Contents 1 Ottoman Empire 2 Turkey 3 Arab countries 4 See also 5 References


Ottoman Empire[edit] In the Ottoman Empire, a kaza was originally a "geographical area subject to the legal and administrative jurisdiction of a kadı.[1] With the first Tanzimat reforms of 1839, the administrative duties of the kadı were transferred to a governor (kaymakam), with the kadıs acting as judges of Islamic law.[5] In the Tanzimat era, the kaza became an administrative district with the 1864 Provincial Reform Law, which was implemented over the following decade.[4] A kaza unified the jurisdiction of a governor (kaymakam) appointed by the Ministry of the Interior,[6] a treasurer (chief finance officer), and a judge (kadı) in a single administrative unit.[4] It was part of efforts of the Porte to establish uniform, rational administration across the empire.[4] The kaza was a subdivision of a sanjak[1] and corresponded roughly to a city with its surrounding villages. Kazas, in turn, were divided into nahiyes (governed by müdürs and mütesellims) and villages (karye, governed by muhtars).[6] The 1871 revisions to the administrative law established the nahiye (still governing a müdür), as an intermediate level between the kaza and the village.[6]


Turkey[edit] The early Republic of Turkey continued to use the term kaza until it renamed them ilçe in the 1920s.


Arab countries[edit] The kaza was also formerly a second-level administrative division in Syria, but it is now called a mintaqah. The kaza or qadaa is used to refer to the following: districts of Iraq (second-level, below the governorate) districts of Lebanon (second-level, below the governorate) Sub-districts (third-level, below the governorate and the district) subdistricts of Mandatory Palestine Counties of Israel


See also[edit] Qadi Alcalde


References[edit] ^ a b c Selçuk Akşin Somel. "Kazâ". The A to Z of the Ottoman Empire. Volume 152 of A to Z Guides. Rowman & Littlefield, 2010. p. 151. ISBN 9780810875791 ^ Suraiya Faroqhi. Approaching Ottoman History: An Introduction to the Sources. Cambridge University Press, 1999. p. 88. ISBN 9780521666480 ^ Donald Quataert. The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922. 2nd Ed. Volume 34 of New Approaches to European History. Cambridge University Press, 2005. p. 108. ISBN 9781139445917 ^ a b c d Eugene L. Rogan. Frontiers of the State in the Late Ottoman Empire: Transjordan, 1850-1921. Volume 12 of Cambridge Middle East Studies. Cambridge University Press, 2002. p. 12. ISBN 9780521892230 ^ Selçuk Akşin Somel. "Kadı". The A to Z of the Ottoman Empire. Volume 152 of A to Z Guides. Rowman & Littlefield, 2010. p. 144-145. ISBN 9780810875791 ^ a b c Gökhan Çetinsaya. The Ottoman Administration of Iraq, 1890-1908. SOAS/Routledge Studies on the Middle East. Routledge, 2006. p. 8-9. ISBN 9780203481325 v t e Arabic terms for country subdivisions First-level Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate") Second / third-level Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak) City / township-level Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision") English translations given are those most commonly used. v t e Turkish terms for country subdivisions Modern il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter) Historical ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces) Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kaza&oldid=825018758" Categories: Subdivisions of the Ottoman EmpireTypes of country subdivisionsArabic words and phrasesHidden categories: Articles containing Arabic-language textArticles containing Ottoman Turkish-language text


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Kaza (disambiguation)Arabic LanguageHelp:IPA/ArabicHelp:IPA/ArabicOttoman Turkish LanguageAdministrative DivisionOttoman EmpireOttoman Turkish LanguageNahiyeKadıTanzimatKaymakamShariaInterior MinistrySublime PorteSanjakNahiyahMütesellimMuhtar (title)TurkeyList Of Districts In TurkeySyriaMintaqahDistricts Of IraqDistricts Of LebanonJordanDistricts Of Mandatory PalestineDistricts Of IsraelQadiAlcaldeInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780810875791International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780521666480International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781139445917International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780521892230International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780810875791International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780203481325Template:Arabic Terms For Country SubdivisionsTemplate Talk:Arabic Terms For Country SubdivisionsArabicAdministrative DivisionMuhafazahWilayahMintaqahMudiriyahEmirateBaladiyahShabiyahMintaqahNahiyahMarkaz (country Subdivision)MutamadiyahDaerahDaïraSanjakSanjakAmanah (administrative Subdivision)BaladiyahMahallahVillageSheyakhahTemplate:Turkish Terms For Country SubdivisionsTemplate Talk:Turkish Terms For Country SubdivisionsTurkish LanguageAdministrative DivisionProvinces Of TurkeyIlçeCityTownBelediyeBeldeKöyMahalleAgalukBucak (administrative Unit)EyaletKadilukKhedivate Of EgyptMutasarrıfNahiyaPashalikRaya (country Subdivision)SanjakVilayetVoivodeshipHelp:CategoryCategory:Subdivisions Of The Ottoman EmpireCategory:Types Of Country SubdivisionsCategory:Arabic Words And PhrasesCategory:Articles Containing Arabic-language TextCategory:Articles Containing Ottoman Turkish-language TextDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer