Contents 1 History 2 Sites of interest 2.1 Fort Yuma 2.2 Blue Angels 2.3 Imperial Valley Expo & fairgrounds 2.4 Algodones Sand Dunes 2.5 Colorado River 2.6 Salvation Mountain 2.7 Anza-Borrego Desert State Park 2.8 Fossil Canyon and Painted Gorge 2.9 Imperial NWR 2.10 Sonny Bono Salton Sea NWR 2.11 Museum of History in Granite 3 Geography 3.1 National protected areas 4 Demographics 4.1 2011 4.1.1 Places by population, race, and income 4.2 2010 4.3 2000 5 Government 6 Politics 6.1 Voter registration statistics 6.1.1 Cities by population and voter registration 6.2 Overview 7 Crime 7.1 Cities by population and crime rates 8 Economy 9 Renewable energy source 10 Transportation 10.1 Major highways 10.2 Public transportation 10.3 Airports 10.3.1 County owned 10.3.2 Municipal ownership 10.3.3 Privately owned 10.3.4 Military 11 Communities 11.1 Cities 11.2 Census-designated places 11.3 Unincorporated communities 11.4 Population ranking 11.5 Area codes 12 In popular culture 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links


History[edit] This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Juan Bautista de Anza Becerra Nieto Spanish explorer Melchor Díaz was one of the first Europeans to visit the area around Imperial Valley in 1540. The explorer Juan Bautista de Anza also explored the area in 1776.[7] Years later, after the Mexican-American War, the northern half of the valley was annexed by the U.S., while the southern half remained under Mexican rule. Small scale settlement in natural aquifer areas occurred in the early 19th century (the present-day site of Mexicali), but most permanent settlement (Anglo Americans in the U.S. side, Mexicans in the other side) was after 1900.[8] In 1905, torrential rainfall in the American Southwest caused the Colorado River (the only drainage for the region) to flood, including canals that had been built to irrigate the Imperial Valley. Since the valley is partially below sea level, the waters never fully receded, but collected in the Salton Sink in what is now called the Salton Sea, the world's only artificial inland sea. Imperial County was formed in 1907 from the eastern portion of San Diego County. The county took its name from Imperial Valley, itself named for the Imperial Land Company, a subsidiary of the California Development Company, which at the turn of the 20th century had claimed the southern portion of the Colorado Desert for agriculture. Much of the Imperial Land Company's land also existed in Mexico (Baja California). The objective of the company was commercial crop farming development. By 1910, the land company had managed to settle and develop thousands of farms on both sides of the border. The Mexican Revolution soon after severely disrupted the company's plans. Nearly 10,000 farmers and their families in Mexico were ethnically cleansed by the rival Mexican armies. Not until the 1920s was the other side of California in America sufficiently peaceful and prosperous for the company to earn a return for a large percentage of Mexicans, but some chose to stay and lay down roots in newly sprouted communities in the valley. The county experienced a period of migration of "Okies" from drought-trodden dust bowl farms by the need of migrant labor, and prosperous job-seekers alike from across the U.S. arrived in the 1930s and 1940s, especially in World War II and after the completion of the All American Canal from its source, the Colorado River, from 1948 to 1951. By the 1950 census, over 50,000 residents lived in Imperial County alone, about 40 times that of 1910. Most of the population was year-round but would increase every winter by migrant laborers from Mexico. Until the 1960s, the farms in Imperial County provided substantial economic returns to the company and the valley. Currently, El Centro has one of the highest unemployment rates (above 30-34%) in the U.S. and ranks one of California's poorest counties or have a lower than state and national average annual household income.


Sites of interest[edit] Fort Yuma[edit] Fort Yuma is located on the banks of the Colorado River in Winterhaven, California. First established after the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848, it was originally located in the bottoms near the Colorado River, less than 1 mile (1.6 km) below the mouth of the Gila River. It was to defend the newly settled community of Yuma, Arizona on the other side of the Colorado River and the nearby Mexican border. In March 1851 the post was moved to a small elevation on the Colorado's west bank, opposite the present city of Yuma, Arizona, on the site of the former Mission Puerto de Purísima Concepción. This site had been occupied by Camp Calhoun, named for John C. Calhoun, established in 1849. Fort Yuma was established to protect the southern emigrant travel route to California and to attempt control of the Yuma Indians in the surrounding 100-mile (160 km) area.[9] Blue Angels[edit] Blue Angels NAF El Centro is the winter home of the U.S. Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron, The Blue Angels. NAF El Centro historically kicks off the Blue Angels' season with their first air show, traditionally held in March.[10] Imperial Valley Expo & fairgrounds[edit] Home to the California Mid-Winter Fair and Fiesta which is the local county fair, held in late February to early March and known throughout North America. It is also home to the Imperial Valley Speedway, a race track of 3⁄8 mile (600 m).[11] Algodones Sand Dunes[edit] The Algodones Dunes The name Algodones Dunes refers to the entire geographic feature, while the administrative designation for that portion managed by the Bureau of Land Management is the "Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area" (sometimes called the "Glamis Dunes"). The Algodones Sand Dunes are the largest mass of sand dunes in California. This dune system extends for more than 40 miles (60 km) along the eastern edge of the Imperial Valley agricultural region in a band averaging 5 miles (8 km) in width. A major east-west route of the Union Pacific railroad skirts the eastern edge. The dune system is divided into three areas. The northernmost area is known as Mammoth Wash. South of Mammoth Wash is the North Algodones Dunes Wilderness established by the 1994 California Desert Protection Act. This area is closed to motorized use and access is by hiking and horseback. The largest and most heavily used area begins at Highway 78 and continues south just past Interstate 8. The expansive dune formations offer picturesque scenery, a chance to view rare plants and animals, and a playground for ATV and off-roading enthusiasts. The dunes are also popular in film making and have been the site for movies such as Return of the Jedi.[12] Colorado River[edit] The Colorado River streams through the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 miles (2,330 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. The natural course of the river flows from north of Grand Lake, Colorado, into the Gulf of California. For many months out of the year, however, no water actually flows from the United States to the gulf, due to human use. The river is a popular destination for water sports, including fishing, boating, water skiing, and jet skiing.[13] Salvation Mountain[edit] Salvation Mountain (location 33°15′14.9″N 115°28′21.4″W / 33.254139°N 115.472611°W / 33.254139; -115.472611) is an artificial mountain north of Calipatria, California, near Slab City. It is made from adobe, straw, and thousands of gallons of paint. It was created by Leonard Knight to convey the message that "God Loves Everyone". Knight refused substantial donations of money and labor from supporters who wished to modify his message of universal love to favor or disfavor particular groups. Anza-Borrego Desert State Park[edit] Bighorn Sheep at Palm Canyon in Anza-Borrego State Park Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, portions of which are located in Imperial County, is the largest state park in California. 500 miles (800 km) of dirt roads and twelve wilderness areas and miles of hiking trails provide visitors with an unparalleled opportunity to experience the wonders of the Colorado Desert. The park is named after Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza and the Spanish name borrego, or bighorn sheep. The park features washes, wildflowers, palm groves, cacti and sweeping vistas. Visitors may also have the chance to see roadrunner, golden eagles, kit foxes, mule deer and bighorn sheep as well as iguanas, chuckwallas and the red diamond rattlesnake.[14] Fossil Canyon and Painted Gorge[edit] Located near Ocotillo, California in the Coyote Mountains, Fossil Canyon and the surrounding area is a great place for rock hounding and fossil hunting. The fossils here are not dinosaurs, but ancient shells, coral, and oysters from the Miocene epoch when the area was underwater.[15] The Painted Gorge, located on the eastern side of the Coyote Mountains, consists of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks. Heat and movement over time has created fantastic shapes and colors. Oranges, reds, purples, and mauves mixed with browns and blacks create a palette of color as the sun illuminates and plays shadows upon this geologic wonder.[15] Imperial NWR[edit] Mesquite point at Imperial NWR The Imperial National Wildlife Refuge protects wildlife habitat along 30 miles (50 km) of the lower Colorado River in Arizona and California, including the last un-channeled section before the river enters Mexico. The river and its associated backwater lakes and wetlands are a green oasis, contrasting with the surrounding desert mountains. It is a refuge and breeding area for migratory birds and local desert wildlife.[16] Sonny Bono Salton Sea NWR[edit] The Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge is located 40 miles (60 km) north of the Mexican border at the southern end of the Salton Sea in California’s Imperial Valley. Situated along the Pacific Flyway, the refuge is the only one of its kind, located 227 feet (69 m) below sea level. Because of its southern latitude, elevation, and location in the Colorado Desert, the refuge experiences some of the highest temperatures in the nation. Daily temperatures from May to October generally exceed 100 °F with temperatures of 116–120 °F recorded yearly.[17] Museum of History in Granite[edit] A unique attraction of the town of Felicity is the Museum of History in Granite. The museum exhibits granite monuments made from Missouri Red Granite. Each is 100 feet (30 m) long. Subjects include a Korean War Memorial, History of Arizona, The Wall for the Ages and the eight monument History of Humanity. The History of the United States of America Dedication is on Washington's Birthday 2014. The History of California is being edited.[18] Smaller monuments include the Felicity Stone (sm), a Rosetta Stone for the future located at the center of the History of Humanity monuments. The Museum of History in Granite is a candidate as a World Heritage Site.[19] In 2016 this museum will dedicate a granite monument for the History of California.


Geography[edit] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,482 square miles (11,610 km2), of which 4,177 square miles (10,820 km2) is land and 305 square miles (790 km2) (6.8%) is water.[20] Much of Imperial County is below sea level. Imperial County is roughly twice the size in total square miles as the State of Delaware. The county is in the Colorado Desert, an extension of the larger Sonoran Desert. The Colorado River forms the county's eastern boundary. Two notable geographic features are found in the county, the Salton Sea, at 235 feet (72 m) below sea level, and the Algodones Dunes, one of the largest dune fields in America.[21] The Chocolate Mountains are located east of the Salton Sea, and extend in a northwest-southeast direction [21] for approximately 60 miles (97 km). In this region, the geology is dominated by the transition of the tectonic plate boundary from rift to fault. The southernmost strands of the San Andreas Fault connect the northernmost extensions of the East Pacific Rise. Consequently, the region is subject to earthquakes, and the crust is being stretched, resulting in a sinking of the terrain over time. Related to the active geology are some interesting hydrothermal features. National protected areas[edit] Cibola National Wildlife Refuge (part) Imperial National Wildlife Refuge (part) Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge


Demographics[edit] 2011[edit] Population, race, and income Total population[22] 171,343   White[22] 115,496 67.4%   Black or African American[22] 5,985 3.5%   American Indian or Alaska Native[22] 3,020 1.8%   Asian[22] 2,757 1.6%   Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander[22] 83 0.0%   Some other race[22] 38,604 22.5%   Two or more races[22] 5,398 3.2%  Hispanic or Latino (of any race)[23] 136,376 79.6% Per capita income[24] $16,593 Median household income[25] $39,402 Median family income[26] $43,769 Places by population, race, and income[edit] Places by population and race Place Type[27] Population[22] White[22] Other[22] [note 1] Asian[22] Black or African American[22] Native American[22] [note 2] Hispanic or Latino (of any race)[23] Bombay Beach CDP 459 69.7% 0.0% 0.0% 30.3% 0.0% 0.0% Brawley City 26,645 78.0% 16.2% 0.9% 4.2% 0.7% 80.1% Calexico City 40,378 64.4% 34.1% 1.0% 0.2% 0.3% 96.4% Calipatria City 7,292 66.8% 21.1% 1.5% 9.0% 1.7% 75.5% Desert Shores CDP 1,104 94.4% 5.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 86.3% El Centro City 44,206 65.1% 28.6% 2.6% 3.1% 0.7% 79.6% Heber CDP 6,008 57.7% 39.0% 0.0% 0.0% 3.2% 98.6% Holtville City 6,088 68.0% 29.0% 1.0% 0.4% 1.6% 80.5% Imperial City 18,206 76.4% 17.5% 2.3% 2.4% 1.4% 76.1% Niland CDP 1,112 86.7% 8.7% 0.0% 1.2% 3.4% 61.7% Ocotillo CDP 253 98.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.2% 7.1% Palo Verde CDP 171 27.0% 0.0% 73.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% Salton City CDP 3,768 77.2% 20.0% 0.0% 2.8% 0.0% 47.9% Salton Sea Beach CDP 598 63.0% 10.2% 1.8% 0.0% 24.9% 53.8% Seeley CDP 1,683 79.8% 17.8% 0.0% 2.4% 0.0% 79.1% Westmorland City 2,714 90.7% 6.2% 0.0% 1.1% 2.0% 87.9% Winterhaven CDP 493 50.9% 5.9% 10.8% 0.0% 32.5% 81.5% Places by population and income Place Type[27] Population[28] Per capita income[24] Median household income[25] Median family income[26] Bombay Beach CDP 459 $12,439 $19,375 $24,063 Brawley City 26,645 $17,709 $36,233 $43,328 Calexico City 40,378 $14,317 $35,988 $39,129 Calipatria City 7,292 $11,559 $35,030 $37,381 Desert Shores CDP 1,104 $11,610 $29,345 $29,732 El Centro City 44,206 $18,273 $38,297 $42,417 Heber CDP 6,008 $13,540 $45,044 $44,444 Holtville City 6,088 $20,749 $40,712 $42,188 Imperial City 18,017 $21,378 $57,152 $57,548 Niland CDP 1,112 $9,750 $14,883 $15,170 Ocotillo CDP 253 $15,254 $17,734 $20,625 Palo Verde CDP 171 $44,003 $59,676 [29] Salton City CDP 3,768 $16,887 $32,925 $34,792 Salton Sea Beach CDP 598 $17,791 $27,375 $57,159 Seeley CDP 1,683 $14,126 $33,977 $44,063 Westmorland City 2,714 $13,179 $28,375 $30,804 Winterhaven CDP 493 $9,207 $35,074 $35,441 2010[edit] Historical population Census Pop. %± 1910 12,591 — 1920 43,453 245.1% 1930 60,903 40.2% 1940 55,740 −8.5% 1950 61,175 9.8% 1960 71,105 16.2% 1970 74,492 4.8% 1980 93,110 25.0% 1990 109,303 17.4% 2000 143,361 31.2% 2010 174,528 21.7% Est. 2016 182,883 [3] 4.8% U.S. Decennial Census[30] 1790–1960[31] 1900–1990[32] 1990–2000[33] 2010–2015[2] The 2010 United States Census reported that Imperial County had a population of 174,528. The racial makeup of Imperial County was 102,553 (58.8%) White, 5,773 (3.3%) African American, 3,059 (1.8%) Native American, 2,843 (1.6%) Asian, 165 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 52,413 (30.0%) from other races, and 7,722 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 140,271 persons (80.4%).[34] Population reported at 2010 United States Census The County Total Population White African American Native American Asian Pacific Islander other races two or more races Hispanic or Latino (of any race) Imperial County 174,528 102,553 5,773 3,059 2,843 165 52,413 7,722 140,271 Incorporated city Total Population White African American Native American Asian Pacific Islander other races two or more races Hispanic or Latino (of any race) Brawley 24,953 13,570 510 241 349 32 9,258 993 20,344 Calexico 38,572 23,150 134 204 504 21 12,920 1,639 37,354 Calipatria 7,705 3,212 1,612 79 95 25 2,455 227 4,940 El Centro 42,598 25,376 1,081 554 965 34 12,356 2,232 34,751 Holtville 5,939 3,655 37 41 50 4 1,977 175 4,858 Imperial 14,758 9,298 331 154 370 13 3,783 809 11,046 Westmorland 2,225 1,038 21 38 11 0 1,042 75 1,938 Census-designated place Total Population White African American Native American Asian Pacific Islander other races two or more races Hispanic or Latino (of any race) Bombay Beach 295 223 37 8 1 0 22 4 59 Desert Shores 1,104 709 8 26 4 1 307 49 848 Heber 4,275 2,174 5 33 15 0 1,758 290 4,197 Niland 1,006 539 36 20 36 0 315 60 618 Ocotillo 266 242 1 1 2 0 17 3 61 Palo Verde 171 124 2 5 1 0 26 13 33 Salton City 3,763 2,260 80 61 61 5 1,159 137 2,368 Salton Sea Beach 422 309 6 4 2 2 82 17 229 Seeley 1,739 746 19 7 21 2 793 151 1,489 Winterhaven 394 245 4 37 1 0 84 23 261 Unincorporated communities Total Population White African American Native American Asian Pacific Islander other races two or more races Hispanic or Latino (of any race) All others not CDPs (combined) 24,343 15,683 1,849 1,546 355 26 4,059 825 14,877 2000[edit] As of the census[35] of 2000, there were 142,361 people, 39,384 households, and 31,467 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 43,891 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 49.4% White, 4.0% Black or African American, 1.9% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 39.1% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. 72.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 65.7% spoke Spanish at home, while 32.3% spoke only English. There were 39,384 households out of which 46.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.1% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.33 and the average family size was 3.77. In the county, the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 109.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.4 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,870, and the median income for a family was $35,226. Males had a median income of $32,775 versus $23,974 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,239. About 19.4% of families and 22.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over. Imperial County has the lowest per capita income of any county in Southern California and among the bottom five counties in the state. By 2006 the population had risen to 160,201, the population growth rate since the year 2000 was 30%, the highest in California and fifth highest in the United States in the time period. High levels of immigration, new residents search for affordable homes, and a search for retirement homes can explain the population increase.


Government[edit] The county is governed by the Imperial County Board of Supervisors, a five-member board elected by districts.[36] Supervisors serve four-year terms. Other elected county officials include the Assessor,[37] Auditor-Controller,[38] District Attorney,[39] County Clerk-Recorder,[40] Public Administrator,[41] Sheriff-Coroner,[42] and Treasurer-Tax Collector.[43] The county is run on a day-to-day basis by the County Executive Officer, who is currently Robin Hodgkin, on an interim basis. The county is advised as to legal matters by the County Counsel, who is currently Katherine K. Turner.[44][45]


Politics[edit] Voter registration statistics[edit] Population and registered voters Total population[22] 171,343   Registered voters[46][note 3] 60,690 35.4%     Democratic[46] 30,599 50.4%     Republican[46] 14,413 23.7%     Democratic–Republican spread[46] +16,186 +26.7%     Independent[46] 1,402 2.3%     Green[46] 141 0.2%     Libertarian[46] 215 0.4%     Peace and Freedom[46] 255 0.4%     Americans Elect[46] 8 0.0%     Other[46] 358 0.6%     No party preference[46] 13,299 21.9% Cities by population and voter registration[edit] Cities by population and voter registration City Population[22] Registered voters[46] [note 3] Democratic[46] Republican[46] D–R spread[46] Other[46] No party preference[46] Brawley 24,645 37.1% 50.5% 26.7% +23.8% 5.9% 19.1% Calexico 37,378 39.0% 61.8% 9.7% +52.1% 4.2% 25.6% Calipatria 7,292 16.0% 53.7% 18.7% +35.0% 6.5% 23.4% El Centro 42,141 38.1% 49.0% 25.6% +23.4% 6.0% 21.6% Holtville 5,908 35.3% 45.0% 28.4% +16.6% 8.2% 21.5% Imperial 14,017 40.9% 39.6% 32.4% +7.2% 7.9% 23.1% Westmorland 1,714 42.8% 56.0% 19.5% +36.5% 7.1% 20.0% Overview[edit] Imperial County vote by party in presidential elections[47] Year GOP DEM Others 2016 26.42% 12,704 67.93% 32,667 5.66% 2,720 2012 33.13% 12,777 65.18% 25,136 1.69% 652 2008 36.08% 14,008 62.24% 24,162 1.67% 650 2004 46.36% 15,890 52.41% 17,964 1.23% 420 2000 43.28% 12,524 53.53% 15,489 3.19% 924 1996 36.76% 9,705 55.27% 14,591 7.96% 2,104 1992 38.55% 9,759 43.88% 11,109 17.57% 4,450 1988 55.16% 12,889 43.84% 10,243 1.00% 233 1984 62.01% 13,829 36.94% 8,237 1.05% 235 1980 55.92% 12,068 36.89% 7,961 7.18% 1,550 1976 49.94% 10,618 48.18% 10,244 1.88% 400 1972 62.05% 14,178 34.93% 7,982 3.02% 689 1968 52.91% 10,818 36.59% 7,481 10.50% 2,147 1964 48.06% 10,330 51.85% 11,143 0.09% 19 1960 53.55% 10,606 46.04% 9,119 0.41% 81 1956 56.05% 10,526 43.65% 8,197 0.31% 58 1952 62.13% 11,044 37.24% 6,619 0.63% 112 1948 52.64% 6,217 44.89% 5,301 2.47% 292 1944 53.81% 5,979 45.76% 5,085 0.43% 48 1940 46.59% 6,854 52.53% 7,728 0.88% 130 1936 38.34% 4,771 60.75% 7,560 0.91% 113 1932 29.01% 3,783 67.28% 8,772 3.71% 484 1928 67.61% 5,417 31.03% 2,486 1.36% 109 1924 50.28% 3,455 11.04% 759 38.68% 2,658 1920 64.51% 4,699 27.76% 2,022 7.73% 563 1916 40.46% 2,694 49.15% 3,273 10.39% 692 1912 0.39% 13 38.46% 1,295 61.15% 2,059 1908 47.64% 909 35.38% 675 16.98% 324 Election results from statewide races Year Office Results 2010 Governor Brown 59.7 – 33.9% Lieutenant Governor Newsom 46.1 – 39.2% Secretary of State Bowen 56.1 – 32.8% Controller Chiang 57.5 – 30.5% Treasurer Lockyer 57.6 – 33.0% Attorney General Harris 48.9 – 41.4% Insurance Commissioner Jones 52.0 – 33.2% Previously strongly Republican, Imperial County is now a Democratic stronghold in presidential, congressional and local elections. The last Republican to win a majority in the county was George H. W. Bush in 1988. On November 4, 2008, Imperial County voted 69.7% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages, showing more support for the proposition than any other strongly Democratic county.[48][49] After Prop 8 was declared unconstitutional by a lower federal court, Imperial County continued to defend Proposition 8 in the federal judicial system.[50] However, on February 6, 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit denied Imperial County legal standing in the case Hollingsworth v. Perry.[51] Imperial County is in California's 51st congressional district, represented by Democrat Juan Vargas.[52] In the state legislature, the county is in the 56th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Eduardo Garcia,[53] and the 40th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ben Hueso.[54]


Crime[edit] The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense. Population and crime rates Population[22] 171,343 Violent crime[55] 590 3.44   Homicide[55] 3 0.02   Forcible rape[55] 18 0.11   Robbery[55] 99 0.58   Aggravated assault[55] 470 2.74 Property crime[55] 3,134 18.29   Burglary[55] 1,758 10.26   Larceny-theft[55][56] 2,944 17.18   Motor vehicle theft[55] 940 5.49 Arson[55] 44 0.26 Cities by population and crime rates[edit] Cities by population and crime rates City Population[57] Violent crimes[57] Violent crime rate per 1,000 persons Property crimes[57] Property crime rate per 1,000 persons Brawley 25,570 59 2.31 1,176 45.99 Calexico 39,527 108 2.73 1,538 38.91 El Centro 43,643 166 3.80 2,477 56.76 Holtville 6,088 11 1.81 98 16.10 Imperial 15,126 7 0.46 73 4.83 Westmorland 2,282 2 0.88 9 3.94


Economy[edit] Thousands of acres of prime farmland have transformed the desert into one of the most productive farming regions in California with an annual crop production of over $1 billion. Agriculture is the largest industry in Imperial County and accounts for 48% of all employment.[58] Although this region is a desert, with high temperatures and low average rainfall of three inches (75 mm) per year, the economy is heavily based on agriculture due to irrigation, which is supplied wholly from the Colorado River via the All-American Canal. A vast system of canals, check dams, and pipelines carry the water all over the valley, a system which forms the Imperial Irrigation District, or IID. The water distribution system includes over 1,400 miles (2,300 km) of canal and with 1,100 miles (1,800 km) of pipeline. The number of canal and pipeline branches number roughly over a hundred. Imported water and a long growing season allow two crop cycles each year, and the Imperial Valley is a major source of winter fruits and vegetables, cotton, and grain for U.S. and international markets. Alfalfa is another major crop produced in the Imperial Valley. The agricultural lands are served by a constructed agricultural drain system, which conveys surface runoff and subsurface drainage from fields to the Salton Sea, which is a designated repository for agricultural runoff.[59] El Centro is the commercial center of Imperial County. Fifty percent of the jobs in El Centro come from the service and retail sector.[58] A recent growth in the interest of Imperial County as a filming location, has spurred growth in servicing this industry.[58] Because of the county's desert environment and proximity to Los Angeles, California, movies are sometimes filmed in the sand dunes outside the agricultural portions of the county. These have included Return of the Jedi, Stargate, The Scorpion King, and Into the Wild. Additionally, portions of the 2005 film Jarhead were filmed here because of its similarity to the desert terrain of Iraq.[citation needed]


Renewable energy source[edit] Imperial Valley has become a hotbed of renewable energy projects, both solar and geothermal.[60] This is driven in part by California's mandate to generate 20% of its power from renewable sources by the end of 2010, the valley's excellent sun resources, the high unemployment, its proximity to large population centers on the coast, and large tracts of otherwise unusable desert land.[60] Much of the land suitable for green energy is owned by the federal government (Bureau of Land Management). As of April 2008, the BLM has received 163 applications to build renewable energy projects on 1,600,000 acres (6,500 km2) in California. Almost all of these are planned for the Imperial Valley and the desert region north of the valley.[60] Stirling Energy is currently building one of the world's largest solar thermal plants, 10 square miles (26 km2) with 38,000 "sun catchers," it will power up to 600,000 homes once it is fully operational by around 2015.[60] CalEnergy currently runs a geothermal plant that generates enough power for 300,000 homes and could tap into more for up to 2.5 million homes.[60]


Transportation[edit] State Route 86 north of Salton City Major highways[edit] Interstate 8 State Route 7 State Route 78 State Route 86 State Route 98 State Route 111 State Route 115 State Route 186 Imperial County is at the junction of one interstate, and three state highways. Radiating to the east and west are connections to the Arizona Sun Corridor and San Diego-Tijuana metropolitan area via Interstate 8, Blythe, and northern San Diego County via State Route 78, the Mexicali Valley via State Route 111, and the Coachella Valley, Inland Empire, and Los Angeles metropolitan area via State Route 86. Public transportation[edit] Imperial County is served by Greyhound Lines and Imperial Valley Transit buses. Through a partnership between Imperial County Transportation Commission (ICTC), the Yuma County Intergovernmental Public Transportation Authority (YCIPTA), and the Quechan Indian Tribe, Yuma County Area Transit buses serve portions of Imperial County and connects it to Yuma, Arizona.[61][62] Amtrak trains on the Sunset Limited route also travel through the county, but with no scheduled stops; the nearest stop is in Yuma, Arizona. Airports[edit] County owned[edit] Imperial County Airport, the county's main airport, is primarily a general aviation facility. It is located just north of El Centro, and has limited commercial flight service subsidized by the Essential Air Service program. Holtville Airport is a public use general aviation airport, owned by the county and located roughly 5 miles (8 km) east of Holtville. Municipal ownership[edit] Brawley Municipal Airport is a public use general aviation airport, owned by and located in Brawley. Calexico Airport is a public use general aviation field, owned by and located in Calexico. It is located 15 miles (24 km) south of Interstate 8 on State Route 111. It used in part to service maquiladora factories in nearby Mexicali. Cliff Hatfield Memorial Airport is a public use general aviation airport, owned by and located in Calipatria. Privately owned[edit] Salton Sea Airport is a public use general aviation airport located in Salton City. Douthitt Strip Airport is a private use facility in El Centro. It was formerly a military airfield. Military[edit] Naval Air Facility El Centro is a U.S. Navy airfield in El Centro


Communities[edit] Cities[edit] Brawley Calexico Calipatria El Centro (county seat) Holtville Imperial Westmorland Census-designated places[edit] Bombay Beach Desert Shores Heber Niland Ocotillo Palo Verde Salton Sea Beach Salton City Seeley Winterhaven Unincorporated communities[edit] Acolita Alamorio Amos Andrade Anza Araz Junction Bard Bertram Bonds Corner Cactus Citrus View Clyde Coolidge Springs Coyote Wells Curlew Date City Dixieland Dunes Edgar Elmore Desert Ranch Estelle Felicity Fondo Frink Fuller Glamis Hovley Imperial Gables Iris Kane Spring Meloland Mesquite Moss Mount Signal Mundo Obregon Orita Paymaster Landing Picacho Plaster City Pope Rico Rockwood Ruthven Sandia Slab City Tortuga Truckhaven Verdant Wiest Wilsie Wister Population ranking[edit] The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Imperial County.[63] † county seat Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census) 1 † El Centro City 42,598 2 Calexico City 38,572 3 Brawley City 24,953 4 Imperial City 14,758 5 Calipatria City 7,705 6 Holtville City 5,939 7 Torres-Martinez Reservation[64] AIAN 5,594 8 Heber CDP 4,275 9 Salton City CDP 3,763 10 Westmorland City 2,225 11 Fort Yuma Indian Reservation[65] (partially in Yuma County, AZ) AIAN 2,189 12 Seeley CDP 1,739 13 Desert Shores CDP 1,104 14 Niland CDP 1,006 15 Salton Sea Beach CDP 422 16 Winterhaven CDP 394 17 Bombay Beach CDP 295 18 Ocotillo CDP 266 19 Palo Verde CDP 171 Area codes[edit] Main article: List of California area codes 442/760 – Covers all of the El Centro metropolitan area as well as Palm Springs, Oceanside, Bishop, Ridgecrest, Barstow, and Needles; northern San Diego County; and southeastern California, including much of the Mojave Desert and the Owens Valley. Area code 760 split from area code 619 on March 22, 1997 and was overlaid with area code 442 in 2009.


In popular culture[edit] Scenes for the 2006 film Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan were filmed in Imperial County, but were not used in the finished film. The majority of Jarhead and The Salton Sea was filmed in the Imperial Valley. Scenes from Top Gun were filmed at Naval Air Facility El Centro Part of the film Independence Day takes place in the Imperial Valley. Indie rock group Calexico glean their name from the Imperial Valley border town that adjoins Mexicali, Baja California of Mexico. Imperial, by William T. Vollmann, published July 30, 2009, documents the history and culture of Imperial County, California. A companion volume of photographs was published August 18, 2009. The film American Sniper was filmed in El Centro, CA in the fall of 2014.


See also[edit] National Register of Historic Places listings in Imperial County, California Southern Border Region (California) Walters Camp


Notes[edit] ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.


References[edit] ^ "Blue Angels Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved February 23, 2015.  ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 4, 2016.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Labor Force Data by County, 2016 Annual Averages". U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved 2017-09-08.  ^ "De Anza Trail". Solideas.com. Retrieved 2009-08-03.  ^ "Tour Imperial Valley". CaliforniaResortLife. Retrieved 2015-12-15.  ^ "Fort Yuma". Militarymuseum.org. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  ^ "Blue Angels Official Website". Blueangels.navy.mil. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  ^ "Imperial Valley Expo". Ivexpo.com. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  ^ "Algodones Sand Dunes". Retrieved 2009-08-05.  ^ "Things to Do in Yuma". Archived from the original on July 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  ^ "Tour Imperial Valley". CaliforniaResortLife. Retrieved 2015-12-15.  ^ a b "Fossil Canyon and Painted Gorge". Retrieved 2009-08-05.  ^ "Imperial NWR". Archived from the original on June 12, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-04.  ^ "Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 2009-08-04.  ^ Board of Trustees, Museum of History in Granite ^ Senate of Arizona Proclamation 10 April 2013 ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2015.  ^ a b "Imperial County". Retrieved 2009-08-03.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-10-26. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-10-26. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-10-21. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-10-21. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-10-21. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-10-21. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-10-21. ^ Data unavailable ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015.  ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2015.  ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2015.  ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved September 26, 2015.  ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.  ^ "Board of Supervisors". Co.imperial.ca.us. Retrieved 17 November 2013.  ^ [2][dead link] ^ [3][dead link] ^ "Home". Co.imperial.ca.us. Retrieved November 7, 2017.  ^ website, Designed by Leonel Ibarra for The County of Imperial based on ca.gov. "Imperial County Clerk / Recorder Department". Co.imperial.ca.us. Retrieved November 7, 2017.  ^ "Public AdministratorArea Agency on Aging". Public Administrator Area Agency on Aging. Retrieved November 7, 2017.  ^ "Imperial County Sheriffs's Office". Icso.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.  ^ "County of Imperial - TC - TR". Co.imperial.ca.us. Retrieved November 7, 2017.  ^ "County Counsel - County of Imperial". Co.imperial.ca.us. Retrieved November 7, 2017.  ^ "Board selects first woman to County Counsel". Retrieved November 7, 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-10-31. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.  ^ "Proposition 8 Map – November 4, 2008, General Election – California Secretary of State". Sos.ca.gov. Retrieved 2009-08-17.  ^ "Registration by County". Sos.ca.gov. Retrieved 2009-08-17.  ^ Fagan, Kevin (2010-08-26). "Imperial County steps up to defend Prop. 8". The San Francisco Chronicle.  ^ Denniston, Lyle (February 6, 2012). "Prop. 8: Final ruling due". SCOTUSblog. Retrieved 18 June 2013.  ^ "California's 51st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved April 7, 2013.  ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 7, 2013.  ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 7, 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2013-11-14. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14. ^ a b c "El Centro Chamber of Commerce". Archived from the original on November 3, 2010. Retrieved August 3, 2009.  ^ "IID". Archived from the original on June 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-03.  ^ a b c d e "Calif. Desert Becomes Home For Renewable Energy", Rob Schmitz, Morning Edition, April 3, 2009, NPR ^ "Route connects El Centro, Yuma". schurz-ivpressonline. Retrieved 2016-12-18.  ^ "ICTC/YCIPTA/Quechan Transit Services" (PDF). Imperialctc.org. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 21, 2013. Retrieved February 10, 2013.  ^ [4][dead link] ^ [5][dead link]


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Imperial County, California. Geographic data related to Imperial County, California at OpenStreetMap Imperial Irrigation District Imperial Valley Economic Development Corporation Statistical profile of Imperial County, California Places adjacent to Imperial County, California Riverside County La Paz County, Arizona San Diego County Imperial County, California Tecate, Baja California, Mexico Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico Yuma County, Arizona v t e Municipalities and communities of Imperial County, California, United States County seat: El Centro Cities Brawley Calexico Calipatria El Centro Holtville Imperial Westmorland CDPs Bombay Beach Desert Shores Heber Niland Ocotillo Palo Verde Salton City Salton Sea Beach Seeley Winterhaven Unincorporated communities Acolita Alamorio Amos Andrade Anza Araz Junction Bard Bertram Bonds Corner Boulder Park Cactus Citrus View Clyde Coolidge Springs Coyote Wells Curlew Date City Dixieland Dunes Edgar Elmore Desert Ranch Estelle Felicity Fondo Frink Fuller Glamis Gordons Well Hovley Imperial Gables Iris Kane Spring Meloland Mesquite Moss Mount Signal Mundo Munyon Obregon Orita Paymaster Landing Perrys Corner Picacho Plaster City Pope Rico Rockwood Ross Corner Ruthven Sandia Slab City Tortuga Truckhaven Verdant Watermans Corner Wiest Wilsie Wister Indian reservations Fort Yuma Indian Reservation Torres-Martinez Indian Reservation Ghost towns Araz Barnes Bernice Bradtmoore Butlers California Camp Camp Gaston Carrizo Creek Station Colorado Concepcíon Eastside Gleason Hazelwood Hedges Highline Indian Wells Jaeger City Keystone Laguna Laparra Lano Mayflower Mobile No Mirage Ogilby Paringa Picacho Basin Pilot Knob Station Potholes Sackett's Wells Sellew Shamrock Silsbee Squeaky Springs Tumco v t e Southern Border Region Counties San Diego Imperial Global city 1.3 million San Diego Major cities 100k-250k Chula Vista Oceanside Escondido Carlsbad Cities and towns 25k-100k El Cajon El Centro Encinitas Calexico Fallbrook Imperial Beach La Mesa La Presa National City Poway San Marcos Santee Spring Valley Vista Cities and towns under 25k Alpine Bombay Beach Bonita Bonsall Borrego Springs Bostonia Boulevard Brawley Casa de Oro-Mount Helix Calipatria Campo Camp Pendleton North Camp Pendleton South Coronado Crest Del Mar Descanso Desert Shores Fairbanks Ranch Harbison Canyon Heber Hidden Meadows Holtville Imperial Jacumba Hot Springs Jamul Julian Lakeside Lake San Marcos Lemon Grove Mount Laguna Niland Ocotillo Palo Verde Pine Valley Potrero Rainbow Ramona Rancho San Diego Rancho Santa Fe Salton City Salton Sea Beach San Diego Country Estates Seeley Solana Beach Valley Center Westmorland Winter Gardens Winterhaven Bodies of water Alamo River Agua Hedionda Lagoon Batiquitos Lagoon Buena Vista Lagoon Colorado River Mission Bay New River Salton Sea San Diego Bay San Diego River San Elijo Lagoon San Luis Rey River Santa Margarita River Sweetwater River Otay River Tijuana River (Tijuana River Estuary) Landforms Algodones Dunes Black Hills Black Mountain Blue Angels Peak Buena Vista Hills Cargo Muchacho Mountains (Pilot Knob) Chocolate Mountains Colorado Desert Cowles Mountain Coyote Mountain Coyote Mountains Cuyamaca Peak Double Peak Fish Creek Mountains Fletcher Hills Grapevine Hills Hot Springs Mountain In-Ko-Pah Mountains Jacumba Mountains Jamul Mountains Laguna Mountains Lake Cahuilla Little Mule Mountains Margarita Peak Merriam Mountains Mount Soledad Mud Caves North Pinyon Mountains Oakzanita Peak Oat Hills Palo Verde Mountains Palomar Mountain Palomar Mountain Range Pine Hills Pinyon Mountains Salton Buttes San Felipe Hills San Marcos Mountains San Ysidro Mountains Santa Ana Mountains Santa Margarita Mountains Santa Rosa Mountains Sawtooth Mountains Sawtooth Range Superstition Hills Tierra Blanca Mountains Vallecito Mountains Viejas Mountain Volcanic Hills Yuha Buttes Yuha Desert Regions North County Borrego South Bay East County San Diego Imperial Valley Southern Border Region v t e  State of California Sacramento (capital) 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Imperial_County,_California - Photos and All Basic Informations

Imperial_County,_California More Links

Imperial CountCounty (United States)Imperial Valley (California)Salton SeaFlag Of Imperial County, CaliforniaOfficial Seal Of Imperial County, CaliforniaLocation In The U.S. State Of CaliforniaCalifornia's Location In The United StatesUnited StatesList Of Sovereign StatesU.S. StateCaliforniaList Of Regions Of CaliforniaImperial Valley (California)Municipal CorporationNamesakeImperial ValleyImperial Land CompanyCounty SeatEl Centro, California2010 United States CensusTime ZonePacific Time ZoneUTC−8Daylight Saving TimePacific Daylight TimeUTC−7North American Numbering PlanArea Codes 442 And 760Federal Information Processing StandardGeographic Names Information SystemCounty (United States)U.S. StateCalifornia2010 United States CensusCounty SeatEl Centro, CaliforniaMetropolitan Statistical AreaSouthern CaliforniaSan Diego–Imperial (California)Imperial ValleyArizonaMexicoIrrigationColorado RiverAll-American CanalMexican AmericanAsian AmericansAfrican AmericansNative Americans In The United StatesWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalEnlargeSpanish PeopleMelchor DíazEuropeJuan Bautista De AnzaMexican-American WarMexicaliEnglish AmericanSalton SinkSalton SeaSan Diego County, CaliforniaImperial Land CompanyCalifornia Development CompanyBaja CaliforniaMexican RevolutionOkiesDust BowlWorld War IIAll American CanalColorado RiverFort YumaColorado RiverWinterhaven, CaliforniaMexican-American WarGila RiverYuma, ArizonaMexicoMission Puerto De Purísima ConcepciónJohn C. CalhounYuma IndiansEnlargeNAF El CentroBlue AngelsEnlargeAlgodones DunesBureau Of Land ManagementImperial ValleyCalifornia State Route 78Interstate 8All Terrain VehicleReturn Of The JediColorado RiverRocky MountainsGulf Of CaliforniaSalvation MountainCalipatria, CaliforniaSlab CityLeonard KnightEnlargeAnza-Borrego Desert State ParkCaliforniaColorado DesertJuan Bautista De AnzaBighorn SheepCactusGeococcyxGolden EagleKit FoxMule DeerIguanasChuckwallasRattlesnakeOcotillo, CaliforniaCoyote MountainsFossilSeashellCoralOystersMioceneSedimentaryMetamorphic RocksIgneous RocksHeatEnlargeImperial National Wildlife RefugeColorado RiverArizonaCaliforniaMexicoSonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife RefugeMexicoSalton SeaImperial ValleyPacific FlywayColorado DesertMuseum Of History In GraniteU.S. Census BureauColorado DesertSonoran DesertColorado RiverSalton SeaAlgodones DunesChocolate MountainsSalton SeaGeologyTectonic PlateRiftFault (geology)San Andreas FaultEast Pacific RiseEarthquakesCibola National Wildlife RefugeImperial National Wildlife RefugeSonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife RefugeBombay Beach, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceBrawley, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaCalexico, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaCalipatria, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaDesert Shores, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceEl Centro, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaHeber, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceHoltville, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaImperial, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaNiland, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceOcotillo, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlacePalo Verde, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceSalton City, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceSalton Sea Beach, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceSeeley, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceWestmorland, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaWinterhaven, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceBombay Beach, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceBrawley, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaCalexico, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaCalipatria, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaDesert Shores, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceEl Centro, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaHeber, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceHoltville, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaImperial, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaNiland, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceOcotillo, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlacePalo Verde, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceSalton City, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceSalton Sea Beach, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceSeeley, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceWestmorland, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaWinterhaven, CaliforniaCensus-designated Place1910 United States Census1920 United States Census1930 United States Census1940 United States Census1950 United States Census1960 United States Census1970 United States Census1980 United States Census1990 United States Census2000 United States Census2010 United States Census2010 United States CensusWhite (U.S. Census)African American (U.S. Census)Native American (U.S. Census)Asian (U.S. Census)Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)Race (United States Census)Hispanic (U.S. Census)Latino (U.S. Census)2010 United States CensusWhite (U.S. Census)African American (U.S. Census)Native American (U.S. Census)Asian (U.S. Census)Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)Race (United States Census)Hispanic (U.S. Census)Latino (U.S. Census)Incorporated CityWhite (U.S. Census)African American (U.S. Census)Native American (U.S. Census)Asian (U.S. Census)Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)Race (United States Census)Hispanic (U.S. Census)Latino (U.S. Census)Brawley, CaliforniaCalexico, CaliforniaCalipatria, CaliforniaEl Centro, CaliforniaHoltville, CaliforniaImperial, CaliforniaWestmorland, CaliforniaCensus-designated PlaceWhite (U.S. Census)African American (U.S. Census)Native American (U.S. Census)Asian (U.S. Census)Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)Race (United States Census)Hispanic (U.S. Census)Latino (U.S. Census)Bombay Beach, CaliforniaDesert Shores, CaliforniaHeber, CaliforniaNiland, CaliforniaOcotillo, CaliforniaPalo Verde, CaliforniaSalton City, CaliforniaSalton Sea Beach, CaliforniaSeeley, CaliforniaWinterhaven, CaliforniaUnincorporated AreaWhite (U.S. Census)African American (U.S. Census)Native American (U.S. Census)Asian (U.S. Census)Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)Race (United States Census)Hispanic (U.S. Census)Latino (U.S. Census)CensusPopulation DensityRace (United States Census)Race (United States Census)Race (United States Census)Race (United States Census)Race (United States Census)Race (United States Census)Race (United States Census)Race (United States Census)Race (United States Census)Spanish LanguageEnglish LanguageMarriagePer Capita IncomePoverty LineSouthern CaliforniaBrawley, CaliforniaCalexico, CaliforniaCalipatria, CaliforniaEl Centro, 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RiverAgua Hedionda LagoonBatiquitos LagoonBuena Vista LagoonColorado RiverMission Bay, San Diego, CaliforniaNew River (California)Salton SeaSan Diego BaySan Diego RiverSan Elijo LagoonSan Luis Rey RiverSanta Margarita RiverSweetwater River (California)Otay RiverTijuana RiverTijuana River EstuaryAlgodones DunesBlack Hills (Imperial County)Black Mountain (San Diego County, California)Blue Angels PeakBuena Vista Hills (San Diego County)Cargo Muchacho MountainsPilot Knob (Imperial County, California)Chocolate MountainsColorado DesertCowles MountainCoyote Mountain (California)Coyote MountainsCuyamaca PeakDouble Peak (San Diego County, California)Fish Creek Mountains (California)Fletcher HillsGrapevine HillsHot Springs MountainIn-Ko-Pah MountainsJacumba MountainsJamul MountainsLaguna MountainsLake CahuillaLittle Mule MountainsMargarita PeakMerriam MountainsMount SoledadMud CavesNorth Pinyon MountainsOakzanita PeakOat Hills (San Diego County)Palo Verde MountainsPalomar MountainPalomar 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