Contents 1 Location 2 Administrative Division of Huangpu District 3 History 3.1 Nanshi 3.2 Huangpu 3.3 Luwan 3.4 Merger in the 1990s and 2000s 4 Features 4.1 Huangpu 4.2 Nanshi 4.3 Luwan 5 Government and infrastructure 6 Transportation 6.1 Metro 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Location[edit] The Huangpu District is located in central Shanghai, People's Republic of China on the left bank (i.e., west or north bank) of Huangpu River, after which the district is named. It is opposite to Pudong and is bounded by Suzhou Creek to the north. Today's Huangpu District is sometimes referred to as "new Huangpu" to distinguish it from the pre-merger Huangpu District which existed before 2000. In 2000, the pre-merger Huangpu and Nanshi districts were combined to form a new district, also called Huangpu. In June 2011, the existing Huangpu District was combined with Luwan District to form a further new district, again called Huangpu. As a result of this merger, it currently has an area of 20.43 square kilometres (7.89 sq mi) and 678,670 inhabitants (as of 2010 census). Of the three previous districts that make up today's Huangpu, the pre-merger Huangpu District is located to the north, bounded by Suzhou Creek in the north and the Huangpu River to the east. South of the per-merger Huangpu District was Nanshi District, bounded by the Huangpu River to the east. West of Nanshi District was Luwan District, bounded by the Huangpu River to the south.

Administrative Division of Huangpu District[edit] Further information: List of township-level divisions of Shanghai Huangpu District has ten subdistricts. Name[1] Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Shanghainese Romanization Population (2010)[2] Area (km2) Bansongyuan Road Subdistrict 半淞园路街道 Bànsōngyuánlù Jiēdào peu son yeu lu ka do 89,776 2.87 Central Huaihai Road Subdistrict 淮海中路街道 Huáihǎi Zhōnglù Jiēdào wa he tzon lu ka do 57,931 1.41 Dapuqiao Subdistrict 打浦桥街道 Dǎpǔqiáo Jiēdào tan phu djio ka do 59,085 1.59 East Nanjing Road Subdistrict 南京东路街道 Nánjīng Dōnglù Jiēdào neu cin ton lu ka do 66,285 2.41 Laoximen Subdistrict 老西门街道 Lǎoxīmén Jiēdào lo sij men ka do 72,898 1.24 Ruijin Second Road Subdistrict 瑞金二路街道 Ruìjīn Èrlù Jiēdào zeu cin gnij lu ka do 49,360 1.98 Wuliqiao Subdistrict 五里桥街道 Wǔlǐqiáo Jiēdào ng lij djio ka do 82,403 3.09 Xiaodongmen Subdistrict 小东门街道 Xiǎodōngmén Jiēdào sio ton men ka do 74,994 2.59 Yuyuan Subdistrict 豫园街道 Yùyuán Jiēdào yu yeu ka do 61,042 1.19 Note: Nanshi District and Luwan District were merged with the former Huangpu District in June 2000 and June 2011 respectively to form the current Huangpu District

History[edit] Today's Huangpu District is the result of the merger of three long-standing districts of Shanghai: Nanshi, Huangpu and Luwan. Each of these have a distinct history and character. Nanshi[edit] Main articles: Nanshi District, Shanghai and Old City of Shanghai Commercial buildings near the City God Temple, in the former Nanshi District The former Nanshi District, literally "southern city", was the historical core of Shanghai. It included the old, walled city as well as the nearby docklands on both sides of the Huangpu River. Shanghai County was established at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty. A city wall was built to repel the Wokou, and this Ming Dynasty wall defined the extent of urban Shanghai for the next few centuries. In 1842, the area north of the old city was established as the British concession in Shanghai, which later became the Shanghai International Settlement. At the time, the concession was referred to by locals as the "northern city" while the walled Chinese city was the "southern city". From this reference was later derived the name Nanshi (Chinese: 南市; pinyin: Nánshì; Shanghainese: Nuezî; literally: "Southern city"). Upon the defeat of Japan at the end of World War II, a unified municipal administration was established over urban Shanghai for the first time since the mid 19th century. In 1945, after the Republic of China government took control, the old city was divided into the Third District (Yimiao District) and the Fourth District (Penglai District). In 1959 these were merged to form Nanshi District (with a small part of former Yimiao District merging into Luwan District). Huangpu[edit] Nanjing Road pedestrian mall, perhaps the busiest retail street in the city, in the pre-merger Huangpu district The pre-merger Huangpu District was largely located in the former Shanghai International Settlement. In the later part of the 19th century and the early 20th century, this area quickly became the commercial centre of Shanghai. The International Settlement was handed back to the Chinese government in 1943. In 1945, after the Republic of China government took control, the south eastern part of the former International Settlement was divided into the First District (Huangpu District) and the Second District (Laozha District). Of these, the First District lay on the bank of the Huangpu River, and so was named after the river. In 1956, the two districts were merged to form a new and expanded Huangpu District. Since 1943, the Shanghai Municipal Government has always been located in Huangpu District – first at the old Shanghai Municipal Council building, then in the old HSBC Building, and presently in a purpose-built building on People's Square. Luwan[edit] Main article: Luwan District A quiet leafy street in the former Shanghai French Concession, part of which eventually became Luwan district The former Luwan District occupied most of the eastern part of the former Shanghai French Concession and some nearby areas. This area was long regarded as the premier residential and high end commercial area of Shanghai. It is known for its leafy streets lined with London planes, cafes and restaurants, high end retail and historical houses. In 1945, after the Republic of China government took control, the eastern-central part of the former French Concession was divided into the Fifth District (Taishan) and the Sixth District (Lujiawan), separated by South Chongqing Road and Luban Road. Of these, the Sixth District was named after Lokawei (Chinese: 卢家湾; pinyin: Lújiāwān), "Lu's Bay", an area named after a bend on the Zhaojiabang creek. The main police depot and prison of the French concession was located here. In 1947, Taishan District was renamed "Songshan District". In 1950, Lujiawan District was renamed "Luwan District". In 1956, Songshan District was merged into Luwan District. In 1959, part of former Yimiao District was also merged into Luwan District. Merger in the 1990s and 2000s[edit] The district boundaries remained largely unchanged between 1959 and 1993. In 1993, the part of Nanshi east of the Huangpu River was merged into the Pudong New District. In 2000, the Shanghai Municipal Government abolished Nanshi District entirely, merging it into Huangpu District. In 2011, the merger of Luwan District with Huangpu District was announced. On June 8, 2011, it was announced that the proposed plan of merging Luwan and Huangpu Districts had been approved by the State Council.[3]

Features[edit] The Bund at night. Despite the mergers, the three previous districts which make up today's Huangpu District retain their distinct characters. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Huangpu[edit] The pre-merger Huangpu District was long the commercial centre of Shanghai. Along the Huangpu riverfront were located the major docks of Shanghai. Behind the docks, on the Bund, were offices of major financial institutions and trading houses. Extending from the Bund westward are several major commercial streets. These include the East Nanjing Road, popular with visitors from around the country. Fuzhou Road is the centre of bookselling in Shanghai, featuring large scale general and specialist book shops and publishers. The People's Square, previously the Shanghai race course, is now the site of the Shanghai Grand Theatre, Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Art Museum, and the Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Hall. The Shanghai Natural History Museum is also located in Huangpu District. Nanshi[edit] The old Nanshi district is the old, walled city of Shanghai, and retains a number of important sights, including City God Temple and the nearby Yuyuan Garden. The old city is undergoing extensive redevelopment, with the existing houses being replaced by high rise apartment buildings as well as modern constructions with traditional Chinese style facades. The boundaries of the walled city can still be traced in the form of a wide ring road built over the course of the old city wall and moat. The city wall has almost entirely been demolished, except for one tower and a short section of wall attached to it, which survived because the tower was converted into a temple in the medieval period. Luwan[edit] The old Luwan district was a part of the old French Concession area, traditionally one of the most prestigious sections of the city. It was famous for its boulevards lined with plane trees, which had been imported over 100 years ago. Despite rampant redevelopment, the district retains a distinct character and is a tourist attraction in itself. The district included the historical residences of Sun Yat-sen, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Agnes Smedley and Mei Lanfang, among many others. Huaihai Road is the major commercial thoroughfare in this part of the city.

Government and infrastructure[edit] The Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in Shanghai is in The Headquarters Building in Huangpu District.[4]

Transportation[edit] Metro[edit] Huangpu is currently served by six metro lines operated by Shanghai Metro:      Line 1 – South Shaanxi Road  10 , South Huangpi Road, People's Square  2  8 , Xinzha Road Station      Line 2 – People's Square  1  8 , East Nanjing Road  10       Line 4 – Nanpu Bridge, South Xizang Road  8 , Luban Road      Line 8 – People's Square  1  2 , Dashijie, Laoximen  10 , Lujiabang Road  9 , South Xizang Road  4       Line 9 – Dapuqiao, Madang Road, Lujiabang Road Station  8 , Xiaonanmen Station      Line 10 – South Shaanxi Road  1 , Xintiandi, Laoximen  8 , Yuyuan Garden, East Nanjing Road  2 

See also[edit] Shanghai portal Old City of Shanghai Shanghai International Settlement Shanghai French Concession and Luwan District

References[edit] ^ "黄浦区-行政区划网" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.  ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.  ^ 搜狐:上海宣布黄浦区和卢湾区建制撤销 将设新黄浦区 ^ "Arrangements for Entry to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) from the Mainland China." Hong Kong Immigration Department. Retrieved on May 28, 2017. "The Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in Shanghai 21/F, The Headquarters Building, 168 Xizang Road (M), Huangpu District Shanghai 200001 People's Republic of China."

Further reading[edit] "Huangpu District". Encyclopedia of Shanghai. Shanghai Municipal Government. 2010. Archived from the original on 2013-03-02. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huangpu District, Shanghai. Official site v t e Shanghai Architecture Economy Geography History Timeline Politics Administrative divisions Huangpu Xuhui Changning Jing'an Putuo Hongkou Yangpu Minhang Baoshan Jiading Pudong Shanghai Free-Trade Zone Jinshan Songjiang Qingpu Fengxian Chongming Defunct divisions Nanshi Luwan Wusong Nanhui Zhabei Chuansha County Shanghai County Areas Old City Qibao French Concession International Settlement People's Square Xujiahui Thames Town Streets The Bund Nanjing Road Huaihai Road Yan'an Road Hengshan Road Wukang Road Duolun Road Attractions 1933 Old Millfun Great World Happy Valley Shanghai Jinjiang Action Park Oriental Art Center Shanghai Concert Hall Shanghai Disney Resort Shanghai Grand Theatre Shanghai Exhibition Centre Shanghai New International Expo Center Tianzifang Xintiandi Yuyuan Garden Culture and demographics Shikumen Longtang Shanghainese language Shanghainese cuisine Shanghainese people Haipai Shanghai opera Hotels Peace Hotel Jinjiang Hotel Broadway Mansions Grand Hyatt Shanghai Museums China Art Museum First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party Power Station of Art Rockbund Art Museum Shanghai Museum Natural History Museum Shanghai Science and Technology Museum Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Hall Parks Century Park Huangpu Park Lu Xun Park People's Park Shanghai Zoo Zhongshan Park Places of worship Buddhist Jade Buddha Temple Jing'an Temple Longhua Temple Christian Holy Trinity Church She Shan Basilica St Ignatius Cathedral St Joseph's Church St Nicholas' Church St Peter's Church Other City God Temple Wen Miao Skyscrapers Jin Mao Tower K11 Oriental Pearl Tower Shanghai World Financial Center Shimao International Plaza Shanghai Tower Sports venues Hongkou Football Stadium Jiangwan Sports Center Shanghai Stadium Yuanshen Sports Centre Stadium Jinshan Sports Centre Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena Shanghai Indoor Stadium Shanghai International Circuit Shanghai Street Circuit Tianma Circuit Zhabei Stadium Transport Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport Shanghai Pudong International Airport Port of Shanghai Shanghai Metro Shanghai Public Transport Card Maglev Train Shanghai railway station Shanghai South railway station Hongqiao railway station Trams in Shanghai Zhangjiang Tram Buses in Shanghai Trolleybuses in Shanghai Shanghai Ferry Universities National Fudan University Shanghai Jiao Tong University East China Normal University Tongji University Shanghai University of Finance and Economics Shanghai International Studies University Municipal Shanghai University ShanghaiTech University Sports Shanghai Shenhua Shanghai SIPG Shanghai Shenxin Shanghai Sharks Category Commons Retrieved from ",_Shanghai&oldid=782593771" Categories: Districts of ShanghaiHuangpu District, ShanghaiHidden categories: CS1 Chinese-language sources (zh)Articles needing additional references from July 2009All articles needing additional referencesArticles containing Chinese-language textCoordinates on WikidataArticles with hAudio microformats

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