Contents 1 Life 1.1 California 2 Legacy 3 Dates of Rank 4 Notes 5 Further reading 6 References


Life[edit] He was born at the family home of Sloat House in Sloatsburg, New York, of Dutch ancestry, and was orphaned at an early age, his father, Captain John Sloat, having been mistakenly shot and killed by one of his own sentries two months before he was born,[1] and his mother dying a few years later. Sloat was brought up by his maternal grandparents.[citation needed] Appointed midshipman in the Navy in 1800, he was sailing master of the frigate United States under Commodore Stephen Decatur during the War of 1812, and was promoted to lieutenant for conspicuous gallantry in the capture of the frigate HMS Macedonian. Sloat then commanded the schooner Grampus during which he fought the Action of 2 March 1825 against the pirate ship of Roberto Cofresí. He later served on the ships Franklin and Washington, and from 1828 commanded the sloop St. Louis with the rank of master commandant, to which he had been promoted in 1826. He was promoted to captain in 1837, and from 1840 to 1844 was in charge of the Portsmouth Navy Yard.[2] California[edit] The monument commemorating John D. Sloat. In 1844 Sloat was appointed to command the Pacific Squadron, and in 1845, as tensions with Mexico grew, he was instructed to land in Alta California and claim it for the United States if war broke out. Receiving a report of fighting on the Texas border while off Mazatlán, he raced north (the British were reportedly interested in California too), engaged in a skirmish called the Battle of Monterey, raised the flag over the Customs House at Monterey on July 7, 1846, and issued a proclamation announcing that California was now part of the United States. He was a Military Governor of California for only twenty-two days, before handing over the office to Robert F. Stockton.[3] Later, his poor health forced Sloat to take commands ashore, where he commanded the Norfolk Navy Yard 1847-51,[4] directed the construction of the Stevens Battery in 1855, and helped plan the Mare Island Navy Yard. He retired with the rank of Captain in December 1861, and was promoted to Rear Admiral on the retired list in July 1866. Sloat was a Freemason, and belonged to St. Nicholas lodge No. 321 in New York City. He died in New Brighton, New York, and was buried in Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery.[citation needed]


Legacy[edit] Sloat Ave. in Monterey, California. Two destroyers were named USS Sloat in his honor as well as the World War II Liberty ship, the SS John Drake Sloat. The town, Sloat, California, in Plumas County, California is named for him. A major street, Sloat Boulevard, and the Commodore Sloat Elementary School, both in San Francisco, California are named for him. John Sloat Elementary School located in Sacramento, California is named for him. Streets located in Monterey, California, Sacramento, California, and the Carthay Circle neighborhood of Los Angeles bear his name. There is a monument erected in his honor on the Presidio of Monterey U.S. Army post. His hometown of Sloatsburg, New York is named Sloatsburg, after his grandfather, Stephen Sloat,


Dates of Rank[edit] Midshipman - 12 February 1800 Sailing Master - 10 January 1812 Lieutenant - 24 July 1813 Master Commandant - 21 March 1826 Captain - 9 February 1837 Reserved List - 27 September 1855 Retired List - 21 December 1861 Commodore on Retired List - 16 July 1862 Rear Admiral, Retired List - 25 July 1866


Notes[edit] ^ Tholl, Claire (May 1974). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Sloat House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 22 August 2010.  ^  Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Sloat, John Drake". Encyclopedia Americana.  ^ Ruhge, Justin (February 8, 2016). "The Mexican War and California: Monterey's Presidio Occupied and Improved". militarymuseum.org.  ^  Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Sloat, John Drake". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 


Further reading[edit] Knickerbocker Commodore: The Life and Times of John Drake Sloat, 1781-1867 by Bruce A. Castleman, 2016, State University of New York Press


References[edit] Proclamation to the Inhabitants of California (7 July 1846). This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. v t e Governors of California Colony (1769–1822) Capt. Portolà Col. Fages Capt. Rivera Capt-Gen. de Neve Col. Fages Capt. Roméu Capt. Arrillaga Col. Bórica Lt. Col. Alberní Capt. Arrillaga Capt. J. Argüello Don Solá Territory (1822–36) Capt. L. Argüello Lt. Col. Echeandía Gen. Victoria Don P. Pico Lt. Col. Echeandía Brig. Gen. Figueroa Lt. Col. Castro Lt. Col. Gutiérrez Col. Chico Lt. Col. Gutiérrez Sovereignty (1836–46) Pres. Castro Pres. Alvarado · Uncle Carrillo (rival) Brig. Gen. Micheltorena Don P. Pico Republic (1846–50) Cdre. Sloat Cdre. Stockton · Gen. Flores (rival) Gen. Kearny · Maj. Frémont (mutineer) Gen. Mason Gen. Smith Gen. Riley Burnett (from 1849) U.S. State (since 1850) Burnett McDougal Bigler J. Johnson Weller Latham Downey Stanford Low Haight Booth Pacheco Irwin Perkins Stoneman Bartlett Waterman Markham Budd Gage Pardee Gillett H. Johnson Stephens Richardson Young Rolph Merriam Olson Warren Knight P. Brown Reagan J. Brown Deukmejian Wilson Davis Schwarzenegger J. Brown Before 1850 After 1850 After 1850 by age Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_D._Sloat&oldid=823538360" Categories: American people of the Bear Flag RevoltCommanders of the California RepublicUnited States military governors of CaliforniaPeople of the Conquest of CaliforniaMilitary personnel from CaliforniaUnited States Navy personnel of the Mexican–American WarUnited States Navy rear admirals (upper half)American people of Dutch descent1781 births1867 deathsBurials at Green-Wood CemeteryPeople from Sloatsburg, New York19th-century American politiciansHidden categories: Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource referenceWikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International EncyclopediaAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from June 2017Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships


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