Contents 1 Formation and history 2 Olcott leadership 3 Expansion 4 Notable serials 5 Final changes 6 References 7 External links

Formation and history[edit] The company began operations from a small office in a loft building at 131 West 24th Street in New York City.[2] The partners were able to lure general manager and director Sidney Olcott away from Biograph. Olcoltt eventually became the Kalem Company's president, and was rewarded with one share of its stock. Kalem had no indoor studios, so most of its films were shot on location. In February 1907, the company made its first motion picture, titled The Sleigh Belle. While Kalem scored successes in their first year, the rate of production at the once-powerful Biograph stagnated, hampered by the loss of important personnel.

Olcott leadership[edit] The winter studios of the Kalem Company showing outbuildings on the grounds of the Roseland Hotel on the St. Johns River near Jacksonville, Florida. The cannon were used in Kalem's Civil War themed productions like The Drummer Girl of Vicksburg and The Confederate Ironclad. Under the direction of Sidney Olcott, Kalem made a number of significant films, including the first adaptation of Ben Hur and the following year, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. In 1910 Olcott gave actress Alice Joyce her first acting job in his production of The Deacon's Daughter. The one-reel version of Ben Hur – in which Manhattan Beach, Brooklyn was used as the location for the Holy Land – was made without obtaining the rights to the book, the usual procedure in the industry at the time, and Kalem was sued by the estate of the author, Lew Wallace. After the Supreme Court ruled against Kalem in 1911, they reached a settlement which paid the estate $25,000 – an extremely large amount for the time.[3] The action helped to establish the necessity of film studios obtaining motion picture rights to the properties they used for their stories.[4] In 1910 the company shot a film in Ireland, making Kalem the first movie studio to travel outside the United States to film on location. As director, Olcott headed a small team in Ireland: Kalem's leading lady and principal screenwriter, Gene Gauntier and cameraman, George Hollister. There, they notably filmed A Lad from Old Ireland plus a scenic film The Irish Honeymoon shot in Blarney Castle, Glengarriff, Gap of Dunloe, the Lakes of Killarney and Dublin. Olcott and Valentine Grant, his future wife, and others from the studio returned to Ireland for most of the summer in the next two years. The O'Kalems, as the American entourage were affectionately dubbed, made such Irish films as Rory O'More, The Gypsies of Old Ireland, You Remember Ellen, The Colleen Bawn, plus more than a dozen others. Later on, only the outbreak of World War I prevented Olcott from following through with his plans to build a permanent studio in Beaufort, County Kerry. The Irish films led to Olcott taking a crew to Palestine in 1912 to make the first five-reel film. Titled From the Manger to the Cross, it told the life story of Jesus. According to Turner Classic Movies, it is considered the most important silent film to deal with the life of Christ. In 1998 the film was selected for the National Film Registry of the United States Library of Congress. Kalem was also one of the first studios to regularly film year-round by setting up facilities in Florida during the winter. The Florida company consisted of Sidney Olcott, George Hollister, camera man; Allen Farnham, scenic artist; Arthur Clough, property man; Gene Gauntier scenarist and leading actress; Jack J. Clark, leading male actor; Robert Vignola and Ethel Eastcourt.

Expansion[edit] Play media Silent movie The No Account Count (1914) directed by Albert W. Hale for Kalem Company. This copy sports Dutch intertitles. Running time: 16:18. A short comic film in which the Count has found a bride, namely Mr. Krapaan’s extravagant daughter. In the fall of 1910, Kalem began organizing other studio locations. In November 1910, William Wright, company treasurer, was sent to the West Coast to assess the feasibility of a permanent studio for the making of Western style films. Wright saw the potential and after given the go ahead from head office he acquired a property in Verdugo Canyon in Glendale and a permanent crew was dispatched from New York City. Headed by director Kenean Buel, his crew consisted of star actress Alice Joyce, George Melford, Jane Wolfe, Frank Lanning, Howard Oswald, Frank Brady, Knute Rahmn, Francelia Billington and Daisy Smith. With films from the Western genre much in demand, in 1911, a second California studio was opened in Santa Monica with actors Ruth Roland, Marin Sais, Ed Coxen, and Marshall Neilan taken under contract. The Santa Monica facility eventually would be used to make comedies. Kalem operated in these Southern California locations until October 1913 when they took over the Essanay Studios property at 1425 Fleming Street (now, Hoover Street) in east Hollywood.

Notable serials[edit] In November 1914, Kalem released the first of 119 episodes of the serial The Hazards of Helen, releasing a new segment every Saturday until February 1917. Each segment had a self-contained story, so it was more of a film series than a serial. Helen Holmes played the lead character "Helen" and did most of her own stunts in the first 26 episodes until she and director J. P. McGowan left to set up their own film production company. The two began a relationship while working on the serial that led to marriage. Director J. Gunnis Davis (billed as James Davis) took over and Elsie McLeod substituted in episodes 27–49 until a permanent "Helen" could be found for the remainder in the form of Helen Gibson. On the heels of the immediate success of The Hazards of Helen, Kalem Studios simultaneously produced another 16-episode action/adventure series they released in October 1915 called The Ventures of Marguerite starring Marguerite Courtot.

Final changes[edit] Allan Dwan joined Kalem for a short time, as did Mary Pickford, who also directed films in 1913. Over the years, Kalem contracted various other directors such as actor-turned-directors Robert Vignola and George Melford, as well as James W. Horne, Rube Miller, William Beaudine, Harry F. Millarde, and Robert Ellis. In 1915, the company lost Sidney Olcott who left to work independently for World Film Corporation, Famous Players-Lasky, and other studios. In 1917, after having made close to 1500 motion pictures, the Kalem Company was sold to Vitagraph Studios.

References[edit] Notes ^ "Samuel Long Dead. President of Kalem Company Entered Film Business 18 Years Ago". New York Times. July 29, 1915.  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ Yarrow, Andrew L. "Chelsea: Where the Avante-garde Rubs Shoulders With Old New York" New York Times (October 16, 1987) ^ Decherney, Peter (1 September 2013). Hollywood's Copyright Wars: From Edison to the Internet. Columbia University Press. pp. 47–54. ISBN 978-0-231-15947-0.  ^ Alleman, Richard (1988), The Movie Lover's Guide to New York, New York: Harper & Row, ISBN 0060960809  p.12 Further reading Tracy, Tony (2016) Outside the System: Gene Gauntier and the Consolidation of Early American Cinema, Film History, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 71-106 Michel Derrien, Aux origines du cinéma irlandais: Sidney Olcott, le premier oeil, TIR 2013. ISBN 978-2-917681-20-6 (in French)

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kalem Company. Kalem Company filming in Ireland Kalem Company on IMDbPro (subscription required) (in French) Sidney Olcott, le premier oeil Retrieved from "" Categories: Media companies established in 1907Media companies disestablished in 1917Defunct American film studiosTime Warner subsidiariesSilent film studios1907 establishments in New York (state)1917 disestablishments in CaliforniaHidden categories: Pages using citations with accessdate and no URLCS1: Julian–Gregorian uncertaintyArticles with French-language external linksPages containing links to subscription-only contentArticles containing video clips

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EnlargeTom Moore (actor)Alice JoyceEnlargeGene GauntierJack J. ClarkFilming LocationIrelandYou Remember EllenUnited StatesFilm StudioNew York City1907 In FilmGeorge KleineFrank J. MarionMotion Picture Patents CompanyBiograph StudiosHoboken, New JerseyFilmmakerChicagoSidney OlcottEnlargeBen Hur (1907 Film)Dr. Jekyll And Mr. HydeAlice JoyceManhattan Beach, BrooklynThe Holy LandLew WallaceIrelandFilming LocationGene GauntierGeorge HollisterA Lad From Old IrelandThe Irish HoneymoonBlarney CastleGlengarriffGap Of DunloeLakes Of KillarneyDublinValentine GrantRory O'More (1911 Film)You Remember EllenThe Colleen Bawn (1911 American Film)World War IBeaufort, County KerryCounty KerryPalestine (region)From The Manger To The CrossJesusTurner Classic MoviesSilent FilmNational Film RegistryLibrary Of CongressFloridaGeorge HollisterGene GauntierJack J. ClarkRobert VignolaEnlargeWest Coast Of The United StatesWestern FilmGlendale, CaliforniaKenean BuelAlice JoyceGeorge MelfordJane WolfeFrank LanningFrancelia BillingtonSanta Monica, CaliforniaRuth RolandMarin SaisEd CoxenMarshall NeilanEssanay StudiosHollywoodSerial (film)The Hazards Of HelenFilm SeriesHelen HolmesJ. P. McGowanJ. Gunnis DavisHelen GibsonMarguerite CourtotAllan DwanMary PickfordRobert VignolaGeorge MelfordJames W. HorneWilliam BeaudineHarry F. MillardeRobert Ellis (actor, Born 1892)World Film CorporationFamous Players-LaskyVitagraph StudiosHelp:CS1 ErrorsNew York TimesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-231-15947-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0060960809International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-2-917681-20-6IMDbHelp:CategoryCategory:Media Companies Established In 1907Category:Media Companies Disestablished In 1917Category:Defunct American Film StudiosCategory:Time Warner SubsidiariesCategory:Silent Film StudiosCategory:1907 Establishments In New York (state)Category:1917 Disestablishments In CaliforniaCategory:Pages Using Citations With Accessdate And No URLCategory:CS1: Julian–Gregorian UncertaintyCategory:Articles With French-language External LinksCategory:Pages Containing Links To Subscription-only ContentCategory:Articles Containing Video ClipsDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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