Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 3.1 Physical geography 3.2 Political geography 3.3 Boundaries and definitions 4 Economy 4.1 Housing 4.2 Retail 5 Environmental quality 5.1 Air pollution 5.2 Water pollution 6 Transportation 6.1 Public transportation 6.2 Airports 6.3 Bicycle trails 7 Demographics 7.1 Politics 7.2 Religion 7.3 Crime 7.4 Education 7.5 Employment 8 Culture 8.1 Music 8.2 Performing arts 8.3 Sports 8.4 Media 8.4.1 Newspapers 8.4.2 Radio 8.4.3 Television 8.4.4 Film 9 Incorporated cities 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Etymology[edit] Yucca Valley, within the Morongo Basin, is halfway between the San Bernardino Valley and the Arizona state line The term "Inland Empire" is documented to have been used by the Riverside Enterprise newspaper (now The Press-Enterprise) as early as April 1914.[4] Developers in the area likely introduced the term to promote the region and to highlight the area's unique features. The "Inland" part of the name is derived from the region's location, about 60 miles (97 km) inland from Los Angeles and the Pacific Ocean. Originally, this area was called the Orange Empire due to the acres of citrus groves that once extended from Pasadena to Redlands during the first half of the twentieth century.[2][5] The Inland Empire is a nebulous region, but is defined as the cities of western Riverside County and the cities of southwestern San Bernardino County; adjacent to the Los Angeles metropolitan area. A generally broader definition will include the desert community of Palm Springs and its surrounding area, and a much larger definition will include all of San Bernardino and Riverside counties.[2]

History[edit] See also: History of Riverside, California and History of San Bernardino, California Drawing of San Bernardino (1852) What is now known as the Inland Empire was inhabited for thousands of years, prior to the late eighteenth century, by the Tongva, Serrano, and Cahuilla Native Americans. With Spanish colonization and the subsequent Mexican era the area was sparsely populated at the land grant Ranchos, considering it unsuitable for missions.[citation needed] The first American settlers, a group of Mormon pioneers, arrived over the Cajon Pass in 1851. Although the Mormons left a scant six years later, recalled to Salt Lake City by Brigham Young during the church's Utah War with the US government, other settlers soon followed. The entire landmass of Southern California was subdivided according to the San Bernardino Meridian, which was first plotted as part of the Public Land Survey System in November 1852, by Col. Henry Washington. Base Line road, a major thoroughfare, today runs from Highland to San Dimas, intermittently along the absolute baseline coordinates plotted by Col. Washington.[6] San Bernardino County was first formed out of parts of Los Angeles County on April 26, 1853. While the partition once included what is today most of Riverside County, the region is not as monolithic as it may sound. Rivalries between Colton, Redlands, Riverside and San Bernardino over the location of the county seat in the 1890s caused each of them to form their own civic communities, each with their own newspapers. On August 14, 1893, the state Senate allowed Riverside County to form out of land previously in San Bernardino and San Diego counties, after rejecting a bill for Pomona to split from L.A. County and become the seat of what would have been called San Antonio County.[7] Arlington Heights Citrus Groves, Riverside circa 1903 The arrival of rail and the importation of navel and Valencia orange trees in the 1870s touched off explosive growth, with the area quickly becoming a major center for citrus production.[8][9][10] This agricultural boom continued with the arrival of water from the Colorado River and the rapid growth of Los Angeles in the early twentieth century, with dairy farming becoming another staple industry. In 1926, Route 66 (now known as Foothill Boulevard and Interstate 215) came through the northern parts of the area, bringing a stream of tourists and migrants to the region. Still, the region endured as the key part of the Southern California "citrus belt" until the end of World War II, when a new generation of real-estate developers bulldozed acres of agricultural land to build suburbs.[8] The precursor to the San Bernardino Freeway, the Ramona Expressway, was built in 1944, and further development of the freeway system in the area facilitated the expansion of suburbs and human migration throughout the Inland Empire and Southern California. The region experienced significant economic and population growth through most of the latter half of the twentieth century. In the early 1990s, the loss of the region's military bases and reduction of nearby defense industries due to the end of the Cold War lead to a local economic downturn.[11][12] The region as a whole had partially recovered from this downturn by the start of the twenty-first century through the development of warehousing, shipping, logistics and retail industries, primarily centered around Ontario.[13] However, these industries have been heavily affected by the Great Recession.[14]

Geography[edit] Physical geography[edit] View of the San Bernardino Valley from the San Bernardino Mountains. The Santa Ana Mountains are visible in the distance. Physical boundaries between Los Angeles and the Inland Empire from west to east are the San Jose Hills splitting the San Gabriel Valley from the Pomona Valley, leading to the urban populations centered in the San Bernardino Valley.[15] From the south to north, the Santa Ana Mountains physically divide Orange County from San Bernardino and Riverside Counties. The Santa Rosa Mountains, as well as the Southern California portion of the Sonoran Desert, physically divide Riverside County from San Diego County.[16] Some definitions for the I.E. consist of the Chino Valley, Coachella Valley, Cucamonga Valley, Menifee Valley, Murrieta Valley, Perris Valley, San Jacinto Valley, Temecula Valley, Pomona Valley, and Victor Valley.[citation needed] Elevations range from 11,499 ft (3,505 m) at the top of the San Gorgonio Mountain to −220 ft (−67 m) at the Salton Sea. The San Bernardino mountains are home to the San Bernardino National Forest and the resort communities of Big Bear Lake, Lake Arrowhead, and Running Springs. The Santa Ana River extends from Mt. San Gorgonio for nearly 100 miles (160 km) through San Bernardino, Riverside, and Orange counties before it eventually spills into the Pacific Ocean at Newport Beach and Huntington Beach. While temperatures are generally cool to cold in the mountains, it can get hot in the valleys. In the desert resort of Palm Springs, near Joshua Tree National Park, summer temperatures can reach well over 110 °F (43 °C). Political geography[edit] Unlike most metropolitan areas that have grown up around a central city, the Inland Empire has no one main focus city. Major cities in the region include Riverside, San Bernardino, Rancho Cucamonga, and Ontario. Suburban sprawl spreads out to form a unified/built up connection with the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Further development is steadily, if not heavily, encroaching past the mountains into the outlying desert areas. The Inland Empire borders both Los Angeles and Orange counties. Freeways in Southern California are heavily used, but this comprehensive freeway system has made travel between the Inland Empire and these two counties generally easy; especially to and from Los Angeles County. The Inland Empire has also been referred to as the 909, after one of the region's most used area codes.[2][17] In 2004, because of growing demand for telephone numbers, most of Western Riverside County was granted a new area code, 951.[17] The Coachella Valley region of Palm Springs, Palm Desert, and Indio are located much further east in Riverside County (the distance between the city of San Bernardino and Palm Springs is approximately 45 miles) and holds its own area code, 760. This area is sometimes considered a sub-region of the Inland Empire or its own separate region. This is to help differentiate them from the urbanized area of San Bernardino-Riverside. Boundaries and definitions[edit] There is no universally accepted definition for the boundaries of the Inland Empire region. Some sources such as the Los Angeles Times[18][19][20][21][22] have referred to Riverside County and San Bernardino County as the Inland Empire, mirroring the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario metropolitan area. Some residents of certain areas within the three counties, such as Twentynine Palms, the Coachella and Temecula valleys, consider themselves separate from the IE.[2] The California Travel and Tourism Commission (CTTC), a not-for-profit, nongovernmental[23] entity that promotes tourism in California,[24] divides the state into several regions for its own purposes. The CTTC defines the Inland Empire as being bounded by Los Angeles County and Orange County on the west, San Diego County on the south, as far north as the Victor Valley area, and as far east as Idyllwild in the San Jacinto Mountains.[25] The state of California's official website links to the CTTC's map with the description "Map of the Inland Empire region".[26] Other sources, including Kevin Starr, former state librarian of California, include eastern Los Angeles County cities in the Pomona Valley which are Claremont, Pomona, La Verne, San Dimas, and Diamond Bar within the definition of the Inland Empire.[27] Other sources also include cities in Los Angeles County within the boundaries.[28][29][verification needed][30]

Economy[edit] Boxcars, Rialto, California Inexpensive land prices (compared with Los Angeles and Orange Counties), a large supply of vacant land, and a transport network where many highways and railroads intersect have made the Inland Empire a major shipping hub.[31] Some of the nation's largest manufacturing companies have chosen the Inland Empire for their distribution facilities including Toyota Motor Corporation's North American Parts and Logistics Distribution (NAPLD) center in Ontario and APL Logistics in Rancho Cucamonga. Whirlpool Corporation recently leased a 1,700,000-square-foot (160,000 m2) distribution center in Perris that is larger than 31 football fields and one of the biggest warehouses in the country.[32] These centers operate as part of the system that transports finished goods and materials from the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach to destinations to the north and east such as Las Vegas, Phoenix, and Denver. More than 80 percent of the state's imported cargo is shipped through the Los Angeles/Inland Empire Corridor.[33] However, with the global economic downturn, industrial vacancies have doubled from 6.2 percent in 2007 to 12.4 percent to 2008. In San Bernardino and Redlands, vacancies are as high as 22 percent.[34] Although the region's large industries have been affected by the Great Recession, the Inland Empire is projected to remain California's fastest-growing region for some time to come.[35] The area is also projected to remain one of the least educated areas of the state with the lowest average in annual wages in the country.[35] A 2006 study of salaries in 51 metropolitan areas of the country ranked the Inland Empire second to last, with an average annual wage of $36,924.[35] However, inexpensive land prices and innovative institutional support networks have attracted some small businesses and technology startups into the area.[14] While urbanization continues to cut into agricultural lands, the Inland Empire still produces substantial crops. Although 10,000 acres (40 km2) of irrigated land was lost between 2002 and 2004, agriculture still brought in more than $1.6 billion in revenues to the two-county region in 2006.[9] Being a MSA, aggregate GDP figures are reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis annually. The Inland Empire ranks 25th in the nation with a 2011 GDP of $109.8 billion, roughly a third of San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA despite their close population numbers. Per capita GDP was $25,993.34 in 2011, nearly half among the nation's top 50 Gross Metropolitan Product.[36] Due to housing crisis, the GDP fell from $114.8 billion in 2007, despite a heavy influx of residents. The unemployment rate in the Inland Empire has been consistently over the national average since 2007. 10.4 percent of Inland residents were unemployed as of August 2013, compared with the national rate of 7.3 percent. Due to the high unemployment and housing foreclosure rates, a higher percentage of Inland residents rely on public assistance. According to the Press-Enterprise, "twelve percent of Riverside County and 17 percent of San Bernardino County residents used food stamps in January 2012," as compared with "11 percent of those living in Los Angeles County, 8 percent of San Diego County residents and 7 percent of Orange County residents."[37] Housing[edit] Housing construction visible from the air in Fontana. Since 1980, the city's population has grown by 150,000. Since the 1950s, the area has changed from a rural to a suburban environment. The region now comprises numerous cities known as bedroom communities that are suburban cities to Los Angeles. Affordable home ownership is the primary motivation behind the growth in these Inland Empire cities as homes in the region are generally less expensive than comparable homes in Los Angeles and Orange counties. The steady rise in population and the demand for housing has led to a dramatic increase in the building of single-family homes on parcels of 0.25 acres (1,000 m2) or more, as opposed to the construction of high-density development such as multi-story apartment or condominium buildings. This low-density development has caused sprawl in the Inland Empire; a commute between Beaumont and Ontario is approximately 43 miles. Much of the vacant land is being developed. Land that was used for agriculture is now being sold by owners for conversion to shopping centers, industrial warehouses, etc. Due to the lack of the Inland Empire having just one central city, and the smaller geographical footprint that suburban cities tend to have, this continuous development has become seemingly unplanned suburban sprawl as local interest and zoning laws may quickly change from one city to the next city.[38] The Inland Empire was declared the nation's worst example of sprawl according to a study by Smart Growth America in 2002.[39][40] During the housing bubble collapse of the late 2000s, foreclosures rose by 3,500 percent.[41] In 2010, the area ranked fourth in the nation in the number of foreclosures, with one filing for every 133 households.[42] The problem of abandoned homes became so great that the city of Perris initiated a program to paint the brown lawns of abandoned homes green as a way to cut down on the appearance of blight.[43] Retail[edit] Retailing in the area has increased to try to keep abreast with the growing suburban population. The region is home to several large shopping malls, including the Promenade Shops at Dos Lagos and the Crossings in Corona, Ontario Mills in Ontario, Promenade Mall in Temecula, Galleria At Tyler in Riverside, Riverside Plaza, Canyon Crossings in Riverside, The Shoppes at Chino Hills in Chino Hills, Moreno Valley Mall in Moreno Valley, Victoria Gardens in Rancho Cucamonga and the Inland Center mall in San Bernardino. In fiscal year 2006, retail sales in San Bernardino County grew by 11.9 percent to $31.2 billion, while sales in Riverside County were up 11.3 percent to $29.6 billion.[44] Panorama of the "Town Square" at Victoria Gardens in Rancho Cucamonga

Environmental quality[edit] The Inland Empire is subject to smog conditions on a regular basis as seen here, looking south, from the north terminus of Haven Avenue in Rancho Cucamonga. Note how the street 'fades' into the smoggy haze and the Santa Ana Mountains are completely obscured. The Inland Empire is also subject to Santa Ana Winds that lead to generally clear days, free of smog or the marine layer. Note how the street that 'faded' into the smoggy haze and the Santa Ana Mountains that were completely obscured in the adjacent image are now visible. The result of this ongoing development has resulted in greater homeownership for the region. Although the region saw an uptick in jobs over the past decade, it is not a heavy employment center, and many residents commute to Los Angeles and Orange counties for their work. With a lack of substantial public transportation in the Greater Los Angeles Area, this has led to traffic congestion and degradation in air quality for the Inland Empire.[45] The solution to these problems is not simple. The presence of so many city governments within the Inland Empire, which often have different 'visions' for their own municipalities, means that two cities in the region rarely agree on a solution; just as common, they may have unequal means for implementing one even if they were to agree. Having no regional-wide governmental planning organization may undermine any solution that could be proposed. Lastly, the pace at which development occurs (fast) versus the ability of government to respond to changes (slow) means that it could easily take years, if not decades, for a viable solution (such as new roads, pollution controls, etc.) to go into effect.[46] Air pollution[edit] Air pollution, or suspended particulate matter locally generated from the increased number of automobiles in the area, from point sources such as factories, dust carried into the air by construction activity, and the contribution of similar pollutants from the Los Angeles area has regularly caused the Inland Empire to be at, or near, the bottom of many air quality ratings. In 2004, the EPA rated the San Bernardino-Riverside area as having the worst particulate air pollution in the United States,[47] (although the San Joaquin Valley in central California had the worst overall air pollution).[citation needed] Air pollution in the Los Angeles region is still an issue, although improvements have been made over the years. But the problem is exacerbated in the Inland Empire, which is surrounded by mountains on the north and the east. Prevailing winds move bad air eastward from Los Angeles, but once the pollution reaches the Inland Empire it cannot be carried further east as it becomes trapped by the mountains surrounding the region. Water pollution[edit] Water pollution has also been found in the Santa Ana River and Cajon wash, and pollutants from the March Air Reserve Base and Stringfellow Acid Pits have contaminated groundwater in parts of Riverside County.[16] In 1997, perchlorate, a chemical used to produce explosives, was discovered to be seeping into the groundwater under Rialto in a plume that continues to grow. In 2007, the Rialto City council petitioned the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for Superfund status to clean up the origin site. The sites comprising March Air Reserve Base, Norton Air Force Base and the Stringfellow Acid Pits have already been classified as EPA Superfund toxic waste sites.[48]

Transportation[edit] Main article: Transportation in the Inland Empire I-10, I-215 Interchange traffic, south of downtown San Bernardino Traffic congestion problems on the roadways, as with elsewhere in Southern California, is the result of the demand for driving exceeding the available capacity, especially on area freeways.[citation needed] Many of the existing freeways were completed in the late 1970s, with the exception of the segment of the Foothill Freeway, State Route 210 (SR 210) between San Dimas and San Bernardino completed in July 2007. New freeways or highways "fix-ups" are being planned, such as the expansion of the length of the 215 freeway around Inland Center Mall. However, other problems exist, one being the jobs vs. housing imbalance. The Inland Empire population grew as a result of affordable housing, at least relative to the rest of Southern California. But most of the higher paying jobs are located in Los Angeles, San Diego and Orange counties. Thus, many workers must drive daily from the Inland Empire to their jobs in these counties -sometimes up to two hours each direction, and even longer if by public transportation. As the population increases, the problem is most certainly going to get worse. Forbes magazine recently ranked the area first in its list of most unhealthy commutes in the United States, beating out every other metropolitan area in the country, as Inland area drivers breathe the unhealthiest air and have the highest rate of fatal auto accidents per capita.[49] According to a 1999 report by the Surface Transportation Policy Project, the Inland Empire leads in fatal crashes caused by road rage.[50][51] The theft of copper, brass and other metals from highway and road fixtures has also led to decreased public safety on IE roads and freeways.[52] Gas siphoning has also been noted as a problem for vehicles left unattended in the region.[53] Public transportation[edit] sbX Green Line's Civic Center Station in downtown San Bernardino. sbX Hospitality West Station, downtown San Bernardino. Unlike many major metropolitan areas, the Inland Empire has minimal public transportation. When combined with the large physical size of the region, more people use automobiles for convenient travel. Less than five percent of the IE's 1,249,224 working-age residents use public transportation to get to work.[54] Omnitrans is the largest bus agency in San Bernardino County, while the Riverside Transit Agency is the largest in Riverside County. Currently, some of Omnitrans' bus routes run 1–2 hours apart, and some routes stop service in the early evening or may not run on weekends. The metropolitan area's first rapid transit line, a new bus rapid transit system, launched in April 2014. The new line, dubbed San Bernardino Express (sbX), offers rapid transit service that functions just like light-rail with center running stations, designated sbX lanes and passengers purchasing tickets prior to boarding. Stations are approximately one mile apart with its northern terminus in Verdemont and southern terminus in Loma Linda's VA hospital, passing through downtown San Bernardino and the city's Hospitality Lane Business District.[55] Metrolink is a commuter rail system serving Southern California; it consists of seven lines and 55 stations operating on 388.2 miles (624.7 km) of rail network. It travels up to 79 miles per hour (127 km/h) and up to 90 mph on sections of the Orange County line. The Metrolink commuter rail system provides train daily service from San Bernardino to Downtown Los Angeles (Busiest route of the system) 91/Perris Valley Line From Perris to Los Angeles Riverside Line providing weekday commuter service to Los Angeles. Inland Empire-Orange County Line from San Bernardino to Oceanside in San Diego County Airports[edit] Several airports are located in the Inland Empire. Ontario International Airport and Palm Springs International Airport are commercial airports in their respective cities. A local joint powers agency is attempting to redevelop the decommissioned Norton Air Force Base into San Bernardino International Airport. The airport currently serves as a general aviation airport. Over 20 years after decommissioning, discount airline Volaris announced in April 2017 that it would begin commercial service at San Bernardino in June 2017.[56] There are also several general aviation airports in the region. Airport IATA code ICAO code County Ontario International Airport ONT KONT San Bernardino Palm Springs International Airport PSP KPSP Riverside San Bernardino International Airport SBD KSBD San Bernardino Bicycle trails[edit] The region is making some progress in developing dedicated bicycle commuter and recreation trails. The largest of these, the Santa Ana River bicycle path, currently connects Corona to Huntington Beach, and is eventually projected to stretch for 84 miles all the way to Redlands when completed in 20 years.[57] A shorter trail exists along the former path of the Pacific Electric Railway from Claremont to Fontana.[58]

Demographics[edit] Historical population Census Pop. %± 1900 45,826 — 1910 91,402 99.5% 1920 123,698 35.3% 1930 214,924 73.7% 1940 266,632 24.1% 1950 451,688 69.4% 1960 809,782 79.3% 1970 1,143,146 41.2% 1980 1,558,182 36.3% 1990 2,588,793 66.1% 2000 3,254,821 25.7% 2010 4,224,851 29.8% Est. 2012 4,350,176 3.0% The population of the Greater Los Angeles area (which includes the Inland Empire) is about 18 million people according to the 2010 United States Census, and is the second largest metropolitan region in the country. The Metropolitan Statistical Area population of the Inland Empire (Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area) onto itself is over 4.2 million people and is the 13th largest metropolitan area in the United States. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, it is the fastest growing area in the state. Between 1990 and 2000, Riverside and San Bernardino counties added 700,000 to their population totals, an increase of 26 percent.[54] Between 2000 and 2010 Inland Empire's population expanded by 970,000 or 30 percent. According to census bureau's 2005–2007 estimates 61.8 percent of the population was White (40.4 percent White Non-Hispanic), 7.5 percent Black, 5.7 percent Asian and 25.0 percent of other or mixed race. 43.9 percent were Hispanic of any race. 21.9 percent of the population was foreign born. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that in 2006, 33.1 percent of people in the Greater San Bernardino Area were overweight, and 30.8 percent were obese. Forbes magazine ranks the area as the fourth fattest in the country. A substantial majority of residents (76.6 percent), last comparatively surveyed in 2001, rated their respective counties as good places to live. Over 81 percent of Riverside County residents indicated that their county is a very good or fairly good place to live, while about 72 percent of residents in San Bernardino County felt the same way. Survey respondents cited "nice living area," "good climate," and "affordable housing" as the top positive factors in assessing their respective communities. Smog was by far the most important negative factor affecting respondents’ ratings in both counties, while traffic was the second highest concern in Riverside County and crime the second highest concern among San Bernardino County residents.[59] Since the 1970s and onwards, large numbers of African-American, Latino and some Asian-American residents from the Los Angeles-Orange County and San Diego metro areas moved to the Inland Empire region. Large Black communities can be found around San Bernardino (Fontana and Rialto) and Riverside (Moreno Valley and Perris), where Blacks and Latinos became majorities in and around those cities. This is also true in the Mojave Desert and Coachella Valley portions.[citation needed] Politics[edit] While the region as a whole had traditionally leaned more Republican than the rest of California, newer[when?] residents are less likely to identify with the Republican party than longer-term residents (36 percent to 42 percent), and the total number of residents identifying with the Democrats (34 percent) slightly edged over the number identifying with the Republican party (33 percent). In the 2008 presidential election, Democratic candidate Barack Obama carried both Riverside and San Bernardino counties, becoming only the second Democrat to carry both counties since Lyndon Johnson in 1964. In 2012, Obama repeated this feat and again carried both counties, and in 2016, Hillary Clinton did the same. Non-Hispanic Whites and non-Hispanic Blacks have the highest participation rates for nearly every type of political activity, while Latinos and Asian Americans lag significantly behind those groups in terms of volunteerism and organizational membership. However, the 2006 immigration protests have significantly boosted political participation among Latinos.[60] Religion[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The Redlands California Temple is one of four LDS temples in Southern California 78 percent of Inland residents view themselves as Christians. 39 percent identify as Roman Catholic, 14 percent as Protestant, and 25 percent as some other type of Christian. (36 percent of total Inland Christians view themselves as "born again".) 1 percent of the population are Jewish, 6 percent belong to some other religion, and 14 percent profess no religion. 27 percent of Inland residents attend some form of religious service once a week, 14 percent attend more than once a week, 15 percent once a month, and 14 percent only attend services on major religious holidays.[60][61] Many faiths and denominations are found and represented in the area. The Roman Catholic parishes in the region belong to the church's Diocese of San Bernardino.[62] Mormons and Seventh-day Adventists have communities in the towns of Loma Linda and Redlands near San Bernardino. Mormons also have congregations in the High Desert region.[citation needed] Seventh-day Adventists operate Loma Linda University.[63] The Inland Empire has a Jewish community, and additionally a Jewish American community is in and around Sun City which was later incorporated as the City of Menifee. According to the United Jewish Citizens of the Desert, the Coachella Valley has an estimated 20,000 American Jews, one of California's largest Jewish communities, as a result of being a major retirement destination.[64] Crime[edit] While the crime index in Riverside and Ontario trends slightly over the state average, San Bernardino has a crime index consistently near or over twice that of the national average.[65][66][67][68] Reflecting nationwide trends, violent crime in the region overall declined or remained consistent in 2009, despite the recession. In the city of Riverside, 10 homicides occurred in 2005, down from 24 in 2003, its highest total since 2003. All but three cases resulted in arrests. In San Bernardino, by contrast, 58 killings occurred in 2005, but only a third of cases in San Bernardino led to arrests, due to a lack of witness cooperation in that city.[69] Latino gangs have been active in the region since the area's citrus days while a continual migration of numerous African American gangs from the inner city of South LA have flowed into the region since the Watts Riots and 1992 Los Angeles Riots.[7][70] The increased diversity in the region between 1990 and 2000 is also associated with a 20 percent increase in hate crime in the same period, mostly ascribed to increased gang activity.[71][72] According to data from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting program, taken together, Riverside and San Bernardino counties showed a total of 51,237 crimes reported to county police/sheriffs (but not to city or other agencies) in 2006; this combined total exceeded the totals for all other California counties – considered individually – except for Sacramento.[73] The region has also been noted as a center of methamphetamine drug production.[74] The Riverside and San Bernardino county sheriffs' departments busted 635 meth labs in 2000; law enforcement has driven most of the meth production industry to Mexico since 2007, but many of the homes discovered to have been used as meth labs before 2006 have since been sold on the market before California law required rigorous decontamination, leading to a legacy of health hazards for unsuspecting renters and home-buyers in the area.[75] In 2016 federal crime statistics stated that San Bernardino was ranked the most dangerous city in California.[76] Education[edit] California State University, San Bernardino University of California, Riverside There is a trend of lower educational attainment in the IE, which starts early. Only 37 percent of 3- and 4-year-olds in the region are enrolled in pre-school, with only one school in the region for every 343 children, as compared with 48 percent enrollment in San Diego County. Thirty-five percent of the IE's ninth graders do not graduate from high school, and only 37 percent of its college age residents enroll in a post-secondary education program of some sort. Only 24 percent of the IE's adult residents have attained a college degree or better. Twenty-five percent do not possess a high school diploma.[54] According to past CSUSB President Al Karnig, "We have a very low college attendance rate that is scantly above half of what the average is in other states. We have only have about 20 percent college graduates in the Inland Empire while the average in other states is 38 percent."[77][78] 21 inland area high schools rank in the top 100 in California for producing dropouts.[79] Of Inland Empire residents 25 years and over in 2004, 44.4 percent of Asians had bachelor's or higher degrees, and nearly 70 percent had at least attended college. 21.3 percent of Blacks had a bachelor's degree or higher, and 65.2 percent had either a community degree or had attended college. 22.8 percent of Whites had a bachelor's degree or higher, and 60.8 percent had attended college. Of Hispanics, 6.9 percent had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 30.2 percent attended college.[80] Among students transferring from Inland community colleges to private schools in 2004–05, the most frequent choice was the University of Phoenix.[81] Employment[edit] While the Inland Empire led the state in job-growth with 275,000 new jobs between 1990 and 2000, most are in comparatively low-tech fields. San Bernardino and Riverside counties are primarily host to service and manufacturing- or warehousing-oriented industries. Food and administrative services employ the most people in the Inland Empire, while for the state of California, the top industries are in administrative services and professional, scientific and hi-tech-oriented fields. 79.8% of the IE's job growth from 1990 to 2003 was in service-sector jobs.[82] Low-wage industries are abundant in the IE, and the area's high-tech and professional industries pay less than in other regions of California. As many as one-third of working adults commute out of the 27,000-square-mile (70,000 km2) region to find work, the highest proportion of any area in the country. Adding to gridlock, fewer than 5% of the IE's 1,249,224 working-age residents use public transportation to get to work each day. 14.5% carpool, while 79.7% typically drive alone to work in their cars.[54] In 2007, the region had an unemployment rate of 6.1%, while overall jobless claims in California were at 5.4% and 4.4% nationally.[83] In 2008, unemployment in the area increased to 9.5%, at a time when the state average was 8.2% and the national average approximately 6.5%.[84] Unemployment reached an all-time high of 15% in 2010, second in the nation only to Detroit among metropolitan areas with populations over 1 million.[85] County 2016 Estimate 2010 Census Change Area Density Riverside County, California 2,387,741 2,189,641 7000904714517128610♠+9.05% 7,206.47 sq mi (18,664.7 km2) 331/sq mi (128/km2) San Bernardino County, California 2,140,096 2,035,210 7000515357137592680♠+5.15% 20,056.92 sq mi (51,947.2 km2) 107/sq mi (41/km2) Total 4,527,837 4,224,851 7000717151918493690♠+7.17% 27,263.39 sq mi (70,611.9 km2) 166/sq mi (64/km2)

Culture[edit] Lamb of God playing at Ozzfest at the San Manuel Amphitheater in Devore, San Bernardino, 2007 The Inland Empire sits adjacent to the San Bernardino Mountains. Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear are just some of the lakes located in the mountains. Lake Arrowhead becomes very popular in the summertime, while Big Bear becomes popular in the winter for skiing and snowboarding activities. Various locations in the Inland Empire provide venues for cultural performances and entertainment.[86] The Victoria Gardens Cultural Center, which is owned and operated by the City of Rancho Cucamonga, opened in the Fall of 2006 providing theatre, concerts and family entertainment to the region. The San Manuel Amphitheater in San Bernardino's Devore neighborhood is the nation's largest outdoor amphitheater.[citation needed] San Bernardino's "Route 66 Rendezvous (the largest classical carshow in the US)," an annual street fair and classic car show, draws a half-million people from around the world.[87] The Palm Springs Aerial Tramway in Palm Springs is a popular attraction, rising to more than 8500 feet. Music[edit] See also: List of bands from the Inland Empire At 330 feet (100 m) high, the Morongo Casino, Resort & Spa tower is the tallest building in the Inland Empire. Concerts and events are booked inside. Established bands from the IE include Alien Ant Farm, The Bellrays, and the Voodoo Glow Skulls, from Riverside, and Cracker from Redlands, and The Mountain Goats From Chino. House music artist DJ Lynnwood got his start at the age of ten spinning records at KUOR-FM in Redlands.girafa is another local electronic artist from Corona, CA. Local hip-hop artists such as Miah Lanski, Suga Free, Saint Dog, 40 Glocc, Young Noble from the Outlawz, J.J. Fad, Raje, Noa James, Xydewayz8, The Faze, and A Lighter Shade of Brown have brought about attention to the growing Hip hop community in and around the region. A number of artists associated with the Palm Desert Scene have forged a new genre, "Desert rock". A Danish record label, Musikministeriet, recently opened up an office in Redlands in hopes of further cultivating the IE music scene.[88] Frank Zappa performed in Upland on Foothill Boulevard during the early 1960s where he played shows on a makeshift stage for college crowds. Zappa also purchased Pal Recording Studio on Archibald Avenue in Rancho Cucamonga where the Surfaris had recorded the surf music classic "Wipe Out." He dubbed it Studio Z and began making recordings which eventually led to the founding of Zappa's group, The Mothers of Invention. Up until his death in December 2012, singer Ray Collins of the Mothers of Invention lived in the area. Zappa mentions the Inland Empire in the song "Billy the Mountain." From the late 80s until the late 90s, many up-and-coming musical acts, such as Rage Against the Machine, Blink-182 and No Doubt cut their teeth playing venues in Riverside.[89] However, these historic venues (Spanky's Cafe, and the De Anza Theatre) have since been closed and converted to other purposes. The Barn at UCR was closed as a music venue for 10 years but beginning in October 2008 KUCR Radio 88.3 FM, ASPB The Associated Student Program Board with funding from UCR Housing began having a free concert series once a week during the school quarter. Emerging music venues in the IE include the Showcase Theatre in Corona (recently closed), Red Planet Records in Riverside, the Vault in Redlands, the Buffalo Inn and The Wire in Upland, the Twins Club in Rancho Cucamonga, the Press Restaurant in Claremont, the Glass House in Pomona, Back To The Grind Coffee Shop in Riverside, Liam's Irish Pub in Colton, and CommonGround Soundstage in Riverside.[90] Performing arts[edit] California Theatre in downtown San Bernardino. Orchestras in the IE include the Redlands Symphony, which performs at the University of Redlands, the Riverside County Philharmonic, which performs at the Riverside Municipal Auditorium, the San Bernardino Symphony, which performs at the California Theatre, and the Victor Valley Symphony, which performs at Victor Valley College. Theatrical Arts International is housed at the California Theatre as well. With the largest subscriber base in the Inland Empire, Theatrical Arts International presents the largest caliber tours available including such blockbusters as Cats, Hairspray, Mamma Mia, and Miss Saigon. There are many other large theater programs in the community. The Riverside Fox Theater, also known as the Fox Performing Arts Center, was built in 1929, and is a Spanish Colonial Revival style building in the heart of downtown Riverside, California. The theater is the centerpiece of Riverside's Arts & Culture initiative and underwent a major renovation and restoration to become a regional performing arts facility. Renovation was completed in the Fall 2009, with a grand-reopening in January 2010. At Chaffey High School in Ontario, they have a very large theater program that puts on shows in the fall and in the spring on one of the largest High School stages in the Inland Empire. The Inland Empire Harmony Carousel Chorus provides music in Barbershop Quartet productions.[91] Sports[edit] Inland Empire 66ers playing at San Manuel Stadium in downtown San Bernardino. The Inland Empire is home to numerous minor league baseball, basketball, and ice hockey teams. The Inland Empire team with the most championships is the Inland Empire 66ers of San Bernardino, who won their most recent championship in 2013.[92][93] The Auto Club Speedway, located in Fontana, opened in 1997. It contains an oval, a road course, and a dragstrip for auto racing. The Speedway is located approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) from the former Ontario Motor Speedway site. The Riverside International Raceway, another defunct motorsport venue, was located about 7 miles (11 km) east of Riverside. Club League Sport Venue Founded Titles Inland Empire 66ers CaL Baseball San Manuel Stadium 1941 6 Lake Elsinore Storm CaL Baseball Lake Elsinore Diamond 1994 2 Rancho Cucamonga Quakes CaL Baseball LoanMart Field 1993 1 Palm Springs Power SoCal CBA Baseball Palm Springs Stadium 2003 2 Agua Caliente Clippers NBA G League Basketball Citizens Business Bank Arena 2017 0 Ontario Reign American Hockey League Ice hockey Citizens Business Bank Arena 2015 0 Los Angeles Temptation LFL Indoor football Citizens Business Bank Arena 2004 3 Ontario Fury MASL Indoor soccer Citizens Business Bank Arena 2013 0 SoCal SC NPSL Soccer San Bernardino Soccer Complex 2016 0 Media[edit] Newspapers[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The Inland Empire is served by four major local newspapers: The provides online only reporting for the Riverside County & San Bernardino Valley region. The San Bernardino County Sun, which serves primarily the San Bernardino Valley region. The Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, which serves the southwestern San Bernardino County and eastern Los Angeles County cities of Claremont, La Verne, Pomona, San Dimas, Upland, Rancho Cucamonga, Ontario, Montclair, Chino and Chino Hills. The Riverside-based Press-Enterprise also has a few editions over the area. There is also an Inland Empire edition of the Los Angeles Times. For the segments of the Inland Empire surrounding San Bernardino and Riverside cities, regional newspapers include: Inland Empire: The Inland Empire Community News, provides online and print reporting for various cities in the Inland Empire. High Desert: Antelope Valley Press, Victorville Daily Press and the Barstow Desert Dispatch. Both Victorville and Barstow have a Sunday edition circulated across both areas called the Press-Dispatch. Palm Springs & Coachella Valley: The Desert Sun Radio[edit] This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2017) The Inland Empire is ranked 26th (June 2008) in the national radio market as a stand-alone market. When combined with the Greater Los Angeles Area, it is part of the second largest radio market.[94] Format stations Public and college Talk radio KOLA-FM 99.9 Classics KVCR-FM 91.9 NPR KCAA-AM 1050 NBC Radio KFRG-FM 95.1 Country KUCR-FM 88.3 UC Riverside KTIE-AM 590 Conservative KHTI-FM 103.9 Adult Top 40 KCAL-FM 96.7 Rock KUOR-FM 89.1 NPR KMET-AM 1490 Conservative KGGI-FM 99.1 Hip-Hop/R&B KLRD-FM 90.1 Christian contemporary KPRO-AM 1570 Religious, variety, sports KMFE-FM 96.9 Community Due to the various mountain ranges including San Bernardino, San Gabriel, and Idyllwild, it may be difficult to receive a single station throughout the entire Inland Empire area without interference. Television[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) While the Inland Empire has television channels licensed to their cities, only PBS member station KVCR-TV broadcasts directly to the Inland Empire. The other channels broadcast to the greater Southern California market. The Inland Empire's source for most of its television is Los Angeles. The southern section of the Inland Empire may have San Diego television as their main source. In some areas just east of Yucaipa, primary television coverage is from the Palm Springs market. Film[edit] While there are no large film production companies or studios based in the Inland Empire, on-location shoots accounted for a total economic impact of $65.2 million in the two-county region in 2006.[95] From 1994 to 2005, filming accounted for over a billion dollars ($1,228,977,456) in total revenues spent in the area. Some famous films shot in the Inland Empire include Executive Decision, U Turn, Erin Brockovich, and The Fast and the Furious.[96] While the David Lynch film Inland Empire is named after the region, no scenes were actually shot in the Inland Empire.[2] Internet media and blogs are quickly gaining traction in the Inland Empire as newspaper readership has been falling. Some entertainment blogs include Things To Do Inland Empire,[97],[98],[99],[100] and[101] Politics has also received coverage on the web, with providing an outlet for political bloggers.[102] Ann Lerner, Albuquerque's film liaison, told the L.A. Times about the AMC cable TV series Breaking Bad producers wanted to film the series in California's Inland Empire but switched to New Mexico because of New Mexico's tax incentives.[103]

Incorporated cities[edit] See also: List of unincorporated communities in the Inland Empire Riverside County cities Year incorporated Population, 2014[44] Median income, 2009[44] Banning 1913 30,769 $40,073 Beaumont 1912 42,277 $46,703 Blythe 1916 19,258 $36,883 Calimesa 1990 8,423 $56,531 Canyon Lake 1990 11,010 $84,324 Cathedral City 1981 53,437 $43,792 Coachella 1946 44,132 $35,797 Corona 1896 161,486 $83,505 Desert Hot Springs 1963 28,164 $36,397 Eastvale 2010 57,016 N/A Hemet 1910 83,032 $33,924 Indian Wells 1967 5,219 $116,718 Indio 1930 85,633 $47,708 Jurupa Valley 2011 98,842 N/A La Quinta 1982 39,964 $74,452 Lake Elsinore 1888 60,029 $55,179 Menifee 2008 85,182 N/A Moreno Valley 1984 202,976 $55,604 Murrieta 1991 108,368 $74,775 Norco 1964 26,959 $81,182 Palm Desert 1973 51,202 $51,999 Palm Springs 1938 46,854 $43,615 Perris 1911 73,756 $49,675 Rancho Mirage 1973 17,982 $76,642 Riverside 1883 319,504 $54,099 San Jacinto 1888 46,490 $42,772 Temecula 1989 109,428 $75,335 Wildomar 2008 35,377 N/A San Bernardino County cities Year incorporated Population, 2014[44] Median income, 2006[44] Adelanto 1970 32,728 $42,210 Apple Valley 1988 71,595 $48,946 Barstow 1947 23,498 $39,564 Big Bear Lake 1981 5,173 $42,512 Chino 1910 84,723 $70,283 Chino Hills 1991 77,005 $103,404 Colton 1887 54,053 $42,665 Fontana 1952 204,950 $61,752 Grand Terrace 1978 12,414 $68,098 Hesperia 1988 92,749 $48,244 Highland 1987 54,651 $54,153 Loma Linda 1970 23,853 $52,272 Montclair 1956 38,465 $56,147 Needles 1913 4,969 $32,431 Ontario 1891 169,089 $55,781 Rancho Cucamonga 1977 174,305 $78,452 Redlands 1888 70,622 $63,463 Rialto 1911 102,741 $40,659 San Bernardino 1854 215,213 $31,405 Twentynine Palms 1987 25,902 $36,471 Upland 1906 76,043 $61,044 Victorville 1962 121,901 $50,531 Yucaipa 1989 53,096 $50,529 Yucca Valley 1991 21,485 $38,092

See also[edit] Inland Empire portal Greater Los Angeles portal List of California urban areas List of museums in the Inland Empire (California)

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External links[edit] Inland Empire travel guide from Wikivoyage Inland Empire at Curlie (based on DMOZ) v t e Inland Empire Counties Riverside San Bernardino Major cities Riverside San Bernardino Cities and towns 100k+ Corona Fontana Moreno Valley Murrieta Ontario Rancho Cucamonga Temecula Victorville Cities and towns 25k–100k Apple Valley Banning Beaumont Cathedral City Chino Chino Hills Coachella Colton Desert Hot Springs Eastvale Hemet Hesperia Highland Indio Jurupa Valley Lake Elsinore Menifee Montclair Norco Palm Desert Palm Springs Perris Redlands Rialto Rubidoux San Jacinto Twentynine Palms Upland Valle Vista Wildomar Yucaipa Cities and towns 10k–25k Adelanto Barstow Big Bear City Bloomington Blythe Cabazon Canyon Lake Crestline Glen Avon Grand Terrace La Quinta Loma Linda Mira Loma Pedley Rancho Mirage Twentynine Palms Yucca Valley Cities and towns under 10k Big Bear Lake Calimesa Devore El Cerrito Oak Glen Highgrove Home Gardens Indian Wells Joshua Tree Lake Arrowhead Landers Mentone Muscoy Needles Romoland San Antonio Heights Sunnyslope Wrightwood Woodcrest Regions Coachella Valley Cucamonga Valley Elsinore Trough High Desert Morongo Basin Perris Plain Plains of Leon San Bernardino Mountains San Bernardino Valley San Jacinto Mountains San Jacinto Valley Santa Ana Mountains Temescal Mountains Victor Valley Other articles related to the Inland Empire v t e Radio stations in the Inland Empire By AM frequency 590 640 1050 1240 1290 1330 1350 1370 1410 1440 1490 1510 1570 1670 By FM frequency 87.71 88.3 88.7 88.9 89.1 89.7 90.1 90.3 90.9 91.1 91.9 92.5 92.9 93.5 94.3 94.5 95.1 96.1 96.7 97.5 98.1 98.3 98.3 99.1 99.9 100.9 101.3 101.7 102.3 103.1 103.3 103.9 104.1 104.7 105.7 106.5 106.9 1 Audio for TV channel 6 (KRPE-LP/Rel) By callsign K212GC K251AH K252BF K276EF K295AI KAEH KATY-FM KCAA KCAL KCAL-FM KDEY-FM KEZY KFOO KFRG KGGI KGIC-LP KHPY KHTI KJVA-LP KKDD KKLP KKLM (FM) KLRD KLYY KMET KMYT KOLA KPRO KQIE KQLH-LP KRCV KRDC (AM) KRQB KCAA KCAA KSDW KSGN KSPA KSPC KTIE KTMQ KUBE KUCR KUOR KVCR KWRM KXFG KXRS KXSB K272FQ K293CF Nearby radio markets High Desert/Eastern Sierra Los Angeles Palm Springs San Diego Victor Valley See also List of radio stations in California v t e Sports teams in the Inland Empire region Baseball CL Inland Empire 66ers Lake Elsinore Storm Rancho Cucamonga Quakes PL High Desert Yardbirds SCBBA Palm Springs Power Basketball NBA G League Agua Caliente Clippers American football WFA Inland Empire Ravens LFL Los Angeles Temptation Ice hockey AHL Ontario Reign Soccer NPSL Deportivo Coras USA Temecula FC College athletics NCAA Division I UC Riverside Highlanders NCAA Division II California Baptist Lancers Cal State San Bernardino Coyotes NCAA Division III Pomona-Pitzer Sagehens Claremont-Mudd-Scripps Stags and Athenas v t e Colleges and universities in the Inland Empire Public universities California State University, San Bernardino University of California, Riverside Community colleges Public Barstow Community College Chaffey College College of the Desert Copper Mountain College Crafton Hills College Moreno Valley College Mount San Jacinto College Norco College Palo Verde Community College Riverside City College San Bernardino Valley College Victor Valley College Private California Preparatory College Community Christian College San Joaquin Valley College Private universities American Sports University defunct California Baptist University California Southern Law School Claremont Colleges La Sierra University Loma Linda University National University Ontario, San Bernardino University of La Verne University of Redlands Western University of Health Sciences For-profit university branches The Art Institute of California — Inland Empire University of Phoenix v t e Mass transit in the Inland Empire Rail Metrolink Arrow (planned) Amtrak Southwest Chief Sunset Limited Texas Eagle Bus San Bernardino County Omnitrans sbX Mountain Transit Barstow Area Transit MBTA Needles Area Transit VVTA Riverside County RTA SunLine Pass Transit List of Southern California transit agencies v t e The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America     New York, NY Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Dallas, TX Houston, TX Washington, DC Philadelphia, PA Miami, FL Atlanta, GA Boston, MA San Francisco, CA Phoenix, AZ Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Detroit, MI Seattle, WA Minneapolis, MN San Diego, CA Tampa, FL Denver, CO St. Louis, MO Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC San Juan, PR Orlando, FL San Antonio, TX Portland, OR Pittsburgh, PA Sacramento, CA Cincinnati, OH Las Vegas, NV Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Indianapolis, IN San Jose, CA Nashville, TN Virginia Beach, VA Providence, RI Milwaukee, WI Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN Oklahoma City, OK Louisville, KY Richmond, VA New Orleans, LA Hartford, CT Raleigh, NC Birmingham, AL Buffalo, NY Salt Lake City, UT Rochester, NY Grand Rapids, MI Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport, CT Worcester, MA Albuquerque, NM Omaha, NE Albany, NY New Haven, CT Bakersfield, CA Knoxville, TN Greenville, SC Oxnard, CA El Paso, TX Allentown, PA Baton Rouge, LA McAllen, TX Dayton, OH Columbia, SC Greensboro, NC Sarasota, FL Little Rock, AR Stockton, CA Akron, OH Charleston, SC Colorado Springs, CO Syracuse, NY Winston-Salem, NC Cape Coral, FL Boise, ID Wichita, KS Springfield, MA Madison, WI Lakeland, FL Ogden, UT Toledo, OH Deltona, FL Des Moines, IA Jackson, MS Augusta, GA Scranton, PA Youngstown, OH Harrisburg, PA Provo, UT Palm Bay, FL Chattanooga, TN United States Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012 v t e Greater Los Angeles Area Central city Los Angeles Counties Los Angeles Orange Riverside San Bernardino Ventura Satellite cities Long Beach Riverside San Bernardino Cities >200k Anaheim Fontana Glendale Huntington Beach Irvine Long Beach Moreno Valley Oxnard Riverside San Bernardino Santa Ana Cities and towns 100k−200k Burbank Corona Costa Mesa Downey East Los Angeles El Monte Fullerton Garden Grove Inglewood Lancaster Murrieta Norwalk Ontario Orange Palmdale Pasadena Pomona Rancho Cucamonga Rialto Santa Clarita Simi Valley Temecula Thousand Oaks Torrance Ventura Victorville West Covina Area regions Los Angeles metropolitan area Antelope Valley Central Los Angeles Coachella Valley Colorado Desert Conejo Valley Downtown Los Angeles East Los Angeles Gateway Cities Greater Hollywood Harbor Area Inland Empire Mojave Desert Northwest Los Angeles Palos Verdes Peninsula Pomona Valley San Bernardino Valley San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Valley Santa Ana Valley Santa Clarita Valley Simi Valley South Bay South Los Angeles Victor Valley Westside Los Angeles Landforms Los Angeles Basin Baldwin Hills (range) Catalina Island Channel Islands Chino Hills Hollywood Hills Oxnard Plain Palos Verdes Hills Puente Hills San Fernando Valley San Gabriel Mountains San Gabriel Valley San Jacinto Mountains Santa Ana Mountains Santa Monica Mountains Santa Susana Mountains Sierra Pelona Mountains Simi Hills Verdugo Mountains Bodies of water Los Angeles River Aliso Creek Arroyo Calabasas Arroyo Seco Ballona Creek Bell Creek Big Bear Lake Coyote Creek Lake Arrowhead Lake Gregory Lake Perris Lake Piru Los Angeles Aqueduct Malibu Creek Mojave River Pacific Ocean Pyramid Lake Rio Hondo San Gabriel River San Juan Creek San Pedro Bay Santa Ana River Santa Clara River Santa Margarita River Santa Monica Bay Tujunga Wash v t e  State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Culture Food Music Myth Sports Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography Climate Ecology Flora Fauna Government Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics Congressional delegations Elections People Protected areas State Parks State Historic Landmarks Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles Regions Antelope Valley Big Sur California Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country Metro regions Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana Counties Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Most populous cities Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim Retrieved from "" Categories: Inland EmpireRegions of CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaRiverside County, CaliforniaSouthern CaliforniaMetropolitan areas of CaliforniaHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksAll articles with dead external linksArticles 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Inland NorthwestInland Empire (film)Inland Empire (disambiguation)List Of Metropolitan Areas Of The United StatesSan BernardinoSan Bernardino, CaliforniaRiversideRiverside, CaliforniaOntarioOntario, CaliforniaList Of Sovereign StatesUnited StatesU.S. StateCaliforniaCounty (United States)Riverside County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaFontana, CaliforniaMoreno Valley, CaliforniaRancho Cucamonga, CaliforniaOntario, CaliforniaCorona, CaliforniaVictorville, CaliforniaTemecula, CaliforniaMurrieta, CaliforniaUrban AreaList Of United States Urban AreasMetropolitan AreaList Of Metropolitan Areas Of The United StatesTime ZonePacific Time ZoneUTC−08:00Daylight Saving TimePacific Time ZoneUTC−07:00Southern CaliforniaRiverside CountySan Bernardino CountyLos Angeles CountyPomona ValleyPalm SpringsCoachella ValleyU.S. Census BureauEnlargeYucca ValleyMorongo BasinThe Press-EnterprisePasadena, CaliforniaRedlands, CaliforniaPalm SpringsHistory 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Of The "Town Square" At Victoria Gardens In Rancho CucamongaFile:VG 5.jpgVictoria Gardens (Rancho Cucamonga)Rancho Cucamonga, CaliforniaSanta Ana MountainsSanta Ana WindMarine LayerSanta Ana MountainsTraffic CongestionAir QualityParticulateUnited States Environmental Protection AgencySan Bernardino, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaParticulateSan Joaquin ValleyWikipedia:Citation NeededWater PollutionSanta Ana RiverMarch Air Reserve BaseStringfellow Acid PitsGroundwaterPerchlorateRialto, CaliforniaUnited States Environmental Protection AgencySuperfundMarch Air Reserve BaseNorton Air Force BaseStringfellow Acid PitsToxic WasteTransportation In The Inland EmpireEnlargeI-10Interstate 215 (California)Downtown San BernardinoSan BernardinoTraffic CongestionSouthern CaliforniaWikipedia:Citation NeededFoothill FreewayCalifornia State Route 210San Dimas, CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaCommutingForbes (magazine)Auto AccidentRoad RageEnlargeSan Bernardino ExpressEnlargePublic TransportationOmnitransRiverside Transit AgencyRapid TransitBus Rapid TransitSan Bernardino ExpressLight-railVerdemont, San Bernardino, CaliforniaLoma Linda, CaliforniaDowntown San BernardinoHospitality Lane District, San Bernardino, CaliforniaOntario International AirportPalm Springs International AirportCommercial AirportJoint Powers AgencyNorton Air Force BaseSan Bernardino International AirportGeneral AviationDiscount AirlineVolarisIATA Airport CodeICAO Airport CodeCounty (United States)Ontario International AirportSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaPalm Springs International AirportRiverside County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino International AirportSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaSanta Ana River Bicycle PathPacific Electric Railway1900 United States Census1910 United States Census1920 United States Census1930 United States Census1940 United States Census1950 United States Census1960 United States Census1970 United States Census1980 United States Census1990 United States Census2000 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Of San BernardinoThe Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-day SaintsSeventh-day Adventist ChurchLoma Linda, CaliforniaRedlands, CaliforniaHigh Desert (California)Wikipedia:Citation NeededLoma Linda UniversityJewsAmerican JewsSun City, CaliforniaMenifee, CaliforniaCoachella ValleyCrime IndexSan Bernardino, CaliforniaViolent CrimeWatts Riots1992 Los Angeles RiotsHate CrimeUniform Crime ReportsRiverside County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaSacramento County, CaliforniaMethamphetamineCaliforniaEnlargeCalifornia State University, San BernardinoEnlargeUniversity Of California, RiversidePre-schoolSan Diego CountyPost-secondary EducationCollege DegreeCSUSBDropping OutUniversity Of PhoenixService IndustryManufacturingWarehousingFood ServiceAdministration (business)ScientificHi-techGridlockPublic TransportationJobless ClaimsList Of Counties In CaliforniaRiverside County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaEnlargeLamb Of God (band)OzzfestSan Manuel AmphitheaterDevore, 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FadNoa JamesA Lighter Shade Of BrownHip Hop CulturePalm Desert ScenePalm Desert SceneDenmarkFrank ZappaPal Recording StudioThe Mothers Of InventionRay Collins (rock Musician)Rage Against The MachineBlink-182No DoubtEnlargeCalifornia Theatre (San Bernardino)Downtown San BernardinoSan Bernardino, CaliforniaUniversity Of RedlandsRiverside Municipal AuditoriumCalifornia Theatre (San Bernardino)Victor Valley CollegeCalifornia Theatre (San Bernardino)Barbershop QuartetEnlargeInland Empire 66ersSan Manuel StadiumDowntown San BernardinoInland Empire 66ersAuto Club SpeedwayFontana, CaliforniaOntario Motor SpeedwayRiverside International RacewayInland Empire 66ers Of San BernardinoCalifornia LeagueBaseballSan Manuel StadiumLake Elsinore StormCalifornia LeagueLake Elsinore DiamondRancho Cucamonga QuakesCalifornia LeagueLoanMart FieldSouthern California Collegiate Baseball AssociationPalm Springs StadiumAgua Caliente ClippersNBA G LeagueBasketballCitizens Business Bank ArenaOntario Reign (AHL)American Hockey LeagueIce HockeyLos Angeles TemptationLegends Football LeagueIndoor American FootballOntario FuryMajor Arena Soccer LeagueIndoor SoccerSoCal SCNational Premier Soccer LeagueAssociation FootballSan Gorgonio High SchoolWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalRiverside CountySan Bernardino ValleySan Bernardino County SunSan Bernardino ValleyInland Valley Daily BulletinSan Bernardino CountyLos Angeles CountyPress-Enterprise (California)Los Angeles TimesHigh Desert (California)Palm Springs, CaliforniaCoachella ValleyThe Desert SunWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalPBSKVCR-TVYucaipaFilming LocationExecutive DecisionU Turn (1997 Film)Erin Brockovich (film)The Fast And The Furious (2001 Film)David LynchInland Empire (film)AlbuquerqueAMC (TV Channel)Breaking BadList Of Unincorporated Communities In The Inland EmpireBanning, CaliforniaBeaumont, CaliforniaBlythe, CaliforniaCalimesa, CaliforniaCanyon Lake, CaliforniaCathedral City, CaliforniaCoachella, CaliforniaCorona, CaliforniaDesert Hot Springs, CaliforniaEastvale, CaliforniaHemet, CaliforniaIndian Wells, CaliforniaIndio, CaliforniaJurupa Valley, CaliforniaLa Quinta, CaliforniaLake Elsinore, CaliforniaMenifee, CaliforniaMoreno Valley, CaliforniaMurrieta, CaliforniaNorco, CaliforniaPalm Desert, CaliforniaPalm Springs, CaliforniaPerris, CaliforniaRancho Mirage, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaSan Jacinto, CaliforniaTemecula, CaliforniaWildomar, CaliforniaAdelanto, CaliforniaApple Valley, CaliforniaBarstow, CaliforniaBig Bear Lake, CaliforniaChino, CaliforniaChino Hills, CaliforniaColton, CaliforniaFontana, CaliforniaGrand Terrace, CaliforniaHesperia, CaliforniaHighland, CaliforniaLoma Linda, CaliforniaMontclair, CaliforniaNeedles, CaliforniaOntario, CaliforniaRancho Cucamonga, CaliforniaRedlands, CaliforniaRialto, CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaTwentynine Palms, CaliforniaUpland, CaliforniaVictorville, CaliforniaYucaipa, CaliforniaYucca Valley, CaliforniaPortal:Inland EmpirePortal:Greater Los AngelesList Of California Urban AreasList Of Museums In The Inland Empire (California)International Standard Serial NumberU.S. Census BureauComma-separated ValuesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-932173-07-2International Standard Serial NumberMike Davis (scholar)The NationSan Bernardino County SunUniversity Of CaliforniaDaily BulletinDaily BulletinInternational Standard Serial NumberDow Jones & Company, Inc.International Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Serial NumberCalifornia State University, San BernardinoTribune CompanyWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineLos Angeles TimesPress Enterprise (California)International Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Serial NumberWayback MachineOakland, CaliforniaBepressCalifornia Digital LibraryInternational Standard Serial NumberSmart Growth AmericaInternational Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Serial NumberThe Press-EnterprisePress Enterprise (California)International Standard Serial NumberWikipedia:Link RotUS House Of RepresentativesU.S. Government Printing OfficeSan Bernardino County SunPress Enterprise (California)ForbesInternational Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Serial NumberUniversity Of Southern CaliforniaWayback MachineUniversity Of California, RiversideThe Press-Enterprise (California)Wayback MachineSan Bernardino County SunPress Enterprise (California)A. H. BeloSan Bernardino County SunSouthern Poverty Law CenterSlate (magazine)The Washington Post CompanyPress Enterprise (California)A. H. BeloSan Bernardino County SunSan Bernardino County SunPress Enterprise (California)Press Enterprise (California)Press Enterprise (California)Tribune CompanyPress-Enterprise (California)San Bernardino County SunRedlands Daily FactsPress Enterprise (California)Inland Valley Daily BulletinPress Enterprise (California)Wikipedia:Link RotVoy:Inland EmpireDMOZTemplate:Inland EmpireTemplate Talk:Inland EmpireRiverside County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaSan Bernardino, CaliforniaCorona, CaliforniaFontana, CaliforniaMoreno Valley, CaliforniaMurrieta, CaliforniaOntario, CaliforniaRancho Cucamonga, CaliforniaTemecula, CaliforniaVictorville, CaliforniaApple Valley, CaliforniaBanning, CaliforniaBeaumont, CaliforniaCathedral City, CaliforniaChino, CaliforniaChino Hills, CaliforniaCoachella, CaliforniaColton, CaliforniaDesert Hot Springs, CaliforniaEastvale, CaliforniaHemet, CaliforniaHesperia, CaliforniaHighland, CaliforniaIndio, CaliforniaJurupa Valley, CaliforniaLake Elsinore, CaliforniaMenifee, CaliforniaMontclair, CaliforniaNorco, CaliforniaPalm Desert, CaliforniaPalm Springs, CaliforniaPerris, CaliforniaRedlands, CaliforniaRialto, CaliforniaRubidoux, CaliforniaSan Jacinto, CaliforniaTwentynine Palms, CaliforniaUpland, CaliforniaValle Vista, CaliforniaWildomar, CaliforniaYucaipa, CaliforniaAdelanto, CaliforniaBarstow, CaliforniaBig Bear City, CaliforniaBloomington, CaliforniaBlythe, CaliforniaCabazon, CaliforniaCanyon Lake, CaliforniaCrestline, CaliforniaGlen Avon, CaliforniaGrand Terrace, CaliforniaLa Quinta, CaliforniaLoma Linda, CaliforniaMira Loma, CaliforniaPedley, CaliforniaRancho Mirage, CaliforniaTwentynine Palms, CaliforniaYucca Valley, CaliforniaBig Bear Lake, CaliforniaCalimesa, CaliforniaDevore, CaliforniaEl Cerrito, Riverside County, CaliforniaOak Glen, San Bernardino County, CaliforniaHighgrove, CaliforniaHome Gardens, CaliforniaIndian Wells, CaliforniaJoshua Tree, CaliforniaLake Arrowhead, CaliforniaLanders, CaliforniaMentone, CaliforniaMuscoy, CaliforniaNeedles, CaliforniaRomoland, CaliforniaSan Antonio Heights, CaliforniaSunnyslope, CaliforniaWrightwood, CaliforniaWoodcrest, CaliforniaCoachella ValleyCucamonga ValleyElsinore TroughHigh Desert (California)Morongo BasinPerris BlockPlains Of LeonSan Bernardino MountainsSan Bernardino ValleySan Jacinto MountainsSan Jacinto ValleySanta Ana MountainsTemescal MountainsVictor ValleyTemplate:IE RadioTemplate Talk:IE RadioAM BroadcastingFrequencyKTIEKFIKCAAKEZYKKDDKRDC (AM)KUBE (AM)KWRMKCAL (AM)KFOO (AM)KMET (AM)KSPAKPROKHPYFM BroadcastingKUCRKSPCKSDWKPCCKSGNKLRDK212GCKGIC-LPKKLPKVCR (FM)KQLH-LPKXFGKDEY-FMKJVA-LPKMYT (FM)KFRGKRQBKCAL-FMKLYYKMROKRCD (FM)KSSEKGGIKOLAKAEHKATY-FMKXSBK272FQK276EFKTMQKHTIKKLM (FM)KQIEKXRSK293CFK295AITelevision ChannelReligious BroadcastingCall Signs In North AmericaK212GCKMROKSSEKAWZKMROKAEHKATY-FMKCAAKCAL (AM)KCAL-FMKDEY-FMKEZYKFOO (AM)KFRGKGGIKGIC-LPKHPYKHTIKJVA-LPKKDDKKLPKKLM (FM)KLRDKLYYKMET (AM)KMYT (FM)KOLAKPROKQIEKQLH-LPKRCD (FM)KRDC (AM)KRQBK272FQK293CFKSDWKSGNKSPAKSPCKTIEKTMQKUBE (AM)KUCRKPCCKVCR (FM)KWRMKXFGKXRSKXSBKCAAKCAATemplate:High Desert/ Eastern Sierra RadioTemplate:LA RadioTemplate:Palm Springs RadioTemplate:San Diego RadioTemplate:Victor Valley RadioList Of Radio Stations In CaliforniaTemplate:Inland Empire SportsTemplate Talk:Inland Empire SportsInland Empire (California)BaseballCalifornia LeagueInland Empire 66ersLake Elsinore StormRancho Cucamonga QuakesPecos LeagueHigh Desert YardbirdsSouthern California Collegiate Baseball AssociationBasketballNBA G LeagueAgua Caliente ClippersAmerican FootballWomen's Football AllianceInland Empire RavensLegends Football LeagueLos Angeles TemptationIce HockeyAmerican Hockey LeagueOntario Reign (AHL)SoccerNational Premier Soccer LeagueDeportivo Coras USATemecula FCCollege AthleticsNCAA Division IUC Riverside HighlandersNCAA Division IICalifornia Baptist LancersCal State San Bernardino CoyotesNCAA Division IIICecil The SagehenClaremont-Mudd-Scripps Stags And AthenasTemplate:Colleges And Universities In The Inland EmpireTemplate Talk:Colleges And Universities In The Inland EmpirePublic UniversityCalifornia State University, San BernardinoUniversity Of California, RiversideCommunity CollegeBarstow Community CollegeChaffey CollegeCollege Of The DesertCopper Mountain CollegeCrafton Hills CollegeMoreno Valley CollegeMount San Jacinto CollegeNorco CollegePalo Verde Community CollegeRiverside City CollegeSan Bernardino Valley CollegeVictor Valley CollegeCalifornia Preparatory CollegeCommunity Christian CollegeSan Joaquin Valley CollegePrivate UniversityAmerican Sports UniversityCalifornia Baptist UniversityCalifornia Southern Law SchoolClaremont CollegesLa Sierra UniversityLoma Linda UniversityNational University (California)University Of La VerneUniversity Of RedlandsWestern University Of Health SciencesFor-profit Higher Education In The United StatesThe Art InstitutesUniversity Of PhoenixTemplate:IE Mass TransitTemplate Talk:IE Mass TransitPublic TransportMetrolink (Southern California)Redlands Passenger Rail ProjectSouthwest ChiefSunset LimitedTexas EagleOmnitransSbXMountain Area Regional Transit AuthorityBarstow Area TransitMorongo Basin Transit AuthorityNeedles Area TransitVictor Valley Transit AuthorityRiverside Transit AgencySunLine Transit AgencyPass TransitList Of Southern California Transit AgenciesTemplate:USLargestMetrosTemplate Talk:USLargestMetrosMetropolitan Statistical AreaNew York Metropolitan AreaLos Angeles Metropolitan AreaChicago Metropolitan AreaDallas–Fort Worth MetroplexGreater HoustonWashington Metropolitan AreaDelaware ValleyMiami Metropolitan AreaAtlanta Metropolitan AreaGreater BostonSan Francisco–Oakland–Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical AreaPhoenix Metropolitan AreaMetro DetroitSeattle Metropolitan AreaMinneapolis–Saint PaulSan Diego County, CaliforniaTampa Bay AreaDenver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical AreaGreater St. LouisBaltimore Metropolitan AreaCharlotte Metropolitan AreaSan Juan-Carolina-Caguas, PR Metropolitan Statistical AreaGreater OrlandoGreater San AntonioPortland Metropolitan AreaPittsburgh Metropolitan AreaSacramento Metropolitan AreaCincinnati Metropolitan AreaLas Vegas–Paradise, NV MSAKansas City Metropolitan AreaGreater AustinColumbus, Ohio Metropolitan AreaGreater ClevelandIndianapolis Metropolitan AreaSan Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Metropolitan Statistical AreaNashville Metropolitan AreaHampton RoadsProvidence Metropolitan AreaMilwaukee Metropolitan AreaJacksonville Metropolitan AreaMemphis Metropolitan AreaOklahoma City Metropolitan AreaLouisville Metropolitan AreaGreater Richmond RegionNew Orleans Metropolitan AreaGreater HartfordResearch TriangleBirmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical AreaBuffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan AreaSalt Lake City Metropolitan AreaRochester, New York Metropolitan AreaGrand Rapids Metropolitan AreaPima County, ArizonaHonolulu County, HawaiiTulsa 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