Contents 1 United States and Canada 1.1 Freeways 1.2 Arterials 1.3 Collectors 1.4 Local roads 2 Europe 2.1 United Kingdom 2.1.1 Motorway 2.1.2 Primary A-road 2.1.3 Non-primary A-road 2.1.4 B road 2.1.5 C road 2.1.6 Unclassified 2.2 France 2.2.1 Autoroutes 2.2.2 Route Nationale 2.2.3 Routes Départementales 2.2.4 Routes Communales 2.3 Hungary 2.4 Poland 2.5 Romania 3 See also 4 External links

United States and Canada[edit] Vehicle miles traveled in USA VMT Rural VMT Urban Source RITA DOT[1] ^ Bureau of Transportation Statistics (n.d.). "Table 2-18: Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Vehicle-Miles, and Associated Rates by Highway Functional System". National Transportation Statistics. United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 10, 2017.  Freeways[edit] At the top of the hierarchy are limited access roads Freeways or Expressways, including most toll roads. These roads provide largely uninterrupted travel, often using partial or full access control, and are designed for high speeds. Some freeways have collector/distributor lanes (also known as local lanes) which further reduce the number of access ramps that directly interface with the freeway; rather, the freeway periodically interfaces with these parallel roadways, which themselves have multiple on and off-ramps. These allow the freeway to operate with less friction at an even higher speed and with higher flow. Often freeways are included in the next category, arterials. Arterials[edit] Arterials are major through roads that are expected to carry large volumes of traffic. Arterials are often divided into major and minor arterials, and rural and urban arterials. In some places there are large divided roads with few or no driveways that cannot be called freeways because they have occasional at-grade intersections with traffic lights that stop traffic (expressways in California, dual carriageways in Britain) or they are just too short (superarterials in Nevada). Such roads are usually classified as arterials. Frontage roads are often used to reduce the conflict between the high-speed nature of an arterial and property access concerns. Collectors[edit] Collectors (not to be confused with collector lanes, which reduce weaving on freeways), collect traffic from local roads, and distribute it to arterials. Traffic using a collector is usually going to or coming from somewhere nearby. Local roads[edit] At the bottom of the hierarchy are local streets and roads. These roads have the lowest speed limit, and carry low volumes of traffic. In some areas, these roads may be unpaved.

Europe[edit] Most of Europe as a legal system based on European and international treaties which define at European/international level three types of road: motorways, express roads, and other roads. This vision comes from the 20th century and is limited to traffic code and legal issues. In facts each nation has its own Hierarchy of roads, although there is also a European road numbering at European level, for European roads. Most of Europe has adopted Motorways (Autoroutes/Autobahns/Autopistas/Autostrade), usually similar to those in France and the UK. The idea was originally developed in Germany, where all motorways are toll-free, and has spread widely. All major through routes in the EU and neighbouring countries have a European E-Road number in addition, or in the case of some countries' motorways, instead of a national number. In the UK these numbers are not displayed. Otherwise, most other European countries have some form of differentiating between national routes, regional and inter-regional roads and other local routes. United Kingdom[edit] Motorway[edit] Motorways, similar to freeways, these high-speed roads are designated with an M prefix or (M) suffix. e.g. M1, A1(M). The speed limit is generally 70 miles per hour (110 km/h) and there is a hard shoulder, an often slightly narrower lane next to lane 1, which is usually only to be used in cases of an emergency. Emergency telephones are located every mile along the route so motorists with broken-down vehicles can contact the authorities, although this is increasingly being done using mobile phones. Signs are blue with white text for both destinations and motorway numbers. In general, junctions are given numbers which are displayed prominently, sometimes with a letter suffix, in a small black box on all the signs for any given junction. Junctions are generally signed one mile before they exit, with three or four further signs as the junction is reached, although on busy urban stretches this first warning can reduce to about ⅓mile. Cyclists, pedestrians, mopeds, very slow vehicles and certain other traffic are banned. Primary A-road[edit] Green on maps and signs. A main recommended route these can be single track as in North West Sutherland or more usually single carriageway or dual carriageway. The primary road network is fully connected, meaning you can reach any part from any other without leaving the network. Some of the major dual carriageway primary routes have numbered junctions or hard shoulders in the style of the Continental semi-motorways. Many Primary Routes are largely or wholly subject to clearway restrictions, and in major cities they may be classed as red routes. Emergency telephones, if present at all, are usually infrequent - there may be some additional telephones operated by the UK's two main motoring organisations, the RAC and the AA, but these are becoming rarer. Non-primary A-road[edit] Often exists where the route is important but there is a nearby primary route (A or motorway) which duplicates this road's function. Shown as red on maps, and has white signage with black lettering. Some non-Primary A-class roads are partially subject to clearway restrictions. B road[edit] Regional in nature and used to connect areas of lesser importance. Usually shown as brown or yellow on maps and have the same white signs as non-Primary A-Class routes. If the route is primary, like the B6261, then it will be shown the same as a Primary A-Class route. C road[edit] C roads are used as local authority designations for routes within their area for administrative purposes. These routes are not shown on road maps, but have occasionally been known to appear on road signs. Unclassified[edit] Unclassified roads are local roads with no defined destination. Local destinations may, however, be signed along them. France[edit] In France, one hierarchy of road is based on the owner who manage the road. Independently of that roads can have various specificities such as speed or crossings. Autoroutes[edit] Along with the rest of Europe, France has Motorways or Autoroutes similar to the British network. Unlike in the UK, the network is mostly accessible on payment of a toll, which is usually distance-dependent; there are generally more Toll (péage) Motorways in the South of France. However, sections passing through or close to major towns and cities are usually free. As in the UK, destinations reached via a motorway are shown with white text on a blue background. Junctions are usually numbered, the numbers being shown on signs in a small oval in the corner of the sign. Route Nationale[edit] Before the construction of Autoroutes, the Routes Nationales were the highest classification of road. They are denoted by a route number beginning N, or occasionally, RN. Going back to a Napoleonic road classification system, these are main roads comparable with British Primary Routes. They are maintained directly by the state and are usually the shortest route between major centres. Many N-Class roads are dual carriageway for some or all of their length, with a few also being given the designation of semi-motorway, where junctions are grade-separated and there is a central reservation with crash barrier. The hard shoulder, or bande d'arrêt d'urgence, is often narrower than on full motorways and there are fewer emergency telephones. Routes Départementales[edit] France (including overseas territory) is split into 100 departments, the second-highest tier of local government, similar to a UK county or US state. The departments have responsibility for all roads beginning with a letter D, or occasionally RD. These roads vary in quality, from newly built local dual carriageways and downgraded Routes Nationales to winding roads that are barely wide enough for traffic to pass. Generally, they are quieter than the Routes Nationales, and of a reasonable standard. Routes Communales[edit] In general, each settlement in France is a Commune - akin to a British Civil Parish. This most local level of government is responsible for maintaining all the local roads, which are numbered with a letter C prefix. Except in major towns and cities, where their numbers are usually not marked on signs, they are usually single-track and may be in a state of poor repair due to the large number of roads covered by populations as small as 10. Hungary[edit] Hungarian road categories are as follows: Gyorsforgalmi út (controlled-access highway): Autópálya (motorway): 2+2 travel lanes and 1+1 emergency lane, central reservation, no at-grade intersections, speed limit: 130 km/h Gyorsút (high-speed highway): 2+2 travel lanes, central reservation, few at-grade intersections, speed limit: 110 km/h Autóút (expressway): 2+2, 2+1 or 1+1 travel lanes, central reservation, some at-grade intersections, speed limit: 110 km/h Főút (arterial road or main road) (with one digit in their name, e.g.: 6-os út) Megyei út (County road) (with two digits, e.g.: 16-os út) Helyi út (local road) (with three or more digits) etc. Poland[edit] Polish road categories are as follows: National roads (Drogi krajowe) – trunk roads, international E-road (motorways and express roads) Voivodeship road (Drogi wojewódzkie) – regional roads County roads (Drogi powiatowe) – local roads Communal roads (Drogi gminne) – communal and municipal roads Romania[edit] In Romania the roads are classified as: Autostrăzi (A) - Motorways Dumuri naționale și europene (DN, E) - National and European roads Dumuri naționale (DN) - National roads Dumuri județene (DJ) - County roads Dumuri comunale (DC) - Communal roads

See also[edit] Street hierarchy

External links[edit] FHWA - Functional Classification v t e Streets and roadways Types of road Limited-access Freeway / Motorway Dual carriageway / Divided highway / Expressway Elevated highway By country Australia Brazil China Croatia Czech Republic Germany Greece Hong Kong India Ireland Italy Pakistan Portugal Spain United Kingdom United States Main roads Arterial road Collector road County highway Express-collector setup Farm-to-market road Highway Link road Two-lane expressway 2+1 road 2+2 road Parkway Super two Trunk road Highway systems by country Local roads Alley Backroad Bicycle boulevard Boulevard Country lane Dead end Driveway Frontage road Green lane Main street Primitive road Road Side road Single carriageway Single-track road Street Sunken lane Other terms Channelization Concurrency Detour Hierarchy of roads Private highway Route number Special route Business route Street hierarchy Toll road Road junctions Interchanges (grade-separated) Cloverleaf Diamond Free-flow Directional T Diverging diamond Parclo Raindrop Roundabout Single-point urban (SPUI) Stack Three-level diamond Trumpet Intersections (at-grade) 3-way junction Bowtie Box junction Continuous flow Hook turn Jughandle Michigan left Offset T-intersection Protected intersection Quadrant roadway Right-in/right-out (RIRO) Roundabout Seagull intersection Split intersection Superstreet Texas U-turn Traffic circle Turnaround Surfaces Asphalt concrete Bioasphalt Brick Chipseal Cobblestone Concrete Reinforced concrete Corduroy Crocodile cracking Crushed stone Diamond grinding of pavement Dirt Full depth recycling Glassphalt Gravel Ice Macadam Pavement milling Permeable Plank Rubberized asphalt Sealcoat Sett Stamped asphalt Tarmac Texture Road hazards Aquaplaning Black ice Bleeding Crosswind Dead Man's Curve Expansion joint Fog Ford Hairpin turn Level crossing Manhole cover Oil spill Oversize load Pothole Road debris Road slipperiness Road train Roadkill Rockfall Rut Speed bump Storm drain Washboarding Washout Whiteout Space and time allocation Barrier transfer machine Bicycle lane Climbing lane Complete streets Contraflow lane Contraflow lane reversal High-occupancy toll lane High-occupancy vehicle lane Lane Living street Managed lane Median / Central reservation Motorcycle lane Passing lane Pedestrian crossing Pedestrian zone Refuge island Reversible lane Road diet Road verge Runaway truck ramp Shared space Sidewalk / Pavement Shoulder Street running railway Traffic calming Traffic directionality Traffic island Traffic lanes Traffic signal preemption Unused highway Wide outside lane Woonerf Demarcation Bollard Botts' dots Cable barrier Cat's eye (road) Concrete step barrier Constant-slope barrier Curb F-Shape barrier Guard rail Jersey barrier Kassel kerb Noise barrier Raised pavement marker Road surface marking Rumble strip Traffic barrier Traffic cone Structures Bridge Causeway Overpass / Flyover Underpass / Tunnel Glossary of road transport terms Road types by features Retrieved from "" Categories: Road transportTypes of roadsHidden categories: Pages with graphs

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages Bahasa Indonesia Edit links This page was last edited on 19 October 2017, at 08:42. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.180","walltime":"0.221","ppvisitednodes":{"value":425,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":56730,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":260,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":9,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":0,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 149.892 1 -total"," 29.95% 44.895 1 Template:Cite_web"," 28.28% 42.389 3 Template:Navbox"," 25.59% 38.352 1 Template:Convert"," 22.03% 33.026 1 Template:Road_types"," 19.79% 29.656 2 Template:Graph:Chart"," 2.75% 4.125 2 Template:Longitem"," 1.29% 1.927 7 Template:\\"," 1.16% 1.741 2 Template:Nobold"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.076","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":3229077,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1332","timestamp":"20180308191728","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":83,"wgHostname":"mw1239"});});

Hierarchy_of_roads - Photos and All Basic Informations

Hierarchy_of_roads More Links

EnlargeRoadHierarchyAccess ManagementReal EstateFreewayControlled-access HighwayToll RoadControlled-access HighwayCollector/distributor LaneArterial RoadTraffic LightsLimited-access RoadCaliforniaDual CarriagewayUnited KingdomNevadaFrontage RoadCollector RoadCollector LaneGrade SeparationStreetRoadMotorwayEuropean UnionInternational E-road NetworkMotorwaysMobile PhoneDual CarriagewayHard ShoulderEuropeClearwayRed RouteRAC PlcThe Automobile AssociationAutoroutes Of FranceRoute Nationale (France)Departments Of FranceDual CarriagewayRoutes NationaleCommune (France)Highways In HungaryNational Roads In PolandTrunk RoadInternational E-road NetworkHighways In PolandVoivodeship RoadVoivodeshipRegional Road (disambiguation)PowiatGminaStreet HierarchyTemplate:Road TypesTemplate Talk:Road TypesTypes Of RoadLimited-access RoadControlled-access HighwayDual CarriagewayElevated HighwayCategory:Limited-access Roads By CountryHighways In AustraliaBrazilian Highway SystemExpressways Of ChinaHighways In CroatiaHighways In The Czech RepublicAutobahnHighways In GreeceList Of Streets And Roads In Hong KongIndian Road NetworkHigh-quality Dual CarriagewayAutostrade Of ItalyRoads In PakistanRoads In PortugalHighways In SpainRoads In The United KingdomNumbered Highways In The United StatesArterial RoadCollector RoadCounty HighwayLocal-express LanesFarm-to-market RoadHighwayLink RoadTwo-lane Expressway2+1 Road2+2 RoadParkwaySuper TwoTrunk RoadHighway Systems By CountryAlleyBackroadBicycle BoulevardBoulevardCountry LaneDead End (street)DrivewayFrontage RoadGreen Lane (road)Main StreetPrimitive RoadRoadSide RoadSingle CarriagewaySingle-track RoadStreetSunken LaneChannelization (roads)Concurrency (road)DetourPrivate HighwayRoute NumberSpecial RouteBusiness RouteStreet HierarchyToll RoadJunction (road)Interchange (road)Grade SeparationCloverleaf InterchangeDiamond InterchangeFree-flow InterchangeInterchange (road)Diverging Diamond InterchangePartial Cloverleaf InterchangeRaindrop InterchangeRoundabout InterchangeSingle-point Urban InterchangeStack InterchangeThree-level Diamond InterchangeInterchange (road)Intersection (road)Three-way JunctionBowtie (road)Box JunctionContinuous-flow IntersectionHook TurnJughandleMichigan LeftOffset T-intersectionProtected IntersectionQuadrant Roadway IntersectionRight-in/right-outRoundaboutSeagull IntersectionSplit IntersectionSuperstreetTexas U-turnTraffic CircleTurnaround (road)Road SurfaceAsphalt ConcreteBioasphaltBrickChipsealCobblestoneConcreteReinforced ConcreteCorduroy RoadCrocodile CrackingCrushed StoneDiamond Grinding Of PavementDirt RoadFull Depth RecyclingGlassphaltGravel RoadIce RoadMacadamPavement MillingPermeable PavingPlank RoadRubberized AsphaltSealcoatSett (paving)Stamped AsphaltTarmacRoad TextureAquaplaningBlack IceBleeding (roads)CrosswindDead Man's CurveExpansion JointFogFord (crossing)Hairpin TurnLevel CrossingManhole CoverOil SpillOversize LoadPotholeRoad DebrisRoad SlipperinessRoad TrainRoadkillRockfallRut (roads)Speed BumpStorm DrainWashboardingWashout (erosion)Whiteout (weather)TrafficBarrier Transfer MachineBicycle LaneClimbing LaneComplete StreetsContraflow LaneContraflow Lane ReversalHigh-occupancy Toll LaneHigh-occupancy Vehicle LaneLaneLiving StreetManaged LaneMedian StripMotorcycle LanePassing LanePedestrian CrossingPedestrian ZoneRefuge IslandReversible LaneRoad DietRoad VergeRunaway Truck RampShared SpaceSidewalkShoulder (road)Street RunningTraffic CalmingRight- And Left-hand TrafficTraffic IslandTraffic LanesTraffic Signal PreemptionUnused HighwayWide Outside LaneWoonerfBollardBotts' DotsCable BarrierCat's Eye (road)Concrete Step BarrierConstant-slope BarrierCurbF-Shape BarrierGuard RailJersey BarrierKassel KerbNoise BarrierRaised Pavement MarkerRoad Surface MarkingRumble StripTraffic BarrierTraffic ConeBridgeCausewayOverpassTunnelGlossary Of Road Transport TermsList Of Road Types By FeaturesHelp:CategoryCategory:Road TransportCategory:Types Of RoadsCategory:Pages With GraphsDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link