Biography[edit] José Castro was a Californio, born in Monterey, California. As a young man, Castro was a vocal and active supporter of Californian self-rule and semi-independence from Mexico.[2] His first public office was as secretary to the Monterey ayuntamiento (town council). In 1830, Castro was arrested for his opposition to the Mexican governor of Alta California. By 1835 he was Vocal Primero (First Member) of the legislature and acting governor.[1] Along with his brother-in-law Juan Bautista Alvarado, he was a vocal proponent of California-born governors and sought a semi-independent status for Alta California.[3] He helped lead the overthrow of Mexican Governor Nicolás Gutiérrez in 1836,[3] becoming the first President of a briefly independent California, and then Commandante General.[1] Under his brother-in-law, Governor Alvarado, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo became Commandante General, while in 1837-38, Castro became Lieutenant-Colonel of militia. Once again he was appointed First Member of the Diputación as well as Prefect of the District of Monterey. In 1839, Alvarado granted him Rancho San Justo, one of three ranchos attached to Mission San Juan Bautista, after the secularization of mission property by the Mexican government in 1833-35. His father José Tiburcio Castro was a soldier, member of the Diputación (territorial legislature),[1] the administrator of Mission San Juan Bautista after it was secularized, and grantee of Rancho Sausal. He built an adobe house on San Juan Bautista Plaza in 1841. Castro used the house as an administrative base for his military operations, and as a residence for his secretary.[2] Back in 1840, Alvarado had arrested about one hundred Americans in California and transported them to San Blas, an action that sparked an international diplomatic incident known as the "Graham Affair". By 1844-45, Castro was a leader of the new revolt against Governor Manuel Micheltorena, once again becoming Commandante General of California.[3] During the Bear Flag Revolt of 1846 and Mexican-American War that followed, Castro was the commanding general of Alta California. When California joined the United States in August of 1846, Castro left for Baja California, taking up residence in Sinaloa. Castro returned to Alta California in 1848, but by 1853 had gone to Mexico again where he was appointed governor and military commander of Baja California.[4] After the U.S.-Mexican War, José Castro gave his adobe house in San Juan Bautista to an Irish settler, Patrick Breen. Breen and his family were surviving members of the Donner Party. They arrived at San Juan Bautista in February 1848, nearly a year after completing their journey through the Sierra Nevada. The Breens were the first English-speaking Americans to live in the town. Castro allowed them to live at his house until they could afford to buy it from him.[2] By 1853, Castro had gone to Mexico, where he was appointed governor and military commander of Baja California.[2] One of Patrick Breen’s teenage sons made a fortune as a gold miner and purchased the house from Castro in 1854. The Breen family established a working ranch and an inn. Guests included gold rush prospectors and Helen Hunt Jackson author of Ramona (1884). She began writing her famous novel about Spanish California while living in San Juan Bautista in the early 1880s.[2] The Breen family owned the house until 1935, when the State of California bought the property and it became part of the San Juan Bautista Plaza Historic District. Castro never surrendered his Mexican citizenship nor military rank. In February 1860, Castro was assassinated by the bandit Marguez.


Legacy[edit] The Jose Castro House in San Juan Bautista is now a National Historic Landmark. Castro Street and the Castro District in San Francisco are named for him.


References[edit] ^ a b c d Killea; Lucy Lytle (October 1966). "Journal of San Diego History". San Diego Historical Society. sandiegohistory.org. Retrieved 16 June 2010. [dead link] ^ a b c d e "José Castro House San Juan Bautista, California". U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved 26 August 2016.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. ^ a b c Grafe, Ernest. "Intrigue and Confrontation; The Castros of California" (PDF). Grafe. egrafe.com. Retrieved 16 June 2010.  ^ "California and the Indian Wars, José Antonio Castro, Commandante-General and Acting Governor of Alta California". The California State Military Museum. California State Military Department.  Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of California Vol. 4 (1840-1845), A. L. Bancroft & Company, San Francisco, 1886. p.751 Pioneer Register and Index: Castro (Jos‚) This article incorporates content in the public domain from the U.S. National Park Service and The California State Military Museum. v t e Governors of California Colony (1769–1822) Capt. Portolà Col. Fages Capt. Rivera Capt-Gen. de Neve Col. Fages Capt. Roméu Capt. Arrillaga Col. Bórica Lt. Col. Alberní Capt. Arrillaga Capt. J. Argüello Don Solá Territory (1822–36) Capt. L. Argüello Lt. Col. Echeandía Gen. Victoria Don P. Pico Lt. Col. Echeandía Brig. Gen. Figueroa Lt. Col. Castro Lt. Col. Gutiérrez Col. Chico Lt. Col. Gutiérrez Sovereignty (1836–46) Pres. Castro Pres. Alvarado · Uncle Carrillo (rival) Brig. Gen. Micheltorena Don P. Pico Republic (1846–50) Cdre. Sloat Cdre. Stockton · Gen. Flores (rival) Gen. Kearny · Maj. Frémont (mutineer) Gen. Mason Gen. Smith Gen. Riley Burnett (from 1849) U.S. State (since 1850) Burnett McDougal Bigler J. Johnson Weller Latham Downey Stanford Low Haight Booth Pacheco Irwin Perkins Stoneman Bartlett Waterman Markham Budd Gage Pardee Gillett H. Johnson Stephens Richardson Young Rolph Merriam Olson Warren Knight P. Brown Reagan J. Brown Deukmejian Wilson Davis Schwarzenegger J. Brown Before 1850 After 1850 After 1850 by age Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 182169361 LCCN: no2011126487 SNAC: w6np4wmz Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=José_Castro&oldid=819598174" Categories: CaliforniosGovernors of Mexican CaliforniaGovernors of Baja CaliforniaMexican generalsMexican military personnel of the Mexican–American WarPeople of the CaliforniasPeople of Mexican California1808 births1860 deathsPeople of the Conquest of CaliforniaMexican people of the Mexican–American WarCastro District, San FranciscoHistory of Baja California19th-century American politiciansPeople from Monterey, CaliforniaPeople from San Juan Bautista, CaliforniaHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from January 2018Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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José Castro (disambiguation)MexicoGovernor Of Alta CaliforniaJosé FigueroaNicolas GutierrezJuan Bautista AlvaradoMonterey, CaliforniaMexicoAlta CaliforniaCavalryLieutenant ColonelBattle Of ProvidenciaAlta CaliforniaBear Flag RevoltMexican-American WarCalifornioMonterey, CaliforniaJuan Bautista AlvaradoNicolás GutiérrezMariano Guadalupe VallejoRancho San JustoSecularizationSpanish Missions Of CaliforniaMission San Juan BautistaRancho SausalSan Blas, NayaritIsaac GrahamManuel MicheltorenaBear Flag RevoltMexican-American WarSinaloaJose Castro HouseDonner PartyBaja CaliforniaRamonaSan Juan Bautista Plaza Historic DistrictAssassinatedJose Castro HouseNational Historic LandmarkCastro DistrictWikipedia:Link RotPublic DomainTemplate:Governors Of CaliforniaTemplate Talk:Governors Of CaliforniaGovernor Of CaliforniaSpanish EmpireGaspar De PortolàPedro FagesFernando Rivera Y MoncadaFelipe De NevePedro FagesJosé Antonio RoméuJosé Joaquín De ArrillagaDiego De BoricaPedro De AlberniJosé Joaquín De ArrillagaJosé Darío ArgüelloPablo Vicente De SoláSeal Of The Governor Of California1824 Constitution Of MexicoLuis Antonio ArgüelloJosé María De EcheandíaManuel VictoriaPío PicoJosé María De EcheandíaJosé FigueroaNicolás GutiérrezMariano ChicoNicolás GutiérrezJuan Bautista AlvaradoJuan Bautista AlvaradoCarlos Antonio CarrilloManuel MicheltorenaPío PicoCalifornia RepublicJohn D. SloatRobert F. StocktonJosé María FloresStephen W. KearnyJohn C. FrémontRichard Barnes MasonPersifor Frazer SmithBennet C. RileyPeter Hardeman BurnettList Of Governors Of CaliforniaPeter Hardeman BurnettJohn McDougalJohn BiglerJ. Neely JohnsonJohn B. WellerMilton LathamJohn G. DowneyLeland StanfordFrederick LowHenry Huntly HaightNewton BoothRomualdo PachecoWilliam Irwin (California Politician)George Clement PerkinsGeorge StonemanWashington BartlettRobert Waterman (governor)Henry MarkhamJames BuddHenry GageGeorge PardeeJames GillettHiram JohnsonWilliam StephensFriend RichardsonC. C. YoungJames RolphFrank MerriamCulbert OlsonEarl WarrenGoodwin KnightPat BrownRonald ReaganJerry BrownGeorge DeukmejianPete WilsonGray DavisArnold SchwarzeneggerJerry BrownList Of Governors Of California Before 1850List Of Governors Of CaliforniaList Of Governors Of California By AgeHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberSNACHelp:CategoryCategory:CaliforniosCategory:Governors Of Mexican CaliforniaCategory:Governors Of Baja CaliforniaCategory:Mexican GeneralsCategory:Mexican Military Personnel Of The Mexican–American WarCategory:People Of The CaliforniasCategory:People Of Mexican CaliforniaCategory:1808 BirthsCategory:1860 DeathsCategory:People Of The Conquest Of CaliforniaCategory:Mexican People Of The Mexican–American WarCategory:Castro District, San FranciscoCategory:History Of Baja CaliforniaCategory:19th-century American PoliticiansCategory:People From Monterey, CaliforniaCategory:People From San Juan Bautista, CaliforniaCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From January 2018Category:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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