Contents 1 Introduction 2 Code structure 3 ISO/IEC 2022 character sets 4 Comparison with other encodings 4.1 Advantages 4.2 Disadvantages 5 See also 6 References 7 External links


Introduction[edit] Many languages or language families not based on the Latin alphabet such as Greek, Cyrillic, Arabic, or Hebrew have historically been represented on computers with different 8-bit extended ASCII encodings. Written East Asian languages, specifically Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, use far more characters than can be represented in an 8-bit computer byte and were first represented on computers with language-specific double byte encodings. ISO/IEC 2022 was developed as a technique to attack both of these problems: to represent characters in multiple character sets within a single character encoding, and to represent large character sets. A second requirement of ISO-2022 was that it should be compatible with 7-bit communication channels. So even though ISO-2022 is an 8-bit character set any 8-bit sequence can be reencoded to use only 7-bits without loss and normally only a small increase in size. To represent multiple character sets, the ISO/IEC 2022 character encodings include escape sequences which indicate the character set for characters which follow. The escape sequences are registered with ISO and follow the patterns defined within the standard. These character encodings require data to be processed sequentially in a forward direction since the correct interpretation of the data depends on previously encountered escape sequences. Note, however, that other standards such as ISO-2022-JP may impose extra conditions such as the current character set is reset to US-ASCII before the end of a line. To represent large character sets, ISO/IEC 2022 builds on ISO/IEC 646's property that one seven bit character will normally define 94 graphic (printable) characters (in addition to space and 33 control characters). Using two bytes, it is thus possible to represent up to 8836 (94×94) characters; and, using three bytes, up to 830584 (94×94×94) characters. Though the standard defines it, no registered character set uses three bytes (although EUC-TW's unregistered G2 is). For the two-byte character sets, the code point of each character is normally specified in so-called kuten (Japanese: 区点) form (sometimes called quwei (Chinese: 区位), especially when dealing with GB2312 and related standards), which specifies a zone (区, Japanese: ku, Chinese: qu), and the point (Japanese: 点 ten) or position (Chinese: 位 wei) of that character within the zone. The escape sequences therefore do not only declare which character set is being used, but also, by knowing the properties of these character sets, know whether a 94-, 96-, 8836-, or 830584-character (or some other sized) encoding is being dealt with. In practice, the escape sequences declaring the national character sets may be absent if context or convention dictates that a certain national character set is to be used. For example, ISO-8859-1 states that no defining escape sequence is needed and RFC 1922, which defines ISO-2022-CN, allows ISO-2022 SHIFT characters to be used without explicit use of escape sequences. The ISO-2022 definitions of the ISO-8859-X character sets are specific fixed combinations of the components that form ISO-2022. Specifically the lower control characters (C0) the US-ASCII character set (in GL) and the upper control characters (C1) are standard and the high characters (GR) are defined for each of the ISO-8859-X variants; for example ISO-8859-1 is defined[citation needed] by the combination of ISO-IR-1, ISO-IR-6, ISO-IR-77 and ISO-IR-100 with no shifts or character changes allowed. Although ISO/IEC 2022 character sets using control sequences are still in common use, particularly ISO-2022-JP, most modern e-mail applications are converting to use the simpler Unicode transforms such as UTF-8. The encodings that don't use control sequences, such as the ISO-8859 sets are still very common.


Code structure[edit] ISO/IEC 2022 coding specifies a two-layer mapping between character codes and displayed characters. Escape sequences allow any of a large registry of graphic character sets to be "designated" into one of four working sets, named G0 through G3, and shorter control sequences specify the working set that is "invoked" to interpret bytes in the stream. Character codes from the 7-bit ASCII graphic range (0x20–0x7F), being on the left side of a character code table, are referred to as "GL" codes (with "GL" standing for "graphics left") while codes from the "high ASCII" range (0xA0–0xFF), if available, are referred to as the "GR" codes ("graphics right"). By default, GL codes specify G0 characters, and GR codes specify G1 characters, but this may be modified with control codes or by prior agreement: Code Abbr. Name Effect 0x0F SI LS0 Shift In Locking shift zero GL encodes G0 from now on 0x0E SO LS1 Shift Out Locking shift one GL encodes G1 from now on ESC 0x6E (n) LS2 Locking shift two GL encodes G2 from now on ESC 0x6F (o) LS3 Locking shift three GL encodes G3 from now on 0x8E ESC 0x4E (N) SS2 Single shift two GL encodes G2 for next character only 0x8F ESC 0x4F (O) SS3 Single shift three GL encodes G3 for next character only ESC 0x7E (~) LS1R Locking shift one right GR encodes G1 from now on ESC 0x7D (}) LS2R Locking shift two right GR encodes G2 from now on ESC 0x7C (|) LS3R Locking shift three right GR encodes G3 from now on Each of the four working sets may be a 94-character set or a 94n-character set. Additionally, G1 through G3 may be a 96- or 96n-character set. When one of the latter is invoked in the GL region, the space and delete characters (codes 0x20 and 0x7F) are not available. There are additional (rarely used) features for switching control character sets, but this is a single-level lookup: the 0x00–0x1F range is the C0 control character set, the 0x80–0x9F range is the C1 control character set, and there are escape sequences which switch in various alternatives. It is required that any C0 character set include the ESC character at position 0x1B, so that further changes are possible. As seen in the SS2 and SS3 examples above, single control characters from the C1 control character set may be invoked[citation needed] using only 7 bits using the sequences ESC 0x40 (@) through ESC 0x5F (_). Additional control functions are assigned in the range ESC 0x60 (`) through ESC 0x7E (~). While this article describes escape sequences using the corresponding ASCII characters, they are actually defined in terms of byte values, and the graphic assigned to that byte value may be altered without affecting the control sequence. Escape sequences to designate character sets take the form ESC I [I...] F, where there are one or more intermediate I bytes from the range 0x20–0x2F, and a final F byte from the range 0x40–0x7F. (The range 0x30–0x3F is reserved for private-use F bytes.) The I bytes identify the type of character set and the working set it is to be designated to, while the F byte identifies the character set itself. Code Hex Abbr. Name Effect ESC ! F 1B 21 F CZD C0-designate F selects a C0 control character set to be used. ESC " F 1B 22 F C1D C1-designate F selects a C1 control character set to be used. ESC % F 1B 25 F DOCS Designate other coding system F selects an 8-bit code; use ESC % @ to return to ISO/IEC 2022. ESC % / F 1B 25 2F F DOCS Designate other coding system F selects an 8-bit code; there is no standard way to return. ESC & F 1B 26 F IRR Identify revised registration F, adjusted to the range 1-63, indicates which revision of the immediately-following registration is needed, so that old systems know that they are old. ESC ( F 1B 28 F GZD4 G0-designate 94-set F selects a 94-character set to be used for G0. ESC ) F 1B 29 F G1D4 G1-designate 94-set F selects a 94-character set to be used for G1. ESC * F 1B 2A F G2D4 G2-designate 94-set F selects a 94-character set to be used for G2. ESC + F 1B 2B F G3D4 G3-designate 94-set F selects a 94-character set to be used for G3. ESC - F 1B 2D F G1D6 G1-designate 96-set F selects a 96-character set to be used for G1. ESC . F 1B 2E F G2D6 G2-designate 96-set F selects a 96-character set to be used for G2. ESC / F 1B 2F F G3D6 G3-designate 96-set F selects a 96-character set to be used for G3. ESC $ F ESC $ ( F 1B 24 F 1B 24 28 F GZDM4 G0-designate multibyte 94-set F selects a 94n-character set to be used for G0. ESC $ ) F 1B 24 29 F G1DM4 G1-designate multibyte 94-set F selects a 94n-character set to be used for G1. ESC $ * F 1B 24 2A F G2DM4 G2-designate multibyte 94-set F selects a 94n-character set to be used for G2. ESC $ + F 1B 24 2B F G3DM4 G3-designate multibyte 94-set F selects a 94n-character set to be used for G3. ESC $ - F 1B 24 2D F G1DM6 G1-designate multibyte 96-set F selects a 96n-character set to be used for G1. ESC $ . F 1B 24 2E F G2DM6 G2-designate multibyte 96-set F selects a 96n-character set to be used for G2. ESC $ / F 1B 24 2F F G3DM6 G3-designate multibyte 96-set F selects a 96n-character set to be used for G3. Note that the registry of F bytes is independent for the different types. The 94-character graphic set designated by ESC ( A through ESC + A is not related in any way to the 96-character set designated by ESC - A through ESC / A. And neither of those is related to the 94n-character set designated by ESC $ ( A through ESC $ + A, and so on; the final bytes must be interpreted in context. (Indeed, without any intermediate bytes, ESC A is a way of specifying the C1 control code 0x81.) Also note that C0 and C1 control character sets are independent; the C0 control character set designated by ESC ! A (which happens to be the NATS control set for newspaper text transmission) is not the same as the C1 control character set designated by ESC " A (the CCITT attribute control set for Videotex). Additional I bytes may be added before the F byte to extend the F byte range. This is currently only used with 94-character sets, where codes of the form ESC ( ! F have been assigned. At the other extreme, no multibyte 96-sets have been registered, so the sequences above are strictly theoretical.


ISO/IEC 2022 character sets[edit] Character encodings using ISO/IEC 2022 mechanism include: ISO-2022-JP. A widely used encoding for Japanese. Starts in ASCII and includes the following escape sequences ESC ( B to switch to ASCII (1 byte per character) ESC ( J to switch to JIS X 0201-1976 (ISO/IEC 646:JP) Roman set (1 byte per character) ESC $ @ to switch to JIS X 0208-1978 (2 bytes per character) ESC $ B to switch to JIS X 0208-1983 (2 bytes per character) ISO-2022-JP-1. The same as ISO-2022-JP with one additional escape sequence ESC $ ( D to switch to JIS X 0212-1990 (2 bytes per character) ISO-2022-JP-2. A multilingual extension of ISO-2022-JP. The same as ISO-2022-JP-1 with the following additional escape sequences [2] ESC $ A to switch to GB 2312-1980 (2 bytes per character) ESC $ ( C to switch to KS X 1001-1992 (2 bytes per character) ESC . A to switch to ISO/IEC 8859-1 high part, Extended Latin 1 set (1 byte per character) [designated to G2] ESC . F to switch to ISO/IEC 8859-7 high part, Basic Greek set (1 byte per character) [designated to G2] ISO-2022-JP-3. The same as ISO-2022-JP with three additional escape sequences ESC ( I to switch to JIS X 0201-1976 Kana set (1 byte per character) ESC $ ( O to switch to JIS X 0213-2000 Plane 1 (2 bytes per character) ESC $ ( P to switch to JIS X 0213-2000 Plane 2 (2 bytes per character) ISO-2022-JP-2004. The same as ISO-2022-JP-3 with one additional escape sequence ESC $ ( Q to switch to JIS X 0213-2004 Plane 1 (2 bytes per character) ISO-2022-KR. An encoding for Korean. ESC $ ) C to switch to KS X 1001-1992,[3][4] previously named KS C 5601-1987 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G1] ISO-2022-CN. An encoding for Chinese. ESC $ ) A to switch to GB 2312-1980 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G1] ESC $ ) G to switch to CNS 11643-1992 Plane 1 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G1] ESC $ * H to switch to CNS 11643-1992 Plane 2 (2 bytes per character) ISO-2022-CN-EXT. The same as ISO-2022-CN with six additional escape sequences ESC $ ) E to switch to ISO-IR-165 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G1] ESC $ + I to switch to CNS 11643-1992 Plane 3 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G3] ESC $ + J to switch to CNS 11643-1992 Plane 4 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G3] ESC $ + K to switch to CNS 11643-1992 Plane 5 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G3] ESC $ + L to switch to CNS 11643-1992 Plane 6 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G3] ESC $ + M to switch to CNS 11643-1992 Plane 7 (2 bytes per character) [designated to G3] The character after the ESC (for single-byte character sets) or ESC $ (for multi-byte character sets) specifies the type of character set and working set that is designated to. In the above examples, the character ( (0x28) designates a 94-character set to the G0 character set. This may be replaced by ), * or + (0x29–0x2B) to designate to the G1–G3 character sets. Two of the codes above are 96-character codes, and in the above examples, the character - (0x2D) designates to the G1 character set. This may be replaced with . or / (0x2E or 0x2F) to designate to the G2 or G3 character sets. As mentioned earlier, a 96-character set may not be designated to the G0 set. There are three special cases for multi-byte codes. The code sequences ESC $ @, ESC $ A, and ESC $ B were all registered before the ISO/IEC 2022 standard was finalized, so must be accepted as synonyms for the sequences ESC $ ( @ through ESC $ ( B to designate to the G0 character set. The latter form may also be used, and may be adapted by changing the ( character to designate to the G1 through G3 character sets. The standard also defines a way to specify coding systems that do not follow its own structure. Of particular interest, the sequence ESC % G designates the UTF-8 coding system, which does not reserve the range 0x80–0x9F for control characters.


Comparison with other encodings[edit] Advantages[edit] As ISO/IEC 2022's entire range of 94-set graphical character encodings can be delegated to GL, the available glyphs are not significantly limited by an inability to represent GR and C1, such as in a system limited to 7-bit encodings. It accordingly enables the representation of large set of characters in such a system. Generally, this 7-bit compatibility is not really an advantage, except for backwards compatibility with older systems. The vast majority of modern computers use 8 bits for each byte. As compared to Unicode, ISO/IEC 2022 sidesteps Han unification by using sequence codes to switch between discrete encodings for different East Asian languages. This avoids the issues[citation needed] associated with unification, such as difficulty supporting multiple CJK languages with their associated character variants in a single document and font. Disadvantages[edit] Since ISO/IEC 2022 is a stateful encoding, a program cannot jump in the middle of a block of text to search, insert or delete characters. This makes manipulation of the text very cumbersome and slow when compared to non-stateful encodings. Any jump in the middle of the text may require a back up to the previous escape sequence before the bytes following the escape sequence can be interpreted. Due to the stateful nature of ISO/IEC 2022, an identical and equivalent character may be encoded in different character sets, which may be delegated to any of G0 through G3, which may be accessed using single shifts or by using locking shifts to GL or GR. Consequently, characters can be represented in multiple ways, meaning that two visually identical and equivalent strings can not be reliably compared for equality. Some systems, like DICOM and several e-mail clients, use a variant of ISO-2022 in addition to supporting several other encodings.[5] This type of variation makes it difficult to portably transfer text between computer systems. UTF-1, the multi-byte Unicode transformation format compatible with ISO/IEC 2022, has various disadvantages in comparison with UTF-8, and switching from or to other charsets, as supported by ISO/IEC 2022, is typically unnecessary in Unicode documents. Because of its escape sequences, it is possible to construct attack byte sequences that round-trip from ISO/IEC 2022 to Unicode and back. Use of this encoding is thus treated as suspicious by malware protection suites.[6][better source needed]


See also[edit] ISO 2709 ISO/IEC 646 ISO-IR-102 C0 and C1 control codes CJK MARC standards Mojibake luit ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2


References[edit] ^ "Standard ECMA 35" (PDF).  ^ RFC 1554 - ISO-2022-JP-2: Multilingual Extension of ISO-2022-JP. Tools.ietf.org. Retrieved on 2014-05-20. ^ "KS X 1001:1992" (PDF).  ^ "KS C 5601:1987" (PDF). 1988-10-01.  ^ "DICOM ISO 2022 variation".  ^ http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=935453 Lunde, Ken. CJKV Information Processing. Cambridge, Massachusetts: O'Reilly & Associates, 1998. ISBN 1-56592-224-7.


External links[edit] ISO/IEC 2022:1994 ISO/IEC 2022:1994/Cor 1:1999 ECMA-35, equivalent to ISO/IEC 2022 and freely downloadable. International Register of Coded Character Sets to be Used with Escape Sequences, a full list of assigned character sets and their escape sequences History of Character Codes in North America, Europe, and East Asia from 1999, rev. 2004 CJK.INF: a document on encoding Chinese, Japanese, and Korean (CJK) languages, including a discussion of the various variants of ISO/IEC 2022. RFCs RFC 1468: description of ISO-2022-JP RFC 2237: description of ISO-2022-JP-1 RFC 1554: description of ISO-2022-JP-2 RFC 1922: description of ISO-2022-CN and ISO-2022-CN-EXT RFC 1557: description of ISO-2022-KR v t e Character encodings Early telecommunications ASCII ISO/IEC 646 ISO/IEC 6937 T.61 BCDIC Baudot code Morse code Telegraph code Wabun code Special telegraphy codes Non-Latin Chinese Cyrillic Needle telegraph codes ISO/IEC 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 Bibliographic use ANSEL ISO 5426 / 5426-2 / 5427 / 5428 / 6438 / 6861 / 6862 / 10585 / 10586 / 10754 / 11822 MARC-8 National standards ArmSCII BraSCII CNS 11643 ELOT 927 GOST 10859 GB 18030 HKSCS ISCII JIS X 0201 JIS X 0208 JIS X 0212 JIS X 0213 KOI-7 KPS 9566 KS X 1001 PASCII SI 960 TIS-620 TSCII VISCII YUSCII EUC CN JP KR TW ISO/IEC 2022 CN JP KR CCCII MacOS code pages ("scripts") Arabic Celtic CentEuro ChineseSimp / EUC-CN ChineseTrad / Big5 Croatian Cyrillic Devanagari Dingbats Esperanto 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923 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 963 964 965 970 971 1004 1006 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1029 1036 1089 1111 1124 1129/1163 1133 1350 1382 1383 IBM Apple MacIntosh emulations 1275 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 IBM Adobe emulations 1038 1276 1277 IBM DEC emulations 1020 1021 1023 1090 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1287 1288 IBM HP emulations 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 Windows code pages CER-GS 874/1162 (TIS-620) 932/943 (Shift JIS) 936/1386 (GBK) 950/1370 (Big5) 949/1363 (EUC-KR) 1169 1174 Extended Latin-8 1200 (UTF-16LE) 1201 (UTF-16BE) 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1261 1270 54936 (GB18030) EBCDIC code pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37/1140 38 39 40 251 252 254 256 257 258 259 260 264 273/1141 274 275 276 277/1142 278/1143 279 280/1144 281 282 283 284/1145 285/1146 286 287 288 289 290 293 297/1147 298 300 310 320 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ISO/IEC_2022 - Photos and All Basic Informations

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Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalInternational Organization For StandardizationEcma InternationalCharacter EncodingLanguage FamilyLatin AlphabetGreek LanguageCyrillicArabic LanguageHebrew LanguageExtended ASCIIEast AsianChinese LanguageJapanese LanguageKorean LanguageBitByteDBCSEscape SequenceISO/IEC 646Extended Unix CodeGB2312Wikipedia:Citation NeededE-mailUnicodeUTF-8Escape SequenceShift InShift OutWikipedia:Citation NeededCCITTVideotexJIS X 0201JIS X 0208JIS X 0208JIS X 0212GB2312KSX1001ISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-7JIS X 0201JIS X 0213JIS X 0213JIS X 0213KSX1001GB2312CNS11643ISO-IR-165UTF-8Han UnificationWikipedia:Citation NeededCJK CharactersDICOMUTF-1UnicodeUTF-8Wikipedia:NOTRSISO 2709ISO/IEC 646Iso-ir-102C0 And C1 Control CodesCJKMARC StandardsMojibakeLuitISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-56592-224-7Request For CommentsTemplate:Character EncodingsTemplate Talk:Character EncodingsCharacter EncodingASCIIISO/IEC 646ISO/IEC 6937ITU T.61BCD (character Encoding)Baudot CodeMorse CodeTelegraph CodeWabun CodeMorse Code For Non-Latin AlphabetsChinese Telegraph CodeRussian Morse CodeCooke And Wheatstone TelegraphISO/IEC 8859ISO/IEC 8859-1ISO/IEC 8859-2ISO/IEC 8859-3ISO/IEC 8859-4ISO/IEC 8859-5ISO/IEC 8859-6ISO/IEC 8859-7ISO/IEC 8859-8ISO/IEC 8859-9ISO/IEC 8859-10ISO/IEC 8859-11ISO/IEC 8859-12ISO/IEC 8859-13ISO/IEC 8859-14ISO/IEC 8859-15ISO/IEC 8859-16ANSELISO 5426ISO 5428ISO 6438ISO 6862ArmSCIIMARC-8ArmSCIIBraSCIICNS 11643ELOT 927GOST 10859GB 18030Hong Kong Supplementary Character SetIndian Script Code For Information InterchangeJIS X 0201JIS X 0208JIS X 0212JIS X 0213KOI-7KPS 9566KS X 1001Perso-Arabic Script Code For Information InterchangeSI 960Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533Tamil Script Code For Information InterchangeVietnamese Standard Code For Information InterchangeYUSCIIExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeExtended Unix CodeISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 2022ISO/IEC 2022Chinese Character Code For Information InterchangeCategory:Mac OS Character EncodingsMacArabic EncodingMac OS CelticMacintosh Central European EncodingEUC-CNBig5MacCroatian EncodingMacintosh Cyrillic EncodingMac Devanagari EncodingMacEsperanto EncodingMacFarsi EncodingMac OS GaelicMacGreek EncodingMac Icelandic EncodingShift JISEUC-KRMacintosh Latin EncodingMac OS RomanMacRomanian EncodingMac OS SámiThai Industrial Standard 620-2533MacTurkish EncodingMacintosh Ukrainian EncodingCategory:DOS Code PagesCode Page 301Code Page 437Code Page 449Code Page 667Code Page 668Code Page 708Code Page 720Code Page 737Code Page 770Code Page 771Code Page 772Code Page 773Code Page 774Code Page 775Code Page 790Code Page 850Code Page 851Code Page 852Code Page 853Code Page 855Code Page 855Code Page 856Code Page 857Code Page 858Code Page 859Code Page 860Code Page 861Code Page 862Code Page 863Code Page 864Code Page 17248Code Page 865Code Page 866Code 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Page 1111Code Page 1124Code Page 1133Category:Mac OS Character EncodingsMac OS RomanMacGreek EncodingMacTurkish EncodingMacintosh Central European EncodingMacintosh Cyrillic EncodingMacCroatian EncodingMacRomanian EncodingMac Icelandic EncodingCode Page 1038Code Page 1276Digital Equipment CorporationCode Page 1020Code Page 1021Code Page 1023Code Page 1090Multinational Character SetCode Page 1101Code Page 1102Code Page 1103Code Page 1104Code Page 1105Code Page 1106Code Page 1107Code Page 1287Code Page 1288Hewlett-PackardCode Page 1050Code Page 1051Code Page 1057Windows Code PageCER-GSCode Page 1162Code Page 1162Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533Code Page 932 (Microsoft Windows)Code Page 943Shift JISCode Page 1386Code Page 1386GBK (character Encoding)Code Page 950Code Page 950Big5Unified Hangul CodeCode Page 1363EUC-KRExtended Latin-8Windows-1200UTF-16LEWindows-1201UTF-16BEWindows-1250Windows-1251Windows-1252Windows-1253Windows-1254Windows-1255Windows-1256Windows-1257Windows-1258Windows-1270Windows-54936EBCDICEBCDIC Code PagesEBCDIC 037EBCDIC 1140EBCDIC 038EBCDIC 252EBCDIC 273EBCDIC 1141EBCDIC 277EBCDIC 1142EBCDIC 278EBCDIC 1143EBCDIC 280EBCDIC 1144EBCDIC 284EBCDIC 1145EBCDIC 285EBCDIC 1146EBCDIC 293EBCDIC 297EBCDIC 1147Code Page 353Code Page 355Code Page 357Code Page 358Code Page 359Code Page 360EBCDIC 410EBCDIC 423EBCDIC 424EBCDIC 8616EBCDIC 12712EBCDIC 500EBCDIC 1148EBCDIC 870EBCDIC 1110EBCDIC 1153EBCDIC 871EBCDIC 1149EBCDIC 875EBCDIC 4971EBCDIC 9067EBCDIC 880EBCDIC 905EBCDIC 924Code Page 930Code Page 1390EBCDIC 1025EBCDIC 1154EBCDIC 1026EBCDIC 1155EBCDIC 1047JEF CodepageKEISRISC OS Character SetPostScript Standard EncodingApple II Character SetATASCIIAtari ST Character SetBitstream International Character SetCasio Calculator Character SetsCDC Display CodeDEC Radix-50Multinational Character SetNational 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Interface SpecificationISO 15292ISO 15398Common CriteriaJPEG 2000Motion JPEG 2000HTMLPDF417ISO/IEC 15504International Standard Identifier For Libraries And Related OrganizationsISO 15686ISO/IEC 15693International Standard Audiovisual NumberISO 15706-2International Standard Musical Work CodeISO 15897ISO 15919ISO 15924ISO 15926ISO 15926 WIPPDF/XMaxiCodeECMAScriptPDF/VTISO 16750ISO/TS 16949ISO/IEC 17024ISO/IEC 17025ISO 17100:2015Open Virtualization FormatSDMXLegal Entity IdentifierISO/IEC 27002ISO/IEC 18000QR CodeISO/IEC 18014ISO 18245Process Specification LanguagePhotographic Activity TestPDF/AISO 19011ISO 19092-1ISO 19092-2ISO 19114ISO 19115Simple Feature AccessISO 19136ISO 19439Common Object Request Broker ArchitectureUnified Modeling LanguageMeta-Object FacilityXML Metadata InterchangeUnified Modeling LanguageKnowledge Discovery MetamodelObject Constraint LanguageMeta-Object FacilityXML Metadata InterchangeBusiness Process Model And NotationISO 19600:2014ISO/IEC 19752RELAX NGISO/IEC 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Preferred NumbersIEC 60068Comparative Tracking IndexIEC 60228IEC 6026919-inch RackIEC 60309IEC 60320IEC 60364IEC 60446IEEE 754IEC 60601IEC 60870IEC 60870-5IEC 60870-6IEC 60906-1Compact Disc Digital AudioIEC 60929IEC 60958AES3S/PDIFIEC 61030IEC 61131IEC 61131-3FieldbusIEC 61162IEC 61334IEC 61346IEC 61355IEC 61400IEC 61499IEC 61508IEC 61511IEC 61850IEC 61851IEC 61883IEC 61960IEC 61968IEC 61970IP-XACTIEC 62056IEC 62061IEC 62196EN 62262IEC 62264IEC 62304IEC 62325IEC 62351AES47IEC 62366IEC 62379Digital Addressable Lighting InterfaceIEC 62455USBIEC 62682IEC 62700ISO/IEC 646ISO/IEC 4909ISO/IEC 5218ANSI Escape CodeISO/IEC 6523ISO/IEC 7810ISO/IEC 7811ISO/IEC 7812ISO/IEC 7813ISO/IEC 7816Graphical Kernel SystemOpen Document ArchitectureComputer Graphics MetafileISO/IEC 8652ISO/IEC 8859ISO/IEC 9126File Allocation TablePHIGSPHIGSANSI CPOSIXISO/IEC 9995ISO/IEC 10021ISO/IEC 10116Guidelines For The Definition Of Managed ObjectsDocument Style Semantics And Specification LanguageUniversal Coded 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