Contents 1 Introduction 2 Characters 3 The parts of ISO/IEC 8859 3.1 Table 4 Relationship to Unicode and the UCS 5 Development status 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References


Introduction[edit] While the bit patterns of the 95 printable ASCII characters are sufficient to exchange information in modern English, most other languages that use Latin alphabets need additional symbols not covered by ASCII. ISO/IEC 8859 sought to remedy this problem by utilizing the eighth bit in an 8-bit byte to allow positions for another 96 printable characters. Early encodings were limited to 7 bits because of restrictions of some data transmission protocols, and partially for historical reasons. However, more characters were needed than could fit in a single 8-bit character encoding, so several mappings were developed, including at least ten suitable for various Latin alphabets. The ISO/IEC 8859-n encodings only contain printable characters, and were designed to be used in conjunction with control characters mapped to the unassigned bytes. To this end a series of encodings registered with the IANA add the C0 control set (control characters mapped to bytes 0 to 31) from ISO 646 and the C1 control set (control characters mapped to bytes 128 to 159) from ISO 6429, resulting in full 8-bit character maps with most, if not all, bytes assigned. These sets have ISO-8859-n as their preferred MIME name or, in cases where a preferred MIME name is not specified, their canonical name. Many people use the terms ISO/IEC 8859-n and ISO-8859-n interchangeably. ISO/IEC 8859-11 did not get such a charset assigned, presumably because it was almost identical to TIS 620.


Characters[edit] The ISO/IEC 8859 standard is designed for reliable information exchange, not typography; the standard omits symbols needed for high-quality typography, such as optional ligatures, curly quotation marks, dashes, etc. As a result, high-quality typesetting systems often use proprietary or idiosyncratic extensions on top of the ASCII and ISO/IEC 8859 standards, or use Unicode instead. As a rule of thumb, if a character or symbol was not already part of a widely used data-processing character set and was also not usually provided on typewriter keyboards for a national language, it did not get in. Hence the directional double quotation marks « and » used for some European languages were included, but not the directional double quotation marks “ and ” used for English and some other languages. French did not get its œ and Œ ligatures because they could be typed as 'oe'. Likewise, Ÿ, needed for all-caps text, was dropped as well.[1][2][3] Albeit under different codepoints, these three characters were later reintroduced with ISO/IEC 8859-15 in 1999, which also introduced the new euro sign character €. Likewise Dutch did not get the ij and IJ letters, because Dutch speakers had become used to typing these as two letters instead. Romanian did not initially get its Ș/ș and Ț/ț (with comma) letters, because these letters were initially unified with Ş/ş and Ţ/ţ (with cedilla) by the Unicode Consortium, considering the shapes with comma beneath to be glyph variants of the shapes with cedilla. However, the letters with explicit comma below were later added to the Unicode standard and are also in ISO/IEC 8859-16. Most of the ISO/IEC 8859 encodings provide diacritic marks required for various European languages using the Latin script. Others provide non-Latin alphabets: Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Arabic and Thai. Most of the encodings contain only spacing characters although the Thai, Hebrew, and Arabic ones do also contain combining characters. However, the standard makes no provision for the scripts of East Asian languages (CJK), as their ideographic writing systems require many thousands of code points. Although it uses Latin based characters, Vietnamese does not fit into 96 positions (without using combining diacritics) either. Each Japanese syllabic alphabet (hiragana or katakana, see Kana) would fit, but like several other alphabets of the world they are not encoded in the ISO/IEC 8859 system.


The parts of ISO/IEC 8859[edit] ISO/IEC 8859 is divided into the following parts: Part Name Revisions Description Part 1 Latin-1 Western European 1987, 1998 Perhaps the most widely used part of ISO/IEC 8859, covering most Western European languages: Danish (partial),[nb 1] Dutch (partial),[nb 2] English, Faeroese, Finnish (partial),[nb 3] French (partial),[nb 3] German, Icelandic, Irish, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Rhaeto-Romanic, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Catalan, and Swedish. Languages from other parts of the world are also covered, including: Eastern European Albanian, Southeast Asian Indonesian, as well as the African languages Afrikaans and Swahili. The missing euro sign and capital Ÿ are in the revised version ISO/IEC 8859-15 (see below). The corresponding IANA character set is ISO-8859-1. Part 2 Latin-2 Central European 1987, 1999 Supports those Central and Eastern European languages that use the Latin alphabet, including Bosnian, Polish, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian, and Hungarian. The missing euro sign can be found in version ISO/IEC 8859-16. Part 3 Latin-3 South European 1988, 1999 Turkish, Maltese, and Esperanto. Largely superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-9 for Turkish and Unicode for Esperanto. Part 4 Latin-4 North European 1988, 1998 Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Greenlandic, and Sami. Part 5 Latin/Cyrillic 1988, 1999 Covers mostly Slavic languages that use a Cyrillic alphabet, including Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian (partial).[nb 4] Part 6 Latin/Arabic 1987, 1999 Covers the most common Arabic language characters. Does not support other languages using the Arabic script. Needs to be BiDi and cursive joining processed for display. Part 7 Latin/Greek 1987, 2003 Covers the modern Greek language (monotonic orthography). Can also be used for Ancient Greek written without accents or in monotonic orthography, but lacks the diacritics for polytonic orthography. These were introduced with Unicode. Part 8 Latin/Hebrew 1988, 1999 Covers the modern Hebrew alphabet as used in Israel. In practice two different encodings exist, logical order (needs to be BiDi processed for display) and visual (left-to-right) order (in effect, after bidi processing and line breaking). Part 9 Latin-5 Turkish 1989, 1999 Largely the same as ISO/IEC 8859-1, replacing the rarely used Icelandic letters with Turkish ones. Part 10 Latin-6 Nordic 1992, 1998 A rearrangement of Latin-4. Considered more useful for Nordic languages. Baltic languages use Latin-4 more. Part 11 Latin/Thai 2001 Contains characters needed for the Thai language. Virtually identical to TIS 620. Part 12 Latin/Devanagari N/A The work in making a part of 8859 for Devanagari was officially abandoned in 1997. ISCII and Unicode/ISO/IEC 10646 cover Devanagari. Part 13 Latin-7 Baltic Rim 1998 Added some characters for Baltic languages which were missing from Latin-4 and Latin-6. Part 14 Latin-8 Celtic 1998 Covers Celtic languages such as Gaelic and the Breton language. Part 15 Latin-9 1999 A revision of 8859-1 that removes some little-used symbols, replacing them with the euro sign € and the letters Š, š, Ž, ž, Œ, œ, and Ÿ, which completes the coverage of French, Finnish and Estonian. Part 16 Latin-10 South-Eastern European 2001 Intended for Albanian, Croatian, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Romanian and Slovene, but also Finnish, French, German and Irish Gaelic (new orthography). The focus lies more on letters than symbols. The currency sign is replaced with the euro sign. Each part of ISO/IEC 8859 is designed to support languages that often borrow from each other, so the characters needed by each language are usually accommodated by a single part. However, there are some characters and language combinations that are not accommodated without transcriptions. Efforts were made to make conversions as smooth as possible. For example, German has all of its seven special characters at the same positions in all Latin variants (1–4, 9, 10, 13–16), and in many positions the characters only differ in the diacritics between the sets. In particular, variants 1–4 were designed jointly, and have the property that every encoded character appears either at a given position or not at all. Table[edit] Comparison of the various parts (1–16) of ISO/IEC 8859 Binary Oct Dec Hex 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 1010 0000 240 160 A0 Non-breaking space (NBSP) 1010 0001 241 161 A1 ¡ Ą Ħ Ą Ё   ‘   ¡ Ą ก ” Ḃ ¡ Ą 1010 0010 242 162 A2 ¢ ˘ ĸ Ђ   ’ ¢ ¢ Ē ข ¢ ḃ ¢ ą 1010 0011 243 163 A3 £ Ł £ Ŗ Ѓ   £ Ģ ฃ £ Ł 1010 0100 244 164 A4 ¤ Є ¤ € ¤ Ī ค ¤ Ċ € 1010 0101 245 165 A5 ¥ Ľ   Ĩ Ѕ   ₯ ¥ Ĩ ฅ „ ċ ¥ „ 1010 0110 246 166 A6 ¦ Ś Ĥ Ļ І   ¦ Ķ ฆ ¦ Ḋ Š 1010 0111 247 167 A7 § Ї   § ง § 1010 1000 250 168 A8 ¨ Ј   ¨ Ļ จ Ø Ẁ š 1010 1001 251 169 A9 © Š İ Š Љ   © Đ ฉ © 1010 1010 252 170 AA ª Ş Ē Њ   ͺ × ª Š ช Ŗ Ẃ ª Ș 1010 1011 253 171 AB « Ť Ğ Ģ Ћ   « Ŧ ซ « ḋ « 1010 1100 254 172 AC ¬ Ź Ĵ Ŧ Ќ ، ¬ Ž ฌ ¬ Ỳ ¬ Ź 1010 1101 255 173 AD soft hyphen (SHY) ญ SHY 1010 1110 256 174 AE ® Ž   Ž Ў     ® Ū ฎ ® ź 1010 1111 257 175 AF ¯ Ż ¯ Џ   ― ¯ Ŋ ฏ Æ Ÿ ¯ Ż 1011 0000 260 176 B0 ° А   ° ฐ ° Ḟ ° 1011 0001 261 177 B1 ± ą ħ ą Б   ± ą ฑ ± ḟ ± 1011 0010 262 178 B2 ² ˛ ² ˛ В   ² ē ฒ ² Ġ ² Č 1011 0011 263 179 B3 ³ ł ³ ŗ Г   ³ ģ ณ ³ ġ ³ ł 1011 0100 264 180 B4 ´ Д   ΄ ´ ī ด “ Ṁ Ž 1011 0101 265 181 B5 µ ľ µ ĩ Е   ΅ µ ĩ ต µ ṁ µ ” 1011 0110 266 182 B6 ¶ ś ĥ ļ Ж   Ά ¶ ķ ถ ¶ 1011 0111 267 183 B7 · ˇ · ˇ З   · ท · Ṗ · 1011 1000 270 184 B8 ¸ И   Έ ¸ ļ ธ ø ẁ ž 1011 1001 271 185 B9 ¹ š ı š Й   Ή ¹ đ น ¹ ṗ ¹ č 1011 1010 272 186 BA º ş ē К   Ί ÷ º š บ ŗ ẃ º ș 1011 1011 273 187 BB » ť ğ ģ Л ؛ » ŧ ป » Ṡ » 1011 1100 274 188 BC ¼ ź ĵ ŧ М   Ό ¼ ž ผ ¼ ỳ Œ 1011 1101 275 189 BD ½ ˝ ½ Ŋ Н   ½ ― ฝ ½ Ẅ œ 1011 1110 276 190 BE ¾ ž   ž О   Ύ ¾ ū พ ¾ ẅ Ÿ 1011 1111 277 191 BF ¿ ż ŋ П ؟ Ώ   ¿ ŋ ฟ æ ṡ ¿ ż 1100 0000 300 192 C0 À Ŕ À Ā Р   ΐ   À Ā ภ Ą À 1100 0001 301 193 C1 Á С ء Α   Á ม Į Á 1100 0010 302 194 C2 Â Т آ Β    ย Ā  1100 0011 303 195 C3 Ã Ă   Ã У أ Γ   à ร Ć Ã Ă 1100 0100 304 196 C4 Ä Ф ؤ Δ   Ä ฤ Ä 1100 0101 305 197 C5 Å Ĺ Ċ Å Х إ Ε   Å ล Å Ć 1100 0110 306 198 C6 Æ Ć Ĉ Æ Ц ئ Ζ   Æ ฦ Ę Æ 1100 0111 307 199 C7 Ç Į Ч ا Η   Ç Į ว Ē Ç 1100 1000 310 200 C8 È Č È Č Ш ب Θ   È Č ศ Č È 1100 1001 311 201 C9 É Щ ة Ι   É ษ É 1100 1010 312 202 CA Ê Ę Ê Ę Ъ ت Κ   Ê Ę ส Ź Ê 1100 1011 313 203 CB Ë Ы ث Λ   Ë ห Ė Ë 1100 1100 314 204 CC Ì Ě Ì Ė Ь ج Μ   Ì Ė ฬ Ģ Ì 1100 1101 315 205 CD Í Э ح Ν   Í อ Ķ Í 1100 1110 316 206 CE Î Ю خ Ξ   Î ฮ Ī Î 1100 1111 317 207 CF Ï Ď Ï Ī Я د Ο   Ï ฯ Ļ Ï Binary Oct Dec Hex 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 1101 0000 320 208 D0 Ð Đ   Đ а ذ Π   Ğ Ð ะ Š Ŵ Ð 1101 0001 321 209 D1 Ñ Ń Ñ Ņ б ر Ρ   Ñ Ņ ั Ń Ñ Ń 1101 0010 322 210 D2 Ò Ň Ò Ō в ز     Ò Ō า Ņ Ò 1101 0011 323 211 D3 Ó Ķ г س Σ   Ó ำ Ó 1101 0100 324 212 D4 Ô д ش Τ   Ô ิ Ō Ô 1101 0101 325 213 D5 Õ Ő Ġ Õ е ص Υ   Õ ี Ő 1101 0110 326 214 D6 Ö ж ض Φ   Ö ึ Ö 1101 0111 327 215 D7 × з ط Χ   × Ũ ื × Ṫ × Ś 1101 1000 330 216 D8 Ø Ř Ĝ Ø и ظ Ψ   Ø ุ Ų Ø Ű 1101 1001 331 217 D9 Ù Ů Ù Ų й ع Ω   Ù Ų ู Ł Ù 1101 1010 332 218 DA Ú к غ Ϊ   Ú ฺ Ś Ú 1101 1011 333 219 DB Û Ű Û л   Ϋ   Û   Ū Û 1101 1100 334 220 DC Ü м   ά   Ü   Ü 1101 1101 335 221 DD Ý Ŭ Ũ н   έ   İ Ý   Ż Ý Ę 1101 1110 336 222 DE Þ Ţ Ŝ Ū о   ή   Ş Þ   Ž Ŷ Þ Ț 1101 1111 337 223 DF ß п   ί ‗ ß ฿ ß 1110 0000 340 224 E0 à ŕ à ā р ـ ΰ א à ā เ ą à 1110 0001 341 225 E1 á с ف α ב á แ į á 1110 0010 342 226 E2 â т ق β ג â โ ā â 1110 0011 343 227 E3 ã ă   ã у ك γ ד ã ใ ć ã ă 1110 0100 344 228 E4 ä ф ل δ ה ä ไ ä 1110 0101 345 229 E5 å ĺ ċ å х م ε ו å ๅ å ć 1110 0110 346 230 E6 æ ć ĉ æ ц ن ζ ז æ ๆ ę æ 1110 0111 347 231 E7 ç į ч ه η ח ç į ็ ē ç 1110 1000 350 232 E8 è č è č ш و θ ט è č ่ č è 1110 1001 351 233 E9 é щ ى ι י é ้ é 1110 1010 352 234 EA ê ę ê ę ъ ي κ ך ê ę ๊ ź ê 1110 1011 353 235 EB ë ы ً λ כ ë ๋ ė ë 1110 1100 354 236 EC ì ě ì ė ь ٌ μ ל ì ė ์ ģ ì 1110 1101 355 237 ED í э ٍ ν ם í ํ ķ í 1110 1110 356 238 EE î ю َ ξ מ î ๎ ī î 1110 1111 357 239 EF ï ď ï ī я ُ ο ן ï ๏ ļ ï 1111 0000 360 240 F0 ð đ   đ № ِ π נ ğ ð ๐ š ŵ ð đ 1111 0001 361 241 F1 ñ ń ñ ņ ё ّ ρ ס ñ ņ ๑ ń ñ ń 1111 0010 362 242 F2 ò ň ò ō ђ ْ ς ע ò ō ๒ ņ ò 1111 0011 363 243 F3 ó ķ ѓ   σ ף ó ๓ ó 1111 0100 364 244 F4 ô є   τ פ ô ๔ ō ô 1111 0101 365 245 F5 õ ő ġ õ ѕ   υ ץ õ ๕ ő 1111 0110 366 246 F6 ö і   φ צ ö ๖ ö 1111 0111 367 247 F7 ÷ ї   χ ק ÷ ũ ๗ ÷ ṫ ÷ ś 1111 1000 370 248 F8 ø ř ĝ ø ј   ψ ר ø ๘ ų ø ű 1111 1001 371 249 F9 ù ů ù ų љ   ω ש ù ų ๙ ł ù 1111 1010 372 250 FA ú њ   ϊ ת ú ๚ ś ú 1111 1011 373 251 FB û ű û ћ   ϋ   û ๛ ū û 1111 1100 374 252 FC ü ќ   ό   ü   ü 1111 1101 375 253 FD ý ŭ ũ §   ύ LRM ı ý   ż ý ę 1111 1110 376 254 FE þ ţ ŝ ū ў   ώ RLM ş þ   ž ŷ þ ț 1111 1111 377 255 FF ÿ ˙ џ       ÿ ĸ   ’ ÿ Binary Oct Dec Hex 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 At position 0xA0 there's always the non breaking space and 0xAD is mostly the soft hyphen, which only shows at line breaks. Other empty fields are either unassigned or the system used is not able to display them. There are new additions as ISO/IEC 8859-7:2003 and ISO/IEC 8859-8:1999 versions. LRM stands for left-to-right mark (U+200E) and RLM stands for right-to-left mark (U+200F).


Relationship to Unicode and the UCS[edit] Since 1991, the Unicode Consortium[nb 4] has been working with ISO and IEC to develop the Unicode Standard and ISO/IEC 10646: the Universal Character Set (UCS) in tandem. Newer editions of ISO/IEC 8859 express characters in terms of their Unicode/UCS names and the U+nnnn notation, effectively causing each part of ISO/IEC 8859 to be a Unicode/UCS character encoding scheme that maps a very small subset of the UCS to single 8-bit bytes. The first 256 characters in Unicode and the UCS are identical to those in ISO/IEC-8859-1 (Latin-1). Single-byte character sets including the parts of ISO/IEC 8859 and derivatives of them were favoured throughout the 1990s, having the advantages of being well-established and more easily implemented in software: the equation of one byte to one character is simple and adequate for most single-language applications, and there are no combining characters or variant forms. As Unicode-enabled operating systems became more widespread, ISO/IEC 8859 and other legacy encodings became less popular. While remnants of ISO 8859 and single-byte character models remain entrenched in many operating systems, programming languages, data storage systems, networking applications, display hardware, and end-user application software, most modern computing applications use Unicode internally, and rely on conversion tables to map to and from other encodings, when necessary.


Development status[edit] The ISO/IEC 8859 standard was maintained by ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 2, Working Group 3 (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2/WG 3). In June 2004, WG 3 disbanded, and maintenance duties were transferred to SC 2. The standard is not currently being updated, as the Subcommittee's only remaining working group, WG 2, is concentrating on development of Unicode's Universal Coded Character Set.


See also[edit] List of computer character sets RPL character set (An ISO 8859-1 superset on HP calculators, referred to as "ECMA-94" as well) DEC Multinational Character Set (MCS) DEC National Replacement Character Set (NRCS)


Notes[edit] ^ Missing several accented vowels including Ǿ and ǿ. These can be replaced with non-accented vowels at the cost of increased ambiguity. ^ Only the IJ/ij (letter IJ) is missing, which is usually represented as IJ. ^ a b Missing characters are in ISO/IEC 8859-15. ^ a b 8859-5 misses the Ґ/ґ letter, which was reintroduced into the Ukrainian alphabet in 1990.


References[edit] ^ Haralambous, Yannis (September 2007). Fonts & Encodings. Translated by Horne, P. Scott (1st ed.). Sebastopol, California, USA: O'Reilly Media, Inc. pp. 37–38. ISBN 978-0-596-10242-5. ISBN 0-596-10242-9. […] According to a urban legend, the French delegate was out sick the day when the standard came up for a vote and had to have his Belgian counterpart act as his proxy. In fact, the French delegate was an engineer, who was convinced that this ligature was useless, and the Swiss and German representatives pressed hard to have the mathematical symbols × and ÷ included at the positions where Œ and œ would logically appear. […]  ^ André, Jacques (2003-10-15) [2003-10-02]. André, Bernard; Baron, Georges-Louis; Bruillard, Éric, eds. "Histoire d'Œ, histoire d'@ des rumeurs typographiques et de leurs enseignements". Traitement de texte et production de documents INRP/GEDIAPS (in French): 19–34. Archived from the original on 2016-12-08. Retrieved 2016-12-09.  ^ André, Jacques (November 1996). "ISO Latin-1, norme de codage des caractères européens? trois caractères français en sont absents!" (PDF). Cahiers GUTenberg (in French) (25): 65–77. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-11-30.  Published versions of each part of ISO/IEC 8859 are available, for a fee, from the ISO catalogue site and from the IEC Webstore. PDF versions of the final drafts of some parts of ISO/IEC 8859 as submitted to the ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2/WG 3 for review & publication are available at the WG 3 web site: ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 1: Latin alphabet No. 1 (draft dated February 12, 1998, published April 15, 1998) ISO/IEC 8859-4:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 4: Latin alphabet No. 4 (draft dated February 12, 1998, published July 1, 1998) ISO/IEC 8859-7:1999 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 7: Latin/Greek alphabet (draft dated June 10, 1999; superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-7:2003, published October 10, 2003) ISO/IEC 8859-10:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 10: Latin alphabet No. 6 (draft dated February 12, 1998, published July 15, 1998) ISO/IEC 8859-11:1999 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 11: Latin/Thai character set (draft dated June 22, 1999; superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-11:2001, published 15 December 2001) ISO/IEC 8859-13:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 13: Latin alphabet No. 7 (draft dated April 15, 1998, published October 15, 1998) ISO/IEC 8859-15:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 15: Latin alphabet No. 9 (draft dated August 1, 1997; superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-15:1999, published March 15, 1999) ISO/IEC 8859-16:2000 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 16: Latin alphabet No. 10 (draft dated November 15, 1999; superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-16:2001, published July 15, 2001) ECMA standards, which in intent correspond exactly to the ISO/IEC 8859 character set standards, can be found at: Standard ECMA-94: 8-Bit Single Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin Alphabets No. 1 to No. 4 2nd edition (June 1986) Standard ECMA-113: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Cyrillic Alphabet 3rd edition (December 1999) Standard ECMA-114: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Arabic Alphabet 2nd edition (December 2000) Standard ECMA-118: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Greek Alphabet (December 1986) Standard ECMA-121: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Hebrew Alphabet 2nd edition (December 2000) Standard ECMA-128: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin Alphabet No. 5 2nd edition (December 1999) Standard ECMA-144: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Character Sets - Latin Alphabet No. 6 3rd edition (December 2000) ISO/IEC 8859-1 to Unicode mapping tables as plain text files are at the Unicode FTP site. Informal descriptions and code charts for most ISO/IEC 8859 standards are available in ISO/IEC 8859 Alphabet Soup (Mirror) v t e List of International Electrotechnical Commission standards IEC standards IEC 60027 IEC 60034 IEC 60038 IEC 60062 IEC 60063 IEC 60068 IEC 60112 IEC 60228 IEC 60269 IEC 60297 IEC 60309 IEC 60320 IEC 60364 IEC 60446 IEC 60559 IEC 60601 IEC 60870 IEC 60870-5 IEC 60870-6 IEC 60906-1 IEC 60908 IEC 60929 IEC 60958 AES3 S/PDIF IEC 61030 IEC 61131 IEC 61131-3 IEC 61158 IEC 61162 IEC 61334 IEC 61346 IEC 61355 IEC 61400 IEC 61499 IEC 61508 IEC 61511 IEC 61850 IEC 61851 IEC 61883 IEC 61960 IEC 61968 IEC 61970 IEC 62014-4 IEC 62056 IEC 62061 IEC 62196 IEC 62262 IEC 62264 IEC 62304 IEC 62325 IEC 62351 IEC 62365 IEC 62366 IEC 62379 IEC 62386 IEC 62455 IEC 62680 IEC 62682 IEC 62700 ISO/IEC standards ISO/IEC 646 ISO/IEC 2022 ISO/IEC 4909 ISO/IEC 5218 ISO/IEC 6429 ISO/IEC 6523 ISO/IEC 7810 ISO/IEC 7811 ISO/IEC 7812 ISO/IEC 7813 ISO/IEC 7816 ISO/IEC 7942 ISO/IEC 8613 ISO/IEC 8632 ISO/IEC 8652 ISO/IEC 8859 ISO/IEC 9126 ISO/IEC 9293 ISO/IEC 9592 ISO/IEC 9593 ISO/IEC 9899 ISO/IEC 9945 ISO/IEC 9995 ISO/IEC 10021 ISO/IEC 10116 ISO/IEC 10165 ISO/IEC 10179 ISO/IEC 10646 ISO/IEC 10967 ISO/IEC 11172 ISO/IEC 11179 ISO/IEC 11404 ISO/IEC 11544 ISO/IEC 11801 ISO/IEC 12207 ISO/IEC 13250 ISO/IEC 13346 ISO/IEC 13522-5 ISO/IEC 13568 ISO/IEC 13818 ISO/IEC 14443 ISO/IEC 14496 ISO/IEC 14882 ISO/IEC 15288 ISO/IEC 15291 ISO/IEC 15408 ISO/IEC 15444 ISO/IEC 15445 ISO/IEC 15504 ISO/IEC 15511 ISO/IEC 15693 ISO/IEC 15897 ISO/IEC 15938 ISO/IEC 16262 ISO/IEC 17024 ISO/IEC 17025 ISO/IEC 18000 ISO/IEC 18004 ISO/IEC 18014 ISO/IEC 19752 ISO/IEC 19757 ISO/IEC 19770 ISO/IEC 19788 ISO/IEC 20000 ISO/IEC 21000 ISO/IEC 21827 ISO/IEC 23000 ISO/IEC 23003 ISO/IEC 23008 ISO/IEC 23270 ISO/IEC 23360 ISO/IEC 24707 ISO/IEC 24727 ISO/IEC 24744 ISO/IEC 24752 ISO/IEC 26300 ISO/IEC 27000 ISO/IEC 27000-series ISO/IEC 27002 ISO/IEC 27040 ISO/IEC 29119 ISO/IEC 33001 ISO/IEC 38500 ISO/IEC 42010 ISO/IEC 80000 Related International Electrotechnical Commission v t e Character encodings Early telecommunications ASCII ISO/IEC 646 ISO/IEC 6937 T.61 BCDIC Baudot code Morse code Telegraph code Wabun code Special telegraphy codes Non-Latin Chinese Cyrillic Needle telegraph codes ISO/IEC 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 Bibliographic use ANSEL ISO 5426 / 5426-2 / 5427 / 5428 / 6438 / 6861 / 6862 / 10585 / 10586 / 10754 / 11822 MARC-8 National standards ArmSCII BraSCII CNS 11643 ELOT 927 GOST 10859 GB 18030 HKSCS ISCII JIS X 0201 JIS X 0208 JIS X 0212 JIS X 0213 KOI-7 KPS 9566 KS X 1001 PASCII SI 960 TIS-620 TSCII VISCII YUSCII EUC CN JP KR TW ISO/IEC 2022 CN JP KR CCCII MacOS code pages ("scripts") Arabic Celtic CentEuro ChineseSimp / EUC-CN ChineseTrad / Big5 Croatian Cyrillic Devanagari Dingbats Esperanto Farsi (Persian) Gaelic Greek Gujarati Gurmukhi Hebrew Iceland Japanese / ShiftJIS Korean / EUC-KR Latin-1 Roman Romanian Sámi Symbol Thai / TIS-620 Turkish Ukrainian DOS code pages 100 111 112 113 151 152 161 162 163 164 165 166 210 220 301 437 449 489 620 667 668 707 708 709 710 711 714 715 720 721 737 768 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 790 850 851 852 853 854 855/872 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864/17248 865 866/808 867 868 869 874/1161/1162 876 877 878 881 882 883 884 885 891 895 896 897 898 899 900 903 904 906 907 909 910 911 926 927 928 929 932 934 936 938 941 942 943 944 946 947 948 949 950/1370 951 966 991 1034 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1046 1086 1088 1092 1093 1098 1108 1109 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1125/848 1126 1127 1131/849 1139 1167 1168 1300 1351 1361 1362 1363 1372 1373 1374 1375 1380 1381 1385 1386 1391 1392 1393 1394 Kamenický Mazovia CWI-2 KOI8 MIK Iran System IBM AIX code pages 367 371 806 813 819 895 896 912 913 914 915 916 919 920 921/901 922/902 923 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 963 964 965 970 971 1004 1006 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1029 1036 1089 1111 1124 1129/1163 1133 1350 1382 1383 IBM Apple MacIntosh emulations 1275 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 IBM Adobe emulations 1038 1276 1277 IBM DEC emulations 1020 1021 1023 1090 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1287 1288 IBM HP emulations 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 Windows code pages CER-GS 874/1162 (TIS-620) 932/943 (Shift JIS) 936/1386 (GBK) 950/1370 (Big5) 949/1363 (EUC-KR) 1169 1174 Extended Latin-8 1200 (UTF-16LE) 1201 (UTF-16BE) 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1261 1270 54936 (GB18030) EBCDIC code pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37/1140 38 39 40 251 252 254 256 257 258 259 260 264 273/1141 274 275 276 277/1142 278/1143 279 280/1144 281 282 283 284/1145 285/1146 286 287 288 289 290 293 297/1147 298 300 310 320 321 322 330 351 352 353 355 357 358 359 360 361 363 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 410 420/16804 421 423 424/8616/12712 425 435 500/1148 803 829 833 834 835 836 837 838/838 839 870/1110/1153 871/1149 875/4971/9067 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 892 893 905 918 924 930/1390 931 933/1364 935/1388 937/1371 939/1399 1001 1002 1003 1005 1007 1024 1025/1154 1026/1155 1027 1028 1030 1031 1032 1033 1037 1047 1068 1069 1070 1071 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1087 1091 1097 1112/1156 1113 1122/1157 1123/1158 1130/1164 1132 1136 1137 1150 1151 1152 1159 1165 1166 1278 1279 1303 1364 1376 1377 JEF KEIS Platform specific Acorn Adobe Standard Apple II ATASCII Atari ST BICS Casio calculators CDC CPC DEC Radix-50 DEC MCS/NRCS DG International ELWRO-Junior FIELDATA GEM GEOS GSM 03.38 HP Roman Extension HP Roman-8 HP Roman-9 HP FOCAL HP RPL LICS LMBCS MSX NEC APC NeXT PCW PETSCII Sharp calculators TI calculators TRS-80 Ventura International Ventura Symbol WISCII XCCS ZX80 ZX81 ZX Spectrum Unicode / ISO/IEC 10646 UTF-1 UTF-7 UTF-8 UTF-16 (UTF-16LE/UTF-16BE) / UCS-2 UTF-32 (UTF-32LE/UTF-32BE) / UCS-4 UTF-EBCDIC GB 18030 BOCU-1 CESU-8 SCSU Miscellaneous code pages ABICOMP APL ARIB STD-B24 Cork HZ INIS INIS-8 Johab LY1 OML OMS OT1 SEASCII TACE16 TRON UTF-5 UTF-6 WTF-8 Related topics Code page Control character (C0 C1) CCSID Character encodings in HTML Charset detection Han unification Hardware ISO 6429/IEC 6429/ANSI X3.64 Mojibake Character sets v t e Standards of Ecma International Application interfaces ANSI escape code Common Language Infrastructure Office Open XML OpenXPS File systems (tape) Advanced Intelligent Tape DDS DLT Super DLT Holographic Versatile Disc Linear Tape-Open (Ultrium-1) VXA File systems (disk) CD-ROM CD File System (CDFS) FAT FAT12 FAT16 FAT16B FD UDF Ultra Density Optical Universal Media Disc Graphics Universal 3D Programming languages C++/CLI C# Eiffel JavaScript (E4X, ECMAScript) Radio link interfaces NFC UWB Other ECMA-35 List of Ecma standards (1961 - Present) v t e ISO standards by standard number List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards 1–9999 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31 -0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639 -1 -2 -3 -5 -6 646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166 -1 -2 -3 3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995 10000–19999 10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303 -11 -21 -22 -28 -238 10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211 -1 -2 13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496 -2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20 14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444 -3 15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706 -2 15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600:2014 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831 20000+ 20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000 -1 -2 -3 Category v t e Unicode Unicode Unicode Consortium ISO/IEC 10646 (Universal Character Set) Versions Code points Blocks Universal Character Set Character charts Character property Planes Private Use Areas Characters Special purpose BOM Combining Grapheme Joiner Left-to-right mark / Right-to-left mark Soft hyphen Word joiner Zero-width joiner Zero-width non-joiner Zero-width space Lists Characters CJK Unified Ideographs Combining character Duplicate characters Numerals Scripts Spaces Symbols Halfwidth and fullwidth Processing Algorithms Bi-directional text Collation ISO 14651 Equivalence Variation sequences International Ideographs Core Comparison BOCU-1 CESU-8 Punycode SCSU UTF-1 UTF-7 UTF-8 UTF-9/UTF-18 UTF-16/UCS-2 UTF-32/UCS-4 UTF-EBCDIC On pairs of code points Combining character Compatibility characters Duplicate characters Equivalence Homoglyph Precomposed character list Z-variant Variation sequences Regional Indicator Symbol Fitzpatrick modifiers Usage Domain names (IDN) Email Fonts HTML entity references numeric references Input International Ideographs Core Related standards Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR) GB 18030 ISO/IEC 8859 ISO 15924 Related topics Anomalies ConScript Unicode Registry Ideographic Rapporteur Group International Components for Unicode People involved with Unicode Han unification Scripts and symbols in Unicode Common and inherited scripts Combining marks Diacritics Punctuation Space Numbers Modern scripts Adlam Arabic diacritics Armenian Balinese Bamum Batak Bengali Bopomofo Braille Buhid Burmese Canadian Aboriginal Chakma Cham Cherokee CJK Unified Ideographs (Han) Cyrillic Deseret Devanagari Ge'ez Georgian Greek Gujarati Gurmukhī Hangul Hanja Hanunó'o Hebrew diacritics Hiragana Javanese Kanji Kannada Katakana Kayah Li Khmer Khudawadi Lao Latin Lepcha Limbu Lisu (Fraser) Lontara Malayalam Mandaic Masaram Gondi Meetei Mayek Mende Kikakui Miao (Pollard) Mongolian Mro N'Ko New Tai Lue Newa Nushu Ol Chiki Oriya Osage Osmanya Pahawh Hmong Pau Cin Hau Rejang Samaritan Śāradā Saurashtra Shavian Sinhala Sorang Sompeng Sundanese Sylheti Nagari Syriac Tagalog (Baybayin) Tagbanwa Tai Le Tai Tham Tai Viet Takri Tamil Telugu Thaana Thai Tibetan Tifinagh Tirhuta Vai Warang Citi Yi Ancient and historic scripts Ahom Anatolian hieroglyphs Ancient North Arabian Avestan Bassa Vah Bhaiksuki Brāhmī Carian Caucasian Albanian Coptic Cuneiform Cypriot Egyptian hieroglyphs Elbasan Glagolitic Gothic Grantha Hatran Imperial Aramaic Inscriptional Pahlavi Inscriptional Parthian Kaithi Kharosthi Khojki Linear A Linear B Lycian Lydian Mahajani Manichaean Marchen Meroitic Modi Multani Nabataean Ogham Old Hungarian Old Italic Old Permic Old Persian cuneiform Old Turkic Palmyrene 'Phags-pa Phoenician Psalter Pahlavi Runic Siddham South Arabian Soyombo Tangut Ugaritic Zanabazar Square Notational scripts Duployan SignWriting Symbols Cultural, political, and religious symbols Currency Mathematical operators and symbols Phonetic symbols (including IPA) Emoji Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ISO/IEC_8859&oldid=817362333" Categories: Character setsEcma standardsISO/IEC standardsHidden categories: CS1 French-language sources (fr)Use British English Oxford spelling from December 2011


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ISO/IEC_8859 - Photos and All Basic Informations

ISO/IEC_8859 More Links

ISO 8International Organization For StandardizationInternational Electrotechnical CommissionCharacter EncodingISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-12Ecma InternationalGraphic CharacterASCIIEnglish LanguageLatin ScriptByteControl CharactersInternet Assigned Numbers AuthorityC0 And C1 Control CodesISO/IEC 646C0 And C1 Control CodesISO 6429MIMEISO/IEC 8859-11TIS 620TypographyASCIIUnicodeISO/IEC 8859-15Euro SignComma (punctuation)CedillaUnicode ConsortiumGlyphISO/IEC 8859-16Greek AlphabetCyrillic ScriptHebrew AlphabetArabic AlphabetThai AlphabetSpacing CharactersCombining CharactersCJKWriting SystemVietnamese LanguageKanaISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-1:1987ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998Danish LanguageDutch LanguageEnglish LanguageFaroese LanguageFinnish LanguageFrench LanguageGerman LanguageIcelandic LanguageIrish LanguageItalian LanguageNorwegian LanguagePortuguese LanguageRomansh LanguageScottish Gaelic LanguageSpanish LanguageCatalan LanguageSwedish (language)Albanian LanguageIndonesian LanguageAfrikaans LanguageSwahili LanguageEuro SignISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-2:1987ISO/IEC 8859-2:1999Bosnian LanguagePolish LanguageCroatian LanguageCzech LanguageSlovak LanguageSlovene LanguageSerbian LanguageHungarian LanguageEuro SignISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-3:1988ISO/IEC 8859-3:1999Turkish LanguageMaltese LanguageEsperantoISO/IEC 8859-9UnicodeISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-4:1988ISO/IEC 8859-4:1998Estonian LanguageLatvian LanguageLithuanian LanguageGreenlandic LanguageSami LanguagesISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-5:1988ISO/IEC 8859-5:1999Cyrillic AlphabetsBelarusian LanguageBulgarian LanguageMacedonian LanguageRussian LanguageSerbian LanguageUkrainian LanguageISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-6:1987ISO/IEC 8859-6:1999Arabic LanguageArabic ScriptBiDiCursiveISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-7:1987ISO/IEC 8859-7:2003Greek LanguageMonotonic OrthographyGreek LanguagePolytonic OrthographyISO/IEC 8859-8ISO/IEC 8859-8:1988ISO/IEC 8859-8:1999Hebrew AlphabetBiDiISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-9:1989ISO/IEC 8859-9:1999Icelandic LanguageTurkish LanguageISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-10:1992ISO/IEC 8859-10:1998ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-11:2001Thai LanguageTIS 620ISO/IEC 8859-12DevanagariISCIIISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-13:1998ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-14:1998Scottish Gaelic LanguageBreton LanguageISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-15:1999Euro SignFrench LanguageFinnish LanguageEstonian LanguageISO/IEC 8859-16ISO/IEC 8859-16:2001Albanian LanguageCroatian LanguageHungarian LanguageItalian LanguagePolish LanguageRomanian LanguageSlovene LanguageIrish LanguageCurrency (typography)Euro SignBinary Numeral SystemOctalDecimalHexadecimalISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-8ISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-16Non-breaking Space¡ĄĦĄYo (Cyrillic)¡Ą¡Ą¢˘ĸDje¢¢Ē¢¢ĄPound SignŁPound SignŖGjePound SignĢPound SignŁ¤Ukrainian Ye¤Euro Sign¤Ī¤ĊEuro Sign¥ĽĨDze¥ĨĊ¥¦ŚĤĻDotted I (Cyrillic)¦Ķ¦Š§Yi (Cyrillic)§§¨Je (Cyrillic)¨ĻØŠ©ŠİŠLje©Đ©ªŞĒNjeͺתŠŖªȘ«ŤĞĢTshe«Ŧ««¬ŹĴŦKje،¬Ž¬¬ŹSoft HyphenSoft Hyphen®ŽŽShort U (Cyrillic)®Ū®Ź¯Ż¯Dzhe¯ŊÆŸ¯Ż°A (Cyrillic)°°°±ĄĦĄBe (Cyrillic)±Ą±±²˛²˛Ve (Cyrillic)²Ē²Ġ²Č³Ł³ŖGe (Cyrillic)³Ģ³Ġ³Ł´De (Cyrillic)΄´ĪŽΜĽΜĨYe (Cyrillic)΅ΜĨΜΜŚĤĻZhe (Cyrillic)ΆĶ·ˇ·ˇZe (Cyrillic)···¸I (Cyrillic)Έ¸ĻØŽ¹ŠIŠShort IΉ¹Đ¹¹ČºŞĒKa (Cyrillic)Ί÷ºŠŖºȘ»ŤĞĢEl (Cyrillic)؛»Ŧ»»1/4 (disambiguation)ŹĴŦEm (Cyrillic)Ό1/4 (disambiguation)Ž1/4 (disambiguation)Œ1/2 (disambiguation)˝1/2 (disambiguation)ŊEn (Cyrillic)1/2 (disambiguation)1/2 (disambiguation)Œ3/4 (disambiguation)ŽŽO (Cyrillic)Ύ3/4 (disambiguation)Ū3/4 (disambiguation)Ÿ¿ŻŊPe (Cyrillic)؟Ώ¿ŊÆ¿ŻÀŔÀĀEr (Cyrillic)ΐÀĀĄÀÁEs (Cyrillic)ءΑÁĮÁÂTe (Cyrillic)آBeta (letter)ÂĀÂÃĂÃU (Cyrillic)أΓÃĆÃĂÄEf (Cyrillic)ؤΔÄÄÅĹĊÅKha (Cyrillic)إΕÅÅĆÆĆĈÆTse (Cyrillic)ئΖÆĘÆÇĮChe (Cyrillic)اΗÇĮĒÇÈČÈČSha (Cyrillic)بΘÈČČÈÉShchaةΙÉÉÊĘÊĘYerتΚÊĘŹÊËYeryثΛËĖËÌĚÌĖSoft SignجΜÌĖĢÌÍE (Cyrillic)حΝÍĶÍYu (Cyrillic)خΞĪĎĪYa (Cyrillic)دΟĻBinary Numeral SystemOctalDecimalHexadecimalĐĐA (Cyrillic)ذΠĞŠŴŃŅBe (Cyrillic)رΡŅŃŃŇŌVe (Cyrillic)زŌŅĶGe (Cyrillic)سSigmaDe (Cyrillic)شΤŌŐĠYe (Cyrillic)صΥŐZhe (Cyrillic)ضΦZe (Cyrillic)طΧŨŚŘĜI (Cyrillic)ظΨŲŰŮŲShort IعΩŲŁKa (Cyrillic)غΪŚŰEl (Cyrillic)ΫŪEm (Cyrillic)ΆŬŨEn (Cyrillic)ΈİŻĘÞŢŜŪO (Cyrillic)ΉŞÞŽŶÞȚßPe (Cyrillic)Ίß฿ßŔĀEr (Cyrillic)ـΰאĀĄEs (Cyrillic)فΑבĮTe (Cyrillic)قBeta (letter)גĀĂU (Cyrillic)كΓדĆĂEf (Cyrillic)لΔהĹĊKha (Cyrillic)مΕוĆĆĈTse (Cyrillic)نΖזĘÇĮChe (Cyrillic)هΗחÇĮĒÇÈČÈČSha (Cyrillic)وΘטÈČČÈÉShchaىΙיÉÉÊĘÊĘYerيΚךÊĘŹÊËYeryًΛכËĖËÌĚÌĖSoft SignٌΜלÌĖĢÌÍE (Cyrillic)ٍΝםÍĶÍYu (Cyrillic)َΞמĪĎĪYa (Cyrillic)ُΟןĻĐĐNumero SignِΠנĞŠŴĐŃŅYo (Cyrillic)ّΡסŅŃŃŇŌDjeْSigmaעŌŅĶGjeSigmaףUkrainian YeΤפŌŐĠDzeΥץŐDotted I (Cyrillic)ΦצYi (Cyrillic)ΧקŨŚŘĜJe (Cyrillic)ΨרŲŰŮŲLjeΩשŲŁNjeΪתŚŰTsheΫŪKjeΌŬŨΎIŻĘÞŢŜŪShort U (Cyrillic)ΏŞÞŽŶÞȚ˙DzheĸBinary Numeral SystemOctalDecimalHexadecimalSoft HyphenLine BreakingISO/IEC 8859-7:2003ISO/IEC 8859-8:1999Left-to-right MarkRight-to-left MarkUnicodeUniversal Character SetLatin-1ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2Working GroupUniversal Coded Character SetList Of Computer Character SetsRPL Character SetDEC Multinational Character SetDEC National Replacement Character SetØIJ (letter)Ghe With UpturnUkrainian AlphabetO'Reilly Media, Inc.International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-596-10242-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-596-10242-9European Computer Manufacturers AssociationTemplate:List Of International Electrotechnical Commission StandardsTemplate Talk:List Of International Electrotechnical Commission StandardsList Of International Electrotechnical Commission StandardsIEC 60027IEC 60034IEC 60038Letter And Digit CodeE-series Of Preferred NumbersIEC 60068Comparative Tracking IndexIEC 60228IEC 6026919-inch RackIEC 60309IEC 60320IEC 60364IEC 60446IEEE 754IEC 60601IEC 60870IEC 60870-5IEC 60870-6IEC 60906-1Compact Disc Digital AudioIEC 60929IEC 60958AES3S/PDIFIEC 61030IEC 61131IEC 61131-3FieldbusIEC 61162IEC 61334IEC 61346IEC 61355IEC 61400IEC 61499IEC 61508IEC 61511IEC 61850IEC 61851IEC 61883IEC 61960IEC 61968IEC 61970IP-XACTIEC 62056IEC 62061IEC 62196EN 62262IEC 62264IEC 62304IEC 62325IEC 62351AES47IEC 62366IEC 62379Digital Addressable Lighting InterfaceIEC 62455USBIEC 62682IEC 62700ISO/IEC 646ISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 4909ISO/IEC 5218ANSI Escape CodeISO/IEC 6523ISO/IEC 7810ISO/IEC 7811ISO/IEC 7812ISO/IEC 7813ISO/IEC 7816Graphical Kernel SystemOpen Document ArchitectureComputer Graphics MetafileISO/IEC 8652ISO/IEC 9126File Allocation TablePHIGSPHIGSANSI CPOSIXISO/IEC 9995ISO/IEC 10021ISO/IEC 10116Guidelines For The Definition Of Managed ObjectsDocument Style Semantics And Specification LanguageUniversal Coded Character SetISO/IEC 10967MPEG-1ISO/IEC 11179ISO/IEC 11404JBIGISO/IEC 11801ISO/IEC 12207Topic MapsUniversal Disk FormatMHEG-5Z NotationMPEG-2ISO/IEC 14443MPEG-4C++ISO/IEC 15288Ada Semantic Interface SpecificationCommon CriteriaJPEG 2000HTMLISO/IEC 15504International Standard Identifier For Libraries And Related OrganizationsISO/IEC 15693ISO/IEC 15897MPEG-7ECMAScriptISO/IEC 17024ISO/IEC 17025ISO/IEC 18000QR CodeISO/IEC 18014ISO/IEC 19752RELAX NGISO/IEC 19770ISO/IEC 19788ISO/IEC 20000MPEG-21ISO/IEC 21827MPEG-AMPEG-DMPEG-HC Sharp (programming Language)Linux Standard BaseCommon LogicISO/IEC 24727ISO/IEC 24744Universal Remote ConsoleOpenDocumentISO/IEC 27000ISO/IEC 27000-seriesISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 27040ISO/IEC 29119ISO/IEC 33001ISO/IEC 38500ISO/IEC 42010ISO/IEC 80000International Electrotechnical CommissionTemplate:Character EncodingsTemplate Talk:Character EncodingsCharacter EncodingASCIIISO/IEC 646ISO/IEC 6937ITU T.61BCD (character Encoding)Baudot CodeMorse CodeTelegraph CodeWabun CodeMorse Code For Non-Latin AlphabetsChinese Telegraph CodeRussian Morse CodeCooke And Wheatstone TelegraphISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-8ISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-12ISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-16ANSELISO 5426ISO 5428ISO 6438ISO 6862ArmSCIIMARC-8ArmSCIIBraSCIICNS 11643ELOT 927GOST 10859GB 18030Hong Kong Supplementary Character SetIndian Script Code For Information InterchangeJIS X 0201JIS X 0208JIS X 0212JIS X 0213KOI-7KPS 9566KS X 1001Perso-Arabic Script Code For Information InterchangeSI 960Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533Tamil Script Code For Information InterchangeVietnamese Standard Code For Information InterchangeYUSCIIExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 2022Chinese Character Code For Information InterchangeCategory:Mac OS Character EncodingsMacArabic EncodingMac OS CelticMacintosh Central European EncodingEUC-CNBig5MacCroatian EncodingMacintosh Cyrillic EncodingMac Devanagari EncodingMacEsperanto EncodingMacFarsi EncodingMac OS GaelicMacGreek EncodingMac Icelandic EncodingShift JISEUC-KRMacintosh Latin EncodingMac OS RomanMacRomanian EncodingMac OS SámiThai Industrial Standard 620-2533MacTurkish EncodingMacintosh Ukrainian EncodingCategory:DOS Code PagesCode Page 301Code Page 437Code Page 449Code Page 667Code Page 668Code Page 708Code Page 720Code Page 737Code Page 770Code Page 771Code Page 772Code Page 773Code Page 774Code Page 775Code Page 790Code Page 850Code Page 851Code Page 852Code Page 853Code Page 855Code Page 855Code Page 856Code Page 857Code Page 858Code Page 859Code Page 860Code Page 861Code Page 862Code Page 863Code Page 864Code Page 17248Code Page 865Code Page 866Code Page 866Code Page 867Code Page 868Code Page 869Code Page 874Code Page 1161Code Page 1162Code Page 878Kamenicky EncodingMazovia EncodingCode Page 897Code Page 866Code Page 907Code Page 932 (IBM)Code Page 936 (IBM)Code Page 941Code Page 942Code Page 943Code Page 949 (IBM)Code Page 950Code Page 951Code Page 991Code Page 1041Code Page 1117Code Page 1118Code Page 1119Code Page 1167Code Page 1168Code Page 1363Code Page 1386Code Page 1392Kamenický EncodingMazovia EncodingCWI-2KOI Character EncodingsMIK Code PageIran System EncodingIBM AIXCode Page 367Code Page 806Code Page 813Code Page 819Code Page 895Code Page 896Code Page 912Code Page 913Code Page 914Code Page 915Code Page 916Code Page 919Code Page 920Code Page 923Code Page 954Code Page 1009Code Page 1010Code Page 1011Code Page 1012Code Page 1013Code Page 1014Code Page 1015Code Page 1016Code Page 1017Code Page 1018Code Page 1019Code Page 1036Code Page 1089Code Page 1111Code Page 1124Code Page 1133Category:Mac OS Character EncodingsMac OS RomanMacGreek EncodingMacTurkish EncodingMacintosh Central European EncodingMacintosh Cyrillic EncodingMacCroatian EncodingMacRomanian EncodingMac Icelandic EncodingCode Page 1038Code Page 1276Digital Equipment CorporationCode Page 1020Code Page 1021Code Page 1023Code Page 1090Multinational Character SetCode Page 1101Code Page 1102Code Page 1103Code Page 1104Code Page 1105Code Page 1106Code Page 1107Code Page 1287Code Page 1288Hewlett-PackardCode Page 1050Code Page 1051Code Page 1057Windows Code PageCER-GSCode Page 1162Code Page 1162Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533Code Page 932 (Microsoft Windows)Code Page 943Shift JISCode Page 1386Code Page 1386GBK (character Encoding)Code Page 950Code Page 950Big5Unified Hangul CodeCode Page 1363EUC-KRExtended Latin-8Windows-1200UTF-16LEWindows-1201UTF-16BEWindows-1250Windows-1251Windows-1252Windows-1253Windows-1254Windows-1255Windows-1256Windows-1257Windows-1258Windows-1270Windows-54936EBCDICEBCDIC Code PagesEBCDIC 037EBCDIC 1140EBCDIC 038EBCDIC 252EBCDIC 273EBCDIC 1141EBCDIC 277EBCDIC 1142EBCDIC 278EBCDIC 1143EBCDIC 280EBCDIC 1144EBCDIC 284EBCDIC 1145EBCDIC 285EBCDIC 1146EBCDIC 293EBCDIC 297EBCDIC 1147Code Page 353Code Page 355Code Page 357Code Page 358Code Page 359Code Page 360EBCDIC 410EBCDIC 423EBCDIC 424EBCDIC 8616EBCDIC 12712EBCDIC 500EBCDIC 1148EBCDIC 870EBCDIC 1110EBCDIC 1153EBCDIC 871EBCDIC 1149EBCDIC 875EBCDIC 4971EBCDIC 9067EBCDIC 880EBCDIC 905EBCDIC 924Code Page 930Code Page 1390EBCDIC 1025EBCDIC 1154EBCDIC 1026EBCDIC 1155EBCDIC 1047JEF CodepageKEISRISC OS Character SetPostScript Standard EncodingApple II Character SetATASCIIAtari ST Character SetBitstream International Character SetCasio Calculator Character SetsCDC Display CodeDEC Radix-50Multinational Character SetNational Replacement Character SetDG InternationalELWRO-JuniorFIELDATAGEM Character SetGSM 03.38HP Roman ExtensionHP Roman-8HP Roman-9FOCAL Character SetRPL Character SetLotus International Character SetLotus Multi-Byte Character SetMSX Character SetNEC APC Character SetNeXT Character SetPCW Character SetPETSCIISharp Calculator Character SetsTI Calculator Character SetsTRS-80 Character SetVentura InternationalVentura SymbolWang International Standard Code For Information InterchangeXerox Character Code StandardZX80 Character SetZX81 Character SetZX Spectrum Character SetUnicodeUniversal Coded Character 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2146ISO 2240Water Resistant MarkISO 2709ISO 2711ISO 2788ISO 2848ISO 2852126 FilmISO 3103ISO 3166ISO 3166-1ISO 3166-2ISO 3166-3International Standard Serial NumberISO 3307Kunrei-shiki RomanizationISO 3864International Standard Recording CodeISO 3977ISO 4031ISO 4157ISO 4217ISO/IEC 4909ISO/IEC 5218ISO 5428ISO 5775ISO 5776ISO 5800ISO 5964ISO 6166ISO 6344ISO 6346ISO 6385Water Resistant MarkANSI Escape CodeISO 6438ISO 6523ISO 6709ISO 7001ISO 7002PinyinPascal (programming Language)ISO 7200OSI ModelISO 7736ISO/IEC 7810ISO/IEC 7811ISO/IEC 7812ISO/IEC 7813ISO/IEC 7816ISO 8000ISO 8178Fuel OilFTAMISO 8583ISO 8601Computer Graphics MetafileISO/IEC 8652ISO 8691Language Of Temporal Ordering SpecificationISO/IEC 8820-5ISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-8ISO-8859-8-IISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-12ISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-16Standard Generalized Markup LanguageISO 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