature."[38] Also in 1951, Douglas starred in Detective Story, nominated for four Academy Awards, including one for Lee Grant in her debut film. Grant said Douglas was "dazzling, both personally and in the part. ... He was a big, big star. Gorgeous. Intense. Amazing."[39] To prepare for the role, he spent days with the New York police department and sat in on interrogations.[40] Reviewers recognized Douglas's acting qualities, with Bosley Crowther describing Douglas as "forceful and aggressive as the detective."[41] With Eve Miller in The Big Trees (1952) In The Bad and the Beautiful (1952), another of his three Oscar-nominated roles, Douglas plays a hard-nosed film producer who manipulates and uses his actors, writers, and directors. Bacall and Doris Day played two very different types of women in his life.[42] In Young Man with a Horn (1950), he played a driven jazz musician, based on real-life horn player Bix Beiderbecke. Composer-pianist Hoagy Carmichael, playing the sidekick role, added realism to the film and gave Douglas insight into the role, being a friend of the real Beiderbecke.[43] In 1954 Douglas starred in Ulysses from Homer's epic poem Odyssey, with Silvana Mangano as Penelope and Circe, and Anthony Quinn playing Antinous. The film director Mario Camerini co-wrote the screenplay with writer Franco Brusati. In 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954), Douglas showed that in addition to serious, driven characters, he was adept at roles requiring a lighter, comic touch. In this adaptation of the Jules Verne novel, he played a happy-go-lucky sailor who was the opposite in every way to the brooding Captain Nemo (James Mason). The film was one of Walt Disney's most successful live-action movies and a major box-office hit.[44] He managed a similar comic turn in the western Man Without a Star (1955) and in For Love or Money (1963). In one of his earliest television appearances, Douglas was a musical guest (as himself) on The Jack Benny Program (1954).[45] In 1955, Douglas formed his own movie company, Bryna Productions, named after his mother.[14] To do so, he had to break contracts with Hal Wallis and Warner Brothers, but began producing and starring in his own films, including Paths of Glory (1957), The Vikings (1958), Spartacus (1960), Lonely are the Brave (1962) and Seven Days in May (1964). While Paths of Glory did not do well at the box office, it has since become one of the great anti-war films, and one of early films by director Stanley Kubrick. Douglas, a fluent French speaker,[46] plays a sympathetic French officer during World War I who tries to save three soldiers from the firing squad.[47] Biographer Vincent LoBrutto describes Douglas's "seething but controlled portrayal exploding with the passion of his convictions at the injustice leveled at his men."[48] The film was banned in France until 1976. Before production of the film began, however, Douglas and Kubrick had to work out some major issues, one of which was Kubrick's rewriting the screenplay without informing Douglas first. It led to their first major argument: "I called Stanley to my room... I hit the ceiling. I called him every four-letter word I could think of... 'I got the money, based on that [original] script. Not this shit!' I threw the script across the room. 'We're going back to the original script, or we're not making the picture.' Stanley never blinked an eye. We shot the original script. I think the movie is a classic, one of the most important pictures—possibly the most important picture—Stanley Kubrick has ever made."[48] Douglas played military men in numerous films, with varying nuance, including Top Secret Affair (1957), Town Without Pity (1961), The Hook (1963), Seven Days in May (1964), Heroes of Telemark (1965), In Harm's Way (1965), Cast a Giant Shadow (1966), Is Paris Burning (1966), The Final Countdown (1980) and Saturn 3 (1980). His distinctive acting style and delivery made him a favorite with television impersonators such as Frank Gorshin, Rich Little and David Frye.[49][50][51] In Lust for Life as Vincent van Gogh His role as Vincent van Gogh in Lust for Life (1956), directed by Vincente Minnelli and based on Irving Stone's best-seller, was filmed mostly on location in France. Douglas was noted not only for the veracity of van Gogh's appearance but for how he conveyed the painter's internal turmoil. Some reviewers consider it the most famous example of the "tortured artist" who seeks solace from life's pain through his work.[52] Others see it as a portrayal not only of the "painter-as-hero," but a unique presentation of the "action painter," with Douglas expressing the physicality and emotion of painting, as he uses the canvas to capture a moment in time.[53][54] Douglas was nominated for an Academy Award for the role, with his costar Anthony Quinn winning the Best Supporting Actor Oscar as Paul Gauguin, van Gogh's friend. Douglas won a Golden Globe award, although Minnelli said Douglas should have won an Oscar: "He achieved a moving and memorable portrait of the artist—a man of massive creative power, triggered by severe emotional stress, the fear and horror of madness."[44] Douglas himself called his acting role as Van Gogh a painful experience: "Not only did I look like Van Gogh, I was the same age he was when he committed suicide."[4] His wife said he often remained in character in his personal life: "When he was doing Lust for Life, he came home in that red beard of Van Gogh's, wearing those big boots, stomping around the house — it was frightening."[55] In general, however, Douglas's acting style fit well with Minnelli's preference for "melodrama and neurotic-artist roles," writes film historian, James Naremore. He adds that Minnelli had his "richest, most impressive collaborations" with Douglas, and for Minnelli, no other actor portrayed his level of "cool": "A robust, athletic, sometimes explosive player, Douglas loved stagy rhetoric, and he did everything passionately."[56] That level of passion in Douglas's persona was also used effectively by Minnelli in The Bad and the Beautiful, four years earlier, in which Douglas was nominated for Best Actor, with the film winning five Oscars. 1960s[edit] Spartacus (1960) In 1960 Douglas played the lead role in what many consider his career defining role[57] of the Thracian slave rebel Spartacus with an all-star cast in Spartacus (1960). He was the executive producer as well, raising the $12 million production cost, making it one of the most expensive films made up to that time.[58] Douglas initially selected Anthony Mann to direct, but replaced him early on with Stanley Kubrick, with whom he previously collaborated in Paths of Glory.[59] When the film was released, Douglas gave full credit to its screenwriter, Dalton Trumbo, who was on the Hollywood blacklist, and thereby effectively ended it.[11]:81 About that event, he said, "I've made over 85 pictures, but the thing I'm most proud of is breaking the blacklist."[60] However the film's producer Edward Lewis and the family of Dalton Trumbo publicly disputed Douglas's claim.[61] In the film Trumbo (2015), Douglas is portrayed by Dean O'Gorman.[62] In the Broadway play, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1963) Douglas bought the rights to the novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest from its author, Ken Kesey. He turned it into a play in 1963 in which he starred, and it ran on Broadway for five months. Reviews were mixed. Douglas retained the movie rights, but after a decade of being unable to find a producer, gave the rights to his son, Michael. In 1975, the film version was produced by Michael Douglas and Saul Zaentz, and starred Jack Nicholson, as Douglas was then considered too old to play the character as written.[2] It won five Academy Awards, including one for Nicholson.[63] Douglas made seven films over the decades with Burt Lancaster: I Walk Alone (1948), Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957), The Devil's Disciple (1959), The List of Adrian Messenger (1963), Seven Days in May (1964), Victory at Entebbe (1976) and Tough Guys (1986), which fixed the notion of the pair as something of a team in the public imagination. Douglas was always second-billed under Lancaster in these movies but, with the exception of I Walk Alone, in which Douglas played a villain, their roles were more or less the same size. Both actors arrived in Hollywood at the same time, and first appeared together in the fourth film for each, albeit with Douglas in a supporting role. They both became actor-producers who sought out independent Hollywood careers.[55] John Frankenheimer, who directed the political thriller Seven Days in May in 1964, had not worked well with Lancaster in the past, and originally did not want him in this film. However Douglas thought Lancaster would fit the part and "begged me to reconsider," said Frankenheimer, and he then gave Lancaster the most colorful role. "It turns out that Burt Lancaster and I got along magnificently well on the picture," he later said.[64] In The Arrangement (1969), a drama directed by Elia Kazan, based upon his novel of the same title, Douglas starred as a tormented advertising executive, with Faye Dunaway as costar. The film did poorly at the box office, receiving mostly negative reviews, while Dunaway felt many of the reviews were unfair, writing in her biography, "I can't understand it when people knock Kirk's performance, because I think he's terrific in the picture," adding that "he's as bright a person as I've met in the acting profession."[65] She says that his "pragmatic approach to acting" would later be a "philosophy that ended up rubbing off on me."[66] 1970s–2000s[edit] Between 1970 and 2008, Douglas made nearly 40 movies and appeared on various television shows. In 1970, he starred in a western, There Was a Crooked Man..., alongside Henry Fonda. The film was produced and directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz. In 1973, he directed his first film, Scalawag. Also in 1973, Douglas appeared in a made-for-TV musical version of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.[67] He returned to the director's chair for Posse (1975), in which he starred alongside Bruce Dern. In 1978, he costarred with John Cassavetes and Amy Irving in a horror film, The Fury, directed by Brian De Palma. In 1980, he starred in The Final Countdown, playing the commanding officer of the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz, which travels through time to the day before the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. It was produced by his son Peter Douglas. In 1982, he starred in The Man from Snowy River, an Australian film which received critical acclaim and numerous awards. In 1986, he reunited with his longtime costar, Burt Lancaster, in a crime comedy, Tough Guys, which included Charles Durning and Eli Wallach. It marked the final collaboration between Douglas and Lancaster, completing a partnership of more than 40 years.[68] In 1986, he co-hosted (with Angela Lansbury) the New York Philharmonic's tribute to the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty. The symphony was conducted by Zubin Mehta.[69] In 1988, Douglas starred in a television adaptation of Inherit the Wind, opposite Jason Robards and Jean Simmons. The film won two Emmy Awards. In the 1990s, Douglas continued starring in various features. Among them was The Secret in 1992, a television movie about a grandfather and his grandson who both struggle with dyslexia. That same year, he played the uncle of Michael J. Fox in a comedy, Greedy. He appeared as the Devil in the video for the Don Henley song "The Garden of Allah". In 1996, after suffering a severe stroke which impaired his ability to speak, Douglas still wanted to make movies. He underwent years of voice therapy and made Diamonds in 1999, in which he played an old prizefighter who was recovering from a stroke. It costarred his longtime friend from his early years, Lauren Bacall. In 2003, Michael and Joel Douglas produced It Runs in the Family, which along with Kirk starred various family members, including Michael, Michael's son, and his wife from 50 years earlier, Diana Dill, playing his wife. In March 2009, Douglas did an autobiographical one-man show, Before I Forget, at the Center Theatre Group's Kirk Douglas Theatre in Culver City, California. The four performances were filmed and turned into a documentary that was first screened in January 2010.[70] 2018 Golden Globes appearance[edit] Douglas appeared at the 2018 Golden Globes with his daughter-in-law Catherine Zeta-Jones; he received a standing ovation and helped to present the award for "Best Screenplay - Motion Picture".[71] This was a rare appearance for Douglas, who suffered a stroke 20 years prior,[72] and his first at a major awards show since the Oscars in 2011.[citation needed]

Style and philosophy of acting[edit] This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Kirk is one of a kind. He has an overpowering physical presence, which is why on a large movie screen he looms over the audience like a tidal wave in full flood. Globally revered, he is now the last living screen legend of those who vaulted to stardom at the war's end, that special breed of movie idol instantly recognizable anywhere, whose luminous on-screen characters are forever memorable. Jack Valenti, president of the Motion Picture Association of America.[2] Douglas stated that the keys to acting success are determination and application: "You must know how to function and how to maintain yourself, and you must have a love of what you do. But an actor also needs great good luck. I have had that luck."[73] Douglas had great vitality and explained that "it takes a lot out of you to work in this business. Many people fall by the wayside because they don't have the energy to sustain their talent."[74] That attitude toward acting became evident with Champion (1949). From that one role, writes biographer John Parker, he went from stardom and entered the "superleague," where his style was in "marked contrast to Hollywood's other leading men at the time."[22] His sudden rise to prominence is explained and compared to that of Jack Nicholson's: He virtually ignored interventionist directors. He prepared himself privately for each role he played, so that when the cameras were ready to roll he was suitably, and some would say egotistically and even selfishly, inspired to steal every scene in a manner comparable in modern times to Jack Nicholson's modus operandi.[22] As a producer, Douglas had a reputation of being a compulsively hard worker who expected others to exude the same level of energy. As such, he was typically demanding and direct in his dealing with people who worked on his projects, with his intensity spilling over into all elements of his film-making.[25] This was partly due to his high opinion of actors, movies, and moviemaking: "To me it is the most important art form—it is an art, and it includes all the elements of the modern age." He also stressed prioritizing the entertainment goal of films over any messages, "You can make a statement, you can say something, but it must be entertaining."[28] As an actor, he dived into every role, dissecting not only his own lines but all the parts in the script to measure the rightness of the role, and he was willing to fight with a director if he felt justified.[75] Melville Shavelson, who produced and directed Cast a Giant Shadow (1966), said that it didn't take him long to discover what his main problem was going to be in directing Douglas: Kirk Douglas was intelligent. When discussing a script with actors, I have always found it necessary to remember that they never read the other actors' lines, so their concept of the story is somewhat hazy. Kirk had not only read the lines of everyone in the picture, he had also read the stage directions. . . Kirk, I was to discover, always read every word, discussed every word, always argued every scene, until he was convinced of its correctness.... He listened, so it was necessary to fight every minute.[74] Douglas with Zubin Mehta, March 2011 For most of his career, Douglas enjoyed good health and what seemed like an inexhaustible supply of energy. Much of that vitality he attributes to his childhood and pre-acting years: "The drive that got me out of my hometown and through college is part of the makeup that I utilize in my work. It's a constant fight, and it's tough."[74] His demands on others, however, were an expression of the demands he placed on himself, rooted in his youth. "It took me years to concentrate on being a human being—I was too busy scrounging for money and food, and struggling to better myself."[76] Actress Lee Grant, who acted with him and later filmed a documentary about him and his family, notes that even after he achieved worldwide stardom, his father would not acknowledge his success. He said "nothing. Ever."[39] Douglas's wife, Anne, similarly attributes his tough childhood to the energy he devotes to acting: He was reared by his mother and his sisters and as a schoolboy he had to work to help support the family. I think part of Kirk's life has been a monstrous effort to prove himself and gain recognition in the eyes of his father... Not even four years of psychoanalysis could alter the drives that began as a desire to prove himself.[49] Douglas has credited his mother, Bryna, for instilling in him the importance of "gambling on yourself", and he kept her advice in mind when making films.[25] Bryna Productions was named in her honor. Douglas realized that his intense style of acting was something of a shield: "Acting is the most direct way of escaping reality, and in my case it was a means of escaping a drab and dismal background."[77]

Personal life[edit] Marriages and children[edit] Douglas married twice, first to Diana Dill, on November 2, 1943; they divorced in 1951. The couple had two sons, actor Michael Douglas and producer Joel Douglas. Afterwards, in Paris, he met producer Anne Buydens (born Hannelore Marx; April 23, 1919, Hanover, Germany) while acting on location in Lust for Life.[78] She originally fled from Germany to escape Nazism and survived by putting her multilingual skills to work at a film studio, doing translations for subtitles.[79] They married on May 29, 1954. In 2014 they celebrated their 60th wedding anniversary at the Greystone Mansion in Beverly Hills.[80] They had two sons, Peter, a producer, and Eric, an actor. Eric Douglas died on July 6, 2004 from an accidental overdose of alcohol and prescription drugs.[81] Religion[edit] In February 1991, Douglas was injured in a collision between the helicopter he was in and a small plane above Santa Paula Airport. Two other people were also injured; two people in the plane were killed.[82] This near-death experience sparked a search for meaning by Douglas, which led him, after much study, to embrace the Judaism in which he had been raised. He documented this spiritual journey in his book, Climbing the Mountain: My Search for Meaning (2001). In his earlier autobiography, The Ragman's Son (1988), he recalled, "years back, I tried to forget that I was a Jew," but later in his career he began "coming to grips with what it means to be a Jew," which became a theme in his life.[4] In an interview in 2000, he explained this transition:[83] Judaism and I parted ways a long time ago, when I was a poor kid growing up in Amsterdam, N.Y. Back then, I was pretty good in cheder, so the Jews of our community thought they would do a wonderful thing and collect enough money to send me to a yeshiva to become a rabbi. Holy Moses! That scared the hell out of me. I didn't want to be a rabbi. I wanted to be an actor. Believe me, the members of the Sons of Israel were persistent. I had nightmares – wearing long payos and a black hat. I had to work very hard to get out of it. But it took me a long time to learn that you don't have to be a rabbi to be a Jew. Douglas and wife Anne with President Ronald Reagan, December 1987 Douglas notes that the underlying theme of some of his films, including The Juggler (1953), Cast a Giant Shadow (1966), and Remembrance of Love (1982), was about "a Jew who doesn't think of himself as one, and eventually finds his Jewishness."[4] The Juggler was the first Hollywood feature to be filmed in the newly established state of Israel. Douglas recalls that while there, he saw "extreme poverty and food being rationed." But he found it "wonderful, finally, to be in the majority." Its producer, Stanley Kramer, tried to portray "Israel as the Jews' heroic response to Hitler's destruction."[84] Although his children had non-Jewish mothers, Douglas states that they were "aware culturally" of his "deep convictions," and he never tried to influence their own religious decisions.[4] Douglas's wife, Anne, converted to Judaism before they renewed their wedding vows in 2004.[85] Douglas celebrated a second Bar-Mitzvah ceremony in 1999, aged 83.[11]:125 Philanthropy[edit] Douglas and his wife have donated to various non-profit causes during his career, and are planning on donating most of their $80 million net worth.[86] Among the donations have been those to his former high school and college. In September 2001, he helped fund his high school's musical, Amsterdam Oratorio, composed by Maria Riccio Bryce, who won the school Thespian Society's Kirk Douglas Award in 1968.[87] In 2012 he donated $5 million to St. Lawrence University, his alma mater. The college used the donation for the scholarship fund he began in 1999.[88][89] He has donated to various schools, medical facilities and other non-profit organizations in southern California. These have included the rebuilding of over 400 Los Angeles Unified School District playgrounds that were aged and in need of restoration. They established the Anne Douglas Center for Homeless Women at the Los Angeles Mission, which has helped hundreds of women turn their lives around. In Culver City, they opened the Kirk Douglas Theatre in 2004.[80] They supported the Anne Douglas Childhood Center at the Sinai Temple of Westwood.[89] In March 2015, Kirk and his wife donated $2.3 million to the Children's Hospital Los Angeles.[90] Since the early 1990s Kirk and Anne Douglas have donated up to $40 million to Harry's Haven, an Alzheimer's treatment facility in Woodland Hills, to care for patients at the Motion Picture Home.[60] To celebrate his 99th birthday in December 2015, they donated another $15 million to help expand the facility with a new two-story Kirk Douglas Care Pavilion.[91] Affiliations[edit] The couple have been involved in numerous volunteer and philanthropic activities. They traveled to more than 40 countries, at their own expense, to act as goodwill ambassadors for the U.S. Information Agency, speaking to audiences about why democracy works and what freedom means.[79] In 1980, Douglas flew to Cairo to talk with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. For all his goodwill efforts, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Jimmy Carter in 1981.[80] At the ceremony, Carter said that Douglas had "done this in a sacrificial way, almost invariably without fanfare and without claiming any personal credit or acclaim for himself."[92] In subsequent years, Douglas testified before Congress about elder abuse.[60] Candid of Douglas near his home in Los Angeles circa 1950. "Fresh air and plenty of exercise never hurt an actor", he said. Douglas has been a lifelong member of the Democratic Party.[93] He has written letters to politicians who were friends. He notes in his memoir, Let's Face It (2007), that he felt compelled to write to former president Jimmy Carter in 2006 in order to stress that "Israel is the only successful democracy in the Middle East... [and] has had to endure many wars against overwhelming odds. If Israel loses one war, they lose Israel."[11]:226 Douglas recalled once when, being friends with Ronald Reagan's son Ron, his own son Eric saw a Barry Goldwater bumper sticker on the Reagans' car, and shouted "BOO Goldwater"; Nancy Reagan telephoned: "Come pick up this boy at once." Kirk said of this that it was "a sentiment I confess he picked up from me."[94] Health[edit] On January 28, 1996, he suffered a severe stroke, impairing his ability to speak.[95] Doctors told his wife that unless there was rapid improvement, the loss of the ability to speak was likely permanent. After a regime of daily speech-language therapy that lasted several months, his ability to speak returned, although it was still limited. He was able to accept an honorary Academy Award two months later in March and thank the audience.[96][97] He wrote about this experience in a book, My Stroke of Luck, which he hoped would be an "operating manual" for others on how to handle a stroke victim in their own family.[97][98] On December 9, 2016, Douglas became a centenarian. He celebrated his 100th birthday at the Beverly Hills Hotel, joined by several of his friends and family, including Don Rickles, Jeffrey Katzenberg, Steven Spielberg, his wife Anne, his son Michael and his daughter-in-law Catherine Zeta-Jones. Douglas was described by his guests as being still in good shape, able to walk with confidence into the Sunset Room for the celebration.[99] Hobbies[edit] Douglas blogs from time to time. Originally hosted on Myspace,[100] his posts have been hosted by the Huffington Post since 2012.[101] He is believed to be the oldest celebrity blogger in the world.[102]

Filmography[edit] Main article: Kirk Douglas filmography In a 2014 article, Douglas cited The Strange Love of Martha Ivers, Champion, Ace in the Hole, The Bad and the Beautiful, Act of Love, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, The Indian Fighter, Lust for Life, Paths of Glory, Spartacus, Lonely Are the Brave, and Seven Days in May as the films he was most proud of throughout his acting career.[103]

Radio appearances[edit] Year Program Episode/source 1947 Suspense "Community Property"[104] 1950 Screen Directors Playhouse Champion[105] 1950 Suspense The Butcher's Wife[105] 1952 Lux Radio Theatre Young Man with a Horn[106] 1954 Lux Radio Theatre Detective Story[105]

Honors and awards[edit] This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful. (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) President Jimmy Carter greets Kirk Douglas and Mrs. Douglas, March 1978 Douglas has been honored by governments and organizations of various countries, including France, Italy, Portugal, Israel, and Germany.[79] In 1981, Douglas received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Jimmy Carter,[107] In 1984, he was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. In 1990, he received the French Legion of Honor for distinguished services to France in arts and letters.[79] In 1991, he received the AFI Life Achievement Award. In 1994, Douglas's accomplishments in the performing arts were celebrated in Washington, D.C., where he was among the recipients of the annual Kennedy Center Honors.[108] In 1999, he received the Screen Actors Guild Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2002, he received the National Medal of Arts award from President Bush.[79] Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame In October 2004, Kirk Douglas Way, a thoroughfare in Palm Springs, California was unveiled by the city's International Film Society and Film Festival.[109] For his contributions to the motion picture industry, Douglas has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6263 Hollywood Blvd. He is one of the few personalities (along with James Stewart, Gregory Peck, and Gene Autry) whose star has been stolen and later replaced.[110] Signing his name at Grauman's Chinese Theatre on November 1, 1962 AFI Life Achievement Award 1991 Accepted AFI Life Achievement Award[111] Kennedy Center Honors 1994 Honoree Academy Awards 1996 Honorary Award for 50 years as a creative and moral force in the motion picture community 1956 Lust for Life nominated for Best Actor 1952 Bad & the Beautiful nominated for Best Actor 1949 Champion nominated for Best Actor Golden Globes 1986 Amos nominated for Best Actor in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV 1968 Cecil B. DeMille Award for Lifetime Achievement 1957 Lust for Life won for Best Actor-Drama 1952 Detective Story nominated for Best Actor-Drama Emmy Awards 2002 Touched by an Angel nominated for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series 1992 Tales from the Crypt nominated for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series 1986 Amos nominated for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Special Screen Actors Guild Awards 1999 Lifetime Achievement Award BAFTA Awards 1963 Lonely Are the Brave nominated for Best Foreign Actor BAFTA/LA Britannia Awards 2009 Britannia Award for contributions to worldwide entertainment Berlin International Film Festival 2001 Honorary Golden Bear[112] 1975 Posse nominated for Competing Film[113] Cesar Awards 1980 Honorary Cesar Hollywood Film Festival 1997 Lifetime Achievement Award National Board of Review 1988 Career Achievement Award New York Film Critics Circle Award 1956 Lust for Life won for Best Actor 1951 Detective Story nominated for Best Actor In 1983, Douglas received the S. Roger Horchow Award for Greatest Public Service by a Private Citizen, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[114] In 1996, Douglas received an Honorary Academy Award for "50 years as a moral and creative force in the motion picture community." The award was presented by producer/director Steven Spielberg.[96] As a result of Douglas's stroke the previous summer, however, in which he lost most of his speaking ability, his close friends and family were concerned about whether he should try to speak, or what he should say. Both his son, Michael, and his long-time friend, Jack Valenti, urged him to only say "Thank you", and leave the stage. Douglas agreed. But when standing in front of the audience, he had second thoughts: "I intended to just say 'thank you,' but I saw 1,000 people, and felt I had to say something more, and I did."[78] Valenti remembers that after Douglas held up the Oscar, addressed his sons, and told his wife how much he loved her, everyone was astonished at his voice's improvement: The audience went wild with applause [and] erupted in affection... rising to their feet to salute this last of the great movie legends, who had survived the threat of death and stared down the demons that had threatened to silence him. I felt an emotional tidal wave roaring through the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in the L.A. Music Center.[2]

Books[edit] The Ragman's Son. Simon & Schuster, 1988. ISBN 0-671-63717-7. Dance With the Devil. Random House, 1990. ISBN 0-394-58237-3. The Gift. Warner Books, 1992. ISBN 0-446-51694-5. Last Tango in Brooklyn. Century, 1994. ISBN 0-7126-4852-6. The Broken Mirror: A Novella. Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers, 1997. ISBN 0-689-81493-3. Young Heroes of the Bible. Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0-689-81491-7. Climbing The Mountain: My Search For Meaning. Simon and Schuster, 2001. ISBN 0-7432-1438-2. My Stroke of Luck. HarperCollins, 2003. ISBN 0-06-001404-0. Let's Face It: 90 Years of Living, Loving, and Learning. John Wiley & Sons, 2007. ISBN 0-470-08469-3. I Am Spartacus!: Making a Film, Breaking the Blacklist. Open Road Media, 2012. ISBN 1-4532-3937-5. Life Could Be Verse: Reflections on Love, Loss, and What Really Matters, December 2014; ISBN 978-0-7573-1847-4

See also[edit] List of centenarians (actors, filmmakers and entertainers) List of oldest living Academy Award winners and nominees Biography portal Film portal Television in the United States portal United States Navy portal

Notes[edit] ^ See also: Stage name In his autobiography, Douglas explains that for many actors at the time who had unusual or foreign-sounding birth names, a simpler Americanized name was often preferred. His friend Karl Malden, who also changed his name for that reason, made suggestions. Douglas knew that many leading stars at the time had changed their names, including Robert Taylor, John Wayne, Cary Grant and Fred Astaire.[11]:1–2

References[edit] ^ a b "Douglas, Kirk, LTJG". Retrieved January 10, 2018.  ^ a b c d Valenti, Jack. This Time, This Place: My Life in War, the White House, and Hollywood, Crown Publishing (2007) Ch. 12 ^ Bradshaw, Peter (December 9, 2016). "Kirk Douglas at 100: a one-man Hollywood Mount Rushmore". The Guardian. Retrieved December 17, 2016.  ^ a b c d e f Douglas, Kirk (1988). The Ragman's Son. Simon & Schuster. pp. 288, 383–84. ISBN 978-0-671-63717-0.  ^ Kirk Douglas profile,; accessed July 25, 2016. ^ Kirk Douglas. "The Ragman's Son: An Autobiography". Retrieved November 16, 2016.  ^ "Kirk and Michael Douglas". Land Of Ancestors – Belarus. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ "A Legend Looks Back: A Visit With Kirk Douglas". The Jewish Daily Forward. July 18, 2007. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ Farndale, Nigel (July 23, 2011). "Kirk Douglas: in 'pretty good shape' at 94". Telegraph.  ^ "Other Celebrity Houses of Worship". Retrieved December 4, 2012.  ^ a b c d e Douglas, Kirk. Let's Face It, John Wiley & Sons (2007); ISBN 0-470-08469-3. ^ Douglas, Kirk (2007). Let's face it: 90 years of living, loving, and learning. John Wiley and Sons. p. 3. ISBN 0-470-08469-3.  ^ Thomas, Tony. The Films of Kirk Douglas. Citadel Press, New York (1991), p. 12; ISBN 0-8065-1217-2. ^ a b c Thomas, p. 13 ^ Thomas, p. 15 ^ a b Thomas, p. 18 ^ a b Bacall, Lauren. By Myself and Then Some, HarperCollins (1978), pp. 26–27 ^ Douglas, Kirk (November 5, 2015). "Why I Felt Like a Failure When I Didn't Make It on Broadway". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 9, 2016.  ^ Van Osdol, William R.; John W. Lambert (March 1, 1995). Famous Americans in World War II: a pictorial history. Phalanx. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-883809-06-5. Serving in the Pacific as an ensign, he was seriously injured because of a premature depth charge explosion and returned to San Diego. After five months hospitalization he was granted a medical discharge in 1944  ^ Thomas, p. 17 ^ "Bermuda and Hollywood". The Bermudian. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ a b c Parker, John. Michael Douglas: Acting on Instinct, e-book (2011), Ch. 2 ^ Smith, Imogen Sara. In Lonely Places: Film Noir Beyond the City, McFarland (2011) p. 103 ^ Thomas, p. 33 ^ a b c Thomas, p. 19 ^ a b Didinger, Ray, and Glen Macnow. The Ultimate Book of Sports Movies: Featuring the 100 Greatest Sports Films, Running Press (2009), p. 260 ISBN 0091521300 ^ Romano, Frederick V. The Boxing Filmography: American Features, 1920–2003, McFarland (2004), p. 31 ISBN 9780786417933 ^ a b c Thomas, p. 28 ^ Mosel, Leading Lady: The World and Theatre of Katharine Cornell[ISBN missing] ^ Thomas, p. 181 ^ Robert Osborne discusses Lonely Are the Brave, TCM channel via; accessed July 19, 2016. ^ Hotchner, A. E. (1975). Doris Day: Her Own Story. William Morrow and Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0688029685, ^ Sikov, Ed. On Sunset Boulevard: The Life and Times of Billy Wilder, New York: Hyperion, (1998) pp. 325–26; ISBN 0-7868-6194-0 ^ McGovern, Joe. "A Life in Film: Kirk Douglas on four of his greatest roles", Entertainment Weekly, February 23, 2015. ^ Empire Magazine's The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time. Empire; retrieved March 21, 2013. ^ Chandler, Charlotte. Nobody's Perfect: Billy Wilder, a Personal Biography, Applause Books (2002), p. 166[ISBN missing] ^ Ebert, Roger (August 12, 2007). "Ace in the Hole – Roger Ebert – The Great Movies". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved January 4, 2011.  ^ Phillips, Gene. Some Like it Wilder: the Life and Controversial films of Billy Wilder, Univ. Press of Kentucky (2010), p. 141[ISBN missing] ^ a b Grant, Lee. I Said Yes to Everything: a Memoir, Blue Rider Press (2014) pp. 75, 428–29; ISBN 978-0-399-16930-4 ^ Robert Osborne discusses Detective Story, TCM channel via; accessed December 17, 2016. ^ Crowther, Bosley. Detective Story review, The New York Times, November 7, 1951; accessed December 26, 2007. ^ Thomas, p. 93 ^ Thomas, p. 64 ^ a b Thomas, p. 7 ^ "Jam Session at Jacks'", originally telecast on CBS on October 17, 1954. ^ Hughes, David (May 31, 2013). The Complete Kubrick. Random House. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-4481-3321-5.  ^ Monush, Barry. The Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors, Applause Books, (2003) p. 200[ISBN missing] ^ a b LoBrutto, Vincent. Stanley Kubrick: A Biography, Da Capo Press (1997), pp. 105, 135[ISBN missing] ^ a b Thomas, p. 24 ^ "Rich Little roasts Kirk Douglasipad". YouTube. December 19, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2016.  ^ "David Frye Doing Kirk Douglas, LBJ, Rod Steiger & Brando Impersonations". YouTube. January 13, 2015. Retrieved December 17, 2016.  ^ Fairbanks, Brian. Brian W. Fairbanks – Writings, Lulu (2005) e-book ^ McElhaney. Vincente Minnelli: The Art of Entertainment, Wayne State Univ. Press (2009) p. 300[ISBN missing] ^ Niemi, Robert. History in the Media: Film and Television, ABC-CLIO (2006) p. 296[ISBN missing] ^ a b Thomas, p. 44 ^ Naremore, James. The Films of Vincente Minnelli, Cambridge Univ. Press (1993), p. 41[ISBN missing] ^ Samuelson, Kate (December 9, 2016). "3 Things to Know About Kirk Douglas on His 100th Birthday". Time. Retrieved April 11, 2017.  ^ Thomas, p. 168 ^ Thomas, p. 149 ^ a b c Paskin, Barbra. "Hollywood gladiator Kirk Douglas has his eyes set on a third barmitzvah", The Jewish Chronicle, September 20, 2012. ^ "How Kirk Douglas Overstated His Role in Breaking the Hollywood Blacklist". The Atlantic. Retrieved December 27, 2016.  ^ "'Trumbo's' Dean O'Gorman plays Kirk Douglas and earns praise from the legend", Los Angeles Times, October 30, 2015. ^ Douglas, Edward. Jack: A Biography of Jack Nicholson, HarperCollins (2004), p. 136[ISBN missing] ^ Armstrong, Stephen B. ed., John Frankenheimer: Interviews, Essays, and Profiles, Rowman & Littlefield (2013), p. 166[ISBN missing] ^ Hunter, Allan. Faye Dunaway, St. Martin's Press, N.Y. (1986) p. 81 ^ Dunaway, Faye. Looking for Gatsby, Simon & Schuster (1995), p. 193[ISBN missing] ^ "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1973)", The New York Times review; retrieved October 1, 2008. ^ "Lancaster and Douglas: A Chemistry Lesson", New York Times, November 2, 1986 ^ "Liberty Receives Classical Salute". July 5, 1986. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015.  ^ Olivier, Ellen (January 17, 2010). "Kirk Douglas' 'Before I Forget' movie premieres; South Coast Repertory's 'Ordinary Days' has West Coast opening". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 4, 2010.  ^ ^ ^ Thomas, p. 11. ^ a b c Thomas, p. 21 ^ Thomas, p. 21. ^ Thomas, p. 25 ^ Thomas, p. 22 ^ a b She uses the name "Barbara Douglas" on the March 27, 1966 "What's My Line" show. "Hollywood Legend Kirk Douglas, His Wife Delve Into Their 60-Year Love Affair", CBS Los Angeles, July 25, 2014. ^ a b c d e "The Heart Foundation". The Heart Foundation. Retrieved November 16, 2016.  ^ a b c Douglas, Kirk. "Kirk Douglas looks back at 60 years of marriage", Los Angeles Times, June 20, 2014. ^ "Douglas son 'died accidentally'". BBC. August 10, 2004. Retrieved December 8, 2016.  ^ Gorman, Gary; O'Donnell, Santiago (February 14, 1991). "2 Die as Plane, Copter Crash; Kirk Douglas, 2 Others Hurt". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 16, 2015.  ^ Douglas, Kirk Climbing the Mountain: Essay and Interview with Kirk Douglas (2000,; retrieved August 16, 2015. ^ Moore, Deborah. To the Golden Cities: Pursuing the American Jewish Dream in Miami and L.A., Harvard Univ. Press (1994) p. 245 ^ "Hollywood gladiator Kirk Douglas has his eyes set on a third barmitzvah". Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ "Why Kirk and Anne Douglas Are Giving Away Their Fortune", Hollywood Reporter, August 20, 2015. ^ Cudmore, Bob. "Oratorio describes life in the city", The Daily Gazette, September 30, 2001 ^ "Kirk Douglas donating $5 million to St. Lawrence University", Associated Press, July 30, 2012. ^ a b "Kirk and Anne Douglas Donate $50 Million to Five Non-Profits", The Hollywood Reporter, July 27, 2012. ^ Coleman, Laura. "Kirk, Anne Douglas Donate $2.3M To Children’s Hospital Los Angeles", The Beverly Hills Courier, March 26, 2015. ^ "Kirk Douglas Just Did Something Beautiful For His 99th Birthday", The Huffington Post, December 16, 2015. ^ "Jimmy Carter: Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony". January 16, 1981. Retrieved December 17, 2016.  ^ "Kirk Douglas Praises McCain on Slavery". Newsmax. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ Douglas, Kirk (March 12, 2016). "Remembering My Longtime Friend, Nancy Reagan". Huffington Post. Retrieved December 27, 2017.  ^ Gold, Todd (October 6, 1997). "Lust for Life". People.  ^ a b "Kirk Douglas receiving an Honorary Oscar®". YouTube. April 24, 2008. Retrieved November 16, 2016.  ^ a b "Interview: Kirk Douglas". Ability. 2001. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ Alikhan, Anvar. "Thespian, gambler and time traveller: the remarkable 100-year run of Kirk Douglas".  ^ "Inside Kirk Douglas's intimate 100th birthday celebration". The Telegraph.  ^ Kendall, Nigel. "World's oldest blogger María Amelia López Soliño dies", Times Online, May 22, 2009; accessed May 25, 2009. ^ Kirk Douglas blog,; retrieved January 11, 2014. ^ Hardingham-Gill, Tamara (December 22, 2008). "Screen legend Kirk Douglas, oldest celebrity blogger with 4414 online friends". Daily Mail. London, UK.  ^ Douglas, Kirk (December 9, 2014). "I've Made About 90 Feature Films, but These Are the Ones I'm Proudest Of". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 12, 2015.  ^ ^ a b c "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 42 (4): 35. Autumn 2016.  ^ Kirby, Walter (March 2, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 42. Retrieved May 28, 2015 – via  ^ "Jimmy Carter: Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony". January 16, 1981. Retrieved November 16, 2016.  ^ "List of Kennedy Center Honorees". Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2013.  ^ A portrait of Douglas, titled "The Great and the Beautiful," which encapsulated his film career, art collection, philanthropy and rehabilitation from the helicopter crash and the stroke, appeared in Palm Springs Life magazine in 1999. ^ "Hollywood Walk of Fame". Guide to and locations of the stars on Hollywood Boulevard. Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2008.  ^ "The AFI Life Achievement Awards". American Film Institute. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ "PRIZES & HONOURS 2001". Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2014.  ^ "25th Berlin International Film Festival". Retrieved July 4, 2010.  ^ "Jefferson Awards". Retrieved December 6, 2014. 

Further reading[edit] Kress, Michael. Rabbis: Observations of 100 Leading and Influential Rabbis of the 21st Century. Foreword by Kirk Douglas. Universe, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7893-0804-7. McBride, Joseph. Kirk Douglas. Pyramid Publications, 1976. ISBN 0-515-04084-3. Munn, Michael. Kirk Douglas. St. Martin's Press, 1985. ISBN 0-312-45681-6. Press, Skip. Michael and Kirk Douglas. Silver Burdett Press, 1995. ISBN 0-382-24941-0. Wise, James. Stars in Blue: Movie Actors in America's Sea Services. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1997. ISBN 1-55750-937-9. OCLC 36824724. Entry on Kirk Douglas.

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kirk Douglas. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Kirk Douglas Kirk Douglas at Encyclopædia Britannica Kirk Douglas on IMDb Kirk Douglas at the TCM Movie Database Kirk Douglas at the Internet Broadway Database Kirk Douglas Papers at the Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research. Kirk Douglas' entries on Huffington Post "Tribute to Kirk Douglas", Turner Classic Movies Profile at Turner Classic Movies Kirk Douglas interviewed by Dick Cavett, 1971 An Interview with Kirk Douglas Kirk Douglas interviewed by Mike Wallace on The Mike Wallace Interview from November 2, 1957 Awards for Kirk Douglas v t e Academy Honorary Award 1928–1950 Warner Bros. / Charlie Chaplin (1928) Walt Disney (1932) Shirley Temple (1934) D. W. Griffith (1935) The March of Time / W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen / W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art Film Library / Mack Sennett (1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney / Deanna Durbin and Mickey Rooney / Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner (1938) Douglas Fairbanks / Judy Garland / William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope / Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer / Noël Coward / Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (1942) George Pal (1943) Bob Hope / Margaret O'Brien (1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger / The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell / Laurence Olivier / Ernst Lubitsch / Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett / Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor / Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger / Monsieur Vincent / Sid Grauman / Adolph Zukor (1948) Jean Hersholt / Fred Astaire / Cecil B. DeMille / The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer / George Murphy / The Walls of Malapaga (1950) 1951–1975 Gene Kelly / Rashomon (1951) Merian C. Cooper / Bob Hope / Harold Lloyd / George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games (1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye / Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley / Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor (1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers / Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier (1958) Buster Keaton / Lee de Forest (1959) Gary Cooper / Stan Laurel / Hayley Mills (1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins (1961) William J. Tuttle (1964) Bob Hope (1965) Yakima Canutt / Y. Frank Freeman (1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant (1969) Lillian Gish / Orson Welles (1970) Charlie Chaplin (1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson (1972) Henri Langlois / Groucho Marx (1973) Howard Hawks / Jean Renoir (1974) Mary Pickford (1975) 1976–2000 Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz / Laurence Olivier / King Vidor / Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness (1979) Henry Fonda (1980) Barbara Stanwyck (1981) Mickey Rooney (1982) Hal Roach (1983) James Stewart / National Endowment for the Arts (1984) Paul Newman / Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy (1986) Eastman Kodak Company / National Film Board of Canada (1988) Akira Kurosawa (1989) Sophia Loren / Myrna Loy (1990) Satyajit Ray (1991) Federico Fellini (1992) Deborah Kerr (1993) Michelangelo Antonioni (1994) Kirk Douglas / Chuck Jones (1995) Michael Kidd (1996) Stanley Donen (1997) Elia Kazan (1998) Andrzej Wajda (1999) Jack Cardiff / Ernest Lehman (2000) 2001–present Sidney Poitier / Robert Redford (2001) Peter O'Toole (2002) Blake Edwards (2003) Sidney Lumet (2004) Robert Altman (2005) Ennio Morricone (2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall / Roger Corman / Gordon Willis (2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard / Eli Wallach (2010) James Earl Jones / Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker / Hal Needham / George Stevens Jr. (2012) Angela Lansbury / Steve Martin / Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière / Hayao Miyazaki / Maureen O'Hara (2014) Spike Lee / Gena Rowlands (2015) Jackie Chan / Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland / Agnès Varda (2017) v t e AFI Life Achievement Award John Ford (1973) James Cagney (1974) Orson Welles (1975) William Wyler (1976) Bette Davis (1977) Henry Fonda (1978) Alfred Hitchcock (1979) James Stewart (1980) Fred Astaire (1981) Frank Capra (1982) John Huston (1983) Lillian Gish (1984) Gene Kelly (1985) Billy Wilder (1986) Barbara Stanwyck (1987) Jack Lemmon (1988) Gregory Peck (1989) David Lean (1990) Kirk Douglas (1991) Sidney Poitier (1992) Elizabeth Taylor (1993) Jack Nicholson (1994) Steven Spielberg (1995) Clint Eastwood (1996) Martin Scorsese (1997) Robert Wise (1998) Dustin Hoffman (1999) Harrison Ford (2000) Barbra Streisand (2001) Tom Hanks (2002) Robert De Niro (2003) Meryl Streep (2004) George Lucas (2005) Sean Connery (2006) Al Pacino (2007) Warren Beatty (2008) Michael Douglas (2009) Mike Nichols (2010) Morgan Freeman (2011) Shirley MacLaine (2012) Mel Brooks (2013) Jane Fonda (2014) Steve Martin (2015) John Williams (2016) Diane Keaton (2017) George Clooney (2018) v t e BAFTA Los Angeles Britannia Awards Excellence in Film Albert R. Broccoli (1989) Michael Caine (1990) Peter Ustinov (1992) Martin Scorsese (1993) Anthony Hopkins (1995) Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein (1996) Dustin Hoffman (1997) John Travolta (1998) Stanley Kubrick (1999) Steven Spielberg (2000) George Lucas (2002) Hugh Grant (2003) Tom Hanks (2004) Tom Cruise (2005) Clint Eastwood (2006) Denzel Washington (2007) Sean Penn (2008) Robert De Niro (2009) Jeff Bridges (2010) Warren Beatty (2011) Daniel Day-Lewis (2012) George Clooney (2013) Robert Downey Jr. (2014) Meryl Streep (2015) Jodie Foster (2016) Matt Damon (2017) Excellence in Directing Peter Weir (2003) Jim Sheridan (2004) Mike Newell (2005) Anthony Minghella (2006) Martin Campbell (2007) Stephen Frears (2008) Danny Boyle (2009) Christopher Nolan (2010) David Yates (2011) Quentin Tarantino (2012) Kathryn Bigelow (2013) Mike Leigh (2014) Sam Mendes (2015) Ang Lee (2016) Ava DuVernay (2017) Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment Howard Stringer (2003) Kirk Douglas (2009) Ridley Scott & Tony Scott (2010) John Lasseter (2011) Will Wright (2012) Ben Kingsley (2013) Judi Dench (2014) Harrison Ford (2015) Samuel L. Jackson (2016) Kenneth Branagh (2017) British Artist of the Year Rachel Weisz (2006) Kate Winslet (2007) Tilda Swinton (2008) Emily Blunt (2009) Michael Sheen (2010) Helena Bonham Carter (2011) Daniel Craig (2012) Benedict Cumberbatch (2013) Emma Watson (2014) James Corden (2015) Felicity Jones (2016) Claire Foy (2017) Excellence in Comedy Betty White (2010) Ben Stiller (2011) Trey Parker and Matt Stone (2012) Sacha Baron Cohen (2013) Julia Louis-Dreyfus (2014) Amy Schumer (2015) Ricky Gervais (2016) Aziz Ansari (2017) Excellence in Television Aaron Spelling (1999) HBO Original Programming (2002) Dick Van Dyke (2017) Humanitarian Award Richard Curtis (2007) Don Cheadle (2008) Colin Firth (2009) Idris Elba (2013) Mark Ruffalo (2014) Orlando Bloom (2015) Ewan McGregor (2016) Retired Awards BBC (1999) Tarsem Singh (1999) Angela Lansbury (2003) Helen Mirren (2004) Elizabeth Taylor (2005) Ronald Neame (2005) Sidney Poitier (2006) Bob Shaye and Michael Lynne (2007) v t e Cecil B. DeMille Award Cecil B. DeMille (1952) Walt Disney (1953) Darryl F. Zanuck (1954) Jean Hersholt (1955) Jack L. Warner (1956) Mervyn LeRoy (1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier (1959) Bing Crosby (1960) Fred Astaire (1961) Judy Garland (1962) Bob Hope (1963) Joseph E. Levine (1964) James Stewart (1965) John Wayne (1966) Charlton Heston (1967) Kirk Douglas (1968) Gregory Peck (1969) Joan Crawford (1970) Frank Sinatra (1971) Alfred Hitchcock (1972) Samuel Goldwyn (1973) Bette Davis (1974) Hal B. Wallis (1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton (1978) Lucille Ball (1979) Henry Fonda (1980) Gene Kelly (1981) Sidney Poitier (1982) Laurence Olivier (1983) Paul Newman (1984) Elizabeth Taylor (1985) Barbara Stanwyck (1986) Anthony Quinn (1987) Clint Eastwood (1988) Doris Day (1989) Audrey Hepburn (1990) Jack Lemmon (1991) Robert Mitchum (1992) Lauren Bacall (1993) Robert Redford (1994) Sophia Loren (1995) Sean Connery (1996) Dustin Hoffman (1997) Shirley MacLaine (1998) Jack Nicholson (1999) Barbra Streisand (2000) Al Pacino (2001) Harrison Ford (2002) Gene Hackman (2003) Michael Douglas (2004) Robin Williams (2005) Anthony Hopkins (2006) Warren Beatty (2007) Steven Spielberg (2009) Martin Scorsese (2010) Robert De Niro (2011) Morgan Freeman (2012) Jodie Foster (2013) Woody Allen (2014) George Clooney (2015) Denzel Washington (2016) Meryl Streep (2017) Oprah Winfrey (2018) v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama 1940s Paul Lukas (1943) Alexander Knox (1944) Ray Milland (1945) Gregory Peck (1946) Ronald Colman (1947) Laurence Olivier (1948) Broderick Crawford (1949) 1950s José Ferrer (1950) Fredric March (1951) Gary Cooper (1952) Spencer Tracy (1953) Marlon Brando (1954) Ernest Borgnine (1955) Kirk Douglas (1956) Alec Guinness (1957) David Niven (1958) Anthony Franciosa (1959) 1960s Burt Lancaster (1960) Maximilian Schell (1961) Gregory Peck (1962) Sidney Poitier (1963) Peter O'Toole (1964) Omar Sharif (1965) Paul Scofield (1966) Rod Steiger (1967) Peter O'Toole (1968) John Wayne (1969) 1970s George C. Scott (1970) Gene Hackman (1971) Marlon Brando (1972) Al Pacino (1973) Jack Nicholson (1974) Jack Nicholson (1975) Peter Finch (1976) Richard Burton (1977) Jon Voight (1978) Dustin Hoffman (1979) 1980s Robert De Niro (1980) Henry Fonda (1981) Ben Kingsley (1982) Robert Duvall / Tom Courtenay (1983) F. Murray Abraham (1984) Jon Voight (1985) Bob Hoskins (1986) Michael Douglas (1987) Dustin Hoffman (1988) Tom Cruise (1989) 1990s Jeremy Irons (1990) Nick Nolte (1991) Al Pacino (1992) Tom Hanks (1993) Tom Hanks (1994) Nicolas Cage (1995) Geoffrey Rush (1996) Peter Fonda (1997) Jim Carrey (1998) Denzel Washington (1999) 2000s Tom Hanks (2000) Russell Crowe (2001) Jack Nicholson (2002) Sean Penn (2003) Leonardo DiCaprio (2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman (2005) Forest Whitaker (2006) Daniel Day-Lewis (2007) Mickey Rourke (2008) Jeff Bridges (2009) 2010s Colin Firth (2010) George Clooney (2011) Daniel Day-Lewis (2012) Matthew McConaughey (2013) Eddie Redmayne (2014) Leonardo DiCaprio (2015) Casey Affleck (2016) Gary Oldman (2017) v t e Honorary César 1976–2000 Ingrid Bergman (1976) Diana Ross (1976) Henri Langlois (1977) Jacques Tati (1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny (1978) Marcel Carné (1979) Charles Vanel (1979) Walt Disney (1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès (1980) Kirk Douglas (1980) Marcel Pagnol (1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda (1982) Raimu (1983) René Clément (1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère (1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux (1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre (1986) Bette Davis (1986) Jean Delannoy (1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann (1986) Jean-Luc Godard (1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier (1989) Paul Grimault (1989) Gérard Philipe (1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont (1991) Sophia Loren (1991) Michèle Morgan (1992) Sylvester Stallone (1992) Jean Marais (1993) Marcello Mastroianni (1993) Gérard Oury (1993) Jean Carmet (1994) Jeanne Moreau (1995) Gregory Peck (1995) Steven Spielberg (1995) Lauren Bacall (1996) Henri Verneuil (1996) Charles Aznavour (1997) Andie MacDowell (1997) Michael Douglas (1998) Clint Eastwood (1998) Jean-Luc Godard (1998) Pedro Almodóvar (1999) Johnny Depp (1999) Jean Rochefort (1999) Josiane Balasko (2000) Georges Cravenne (2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud (2000) Martin Scorsese (2000) 2001–present Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling (2001) Agnès Varda (2001) Anouk Aimée (2002) Jeremy Irons (2002) Claude Rich (2002) Bernadette Lafont (2003) Spike Lee (2003) Meryl Streep (2003) Micheline Presle (2004) Jacques Dutronc (2005) Will Smith (2005) Hugh Grant (2006) Pierre Richard (2006) Marlène Jobert (2007) Jude Law (2007) Jeanne Moreau (2008) Roberto Benigni (2008) Dustin Hoffman (2009) Harrison Ford (2010) Quentin Tarantino (2011) Kate Winslet (2012) Kevin Costner (2013) Scarlett Johansson (2014) Sean Penn (2015) Michael Douglas (2016) George Clooney (2017) Penélope Cruz (2018) v t e Kennedy Center Honorees (1990s) 1990 Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder 1991 Roy Acuff Betty Comden and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw 1992 Lionel Hampton Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor 1993 Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams 1994 Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger 1995 Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon 1996 Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief 1997 Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella 1998 Bill Cosby Fred Ebb and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple Black 1999 Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s v t e New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor 1935–1950 Charles Laughton (1935) Walter Huston (1936) Paul Muni (1937) James Cagney (1938) James Stewart (1939) Charlie Chaplin (1940) Gary Cooper (1941) James Cagney (1942) Paul Lukas (1943) Barry Fitzgerald (1944) Ray Milland (1945) Laurence Olivier (1946) William Powell (1947) Laurence Olivier (1948) Broderick Crawford (1949) Gregory Peck (1950) 1951–1975 Arthur Kennedy (1951) Ralph Richardson (1952) Burt Lancaster (1953) Marlon Brando (1954) Ernest Borgnine (1955) Kirk Douglas (1956) Alec Guinness (1957) David Niven (1958) James Stewart (1959) Burt Lancaster (1960) Maximilian Schell (1961) No award (1962) Albert Finney (1963) Rex Harrison (1964) Oskar Werner (1965) Paul Scofield (1966) Rod Steiger (1967) Alan Arkin (1968) Jon Voight (1969) George C. Scott (1970) Gene Hackman (1971) Laurence Olivier (1972) Marlon Brando (1973) Jack Nicholson (1974) Jack Nicholson (1975) 1976–2000 Robert De Niro (1976) John Gielgud (1977) Jon Voight (1978) Dustin Hoffman (1979) Robert De Niro (1980) Burt Lancaster (1981) Ben Kingsley (1982) Robert Duvall (1983) Steve Martin (1984) Jack Nicholson (1985) Bob Hoskins (1986) Jack Nicholson (1987) Jeremy Irons (1988) Daniel Day-Lewis (1989) Robert De Niro (1990) Anthony Hopkins (1991) Denzel Washington (1992) David Thewlis (1993) Paul Newman (1994) Nicolas Cage (1995) Geoffrey Rush (1996) Peter Fonda (1997) Nick Nolte (1998) Richard Farnsworth (1999) Tom Hanks (2000) 2001–present Tom Wilkinson (2001) Daniel Day-Lewis (2002) Bill Murray (2003) Paul Giamatti (2004) Heath Ledger (2005) Forest Whitaker (2006) Daniel Day-Lewis (2007) Sean Penn (2008) George Clooney (2009) Colin Firth (2010) Brad Pitt (2011) Daniel Day-Lewis (2012) Robert Redford (2013) Timothy Spall (2014) Michael Keaton (2015) Casey Affleck (2016) Timothée Chalamet (2017) v t e Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award 1960s Eddie Cantor (1962) Stan Laurel (1964) Bob Hope (1965) Barbara Stanwyck (1966) William Gargan (1967) James Stewart (1968) Edward G. Robinson (1969) 1970s Gregory Peck (1970) Charlton Heston (1971) Frank Sinatra (1972) Martha Raye (1973) Walter Pidgeon (1974) Rosalind Russell (1975) Pearl Bailey (1976) James Cagney (1977) Edgar Bergen (1978) Katharine Hepburn (1979) 1980s Leon Ames (1980) Danny Kaye (1982) Ralph Bellamy (1983) Iggie Wolfington (1984) Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward (1985) Nanette Fabray (1986) Red Skelton (1987) Gene Kelly (1988) Jack Lemmon (1989) 1990s Brock Peters (1990) Burt Lancaster (1991) Audrey Hepburn (1992) Ricardo Montalbán (1993) George Burns (1994) Robert Redford (1995) Angela Lansbury (1996) Elizabeth Taylor (1997) Kirk Douglas (1998) Sidney Poitier (1999) 2000s Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee (2000) Ed Asner (2001) Clint Eastwood (2002) Karl Malden (2003) James Garner (2004) Shirley Temple (2005) Julie Andrews (2006) Charles Durning (2007) James Earl Jones (2008) Betty White (2009) 2010s Ernest Borgnine (2010) Mary Tyler Moore (2011) Dick Van Dyke (2012) Rita Moreno (2013) Debbie Reynolds (2014) Carol Burnett (2015) Lily Tomlin (2016) Morgan Freeman (2017) v t e Cannes Film Festival jury presidents 1946–1975 Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois (1951) Maurice Genevoix (1952) Jean Cocteau (1953) Jean Cocteau (1954) Marcel Pagnol (1955) Maurice Lehmann (1956) André Maurois (1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon (1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang (1964) Olivia de Havilland (1965) Sophia Loren (1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson (1968) Luchino Visconti (1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias (1970) Michèle Morgan (1971) Joseph Losey (1972) Ingrid Bergman (1973) René Clair (1974) Jeanne Moreau (1975) 1975–2000 Tennessee Williams (1976) Roberto Rossellini (1977) Alan J. Pakula (1978) Françoise Sagan (1979) Kirk Douglas (1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron (1983) Dirk Bogarde (1984) Miloš Forman (1985) Sydney Pollack (1986) Yves Montand (1987) Ettore Scola (1988) Wim Wenders (1989) Bernardo Bertolucci (1990) Roman Polanski (1991) Gérard Depardieu (1992) Louis Malle (1993) Clint Eastwood (1994) Jeanne Moreau (1995) Francis Ford Coppola (1996) Isabelle Adjani (1997) Martin Scorsese (1998) David Cronenberg (1999) Luc Besson (2000) 2001–present Liv Ullmann (2001) David Lynch (2002) Patrice Chéreau (2003) Quentin Tarantino (2004) Emir Kusturica (2005) Wong Kar-wai (2006) Stephen Frears (2007) Sean Penn (2008) Isabelle Huppert (2009) Tim Burton (2010) Robert De Niro (2011) Nanni Moretti (2012) Steven Spielberg (2013) Jane Campion (2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar (2017) Cate Blanchett (2018) v t e Presidents of the César Awards ceremonies Jean Gabin (1976) Lino Ventura (1977) Jeanne Moreau (1978) Charles Vanel (1979) Jean Marais (1980) Yves Montand (1981) Orson Welles (1982) Catherine Deneuve (1983) Gene Kelly (1984) Simone Signoret (1985) Madeleine Renaud and Jean-Louis Barrault (1986) Sean Connery (1987) Miloš Forman (1988) Peter Ustinov (1989) Kirk Douglas (1990) Sophia Loren (1991) Michèle Morgan (1992) Marcello Mastroianni (1993) Gérard Depardieu (1994) Alain Delon (1995) Philippe Noiret (1996) Annie Girardot (1997) Juliette Binoche (1998) Isabelle Huppert (1999) Alain Delon (2000) Daniel Auteuil (2001) Nathalie Baye (2002) — (2003) Fanny Ardant (2004) Isabelle Adjani (2005) Carole Bouquet (2006) Claude Brasseur (2007) Jean Rochefort (2008) Charlotte Gainsbourg (2009) Marion Cotillard (2010) Jodie Foster (2011) Guillaume Canet (2012) Jamel Debbouze (2013) François Cluzet (2014) Dany Boon (2015) Claude Lelouch (2016) – (2017) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 110926589 LCCN: n84156475 ISNI: 0000 0003 6864 7030 GND: 118818856 SELIBR: 352142 SUDOC: 027574431 BNF: cb138933967 (data) BIBSYS: 90548611 NLA: 35805327 NDL: 00465747 NKC: jn20020126011 BNE: XX956414 SNAC: w6m04gs1 Retrieved from "" Categories: 1916 birthsLiving peopleAmerican people of Russian-Jewish descentAmerican centenarians20th-century American male actors21st-century American male actorsAcademy Honorary Award recipientsAmerican Academy of Dramatic Arts alumniAmerican Conservative JewsAmerican film directorsAmerican film producersAmerican Jews in the militaryAmerican male film actorsAmerican male radio actorsAmerican male television actorsAmerican naval personnel of World War IIAmerican people of Belarusian-Jewish descentBest Drama Actor Golden Globe (film) winnersCecil B. DeMille Award Golden Globe winnersDouglas familyGolden Globe Award-winning producersJewish American male actorsKennedy Center honoreesLégion d'honneur recipientsMale actors from New York (state)Military personnel from New York (state)People from Amsterdam, New YorkPresidential Medal of Freedom recipientsScreen Actors Guild Life Achievement AwardSt. Lawrence University alumniStroke survivorsUnited States National Medal of Arts recipientsUnited States Navy sailorsWriters from New York (state)CentenariansHidden categories: Pages with missing ISBNsWikipedia pending changes protected pagesUse mdy dates from January 2018Use American English from January 2017All Wikipedia articles written in American EnglishBiography with signatureArticles with hCardsArticles containing Belarusian-language textAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2018Wikipedia articles needing style editing from December 2016All articles needing style editingBLP articles lacking sources from December 2016All BLP articles lacking sourcesArticles with Encyclopædia Britannica linksArticles with IBDb linksWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

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Kirk_Douglas - Photos and All Basic Informations

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All Edits By Unregistered And New Users Are Subject To Review Prior To Becoming Visible To Unregistered UsersWikipedia:Pending ChangesAmsterdam (city), New YorkLos Angeles, CaliforniaDemocratic Party (United States)Diana DouglasAnne BuydensMichael DouglasJoel DouglasPeter DouglasEric DouglasUnited States NavyLieutenant (junior Grade)List Of Living Actors From The Golden Age Of HollywoodGolden Age Of HollywoodThe Strange Love Of Martha IversBarbara StanwyckChampion (1949 Film)Academy Award For Best ActorYoung Man With A Horn (film)Lauren BacallDoris DayAce In The Hole (1951 Film)Jan SterlingDetective Story (1951 Film)The Bad And The BeautifulLana TurnerVincent Van GoghLust For Life (film)Bryna ProductionsPaths Of GlorySpartacus (film)Stanley KubrickHollywood BlacklistDalton TrumboLonely Are The BraveSeven Days In MayBurt LancasterOne Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest (play)Michael DouglasOne Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest (film)Academy AwardOscarsPresidential Medal Of FreedomAmerican Film InstituteAFI's 100 Years...100 StarsAnne BuydensCentenarianBelarusian LanguageAmsterdam, New YorkJewishChavusyMogilev RegionRussian EmpireBelarusYiddish LanguageUnited States NavyWorld War IIThe Ragman's SonEnlargeSt. Lawrence UniversityWrestlerAmerican Academy Of Dramatic ArtsNew York CityLauren BacallDiana DillUnited States NavyWorld War IIUSS PC-1137Diana DillMichael DouglasJoel DouglasAdvertisingRichard WidmarkKiss And Tell (play)Hal WallisThe Strange Love Of Martha IversBarbara StanwyckChampion (1949 Film)Stanley KramerThe Great SinnerEnlargeLauren BacallYoung Man With A Horn (film)Bryna ProductionsOut Of The PastRobert MitchumJane GreerThree Sisters (play)Katharine CornellAlong The Great DivideLonely Are The BraveDalton TrumboYoung Man With A Horn (film)Dorothy BakerBix BeiderbeckeJazzDoris DayJazzJean SpanglerGriffith ParkAbortionAce In The Hole (1951 Film)Billy WilderEnlargeVenice Film FestivalWoody AllenRoger EbertGeorge StevensAFI Life Achievement AwardDetective Story (1951 Film)Lee GrantBosley CrowtherEnlargeEve MillerThe Bad And The BeautifulDoris DayYoung Man With A Horn (film)Bix BeiderbeckeHoagy CarmichaelUlysses (1954 Film)HomerOdysseySilvana ManganoPenelopeCirceAnthony QuinnAntinousFilm DirectorMario CameriniFranco Brusati20,000 Leagues Under The Sea (1954 Film)Jules VerneJames MasonWalt DisneyMan Without A StarFor Love Or Money (1963 Film)The Jack Benny ProgramBryna ProductionsHal WallisWarner BrothersPaths Of GloryThe Vikings (1958 Film)Spartacus (film)Lonely Are The BraveSeven Days In MayStanley KubrickTop Secret AffairTown Without PitySeven Days In MayHeroes Of TelemarkIn Harm's WayCast A Giant ShadowIs Paris Burning? (film)The Final Countdown (film)Saturn 3Frank GorshinRich LittleDavid FryeEnlargeLust For Life (film)Vincent Van GoghLust For Life (film)Vincente MinnelliIrving StoneAnthony QuinnPaul GauguinGolden Globe Award For Best Actor – Motion Picture DramaJames NaremoreThe Bad And The BeautifulEnlargeSpartacus (film)Anthony MannStanley KubrickPaths Of GloryDalton TrumboHollywood BlacklistTrumbo (2015 Film)Dean O'GormanEnlargeOne Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest (play)One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest (play)Ken KeseyMichael DouglasOne Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest (film)Saul ZaentzJack NicholsonBurt LancasterI Walk AloneGunfight At The O.K. Corral (film)The Devil's Disciple (1959 Film)The List Of Adrian MessengerSeven Days In MayVictory At EntebbeTough GuysJohn FrankenheimerSeven Days In MayThe Arrangement (1969 Film)Elia KazanFaye DunawayThere Was A Crooked Man...Henry FondaJoseph L. MankiewiczScalawag (film)Strange Case Of Dr Jekyll And Mr HydePosse (1975 Film)Bruce DernJohn CassavetesAmy IrvingThe Fury (1978 Film)Brian De PalmaThe Final Countdown (film)USS Nimitz (CVN-68)Peter DouglasThe Man From Snowy River (1982 Film)Burt LancasterTough Guys (1986 Film)Charles DurningEli WallachAngela LansburyNew York PhilharmonicStatue Of LibertyZubin MehtaInherit The Wind (1988 Film)Jason RobardsJean SimmonsEmmy AwardsThe Secret (1992 Film)Michael J. FoxGreedy (film)DevilDon HenleyThe Garden Of Allah (song)Diamonds (1999 Film)Michael DouglasJoel DouglasIt Runs In The Family (2003 Film)Diana DillCenter Theatre GroupKirk Douglas TheatreCulver City, California75th Golden Globe AwardsWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Writing Better ArticlesWikipedia:Writing Better ArticlesHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalJack ValentiChampion (1949 Film)Jack NicholsonMelville ShavelsonCast A Giant ShadowEnlargeZubin MehtaLee GrantBryna ProductionsDiana DillMichael DouglasJoel DouglasParisAnne BuydensHanoverGreystone MansionPeter DouglasEric DouglasSanta Paula AirportChederPayosEnlargeRonald ReaganThe Juggler (film)Cast A Giant ShadowStanley KramerConversion To JudaismLos Angeles Unified School DistrictKirk Douglas TheatreSinai Temple (Los Angeles)Children's Hospital Los AngelesMotion Picture HomeU.S. Information AgencyAnwar SadatPresidential Medal Of FreedomJimmy CarterElder AbuseEnlargeJimmy CarterRonald ReaganRon ReaganEric DouglasBarry GoldwaterSpeech-language TherapyCentenarianBeverly Hills HotelDon RicklesJeffrey KatzenbergSteven SpielbergCatherine Zeta-JonesMyspaceHuffington PostKirk Douglas FilmographyThe Strange Love Of Martha IversChampion (1949 Film)Ace In The Hole (1951 Film)The Bad And The BeautifulAct Of Love (1953 Film)20,000 Leagues Under The Sea (1954 Film)The Indian FighterLust For Life (film)Paths Of GlorySpartacus (film)Lonely Are The BraveSeven Days In MaySuspense (radio Drama)Screen Directors PlayhouseChampion (1949 Film)Suspense (radio Drama)Lux Radio TheatreYoung Man With A Horn (film)Lux Radio TheatreDetective Story (1951 Film)Wikipedia:Biographies Of Living PersonsWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:VerifiabilityWikipedia:Identifying Reliable SourcesWikipedia:LibelHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalEnlargeJimmy CarterPresidential Medal Of FreedomWestern Performers Hall Of FameNational Cowboy & Western Heritage MuseumOklahoma CityLégion D'honneurAFI Life Achievement AwardWashington, D.C.Kennedy Center HonorsScreen Actors GuildNational Medal Of ArtsGeorge H. W. BushEnlargePalm Springs, CaliforniaPalm Springs International Film FestivalHollywood Walk Of FameJames StewartGregory PeckGene AutryEnlargeGrauman's Chinese TheatreAFI Life Achievement AwardKennedy Center HonorsAcademy AwardsGolden GlobesCecil B. DeMille AwardEmmy AwardsScreen Actors Guild AwardsBAFTA AwardsBerlin International Film FestivalCesar AwardsHollywood Film FestivalNational Board Of ReviewNew York Film Critics Circle AwardJefferson Awards For Public ServiceHonorary Academy AwardSteven SpielbergJack ValentiInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-671-63717-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-394-58237-3The Gift (Douglas Novel)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-446-51694-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7126-4852-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-689-81493-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-689-81491-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7432-1438-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-06-001404-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-470-08469-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-4532-3937-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7573-1847-4List Of Centenarians (actors, Filmmakers And Entertainers)List Of Oldest Living Academy Award Winners And NomineesPortal:BiographyPortal:FilmPortal:Television In The United StatesPortal:United States NavyStage NameKarl MaldenRobert Taylor (actor)John WayneCary GrantFred AstaireSimon & SchusterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-671-63717-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-470-08469-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-470-08469-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8065-1217-2Lauren BacallInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-883809-06-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0091521300International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780786417933Wikipedia:Citing SourcesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0688029685International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7868-6194-0Empire (magazine)Wikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Citing SourcesLee GrantInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-399-16930-4Bosley CrowtherThe New York TimesList Of The Jack Benny Program EpisodesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-4481-3321-5Wikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Citing SourcesYouTubeYouTubeWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Citing SourcesJames NaremoreWikipedia:Citing SourcesThe AtlanticWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Citing SourcesThe New York TimesLos Angeles TimesDeborah Dash MooreTo The Golden Cities: Pursuing The American Jewish Dream In Miami And L.A.Harvard Univ. PressThe Beverly Hills CourierYouTubeThe Huffington PostOpen Access Publication – Free To ReadNewspapers.comOpen Access Publication – Free To ReadInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7893-0804-7Joseph McBride (writer)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-515-04084-3Michael MunnInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-312-45681-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-382-24941-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-55750-937-9OCLCEncyclopædia BritannicaIMDbTurner Classic MoviesInternet Broadway DatabaseWisconsin Center For Film And Theater ResearchHuffington PostTurner Classic MoviesDick CavettMike WallaceTemplate:Academy Honorary AwardTemplate Talk:Academy Honorary AwardAcademy Honorary AwardWarner Bros.Charlie ChaplinWalt DisneyShirley TempleD. W. GriffithThe March Of TimeW. Howard GreeneHarold RossonEdgar BergenW. 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