Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 3 Legacy 4 References 5 External links


Early life[edit] Of Huguenot descent, he was born in Liberty County, Georgia to Louis Le Conte, patriarch of the noted LeConte family, and Ann Quarterman.[1] He was educated at Franklin College in Athens, Georgia (now the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Georgia) where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society. After graduation in 1841, he studied medicine and received his degree at the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1845.[2] (In 1844 he travelled with his cousin John Lawrence LeConte for over one thousand miles along the Upper Mississippi River in a birchbark canoe.[3]) After practising for three or four years at Macon, Georgia, he entered Harvard University, and studied natural history under Louis Agassiz.[2] An excursion made with Professors J. Hall and Agassiz to the Helderberg mountains of New York developed a keen interest in geology.


Career[edit] After graduating at Harvard, Le Conte in 1851 accompanied Agassiz on an expedition to study the Florida Reef.[2] On his return he became professor of natural science in Oglethorpe University which was located in Midway, Georgia at the time;[4] and from December 1852 until 1856 professor of natural history and geology at Franklin College.[2] From 1857 to 1869 he was a professor of chemistry and geology at South Carolina College, which is now the University of South Carolina. On January 14, 1846, he married Caroline Nisbet, a niece of Eugenius A. Nisbet. The Le Conte(s) had four children grow to adulthood: Emma Florence Le Conte, Sarah Elizabeth Le Conte, Caroline Eaton Le Conte, and Joseph Nisbet Le Conte. During the Civil War Le Conte continued to teach in South Carolina. He also produced medicine and supervised the niter works (to manufacture explosives) for the Confederacy. In his autobiography he wrote that he found Reconstruction intolerable. He referred to "a carpet-bag governor, scalawag officials, and a negro legislature controlled by rascals" and stated that the "sudden enfranchisement of the negro without qualification was the greatest political crime ever perpetrated by any people". He later found the enfranchisement of the negro to be an asset to society.[5] Discouraged by unsettled postwar conditions at the University of South Carolina, in 1868 he accepted an offer of a professorship at the newly established University of California. In September 1869, he moved west to Berkeley, California.[4] His older brother John had come to California in April 1869, also to join the faculty of the new University as a professor of physics. Joseph was appointed the first professor of geology and natural history and botany at the University, a post which he held until his death. He published a series of papers on monocular and binocular vision, and also on psychology.[2] His chief contributions, however, related to geology. He described the fissure-eruptions in western America, discoursed on earth-crust movements and their causes and on the great features of the Earth's surface.[2] As separate works he published Elements of Geology (1878, 5th ed. 1889); Religion and Science (1874); and Evolution and its Relation to Religious Thought (1888). This last work anticipates in structure and argument Teilhard de Chardin's "Phenomenon of Man."(1955).[6]


Legacy[edit] In 1874, he was nominated to the National Academy of Sciences.[7] He was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1892,[7] and of the Geological Society of America in 1896. Le Conte is also noted for his exploration and preservation of the Sierra Nevada of California, United States. He first visited Yosemite Valley in 1870, where he became friends with John Muir and started exploring the Sierra.[7] He became concerned that resource exploitation (such as sheepherding) would ruin the Sierra, so he co-founded the Sierra Club with Muir and others in 1892.[7] He was a director of the Sierra Club from 1892 through 1898. His son, Joseph N. LeConte, was also a noted professor and Sierra Club member. He died of a heart attack in the Yosemite Valley, California, on July 6, 1901, right before the Sierra Club's first High Trip.[8][9][3] The Sierra Club built the LeConte Memorial Lodge in his honor in 1904. The Le Conte Glacier, Le Conte Canyon, Le Conte Divide, Le Conte Falls and Mount Le Conte were named after him.[10] LeConte Hall, which houses the Department of History at the University of Georgia, was named for him and his brother.[11] LeConte College, which houses the Department of Mathematics and Statistics near the Horseshoe at the University of South Carolina, Le Conte Middle School in Hollywood, LeConte Hall on the UC Berkeley campus, Le Conte Avenue in Berkeley, and Le Conte Avenue bordering the south of UCLA were also named after him.[12] He is buried in Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland, California.[13] In 2017, the Berkeley school board agreed to remove LeConte's name from an elementary school due to his support of slavery and the Confederacy, at the request of parents.[14]


References[edit] ^ "LeConte family". New Georgia Encyclopedia. 2003.  ^ a b c d e f  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Le Conte, Joseph". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  ^ a b Stevenson, J.J. (1902). "Obituary". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. xiv: 150–151. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1901.tb55052.x.  ^ a b Reed, Thomas Walter (1949). History of the University of Georgia. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia. pp. 401–405.  ^ LeConte, Joseph (1903). Autobiography of Joseph LeConte. p. 238.  ^ Birch, Charles, "Participatory Evolution: the Drive of Creation," Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 40:147-163 (June 1972) Archived 2008-07-06 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d "Joseph LeConte: Scientist and Savant". Sierra Club History. Sierra Club. Retrieved 2007-09-13.  ^ Godfrey, Elizabeth H. (April 1946). "Joseph N. LeConte" (PDF). Yosemite Nature Notes. 25 (4): 66–69.  ^ Silliman, Benjamin (1901). "Obituary". American Journal of Science. 12: 248.  ^ Farquhar, F.P. (1926). Place Names of the High Sierra. Mountaineers.  ^ "UGA Alumni Heritage". 2015-10-29. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.  ^ "The impact of Joseph LeConte (1869-1901)". UC Berkeley. 2010-04-11.  ^ "Joseph LeConte". Find A Grave. 2013-04-05.  ^ http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Berkeley-school-board-to-decide-on-stripping-12361039.php


External links[edit] Wikisource has original works written by or about: Joseph LeConte Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joseph LeConte. The Autobiography of Joseph Le Conte. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1903. A Journal of Ramblings through the High Sierras of California, by Joseph LeConte "Reminiscences of Joseph LeConte" by John Muir (1901) The Joseph LeConte Group of the Sierra Club, in Athens, Georgia Phillip C. Cato, "The Evolutionary Theology of Joseph LeConte." (Ph.D. dissertation, Emory University, 1977) U.S. National Academy of Sciences biography of Dr. Joseph LeConte LeConte Memorial Lodge in Yosemite Valley, a national historic landmark National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir v t e Presidents of the Geological Society of America 1889–1900 James Hall (1889) James Dwight Dana (1890) Alexander Winchell (1891) Grove Karl Gilbert (1892) John William Dawson (1893) Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin (1894) Nathaniel Shaler (1895) Joseph LeConte (1896) Edward Orton Jr. (1897) J. J. Stevenson (1898) Benjamin Kendall Emerson (1899) George Mercer Dawson (1900) 1901–1925 Charles Doolittle Walcott (1901) Newton Horace Winchell (1902) Samuel Franklin Emmons (1903) John Casper Branner (1904) Raphael Pumpelly (1905) Israel Russell (1906) Charles R. Van Hise (1907) Samuel Calvin (1908) Grove Karl Gilbert (1909) Arnold Hague (1910) William Morris Davis (1911) Herman LeRoy Fairchild (1912) Eugene Allen Smith (1913) George Ferdinand Becker (1914) Arthur Philemon Coleman (1915) John M. Clarke (1916) Frank Dawson Adams (1917) Charles Whitman Cross (1918) John Campbell Merriam (1919) Israel C. White (1920) James Furman Kemp (1921) Charles Schuchert (1922) David White (1923) Waldemar Lindgren (1924) William Berryman Scott (1925) 1926–1950 Andrew Lawson (1926) Arthur Keith (1927) Bailey Willis (1928) Heinrich Ries (1929) R. A. F. Penrose Jr. (1930) Alfred Church Lane (1931) Reginald Aldworth Daly (1932) Charles Kenneth Leith (1933) William Henry Collins (1934) Nevin M. Fenneman (1935) Walter Curran Mendenhall (1936) Charles Palache (1937) Arthur Louis Day (1938) T. Wayland Vaughan (1939) Richard E. Blackwelder (1940) Charles P. Berkey (1941) Douglas W. Johnson (1942) E. L. Bruce (1943) Adolph Knopf (1944) Edward W. Berry (1945) Norman L. Bowen (1946) Arville Irving Levorsen (1947) James Gilluly (1948) Chester R. Longwell (1949) William Walden Rubey (1950) 1951–1975 Chester Stock (1951) Thomas S. Lovering (1952) Wendell P. Woodring (1953) Ernst Cloos (1954) Walter Hermann Bucher (1955) George Sherwood Hume (1956) Richard J. Russell (1957) Raymond Cecil Moore (1958) Marland P. Billings (1959) Hollis Dow Hedberg (1960) Thomas Brennan Nolan (1961) M. King Hubbert (1962) Harry Hammond Hess (1963) Francis Birch (1964) Wilmot Hyde Bradley (1965) Robert Legget (1966) Konrad Bates Krauskopf (1967) Ian Campbell (1968) Morgan J. Davis (1969) John Rodgers (1970) Richard H. Jahns (1971) Luna Leopold (1972) John C. Maxwell (1973) Clarence Allen (1974) Julian Goldsmith (1975) 1976–2000 Robert Folinsbee (1976) Charles L. Drake (1977) Peter T. Flawn (1978) Leon Silver (1979) Laurence L. Sloss (1980) Howard R. Gould (1981) Digby McLaren (1982) Paul A. Bailly (1983) M. Gordon Wolman (1984) Brian J. Skinner (1985) W. G. Ernst (1986) Jack Oliver (1987) Albert W. Bally (1988) Randolph Bromery (1989) Raymond A. Price (1990) Doris Malkin Curtis (1991) E-An Zen (1992) Robert D. Hatcher Jr. (1993) William R. Dickinson (1994) David A. Stephenson (1995) Eldridge M. Moores (1996) George A. Thompson (1997) Victor R. Baker (1998) Gail M. Ashley (1999) Mary Lou Zoback (2000) 2001– Sharon Mosher (2001) Anthony J. Naldrett (2002) B. Clark Burchfiel (2003) Rob Van der Voo (2004) William A. Thomas (2005) Stephen G. Wells (2006) John M. Sharp (2007) Judith Totman Parrish (2008) Jean M. Bahr (2009) Joaquin Ruiz (2010) John Geissman (2011) George H. Davis (2012) Suzanne Mahlburg Kay (2013) Harry McSween (2014) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 29769631 LCCN: n81129689 ISNI: 0000 0000 8342 6023 GND: 117613398 SUDOC: 122819403 BNF: cb15360397n (data) NLA: 35295229 IATH: w60863sd PIC: 5003 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joseph_LeConte&oldid=812903987" Categories: 1823 births1901 deathsSierra Club directorsAmerican geologistsSierra Nevada (U.S.)Harvard University alumniUniversity of California, Berkeley facultyUniversity of Georgia alumniUniversity of Georgia facultyOglethorpe University facultyUniversity of South Carolina facultyHistory of the Sierra Nevada (U.S.)People from Macon, GeorgiaPeople from Liberty County, GeorgiaBurials at Mountain View Cemetery (Oakland, California)Hidden categories: Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource referenceWikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia BritannicaWebarchive template wayback linksArticles with hCardsWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersWikipedia articles with PIC identifiers


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Joseph Nisbet LeConteGeologistUniversity Of California, BerkeleyHuguenotLiberty County, GeorgiaGeorgia (U.S. State)LeConte (disambiguation)Athens, GeorgiaFranklin College Of Arts And SciencesUniversity Of GeorgiaPhi Kappa Literary SocietyColumbia University College Of Physicians And SurgeonsJohn Lawrence LeConteUpper Mississippi RiverMacon, GeorgiaHarvard UniversityLouis AgassizHelderberg EscarpmentNew York (state)Florida ReefOglethorpe UniversityMidway, GeorgiaUniversity Of South CarolinaEugenius A. NisbetJoseph Nisbet Le ConteAmerican Civil WarConfederate States Of AmericaReconstruction Era Of The United StatesUniversity Of CaliforniaBerkeley, CaliforniaJohn Le ConteMonocularBinocular VisionPsychologyUnited States National Academy Of SciencesAmerican Association For The Advancement Of ScienceGeological Society Of AmericaSierra Nevada (U.S.)CaliforniaYosemite ValleyJohn MuirShepherdSierra ClubYosemite ValleyHigh TripsLeConte Memorial LodgeLe Conte GlacierLe Conte FallsMount Le Conte (California)University Of GeorgiaUniversity Of South CarolinaLe Conte Middle SchoolHollywoodUCLAMountain View Cemetery (Oakland, California)Oakland, CaliforniaPublic DomainEncyclopædia Britannica Eleventh EditionJ. J. Stevenson (geologist)Digital Object IdentifierWayback MachineBenjamin SillimanWikisourceTemplate:Presidents Of The Geological Society Of AmericaTemplate Talk:Presidents Of The Geological Society Of AmericaGeological Society Of AmericaJames Hall (paleontologist)James Dwight DanaAlexander WinchellGrove Karl GilbertJohn William DawsonThomas Chrowder ChamberlinNathaniel ShalerEdward Orton Jr.J. J. Stevenson (geologist)Benjamin Kendall EmersonGeorge Mercer DawsonCharles Doolittle WalcottNewton Horace WinchellSamuel Franklin EmmonsJohn Casper BrannerRaphael PumpellyIsrael RussellCharles R. Van HiseSamuel Calvin (geologist)Grove Karl GilbertArnold HagueWilliam Morris DavisHerman LeRoy FairchildEugene Allen SmithGeorge Ferdinand BeckerArthur Philemon ColemanJohn Mason ClarkeFrank Dawson AdamsCharles Whitman CrossJohn Campbell MerriamIsrael C. 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