Contents 1 Overview 2 Language usage 3 Name and abbreviations 4 History 5 Structure 5.1 IEC joint committees 5.1.1 ISO/IEC JTC 1 5.1.2 ISO/IEC JTC 2 6 Membership 7 Financing 8 International Standards and other publications 8.1 Document copyright 9 Standardization process 10 Products named after ISO 11 Criticism 12 See also 13 References 13.1 Citations 13.2 Sources 14 External links

Overview[edit] The International Organization for Standardization, is an independent, non-governmental organization, the members of which are the standards organizations of the 163[1] member countries. It is the world's largest developer of voluntary international standards and facilitates world trade by providing common standards between nations. Over twenty thousand standards have been set covering everything from manufactured products and technology to food safety, agriculture and healthcare.[3] Use of the standards aids in the creation of products and services that are safe, reliable and of good quality. The standards help businesses increase productivity while minimizing errors and waste. By enabling products from different markets to be directly compared, they facilitate companies in entering new markets and assist in the development of global trade on a fair basis. The standards also serve to safeguard consumers and the end-users of products and services, ensuring that certified products conform to the minimum standards set internationally.[3]

Language usage[edit] The three official languages of the ISO are English, French, and Russian.[2]

Name and abbreviations[edit] The name of the organization in French is Organisation internationale de normalisation, and in Russian, Международная организация по стандартизации (Mezhdunarodnaya organizatsiya po standartizatsii). ISO is not an acronym. The organization adopted ISO as its abbreviated name in reference to the Greek word isos (ίσος, meaning equal),[4] as its name in the three official languages would have different acronyms. During the founding meetings of the new organization, the Greek word explanation was not invoked, so this meaning may have been made public later.[5] ISO gives this explanation of the name "Because 'International Organization for Standardization' would have different acronyms in different languages (IOS in English, OIN in French), our founders decided to give it the short form ISO. ISO is derived from the Greek isos, meaning equal. Whatever the country, whatever the language, the short form of our name is always ISO." Both the name ISO and the ISO logo are registered trademarks, and their use is restricted.[6]

History[edit] Plaque marking the building in Prague where the ISO's predecessor, the ISA, was founded. (Click to enlarge / read.) The organization today known as ISO began in 1926[dubious – discuss] as the International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations (ISA). It was suspended in 1942[7] during World War II, but after the war ISA was approached by the recently formed United Nations Standards Coordinating Committee (UNSCC) with a proposal to form a new global standards body. In October 1946, ISA and UNSCC delegates from 25 countries met in London and agreed to join forces to create the new International Organization for Standardization; the new organization officially began operations in February 1947.[8]

Structure[edit] ISO is a voluntary organization whose members are recognized authorities on standards, each one representing one country. Members meet annually at a General Assembly to discuss ISO's strategic objectives. The organization is coordinated by a Central Secretariat based in Geneva.[9] A Council with a rotating membership of 20 member bodies provides guidance and governance, including setting the Central Secretariat's annual budget.[9][10] The Technical Management Board is responsible for over 250 technical committees, who develop the ISO standards.[9][11][12][13] IEC joint committees[edit] ISO has formed joint committees with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) to develop standards and terminology in the areas of electrical and electronic related technologies. ISO/IEC JTC 1[edit] Information technology Main article: ISO/IEC JTC 1 ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC 1) was created in 1987 to "[d]evelop, maintain, promote and facilitate IT standards".[14] ISO/IEC JTC 2[edit] Joint Project Committee – Energy efficiency and renewable energy sources – Common terminology ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 2 (JTC 2) was created in 2009 for the purpose of "[s]tandardization in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources".[15]

Membership[edit] Further information: Countries in the International Organization for Standardization   ISO member countries with a national standards body and ISO voting rights.   Correspondent members (countries without a national standards body).   Subscriber members (countries with small economies). ISO has 162 national members.[1] ISO has three membership categories:[1] Member bodies are national bodies considered the most representative standards body in each country. These are the only members of ISO that have voting rights. Correspondent members are countries that do not have their own standards organization. These members are informed about ISO's work, but do not participate in standards promulgation. Subscriber members are countries with small economies. They pay reduced membership fees, but can follow the development of standards. Participating members are called "P" members, as opposed to observing members, who are called "O" members.

Financing[edit] ISO is funded by a combination of:[16] Organizations that manage the specific projects or loan experts to participate in the technical work. Subscriptions from member bodies. These subscriptions are in proportion to each country's gross national product and trade figures. Sale of standards.

International Standards and other publications[edit] See also: List of International Organization for Standardization standards ISO's main products are international standards. ISO also publishes technical reports, technical specifications, publicly available specifications, technical corrigenda, and guides.[17][18] International standards These are designated using the format ISO[/IEC] [/ASTM] [IS] nnnnn[-p]:[yyyy] Title, where nnnnn is the number of the standard, p is an optional part number, yyyy is the year published, and Title describes the subject. IEC for International Electrotechnical Commission is included if the standard results from the work of ISO/IEC JTC1 (the ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee). ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) is used for standards developed in cooperation with ASTM International. yyyy and IS are not used for an incomplete or unpublished standard and may under some circumstances be left off the title of a published work. Technical reports These are issued when a technical committee or subcommittee has collected data of a different kind from that normally published as an International Standard,[17] such as references and explanations. The naming conventions for these are the same as for standards, except TR prepended instead of IS in the report's name. For example: ISO/IEC TR 17799:2000 Code of Practice for Information Security Management ISO/TR 19033:2000 Technical product documentation — Metadata for construction documentation Technical and publicly available specifications Technical specifications may be produced when "the subject in question is still under development or where for any other reason there is the future but not immediate possibility of an agreement to publish an International Standard". A publicly available specification is usually "an intermediate specification, published prior to the development of a full International Standard, or, in IEC may be a 'dual logo' publication published in collaboration with an external organization".[17] By convention, both types of specification are named in a manner similar to the organization's technical reports. For example: ISO/TS 16952-1:2006 Technical product documentation — Reference designation system — Part 1: General application rules ISO/PAS 11154:2006 Road vehicles — Roof load carriers Technical corrigenda ISO also sometimes issues "technical corrigenda" (where "corrigenda" is the plural of corrigendum). These are amendments made to existing standards due to minor technical flaws, usability improvements, or limited-applicability extensions. They are generally issued with the expectation that the affected standard will be updated or withdrawn at its next scheduled review.[17] ISO guides These are meta-standards covering "matters related to international standardization".[17] They are named using the format "ISO[/IEC] Guide N:yyyy: Title". For example: ISO/IEC Guide 2:2004 Standardization and related activities — General vocabulary ISO/IEC Guide 65:1996 General requirements for bodies operating product certification Document copyright[edit] ISO documents are copyrighted and ISO charges for most copies. It does not, however, charge for most draft copies of documents in electronic format. Although they are useful, care must be taken using these drafts as there is the possibility of substantial change before they become finalized as standards. Some standards by ISO and its official U.S. representative (and, via the U.S. National Committee, the International Electrotechnical Commission) are made freely available.[19][20]

Standardization process[edit] A standard published by ISO/IEC is the last stage of a long process that commonly starts with the proposal of new work within a committee. Here are some abbreviations used for marking a standard with its status:[21][22][23][24][25][26][27] PWI – Preliminary Work Item NP or NWIP – New Proposal / New Work Item Proposal (e.g., ISO/IEC NP 23007) AWI – Approved new Work Item (e.g., ISO/IEC AWI 15444-14) WD – Working Draft (e.g., ISO/IEC WD 27032) CD – Committee Draft (e.g., ISO/IEC CD 23000-5) FCD – Final Committee Draft (e.g., ISO/IEC FCD 23000-12) DIS – Draft International Standard (e.g., ISO/IEC DIS 14297) FDIS – Final Draft International Standard (e.g., ISO/IEC FDIS 27003) PRF – Proof of a new International Standard (e.g., ISO/IEC PRF 18018) IS – International Standard (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-1:2007) Abbreviations used for amendments:[21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28] NP Amd – New Proposal Amendment (e.g., ISO/IEC 15444-2:2004/NP Amd 3) AWI Amd – Approved new Work Item Amendment (e.g., ISO/IEC 14492:2001/AWI Amd 4) WD Amd – Working Draft Amendment (e.g., ISO 11092:1993/WD Amd 1) CD Amd / PDAmd – Committee Draft Amendment / Proposed Draft Amendment (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-1:2007/CD Amd 6) FPDAmd / DAM (DAmd) – Final Proposed Draft Amendment / Draft Amendment (e.g., ISO/IEC 14496-14:2003/FPDAmd 1) FDAM (FDAmd) – Final Draft Amendment (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-1:2007/FDAmd 4) PRF Amd – (e.g., ISO 12639:2004/PRF Amd 1) Amd – Amendment (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-1:2007/Amd 1:2007) Other abbreviations:[25][26][28][29] TR – Technical Report (e.g., ISO/IEC TR 19791:2006) DTR – Draft Technical Report (e.g., ISO/IEC DTR 19791) TS – Technical Specification (e.g., ISO/TS 16949:2009) DTS – Draft Technical Specification (e.g., ISO/DTS 11602-1) PAS – Publicly Available Specification TTA – Technology Trends Assessment (e.g., ISO/TTA 1:1994) IWA – International Workshop Agreement (e.g., IWA 1:2005) Cor – Technical Corrigendum (e.g., ISO/IEC 13818-1:2007/Cor 1:2008) Guide – a guidance to technical committees for the preparation of standards International Standards are developed by ISO technical committees (TC) and subcommittees (SC) by a process with six steps:[23][30] Stage 1: Proposal stage Stage 2: Preparatory stage Stage 3: Committee stage Stage 4: Enquiry stage Stage 5: Approval stage Stage 6: Publication stage The TC/SC may set up working groups (WG) of experts for the preparation of a working drafts. Subcommittees may have several working groups, which can have several Sub Groups (SG).[31] Stages in the development process of an ISO standard[22][23][24][27][30][28] Stage code Stage Associated document name Abbreviations Description Notes 00 Preliminary Preliminary work item PWI 10 Proposal New work item proposal NP or NWIP NP Amd/TR/TS/IWA 20 Preparatory Working draft or drafts AWI AWI Amd/TR/TS WD WD Amd/TR/TS 30 Committee Committee draft or drafts CD CD Amd/Cor/TR/TS PDAmd (PDAM) PDTR PDTS 40 Enquiry Enquiry draft DIS FCD FPDAmd DAmd (DAM) FPDISP DTR DTS (CDV in IEC) 50 Approval Final draft FDIS FDAmd (FDAM) PRF PRF Amd/TTA/TR/TS/Suppl FDTR 60 Publication International Standard ISO TR TS IWA Amd Cor 90 Review 95 Withdrawal It is possible to omit certain stages, if there is a document with a certain degree of maturity at the start of a standardization project, for example a standard developed by another organization. ISO/IEC directives allow also the so-called "Fast-track procedure". In this procedure a document is submitted directly for approval as a draft International Standard (DIS) to the ISO member bodies or as a final draft International Standard (FDIS) if the document was developed by an international standardizing body recognized by the ISO Council.[23] The first step—a proposal of work (New Proposal) is approved at the relevant subcommittee or technical committee (e.g., SC29 and JTC1 respectively in the case of Moving Picture Experts Group – ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11). A working group (WG) of experts is set up by the TC/SC for the preparation of a working draft. When the scope of a new work is sufficiently clarified, some of the working groups (e.g., MPEG) usually make open request for proposals—known as a "call for proposals". The first document that is produced for example for audio and video coding standards is called a verification model (VM) (previously also called a "simulation and test model"). When a sufficient confidence in the stability of the standard under development is reached, a working draft (WD) is produced. This is in the form of a standard but is kept internal to working group for revision. When a working draft is sufficiently solid and the working group is satisfied that it has developed the best technical solution to the problem being addressed, it becomes committee draft (CD). If it is required, it is then sent to the P-members of the TC/SC (national bodies) for ballot. The CD becomes final committee draft (FCD) if the number of positive votes is above the quorum. Successive committee drafts may be considered until consensus is reached on the technical content. When it is reached, the text is finalized for submission as a draft International Standard (DIS). The text is then submitted to national bodies for voting and comment within a period of five months. It is approved for submission as a final draft International Standard (FDIS) if a two-thirds majority of the P-members of the TC/SC are in favour and not more than one-quarter of the total number of votes cast are negative. ISO will then hold a ballot with National Bodies where no technical changes are allowed (yes/no ballot), within a period of two months. It is approved as an International Standard (IS) if a two-thirds majority of the P-members of the TC/SC is in favour and not more than one-quarter of the total number of votes cast are negative. After approval, only minor editorial changes are introduced into the final text. The final text is sent to the ISO Central Secretariat, which publishes it as the International Standard.[21][23]

Products named after ISO[edit] The fact that many of the ISO-created standards are ubiquitous has led, on occasion, to common use of "ISO" to describe the actual product that conforms to a standard. Some examples of this are: Many CD images end in the file extension "ISO" to signify that they are using the ISO 9660 standard file system as opposed to another file system—hence CD images are commonly referred to as "ISOs". Virtually all computers with CD-ROM drives that can read CDs use this standard. Some DVD-ROMs also use ISO 9660 file systems. Photographic film's sensitivity to light (its "film speed") is described by ISO 6, ISO 2240 and ISO 5800. Hence, the film's speed is often referred to by its ISO number. As it was originally defined in ISO 518, the flash hot shoe found on cameras is often called the "ISO shoe". ISO 11783, which is marketed as ISOBUS.

Criticism[edit] With the exception of a small number of isolated standards,[19] ISO standards are normally not available free of charge, but for a purchase fee,[32] which has been seen by some as too expensive for small open source projects.[33] The ISO/IEC JTC1 fast-track procedures ("Fast-track" as used by OOXML and "PAS" as used by OpenDocument) have garnered criticism in relation to the standardization of Office Open XML (ISO/IEC 29500). Martin Bryan, outgoing Convenor of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34 WG1, is quoted as saying: I would recommend my successor that it is perhaps time to pass WG1’s outstanding standards over to OASIS, where they can get approval in less than a year and then do a PAS submission to ISO, which will get a lot more attention and be approved much faster than standards currently can be within WG1. The disparity of rules for PAS, Fast-Track and ISO committee generated standards is fast making ISO a laughing stock in IT circles. The days of open standards development are fast disappearing. Instead we are getting 'standardization by corporation'.[34] Computer security entrepreneur and Ubuntu investor, Mark Shuttleworth, commented on the Standardization of Office Open XML process by saying "I think it de-values the confidence people have in the standards setting process," and Shuttleworth alleged that ISO did not carry out its responsibility. He also noted that Microsoft had intensely lobbied many countries that traditionally had not participated in ISO and stacked technical committees with Microsoft employees, solution providers and resellers sympathetic to Office Open XML. When you have a process built on trust and when that trust is abused, ISO should halt the process... ISO is an engineering old boys club and these things are boring so you have to have a lot of passion … then suddenly you have an investment of a lot of money and lobbying and you get artificial results. The process is not set up to deal with intensive corporate lobbying and so you end up with something being a standard that is not clear.[35]

See also[edit] American National Standards Institute AP (Associated Press) Stylebook. Brazilian National Standards Organization BSI Group Bureau of Indian Standards Canadian Standards Association Countries in the International Organization for Standardization Deutsches Institut für Normung, the German Institute for Standardization. Engelbert Pigal European Committee for Standardization GOST, a set of technical standards maintained by the Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification. IEEE Standards Association Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology Interface 2010, the Interface Marketing Supplier Integration Institute. International Classification for Standards The International Customer Service Institute International Electrotechnical Commission International healthcare accreditation International Telecommunication Union Internet Engineering Task Force List of International Organization for Standardization standards Standardization Standards Australia Standards organization Terminology planning policy ISO divisions ISO/TC 37 "Terminology and other language and content resources", a fundamental ISO standardization committee. ISO/TC 68 TC 46/SC 9 ISO/TC 211 ISO/TC 215 ISO/TC 223 ISO/TC 262 ISO/TC 292

References[edit] Citations[edit] ^ a b c d e "ISO members". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ a b "How to use the ISO Catalogue". Archived from the original on 4 October 2007.  ^ a b c "About ISO". ISO. Archived from the original on 4 October 2007.  ^ "About ISO". ISO. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012.  ^ "Friendship among equals" (PDF). ISO.  (page 20) ^ "ISO name and logo". ISO. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012.  ^ "A Brief History of ISO". University of Pittsburgh.  ^ Friendship among equals – Recollections from ISO's first fifty years (PDF), International Organization for Standardization, 1997, pp. 15–18, ISBN 92-67-10260-5, archived (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2012  ^ a b c "Structure and governance". International Organization for Standardization. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012.  ^ "Council". International Organization for Standardization. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012.  ^ "Technical committees". International Organization for Standardization. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012.  ^ "Who develops ISO standards?". International Organization for Standardization. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012.  ^ "Governance of technical work". International Organization for Standardization. Archived from the original on 19 September 2012.  ^ "ISO/IEC JTC 1". International Organization for Standardization. Archived from the original on 15 December 2011.  ^ "ISO/IEC JPC 2 Joint Project Committee – Energy efficiency and renewable energy sources – Common terminology". International Organization for Standardization. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012.  ^ "General information on ISO". ISO. Archived from the original on 5 October 2007.  ^ a b c d e The ISO directives are published in two distinct parts: "ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1: Procedures for the technical work" (PDF). ISO/IEC. 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 June 2012.  "ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2: Rules for the structure and drafting of International Standards" (PDF). ISO/IEC. 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 October 2011.  ^ ISO. "ISO/IEC Directives and ISO supplement". Archived from the original on 16 May 2008.  ^ a b "Freely Available Standards". ISO. 1 February 2011.  ^ "Free ANSI Standards". Archived from the original on 3 April 2007.  ^ a b c "About MPEG". Archived from the original on 21 February 2010.  ^ a b c ISO. "International harmonized stage codes". Archived from the original on 4 October 2007.  ^ a b c d e f ISO. "Stages of the development of International Standards". Archived from the original on 12 August 2007.  ^ a b c "The ISO27k FAQ – ISO/IEC acronyms and committees". IsecT Ltd. Archived from the original on 24 November 2005.  ^ a b c ISO (2007). "ISO/IEC Directives Supplement — Procedures specific to ISO" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 January 2012.  ^ a b c ISO (2007). "List of abbreviations used throughout ISO Online". Archived from the original on 12 August 2007.  ^ a b c "US Tag Committee Handbook" (DOC). March 2008.  ^ a b c ISO/IEC JTC1 (2 November 2009), Letter Ballot on the JTC 1 Standing Document on Technical Specifications and Technical Reports (PDF)  ^ ISO. "ISO deliverables". Archived from the original on 12 August 2007.  ^ a b ISO (2008), ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1 – Procedures for the technical work, Sixth edition, 2008 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 14 July 2010  ^ ISO, IEC (5 November 2009). "ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29, SC 29/WG 11 Structure (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11 – Coding of Moving Pictures and Audio)". Archived from the original on 28 January 2001.  ^ "Shopping FAQs". ISO. Archived from the original on 5 October 2007.  ^ Jelliffe, Rick (1 August 2007). "Where to get ISO Standards on the Internet free". Archived from the original on 24 November 2007. The lack of free online availability has effectively made ISO standard irrelevant to the (home/hacker section of the) Open Source community  ^ "Report on WG1 activity for December 2007 Meeting of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34/WG1 in Kyoto". iso/jtc1 sc34. Archived from the original on 12 August 2007.  ^ "Ubuntu's Shuttleworth blames ISO for OOXML's win". 1 April 2008. Archived from the original on 4 April 2008.  Sources[edit] JoAnne Yates and Craig N. Murphy, "Coordinating International Standards: The Formation of the ISO" (PDF). Archived Check |archiveurl= value (help) (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2010.  MIT Innovations and Entrepreneurship Seminar Series, Fall 2006. Kuert, Willy (1997). "Friendship Among Equals – Recollections from ISO's first fifty years" (PDF). ISO. Archived Check |archiveurl= value (help) (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2012. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Official website Publicly Available Standards, with free access to a small subset of the standards. Advanced search for standards and/or projects Concept Database, a terminological database of ISO standards. v t e International Organization for Standardization Specifications‎ ISO/PAS 28007:2012 ISO/TS 80004 Technical reports ISO/IEC TR 12182 Member bodies Algerian Institute of Standardization American National Standards Institute ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (ANAB) Instituto Argentino de Normalización y Certificación ASC X9 AFNOR Austrian Standards Institute Brazilian National Standards Organization BSI Group Bureau of Normalization Committee for Standardization, Metrology and Certification of Belarus Cyprus Organisation for Standardisation Deutsches Institut für Normung Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione ICONTEC Indian Register Quality Systems Badan Standardisasi Nasional Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran Japanese Industrial Standards Committee Kenya Bureau of Standards Korean Agency for Technology and Standards Korean Standards Association National Standards Authority of Ireland South African Bureau of Standards Standardization Administration of China Standards Australia Standards Council of Canada Standards Institute of Israel Standards Norway State Committee for Technical Regulation and Consumer Policy Swedish Standards Institute Swiss Association for Standardization UN CEFACT TBG5 Vinçotte Related Countries in the International Organization for Standardization Information Technology Task Force ISO Development Environment List of International Organization for Standardization standards List of International Organization for Standardization technical committees Quality Objectives v t e ISO standards by standard number List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards 1–9999 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31 -0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639 -1 -2 -3 -5 -6 646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166 -1 -2 -3 3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995 10000–19999 10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303 -11 -21 -22 -28 -238 10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211 -1 -2 13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496 -2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20 14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444 -3 15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706 -2 15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600:2014 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831 20000+ 20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000 -1 -2 -3 Category v t e Social and environmental accountability Ethics and principles Aarhus Convention Corporate accountability / behaviour / social responsibility Ethical banking Ethical code Extended producer responsibility Organizational ethics Organizational justice Principles for Responsible Investment Social responsibility Stakeholder theory Sullivan principles Transparency (behavioral social) UN Global Compact Social accounting Double bottom line Ethical Positioning Index Higg Index Impact assessment (environmental equality social) ISO 26000 Genuine progress indicator OHSAS 18001 Performance indicator SA8000 Social return on investment Whole-life cost Environmental accounting Carbon accounting Eco-Management and Audit Scheme Emission inventory Environmental full-cost accounting / impact assessment / management system / profit-and-loss account ISO 14000 ISO 14031:1999 Life-cycle assessment Pollutant release and transfer register Sustainability accounting / measurement / metrics and indices / standards and certification / supply chain Toxics Release Inventory Triple bottom line Reporting Global Reporting Initiative GxP guidelines Sustainability reporting Auditing Community-based monitoring Environmental (certification) Fair trade (certification) ISO 19011 Related Bangladesh Accord Benefit corporation Child labour Community interest company Conflict of interest Disasters Disinvestment Eco-labeling Environmental pricing reform Environmental, social and corporate governance Ethical consumerism Euthenics Health impact assessment Market governance mechanism Product certification Public participation Social enterprise Socially responsible investing Stakeholder (engagement) Supply chain management Environment portal Category Commons Organizations Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 149705257 LCCN: n79034445 ISNI: 0000 0001 2182 7734 GND: 1008314-5 SUDOC: 026467984 BNF: cb118710878 (data) NLA: 35232591 NDL: 00288472 NKC: ko2003181181 Retrieved from "" Categories: International Organization for StandardizationOrganisations based in GenevaOrganizations established in 1947Organizations with general consultative status to the United Nations Economic and Social CouncilSocial responsibility organizationsStandards organizationsTechnical specificationsHidden categories: Use British English Oxford spelling from November 2010Articles containing Ancient Greek-language textAll accuracy disputesArticles with disputed statements from March 2017Pages with URL errorsCommons category with local link different than on WikidataUse dmy dates from June 2013Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiers

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages Afrikaansالعربيةঅসমীয়াAsturianuAvañe'ẽАварAzərbaycancaবাংলাBân-lâm-gúБеларускаяБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎भोजपुरीБългарскиBosanskiBrezhonegCatalàČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschEestiΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFøroysktFrançaisGaeilgeGàidhligGalegoGĩkũyũ한국어Հայերենहिन्दीHrvatskiIdoIlokanoBahasa IndonesiaÍslenskaItalianoעבריתBasa Jawaಕನ್ನಡქართულიҚазақшаKiswahiliLatinaLatviešuLietuviųMagyarМакедонскиമലയാളംमराठीმარგალურიمصرىBahasa MelayuМонголNederlands日本語NorskNorsk nynorskOccitanOʻzbekcha/ўзбекчаਪੰਜਾਬੀپښتوPlattdüütschPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийScotsShqipSicilianuසිංහලSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaTagalogதமிழ்TarandíneТатарча/tatarçaไทยTürkçeУкраїнськаاردوVènetoTiếng ViệtייִדישYorùbá粵語中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 16 January 2018, at 22:29. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.760","walltime":"1.052","ppvisitednodes":{"value":3482,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":151135,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":3701,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":12,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":4,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 880.470 1 -total"," 28.70% 252.671 1 Template:Reflist"," 22.53% 198.409 35 Template:Cite_web"," 20.80% 183.111 1 Template:Commons_category"," 14.65% 129.006 1 Template:Lang"," 9.19% 80.953 1 Template:Infobox_organization"," 7.48% 65.817 1 Template:Infobox"," 3.77% 33.152 3 Template:Navbox"," 3.60% 31.688 1 Template:Dubious"," 3.32% 29.248 1 Template:Fix"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.398","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":17890414,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1321","timestamp":"20180117160817","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":1181,"wgHostname":"mw1321"});});

International_Organization_for_Standardization - Photos and All Basic Informations

International_Organization_for_Standardization More Links

ISO (disambiguation)Non-governmental OrganizationInternational StandardGenevaSwitzerlandEnglish LanguageFrench LanguageRussian LanguageInternational StandardStandards OrganizationInternational StandardGenevaList Of Organizations With Consultative Status To The United Nations Economic And Social CouncilEnglish LanguageFrench LanguageRussian LanguageEnlargePragueWikipedia:Accuracy DisputeTalk:International Organization For StandardizationWorld War IIGenevaInternational Electrotechnical CommissionISO/IEC JTC 1Countries In The International Organization For StandardizationEnlargeCountries In International Organization For StandardizationGross National ProductList Of International Organization For Standardization StandardsErratumInternational Electrotechnical CommissionASTM InternationalErratumInternational Electrotechnical CommissionWorking GroupMoving Picture Experts GroupCD ImageFile ExtensionISO ImageISO 9660CD-ROMFilm SpeedISO 6ISO 2240ISO 5800Hot ShoeISO 11783Open SourceISO/IEC JTC1Office Open XMLOpenDocumentStandardization Of Office Open XMLISO/IEC JTC1/SC34Ubuntu (operating System)Mark ShuttleworthStandardization Of Office Open XMLMicrosoftGood Ol' BoyLobbyingAmerican National Standards InstituteAP StylebookBrazilian National Standards OrganizationBSI GroupBureau Of Indian StandardsCanadian Standards AssociationCountries In The International Organization For StandardizationDeutsches Institut Für NormungEngelbert PigalEuropean Committee For StandardizationGOSTIEEE Standards AssociationInstitute Of Environmental Sciences And TechnologyInterface 2010International Classification For StandardsThe International Customer Service InstituteInternational Electrotechnical CommissionInternational Healthcare AccreditationInternational Telecommunication UnionInternet Engineering Task ForceList Of International Organization For Standardization StandardsStandardizationStandards AustraliaStandards OrganizationTerminology Planning PolicyISO/TC 37ISO/TC 68TC 46/SC 9ISO/TC 211ISO/TC 215ISO/TC 223ISO/TC 262ISO/TC 292International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/92-67-10260-5JoAnne YatesHelp:CS1 ErrorsHelp:CS1 ErrorsTemplate:International Organization For StandardizationTemplate Talk:International Organization For StandardizationISO/PAS 28007:2012ISO/TS 80004ISO/IEC TR 12182Algerian Institute Of StandardizationAmerican National Standards InstituteANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (ANAB)Instituto Argentino De Normalización Y CertificaciónASC X9AFNORAustrian Standards InstituteBrazilian National Standards OrganizationBSI GroupBureau Of NormalizationCommittee For Standardization, Metrology And Certification Of BelarusCyprus Organisation For StandardisationDeutsches Institut Für NormungEnte Nazionale Italiano Di UnificazioneICONTECIndian Register Quality SystemsBadan Standardisasi NasionalInstitute Of Standards And Industrial Research Of IranJapanese Industrial Standards CommitteeKenya Bureau Of StandardsKorean Agency For Technology And StandardsKorean Standards AssociationNational Standards Authority Of IrelandSouth African Bureau Of StandardsStandardization Administration Of ChinaStandards AustraliaStandards Council Of CanadaStandards Institute Of IsraelStandards NorwayState Committee For Technical Regulation And Consumer PolicySwedish Standards InstituteSwiss Association For StandardizationUN CEFACT TBG5VinçotteCountries In The International Organization For StandardizationInformation Technology Task ForceISO Development EnvironmentList Of International Organization For Standardization StandardsList Of International Organization For Standardization Technical CommitteesQuality ObjectivesTemplate:ISO StandardsTemplate Talk:ISO StandardsList Of International Organization For Standardization StandardsList Of ISO RomanizationsList Of IEC StandardsISO 1ISO 2Preferred NumberISO 4ISO 5ISO 6ISO 7ISO 9A440 (pitch Standard)ISO 31ISO 31-0ISO 31-1ISO 31-2ISO 31-3ISO 31-4ISO 31-5ISO 31-6ISO 31-7ISO 31-8ISO 31-9ISO 31-10ISO 31-11ISO 31-12ISO 31-13ISO 128ISO 216ISO 217ISO 226British Standard Pipe ThreadISO 233ISO 259EnvelopeKappa NumberVicat Softening PointISO 428ISO 518ISO 519ISO 639ISO 639-1ISO 639-2ISO 639-3ISO 639-5ISO 639-6ISO/IEC 646ISO 690ISO 732Antimagnetic WatchISO 843ISO 898ISO 965ISO 1000Magnetic Ink Character Recognition135 FilmOCR-A FontISO 1413ALGOL 60ISO 1745ISO 1989ISO 2014ISO 2015ISO/IEC 2022ISO 2047International Standard Book NumberISO 2145ISO 2146ISO 2240Water Resistant MarkISO 2709ISO 2711ISO 2788ISO 2848ISO 2852126 FilmISO 3103ISO 3166ISO 3166-1ISO 3166-2ISO 3166-3International Standard Serial NumberISO 3307Kunrei-shiki RomanizationISO 3864International Standard Recording CodeISO 3977ISO 4031ISO 4157ISO 4217ISO/IEC 4909ISO/IEC 5218ISO 5428ISO 5775ISO 5776ISO 5800ISO 5964ISO 6166ISO 6344ISO 6346ISO 6385Water Resistant MarkANSI Escape CodeISO 6438ISO 6523ISO 6709ISO 7001ISO 7002PinyinPascal (programming Language)ISO 7200OSI ModelISO 7736ISO/IEC 7810ISO/IEC 7811ISO/IEC 7812ISO/IEC 7813ISO/IEC 7816ISO 8000ISO 8178Fuel OilFTAMISO 8583ISO 8601Computer Graphics MetafileISO/IEC 8652ISO 8691Language Of Temporal Ordering SpecificationISO/IEC 8820-5ISO/IEC 8859ISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-8ISO-8859-8-IISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-12ISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-16Standard Generalized Markup LanguageISO 9000SQLISO/IEC 9126File Allocation TableISO 9241ISO 9362Shoe SizeManufacturing Message SpecificationISO 9529ISO 9564X.500ISO 9660ISO 9897C (programming Language)POSIXISO 9984ISO 9985ISO/IEC 9995ISO 10005ISO 10006ISO 10007ISO/IEC 10116Whirlpool (cryptography)ISO 10160ISO 10161Guidelines For The Definition Of Managed ObjectsDocument Style Semantics And Specification LanguageISO 10206ISO 10218ISO 10303EXPRESS (data Modeling Language)ISO 10303-21ISO 10303-22ISO 10303-28STEP-NCISO 10383ISO 10487ArmSCIIIS-ISUniversal Coded Character SetTorxRM-ODPMultibusInternational Standard Music NumberISO 10962ISO/IEC 10967ISO/IEEE 11073ISO 11170ISO/IEC 11179ISO/IEC 11404JBIGISO 11783ISO 11784 & 11785ISO 11784 & 11785ISO/IEC 11801ISO 11898ISO 11940ISO 11940-2ISO/TR 11941ISO/TR 11941ISO 11992ISO 12006ISO/IEC TR 12182ISO/IEC 12207Tag Image File Format / Electronic PhotographyPrologPrologPrologIsofixTopic MapsISO 13399ISO 13406-2110 FilmISO 13485ISO 13490ISO 13567Z NotationISO 13584International Bank Account NumberISO 14000ISO 14031ISO 14224PDF/UAHorsepowerISO/IEC 14443MPEG-4MPEG-4 Part 2MPEG-4 Part 3Delivery Multimedia Integration FrameworkH.264/MPEG-4 AVCMPEG-4 Part 11MPEG-4 Part 12MPEG-4 Part 14MPEG-4 Part 14MPEG-4 Part 14ISO 14644STEP-NCISO 14651ISO 14698ISO 14750Software MaintenanceC++ISO 14971ISO 15022ISO 15189ISO/IEC 15288Ada Semantic Interface SpecificationISO 15292ISO 15398Common CriteriaJPEG 2000Motion JPEG 2000HTMLPDF417ISO/IEC 15504International Standard Identifier For Libraries And Related OrganizationsISO 15686ISO/IEC 15693International Standard Audiovisual NumberISO 15706-2International Standard Musical Work CodeISO 15897ISO 15919ISO 15924ISO 15926ISO 15926 WIPPDF/XMaxiCodeECMAScriptPDF/VTISO 16750ISO/TS 16949ISO/IEC 17024ISO/IEC 17025ISO 17100:2015Open Virtualization FormatSDMXLegal Entity IdentifierISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 18000QR CodeISO/IEC 18014ISO 18245Process Specification LanguagePhotographic Activity TestPDF/AISO 19011ISO 19092-1ISO 19092-2ISO 19114ISO 19115Simple Feature AccessISO 19136ISO 19439Common Object Request Broker ArchitectureUnified Modeling LanguageMeta-Object FacilityXML Metadata InterchangeUnified Modeling LanguageKnowledge Discovery MetamodelObject Constraint LanguageMeta-Object FacilityXML Metadata InterchangeBusiness Process Model And NotationISO 19600:2014ISO/IEC 19752RELAX NGISO/IEC 19770X3DISO/IEC 19794-5Cloud Infrastructure Management InterfaceISO/IEC 20000ISO 20022ISO 20121ISO 20400MPEG-21International Standard Text CodeISO 21500ISO/IEC 21827ISO 22000C Sharp (programming Language)Common Language InfrastructureLinux Standard BasePDF/ELexical Markup FrameworkISO-TimeMLCommon LogicISO 25178ISO 25964ISO 26000OpenDocumentDigital Object IdentifierISO/IEC 27000-seriesISO/IEC 27000ISO/IEC 27001ISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 27006International Standard Name IdentifierISO 28000ISO 29110Requirements EngineeringJPEG XROffice Open XMLRuby (programming Language)ISO 31000Portable Document FormatISO/IEC 38500Web Content Accessibility GuidelinesISO/IEC 42010ISO 55000ISO/IEC 80000ISO 80000-1ISO 80000-2ISO 80000-3Category:ISO StandardsTemplate:Social AccountabilityTemplate Talk:Social AccountabilitySocial AccountingEnvironmental AccountingAccountabilityBusiness EthicsAarhus ConventionCorporate CrimeCorporate BehaviourCorporate Social ResponsibilityEthical BankingEthical CodeExtended Producer ResponsibilityOrganizational EthicsOrganizational JusticePrinciples For Responsible InvestmentSocial ResponsibilityStakeholder TheorySullivan PrinciplesTransparency (behavior)Transparency (social)United Nations Global CompactClean Up After The Exxon Valdez Oil SpillSocial AccountingDouble Bottom LineEthical Positioning Index (EPI)Higg IndexImpact AssessmentEnvironmental Impact AssessmentEquality Impact AssessmentSocial Impact AssessmentISO 26000Genuine Progress IndicatorOHSAS 18001Performance IndicatorSA8000Social Return On InvestmentWhole-life CostEnvironmental AccountingCarbon AccountingEco-Management And Audit SchemeEmission InventoryEnvironmental Full-cost AccountingEnvironmental Impact AssessmentEnvironmental Management SystemEnvironmental Profit And Loss AccountISO 14000ISO 14031Life-cycle AssessmentPollutant Release And Transfer RegisterSustainability AccountingSustainability MeasurementSustainability Metrics And IndicesSustainability Standards And CertificationSupply Chain SustainabilityToxics Release InventoryTriple Bottom LineGlobal Reporting InitiativeGxPSustainability ReportingAuditCommunity-based MonitoringEnvironmental AuditEnvironmental CertificationFair TradeFair Trade CertificationISO 19011Accord On Factory And Building Safety In BangladeshBenefit CorporationChild LabourCommunity Interest CompanyConflict Of InterestDisasterDisinvestmentEcolabelEnvironmental Pricing ReformEnvironmental, Social And Corporate GovernanceEthical ConsumerismEuthenicsHealth Impact AssessmentMarket Governance MechanismProduct CertificationPublic ParticipationSocial EnterpriseSocially Responsible InvestingStakeholder (corporate)Stakeholder EngagementSupply Chain ManagementPortal:EnvironmentCategory:Social ResponsibilityCategory:Social Responsibility OrganizationsHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceNational Library Of AustraliaNational Diet LibraryNational Library Of The Czech RepublicHelp:CategoryCategory:International Organization For StandardizationCategory:Organisations Based In GenevaCategory:Organizations Established In 1947Category:Organizations With General Consultative Status To The United Nations Economic And Social CouncilCategory:Social Responsibility OrganizationsCategory:Standards OrganizationsCategory:Technical SpecificationsCategory:Use British English Oxford Spelling From November 2010Category:Articles Containing Ancient Greek-language TextCategory:All Accuracy DisputesCategory:Articles With Disputed Statements From March 2017Category:Pages With URL ErrorsCategory:Commons Category With Local Link Different Than On WikidataCategory:Use Dmy Dates From June 2013Category:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With NLA IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link