Contents 1 Early life 2 Early career 2.1 The Gumm Sisters 2.2 Signed at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 2.3 The Wizard of Oz 3 Adult stardom 4 Leaving MGM 5 Later career 5.1 Appearances on Bing Crosby's radio show 5.2 Renewed stardom on the stage 5.3 Hollywood comeback 5.4 Television, concerts, and Carnegie Hall 5.5 The Judy Garland Show 5.6 Political views 6 Final years 7 Death 8 Legacy 8.1 Gay icon 8.2 Portrayals in fiction 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links


Early life[edit] Garland's birthplace in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, is now a museum Garland was born Frances Ethel Gumm on June 10, 1922, in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. She was the youngest child of Ethel Marion (née Milne) and Francis Avent "Frank" Gumm. Her parents were vaudevillians who settled in Grand Rapids to run a movie theater that featured vaudeville acts. She was of Irish, English, and Scottish ancestry,[5][6] named after both of her parents and baptized at a local Episcopal church.[7] "Baby" (as she was called by her parents and sisters)[8] shared her family's flair for song and dance. Her first appearance came at the age of two-and-a-half, when she joined her older sisters Mary Jane "Suzy/Suzanne" Gumm and Dorothy Virginia "Jimmie" Gumm on the stage of her father's movie theater during a Christmas show and sang a chorus of "Jingle Bells".[9] The Gumm Sisters performed there for the next few years, accompanied by their mother on piano.[8] The family relocated to Lancaster, California, in June 1926, following rumors that Frank Gumm had made sexual advances towards male ushers.[10] Frank purchased and operated another theater in Lancaster, and Ethel began managing her daughters and working to get them into motion pictures. Garland attended Hollywood High School and later graduated from University High School.[11]


Early career[edit] The Gumm Sisters[edit] The Gumm Sisters, also known as the Garland Sisters, circa 1935: Top row: Mary Jane and Dorothy Virginia Gumm; bottom center: Frances Ethel (Judy Garland) Gumm In 1928, the Gumm Sisters enrolled in a dance school run by Ethel Meglin, proprietress of the Meglin Kiddies dance troupe. They appeared with the troupe at its annual Christmas show.[12] Through the Meglin Kiddies, they made their film debut in a 1929 short subject called The Big Revue, where they performed a song-and-dance number called "That's the good old sunny south". This was followed by appearances in two Vitaphone shorts the following year: A Holiday in Storyland (featuring Garland's first on-screen solo) and The Wedding of Jack and Jill. They next appeared together in Bubbles. Their final on-screen appearance came in 1935, in an MGM Technicolor short entitled La Fiesta de Santa Barbara.[13] The trio had been touring the vaudeville circuit as "The Gumm Sisters" for many years when they performed in Chicago at the Oriental Theater with George Jessel in 1934. He encouraged the group to choose a more appealing name after "Gumm" was met with laughter from the audience. According to theater legend, their act was once erroneously billed at a Chicago theater as "The Glum Sisters".[14] Several stories persist regarding the origin of the name "Garland". One is that it was originated by Jessel after Carole Lombard's character Lily Garland in the film Twentieth Century, which was then playing at the Oriental; another is that the girls chose the surname after drama critic Robert Garland.[15] Garland's daughter Lorna Luft stated that her mother selected the name when Jessel announced that the trio "looked prettier than a garland of flowers".[16] A TV special was filmed in Hollywood at the Pantages Theatre premiere of A Star Is Born on September 29, 1954, in which Jessel stated: I think that I ought to tell the folks that it was I who named Judy Garland, Judy Garland. Not that it would have made any difference – you couldn't have hid[den] that great talent if you'd called her "Tel Aviv Windsor Shell", you know, but her name when I first met her was Frances Gumm and it wasn't the kind of a name that so sensitive a great actress like that should have; ... and so we called her Judy Garland, and I think she's a combination of Helen Hayes and Al Jolson, and maybe Jenny Lind and Sarah Bernhardt.[17] A later explanation surfaced when Jessel was a guest on Garland's television show in 1963. He said that he had sent actress Judith Anderson a telegram containing the word "garland" and it stuck in his mind.[18] However, Garland asked Jessel just moments later if this story was true, and he blithely replied "No". By late 1934, the Gumm Sisters had changed their name to the Garland Sisters.[19] Frances changed her name to "Judy" soon after, inspired by a popular Hoagy Carmichael song.[20] The group broke up by August 1935, when Suzanne Garland flew to Reno, Nevada, and married musician Lee Kahn, a member of the Jimmy Davis orchestra playing at Cal-Neva Lodge, Lake Tahoe.[21] Signed at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer[edit] Garland and Mickey Rooney in Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938) In September 1935, songwriter Burton Lane was asked by Louis B. Mayer to go to the Orpheum Theater in downtown Los Angeles to watch the Garland Sisters' vaudeville act and to report back to him. A few days later, Judy and her father were brought for an impromptu audition at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios in Culver City. Garland performed "Zing! Went the Strings of My Heart" and "Eli, Eli", a Yiddish song written in 1896 and very popular in vaudeville.[22] Garland was immediately signed to a contract with MGM, presumably without a screen test, though she had made a test for the studio several months earlier. The studio did not know what to do with her, as at age 13, she was older than the traditional child star, but too young for adult roles.[citation needed] Her physical appearance created a dilemma for MGM. She was only 4 feet 11.5 inches (151.1 cm), and her "cute" or "girl-next-door" looks did not exemplify the most glamorous persona required of leading ladies of the time. She was self-conscious and anxious about her appearance. "Judy went to school at Metro with Ava Gardner, Lana Turner, Elizabeth Taylor, real beauties", said Charles Walters, who directed her in a number of films. "Judy was the big money-maker at the time, a big success, but she was the ugly duckling ... I think it had a very damaging effect on her emotionally for a long time. I think it lasted forever, really."[23] Her insecurity was exacerbated by the attitude of studio chief Louis B. Mayer, who referred to her as his "little hunchback".[24] During her early years at the studio, she was photographed and dressed in plain garments or frilly juvenile gowns and costumes to match the "girl-next-door" image created for her. She was made to wear removable caps on her teeth and rubberized disks to reshape her nose.[25] During Garland's early years at MGM, she was naive and a victim of one of Hollywood's many predators; she was raped by Spencer Tracy when she was fourteen.[26][27] Garland performed at various studio functions and was eventually cast opposite Deanna Durbin in the musical-short Every Sunday. The film contrasted her vocal range and swing style with Durbin's operatic soprano and served as an extended screen test for the pair, as studio executives were questioning the wisdom of having two girl singers on the roster.[28] Mayer finally decided to keep both actresses, but by that time, Durbin's option had lapsed and she was signed by Universal Studios.[citation needed] On November 16, 1935, Garland learned that her father had been hospitalized with meningitis and had taken a turn for the worse while she was in the midst of preparing for a radio performance on the Shell Chateau Hour. Frank Gumm died the following morning at age 49, leaving her devastated at age 13. Her song for the Shell Chateau Hour was her first professional rendition of "Zing! Went the Strings of My Heart", a song which became a standard in many of her concerts.[29] Garland next came to the attention of studio executives by singing a special arrangement of "You Made Me Love You (I Didn't Want to Do It)" to Clark Gable at a birthday party held by the studio for the actor. Her rendition was so well regarded that she performed the song in the all-star extravaganza Broadway Melody of 1938 (1937), singing to a photograph of him.[30] In Love Finds Andy Hardy MGM hit on a winning formula when it paired Garland with Mickey Rooney in a string of what were known as "backyard musicals".[31] The duo first appeared together as supporting characters in the 1937 B movie Thoroughbreds Don't Cry. Garland was then put in the cast of the fourth of the Hardy Family movies as a literal girl-next-door to Rooney's character Andy Hardy, in Love Finds Andy Hardy, although Hardy's love interest was played by Lana Turner. They teamed as lead characters for the first time in Babes in Arms, ultimately appearing in five additional films, including Hardy films Andy Hardy Meets Debutante and Life Begins for Andy Hardy. Garland stated that Rooney, she, and other young performers were constantly prescribed amphetamines to stay awake to keep up with the frantic pace of making one film after another, as well as barbiturates to take before going to bed so that they could sleep.[32] This regular dose of drugs, she said, led to addiction and a lifelong struggle, and contributed to her eventual demise. She later resented the hectic schedule and felt that her youth had been stolen by MGM. Garland was of a healthy weight, but the studio demanded that she diet constantly. They even went so far as to serve her only a bowl of soup and a plate of lettuce when she ordered a regular meal.[33] She was plagued with self-doubt throughout her life, despite successful film and recording careers, awards, critical praise, and her ability to fill concert halls worldwide, and she required constant reassurance that she was talented and attractive.[34] Rooney, however, denied that their childhood studio was responsible for her addiction: "Judy Garland was never given any drugs by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Mr. Mayer didn't sanction anything for Judy. No one on that lot was responsible for Judy Garland's death. Unfortunately, Judy chose that path".[35] The Wizard of Oz[edit] Garland holding Terry (as Toto) in The Wizard of Oz (1939) In 1938, she was cast in her most memorable role, as the young Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939), a film based on the 1900 children's book by L. Frank Baum. In this film, she sang the song with which she would be identified, "Over the Rainbow". Although producers Arthur Freed and Mervyn LeRoy had wanted her from the start, studio chief Mayer first tried to borrow Shirley Temple from 20th Century Fox, but they declined. Deanna Durbin was then asked, but was unavailable, resulting in Garland being cast.[36] Garland was initially outfitted in a blonde wig for the part, but Freed and LeRoy decided against it shortly into filming. Her blue gingham dress was chosen for its blurring effect on her figure, which made her look younger.[37] Shooting commenced on October 13, 1938,[38] and was completed on March 16, 1939,[39] with a final cost of more than US$2 million.[40] With the conclusion of filming, MGM kept Garland busy with promotional tours and the shooting of Babes in Arms, directed by Busby Berkeley. Rooney and she were sent on a cross-country promotional tour, culminating in the August 17 New York City premiere at the Capitol Theater, which included a five-show-a-day appearance schedule for the two stars.[41] Garland was forced into a strict diet during filming; she was given tobacco to suppress her appetite.[42] The Wizard of Oz was a tremendous critical success, though its high budget and promotions costs of an estimated $4 million (equivalent to $70.4 million in 2018), coupled with the lower revenue generated by discounted children's tickets, meant that the film did not make a profit until it was rereleased in the 1940s and in subsequent rereleases.[43] At the 1939 Academy Awards ceremony, Garland received her only Academy Award, a Juvenile Award for her performances in 1939, including The Wizard of Oz and Babes in Arms.[44] Following this recognition, she became one of MGM's most bankable stars.[citation needed]


Adult stardom[edit] Garland sings "The Trolley Song" in Meet Me in St. Louis (1944) In 1940, she starred in three films: Andy Hardy Meets Debutante, Strike Up the Band, and Little Nellie Kelly. In the last, she played her first adult role, a dual role of both mother and daughter. Little Nellie Kelly was purchased from George M. Cohan as a vehicle for her to display both her audience appeal and her physical appearance. The role was a challenge for her, requiring the use of an accent, her first adult kiss, and the only death scene of her career.[45] The kiss was regarded as embarrassing by her costar, George Murphy. He said it felt like "a hillbilly with a child bride."[46] Nevertheless, the success of these three films and a further three films in 1941 secured her position at MGM as a major property.[citation needed] During this time, Garland experienced her first serious adult romances. The first was with bandleader Artie Shaw. She was deeply devoted to him and was devastated in early 1940 when he eloped with Lana Turner.[47] Garland began a relationship with musician David Rose, and on her 18th birthday, he gave her an engagement ring. The studio intervened because at that time, he was still married to actress and singer Martha Raye. They agreed to wait a year to allow for his divorce to become final. During that time Garland had a brief affair with songwriter Johnny Mercer. After her break-up with Mercer Garland and Rose were wed on July 27, 1941.[48] "A true rarity" is what media called it.[49] Garland, who had aborted her pregnancy by him in 1942, agreed to a trial separation in January 1943 and divorced in 1944.[50] She was noticeably thinner in her next film, For Me and My Gal, alongside Gene Kelly in his first screen appearance. She was top-billed in the credits for the first time and effectively made the transition from teenaged star to adult actress.[citation needed] Promotional image for Presenting Lily Mars (1943) At age 21, she was given the "glamor treatment" in Presenting Lily Mars, in which she was dressed in "grown-up" gowns. Her lightened hair was also pulled up in a stylish fashion. However, no matter how glamorous or beautiful she appeared on screen or in photographs, she was never confident in her appearance and never escaped the "girl-next-door" image which had been created for her.[51] One of Garland's most successful films for MGM was Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), in which she introduced three standards: "The Trolley Song", "The Boy Next Door", and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas". This was one of the first films in her career that gave her the opportunity to be the attractive leading lady, rather than the dowdy girl next door. Vincente Minnelli was assigned to direct, and he requested that makeup artist Dorothy Ponedel be assigned to Garland. Ponedel refined her appearance in several ways, including extending and reshaping her eyebrows, changing her hairline, modifying her lip line and removing her nose discs and dental caps. She appreciated the results so much that Ponedel was written into her contract for all her remaining pictures at MGM.[citation needed] At this time, Garland had a brief affair with film director Orson Welles, who was then married to Rita Hayworth. The affair ended in early 1945, although they remained on good terms afterward.[52] During the filming of Meet Me in St. Louis, after some initial conflict between them, Garland and Minnelli entered into a relationship. They were married June 15, 1945,[53] and on March 12, 1946, daughter Liza was born.[54] They were divorced by 1951.[55] The Clock (1945) was Garland's first straight dramatic film, opposite Robert Walker. Though the film was critically praised and earned a profit, most movie fans expected her to sing. She did not act again in a nonsinging dramatic role for many years. Garland's other films of the 1940s include The Harvey Girls (1946), in which she introduced the Academy Award-winning song "On the Atchison, Topeka, and the Santa Fe", and Till the Clouds Roll By (1946).[citation needed]


Leaving MGM[edit] During filming for The Pirate in April 1947, Garland suffered a nervous breakdown and was placed in a private sanitarium.[56] She was able to complete filming, but in July, she made her first suicide attempt, making minor cuts to her wrist with a broken glass.[57] During this period, she spent two weeks in treatment at the Austen Riggs Center, a psychiatric hospital in Stockbridge, Massachusetts.[58] The Pirate was released in 1948 and was the first film in which Garland had starred since The Wizard of Oz to not make a profit. The main reasons for its failure was not only its cost, but also the increasing expense of the shooting delays while Garland was ill, as well because the general public was not yet willing to accept her in a sophisticated vehicle. Following her work on The Pirate, she co-starred for the first and only time with Fred Astaire (who replaced Gene Kelly after Kelly had broken his ankle) in Easter Parade, which became her top-grossing film at MGM and quickly re-established her as one of MGM's primary assets.[citation needed] Garland in Till the Clouds Roll By (1946) Thrilled by the huge box-office receipts of Easter Parade, MGM immediately teamed Garland and Astaire in The Barkleys of Broadway. During the initial filming, Garland was taking prescription sleeping medication along with illicitly obtained pills containing morphine. Around this time, she also developed a serious problem with alcohol. These, in combination with migraine headaches, led her to miss several shooting days in a row. After being advised by her doctor that she would only be able to work in four- to five-day increments with extended rest periods between, MGM executive Arthur Freed made the decision to suspend her on July 18, 1948. She was replaced in the film by Ginger Rogers.[59] When her suspension was over, she was summoned back to work and ultimately performed two songs as a guest in the Rodgers and Hart biopic Words and Music, which was her last appearance with Mickey Rooney. Despite the all-star cast, Words and Music barely broke even at the box office. Having regained her strength, as well as some needed weight during her suspension, Garland felt much better and in the fall of 1948, she returned to MGM to replace a pregnant June Allyson for the musical film In the Good Old Summertime co-starring Van Johnson. Although she was sometimes late arriving at the studio during the making of this picture, she managed to complete it five days ahead of schedule. Her daughter Liza made her film debut at the age of two and a half at the end of the film. In The Good Old Summertime was enormously successful at the box office.[60] Garland was then cast in the film adaptation of Annie Get Your Gun in the title role of Annie Oakley. She was nervous at the prospect of taking on a role strongly identified with Ethel Merman, anxious about appearing in an unglamorous part after breaking from juvenile parts for several years, and disturbed by her treatment at the hands of director Busby Berkeley. Berkeley was staging all the musical numbers, and was severe with Garland's lack of effort, attitude, and enthusiasm. She complained to Mayer, trying to have Berkeley fired from the feature. She began arriving late to the set and sometimes failed to appear. At this time, she was also undergoing electroshock therapy for depression.[61][62][63] She was fired from the picture on May 10, 1949, and was replaced by Betty Hutton, who stepped in performing all the musical routines as staged by Berkeley.[64] Garland underwent an extensive hospital stay at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, in which she was weaned off her medication, and after a while, was able to eat and sleep normally. Garland returned to Los Angeles heavier, and in the fall of 1949, was cast opposite Gene Kelly in Summer Stock. The film took six months to complete. To lose weight, Garland went back on the pills and the familiar pattern resurfaced. She began showing up late or not at all. When principal photography on Summer Stock was completed in the spring of 1950, it was decided that Garland needed an additional musical number. She agreed to do it provided the song should be "Get Happy". In addition, she insisted that director Charles Walters choreograph and stage the number. By that time, Garland had lost 15 pounds and looked more slender. "Get Happy" was the last segment of Summer Stock to be filmed. It was her final picture for MGM. When it was released in the fall of 1950, Summer Stock drew big crowds and racked up very respectable box-office receipts, but because of the costly shooting delays caused by Garland, the film posted a loss of $80,000 to the studio.[citation needed] Garland was cast in the film Royal Wedding with Fred Astaire after June Allyson became pregnant in 1950. She failed to report to the set on multiple occasions, and the studio suspended her contract on June 17, 1950. She was replaced by Jane Powell.[65] Reputable biographies following her death stated that after this latest dismissal, she slightly grazed her neck with a broken glass, requiring only a band-aid, but at the time, the public was informed that a despondent Garland had slashed her throat.[66] "All I could see ahead was more confusion", Garland later said of this suicide attempt. "I wanted to black out the future as well as the past. I wanted to hurt myself and everyone who had hurt me."[67] In September 1950, after 15 years with the studio, Garland and MGM parted company.[68]


Later career[edit] Appearances on Bing Crosby's radio show[edit] Garland was a frequent guest on Kraft Music Hall, hosted by her friend Bing Crosby. Following Garland's second suicide attempt, Crosby, knowing that she was depressed and running out of money, invited her on to his radio show—the first of the new season—on October 11, 1950. She was standing in the wings of it trembling with fear. She was almost hysterical. She said, "I cannot go out there because they're all gonna be looking to see if there are scars and it's gonna be terrible." Bing said "What's going on?" and I told him what happened and he walked out on stage and he said: "We got a friend here, she's had a little trouble recently. You probably heard about it – Everything is fine now, she needs our love. She needs our support. She's here – let's give it to her, OK? Here's Judy." And she came out and that place went crazy. And she just blossomed. — Hal Kanter, Writer for Bing Garland made eight appearances during the 1950–51 season of The Bing Crosby – Chesterfield Show, which immediately reinvigorated her career. Soon after, she toured for four months to sellout crowds in Europe.[69] Renewed stardom on the stage[edit] Garland in a publicity still (1954) In 1951, Garland began a four-month concert tour of Britain and Ireland, where she played to sold-out audiences throughout England, Scotland, and Ireland.[70] The successful concert tour was the first of her many comebacks, with performances centered on songs by Al Jolson and revival of vaudevillian "tradition". Garland performed complete shows as tributes to Jolson in her concerts at the London Palladium in April and at New York's Palace Theater later that year. Garland said after the Palladium show: "I suddenly knew that this was the beginning of a new life ... Hollywood thought I was through; then came the wonderful opportunity to appear at the London Palladium, where I can truthfully say Judy Garland was reborn."[71] Her appearances at the Palladium lasted for four weeks, where she received rave reviews and an ovation described by the Palladium manager as the loudest he had ever heard.[72][73] Garland's engagement at the Palace Theatre in Manhattan in October 1951 exceeded all previous records for the theater and for Garland, and was called "one of the greatest personal triumphs in show business history".[74] Garland was honored with a Special Tony Award for her contribution to the revival of vaudeville.[75] Garland divorced Minnelli that same year.[76] On June 8, 1952, she married Sid Luft, her tour manager and producer, in Hollister, California.[77] Garland gave birth to Lorna Luft, herself a future actress and singer, on November 21, 1952, and to Joey Luft on March 29, 1955.[78] Hollywood comeback[edit] Garland in A Star Is Born (1954) Garland filmed a musical remake of the film A Star Is Born for Warner Bros. in 1954. Garland and Sidney Luft, her then-husband, produced the film through their production company, Transcona Enterprises, while Warner Bros. supplied the funds, production facilities, and crew.[79] Directed by George Cukor and co-starring James Mason, it was a large undertaking to which she initially fully dedicated herself.[citation needed] As shooting progressed, however, she began making the same pleas of illness that she had so often made during her final films at MGM. Production delays led to cost overruns and angry confrontations with Warner Bros. head Jack L. Warner. Principal photography wrapped on March 17, 1954. At Luft's suggestion, the "Born in a Trunk" medley was filmed as a showcase for her and inserted over director Cukor's objections, who feared the additional length would lead to cuts in other areas. It was completed on July 29.[80] Upon its world premiere on September 29, 1954, the film was met with tremendous critical and popular acclaim. Before its release, it was edited at the instruction of Jack Warner; theater operators, concerned that they were losing money because they were only able to run the film for three or four shows per day instead of five or six, pressured the studio to make additional reductions. About 30 minutes of footage were cut, sparking outrage among critics and filmgoers. Although it was still popular, drawing huge crowds and grossing over $6,000,000 in its first release, A Star is Born did not make back its cost and ended up losing money. As a result, the secure financial position Garland had expected from the profits did not materialize.[81] Transcona made no more films with Warner.[82] Garland was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress and in the run-up to the 27th Academy Awards, was generally expected to win. She could not attend the ceremony because she had just given birth to her son, Joseph Luft, so a television crew was in her hospital room with cameras and wires to broadcast her anticipated acceptance speech. The Oscar was won, however, by Grace Kelly for The Country Girl (1954). The camera crew was packing up before Kelly could even reach the stage. Groucho Marx sent her a telegram after the awards ceremony, declaring her loss "the biggest robbery since Brinks." TIME labeled her performance as "just about the greatest one-woman show in modern movie history".[83] Garland won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Musical for the role.[84] Garland's films after A Star Is Born included Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) (for which she was Oscar- and Golden Globe-nominated for Best Supporting Actress), the animated feature Gay Purr-ee (1962), and A Child Is Waiting (1963) with Burt Lancaster. Her final film was I Could Go On Singing (1963), co-starring Dirk Bogarde.[85] Television, concerts, and Carnegie Hall[edit] Garland before a concert (1957) Garland appeared in a number of television specials beginning in 1955. The first was the 1955 debut episode of Ford Star Jubilee; this was the first full-scale color broadcast ever on CBS and was a ratings triumph, scoring a 34.8 Nielsen rating. She signed a three-year, $300,000 contract with the network. Only one additional special was broadcast in 1956, a live concert-edition of General Electric Theater, before the relationship between the Lufts and CBS broke down in a dispute over the planned format of upcoming specials.[86] In 1956, Garland performed for four weeks at the New Frontier Hotel on the Las Vegas Strip for a salary of $55,000 per week, making her the highest-paid entertainer to work in Las Vegas.[87] Despite a brief bout of laryngitis, her performances there were so successful that her run was extended an extra week.[88] Later that year, she returned to the Palace Theatre, site of her two-a-day triumph. She opened in September, once again to rave reviews and popular acclaim.[89] In November 1959, Garland was hospitalized after she was diagnosed with acute hepatitis.[90] Over the next few weeks, several quarts of fluid were drained from her body until she was released from the hospital in January 1960, still in a weak condition. She was told by doctors that she likely had five years or less to live and that, even if she did survive, she would be a semi-invalid and would never sing again.[91] She initially felt "greatly relieved" at the diagnosis. "The pressure was off me for the first time in my life."[66] However, she recovered over the next several months, and in August of that year, returned to the stage of the Palladium. She felt so warmly embraced by the British that she announced her intention to move permanently to England.[92] Her concert appearance at Carnegie Hall on April 23, 1961, was a considerable highlight, called by many "the greatest night in show business history".[93] The two-record album Judy at Carnegie Hall was certified gold, charting for 95 weeks on Billboard, including 13 weeks at number one. It won four Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year and Best Female Vocal of the Year,[94] and has never been out of print.[citation needed] The Judy Garland Show[edit] Dean Martin, Garland, and Frank Sinatra (1962) In 1961, Garland and CBS settled their contract disputes with the help of her new agent, Freddie Fields, and negotiated a new round of specials. The first, entitled The Judy Garland Show, aired on February 25, 1962[95] and featured guests Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin.[96] Following this success, CBS made a $24 million offer to her for a weekly television series of her own, also to be called The Judy Garland Show, which was deemed at the time in the press to be "the biggest talent deal in TV history". Although she had said as early as 1955 that she would never do a weekly television series,[97] in the early 1960s, she was in a financially precarious situation. She was several hundred thousand dollars in debt to the Internal Revenue Service, having failed to pay taxes in 1951 and 1952, and the failure of A Star is Born meant that she received nothing from that investment.[98] A successful run on television was intended to secure her financial future.[citation needed] Following a third special, Judy Garland and Her Guests Phil Silvers and Robert Goulet, Garland's weekly series debuted September 29, 1963.[99] The Judy Garland Show was critically praised,[100][101] but for a variety of reasons (including being placed in the time slot opposite Bonanza on NBC), the show lasted only one season and was cancelled in 1964 after 26 episodes. Despite its short run, the series was nominated for four Emmy Awards, including Best Variety Series.[102] The demise of the program was personally and financially devastating for Garland.[citation needed] Political views[edit] Garland was a lifelong and relatively active Democrat. During her lifetime, she was a member of the Hollywood Democratic committee and a financial as well as moral supporter of various liberal causes, including the Civil Rights movement. She donated money to the campaigns of Democrats Franklin D. Roosevelt, Henry Wallace, Adlai Stevenson, John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy.[103][104][105][106]


Final years[edit] In 1963, Garland sued Luft for divorce on the grounds of mental cruelty. She also asserted that he had repeatedly struck her while he was drinking and that he had attempted to take their children from her by force.[107] She had filed for divorce from Luft on several previous occasions, even as early as 1956, but they had reconciled each time.[108] Mickey Deans and Garland at their London wedding in March 1969, three months before her death After her television series was cancelled, Garland returned to the stage. Most notably, she performed at the London Palladium with her 18-year-old daughter Liza Minnelli in November 1964. The concert was also shown on the British television network ITV and was one of her final appearances at the venue. She made guest appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show and The Tonight Show. Garland guest-hosted an episode of The Hollywood Palace with Vic Damone. She was invited back for a second episode in 1966 with Van Johnson as her guest. Problems with Garland's behavior ended her Hollywood Palace guest appearances.[109] A 1964 tour of Australia was largely disastrous. Garland's first concert in Sydney was held in the Sydney Stadium because no concert hall could accommodate the overflow crowds who wanted to see her. It went well and received positive reviews. Her second performance, in Melbourne, started an hour late. The crowd of 7,000 was angered by her tardiness and believed that she was drunk; they booed and heckled her, and she fled the stage after 45 minutes.[110] She later characterized the Melbourne crowd as "brutish".[111] A second concert in Sydney was uneventful, but the Melbourne appearance garnered her significant bad press.[112] Some of that bad press was deflected by the announcement of a near fatal episode of pleurisy.[citation needed] Garland's tour promoter Mark Herron announced that they had married aboard a freighter off the coast of Hong Kong. However, she was not officially divorced from Luft at the time the ceremony was performed.[113] The divorce became final on May 19, 1965,[107] and Herron and she did not legally marry until November 14, 1965; they separated six months later.[114] In February 1967, Garland was cast as Helen Lawson in Valley of the Dolls for 20th Century Fox.[115] During the filming, she missed rehearsals and was fired in April, replaced by Susan Hayward.[116] Her recording of the song "I'll Plant My Own Tree" survived, along with her stage clothes.[citation needed] Returning to the stage, Garland made her last appearances at New York's Palace Theatre in July, a 27-show stand, performing with her children Lorna and Joey Luft. She wore a sequined pantsuit on stage for this tour, which was part of the original wardrobe for her character in Valley of the Dolls.[117] By early 1969, Garland's health had deteriorated. She performed in London at the Talk of the Town nightclub for a five-week run[118] and made her last concert appearance in Copenhagen during March 1969.[119] She married her fifth and final husband, nightclub manager Mickey Deans, at Chelsea Register Office, London, on March 15, 1969,[120] her divorce from Herron having been finalized on February 11.[121]


Death[edit] On June 22, 1969, Deans found Garland dead in the bathroom of their rented mews house in Chelsea, London; she was 47 years old. At the inquest, Coroner Gavin Thurston stated that the cause of death was "an incautious self-overdosage" of barbiturates; her blood contained the equivalent of 10 1.5-grain (97 mg) Seconal capsules.[122] Thurston stressed that the overdose had been unintentional and that no evidence suggested she had committed suicide. Garland's autopsy showed no inflammation of her stomach lining and no drug residue in her stomach, which indicated that the drug had been ingested over a long period of time, rather than in one dose. Her death certificate stated that her death had been "accidental".[123] Supporting the accidental cause, her doctor noted that a prescription of 25 barbiturate pills was found by her bedside half-empty and another bottle of 100 was still unopened.[124] A British specialist who had attended her autopsy said she had nevertheless been living on borrowed time owing to cirrhosis, although a later autopsy showed no evidence of alcoholism or cirrhosis.[125][126] She died twelve days after her forty-seventh birthday. Her Wizard of Oz co-star Ray Bolger commented at her funeral, "She just plain wore out."[127] Forensic pathologist Dr. Michael Hunter believed that Garland had an eating disorder, which contributed to her death.[128] After her body had been embalmed by Desmond Henley,[129] Deans took Garland's remains to New York City on June 26, where an estimated 20,000 people lined up to pay their respects at the Frank E. Campbell Funeral Chapel in Manhattan, which remained open all night long to accommodate the overflow crowd. On June 27, James Mason gave a eulogy at the funeral, an Episcopal service led by the Rev. Peter A. Delaney of St Marylebone Parish Church, London, who had officiated at her marriage to Deans, three months prior.[130] The public and press were barred. She was interred in a crypt in the community mausoleum at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York, a small town 24 miles north of midtown Manhattan.[131] At the insistence of her children, Garland's remains were disinterred from Ferncliff Cemetery in January 2017 and re-interred 2,800 miles across the country at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles.[132]


Legacy[edit] Mickey Rooney watching Garland put her handprint into concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theatre, 1939 Star for recognition of film work at 1715 Vine Street on the Hollywood Walk of Fame: She has another for recording at 6764 Hollywood Boulevard. Garland has been called one of the greats of entertainment, and her reputation has endured.[133][134][135] The American Film Institute named her eighth among the Greatest female stars of Golden Age Hollywood cinema.[136] She has been the subject of over two dozen biographies since her death, including the well-received Me and My Shadows: A Family Memoir by her daughter, Lorna Luft, whose memoir was later adapted into the television miniseries Life with Judy Garland: Me and My Shadows, which won Emmy Awards for the two actresses portraying her (Tammy Blanchard and Judy Davis).[137] Garland was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997.[138] Several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.[139] These include "Over the Rainbow", which was ranked as the number one movie song of all time in the American Film Institute's "100 Years...100 Songs" list. Four more Garland songs are featured on the list: "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas" (No. 76), "Get Happy" (No. 61), "The Trolley Song" (No. 26), and "The Man That Got Away" (No. 11).[140] She has twice been honored on U.S. postage stamps, in 1989 (as Dorothy)[141] and again in 2006 (as Vicki Lester from A Star Is Born).[142] Gay icon[edit] Main article: Judy Garland as gay icon Garland had a large fan base in the gay community and became a gay icon.[143] Reasons given for her standing, especially among gay men, are the admiration of her ability as a performer, the way her personal struggles mirrored those of gay men in America during the height of her fame, and her value as a camp figure.[144] In the 1960s, a reporter asked how she felt about having a large gay following. She replied, "I couldn't care less. I sing to people."[145] Portrayals in fiction[edit] See also: List of Judy Garland biographies Garland has been portrayed on television by Andrea McArdle in Rainbow (1978),[146] Tammy Blanchard (young Judy) and Judy Davis (older Judy) in Life with Judy Garland: Me and My Shadows (2001),[147] and Sigrid Thornton in Peter Allen: Not The Boy Next Door (2015).[148] On stage, Garland is a character in the musical The Boy from Oz (1998), portrayed by Chrissy Amphlett in the original Australian production[149] and by Isabel Keating on Broadway in 2003.[150] End of the Rainbow (2005) featured Caroline O'Connor as Garland and Paul Goddard as Garland's pianist.[151] Adrienne Barbeau played Garland in The Property Known as Garland (2006)[152] and The Judy Monologues (2010) initially featured male actors reciting Garland's words before it was revamped as a one-woman show.[153]


See also[edit] Judy Garland discography List of recordings by Judy Garland List of Judy Garland performances List of awards and honors received by Judy Garland Biography portal Film portal Music portal


Notes[edit] ^ Louis Bayard, "Supernova", Washington Post, April 16, 2000, p. X9 ^ Scott Brogan. "The Judy Room – Easter Parade".  ^ "American Film Institute".  ^ Petersen, Anne (2014). Scandals of Classic Hollywood. New York, NY: Penguin. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-14-218067-9.  ^ "Mini Biographies of Scots and Scots Descendants – Judy Garland". ElectricScotland.com. July 1951. Retrieved January 14, 2017.  ^ Roberts, Gary Boyd (December 17, 2004). "#77 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: An Assortment of Famous Actors". American Ancestors. New England Historic Genealogical Society. Archived from the original on December 3, 2010.  ^ Schechter, Scott (2006). Judy Garland: The Day-by-Day Chronicle of a Legend. Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 9781461635550. June 19, 1922, 10 a.m.: Frances was baptized at the Episcopal Church by the rector, Robert Arthur Cowling, of Hibbing  ^ a b Fricke, John. "Judy Garland - A Brief Biography". Judygarland.com. Retrieved January 14, 2017.  ^ Shipman 1992, p. 12. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 23. ^ "Judy Garland". NNDB. Retrieved February 11, 2013.  ^ Clarke 2001, pp. 29–30. ^ Finch 1975, pp. 43–47, 76. ^ "Judy Garland, 47, Found Dead".  ^ "Judy: Beyond the Rainbow". Biography. January 1, 1999.  ^ Luft 1999, p. 26. ^ Jessel, George. "Pantages Premiere TV Special on disc 2 of A Star is Born DVD". Warner Home Video.  ^ "Episode 12". The Judy Garland Show. Season 1. Episode 12. November 1, 1963.  ^ "Program of Comedy Due – Eddie Conrad Will Head Ebell Vaudeville." Los Angeles Times. December 7, 1934. p. 15. ^ Edwards 1975, p. 27. ^ "Nuptials Turn Trio to Duet – Cupid Robs Radio Team – Suzanne Garland Flies to Reno to Become Bride of Musician." Los Angeles Times. August 15, 1935. p. A3. ^ "Yiddish Musical Theater in the United States". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved March 27, 2016.  ^ "Judy: Impressions of Garland". Omnibus. 1972.  ^ Wayne 2003, p. 204. ^ Frank 1975, p. 73. ^ https://nypost.com/2016/02/01/meet-the-sleeze-bag-agent-who-inspired-the-new-coen-bros-movie/ ^ http://filmstarfacts.com/2015/07/18/judy-garland-a-victim-of-mgms-greed/ ^ Clarke 2001, p. 73. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 58. ^ Edwards 1975, p. 47. ^ "dOc DVD Review: Mickey Rooney & Judy Garland Collection (Babes in Arms/Strike Up the Band/Babes on Broadway/Girl Crazy) (1939–1943)". Digitallyobsessed.com. April 1, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2010.  ^ "Judy Garland: By Myself". American Masters. February 25, 2004.  ^ Petersen, Anne Helen (2014). Scandals of Classic Hollywood. London: Penguin. pp. 162–163. ISBN 978-0-14-218067-9.  ^ Clarke 2001, pp. 135–36. ^ Stewart, Patrick (host). "The Lion in Winter". MGM: When the Lion Roars.  ^ Juneau 1974, p. 37. ^ Finch 1975, pp. 134–35. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 95. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 100. ^ Edwards 1975, p. 61. ^ Clarke 2001, pp. 102–03. ^ "How Judy Garland was forced to starve herself for the screen".  ^ Clarke 2001, p. 104. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 105. ^ Juneau 1974, pp. 55–56. ^ Petersen, Anne (2014). Scandals of Classic Hollywood. Plume. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-14-218067-9.  ^ Frank 1975, pp. 148–49. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 155. ^ Petersen, Anne Helen. "Judy Garland: Ugly Duckling." Scandals of Classic Hollywood. Penguin, 2014. Print. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 211. ^ Frank 1975, p. 175. ^ Leaming, Barbara. Orson Welles: A Biography.  ^ Hopper, Hedda (September 1954). "No More Tears for Judy". Woman's Home Companion.  ^ Clarke 2001, p. 223. ^ "Judy Garland Files Suit for Divorce". U.P. February 22, 1952.  ^ Edwards 1975, p. 108. ^ Frank 1975, p. 231. ^ "Judy Garland – Career Timeline | American Masters". PBS. July 7, 2004. Retrieved April 3, 2010.  ^ Shipman 1992, p. 225. ^ Clarke, Gerald (2000). Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland. Random House. p. 240.  ^ "Judy Garland's Legacy". CBS. Retrieved July 5, 2015.  ^ "Judy Garland among long list of creative figures given ECT". The Scotsman. Retrieved July 5, 2015.  ^ Fricke, John (2011). Judy: A Legendary Film Career. Running Press. p. 286.  ^ Clarke 2001, p. 255. ^ Frank 1975, p. 271. ^ a b Alexander, Shana (June 2, 1961). "Judy's New Rainbow". Life.  ^ Hyams, Joe (January 1957). "Crack-Up". Photoplay.  ^ "Judy Garland, M.G.M. Studio Call It Quits". The San Bernardino Sun. 57 (26). San Bernardino, California: The Sun Company of San Bernardino California. September 30, 1950. p. 1. Retrieved August 30, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Bing Crosby Rediscovered". American Masters. Season 28. December 26, 2014. Event occurs at 30:00 minutes in. PBS. Retrieved 2015-08-23.  ^ Frank 1975, p. 304. ^ Radano, Ronald M., editor, Music and the Racial Imagination, Univ. of Chicago Press (2000) p. 135 ^ "British Give Judy Garland Big Ovation". Associated Press. April 10, 1951.  ^ MacPherson, Virginia (April 10, 1951). "Judy Garland in Comeback with Palladium Contract". U.P.  ^ Garver, Jack (February 24, 1952). "Judy Garland Ends Triumphant Vaudeville Run". UPI.  ^ "Judy Garland". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved December 24, 2007.  ^ Juneau 1974, p. 108. ^ Garver, Jack (June 12, 1952). "Judy Garland Married With Simple Ceremony". U.P.  ^ Edwards 1975, p. 166. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 308. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 319. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 325. ^ Juneau 1974, p. 126. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 326. ^ "Judy Garland". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on January 11, 2008. Retrieved December 24, 2007.  ^ Garland, Judy; Bogarde, Dirk; Klugman, Jack; MacMahon, Aline (1963-10-11), I Could Go on Singing, retrieved 2017-01-31  ^ Sanders 1990, p. 24. ^ "Judy Garland – About Judy Garland | American Masters". PBS. July 7, 2004. Retrieved April 3, 2010.  ^ Frank 1975, pp. 420–21. ^ "Judy Reigns in Palace as Queen of New York". UPI. October 31, 1952.  ^ "Judy Garland Said To Have Hepatitis". UPI. November 26, 1959.  ^ Clarke 2001, p. 347. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 349. ^ Cox, Gordon (May 28, 2006). "Rufus Over The Rainbow". Variety. Retrieved January 23, 2014.  ^ "Grammy Awards for Judy at Carnegie Hall". The Recording Academy. Retrieved April 10, 2012.  ^ "Judy, Frank & Dean - Once in a Lifetime (1962)".  ^ Sanders 1990, p. 29. ^ Parsons, Louella (September 23, 1955). "TV Spectacular Gives New Rainbow to Judy". The Daily Review.  ^ Edwards 1975, p. 175. ^ Sanders 1990, p. 391. ^ Sanders 1990, pp. 108–109. ^ Lewis, Richard Warren (December 7, 1963). "The TV Troubles of Judy Garland". The Saturday Evening Post.  ^ "The Judy Garland Show". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on January 14, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2017.  ^ Muscio, Giulana (June 30, 2010). "Hollywood's New Deal". Temple University Press – via Google Books.  ^ "Election Campaigns - wcftr.commarts.wisc.edu". wcftr.commarts.wisc.edu.  ^ Wheeler, Mark (August 5, 2013). "Celebrity Politics". Polity – via Google Books.  ^ Jordan, David M. (December 29, 2017). "FDR, Dewey, and the Election of 1944". Indiana University Press – via Google Books.  ^ a b "Judy Wins Divorce From Sid Luft". Wisconsin State Journal. May 20, 1965.  ^ Irwin, Elson (November 17, 1968). "Judy Garland: Femme Fatale". Stars and Stripes.  ^ DiOrio, Jr. 1973, p. 202. ^ Edwards 1975, p. 213. ^ Garland, Judy (August 1967). "The Plot Against Judy Garland". Ladies' Home Journal.  ^ "Judy Garland Locks Self in Hotel Room". Stars and Stripes. UPI. May 24, 1964.  ^ Edwards 1975, p. 214. ^ Frank 1975, p. 556. ^ Seaman 1996, pp. 292–93. ^ Seaman 1996, p. 343. ^ Shipman 1992, p. 494. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 412. ^ DiOrio, Jr. 1973, p. 204. ^ Steiger 1969, p. 88. ^ Edwards 1975, p. 275. ^ Clarke 2001, p. 422. ^ "Judy Garland The Live Performances. The End of the Rainbow". Archived from the original on January 26, 2008. Retrieved February 1, 2008.  citing United Press International article "Judy Took Too Many Pills" and containing a copy of Garland's death certificate. ^ Schulberg, Bud (July 11, 1969). "A Farewell to Judy". Life. p. 27.  ^ Times Wire Services (June 24, 1969). "Judy Garland Believed Killed by Overdose". St. Petersburg Times. [dead link] ^ Fricke, John (2011). Judy: A Legendary Film Career. Running Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-7624-4368-0.  ^ "Singers: End of the Rainbow". TIME. July 4, 1969. Retrieved January 21, 2016.  ^ "Autopsy: The Last Hours of Judy Garland." Autopsy. Nar. Eric Meyers. Exec. Prod. Ed Taylor and Michael Kelpie. Reelz, 8 Jul. 2017. Television. ^ "In memoriam Desmond C. Henley". Christopher Henley Limited. Archived from the original on March 16, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014.  ^ "End of the Rainbow". TIME. July 4, 1969. Retrieved December 18, 2007.  Van Gelder, Lawrence (June 28, 1969). "Judy Garland's Funeral Draws Her Colleagues". The New York Times: Books. Retrieved August 12, 2010.  ^ "Celebrities & Notables Interred at Ferncliff". Ferncliff Cemetery. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2011.  ^ Gomez, Patrick; Mizoguchi, Karen (January 26, 2017). "Judy Garland's Remains Moved From New York Burial Place to L.A.'s Hollywood Forever Cemetery". People. Retrieved February 6, 2017.  ^ Whiteley, Chris. "Judy Garland (1922–1969)". Hollywood's Golden Age. Hollywood's Golden Age. Retrieved July 2, 2016.  ^ "STOP WHAT YOU'RE DOING RIGHT NOW AND WATCH JUDY GARLAND SING HER HEART OUT FOR THE LATE JFK". Dangerous Minds. June 4, 2015. Retrieved July 2, 2016.  ^ Carlington, Taylor. "Women's History Month Spotlight: Judy Garland". RYSE. RYSE Interactive, Inc. Retrieved July 2, 2016.  ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars". American Film Institute. June 16, 1999. Retrieved June 12, 2008.  ^ Weinraub, Bernard (November 5, 2001). "Subdued Patriotism Replaces Glitter as Television Finally Presents Its Emmys". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2009.  ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award". The Recording Academy. Retrieved December 25, 2007.  ^ "Grammy Hall of Fame Award". The Recording Academy. Archived from the original on January 22, 2011. Retrieved December 25, 2007.  ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs". American Film Institute. June 22, 2004. Retrieved December 25, 2007.  ^ Kronish, Syd (April 8, 1990). "Hollywood Film Legends Preserved on Latest Issue". The Sunday Capital. Washington, D.C.  ^ "The 2006 Commemorative Stamp Program" (Press release). United States Postal Service. November 30, 2005. Archived from the original on January 6, 2008. Retrieved December 25, 2007.  ^ Haggerty, George E. Gay Histories and Cultures. ISBN 0-8153-1880-4.  ^ Murray, Raymond (1996). Images in the Dark: An Encyclopedia of Gay and Lesbian Film and Video. TLA Video Management.  ^ "Judy Garland Biography". Active Musician. Archived from the original on March 29, 2010. Retrieved May 31, 2010. During a press conference in San Francisco in the 1960s, a reporter asked Garland if she was aware of her loyal gay following. 'I couldn't care less,' she said. 'I sing to people.'  ^ United Press International (November 4, 1978). "Star of 'Annie' plays Garland in TV version of fantasy life". The Gazette. 201: 52. Retrieved 2015-02-09.  ^ "Life with Judy Garland: Me and My Shadows (2001)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-02-09.  ^ "Meet the who's who of Channel 7's telemovie, Peter Allen: Not The Boy Next Door". Courier Mail. Courier Mail. Retrieved 2015-09-13.  ^ Allen, David (April 30, 2013). "Chrissy Amphlett – Our Most Infamous Leading Lady". AussieTheatre.com. Erin James, Matt Edwards. Retrieved 2015-02-09.  ^ Gans, Andrew (May 21, 2004). "DIVA TALK: A Chat With a Gal From Oz, Isabel Keating Plus "American Idol" Thoughts". Playbill. Playbill Inc. Retrieved 2015-02-09.  ^ Hallett, Bryce (August 5, 2005). "Garland's last days come alive". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2015-02-09.  ^ Blankenship, Mark (March 23, 2006). "Review: 'The Property Known as Garland'". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 2015-02-09.  ^ Smith, Gary (July 23, 2013). "Stories of strong women on the fringe". TheSpec.com. Metroland Media Group Ltd. Retrieved 2015-02-09. 


References[edit] Clarke, Gerald (2001). Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-375-50378-1.  DiOrio, Jr., Al (1973). Little Girl Lost: The Life and Hard Times of Judy Garland. New York: Manor Books. ISBN 0-375-50378-1.  Edwards, Anne (1975). Judy Garland. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-80228-3.  Finch, Christopher (1975). Rainbow: The Stormy Life of Judy Garland. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-25173-3.  Frank, Gerold (1975). Judy. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-011337-5.  Juneau, James (1974). Judy Garland: A Pyramid Illustrated History of the Movies. New York: Pyramid Publications. ISBN 0-515-03482-7.  Luft, Lorna (1999). Me and My Shadows: A Family Memoir. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-283-06320-3.  Petersen, Anne Helen (2004). Judy Garland: Ugly Duckling. Penguin. Sanders, Coyne Steven (1990). Rainbow's End: The Judy Garland Show. New York: Zebra Books. ISBN 0-8217-3708-2.  Seaman, Barbara (1996). Lovely Me: The Life of Jacqueline Susann. New York: Seven Stories Press. ISBN 0-9658770-6-X.  Shipman, David (1992). Judy Garland: The Secret Life of an American Legend. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-8026-0.  Steiger, Brad (1969). Judy Garland. New York: Ace Books.  Wayne, Jane Ellen (2003). The Golden Girls of MGM. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers. ISBN 0-7867-1303-8. 


External links[edit] Find more aboutJudy Garlandat Wikipedia's sister projects Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Learning resources from Wikiversity Data from Wikidata Judy Garland at Encyclopædia Britannica Judy Garland on IMDb Judy Garland at AllMovie Judy Garland at the TCM Movie Database Judy Garland at the Internet Broadway Database Judy Garland at TV Guide The Judy Garland Birthplace and Museum in Grand Rapids, MN Judy Garland: By Myself – American Masters special Judy Garland at The Biography Channel v t e Judy Garland Discography Performances Songs Awards and honors Studio albums Miss Show Business Judy Alone Judy in Love The Letter That's Entertainment! The Garland Touch Live albums Garland at the Grove Judy at Carnegie Hall Judy Garland Live! "Live" at the London Palladium Judy Garland at Home at the Palace: Opening Night Soundtracks Summer Stock A Star Is Born Gay Purr-ee I Could Go On Singing Other Biographies As gay icon Rufus Does Judy at Carnegie Hall Rufus! Rufus! Rufus! Does Judy! Judy! Judy!: Live from the London Palladium Liza Minnelli The Judy Monologues (2010 play) Awards for Judy Garland Awards and achievements Preceded by Ella Fitzgerald for Ella in Berlin: Mack the Knife Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance 1962 for Judy at Carnegie Hall Succeeded by Ella Fitzgerald for Ella Swings Brightly with Nelson Preceded by Dave Brubeck, Marvin Gaye, Georg Solti, Stevie Wonder Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award 1997 Succeeded by Bo Diddley, Mills Brothers, Roy Orbison, Paul Robeson v t e Academy Honorary Award 1928–1950 Warner Bros. / Charlie Chaplin (1928) Walt Disney (1932) Shirley Temple (1934) D. W. Griffith (1935) The March of Time / W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen / W. 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Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall / Roger Corman / Gordon Willis (2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard / Eli Wallach (2010) James Earl Jones / Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker / Hal Needham / George Stevens Jr. (2012) Angela Lansbury / Steve Martin / Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière / Hayao Miyazaki / Maureen O'Hara (2014) Spike Lee / Gena Rowlands (2015) Jackie Chan / Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland / Agnès Varda (2017) v t e Cecil B. DeMille Award Cecil B. DeMille (1952) Walt Disney (1953) Darryl F. Zanuck (1954) Jean Hersholt (1955) Jack L. Warner (1956) Mervyn LeRoy (1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier (1959) Bing Crosby (1960) Fred Astaire (1961) Judy Garland (1962) Bob Hope (1963) Joseph E. 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Wallis (1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton (1978) Lucille Ball (1979) Henry Fonda (1980) Gene Kelly (1981) Sidney Poitier (1982) Laurence Olivier (1983) Paul Newman (1984) Elizabeth Taylor (1985) Barbara Stanwyck (1986) Anthony Quinn (1987) Clint Eastwood (1988) Doris Day (1989) Audrey Hepburn (1990) Jack Lemmon (1991) Robert Mitchum (1992) Lauren Bacall (1993) Robert Redford (1994) Sophia Loren (1995) Sean Connery (1996) Dustin Hoffman (1997) Shirley MacLaine (1998) Jack Nicholson (1999) Barbra Streisand (2000) Al Pacino (2001) Harrison Ford (2002) Gene Hackman (2003) Michael Douglas (2004) Robin Williams (2005) Anthony Hopkins (2006) Warren Beatty (2007) Steven Spielberg (2009) Martin Scorsese (2010) Robert De Niro (2011) Morgan Freeman (2012) Jodie Foster (2013) Woody Allen (2014) George Clooney (2015) Denzel Washington (2016) Meryl Streep (2017) Oprah Winfrey (2018) v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical Judy Holliday (1950) June Allyson (1951) Susan Hayward (1952) Ethel Merman (1953) Judy Garland (1954) Jean Simmons (1955) Deborah Kerr (1956) Kay Kendall / Taina Elg (1957) Rosalind Russell (1958) Marilyn Monroe (1959) Shirley MacLaine (1960) Rosalind Russell (1961) Rosalind Russell (1962) Shirley MacLaine (1963) Julie Andrews (1964) Julie Andrews (1965) Lynn Redgrave (1966) Anne Bancroft (1967) Barbra Streisand (1968) Patty Duke (1969) Carrie Snodgress (1970) Twiggy (1971) Liza Minnelli (1972) Glenda Jackson (1973) Raquel Welch (1974) Ann-Margret (1975) Barbra Streisand (1976) Diane Keaton / Marsha Mason (1977) Ellen Burstyn / Maggie Smith (1978) Bette Midler (1979) Sissy Spacek (1980) Bernadette Peters (1981) Julie Andrews (1982) Julie Walters (1983) Kathleen Turner (1984) Kathleen Turner (1985) Sissy Spacek (1986) Cher (1987) Melanie Griffith (1988) Jessica Tandy (1989) Julia Roberts (1990) Bette Midler (1991) Miranda Richardson (1992) Angela Bassett (1993) Jamie Lee Curtis (1994) Nicole Kidman (1995) Madonna (1996) Helen Hunt (1997) Gwyneth Paltrow (1998) Janet McTeer (1999) Renée Zellweger (2000) Nicole Kidman (2001) Renée Zellweger (2002) Diane Keaton (2003) Annette Bening (2004) Reese Witherspoon (2005) Meryl Streep (2006) Marion Cotillard (2007) Sally Hawkins (2008) Meryl Streep (2009) Annette Bening (2010) Michelle Williams (2011) Jennifer Lawrence (2012) Amy Adams (2013) Amy Adams (2014) Jennifer Lawrence (2015) Emma Stone (2016) Saoirse Ronan (2017) v t e Grammy Award for Album of the Year 1959–1979 The Music from Peter Gunn – Henry Mancini (1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra (1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart – Bob Newhart (1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall – Judy Garland (1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader (1963) The Barbra Streisand Album – Barbra Streisand (1964) Getz/Gilberto – Stan Getz, João Gilberto (1965) September of My Years – Frank Sinatra (1966) A Man and His Music – Frank Sinatra (1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles (1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell (1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water – Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King (1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – Various (1973) Innervisions – Stevie Wonder (1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale – Stevie Wonder (1975) Still Crazy After All These Years – Paul Simon (1976) Songs in the Key of Life – Stevie Wonder (1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac (1978) Saturday Night Fever – Bee Gees/Various (1979) 1980–2000 52nd Street – Billy Joel (1980) Christopher Cross – Christopher Cross (1981) Double Fantasy – John Lennon and Yoko Ono (1982) Toto IV – Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson (1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie (1985) No Jacket Required – Phil Collins (1986) Graceland – Paul Simon (1987) The Joshua Tree – U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael (1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt (1990) Back on the Block – Quincy Jones and various artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love – Natalie Cole (1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton (1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston (1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett (1995) Jagged Little Pill – Alanis Morissette (1996) Falling into You – Celine Dion (1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan (1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill – Lauryn Hill (1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000) 2001–present Two Against Nature – Steely Dan (2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack (2002) Come Away with Me – Norah Jones (2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below – Outkast (2004) Genius Loves Company – Ray Charles and various artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb – U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way – Dixie Chicks (2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock (2008) Raising Sand – Robert Plant & Alison Krauss (2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift (2010) The Suburbs – Arcade Fire (2011) 21 – Adele (2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories – Daft Punk (2014) Morning Phase – Beck (2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift (2016) 25 – Adele (2017) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49233610 LCCN: n50015080 ISNI: 0000 0003 6851 668X GND: 11853761X SELIBR: 271878 SUDOC: 027574830 BNF: cb11958571q (data) BIBSYS: 90129948 MusicBrainz: b9348d59-b91b-423f-847b-8db155a0653b NLA: 35575228 NDL: 00620710 NKC: xx0031685 BNE: XX895000 IATH: w6057ws8 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Judy_Garland&oldid=820965466" Categories: Judy Garland1922 births1969 deathsAmerican child actressesAmerican child singersAmerican contraltosAmerican female singersAmerican film actressesAmerican radio personalitiesAmerican television actressesAmerican voice actressesAmerican tap dancersTorch singersVaudeville performersAcademy Juvenile Award winnersGrammy Award winnersGrammy Lifetime Achievement Award winnersBest Musical or Comedy Actress Golden Globe (film) winnersCecil B. DeMille Award Golden Globe winnersTony Award winnersMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract playersCapitol Records artistsDecca Records artistsJudy Garland albumsHollywood High School alumniAccidental deaths in LondonDrug-related deaths in EnglandBarbiturates-related deathsBurials at Ferncliff CemeteryBurials at Hollywood Forever CemeteryAmerican expatriates in the United KingdomAmerican people of English descentAmerican people of Irish descentAmerican people of Scottish descentPeople from Grand Rapids, MinnesotaActresses from Los AngelesActresses from MinnesotaCalifornia DemocratsNew York (state) DemocratsSingers from MinnesotaSingers from Los Angeles20th-century American Episcopalians20th-century American actresses20th-century American singers20th-century women musiciansHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from January 2017Use mdy dates from June 2016Articles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2014Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica linksArticles with IBDb linksAC with 14 elementsWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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Grand Rapids, MinnesotaChelsea, LondonUnited KingdomBarbiturate OverdoseHollywood Forever CemeteryDavid Rose (songwriter)Vincente MinnelliSidney LuftMark HerronMickey DeansLiza MinnelliLorna LuftList Of Awards And Honors Received By Judy GarlandContraltoVaudevilleMetro-Goldwyn-MayerMickey RooneyDorothy GaleThe Wizard Of Oz (1939 Film)Meet Me In St. LouisThe Harvey GirlsEaster Parade (film)Summer StockEmmy AwardThe Judy Garland ShowAcademy AwardA Star Is Born (1954 Film)Judgment At NurembergGolden Globe AwardAcademy Juvenile AwardSpecial Tony AwardCecil B. 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Went The Strings Of My HeartScreen TestWikipedia:Citation NeededGirl-next-doorAva GardnerLana TurnerElizabeth TaylorCharles WaltersThe Ugly DucklingCrown (dentistry)Spencer TracyDeanna DurbinEvery SundayUniversal StudiosWikipedia:Citation NeededMeningitisShell ChateauYou Made Me Love You (I Didn't Want To Do It)Clark GableBroadway Melody Of 1938EnlargeLove Finds Andy HardyMickey RooneyB MovieThoroughbreds Don't CryLove Finds Andy HardyLana TurnerBabes In Arms (film)Andy Hardy Meets DebutanteLife Begins For Andy HardyAmphetamineBarbiturateEnlargeTerry (dog)Toto (dog)The Wizard Of Oz (1939 Film)L. Frank BaumOver The RainbowArthur FreedMervyn LeRoyShirley Temple20th Century FoxDeanna DurbinGinghamBabes In Arms (film)Busby BerkeleyTobacco12th Academy AwardsWikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeMeet Me In St. LouisAndy Hardy Meets DebutanteStrike Up The Band (film)Little Nellie KellyGeorge M. CohanWikipedia:Citation NeededArtie ShawDavid Rose (songwriter)Martha RayeJohnny MercerTrial SeparationFor Me And My Gal (film)Gene KellyBilling (filmmaking)Wikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargePresenting Lily MarsPresenting Lily MarsThe Trolley SongThe Boy Next Door (song)Have Yourself A Merry Little ChristmasVincente MinnelliWikipedia:Citation NeededOrson WellesRita HayworthLiza MinnelliThe Clock (1945 Film)Robert Walker (actor, Born 1918)The Harvey GirlsOn The Atchison, Topeka, And The Santa FeTill The Clouds Roll ByWikipedia:Citation NeededThe Pirate (1948 Film)Mental BreakdownSanatoriumSuicideAusten Riggs CenterEaster Parade (film)Wikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeTill The Clouds Roll ByThe Barkleys Of BroadwayMedical PrescriptionMorphineMigraineGinger RogersWords And Music (1948 Film)June AllysonIn The Good Old SummertimeVan JohnsonAnnie Get Your Gun (film)Annie OakleyEthel MermanBusby BerkeleyBetty HuttonPeter Bent Brigham HospitalBoston, MassachusettsSummer StockGet Happy (song)Charles WaltersWikipedia:Citation NeededRoyal WeddingJane PowellBand-aidKraft Music HallBing CrosbyHal KanterThe Bing Crosby – Chesterfield ShowEnlargeAl JolsonLondon PalladiumPalace Theatre (New York City)Palace Theatre (Broadway)Special Tony AwardSidney LuftHollister, CaliforniaLorna LuftEnlargeA Star Is Born (1954 Film)A Star Is Born (1954 Film)A Star Is Born (1937 Film)Warner Bros.Production CompanyGeorge CukorJames MasonWikipedia:Citation NeededJack L. Warner27th Academy AwardsGrace KellyThe Country Girl (1954 Film)Groucho MarxGreat Brink's RobberyTime (magazine)Golden Globe AwardGolden Globe Award For Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical Or ComedyJudgment At NurembergGay Purr-eeA Child Is WaitingBurt LancasterI Could Go On SingingDirk BogardeEnlargeFord Star JubileeCBSNielsen RatingsGeneral Electric TheaterNew Frontier Hotel And CasinoLas Vegas StripLaryngitisHepatitisJudy At Carnegie HallMusic Recording Sales CertificationGrammy AwardGrammy Award For Album Of The YearGrammy Award For Best Female Pop Vocal PerformanceWikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeFreddie FieldsFrank SinatraDean MartinThe Judy Garland ShowInternal Revenue ServiceWikipedia:Citation NeededPhil SilversRobert GouletBonanzaNBCEmmy AwardWikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeMickey DeansITV (TV Network)The Ed Sullivan ShowThe Tonight Show Starring Johnny CarsonThe Hollywood PalaceSydney StadiumMelbournePleurisyWikipedia:Citation NeededMark HerronValley Of The Dolls (film)20th Century FoxSusan HaywardSoundtrackStage ClothesWikipedia:Citation NeededHippodrome, LondonCopenhagenMickey DeansChelsea Register OfficeMewsChelsea, LondonInquestDrug OverdoseBarbiturateGrain (unit)SecobarbitalCirrhosisRay BolgerDesmond HenleyFrank E. Campbell Funeral ChapelManhattanJames MasonSt Marylebone Parish ChurchBurialFerncliff CemeteryHartsdale, New YorkMidtown ManhattanHollywood Forever CemeteryLos AngelesEnlargeMickey RooneyGrauman's Chinese TheatreEnlargeVine St.Hollywood Walk Of FameHollywood BoulevardAmerican Film InstituteAFI's 100 Years...100 StarsList Of Judy Garland BiographiesMe And My Shadows: A Family MemoirLife With Judy Garland: Me And My ShadowsTammy BlanchardJudy DavisOver The RainbowHave Yourself A Merry Little ChristmasGet Happy (song)The Trolley SongThe Man That Got AwayJudy Garland As Gay IconGay CommunityCamp (style)List Of Judy Garland BiographiesAndrea McArdleRainbow (1978 Film)Tammy BlanchardJudy DavisLife With Judy Garland: Me And My ShadowsSigrid ThorntonPeter Allen: Not The Boy Next DoorThe Boy From OzChrissy AmphlettIsabel KeatingEnd Of The RainbowCaroline O'Connor (actress)Paul Goddard (actor)Adrienne BarbeauThe Judy MonologuesJudy Garland DiscographyList Of Recordings By Judy GarlandList Of Judy Garland PerformancesList Of Awards And Honors Received By Judy GarlandPortal:BiographyPortal:FilmPortal:MusicInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-14-218067-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781461635550NNDBBiography (TV Series)American MastersInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-14-218067-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-14-218067-9Hedda HopperWoman's Home CompanionCBSThe ScotsmanLife (magazine)Joe HyamsPhotoplayThe San Bernardino SunSan Bernardino, CaliforniaNewspapers.comOpen Access Publication – Free To ReadHollywood Foreign Press AssociationUnited Press InternationalUnited Press InternationalNational Academy Of Recording Arts And SciencesLouella ParsonsThe Daily ReviewThe Saturday Evening PostAcademy Of Television Arts & SciencesWisconsin State JournalStars And Stripes (newspaper)Ladies' Home JournalStars And Stripes (newspaper)United Press InternationalLife (magazine)Wikipedia:Link RotInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7624-4368-0People (magazine)American Film InstituteAmerican Film InstituteInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8153-1880-4United Press InternationalMontreal GazettePlaybillThe Sydney Morning HeraldVariety (magazine)Gerald Clarke (author)Get Happy: The Life Of Judy GarlandRandom HouseInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-375-50378-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-375-50378-1Anne EdwardsSimon & SchusterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-671-80228-3Ballantine BooksInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-345-25173-3Harper & RowInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-06-011337-5Pyramid BooksInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-515-03482-7Simon & SchusterInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-283-06320-3Kensington BooksInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8217-3708-2Barbara SeamanSeven Stories PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-9658770-6-XDisney HyperionInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7868-8026-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7867-1303-8Wikipedia:Wikimedia Sister ProjectsEncyclopædia BritannicaIMDbAllMovieTurner Classic MoviesInternet Broadway DatabaseTV GuideAmerican MastersThe Biography ChannelTemplate:Judy GarlandTemplate Talk:Judy GarlandJudy Garland DiscographyList Of Judy Garland PerformancesList Of Recordings By Judy GarlandList Of Awards And Honors Received By Judy GarlandMiss Show BusinessJudy (Judy Garland Album)Alone (Judy Garland Album)Judy In LoveThe Letter (Judy Garland Album)That's Entertainment! (album)The Garland TouchGarland At The GroveJudy At Carnegie HallJudy Garland Live!"Live" At The London PalladiumJudy Garland At Home At The Palace: Opening NightSummer StockA Star Is Born (1954 Film)Gay Purr-eeI Could Go On SingingList Of Judy Garland BiographiesJudy Garland As Gay IconRufus Does Judy At Carnegie HallRufus! Rufus! Rufus! Does Judy! Judy! Judy!: Live From The London PalladiumLiza MinnelliThe Judy MonologuesElla FitzgeraldElla In Berlin: Mack The KnifeGrammy Award For Best Female Pop Vocal PerformanceJudy At Carnegie HallElla FitzgeraldElla Swings Brightly With NelsonDave BrubeckMarvin GayeGeorg SoltiStevie WonderGrammy Lifetime Achievement AwardBo DiddleyMills BrothersRoy OrbisonPaul RobesonTemplate:Academy Honorary AwardTemplate Talk:Academy Honorary AwardAcademy Honorary AwardWarner Bros.Charlie ChaplinWalt DisneyShirley TempleD. W. GriffithThe March Of TimeW. Howard GreeneHarold RossonEdgar BergenW. Howard GreeneMuseum Of Modern Art Department Of FilmMack SennettWalt DisneyDeanna DurbinMickey RooneyGordon JenningsJan DomelaFarciot EdouartLoyal GriggsLoren L. RyderLouis MesenkopOliver T. MarshHarry WarnerDouglas FairbanksWilliam Cameron MenziesMotion Picture & Television FundJean HersholtRalph MorganRalph BlockConrad NagelTechnicolor SABob HopeNathan LevinsonWalt DisneyWilliam GarityRCALeopold StokowskiMinistry Of Information (United Kingdom)Charles BoyerNoël CowardMetro-Goldwyn-MayerGeorge PalBob HopeMargaret O'BrienDaniel J. BloombergWalter WangerThe House I Live In (1945 Film)Peggy Ann GarnerHarold RussellLaurence OlivierErnst LubitschClaude Jarman Jr.James BaskettThomas ArmatWilliam Nicholas SeligAlbert E. Smith (producer)George Kirke SpoorBill And CooShoeshine (film)Walter WangerMonsieur VincentSid GraumanAdolph ZukorJean HersholtFred AstaireCecil B. DeMilleBicycle ThievesLouis B. MayerGeorge MurphyThe Walls Of MalapagaGene KellyRashomonMerian C. CooperBob HopeHarold LloydJoseph M. SchenckForbidden Games20th Century FoxBell & HowellJoseph BreenPete Smith (film Producer)Bausch & LombDanny KayeGreta GarboJon WhiteleyVincent WinterGate Of Hell (film)Samurai I: Musashi MiyamotoEddie CantorSociety Of Motion Picture And Television EngineersBroncho Billy AndersonCharles BrackettB. B. KahaneMaurice ChevalierBuster KeatonLee De ForestGary CooperStan LaurelHayley MillsWilliam L. HendricksJerome RobbinsWilliam J. TuttleBob HopeYakima CanuttY. Frank FreemanArthur FreedJohn Chambers (make-up Artist)Onna WhiteCary GrantLillian GishOrson WellesCharlie ChaplinEdward G. RobinsonHenri LangloisGroucho MarxHoward HawksJean RenoirMary PickfordMargaret BoothWalter LantzLaurence OlivierKing VidorMuseum Of Modern ArtAlec GuinnessHenry FondaBarbara StanwyckMickey RooneyHal RoachJames StewartNational Endowment For The ArtsPaul NewmanAlex NorthRalph BellamyKodakNational Film Board Of CanadaAkira KurosawaSophia LorenMyrna LoySatyajit RayFederico FelliniDeborah KerrMichelangelo AntonioniKirk DouglasChuck JonesMichael KiddStanley DonenElia KazanAndrzej WajdaJack CardiffErnest LehmanSidney PoitierRobert RedfordPeter O'TooleBlake EdwardsSidney LumetRobert AltmanEnnio MorriconeRobert F. BoyleLauren BacallRoger CormanGordon WillisKevin BrownlowJean-Luc GodardEli WallachJames Earl JonesDick Smith (make-up Artist)D. A. PennebakerHal NeedhamGeorge Stevens Jr.Angela LansburySteve MartinPiero TosiJean-Claude CarrièreHayao MiyazakiMaureen O'HaraSpike LeeGena RowlandsJackie ChanLynn StalmasterAnne V. CoatesFrederick WisemanCharles Burnett (director)Owen RoizmanDonald SutherlandAgnès VardaTemplate:Cecil B. DeMille AwardTemplate Talk:Cecil B. DeMille AwardGolden Globe Cecil B. DeMille AwardCecil B. DeMilleWalt DisneyDarryl F. ZanuckJean HersholtJack L. WarnerMervyn LeRoyBuddy AdlerMaurice ChevalierBing CrosbyFred AstaireBob HopeJoseph E. LevineJames StewartJohn WayneCharlton HestonKirk DouglasGregory PeckJoan CrawfordFrank SinatraAlfred HitchcockSamuel GoldwynBette DavisHal B. WallisWalter MirischRed SkeltonLucille BallHenry FondaGene KellySidney PoitierLaurence OlivierPaul NewmanElizabeth TaylorBarbara StanwyckAnthony QuinnClint EastwoodDoris DayAudrey HepburnJack LemmonRobert MitchumLauren BacallRobert RedfordSophia LorenSean ConneryDustin HoffmanShirley MacLaineJack NicholsonBarbra StreisandAl PacinoHarrison FordGene HackmanMichael DouglasRobin WilliamsAnthony HopkinsWarren BeattySteven SpielbergMartin ScorseseRobert De NiroMorgan FreemanJodie FosterWoody AllenGeorge ClooneyDenzel WashingtonMeryl StreepOprah WinfreyTemplate:Golden Globe Award Best Actress Motion Picture Musical Or ComedyTemplate Talk:Golden Globe Award Best Actress Motion Picture Musical Or ComedyGolden Globe Award For Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy Or MusicalJudy HollidayJune AllysonSusan HaywardEthel MermanJean SimmonsDeborah KerrKay KendallTaina ElgRosalind RussellMarilyn MonroeShirley MacLaineRosalind RussellRosalind RussellShirley MacLaineJulie AndrewsJulie AndrewsLynn RedgraveAnne BancroftBarbra StreisandPatty DukeCarrie SnodgressTwiggyLiza MinnelliGlenda JacksonRaquel WelchAnn-MargretBarbra StreisandDiane KeatonMarsha MasonEllen BurstynMaggie SmithBette MidlerSissy SpacekBernadette PetersJulie AndrewsJulie WaltersKathleen TurnerKathleen TurnerSissy SpacekCherMelanie GriffithJessica TandyJulia RobertsBette MidlerMiranda RichardsonAngela BassettJamie Lee CurtisNicole KidmanMadonna (entertainer)Helen HuntGwyneth PaltrowJanet McTeerRenée ZellwegerNicole KidmanRenée ZellwegerDiane KeatonAnnette BeningReese WitherspoonMeryl StreepMarion CotillardSally HawkinsMeryl StreepAnnette BeningMichelle Williams (actress)Jennifer LawrenceAmy AdamsAmy AdamsJennifer LawrenceEmma StoneSaoirse RonanTemplate:Grammy Award For Album Of The YearTemplate Talk:Grammy Award For Album Of The YearGrammy Award For Album Of The YearThe Music From Peter GunnHenry ManciniCome Dance With Me! (album)Frank SinatraThe Button-Down Mind Of Bob NewhartBob NewhartJudy At Carnegie HallThe First Family (album)Vaughn MeaderThe Barbra Streisand AlbumBarbra StreisandGetz/GilbertoStan GetzJoão GilbertoSeptember Of My YearsFrank SinatraA Man And His MusicFrank SinatraSgt. 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