Contents 1 History 2 Users 3 Operation 4 Versions 5 Argentinian variants 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References


History[edit] The Ithaca 37 is based on a 1915 patent by the famous firearms designer John Browning, initially marketed as the Remington Model 17. The Model 17 was a 20-gauge of trim proportions, which Remington later redesigned and refined into the popular side-ejecting Remington Model 31. The Model 31 would eventually be replaced in production by the Remington 870 which was less expensive to manufacture. Following the First World War, the Ithaca Gun Company was searching for a pump-action shotgun to produce, primarily to compete with the ubiquitous Winchester Model 1912. They settled on waiting for Remington Model 17 patents to expire. After gearing for production of the Ithaca Model 33, they discovered a Pedersen patent that would not expire until 1937; along with the introduction date, they changed the model designation from 33 to 37. With the depression dragging on and war looming on the horizon, it was possibly the worst time to introduce a sporting arm. Many sporting arms ceased production entirely during the same period. While Ithaca did produce some shotguns for military use during the war, they also produced M1911 pistols and M3 Grease Guns. After WW-II, Ithaca resumed production of the Model 37. Made in many different models, the Ithaca 37 has the longest production run for a pump-action shotgun in history, surpassing that of the Winchester Model 12 that had originally inspired Ithaca to produce pump-action shotguns. Ithaca has suffered many setbacks in its history, changing hands numerous times. At one time, the Ithaca 37 was renamed the Model 87, although it was soon changed back in one of many ownership changes. Production paused in 2005 when Ithaca once again changed hands. Production has resumed in Upper Sandusky, Ohio.


Users[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The Model 37 was used by the United States armed forces in World War II, the Korean War, and especially the Vietnam War, where it gained a great reputation for reliability in the jungles of Vietnam. The largest single users outside the US Military were the New York City Police Department in 2 versions- 13" barrel with forend hand-strap for the Emergency Service Unit and 18" barrel for the Highway Patrol and the Los Angeles Police Department. Along with the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, numerous other users include military, police, security agencies, and prisons around the world. The Ithaca 37 remains a popular choice among civilians for both sport and personal protection. The Model 37 featherlight was commonly seen in the hands of farmers and hunters in the midwestern United States.


Operation[edit] Loading the Ithaca 37 involves inserting shotshells of the proper gauge through the loading/ejection port in the bottom of the receiver and pushing them forward into the magazine until retained by the shell stop. The slide release is pressed and the slide retracted completely then pushed forward. Pulling the trigger fires the gun and releases the slide for reloading. On most models up to 1975, a second sear was installed that would drop the hammer as soon the gun went into battery if the trigger was in a depressed condition. Thus, holding the trigger down allowed the gun to fire the instant a new round is cycled into the chamber without requiring the trigger to be released; this feature was called "slam-fire". Otherwise, the model 37 operates in much the same way as other pump-action shotguns.


Versions[edit] There are versions too numerous to mention. Here are some popular models: S-prefix: were manufactured for a 1962 United States military contract. S-prefixed serial numbers ran from approximately 1,000 to 23,000 with "U.S." on the receiver and "P" proof markings on the barrel and receiver. The guns have a Parkerized finish with a 20 inches (51 cm) barrel and plain stock with plastic butt plate and no sling swivels. A few later contracts produced smaller numbers of guns with sling swivels and serial numbers in the high 900,000 range. Some had "duckbill spreader" shot diverters for use by United States Navy SEALs. Others were fitted with a ventilated handguard and bayonet adapter. New bayonets were manufactured by General Cutlery, Inc. and Canada Arsenal, Ltd.[1] Ultralite: an aluminum receiver variation. Deerslayer: a version with a shortened barrel and rifle-style sighting system. DSPS: for Deerslayer Police Special. A military and police version Stakeout: short version with a 13 inches (330 mm) barrel and pistol grip stock, which was notable for being the signature weapon for Ricardo Tubbs, Philip Michael Thomas' character on Miami Vice as well as being the secondary weapon of Corporal Hicks in Aliens (although it was technically a modified hunting variant) and Aliens: Colonial Marines, where it has the words "no fate" carved into the top, a reference to Michael Biehn's role in The Terminator. 28 Gauge: 28 gauge model built on traditional size 28 gauge receiver.[2] Defense: an affordable 12 or 20 gauge model built for home defense purposes. 18.5" barrel with 5-round capacity or 20" barrel with 8-round capacity.


Argentinian variants[edit] The Argentinian firm Industrias Marcati manufactured the Ithaca 37 under licence as the Bataan Modelo 71.[3][4][5]


See also[edit] Combat shotguns List of shotguns Winchester Model 12


Notes[edit] ^ Canfield, Bruce N. American Rifleman (March 2002) pp. 44-47 & 92-95 ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-06-19.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2011-06-19.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2011-06-19. 


References[edit] Fawcett, Bill. Hunters & Shooters, An Oral History of the U.S. Navy SEALS in Vietnam. NY: Avon Books, 1995. ISBN 0-380-72166-X, pp. 79–80, especially. Snyder, Walter C. Ithaca Featherlight Repeaters, The Best Gun Going. NC: Cook and Uline Pub, 1998. ISBN 0-9629469-1-5 v t e U.S. infantry weapons of World War II and Korea Side arms M1911/M1911A1 pistol Colt Model 1903/1908 Pocket Hammerless High Standard HDM M1917 revolver Smith & Wesson "Victory" revolver Colt New Service Colt Official Police Rifles and carbines M1903 Springfield M1917 Enfield M1 Garand M1 carbine M1941 Johnson Rifle Submachine guns M1928/M1928A1/M1/M1A1 Thompson M3/M3A1 'Grease gun' Reising M50/M55 United Defense M42 Grenades Mk 2 M7 grenade launcher Shotguns Winchester Model 1897 Ithaca M37 Winchester Model 1912 Browning Auto-5 Remington Model 31 Stevens M520-30/M620 Machine guns and larger M1917 Browning M1918 BAR M1919 Browning M1941 Johnson LMG M2 Browning Lewis Gun Bazooka M2 flamethrower M1A1 flamethrower Cartridges .22 LR .45 ACP .38 Special .30 Carbine .30-06 Springfield .50 BMG v t e John Browning Semi-automatic pistols FN M1900 Colt M1900 Colt M1902 FN Model 1903 M1903 Pocket Hammer M1903 Pocket Hammerless FN M1905 M1908 Vest Pocket FN Model 1910 M1911 Colt Woodsman Baby Browning Hi-Power Rifles Winchester Model 1885 Winchester Model 1886 Winchester 1892 Winchester Model 1894 Winchester Model 1895 Remington Model 8 Remington Model 24 FN Trombone Shotguns Winchester Model 1887 Winchester Model 1897 Browning Auto-5/Remington Model 11 Remington Model 17 Stevens Model 520/620 Browning Superposed Ithaca 37 Machine guns Colt–Browning M1895 Browning M1917 Browning Automatic Rifle Browning M1919 M2 Machine Gun Cartridges .25 ACP .32 ACP .38 ACP .380 ACP 9mm Browning Long .45 ACP .50 BMG Family Jonathan Browning (father) Val A. Browning (son) Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ithaca_37&oldid=815625723" Categories: Police weaponsPump-action shotgunsIthaca Gun Company firearmsWorld War II firearms of the United StatesCold War firearms of the United StatesShotguns of the United StatesWeapons of the Philippine ArmyHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from November 2017Articles needing additional references from March 2008All articles needing additional referencesPages using deprecated image syntaxArticles needing additional references from July 2009


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