Contents 1 Food safety 2 ISO 22000 standard 3 ISO 9001 vs ISO 22000 4 Potential justification 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links


Food safety[edit] Food safety is linked to the presence of food-borne hazards in food at the point of consumption. Since food safety hazards can occur at any stage in the food chain it is essential that adequate control be in place. Therefore, a combined effort of all parties through the food chain is required.


ISO 22000 standard[edit] The ISO 22000 international standard specifies the requirements for a food safety management system that involves the following elements: interactive communication system management prerequisite programs HACCP principles Critical reviews of the above elements have been conducted by many scientists.[1][2][3][4] Communication along the food chain is essential to ensure that all relevant food safety hazards are identified and adequately controlled at each step within the food chain. This implies communication between organizations both upstream and downstream in the food chain. Communication with customers and suppliers about identified hazards and control measures will assist in clarifying customer and supplier requirements. Recognition of the organization's role and position within the food chain is essential to ensure effective interactive communication throughout the chain in order to deliver safe food products to the final consumer. The most effective food safety systems are established, operated and updated within the framework of a structured management system and incorporated into the overall management activities of the organization. This provides maximum benefit for the organization and interested parties. ISO 22000 has been aligned with ISO 9001 in order to enhance the compatibility of the two standards. ISO 22000 can be applied independently of other management system standards or integrated with existing management system requirements. ISO 22000 integrates the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system and application steps developed by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. By means of auditable requirements, it combines the HACCP plan with prerequisite programmes. Hazard analysis is the key to an effective food safety management system, since conducting a hazard analysis assists in organizing the knowledge required to establish an effective combination of control measures. ISO 22000 requires that all hazards that may be reasonably expected to occur in the food chain, including hazards that may be associated with the type of process and facilities used, are identified and assessed. Thus it provides the means to determine and document why certain identified hazards need to be controlled by a particular organization and why others need not. During hazard analysis, the organization determines the strategy to be used to ensure hazard control by combining the prerequisite programmes and the HACCP plan. ISO is developing additional standards that are related to ISO 22000. These standards will be known as the ISO 22000 family of standards. At the present time, the following standards will make up the ISO 22000 family of standards: ISO 22000 - Food safety management systems - Requirements for any organization in the food chain. ISO 22001 - Guidelines on the application of ISO 9001:2000 for the food and drink industry (replaces: ISO 15161:2001). ISO/TS 22002- Prerequisite programmes on food safety—Part 1: Food manufacturing; Part 2: Catering; Part 3: Farming; Part 4: Food packaging manufacturing; Part 6: Feed and animal food production ISO TS 22003 - Food safety management systems for bodies providing audit and certification of food safety management systems. ISO TS 22004 - Food safety management systems - Guidance on the application of ISO 22000:2005. ISO 22005 - Traceability in the feed and food chain - General principles and basic requirements for system design and implementation. ISO 22006 - Quality management systems - Guidance on the application of ISO 9002:2000 for crop production. ISO 22000 is also used as a basis for the Food Safety Systems Certification (FSSC) Scheme FSSC 22000. FSSC 22000 is a Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) approved scheme.


ISO 9001 vs ISO 22000[edit] In comparison with ISO 9001, the standard is a more procedural orientated guidance than a principle based one. Apart from that, ISO 22000 is an industrial-specific risk management system for any type of food processing and marketing, which can be closely incorporated with the quality management system of ISO 9001. The detailed similarities and differences of the two standards can be found elsewhere [5], [6], [7],.[8]


Potential justification[edit] In 2004, European Office of Crafts, Trades and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises for Standardisation addressed that the standard is only suitable for large sized companies and small food businesses will not be able to seek such a high standard due to the lack of resources to pursue the certification. The agency suggests to create an alternative for small food business to achieve the same objective.[9] EFSA is now making their efforts on the food legislations that are adaptable for the SMEs in food supply chains.[10] A few critics also proposed that organizations which seek the standard certification should also do the same to the ISO 14001 along with the ISO 9001, as they consider that large amounts of risks are mainly from the primary production in the supply chains rather than the later stages of food processing [11], [12]


See also[edit] List of ISO standards


References[edit] ^ Klaas Wenztel, Richard Jackson of Zimbabwe. "ISO 22000: Requirements for Food Safety Management Systems". Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ Hiroshi, Ogawa. "Sterilization and sanitation technologies in the latest food manufacture processes, Total food safety management by ISO 22000 "food safety management system"". Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ Mijanović Markuš, Marina (May 2006). "ISOC 22000:2005 and HACCP" (PDF). Festival kvaliteta 2006. Asocijacija za kvalitet i standardizaciju Srbije. Retrieved 17 October 2010.  ^ Prati, R; Deborah A. McIntyre (2004). "The new ISO 22000 (final proposal) norm on food safety management". Ingredienti Alimentari. Chiriotti Editori Spa. 3 (4): 19–21.  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ Surak, John G. "Comparison of ISO 9001 and ISO 22000" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ Faergemand, Jacob; Dorte Jespersen. "ISO 22000 to ensure integrity of food supply chain" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ Frost, Roger. "ISO 22000 is first in family of food safety management system standards" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ Goichiro, Yukawa. "The points of ISO 22000". Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ European Office of Crafts, Trades and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises for Standardisation (2004). "Normapme Food Group Position on TC 34 draft standard ISO 22000" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ NORMAPME (2007). "Promoting craft and SMEs in the area of European standardisation" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.  ^ Dias Report (2003). "Life Cycle Assessment in the Agri-food sector" (PDF). Retrieved 29 February 2008.  ^ URS/PK Project Report (2007). "Training Courses on International Standards and Regulations for the Food Industry" (PDF). Retrieved 29 February 2008. 


Further reading[edit] Surak, John G. "A Recipe for Safe Food: ISO 22000 and HACCP". Quality Progress. October 2007. pp. 21–27.


External links[edit] ISO 22000 at ISO Introduction to ISO 22000 (Food Safety Management System) and its benefits v t e ISO standards by standard number List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards 1–9999 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31 -0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639 -1 -2 -3 -5 -6 646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166 -1 -2 -3 3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995 10000–19999 10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303 -11 -21 -22 -28 -238 10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211 -1 -2 13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496 -2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20 14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444 -3 15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706 -2 15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600:2014 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831 20000+ 20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 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