Contents 1 Early life 2 Early career 3 Major films 3.1 The Terminator (1984) 3.2 Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) 3.3 Aliens (1986) 3.4 The Abyss (1989) 3.5 Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) 3.6 True Lies (1994) 3.7 Strange Days (1995) 3.8 Titanic (1997) 3.9 Spider-Man and Dark Angel (2000–2002) 3.10 Documentaries (2002–2012) 3.11 Avatar (2009) 3.12 Sanctum (2011) 3.13 Avatar sequels (2020–2025) 3.14 Future projects 3.15 Cancelled films 4 Personal life 4.1 Deep sea dives 4.2 Veganism 4.3 MUSE School 5 Influence 6 Reputation 7 Awards 7.1 Awards 8 Collaborations 9 Recurring themes 10 Filmography 11 Reception 12 See also 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links


Early life Cameron was born in 1954 in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada, the son of Shirley (née Lowe), an artist and nurse, and Phillip Cameron, an electrical engineer.[17][18] His paternal great-great-great-grandfather emigrated from Balquhidder, Scotland, in 1825.[17] Cameron grew up in Chippawa, Ontario, and attended Stamford Collegiate School in Niagara Falls, Ontario. His family moved to Brea, California in 1971, when Cameron was 17 years old.[19] He dropped out of Sonora High School, then attended Brea Olinda High School to further his secondary education. Cameron enrolled at Fullerton College, a two-year community college, in 1973 to study physics. He switched to English, then dropped out before the start of the fall 1974 semester.[20] Next, he worked several jobs, including as a truck driver, writing when he had time.[21] During this period he taught himself about special effects: "I'd go down to the USC library and pull any thesis that graduate students had written about optical printing, or front screen projection, or dye transfers, anything that related to film technology. That way I could sit down and read it, and if they'd let me photocopy it, I would. If not, I'd make notes."[22] Cameron quit his job as a truck driver to enter the film industry after seeing Star Wars in 1977.[23] When Cameron read Syd Field's book Screenplay, it occurred to him that integrating science and art was possible, and he wrote a 10-minute science-fiction script with two friends, titled Xenogenesis. They raised money, rented camera, lenses, film stock and studio then shot it in 35 mm. They dismantled the camera to understand how to operate it and spent the first half-day of the shoot trying to figure out how to get it running.


Early career He was the director, writer, producer, and production designer for Xenogenesis (1978). He then became an uncredited production assistant on Rock and Roll High School in 1979. While continuing to educate himself in filmmaking techniques, Cameron started working as a miniature model maker at Roger Corman Studios.[21] Making rapidly produced, low-budget productions taught Cameron to work efficiently. He soon found employment as an art director in the sci-fi movie Battle Beyond the Stars (1980). He did special effects work design and direction on John Carpenter's Escape from New York (1981), acted as production designer on Galaxy of Terror (1981), and consulted on the design of Android (1982). Cameron was hired as the special effects director for the sequel to Piranha, entitled Piranha II: The Spawning in 1981. The original director, Miller Drake, left the project due to creative differences with producer Ovidio Assonitis, who then gave Cameron his first job as director. The interior scenes were filmed in Rome, Italy, while the underwater sequences were shot at Grand Cayman Island.[24] The movie was to be produced in Jamaica. On location, production slowed due to numerous problems and adverse weather. James Cameron was fired after failing to get a close up of Carole Davis in her opening scene. Ovidio ordered Cameron to do the close-up the next day before he started on that day's shooting. Cameron spent the entire day sailing around the resort, reproducing the lighting but still failed to get the close-up. After he was fired, Ovidio invited Cameron to stay on location and assist in the shooting. Once in Rome, Ovidio took over the editing when Cameron was stricken with food poisoning. During his illness, Cameron had a nightmare about an invincible robot hitman sent from the future to kill him, giving him the idea for The Terminator, which later catapulted his film career.[24]


Major films The Terminator (1984) Main article: The Terminator Cameron in September 1986 After completing a screenplay for The Terminator, Cameron decided to sell it so that he could direct the movie. However, the production companies he contacted, while expressing interest in the project, were unwilling to let a largely inexperienced feature film director make the movie. Finally, Cameron found a company called Hemdale Pictures, which was willing to let him direct. Gale Anne Hurd, who had started her own production company, Pacific Western Productions, had previously worked with Cameron in Roger Corman's company and agreed to buy Cameron's screenplay for one dollar, on the condition that Cameron direct the film. Hurd was signed on as a producer, and Cameron finally got his first break as director. Orion Pictures distributed the film. Hurd and Cameron were married from 1985 to 1989. For the role of the Terminator, Cameron envisioned a man who was not exceptionally muscular, who could "blend into" a crowd. Lance Henriksen, who had starred in Piranha II: The Spawning, was considered for the title role, but when Arnold Schwarzenegger and Cameron first met over lunch to discuss Schwarzenegger's playing the role of Kyle Reese, both came to the conclusion that the cyborg villain would be the more compelling role for the Austrian bodybuilder; Henriksen got the smaller part of LAPD detective Hal Vukovich and the role of Kyle Reese went to Michael Biehn. In addition, Linda Hamilton first appeared in this film in her iconic role of Sarah Connor, and later married Cameron.[18] The Terminator was a box-office hit, breaking expectations by Orion Pictures executives that the film would be regarded as no more than a sci-fi film, and then only last a week in theaters. It was a low-budget film which cost $6.5 million to make, cutting expenses in such ways as recording the audio track in mono. However, The Terminator eventually earned over $78 million worldwide.[25] Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) Main article: Rambo: First Blood Part II During the early 1980s, Cameron wrote three screenplays simultaneously: The Terminator, Aliens, and the first draft of Rambo: First Blood Part II. While Cameron continued with The Terminator and Aliens, Sylvester Stallone eventually took over the script of Rambo: First Blood Part II, creating a final draft which differed radically from Cameron's initial vision.[26] Aliens (1986) Main article: Aliens (film) The producing team behind Aliens, James Cameron and Gale Ann Hurd Cameron next began the sequel to Alien, the 1979 film by Ridley Scott. Cameron named the sequel Aliens and again cast Sigourney Weaver in the iconic role of Ellen Ripley. According to Cameron, the crew on Aliens was hostile to him, regarding him as a poor substitute for Ridley Scott. Cameron sought to show them The Terminator but the majority of the crew refused to watch it and remained skeptical of his direction throughout production. Despite this and other off-screen problems (such as clashing with an uncooperative camera man and having to replace one of the lead actors when Michael Biehn of Terminator took James Remar's place as Corporal Hicks), Aliens became a box-office success. It received Academy Award nominations for Best Actress for Weaver, Best Art Direction, Best Film Editing, Best Original Score, Best Sound, and won awards for Best Sound Editing and Best Visual Effects. In addition, the film and its lead actress made the cover of TIME magazine as a result of numerous and extensive scenes of women in combat; these were almost without precedent and expressed the feminist theme of the film very strongly. The Abyss (1989) Main article: The Abyss Cameron's next project stemmed from an idea that had come up during a high school biology class. The story of oil-rig workers who discover otherworldly underwater creatures became the basis of Cameron's screenplay for The Abyss, which cast Ed Harris, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio and Michael Biehn. Initially budgeted at $41 million United States (though the production ran considerably over budget), it was considered to be one of the most expensive films of its time and required cutting-edge effects technology. Because much of the filming took place underwater and the technology wasn't advanced enough to digitally create an underwater environment, Cameron chose to shoot much of the movie "reel-for-real", at depths of up to 40 feet (12 m). For creation of the sets, the containment building of an unfinished nuclear power plant was converted, and two huge tanks were used.[27] The main tank was filled with 7,500,000 US gallons (28,000,000 L) of water and the second with 2,500,000 US gallons (9,500,000 L). The cast and crew resided there for much of the filming. Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) Main article: Terminator 2: Judgment Day After the success of The Terminator, there had been talking about a sequel to continue the story of Sarah Connor and her struggle against machines from the future. Although Cameron had come up with a core idea for the sequel, and Schwarzenegger expressed interest in continuing the story, there were still problems regarding who had the rights to the story, as well as the logistics of the special effects needed to make the sequel. Finally, in the late-1980s, Mario Kassar of Carolco Pictures secured the rights to the sequel, allowing Cameron to greenlight production of the film, now called Terminator 2: Judgment Day. For the film, Linda Hamilton reprised her iconic role of Sarah Connor.[28] In addition, Schwarzenegger also returned in his role as The Terminator, but this time as a protector. Unlike Schwarzenegger's character—the T-800 Terminator which is made of a metal endoskeleton—the new villain of the sequel, called the T-1000, is a more advanced Terminator made of liquid metal, and with polymorphic abilities. The T-1000 would also be much less bulky than the T-800. For the role, Cameron cast Robert Patrick, a sharp contrast to Schwarzenegger. Cameron explained, "I wanted someone who was extremely fast and agile. If the T-800 is a human Panzer tank, then the T-1000 is a Porsche." Cameron had originally wanted to incorporate this advanced-model-Terminator into the first film, but the special effects at the time were not advanced enough. The ground-breaking effects used in The Abyss to digitally depict the water tentacle convinced Cameron that his liquid metal villain was now possible. TriStar Pictures agreed to distribute the film, but required a locked release date, intended to be about one year after the start of shooting. The movie, co-written by Cameron and his longtime friend, William Wisher Jr., had to go from screenplay to finished film in just that amount of time. Like Cameron's previous film, it was one of the most expensive films of its era, with a budget of about $100 million. The biggest challenge of the movie was the special effects used in creating the T-1000. Nevertheless, the film was finished on time and released to theaters on July 3, 1991. Terminator 2, or T2, as it was abbreviated, broke box-office records (including the opening weekend record for an R-rated film), earning over $200 million in the United States and Canada, and over $300 million in other territories, and became the highest-grossing film of that year. It won four Academy Awards: Best Makeup, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Effects Editing, and Best Visual Effects. It was also nominated for Best Cinematography and Best Film Editing, but lost both Awards to JFK. James Cameron announced a third Terminator film many times during the 1990s, but without coming out with any finished scripts. Kassar and Vajna purchased the rights to the Terminator franchise from a bankruptcy sale of Carolco's assets.[29] Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines was eventually made and released in July 2003 without Cameron's involvement. Jonathan Mostow directed the film and Schwarzenegger returned as the Terminator. Cameron reunited with the main cast of Terminator 2 to film T2 3-D: Battle Across Time, an attraction at Universal Studios Florida, Universal Studios Hollywood, and Universal Studios Japan. It was released in 1996 and was a mini-sequel to Terminator 2: Judgment Day. The show is in two parts: a prequel segment in which a spokesperson talks about Cyberdyne, and the main feature, in which the performers interact with a 3-D movie. True Lies (1994) Main article: True Lies Before the release of T2, Schwarzenegger came to Cameron with the idea of remaking the French comedy La Totale! Titled True Lies, with filming beginning after T2's release, the story revolves around a secret-agent spy who leads a double life as a married man, whose wife believes he is a computer salesman. Schwarzenegger was cast as Harry Tasker, a spy charged with stopping a plan by a terrorist to use nuclear weapons against the United States. Jamie Lee Curtis and Eliza Dushku played the character's family, and Tom Arnold the sidekick. Cameron's Lightstorm Entertainment signed on with Twentieth Century Fox for the production of True Lies. Made on a budget of $115 million and released in 1994, the film earned $146 million in North America, and $232 million abroad. The film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Visual Effects. Strange Days (1995) Main article: Strange Days (film) An American science-fiction action thriller film directed by Kathryn Bigelow. It was co-written and produced by Cameron, her ex-husband, and co-written by Jay Cocks.[30] Titanic (1997) Main article: Titanic (1997 film) Cameron expressed interest in the 1912 sinking of the ship RMS Titanic and decided to script and film his next project based on this event. The picture revolved around a fictional romance story between two young lovers from different social classes who meet on board. Before production began, he took dives to the bottom of the Atlantic and shot actual footage of the ship underwater,[31] which he inserted into the final film. Much of the film's dialogue was also written during these dives.[citation needed] Subsequently, Cameron cast Leonardo DiCaprio, Kate Winslet, Billy Zane, Kathy Bates, Frances Fisher, Gloria Stuart, Bernard Hill, Jonathan Hyde, Victor Garber, Danny Nucci, David Warner, Suzy Amis, and Bill Paxton as the film's principal cast. Cameron's budget for the film reached about $200 million, making it the most expensive movie ever made at the time. Before its release, the film was widely ridiculed for its expense and protracted production schedule.[32] Released to theaters on December 19, 1997, Titanic grossed less in its first weekend ($28.6 million) than in its second ($35.4 million), an increase of 23.8%. This is unheard of for a widely released film, which is a testament to the movie's appeal. This was especially noteworthy, considering that the film's running time of more than three hours limited the number of showings each theater could schedule. It held the No. 1 spot on the box-office charts for months, eventually grossing a total of $600.8 million in the United States and Canada and more than $1.84 billion worldwide. Titanic became the highest-grossing film of all time, both worldwide and in the United States and Canada, and was also the first film to gross more than $1 billion worldwide. It was the highest-grossing film from 1998 until 2010, when Cameron's 2009 film Avatar surpassed its gross.[33] The CG visuals surrounding the sinking and destruction of the ship were considered spectacular.[34] Despite criticism during production of the film, it received a record-tying 14 Oscar nominations (tied with All About Eve) at the 1998 Academy Awards. It won 11 Oscars (also tying the record for most Oscar wins with Ben-Hur and later The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King), including: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Visual Effects, Best Film Editing, Best Costume Design, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Editing, Best Original Dramatic Score, Best Original Song.[35] Upon receiving the Best Director Oscar, Cameron exclaimed, "I'm king of the world!", in reference to one of the main characters' lines from the film. After receiving the Best Picture Oscar along with Jon Landau, Cameron asked for a moment of silence for the 1,500 men, women, and children who died when the ship sank.[36] In March 2010, Cameron revealed that Titanic would be re-released in 3D in April 2012, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the real ship.[37] On March 27, 2012, Cameron attended the world première with Kate Winslet at the Royal Albert Hall in London.[38] Following the re-release, Titanic's domestic total was pushed to $658.6 million and more than $2.18 billion worldwide. It became the second film to gross more than $2 billion worldwide (the first being Avatar). Spider-Man and Dark Angel (2000–2002) Main articles: Spider-Man in film and Dark Angel (TV series) Cameron had initially next planned to do a film of the comic-book character Spider-Man, a project developed by Menahem Golan of Cannon Films. Columbia hired David Koepp to adapt Cameron's treatment into a screenplay, and Koepp's first draft is taken often word-for-word from Cameron's story,[39] though later drafts were heavily rewritten by Koepp himself, Scott Rosenberg, and Alvin Sargent. Columbia preferred to credit David Koepp solely, and none of the scripts before or after his were ever examined by the Writers Guild of America, East to determine proper credit attribution.[citation needed] Cameron and other writers objected, but Columbia and the WGA prevailed. In its release in 2002, Spider-Man had its screenplay credited solely to Koepp.[40] Unable to make Spider-Man, Cameron moved to television and created Dark Angel, a superheroine-centered series influenced by cyberpunk, biopunk, contemporary superhero franchises, and third-wave feminism. Co-produced with Charles H. Eglee, Dark Angel starred Jessica Alba as Max Guevara, a genetically enhanced super-soldier created by a secretive organization. According to a website called DarkAngelFan.com, Cameron's work was said to "bring empowered female warriors back to television screens [...] by mixing the sober feminism of his Terminator and Aliens characters with the sexed-up Girl Power of a Britney Spears concert."[41] While a success in its first season, low ratings in the second led to its cancellation. Cameron himself directed the series finale, a two-hour episode wrapping up many of the series' loose ends. Documentaries (2002–2012) Cameron in February 2010 In 1998 James and John David Cameron formed a digital media company, earthship.tv, which became Earthship Productions.[42] The company produced live multimedia documentaries from the depths of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. With Earthship Productions, John Cameron's recent projects have included undersea documentaries on the Bismarck (Expedition: Bismarck, 2002) and the Titanic (Ghosts of the Abyss (2003, in IMAX 3D) and Tony Robinson's Titanic Adventure (2005)).[43] He was a producer on the 2002 film Solaris, and narrated The Exodus Decoded. Cameron is an advocate for stereoscopic digital 3D films. In a 2003 interview about his IMAX 2D documentary Ghosts of the Abyss, he mentioned that he is "going to do everything in 3D now".[44] He has made similar statements in other interviews. Ghosts of the Abyss and Aliens of the Deep (also an IMAX documentary) were both shot in 3-D and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Walden Media, and Cameron did the same for his new project, Avatar for 20th Century Fox & Sony Pictures' Columbia Pictures. He intends to use the same technology for The Dive, Sanctum and an adaptation of the manga series Battle Angel Alita. Cameron was the co-founder and CEO of Digital Domain, a visual-effects production and technology company. In addition, he plans to create a 3-D project about the first trip to Mars. ("I've been very interested in the Humans to Mars movement—the 'Mars Underground'—and I've done a tremendous amount of personal research for a novel, a miniseries, and a 3-D film.")[45] He is on the science team for the 2011 Mars Science Laboratory.[46] Cameron announced on February 26, 2007, that he, along with his director, Simcha Jacobovici, have documented the unearthing of the Talpiot Tomb, which is alleged to be the tomb of Jesus. Unearthed in 1980 by Israeli construction workers, the names on the tomb are claimed, in the documentary, to correlate with the names of Jesus and several individuals closely associated with him. The documentary, named The Lost Tomb of Jesus, was broadcast on the Discovery Channel on March 4, 2007. As a National Geographic explorer-in-residence,[47] Cameron re-investigated the sinking of the Titanic with eight experts in 2012. The investigation was featured in the TV documentary special Titanic: The Final Word with James Cameron, which premiered on April 8 on the National Geographic Channel.[48] In the conclusion of the analysis, the consensus revised the CGI animation of the sinking conceived in 1995.[49][50] Avatar (2009) Main article: Avatar (2009 film) Cameron promoting Avatar during the 2009 San Diego Comic-Con In June 2005, Cameron was announced to be working on a project tentatively titled "Project 880" (now known to be Avatar) in parallel with another project, Alita: Battle Angel (an adaptation of the manga series Battle Angel Alita).[51] Both movies were to be shot in 3D. By December, Cameron stated that he wanted to film Battle Angel first, followed by Avatar. However, in February 2006, he switched goals for the two film projects and decided to film Avatar first. He mentioned that if both films were successful, he would be interested in seeing a trilogy being made for both.[52] Alita: Battle Angel eventually began production in 2016 with Cameron writing and producing and Robert Rodriguez directing.[53] Avatar had an estimated budget of over $300 million and was released on December 18, 2009.[54] This marked his first feature film since 1997's Titanic. It is composed almost entirely of computer-generated animation, using a more-advanced version of the "performance capture" technique used by director Robert Zemeckis in The Polar Express.[55] James Cameron had written an 80-page scriptment for Avatar in 1995[56] and announced in 1996 that he would make the film after completing Titanic. In December 2006, Cameron explained that the delay in producing the film since the 1990s had been to wait until the technology necessary to create his project was advanced enough, since at the time no studio would finance for the development of the visual effects.[57] The film was originally scheduled to be released in May 2009 but was pushed back to December 2009 to allow more time for post-production on the complex CGI and to give more time for theatres worldwide to install 3D projectors.[58] Cameron originally intended Avatar to be 3D-only.[59] Avatar broke several box office records during its initial theatrical run. It grossed $749.7 million in the United States and Canada and more than $2.74 billion worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing film of all time in the United States and Canada, surpassing Cameron's Titanic.[60] Avatar also became the first movie to ever earn more than $2 billion worldwide. Including revenue from the re-release of Avatar featuring extended footage, it grossed $760.5 million in the United States and Canada and more than $2.78 billion worldwide. It was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director,[61] and won three for Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography and Best Visual Effects. Avatar's success made Cameron the highest earner in Hollywood for 2010, netting him $257 million as reported by Vanity Fair.[62] Disney announced in September 2011 that it would adapt James Cameron's film Avatar into Pandora–The World of Avatar,[63] a themed area at Disney's Animal Kingdom in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. Sanctum (2011) Main article: Sanctum (film) Cameron served as the executive producer of Sanctum, a film detailing the expedition of a team of underwater cave divers who find themselves trapped in a cave, their exit blocked and with no known way to reach the surface either in person or by radio contact. Avatar sequels (2020–2025) In August 2013, Cameron announced his intention to film three sequels to Avatar simultaneously, to be released in December 2016, 2017, and 2018.[64] However, on January 14, 2015, Cameron announced that the release dates for the three sequels were each delayed a year with the first sequel scheduled to be released in December 2017.[65][66] In September 2017, the sequels to Avatar started production with the plan for the first to be released in December 2020, the next in 2021 and a further two in 2024 and 2025 respectively. Deadline.com estimated that the budget for these would be over $1 billion in total.[67] Avatar 2 and Avatar 3 started preliminary shooting simultaneously in Manhattan Beach, California on August 15, 2017, followed by principal photography in New Zealand on September 25, 2017.[68][69][70][71][72][73] The other sequels are expected to start shooting as soon as Avatar 2 and 3's filming wraps.[74][75][76] Although the last two sequels have been greenlit, Cameron stated in a November 26, 2017 interview: "Let’s face it, if Avatar 2 and 3 don’t make enough money, there’s not going to be a 4 and 5".[77] Future projects His original plans were to do Battle Angel next, but he changed his mind due to Avatar's success; "My intention when I made Avatar was to do Battle Angel next. However, the positive feedback for Avatar and the support of the message of Avatar, encouraged me to do more of those films."[78] Cameron's Lightstorm Entertainment bought the film rights to the Taylor Stevens novel The Informationist in October 2012 with plans for Cameron to direct it. A screenwriter will be hired to adapt the novel while Cameron works on the Avatar sequels.[79] Another project Cameron has announced is a personal commitment to shoot a film on the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki as told through the story of Tsutomu Yamaguchi, a man who survived both attacks. Cameron met with Yamaguchi just days before he died in 2010.[80] In January 2017, it was reported that Cameron would be returning to the Terminator franchise as producer and creative consultant for the next film installment, with Tim Miller signed on as director.[81] In May 2017, Arnold Schwarzenegger confirmed that he will return in the film and that James Cameron will be involved.[82] In January 2017 it was also announced that Cameron would be making a documentary about the history of science fiction. Cameron stated, "Without Jules Verne and H. G. Wells, there wouldn’t have been Ray Bradbury or Robert A. Heinlein, and without them, there wouldn’t be [George] Lucas, [Steven] Spielberg, Ridley Scott or me."[83] Cancelled films In the mid-1990s, Cameron announced that he would make a Spider-Man film, with Leonardo DiCaprio starring as Spider-Man and Arnold Schwarzenegger starring as Doctor Octopus. The project was cancelled and dropped by Cameron, and his script was rewritten by David Koepp for the 2002 movie Spider-Man, directed by Sam Raimi.[citation needed] In 1996, James Cameron decided to produce the new installment in the Planet of the Apes franchise, but it was cancelled before the Tim Burton version was made.[84]


Personal life Cameron has been married five times to the following spouses: Sharon Williams (1978–1984), Gale Anne Hurd (1985–1989), director Kathryn Bigelow (1989–1991), Linda Hamilton (1997–1999, daughter Josephine born in 1993), and Suzy Amis (2000–present). Cameron had dated Hamilton since 1991. Eight months after the marriage, however, they separated, and within days of Cameron's Oscar victory with Titanic, the couple announced their divorce. As part of the divorce settlement, Cameron was ordered to pay Hamilton $50 million.[85] Hamilton later revealed that one reason for their divorce was that he had been dating Suzy Amis, an actress he cast as Lizzy Calvert in Titanic.[86] He married Amis in 2000, and they have one son and two daughters. Hurd was the producer of Cameron's The Terminator, Aliens, and The Abyss, and the executive producer of Terminator 2: Judgment Day. Hamilton played the role of Sarah Connor in both Terminator films. Amis played the part of Lizzy Calvert, Rose's granddaughter, in Titanic. Both Cameron (Avatar) and Bigelow (The Hurt Locker) were nominated for the Oscar, the Golden Globe, and the BAFTA Award for Best Director for films released in 2009. Cameron won the Golden Globe, while Bigelow won the Oscar and the BAFTA for Best Director, becoming the first woman to win either.[87][88] Cameron divides his time between his home in California and his second home in New Zealand, a country he fell in love with when he was filming Avatar.[89] In 2016, Cameron partnered with Tourism New Zealand to produce a series of videos that expressed his love for the country.[90] Cameron is a member of the NASA Advisory Council and is working on the project to put cameras on an upcoming human mission to Mars.[91] Cameron has also given speeches and raised money for the Mars Society, a non-profit organization lobbying for the colonization of Mars.[92][93] Cameron became an expert on deep-sea exploration in conjunction with his research and underwater filming for The Abyss (1989) and Titanic (1997).[94] In June 2010, Cameron met in Washington with the EPA to discuss possible solutions to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (BP) oil spill. Later that week at the All Things Digital Conference, he attracted some notoriety when he stated, "Over the last few weeks I've watched...and been thinking, 'Those morons don't know what they're doing'." Reportedly, Cameron had offered BP help to plug the oil well, but it declined.[94][95][96] The oil spill was eventually stopped using techniques similar to those Cameron recommended.[97] Although Cameron has resided in the United States since 1971, he remains a Canadian citizen. Cameron applied for American citizenship in 2004, but withdrew his application after George W. Bush won the presidential election.[98] Cameron calls himself "Converted Agnostic", and says "I've sworn off agnosticism, which I now call cowardly atheism". As a child he described the Lord's Prayer as being a "tribal chant".[99] In June 2013, British artist Roger Dean filed a legal action at a court in New York against Cameron. Dean accused Cameron of "wilful and deliberate copying, dissemination and exploitation" of his original images, relating to Cameron's 2009 film Avatar and sought damages of $50m.[100] Dean subsequently lost the case.[101] Early in 2014, Cameron purchased the Beaufort Vineyard and Estate Winery in Courtenay, British Columbia, at a price of $2.7 million, as well as a number of other businesses in the area, including cattle ranching operations, to pursue his passion for sustainable agribusiness.[102] In an interview in November 2017, Cameron revealed that he had a hostile altercation with Harvey Weinstein at the 70th Academy Awards in 1998 after Weinstein came to him trying to promote his company Miramax. Cameron, whose friend Guillermo del Toro was unhappy with the way Miramax had treated him on his film Mimic, proceeded in return to "read him chapter and verse about how great I thought he was for the artist", which led to a dispute that almost resulted in an actual fight. Cameron recalled "[almost] hitting him with my Oscar", adding that "[a lot of people] would’ve preferred I had played through on that one", referring to the recent Harvey Weinstein sexual abuse allegations.[103] Deep sea dives On March 7, 2012, Cameron took the Deepsea Challenger submersible to the bottom of the New Britain Trench in a five-mile-deep solo dive.[104] On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the Challenger Deep, the deepest part of the Mariana Trench.[8] He spent more than three hours exploring the ocean floor before returning to the surface.[105] Cameron is the first person to accomplish the trip solo.[8] He was preceded by unmanned dives in 1995 and 2009 and by Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh, who were the first men to reach the bottom of the Mariana Trench aboard the Bathyscaphe Trieste in 1960.[106] Cameron has made a three-dimensional film of his dive. During his dive to the Challenger Deep, the data he collected resulted in interesting new finds in the field of marine biology, including new species of sea cucumber, squid worm, and giant single-celled amoeba, which are exciting finds due to the harshness of the environment.[107] Cameron is also one of the two men in history to stand on Challenger Deep.[citation needed] Veganism In 2012, Cameron, his wife and his children adopted a vegan diet.[108][109] Cameron explains that "By changing what you eat, you will change the entire contract between the human species and the natural world".[110] When asked what's the best thing an individual can do to fight climate change, Cameron said, "Stop eating animals."[111] Cameron and his wife are featured in Eating You Alive, a 2016 American documentary. His The Game Changers (2017) showcases vegan athletes and other icons[112] MUSE School In 2006 Cameron's wife co-founded MUSE School, in 2015 the school became the first K-12 vegan school in the United States.[113]


Influence Cameron in 2016 at the San Diego Comic-Con Cameron's directorial style has had significant influence within the Hollywood film industry. Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Firefly creator Joss Whedon stated that Cameron's approach to action scenes was influential to those in The Avengers. Whedon also admired Cameron's ability of writing female characters such as Ellen Ripley.[114] He also cited Cameron as "the leader and the teacher and the Yoda".[115] Michael Bay considers Cameron an idol and was convinced by him to use 3D in Transformers: Dark of the Moon.[116] Cameron's approach to 3D also inspired Baz Luhrmann to use it in The Great Gatsby.[117] Other directors that have drawn inspiration from Cameron include Peter Jackson, Neill Blomkamp and Quentin Tarantino.[118][119][120]


Reputation In 1999, Cameron was labeled selfish and cruel by one collaborator, author Orson Scott Card, who had been hired a decade earlier to work with Cameron on the novelization of The Abyss. Card said the experience was "hell on wheels. He was very nice to me, because I could afford to walk away. But he made everyone around him miserable, and his unkindness did nothing to improve the film in any way. Nor did it motivate people to work faster or better. And unless he changes his way of working with people, I hope he never directs anything of mine. In fact, now that this is in print, I can fairly guarantee that he will never direct anything of mine. Life is too short to collaborate with selfish, cruel people."[121] He later alluded to Cameron in his review of Me and Orson Welles, where he described witnessing a famous director chew out an assistant for his own error.[122] After working with Cameron on Titanic, Kate Winslet decided she would not work with Cameron again unless she earned "a lot of money". She said that Cameron was a nice man, but she found his temper difficult to deal with.[123] In an editorial, the British newspaper The Independent said that Cameron "is a nightmare to work with. Studios have come to fear his habit of straying way over schedule and over budget. He is notorious on set for his uncompromising and dictatorial manner, as well as his flaming temper."[123] Sam Worthington, who worked with Cameron on Avatar, stated on The Jay Leno Show that Cameron had very high expectations from everyone: he would use a nail gun to nail the film crew's cell phones to a wall above an exit door in retaliation for unwanted ringing during production.[124] Other actors, such as Bill Paxton and Sigourney Weaver, have praised Cameron's perfectionism. Weaver said of Cameron: "He really does want us to risk our lives and limbs for the shot, but he doesn't mind risking his own."[125] Michael Biehn has also praised Cameron, claiming "Jim is a really passionate person. He cares more about his movies than other directors care about their movies", but added "I’ve never seen him yell at anybody." However, Biehn did claim Cameron is "not real sensitive when it comes to actors and their trailers."[126] Composer James Horner refused to work with Cameron for a decade following their strained working relationship on 1986's Aliens.[127] They eventually settled their differences, and Horner went on to score both Titanic and Avatar.[128] In 2014, Cameron was the keynote speaker at the first annual Fame and Philanthropy, a charity fundraiser which raised money for several high-profile celebrity charities. Cameron was one of several guest speakers at the event along with Charlize Theron and Halle Berry.[129] In a 2015 interview together, actresses Sigourney Weaver and Jamie Lee Curtis, who both worked with Cameron, commented very positively on him. Curtis stated, "the truth is he can do every other job [than acting]. I'm talking about every single department, from art direction to props to wardrobe to cameras, he knows more than everyone doing the job." Weaver answered "There are very few geniuses in the world, let alone in our business, and he's certainly one of them." She also said, "he's misunderstood in the industry, somewhat. He is so generous to actors."[130]


Awards Cameron receiving a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in December 2009 Cameron received the inaugural Ray Bradbury Award from the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America in 1992 for Terminator 2: Judgment Day (Avatar would be a finalist in 2010).[131] Cameron did not receive any major mainstream filmmaking awards prior to Titanic. For Titanic, he won several, including Academy Awards for Best Picture (shared with Jon Landau), Best Director and Best Film Editing (shared with Conrad Buff and Richard A. Harris). Cameron is one of the few filmmakers to win three Oscars in a single evening and Golden Globes for Best Motion Picture – Drama and Best Director. In recognition of "a distinguished career as a Canadian filmmaker", Carleton University, Ottawa, awarded Cameron the honorary degree of Doctor of Fine Arts on June 13, 1998. Cameron accepted the degree in person and gave the Convocation Address.[citation needed] He also received an honorary doctorate in October 1998 from Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario, for his accomplishments in the international film industry.[citation needed] In 1998, Cameron attended convocation to receive an honorary doctorate of Laws from Ryerson University, Toronto. The university awards its highest honor to those who have made extraordinary contributions in Canada, or internationally. In 1999, Cameron received the honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree[132] from California State University, Fullerton, where he had been a student in the 1970s. He received the degree at the university's annual Commencement exercises that year, where he gave the keynote speech. In recognition of his contributions to underwater filming and remote vehicle technology, the University of Southampton awarded Cameron the honorary degree of Doctor of the University. Cameron did not attend the Engineering Sciences graduation ceremony in July 2004 where the degree was awarded but instead received it in person at the National Oceanography Centre.[133] On June 3, 2008, it was announced that he would be inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame.[134] On December 18, 2009, the same day Avatar was released worldwide, Cameron received the 2,396th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[135] After the release of Avatar, on February 28, 2010, Cameron was also honored with a Visual Effects Society (VES) Lifetime Achievement Award. For Avatar, Cameron won numerous awards as well, including: Golden Globes for Best Motion Picture – Drama (shared with Jon Landau) and Best Director. He was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director and Best Film Editing (shared with John Refoua and Stephen E. Rivkin).[136] However, Cameron and Avatar lost to his former wife[137] Kathryn Bigelow and her film, The Hurt Locker. On September 24, 2010, James Cameron was named Number 1 in The 2010 Guardian Film Power 100 list.[138] In a list compiled by the British magazine New Statesman in September 2010, he was listed 30th in the list of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures 2010".[139] The Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted Cameron in June 2012.[140] Awards Cameron has received numerous awards; mainly for Titanic and Avatar. Year Film Role Notes 1984 The Terminator Director and writer Avoriaz Fantastic Film Festival – Grand Prize Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award for Best Writing Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Director 1985 Rambo: First Blood Part II Writer Razzie Award for Worst Screenplay 1986 Aliens Director and writer Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award for Best Director Saturn Award for Best Writing Kinema Junpo Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated — Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film Nominated — DVD Exclusive Award for Best Audio Commentary 1989 The Abyss Director and writer Saturn Award for Best Director Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Writing Nominated — Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation 1991 Terminator 2: Judgment Day Director, Writer and Producer MTV Movie Award for Best Movie Ray Bradbury Award for Outstanding Dramatic Presentation[131] Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award for Best Director Mainichi Film Concour Award for Best Foreign Language Film People's Choice Award for Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture Nominated — Academy Award for Best Film Editing Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Writing Nominated — Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film 1994 True Lies Director, writer and producer Saturn Award for Best Director Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film Nominated — Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film 1997 Titanic Director, writer, producer and editor Academy Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Director Academy Award for Best Film Editing Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama Golden Globe Award for Best Director Empire Award for Best Film Amanda Award for Best Foreign Feature Film Eddie Award for Best Edited Feature Film Blue Ribbon Award for Best Foreign Language Film Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Director Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Producers Guild of America Award for Motion Picture Producer of the Year MTV Movie Award for Best Movie Hochi Film Award for Best Foreign Language Film Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film Mexican Cinema Journalists – Best Foreign Film International Monitor Award for Theatrical Releases – Color Correction Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film Kids' Choice Award for Favorite Movie Mainichi Film Award for Best Foreign Language Film National Board of Review Spotlight Award – For the use of special effects technology Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Director People's Choice Award for Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture People's Choice Award for Favorite Motion Picture Satellite Award for Best Film Satellite Award for Best Director Nominated - Saturn Award for Best Action or Adventure Film 2003 Ghosts of the Abyss Director and producer Nominated by the Broadcast Film Critics Association for Best Documentary 2009 Avatar[141] Director, writer, producer and editor Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama Golden Globe Award for Best Director Empire Award for Best Film Empire Award for Best Director Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Action Movie Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Editing Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film Lumière Award for Live Action 3-D Feature [Film] Youthfulness Award for Favourite Flick New York Film Critics Online Award for Best Film Santa Barbara International Film Festival Lucky Brand Modern Master Award PETA's Proggy Award for Outstanding Feature Film Environmental Media Award for Feature Film Saturn Award – Visionary Award Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award for Best Director Saturn Award for Best Writing Scream Award for 3-D Top Three Scream Award for Best Director Teen Choice Award for Favorite Sci-Fi Movie People's Choice Award for Favorite 3-D Live Action Movie People's Choice Award for Favorite 3-D Animated Movie Cinema of Brazil – Best Foreign Language Film Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists – Best 3-D Film Director Nominated — Academy Award for Best Picture Nominated — Academy Award for Best Director Nominated — Academy Award for Best Film Editing Nominated — Producers Guild of America Award for Motion Picture Producer of the Year


Collaborations Cameron has consistently worked with Bill Paxton, Michael Biehn, Lance Henriksen, Jenette Goldstein and Arnold Schwarzenegger. Actor Xenogenesis (1978) Piranha II: The Spawning (1981) The Terminator (1984) Aliens (1986) The Abyss (1989) Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) True Lies (1994) Titanic (1997) Expedition: Bismarck (2002) Ghosts of the Abyss (2003) Avatar (2009) Avatar 2 (2020) Avatar 3 (2021) Avatar 4 (2023) Avatar 5 (2025) Total Michael Biehn Y Y Y Y2 4 Earl Boen Y Y 2 Oona Chaplin Y Y Y Y 4 Cliff Curtis Y Y Y Y 4 Jenette Goldstein Y Y Y 3 Linda Hamilton Y Y 2 Lance Henriksen Y Y Y Y 4 Stephen Lang Y Y Y Y Y 5 Bill Paxton Y Y Y Y Y 5 C.C.H. Pounder Y Y Y Y Y 5 Giovanni Ribisi Y Y Y Y Y 5 Zoe Saldana Y Y Y Y Y 5 Arnold Schwarzenegger Y Y Y 3 Sigourney Weaver Y Y Y Y Y Y 6 Kate Winslet Y Y 2 William Wisher, Jr.1 Y Y Y Y 4 Sam Worthington Y Y Y Y Y 5 1 Apart from acting, Wisher Jr. also collaborated with Cameron in writing credits. 2 Biehn's reprise of the role of Kyle Reese was cut from the theatrical release, but was restored in the Special Edition on DVD/Blu-ray.


Recurring themes Cameron's films have recurring themes and subtexts. These include the conflicts between humanity and technology,[142] the dangers of corporate greed,[143] strong female characters,[144] and a strong romance subplot.[144] In almost all films, the main characters usually get into dramatic crisis situations with significant threats to their own life or even the threat of an impending apocalypse. The Abyss dealt with deep sea exploration (shot in an unfinished nuclear reactor filled with water) and Cameron himself became an expert in the field of deep-sea wreckage exploration, exploring the wreckage of the Titanic and the Bismarck.[145] Cameron will return to this theme with The Dive, shooting from a minisub.


Filmography Main article: James Cameron filmography Year Title Writer Studio 1981 Piranha II: The Spawning James Cameron, Ovidio G. Assonitis and Charles H. Eglee Columbia Pictures 1984 The Terminator James Cameron and Gale Anne Hurd Orion Pictures 1986 Aliens James Cameron, David Giler and Walter Hill 20th Century Fox 1989 The Abyss James Cameron 1991 Terminator 2: Judgment Day James Cameron and William Wisher TriStar Pictures 1994 True Lies James Cameron and Randall Frakes 20th Century Fox Universal Studios 1997 Titanic James Cameron Paramount Pictures 20th Century Fox 2009 Avatar 20th Century Fox 2020 Avatar 2 James Cameron and Josh Friedman 2021 Avatar 3 James Cameron, Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver Cameron has contributed to many projects as a writer, director, and producer, or as a combination of the three. Cameron's first film was the 1978 science fiction short film Xenogenesis, which he directed, wrote and produced. Cameron's films have grossed a total of over $7 billion worldwide. In addition to works of fiction, Cameron has directed and appeared in several documentaries including Ghosts of the Abyss and Aliens of the Deep. He also contributed to a number of television series including Dark Angel and Entourage.


Reception Critical, public and commercial reception to films James Cameron has directed as of May 7, 2015. Film Rotten Tomatoes[146] Metacritic[147] CinemaScore[148] Budget Box office[149] Piranha II: The Spawning 7% (3.4/10 average rating) (15 reviews) 15 (5 reviews) N/A $145,786 N/A The Terminator 100% (8.8/10 average rating) (58 reviews) 83 (11 reviews) N/A $6,400,000 $78,371,200 Aliens 98% (9/10 average rating) (65 reviews) 86 (10 reviews) A $17,000,000 $131,060,248 The Abyss 89% (7.2/10 average rating) (44 reviews) 62 (14 reviews) A $70,000,000 $90,000,098 Terminator 2: Judgment Day 93% (8.4/10 average rating) (74 reviews) 75 (22 reviews) A+ $94,000,000 $519,843,345 True Lies 72% (6.6/10 average rating) (47 reviews) 63 (17 reviews) A $115,000,000 $378,882,411 Titanic 88% (8/10 average rating) (181 reviews) 75 (35 reviews) A+ $200,000,000 $2,186,772,302 Ghosts of the Abyss 80% (7.1/10 average rating) (102 reviews) 67 (24 reviews) N/A $13,000,000 $28,780,668 Aliens of the Deep 84% (7/10 average rating) (61 reviews) 71 (18 reviews) N/A $12,770,637 Avatar 83% (7.5/10 average rating) (299 reviews) 83 (35 reviews) A $237,000,000 $2,787,965,087 Film portal Speculative fiction portal


See also James Cameron's unrealized projects


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"James Cameron on Titanic's Legacy and the Impact of a Fox Studio Sale". Vanity Fair. Retrieved November 27, 2017.  ^ Cameron, James (March 8, 2012). "You'd have loved it". National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on March 23, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012.  ^ Rebecca Morelle (March 26, 2012). "James Cameron back on surface after deepest ocean dive". BBC News. Retrieved March 26, 2012.  ^ "Man's Deepest Dive" Archived March 27, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Jacques Piccard. National Geographic. August 1960. ^ "Video from Cameron's Dive Reveals New Species". livescience.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ Barclay, Eliza (June 8, 2014). "James Cameron-Backed School To Terminate Meat And Dairy". NPR. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014. The turn happened, Amis Cameron says, when the couple went vegan in 2012 after watching the documentary Forks over Knives.  ^ Woods, Judith (October 2, 2012). "Rare interview with director James Cameron: Titanic temper, Kate Winslet, and veganism". Calgary Herald. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2014. He drives a Toyota Hybrid that is a whole six years old and recently became vegan, along with his family of five children, aged from five to 23.  ^ "National Geographic 125th gala: James Cameron goes vegan, Felix Baumgartner dazzles the ladies". Washington Post. June 15, 2013.  ^ "James Cameron Ask Me Anything".  ^ "thegamechangersmovie.com - Registered at Namecheap.com". thegamechangersmovie.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ Metro.co.uk, Deni Kirkova for. "First ever vegan school in the US says you can't consume animals and care for the environment". Metro. Retrieved January 9, 2016.  ^ John, Emma (June 2, 2013). "Joss Whedon: 'I kept telling my mum reading comics would pay off'". Retrieved July 11, 2017 – via The Guardian.  ^ "/Film Interview: Joss Whedon, Writer and Director of 'The Avengers'". Retrieved July 16, 2012.  ^ Fernandez, Jay A. (May 25, 2011). "Michael Bay Reveals James Cameron's Secret Role in the Making of 'Transformers'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 16, 2012.  ^ Hogan, Mike (May 13, 2013). "Baz Luhrmann, 'Great Gatsby' Director, Explains The 3D, The Hip Hop, The Sanitarium And More". Huffington Post.  ^ "PJ FAQ". Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved June 5, 2013.  ^ "'Chappie' review: Director Neill Blomkamp stumbles with grating sci-fi comedy". mlive.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ "Quentin Tarantino Gushes About 'Avatar' At The Golden Globes". mtv.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ "Author Chat Transcript". Barnes & Noble. August 31, 1999.  ^ "Uncle Orson Reviews Everything: Orson Welles Up in the Air". January 3, 2010.  ^ a b Gumbel, Andrew (January 11, 2007). "The Return of James Cameron". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007.  ^ Worthington's appearance on The Jay Leno Show[dead link] ^ Walker, Tim (December 12, 2009). "James Cameron: Another Planet". The Independent. London.  ^ Bowles, Duncan (August 31, 2011). "The ultimate Michael Biehn interview: The Abyss, Tombstone, and his directorial debut, The Victim". Den of Geek.  ^ "James Horner: James Cameron pays tribute to composer – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved June 6, 2016.  ^ Flores, Marshall. "In Memoriam: a Tribute to James Horner (1953–2015)". Awards Daily. Retrieved June 6, 2016.  ^ Seikaly, Tim Gray,Shalini Dore,Andrea (March 3, 2014). "Oscars Parties: Governors Ball, Elton John and the Inaugural Fame & Philanthropy Party". variety.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ "Jamie Lee Curtis and Kids Arrive for Avatar". interviewmagazine.com.  ^ a b "Cameron, James" Archived May 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index of Dramatic Nominees. Locus Publications. Retrieved April 11, 2013. ^ "Honorary Degrees Awarded by Campus | CSU". Calstate.edu. Archived from the original on August 10, 2010. Retrieved August 27, 2010.  ^ "National Oceanography Centre heralds Cameron achievement". NOC. March 26, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2012.  ^ "Steve Nash, kd lang among new Walk of Fame inductees". CTV.ca. June 3, 2008. Archived from the original on June 4, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ "'Avatar' Director Gets Star On Walk Of Fame". CBS. December 18, 2009. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved December 19, 2009.  ^ "67th Annual Golden Globe Awards". January 10, 2010. Archived from the original on January 8, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2010.  ^ Ridley J (2010). James Cameron and Kathryn Bigelow: Exes go from divorce contention to Oscar contention. NYDailyNews. Retrieved March 8, 2010. ^ Bradshaw, Peter; Kermode, Mark (September 24, 2010). "The 2010 Guardian Film Power 100". The Guardian. London.  ^ "30th James Cameron – 50 People Who Matter 2010". Retrieved November 2, 2010.  ^ "Science Fiction Hall of Fame: EMP Museum Announces the 2012 Science Fiction Hall of Fame Inductees". May/June 2012. EMP Museum (empmuseum.org). Archived July 22, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2013. ^ List of accolades received by Avatar ^ P Vlad (December 27, 2009). "De Star Wars à Avatar : prouesse technologique et science-fiction politique" (in French). Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ Linh (December 17, 2009). "Avatar in 3D; sci-fi fantasy action drama film review". Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ a b Joseph Dilworth Jr. (December 18, 2009). "Review: James Cameron's 'Avatar'". Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ Nathan Southern. "Who2 Biography: James Cameron, Filmmaker". All Movie Guide. Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ "James Cameron". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 7, 2015.  ^ "James Cameron". Metacritic. Retrieved May 7, 2015.  ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. Retrieved May 7, 2015.  ^ "James Cameron Movie Box Office". boxofficemojo.com. Amazon.com. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 


Further reading Matthew Wilhelm Kapell and Stephen McVeigh, eds., The Films of James Cameron: Critical Essays. McFarland & Company. 2011. Keegan, Rebecca Winters (2009), The Futurist: The Life and Films of James Cameron, Crown Publishers, ISBN 978-0-307-46031-8  Parisi, Paula (1999), Titanic and the Making of James Cameron: The Inside Story of the Three-Year Adventure That Rewrote Motion Picture History, Newmarket Press, ISBN 1-55704-364-7 


External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Cameron. Wikiquote has quotations related to: James Cameron James Cameron on IMDb Works by or about James Cameron in libraries (WorldCat catalog) James Cameron at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database "James Cameron collected news and commentary". The Guardian.  "James Cameron collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  James Cameron at AllMovie James Cameron at TED Deepsea Challenge at National Geographic – Mariana Trench dive (March 26, 2012) and later coverage of Deepsea Challenger James Cameron at the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame Cameron at Library of Congress Authorities, with 22 catalog records The films of James Cameron, Hell Is For Hyphenates, September 30, 2013 How Many More Avatar Movies Does James Cameron Have in Mind, Insert Movies, May 2, 2015 v t e James Cameron Filmography Films directed Feature Piranha II: The Spawning (1981) The Terminator (1984) Aliens (1986) The Abyss (1989) Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) True Lies (1994) Titanic (1997) Avatar (2009) Avatar 2 (2020) Avatar 3 (2021) Short Xenogenesis (1978) T2 3-D: Battle Across Time (1996) Documentaries Expedition: Bismarck (2002) Ghosts of the Abyss (2003) Aliens of the Deep (2005) Written only Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) Strange Days (1995) Alita: Battle Angel (2018) Produced only Strange Days (1995) Solaris (2002) Alita: Battle Angel (2018) Related articles Lightstorm Entertainment Dark Angel Deepsea Challenger Pristimantis jamescameroni v t e James Cameron's Avatar Films Avatar Avatar 2 Avatar 3 Media Soundtrack album "I See You" Video game Art book Toruk - The First Flight Universe Fictional universe Pandoran biosphere Na'vi language Na'vi grammar Related Awards and honors Box office records Themes Pandora – The World of Avatar Avatar Flight of Passage Na'vi River Journey Other Avatar Hallelujah Mountain "Dances with Smurfs" "Treehouse of Horror XXII" This Ain't Avatar XXX Book Category Awards for James Cameron v t e Academy Award for Best Director 1920s Frank Borzage (1927) Lewis Milestone (1928) Frank Lloyd (1929) 1930s Lewis Milestone (1930) Norman Taurog (1931) Frank Borzage (1932) Frank Lloyd (1933) Frank Capra (1934) John Ford (1935) Frank Capra (1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra (1938) Victor Fleming (1939) 1940s John Ford (1940) John Ford (1941) William Wyler (1942) Michael Curtiz (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder (1945) William Wyler (1946) Elia Kazan (1947) John Huston (1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1949) 1950s Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1950) George Stevens (1951) John Ford (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Delbert Mann (1955) George Stevens (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) 1960s Billy Wilder (1960) Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise (1961) David Lean (1962) Tony Richardson (1963) George Cukor (1964) Robert Wise (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Carol Reed (1968) John Schlesinger (1969) 1970s Franklin J. Schaffner (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Bob Fosse (1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) John G. Avildsen (1976) Woody Allen (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Robert Benton (1979) 1980s Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) Sydney Pollack (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Barry Levinson (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) 1990s Kevin Costner (1990) Jonathan Demme (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Mel Gibson (1995) Anthony Minghella (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) 2000s Steven Soderbergh (2000) Ron Howard (2001) Roman Polanski (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) 2010s Tom Hooper (2010) Michel Hazanavicius (2011) Ang Lee (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) v t e Academy Award for Best Film Editing 1934–1950 Conrad A. Nervig (1934) Ralph Dawson (1935) Ralph Dawson (1936) Gene Havlick and Gene Milford (1937) Ralph Dawson (1938) Hal C. Kern and James E. Newcom (1939) Anne Bauchens (1940) William Holmes (1941) Daniel Mandell (1942) George Amy (1943) Barbara McLean (1944) Robert J. Kern (1945) Daniel Mandell (1946) Francis Lyon and Robert Parrish (1947) Paul Weatherwax (1948) Harry W. Gerstad (1949) Ralph E. Winters and Conrad A. Nervig (1950) 1951–1975 William Hornbeck (1951) Elmo Williams and Harry W. Gerstad (1952) William Lyon (1953) Gene Milford (1954) Charles Nelson and William Lyon (1955) Gene Ruggiero and Paul Weatherwax (1956) Peter Taylor (1957) Adrienne Fazan (1958) Ralph E. Winters and John D. Dunning (1959) Daniel Mandell (1960) Thomas Stanford (1961) Anne V. Coates (1962) Harold F. Kress (1963) Cotton Warburton (1964) William H. Reynolds (1965) Fredric Steinkamp, Henry Berman, Stewart Linder, and Frank Santillo (1966) Hal Ashby (1967) Frank P. Keller (1968) Françoise Bonnot (1969) Hugh S. Fowler (1970) Gerald B. Greenberg (1971) David Bretherton (1972) William H. Reynolds (1973) Harold F. Kress and Carl Kress (1974) Verna Fields (1975) 1976–2000 Richard Halsey and Scott Conrad (1976) Paul Hirsch, Marcia Lucas, and Richard Chew (1977) Peter Zinner (1978) Alan Heim (1979) Thelma Schoonmaker (1980) Michael Kahn (1981) John Bloom (1982) Glenn Farr, Lisa Fruchtman, Tom Rolf, Stephen A. Rotter, and Douglas Stewart (1983) Jim Clark (1984) Thom Noble (1985) Claire Simpson (1986) Gabriella Cristiani (1987) Arthur Schmidt (1988) David Brenner and Joe Hutshing (1989) Neil Travis (1990) Joe Hutshing and Pietro Scalia (1991) Joel Cox (1992) Michael Kahn (1993) Arthur Schmidt (1994) Mike Hill and Daniel P. Hanley (1995) Walter Murch (1996) Conrad Buff IV, James Cameron, and Richard A. Harris (1997) Michael Kahn (1998) Zach Staenberg (1999) Stephen Mirrione (2000) 2001–present Pietro Scalia (2001) Martin Walsh (2002) Jamie Selkirk (2003) Thelma Schoonmaker (2004) Hughes Winborne (2005) Thelma Schoonmaker (2006) Christopher Rouse (2007) Chris Dickens (2008) Chris Innis and Bob Murawski (2009) Angus Wall and Kirk Baxter (2010) Angus Wall and Kirk Baxter (2011) William Goldenberg (2012) Alfonso Cuarón and Mark Sanger (2013) Tom Cross (2014) Margaret Sixel (2015) John Gilbert (2016) Best Film Editing became Best Editing in 1999 v t e Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Director 1990s Mel Gibson (1995) Anthony Minghella (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) 2000s Steven Soderbergh (2000) Ron Howard / Baz Luhrmann (2001) Steven Spielberg (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Martin Scorsese (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) 2010s David Fincher (2010) Michel Hazanavicius (2011) Ben Affleck (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Richard Linklater (2014) George Miller (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Editing 2000s Stephen E. Rivkin, John Refoua and James Cameron (2009) 2010s Lee Smith (2010) Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall (2011) William Goldenberg and Dylan Tichenor (2012) Alfonso Cuarón and Mark Sanger (2013) Douglas Crise and Stephen Mirrione (2014) Margaret Sixel (2015) Tom Cross (2016) Paul Machliss and Jonathan Amos / Lee Smith (2017) v t e Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film 1948–1975 Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1948) Robert Rossen (1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1950) George Stevens (1951) John Ford (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Delbert Mann (1955) George Stevens (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) Billy Wilder (1960) Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise (1961) David Lean (1962) Tony Richardson (1963) George Cukor (1964) Robert Wise (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger (1969) Franklin J. Schaffner (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Francis Ford Coppola (1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) 1976–2000 John G. Avildsen (1976) Woody Allen (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) Steven Spielberg (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Barry Levinson (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) Kevin Costner (1990) Jonathan Demme (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Ron Howard (1995) Anthony Minghella (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) Ang Lee (2000) 2001–present Ron Howard (2001) Rob Marshall (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) Tom Hooper (2010) Michel Hazanavicius (2011) Ben Affleck (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Empire Award for Best Director Danny Boyle (1996) Terry Gilliam (1997) Cameron Crowe (1998) Steven Spielberg (1999) M. Night Shyamalan (2000) Bryan Singer (2001) Baz Luhrmann (2002) Steven Spielberg (2003) Quentin Tarantino (2004) Sam Raimi (2005) Nick Park and Steve Box (2006) Christopher Nolan (2007) David Yates (2008) Christopher Nolan (2009) James Cameron (2010) Edgar Wright (2011) David Yates (2012) Sam Mendes (2013) Alfonso Cuarón (2014) Christopher Nolan (2015) J. J. Abrams (2016) Gareth Edwards (2017) v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1940s Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder (1945) Frank Capra (1946) Elia Kazan (1947) John Huston (1948) Robert Rossen (1949) 1950s Billy Wilder (1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) 1960s Jack Cardiff (1960) Stanley Kramer (1961) David Lean (1962) Elia Kazan (1963) George Cukor (1964) David Lean (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Paul Newman (1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) 1970s Arthur Hiller (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Francis Ford Coppola (1972) William Friedkin (1973) Roman Polanski (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) Sidney Lumet (1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Francis Ford Coppola (1979) 1980s Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) Barbra Streisand (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) John Huston (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Clint Eastwood (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) 1990s Kevin Costner (1990) Oliver Stone (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Mel Gibson (1995) Miloš Forman (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) 2000s Ang Lee (2000) Robert Altman (2001) Martin Scorsese (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Julian Schnabel (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) James Cameron (2009) 2010s David Fincher (2010) Martin Scorsese (2011) Ben Affleck (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Richard Linklater (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Screenplay 1980–2000 Can't Stop the Music – Bronte Woodard and Allan Carr (1980) Mommie Dearest – Frank Yablans, Frank Perry, Tracy Hotchner and Robert Getchell (1981) Inchon – Robin Moore and Laird Koenig (1982) The Lonely Lady – John Kershaw, Shawn Randall and Ellen Shephard (1983) Bolero – John Derek (1984) Rambo: First Blood Part II – Sylvester Stallone, James Cameron and Kevin Jarre (1985) Howard the Duck – Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz (1986) Leonard Part 6 – Jonathan Reynolds and Bill Cosby (1987) Cocktail – Heywood Gould (1988) Harlem Nights – Eddie Murphy (1989) The Adventures of Ford Fairlane – Daniel Waters, James Cappe & David Arnott (1990) Hudson Hawk – Steven E. de Souza, Daniel Waters, Bruce Willis and Robert Kraft (1991) Stop! Or My Mom Will Shoot – Blake Snyder, William Osborne and William Davies – (1992) Indecent Proposal – Amy Holden Jones (1993) The Flintstones – Jim Jennewein, Steven E. de Souza, Tom S. Parker and various others (1994) Showgirls – Joe Eszterhas (1995) Striptease – Andrew Bergman (1996) The Postman – Eric Roth and Brian Helgeland (1997) An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn – Joe Eszterhas (1998) Wild Wild West – Jim Thomas, John Thomas, S. S. Wilson, Brent Maddock, Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman (1999) Battlefield Earth – Corey Mandell and J. David Shapiro (2000) 2001–present Freddy Got Fingered – Tom Green & Derek Harvie (2001) Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones – George Lucas and Jonathan Hales (2002) Gigli – Martin Brest (2003) Catwoman – Theresa Rebeck, John Brancato, Michael Ferris and John Rogers (2004) Dirty Love – Jenny McCarthy (2005) Basic Instinct 2 – Leora Barish and Henry Bean (2006) I Know Who Killed Me – Jeffrey Hammond (2007) The Love Guru – Mike Myers & Graham Gordy (2008) Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen – Ehren Kruger, Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci (2009) The Last Airbender – M. Night Shyamalan (2010) Jack and Jill – Steve Koren and Adam Sandler, story by Ben Zook (2011) That's My Boy - David Caspe (2012) Movie 43 - Steve Baker, Ricky Blitt, Will Carlough, Tobias Carlson, Jacob Fleisher, Patrik Forsberg, Will Graham, James Gunn, Claes Kjellstrom, Jack Kukoda, Bob Odenkirk, Bill O'Malley, Matthew Alec Portenoy, Greg Pritikin, Rocky Russo, Olle Sarri, Elizabeth Wright Shapiro, Jeremy Sosenko, Jonathan van Tulleken and Jonas Wittenmark (2013) Saving Christmas - Darren Doane and Cheston Hervey (2014) Fifty Shades of Grey - Kelly Marcel (2015) Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice - Chris Terrio and David S. Goyer (2016) v t e Satellite Award for Best Director 1990s Joel Coen (1996) James Cameron (1997) Terrence Malick (1998) Michael Mann (1999) 2000s Steven Soderbergh (2000) Baz Luhrmann (2001) Todd Haynes (2002) Jim Sheridan (2003) Mel Gibson (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Clint Eastwood (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) 2010s David Fincher (2010) Nicolas Winding Refn (2011) David O. Russell (2012) Steve McQueen (2013) Richard Linklater (2014) Tom McCarthy (2015) Kenneth Lonergan (2016) Jordan Peele (2017) v t e Saturn Award for Best Director Mel Brooks (1974/75) Dan Curtis (1976) George Lucas/Steven Spielberg (1977) Philip Kaufman (1978) Ridley Scott (1979) Irvin Kershner (1980) Steven Spielberg (1981) Nicholas Meyer (1982) John Badham (1983) Joe Dante (1984) Ron Howard (1985) James Cameron (1986) Paul Verhoeven (1987) Robert Zemeckis (1988) James Cameron (1989/90) James Cameron (1991) Francis Ford Coppola (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) James Cameron (1994) Kathryn Bigelow (1995) Roland Emmerich (1996) John Woo (1997) Michael Bay (1998) Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski (1999) Bryan Singer (2000) Peter Jackson (2001) Steven Spielberg (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Sam Raimi (2004) Peter Jackson (2005) Bryan Singer (2006) Zack Snyder (2007) Jon Favreau (2008) James Cameron (2009) Christopher Nolan (2010) J. J. Abrams (2011) Joss Whedon (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) James Gunn (2014) Ridley Scott (2015) Gareth Edwards (2016) v t e Saturn Award for Best Writing William Peter Blatty (1973) Ib Melchior/Harlan Ellison (1974/75) Jimmy Sangster (1976) George Lucas (1977) Elaine May and Warren Beatty (1978) Nicholas Meyer (1979) William Peter Blatty (1980) Lawrence Kasdan (1981) Melissa Mathison (1982) Ray Bradbury (1983) James Cameron and Gale Anne Hurd (1984) Tom Holland (1985) James Cameron (1986) Michael Miner and Edward Neumeier (1987) Gary Ross and Anne Spielberg (1988) William Peter Blatty (1989/90) Ted Tally (1991) James V. Hart (1992) Michael Crichton and David Koepp (1993) Jim Harrison and Wesley Strick (1994) Andrew Kevin Walker (1995) Kevin Williamson (1996) Mike Werb and Michael Colleary (1997) Andrew Niccol (1998) Charlie Kaufman (1999) David Hayter (2000) Steven Spielberg (2001) Scott Frank and Jon Cohen (2002) Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson (2003) Alvin Sargent (2004) Christopher Nolan and David S. Goyer (2005) Michael Dougherty and Dan Harris (2006) Brad Bird (2007) Christopher and Jonathan Nolan (2008) James Cameron (2009) Christopher Nolan (2010) Jeff Nichols (2011) Quentin Tarantino (2012) Spike Jonze (2013) Christopher and Jonathan Nolan (2014) Lawrence Kasdan, J. J. Abrams, and Michael Arndt (2015) Eric Heisserer (2016) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 106079065 LCCN: n91061506 ISNI: 0000 0001 2146 3344 GND: 119066890 SELIBR: 311433 SUDOC: 028596676 BNF: cb12040046k (data) BIBSYS: 97001284 NLA: 35959776 NDL: 00512374 NKC: xx0015485 ICCU: IT\ICCU\TO0V\157350 BNE: XX1151689 SNAC: w6cv4pk8 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Cameron&oldid=827266781" Categories: James Cameron1954 birthsBest Directing Academy Award winnersBest Director Empire Award winnersBest Director Golden Globe winnersBest Film Editing Academy Award winnersProducers who won the Best Picture Academy AwardScience Fiction Hall of Fame inducteesCalifornia State University, Fullerton alumniCanadian atheistsCanadian expatriate film directors in the United StatesCanadian film directorsCanadian emigrants to the United StatesCanadian screenwritersCanadian television directorsCanadian television producersCanadian television writersCanadian documentary film producersCanadian documentary film directorsCanadian documentary filmmakersEnglish-language film directorsLiving peoplePeople from KapuskasingPeople from Niagara Falls, OntarioPeople from Brea, CaliforniaScience fiction film directorsSpecial effects peopleCanadian film producersCanadian film editorsCanadian inventorsFilm directors from CaliforniaNew Zealand people of Canadian descentGolden Globe Award-winning producersDirectors Guild of America Award winnersAction film directorsFantasy film directorsHorror film directorsPeople from Malibu, CaliforniaCanadian billionairesAmerican billionairesHidden categories: Pages with reference errorsWebarchive template wayback linksPages with broken reference namesAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from June 2016CS1 French-language sources (fr)Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalismUse mdy dates from July 2017Pages using deprecated image syntaxArticles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from November 2017Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016AC with 14 elementsWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with SBN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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This Article Is Semi-protected Until December 7, 2019, Due To VandalismJames Cameron (disambiguation)Kapuskasing, OntarioMalibu, CaliforniaWairarapaFullerton CollegeCalifornia State University, FullertonGale Anne HurdKathryn BigelowLinda HamiltonSuzy AmisThe TerminatorAliens (film)The AbyssTerminator 2: Judgment DayTrue LiesTitanic (1997 Film)Academy AwardsAcademy Award For Best PictureAcademy Award For Best DirectorAcademy Award For Best Film EditingAvatar (2009 Film)3D Technology3D FilmFusion Camera SystemUnderwater VideographyRemotely Operated Underwater VehicleMariana TrenchDeepsea ChallengerList Of Highest-grossing FilmsVanity Fair (magazine)Pristimantis JamescameroniVeganismKapuskasingElectrical EngineerBalquhidderChippawa, OntarioNiagara Falls, OntarioBrea, CaliforniaSonora High SchoolBrea Olinda High SchoolFullerton CollegeHistory Of Film TechnologyPhotocopyFilm IndustryStar Wars (film)Syd FieldScreenplay (book)Rock And Roll High SchoolRoger CormanBattle Beyond The StarsEscape From New YorkGalaxy Of TerrorAndroid (film)Piranha (1978 Film)Piranha II: The SpawningOvidio AssonitisRome, ItalyGrand Cayman IslandJamaicaCarole DavisThe TerminatorEnlargeThe TerminatorHemdale Film CorporationGale Anne HurdPacific Western ProductionsOrion PicturesLance HenriksenArnold SchwarzeneggerKyle ReeseCyborgBodybuilderLos Angeles Police DepartmentKyle ReeseMichael BiehnLinda HamiltonSarah Connor (Terminator)Orion PicturesSci-fi FilmRambo: First Blood Part IIAliens (film)Rambo: First Blood Part IISylvester StalloneRambo: First Blood Part IIAliens (film)EnlargeAlien (film)Ridley ScottSigourney WeaverEllen RipleyMichael BiehnJames RemarAcademy AwardsAcademy Award For Best ActressAcademy Award For Best Production DesignAcademy Award For Best Film EditingAcademy Award For Best Original ScoreAcademy Award For Best Sound MixingAcademy Award For Best Sound EditingAcademy Award For Best Visual EffectsFeminismThe AbyssThe AbyssEd HarrisMary Elizabeth MastrantonioMichael BiehnTerminator 2: Judgment DaySarah Connor (Terminator)Mario KassarCarolco PicturesTerminator 2: Judgment DayLinda HamiltonT-1000Robert PatrickPanzer TankPorscheTriStar PicturesWilliam Wisher Jr.R-ratedAcademy AwardsAcademy Award For Best Makeup And HairstylingAcademy Award For Best Sound MixingAcademy Award For Best Sound EditingAcademy Award For Best Visual EffectsAcademy Award For Best CinematographyAcademy Award For Best Film EditingJFK (film)Terminator 3: Rise Of The MachinesJonathan MostowT2 3-D: Battle Across TimeUniversal StudiosTrue LiesLa Totale!True LiesNuclear WeaponJamie Lee CurtisEliza DushkuTom Arnold (actor)Strange Days (film)Jay CocksTitanic (1997 Film)RMS TitanicWikipedia:Citation NeededLeonardo DiCaprioKate WinsletBilly ZaneKathy BatesFrances FisherGloria StuartBernard HillJonathan HydeVictor GarberDanny NucciDavid Warner (actor)Suzy AmisBill PaxtonList Of Highest-grossing FilmsList Of Highest-grossing Films In Canada And The United StatesAvatar (2009 Film)Computer-generated ImageryAll About Eve70th Academy AwardsBen-Hur (1959 Film)The Lord Of The Rings: The Return Of The KingAcademy Award For Best PictureAcademy Award For Best DirectorAcademy Award For Best Production DesignAcademy Award For Best CinematographyAcademy Award For Best Visual EffectsAcademy Award For Best Film EditingAcademy Award For Best Costume DesignAcademy Award For Best Sound MixingAcademy Award For Best Sound EditingAcademy Award For Best Original ScoreAcademy Award For Best Original SongJon Landau (film Producer)Royal Albert HallSpider-Man In FilmDark Angel (TV Series)Spider-ManMenahem GolanCannon FilmsDavid KoeppAlvin SargentWriters Guild Of America, EastWikipedia:Citation NeededSpider-Man (2002 Film)Dark Angel (TV Series)SuperheroineCyberpunkBiopunkThird-wave FeminismCharles H. 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PounderGiovanni RibisiZoe SaldanaArnold SchwarzeneggerSigourney WeaverKate WinsletWilliam Wisher, Jr.Sam WorthingtonApocalypseJames Cameron FilmographyPiranha II: The SpawningOvidio G. AssonitisCharles H. 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