Contents 1 Life 2 Hawaii 3 Legacy and honors 4 Return 5 Legacy 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Life[edit] Bingham was descended from Deacon Thomas Bingham, who immigrated to the American colonies in 1650 and settled in Connecticut. He was born October 30, 1789, in Bennington, Vermont, one of thirteen children of his mother Lydia and father Calvin Bingham.[1] He attended Middlebury College and the Andover Theological Seminary.[2] After breaking his first engagement, Bingham found a new bride, Sybil Mosley. He needed to be married to be accepted as a missionary. On October 23, 1819, the young couple sailed out of Boston aboard the brig Thaddeus, along with Asa and Lucy Goodale Thurston, to lead a mission in the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.[3]

Hawaii[edit] Bingham and his wife arrived first on the Island of Hawaii in 1820, and sailed on to Honolulu on Oahu on April 19. In 1823, Queen Kaʻahumanu and six high chiefs requested baptism. Soon after, the Hawaiian government banned prostitution and drunkenness, which resulted in the shipping industry and the foreign community resenting Bingham's influence.[4] Bingham wrote extensively about the natives and was critical of their land-holding regime and of their "state of civilization." Bingham supported the introduction of market values along with Christianity. Those writings are now used by historians to illustrate the imperial values that were central to the attitudes of the United States towards Hawaii.[5] Bingham was involved in the creation of the spelling system for writing the Hawaiian Language, and also translated some books of the Bible into Hawaiian.[6] Bingham designed the Kawaiahaʻo Church in Honolulu on the Hawaiian Island of Oʻahu. The church was constructed between 1836 and 1842 in the New England style typical of the Hawaiian missionaries. It is one of the oldest standing Christian places of worship in Hawaiʻi. Bingham used his influence with Queen Kaʻahumanu to instigate a strongly anti-Catholic policy in Hawaii, considerably impeding the work of the French Catholic missionary Alexis Bachelot and resulting in decades of persecution of Hawaiians who were converted to Catholicism. This was motivated by opposition to the spread of French influence in Hawaii as well as by the religious Protestant-Catholic rivalry and enmity.

Legacy and honors[edit] A math building in Punahou School is named after Bingham. Bingham Tract School was an academically rigorous elementary school named for him that operated on the Bingham lands until the mid-1990s.

Return[edit] The board grew concerned that Bingham was interfering too often in Hawaiian politics and recalled him. The Binghams left August 3, 1840 and reached New England February 4, 1841.[7] It was intended to be a sabbatical due to Sybil's poor health, but the board refused to reappoint Bingham as a missionary, even after Sybil's death on February 27, 1848. He published a memoir, A Residence of Twenty-One Years in the Sandwich Islands in 1847.[8] Bingham remained in New England, where he served as the pastor of an African-American church. He remarried to Naomi Morse in 1852, who ran a girls' school. He died November 11, 1869 and was buried at Grove Street Cemetery, in New Haven, Connecticut. Leonard Bacon gave the address at his funeral.[1]

Legacy[edit] Bingham's son, Hiram Bingham II, was also a missionary to the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. His daughter Lydia married the later Hawaiian missionary Titus Coan. His grandson Hiram Bingham III was an explorer who brought Machu Picchu to the attention of the west and became a US Senator and Governor of Connecticut. His great-grandson Hiram Bingham IV was the US Vice Consul in Marseilles, France during World War II who rescued Jews from the Holocaust. Another great-grandson, Jonathan Brewster Bingham, was a long-time Reform Democratic Congressman from The Bronx from the mid-1960s through the early 1980s. In World War II, the United States liberty ship SS Hiram Bingham was named in his honor. It was hull number 1726. Bingham was caricatured as the character Reverend Abner Hale in James Michener's novel Hawaii.[6]

References[edit] ^ a b "Congregational Necrology". The Congregational quarterly. Volume 13. American Congregational Association. pp. 593–596.  ^ Sarah Johnson and Eileen Moffett (Spring 2006). "Lord, Send Us: A Kaleidoscope of evangelists". Christian History & Biography. 90: 37–38.  ^ Lucy Goodale Thurston (1872). Life and Times of Mrs. Lucy G. Thurston: Wife of Rev. Asa Thurston, Pioneer Missionary to the Sandwich Islands. reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2007. ISBN 978-1-4325-4547-5.  ^ Fortune, Kate. 2000. Hiram Bingham. The Pacific Islands: An Encyclopedia, ed. by Brij V. Lala and Kate Fortune, p. 188. University of Hawai'i Press ^ Alfred L. Brophy, How Missionaries Thought: About Property Law, For Instance, Hawaii Law Review (2008) 30: 373-99. ^ a b David Stowe (1999). "Bingham, Hiram". In Gerald H. Anderson. Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions. William B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 63–64. ISBN 978-0-8028-4680-8.  ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society (1901). Portraits of American Protestant missionaries to Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaiian gazette co. p. 2.  ^ Hiram Bingham I (1855) [1848]. A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (Third ed.). H.D. Goodwin. 

Further reading[edit] Hiram Bingham I (1988). Char Miller, ed. Selected writings of Hiram Bingham, Missionary to the Hawaiian Islands: To Raise the Lord's Banner. E. Mellen Press, Lewiston, NY. ISBN 978-0-88946-675-3.  Char Miller (1982). Fathers and sons, the Bingham family and the American mission. Temple University Press. ISBN 978-0-87722-248-4. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hiram Bingham (missionary born 1789). Darlene E. Kelley (November 19, 2000). "Queen Kaahumanu — Part 2: First Arrival of Missionaries". Keepers of the Culture. U.S. GenWeb Archives web site. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved 2010-02-20.  Hiram Bingham at Find a Grave v t e Protestant missions to the Pacific Islands Background Christianity Protestantism Missions timeline Missionaries South Pacific List of missionaries to Hawaii Missionary agencies American Board Baptist Missionary Society Church Missionary Society London Missionary Society Mission to the World South Seas Evangelical Church Miscellaneous Bible translations into Oceanic languages Christianity Portal v t e Christianity in Hawaii Christian groups in Hawaii Church of Hawaiʻi Eastern Catholic Episcopal Latter-day Saints Lutheran New Hope Orthodox Roman Catholic Southern Baptist Historic chapels Imiola Hōlualoa Church of the Crossroads Haili Kaʻahumanu Lāʻie Makawao Maria Lanakila Mokuʻaikaua Kawaiahaʻo Star of the Sea St. Andrew St. Benedict St. Joseph St. Michael the Archangel Waiola Waiʻoli Wānanalua Missionaries W. P. Alexander Lorrin Andrews Richard Armstrong Alexis Bachelot Dwight Baldwin Hiram Bingham I Hiram Bingham II Sereno Edwards Bishop Elias Bond Libert H. Boeynaems Titus Coan A. S. Cooke Marianne Cope Peter Coudrin Samuel C. Damon Father Damien Sheldon Dibble Daniel Dole William Ellis J. S. Green P. J. Gulick Merriman Harris H. R. Hitchcock Charles McEwen Hyde Gerrit P. Judd David Lyman Lorenzo Lyons Louis Maigret John D. Paris W. H. Rice William Richards Thomas Staley Betsey Stockton John M. Systermans Asa Thurston Abner Wilcox Native Christians William Hoapili Kaʻauwai Kapiʻolani Keōpūolani James Kekela Joel Hulu Mahoe David Malo Jonatana Napela Henry Opukahaia Puaaiki Other articles Edict of Toleration French Invasion Laplace affair v t e Kawaiahaʻo Church Kahus (pastors) Kahus Hiram Bingham (1820–1840) Richard Armstrong (1840–1848) Ephraim Weston Clark (1848–1863) Henry Hodges Parker (1863–1917) Akaiko Akana (1918–1933) William Kamau (1934–1940) Edward Kahale (1937–1957) Abraham Akaka (1957–1984) William H. Kaina (1984–1997) James Fung (2000–2002) Curtis P. Kekuna (2004–) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 30368460 LCCN: n50009373 ISNI: 0000 0000 8110 1436 GND: 120498731 SNAC: w67m1gt4 Retrieved from "" Categories: 1789 births1869 deathsPeople from Bennington, VermontAmerican people of English descentAmerican Congregationalist missionariesCongregationalist missionaries in HawaiiAmerican expatriates in the Kingdom of HawaiiTranslators of the Bible into Polynesian languagesBurials at Grove Street CemeteryHidden categories: Pages using infobox person with unknown parametersInfobox person using religionBiography with signatureArticles with hCardsFind a Grave template with ID same as WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

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Bingham (disambiguation)Bennington, VermontMiddlebury CollegeChristianityKawaiahaʻo ChurchHiram Bingham IIEnlargeSamuel MorseProtestantMissionaryChristianityHawaiian IslandsNew EnglandConnecticutBennington, VermontMiddlebury CollegeAndover Theological SeminaryAsa And Lucy Goodale ThurstonHawaiiAmerican Board Of Commissioners For Foreign MissionsHawaii (island)HonoluluKaahumanuHawaiian LanguageKawaiahaʻo ChurchOahuAlexis BachelotPunahou SchoolNew EnglandGrove Street CemeteryNew Haven, ConnecticutLeonard BaconHiram Bingham IIKingdom Of HawaiiTitus CoanHiram Bingham IIIExplorerMachu PicchuConnecticutHiram Bingham IVMarseillesFranceWorld War IIJewThe HolocaustJonathan Brewster BinghamThe BronxLiberty ShipReverend Abner HaleJames MichenerHawaii (novel)Lucy Goodale ThurstonInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-4325-4547-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8028-4680-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-88946-675-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-87722-248-4Find A GraveTemplate:Protestant Missions To Pacific IslandsTemplate Talk:Protestant Missions To Pacific IslandsChristianityProtestantismTimeline Of Christian MissionsList Of Missionaries To The South PacificList Of Missionaries To HawaiiAmerican Board Of Commissioners For Foreign MissionsBMS World MissionChurch Mission SocietyLondon Missionary SocietyMission To The WorldSouth Seas Evangelical ChurchBible Translations Into Oceanic LanguagesPortal:ChristianityTemplate:Christianity In HawaiiTemplate Talk:Christianity In HawaiiChurch Of HawaiiEastern Catholic Community In HawaiiEpiscopal Diocese Of HawaiiThe Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-day Saints In HawaiiCalifornia-Nevada-Hawaii District (LCMS)New Hope Christian FellowshipOrthodox Church In HawaiiRoman Catholic Diocese Of HonoluluHawaii Pacific Baptist ConventionImiola ChurchHale Halawai O HolualoaChurch Of The CrossroadsWaiakea Mission Station-Hilo StationKa'ahumanu ChurchLaie Hawaii TempleMakawao Union ChurchMaria Lanakila Catholic ChurchMokuaikaua ChurchKawaiahaʻo ChurchStar Of The Sea Painted ChurchCathedral Church Of Saint Andrew, HonoluluSt. Benedict's Catholic Church (Honaunau, Hawaii)Saint Joseph Catholic Church (Hilo, Hawaii)St. Michael The Archangel Church (Kailua-Kona, Hawaii)Waiola ChurchWaioli Mission DistrictWananalua Congregational ChurchList Of Missionaries To HawaiiWilliam Patterson AlexanderLorrin AndrewsRichard Armstrong (Hawaii)Alexis BachelotDwight Baldwin (missionary)Hiram Bingham IISereno Edwards BishopElias BondLibert H. 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SystermansAsa And Lucy Goodale ThurstonAbner WilcoxWilliam Hoapili KaʻauwaiKapiʻolani (chiefess)KeōpūolaniJames KekelaJoel Hulu MahoeDavid MaloJonatana NapelaHenry OpukahaiaPuaaikiEdict Of Toleration (Hawaii)French Invasion Of HonoluluLaplace AffairTemplate:Kawaiahaʻo Church KahusTemplate Talk:Kawaiahaʻo Church KahusRichard Armstrong (Hawaii)Akaiko AkanaAbraham AkakaHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSNACHelp:CategoryCategory:1789 BirthsCategory:1869 DeathsCategory:People From Bennington, VermontCategory:American People Of English DescentCategory:American Congregationalist MissionariesCategory:Congregationalist Missionaries In HawaiiCategory:American Expatriates In The Kingdom Of HawaiiCategory:Translators Of The Bible Into Polynesian LanguagesCategory:Burials At Grove Street CemeteryCategory:Pages Using Infobox Person With Unknown ParametersCategory:Infobox Person Using ReligionCategory:Biography With SignatureCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:Find A Grave Template With ID Same As WikidataCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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