Contents 1 Nationality 2 Voyages 3 Namesakes and commemorations 4 San Salvador replica 5 Footnotes 6 References 7 External links

Nationality[edit] Cabrillo's nationality – Portuguese or Spanish – has been debated for centuries. He was described as Portuguese by Spanish chronicler Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas; in his Historia General de los hechos de los Castellanos en las Islas y tierra firme del Mar Oceano, written 60 years after Cabrillo's death, Herrera referred to Cabrillo as Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo Português.[3][4] Several locations in Portugal claim to be his birthplace (e.g. Lapela (Cabril), Portugal). However, the source for Herrera's description is unknown. Some historians have long believed that Cabrillo was from Spain, and a document discovered in 2015 gave strength to that opinion. A witness from a 1532 lawsuit, named Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, testified under oath that he was born in Palma de Micergilio (Palma del Río, Córdoba, Spain), a town in the province of Córdoba in Spain. Other details of the witness's biography match known facts about the explorer. A leader of San Diego's Portuguese community cautioned that the new evidence must be carefully evaluated, and requested that copies of the documents be turned over to the Portuguese government for study.[5] Lapela, in the parish of Cabril and a municipality of Montalegre (Portugal), is the region where allegedly the nickname Cabrilha originated. It became the surname Cabrilho and was pronounced at the time Cabrilhe in Galician and Cabrillo in Spanish, according to the historian João Soares Tavares, biographer of João Rodrigues Cabrilho. The name still exists in Portugal as a surname, and several localities named Cabril in Beira Alta and neighboring regions as Castro Daire, Viseu or Pampilhosa da Serra have also claimed as Cabrillo's birthplace. In Lapela stands an ancient house called today by local people and alleged local descendants of branches of his ancient family with the same surname (Rodrigues Cabrilho), Casa do "Galego" (House of the "Galician") and Casa do "Americano" (House of the "American") where local tradition claims that he was born, as stated on a plaque on a statue of Cabrillo.[6][7]

Voyages[edit] Cabrillo shipped for Havana as a young man and joined forces with Hernán Cortés in Mexico (then called New Spain). Later, his success in mining gold in Guatemala made him one of the richest of the conquistadores in Mexico.[8] According to his biographer Harry Kelsey, he took an indigenous woman as his common-law wife and sired several children, including at least three daughters.[8] Later he married Beatriz Sanchez de Ortega in Seville during a hiatus in Spain. She returned to Guatemala with him and bore him two sons.[9] Cabrillo benefited from the encomienda system that enslaved the Native peoples of the Americas. In Honduras, for example, he broke up families, sending the men to the mines for gold and to the forest to harvest materials he needed for ship building. The women and girls he gave over to his soldiers and sailors, presumably as slaves.[10] He accompanied Francisco de Orozco to subdue the indigenous Mixtec people at what would eventually become the city of Oaxaca, in Mexico.[11] Little is known of what Cabrillo did there. In 1539, Francisco de Ulloa, who had been commissioned by Cortés, discovered the Gulf of California and reached nearly as far north as the 30th parallel.[12] Cabrillo was then commissioned by the new Viceroy of New Spain, Antonio de Mendoza, to lead an expedition up the Pacific coast in search of trade opportunities, perhaps to find a way to China (for the full extent of the northern Pacific was unknown) or to find the mythical Strait of Anián (or Northwest Passage) connecting the Pacific Ocean with Hudson Bay.[citation needed] Cabrillo built and owned the flagship of his venture (two or three ships), and stood to profit from any trade or treasure.[13] The Cabrillo National Monument in San Diego, California In 1540 the fleet sailed from Acajutla, El Salvador, and reached Navidad, Mexico on Christmas Day. While in Mexico, Pedro de Alvarado went to the assistance of the town of Nochistlán, which was under siege by hostile natives, and was killed when his horse fell on him, crushing his chest. Following Alvarado's death, the viceroy took possession of Alvarado's fleet. Part of the fleet was sent off to the Philippine Islands under Ruy Lopez de Villalobos and two of the ships were sent north under the command of Cabrillo. On June 27, 1542, Cabrillo set out from Navidad with three ships: the 200-ton galleon and flagship San Salvador, the smaller La Victoria (c. 100 tons), and the lateen-rigged, twenty-six oared "fragata" or "bergantin" San Miguel.[14] On August 1, Cabrillo anchored within sight of Cedros Island. Before the end of the month they had passed Baja Point (named "Cabo del Engaño" by de Ulloa in 1539) and entered "uncharted waters, where no Spanish ships had been before".[15] On September 28, he landed in what is now San Diego Bay and named it "San Miguel".[16] A little over a week later he reached Santa Catalina Island (October 7), which he named "San Salvador", after his flagship.[17] On sending a boat to the island "a great crowd of armed Indians appeared" — whom, however, they later "befriended". Nearby San Clemente Island was named "Victoria", in honor of the third ship of the fleet. The next morning, October 8, Cabrillo came to San Pedro Bay, which was named "Baya de los Fumos" (English: Smoke Bay). The following day they anchored overnight in Santa Monica Bay. Going up the coast Cabrillo saw Anacapa Island, which they learned from the Indians was uninhabited. The fleet spent the next week in the islands, mostly anchored in Cuyler Harbor, a bay on the northeastern coast of San Miguel Island. On October 18 the expedition saw Point Conception, which they named "Cabo de Galera". Cabrillo's expedition recorded the names of numerous Chumash villages on the California coast and adjacent islands in October 1542 — then located in the two warring provinces of Xexo (ruled by an "old woman", now Santa Barbara County, California) and Xucu (now Ventura County, California).[citation needed] On November 13 they sighted and named "Cabo de Piños" (possibly either Point Pinos or Point Reyes), but missed the entrance to San Francisco Bay, a lapse that mariners would repeat for the next two centuries and more. The expedition reached as far north as the Russian River before autumn storms forced them to turn back. Coming back down the coast, Cabrillo entered Monterey Bay, naming it "Bahia de Los Piños".[18] On November 23, 1542, the little fleet arrived back in "San Salvador" (Santa Catalina Island) to overwinter and make repairs. There, around Christmas Eve, Cabrillo stepped out of his boat and splintered his shin when he stumbled onto a jagged rock while trying to rescue some of his men from attacking Tongva warriors. The injury became infected and developed gangrene, and he died on January 3, 1543 and was buried. A possible headstone was later found on San Miguel Island. His second-in-command brought the remainder of the party back to Navidad, where they arrived April 14, 1543.[19] A notary's official report of Cabrillo's expedition was lost; all that survives is a summary of it made by another investigator, Andrés de Urdaneta, who also had access to ships' logs and charts.[citation needed] No printed account of Cabrillo's voyage appeared before historian Antonio de Herrera's account early in the 17th century.[citation needed]

Namesakes and commemorations[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Plaque placed at Cabrillo National Monument in 1935 by the Portuguese ambassador to the United States His discoveries went largely unnoticed at the time, so none of his place names were permanently adopted. Despite this, Cabrillo is now remembered as the first European to travel the California coast, and many parks, schools, buildings and streets in California bear his name. Most notably, the National Park Service operates Cabrillo National Monument, overlooking the bay and ocean from Point Loma in San Diego, commemorating his first landing in California and offering views of San Diego and the Pacific Ocean. The monument features a larger-than-life statue of Cabrillo, donated by the government of Portugal,[20] as well as a plaque honoring him donated in 1935 by the Portuguese ambassador to the United States.[21] A museum in the park focuses on Cabrillo and his voyages of discovery. Every September Cabrillo Festival Inc. hosts the Cabrillo Festival, an annual three-day celebration of his discovery of San Diego Bay, including a re-enactment of his landing at Ballast Point.[22][23] In the state of California, September 28 is officially "Cabrillo Day".[24] A civic organization of Portuguese-Americans primarily in California is called the Cabrillo Club.[25] In northern California, the Point Cabrillo Light is named after him. San Pedro, part of the city of Los Angeles, has Cabrillo Beach and the Cabrillo Marine Museum. Schools named for him include Cabrillo College in Aptos, California, high schools in Lompoc and Long Beach, and several middle and elementary schools. The portion of California State Route 1 that runs from Las Cruces in Santa Barbara County north to San Francisco is called the Cabrillo Highway. The Cabrillo Bridge and Cabrillo Freeway (California State Route 163) running through San Diego's Balboa Park are also named for him. There are streets named for him in many cities in California. The SS Cabrillo was a wooden steamer launched in 1914 to serve as a ferry across the San Pedro Channel to Santa Catalina Island. It was later requisitioned by the United States Army and served as a troop transport in northern California during World War II.[26] In 1992, the United States Postal Service issued a 29¢ stamp in honor of Cabrillo.[27]

San Salvador replica[edit] The Maritime Museum of San Diego, in partnership with Cabrillo National Monument, has built a full-sized, fully functional, and historically accurate replica of Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo’s flagship, San Salvador. The construction of the replica was based on historical and archeological research into early Spanish and Portuguese shipbuilding techniques. The construction was carried out in full public view on the shores of San Diego Bay by professional boat builders, assisted by scores of volunteers. Her keel was laid in April 2011; her first official public unveiling was in September 2015 when she led a parade of tall ships. The replica ship now sails on regular tours in the waters of the Southern California coast as an educational historical resource.[28]

Footnotes[edit] ^ Dozier, Deborah. "Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo". Palomar College (1999). Retrieved 20 January 2014.  ^ "Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo". The Historical Society of Southern California. December 3, 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2014.  ^ Hererra y Todesillas, Antonio de (1601–1615). Historia general de los hechos de los castellanos en las Islas i Tierra firme del Mar Océano. Madrid: En la Empr. Real.  ^ Moriarty, James Robert (1978). Explorers of the Baja and California Coasts. Cabrillo Historical Association. p. 52.  ^ "Was Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo from Spain?". San Diego Union Tribune. September 14, 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2018.  ^ [1] João Rodrigues Cabrilho : Um Homem do Barroso? / João Soares Tavares ^ [2] Diário do Alto Tâmega e Barroso, João Soares Tavares (in Portuguese) ^ a b "Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo". Spartacus Educational. Archived from the original on 2 April 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.  ^ "Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo (? - 1543)". San Diego History Center. Retrieved 1 April 2013.  ^ Dozier, Deborah (1999) ^ An Account of the Voyage of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo. San Diego, CA: Cabrillo National Monument Foundation. 1999. pp. 10–11. ISBN 0-941032-07-8.  ^ Engstrand, Iris, and Harry Kelsey, "Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo and the Building of the San Salvador," Mains'l Haul: A Journal of Pacific Maritime History, vol. 45, Winter/Spring 2009, pp. 36, 39-40 ^ Linder, Bruce, San Salvador: Cabrillo's Galleon of Discovery, Maritime Museum of San Diego, 2011, p. 51. ^ Kelsey (1986), p. 123. ^ Kelsey (1986), pp. 131-33. ^ Kelsey (1986), p. 143. ^ Kelsey (1986), pp. 144, 150. Catalina was also called "Capitana", "Juan Rodriquez", or "La Posesión". ^ Kelsey (1986), pp. 145-55. ^ Kelsey (1986), p. 159, p. 161. ^ Crawford, Richard (August 3, 2008). "Cabrillo statue's journey to San Diego marked by legal twists". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 19 December 2012.  ^ Rowe, Peter (October 13, 2013). "Cabrillo National Monument at 100". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 13 October 2013.  ^ "Cabrillo Festival". Cabrillo National Monument. Retrieved 19 December 2012.  ^ Cabrillo Festival Inc. ^ California Government Code, Section 6708. ^ "Cabrillo Civic Clubs of California". Archived from the original on 2013-08-22. Retrieved 28 Sep 2014.  ^ Courtney, Kevin (September 13, 2009). "The ghost ship of Carneros". Napa Valley Register. Retrieved 26 September 2017.  ^ Colnect, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo. Accessed 2009.09.28. ^ "San Salvador". Maritime Museum of San Diego. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 

References[edit] Kelsey, Harry. 1986. Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo. The Huntington Library, San Marino Cabrillo National Monument Foundation. 1999 "An Account of the Voyage of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo." Tavares, João Soares, 1998, " João Rodrigues Cabrilho um Homem do Barroso?",Lisboa, Portugal Tavares, João Soares, 2009, "Montalegre e o descobridor da Costa da Califórnia", Editora Cidade Berço, Guimarães, Portugal

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo (João Rodrigues Cabrilho). Instituto Camões Cabrillo National Monument San Salvador build site at the Maritime Museum of San Diego Port of San Diego Celebrates Milestone in Construction of Historic Ship Replica Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 1154194 LCCN: n80025760 ISNI: 0000 0000 7872 523X GND: 131767437 SUDOC: 028937465 BNF: cb120669803 (data) SNAC: w6qn7c1j Retrieved from "íguez_Cabrillo&oldid=831338433" Categories: 1500s births1543 deathsPortuguese explorersPortuguese explorers of North AmericaPortuguese explorers of the Pacific16th-century explorersPeople of New Spain16th-century Portuguese peopleExplorers of the United StatesNavigatorsThe CaliforniasChannel Islands of CaliforniaPre-statehood history of California1540s in Mexico1542 in New SpainSpain in the Age of DiscoveryPortugal in the Age of DiscoveryHidden categories: Articles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2011Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014Articles with unsourced statements from September 2009Articles needing additional references from September 2017All articles needing additional referencesWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersYear of birth missing

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages العربيةБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎БългарскиCatalàČeštinaDanskDeutschEspañolEsperantoFrançais한국어ÍslenskaItalianoעבריתქართულიКыргызчаLatinaLietuviųMirandésNederlands日本語NorskPolskiPortuguêsРусскийSlovenčinaSuomiSvenskaTürkçeУкраїнська Edit links This page was last edited on 20 March 2018, at 02:08. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.360","walltime":"0.448","ppvisitednodes":{"value":2361,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":43258,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":3339,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":20,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":5,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":0,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":19894,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 405.507 1 -total"," 33.08% 134.134 1 Template:Reflist"," 24.94% 101.143 1 Template:Infobox_person"," 20.77% 84.239 4 Template:Citation_needed"," 18.77% 76.095 4 Template:Fix"," 16.38% 66.437 7 Template:Cite_web"," 15.33% 62.153 1 Template:Infobox"," 10.28% 41.694 8 Template:Category_handler"," 7.46% 30.244 4 Template:Delink"," 6.62% 26.850 5 Template:Br_separated_entries"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.182","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":5266262,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1341","timestamp":"20180320020823","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":73,"wgHostname":"mw1248"});});

Juan_Rodríguez_Cabrillo - Photos and All Basic Informations

Juan_Rodríguez_Cabrillo More Links

Oregon FilesJuan Cabrillo (character)Santa Catalina Island (California)CaliforniaPortuguese LanguageWest Coast Of North AmericaSpanish EmpireCaliforniaPortuguese PeopleSpaniardsAntonio De Herrera Y TordesillasPalma Del RíoProvince Of Córdoba (Spain)MontalegrePortugalBeira Alta ProvinceHavanaHernán CortésMexicoNew SpainGuatemalaConquistadorEncomiendaMixtecOaxaca, OaxacaFrancisco De UlloaGulf Of CaliforniaViceroyalty Of New SpainAntonio De MendozaWest Coast Of The United StatesNorthwest PassageHudson BayWikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeCabrillo National MonumentAcajutlaEl SalvadorBarra De Navidad, JaliscoPedro De AlvaradoNochistlánPhilippine IslandsRuy Lopez De VillalobosGalleonSan Salvador (Cabrillo's Ship)LateenCedros IslandSan Diego BaySanta Catalina Island, CaliforniaSan Clemente IslandSan Pedro Bay (California)Santa Monica BayAnacapa IslandSan Miguel IslandPoint ConceptionChumash PeopleSanta Barbara County, CaliforniaVentura County, CaliforniaWikipedia:Citation NeededPoint PinosPoint ReyesSan Francisco BayRussian River (California)Monterey BayTongvaGangreneAndrés De UrdanetaWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalEnlargeNational Park ServiceCabrillo National MonumentPoint Loma, San DiegoSan DiegoPortugalSan Diego BayPoint Cabrillo LightSan Pedro, Los AngelesLos AngelesCabrillo BeachCabrillo Marine MuseumCabrillo CollegeAptos, CaliforniaCabrillo High School (Lompoc, California)Cabrillo High School (Long Beach, California)California State Route 1Las Cruces, CaliforniaSanta Barbara County, CaliforniaSan FranciscoCabrillo BridgeCalifornia State Route 163Balboa Park (San Diego)SS CabrilloUnited States Postal ServiceMaritime Museum Of San DiegoCabrillo National MonumentSan Salvador (Cabrillo's Ship)Southern CaliforniaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-941032-07-8Help:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceSNACHelp:CategoryCategory:1500s BirthsCategory:1543 DeathsCategory:Portuguese ExplorersCategory:Portuguese Explorers Of North AmericaCategory:Portuguese Explorers Of The PacificCategory:16th-century ExplorersCategory:People Of New SpainCategory:16th-century Portuguese PeopleCategory:Explorers Of The United StatesCategory:NavigatorsCategory:The CaliforniasCategory:Channel Islands Of CaliforniaCategory:Pre-statehood History Of CaliforniaCategory:1540s In MexicoCategory:1542 In New SpainCategory:Spain In The Age Of DiscoveryCategory:Portugal In The Age Of DiscoveryCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From December 2011Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2018Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From March 2014Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From September 2009Category:Articles Needing Additional References From September 2017Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersCategory:Year Of Birth MissingDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link