Contents 1 History 2 Selected filmography 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] Advertisement for On the Shore (1912) The Independent Moving Pictures Company was founded in 1909 by Carl Laemmle, and was located at Eleventh Avenue and 53rd Street New York City, and with a studio in Fort Lee, New Jersey.[1] The first movie produced by IMP was Hiawatha (1909) starring Gladys Hulette, a one-reel drama short based on the 1855 poem The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.[2] At a time when leading screen players worked anonymously, IMP performers Florence Lawrence, formerly known as "The Biograph Girl," and King Baggot became the first "movie stars" to be given billing and screen credits, a marquee as well as promotion in advertising, which contributed to the creation of the star system. In the early 20th century, the Motion Picture Patents Company, or the Trust, was fought by the unlicensed independent films (dubbed "pirates" or "outlaws"), led by Laemmle. Others against the MPPC included Harry E. Aitken (Majestic Films), William Fox (founder of the Fox Film Corporation), and Adolph Zukor (Famous Players Film Company, a precursor to Paramount). The flexible, stealthy and adventurous independents avoided coercive MPPC restrictions (the requirement to use only Trust film stock and projectors, for example) by using unlicensed equipment, obtaining their own film materials, and making movies on the sly. After many of the independents, including IMP, organized their distribution subsidiaries into the Motion Picture Distributing and Sales Company in mid-1910, with Laemmle as their president, the Trust issued an injunction against Laemmle for the camera being used, claiming that it was an infringement on their patents,[3] but eventually lost. Before long, the independents began moving to Southern California, and opened up a West Coast movie-making industry. In 1910, IMP began production in Los Angeles, and had a studio in Hollywood at Sunset Boulevard and Gower Street, which became known as "Gower Gulch" due to the actors dressed as cowboys and Indians waiting on that corner to be cast in Westerns. By May, 1912, the Motion Picture Distributing and Sales Company began to collapse, its supporting production companies removing their distribution needs to other companies or under their own direction. On June 10, 1912, the assets of Independent Moving Pictures were transferred to the newly incorporated Universal Film Manufacturing Company, which undertook to distribute for several of the departing Sales Company producers in continued opposition to the Edison trust. IMP was corporately dissolved but its name continued to be used as a brand name for Laemmle's productions.[4]

Selected filmography[edit] Their First Misunderstanding (1911) The Dream (1911) Artful Kate (1911) Pictureland (1911) Sweet Memories (1911) The Bridal Room (1912)

References[edit] ^ Rose, Liza (April 29, 2012), "100 years ago, Fort Lee was the first town to bask in movie magic", The Star-Ledger, retrieved 2012-11-11  ^ Hiawatha at the Internet Movie Database. ^ New York Times, Dec. 1, 1912, "How Carl Laemmle Succeeded In Breaking The Moving Picture Trust," p. SM 14. ^ "IMP Sells to Universal". The Moving Picture World. June 29, 1912. Retrieved 2016-01-07. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Independent Moving Pictures Company. Fort Lee Film Commission Film History Before 1920 Independent Moving Pictures Company at the Internet Movie Database Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131414212 LCCN: n85138258 Retrieved from "" Categories: Entertainment companies established in 1909Media companies established in 1909Media companies disestablished in 1912Silent film studiosDefunct American film studiosEntertainment companies based in New York CityNew Jersey mediaDefunct companies based in New York CityCompanies based in Bergen County, New Jersey1909 establishments in New York (state)1912 disestablishments in New York (state)Hidden categories: CS1: Julian–Gregorian uncertaintyWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers

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Independent_Moving_Pictures - Photos and All Basic Informations

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Film StudioProduction CompanyCarl LaemmleNew York CityFort Lee, New JerseyUniversal StudiosEnlargeCarl LaemmleNew York CityFort Lee, New Jersey1909 In FilmGladys HuletteDrama FilmShort SubjectPoetryThe Song Of HiawathaHenry Wadsworth LongfellowFlorence LawrenceKing BaggotMovie StarBilling (filmmaking)Motion Picture CreditsMarquee (sign)Promotion (marketing)AdvertisingStar System (filmmaking)Motion Picture Patents CompanyIndependent FilmWilliam Fox (producer)Fox Film CorporationAdolph ZukorFamous Players Film CompanyParamount PicturesMotion Picture Distributing And Sales CompanySouthern CaliforniaHollywood, Los Angeles, CaliforniaSunset BoulevardGower Street (Hollywood)Gower GulchWestern (genre)Universal StudiosTheir First MisunderstandingThe Dream (1911 Film)Artful KatePicturelandSweet MemoriesThe Bridal RoomInternet Movie DatabaseThe New York TimesInternet Movie DatabaseHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberHelp:CategoryCategory:Entertainment Companies Established In 1909Category:Media Companies Established In 1909Category:Media Companies Disestablished In 1912Category:Silent Film StudiosCategory:Defunct American Film StudiosCategory:Entertainment Companies Based In New York CityCategory:New Jersey MediaCategory:Defunct Companies Based In New York CityCategory:Companies Based In Bergen County, New JerseyCategory:1909 Establishments In New York (state)Category:1912 Disestablishments In New York (state)Category:CS1: Julian–Gregorian UncertaintyCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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