Contents 1 History in Southern California 1.1 Hotel 2 Legacy 3 See also 4 Footnotes 5 References 6 External links

History in Southern California[edit] Born in Oneonta, New York, Henry Huntington was the nephew of Collis P. Huntington, one of The Big Four, the men instrumental in creating the Central Pacific Railroad (later called Southern Pacific), one of the two railroads that built the transcontinental railway in 1869. Henry Huntington held several executive positions working alongside his uncle with the Southern Pacific. After Collis Huntington's death, Henry Huntington assumed Collis Huntington's leadership role with Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company in Virginia, and married his widow Arabella Huntington. His divorce from his first wife, Mary Alice Prentice, birth sister of his Uncle Collis' adopted daughter, in 1910 and marriage to Arabella in 1913 after Mary Alice's death shocked San Francisco society.[2] He had four children with Mary Alice (Howard Edward, Clara Leonora, Elizabeth Vincent, and Marian Prentice), but none with Arabella. Arabella's son Archer, from her prior marriage from which she was widowed, had earlier been adopted by Collis Huntington. In 1898, in friendly competition with his uncle's Southern Pacific, Huntington bought the narrow gauge, city oriented Los Angeles Railway (LARy), known colloquially as the 'Yellow Car' system. In 1901, Huntington formed the sprawling interurban, standard gauge Pacific Electric Railway (the PE), known as the 'Red Car' system, centered at 6th and Main Streets in Los Angeles. Huntington succeeded in this competition by providing passenger friendly streetcars on 24/7 schedules, which the railroads couldn't match. This was facilitated by the boom in Southern California land development, where houses were built in places such as Orange County's Huntington Beach, a Huntington-sponsored development, and streetcars served passenger needs that the railroads had never considered. Connectivity to Downtown Los Angeles made such suburbs feasible. By 1910, the Huntington trolley systems stretched over approximately 1,300 miles (2,100 km) of southern California.[3] At its most robust size, the system contained over 20 streetcar lines and 1,250 trolleys, most running through the core of Los Angeles and serving such nearby neighborhoods as the Crenshaw district, West Adams, Echo Park, Westlake, Hancock Park, Exposition Park, Vernon, Boyle Heights and Lincoln Heights; The system integrated the 1902 acquisition, the Mount Lowe Scenic Railway above Altadena, California in the San Gabriel Mountains.[4] In 1905 Huntington, A. Kingsley Macomber, and William R. Staats developed the Oak Knoll subdivision, located to the west of his San Marino estate in the oak-covered hilly terrain near Pasadena. The Huntington Mansion, 1915; now the centerpiece of the Huntington Library. In 1906 Huntington, along with Frank Miller, owner of the Mission Inn, and Charles M. Loring, formed the Huntington Park Association, with the intent to purchase Mount Rubidoux in Riverside, build a road to the summit, and develop the hill as a park to benefit the city of Riverside.[5] The road was completed in February 1907.[6] The property was later donated to the city of Riverside by the heirs of Frank Miller, and today the hill is a 161-acre (0.65 km2; 0.252 sq mi) city park. Huntington was a Life Member of the Sons of the Revolution in the State of California.[7] Huntington retired from active business in 1916. In 1927 Henry E. Huntington died in Philadelphia while undergoing surgery. He and Arabella are buried, with a large monument, in the Gardens of the Huntington Library in San Marino, California.[8] Hotel[edit] Main article: Hotel Wentworth (Pasadena) The Huntington Hotel was originally named Hotel Wentworth when it opened its doors on February 1, 1907. Financial problems and a disappointing first season forced the Hotel Wentworth to close its doors indefinitely. Henry Huntington purchased the Hotel Wentworth in 1911, renaming it the Huntington Hotel. It reopened in 1914, transformed into a beautiful winter resort. The 1920s were a prosperous time for the hotel, as Midwestern and Eastern entrepreneurs discovered California's warm winter climate. The hotel's reputation for fine service began with long-time general manager and later owner Stephen W. Royce. By 1926, the hotel's success prompted Royce to open the property year-round. The "golden years" ended with the stock market crash and the Great Depression of the late 1920s and early 1930s. However, by the end of the 1930s the hotel was back on solid ground. When World War II began, all reservations were cancelled and the hotel was rented to the Army for $3,000 a month. Following the war, the Huntington's fortunes turned upward once again. In 1954 Stephen Royce sold the hotel to the Sheraton Corporation, remaining as the general manager until his retirement in 1969. The hotel continued operating until 1985, when it was forced to close because of its inability to meet earthquake standards. The unusual structure had been completely built of un-reinforced concrete in 1906. After a two-and-a-half year major renovation, the hotel reopened in March 1991 as the Ritz Carlton Huntington Hotel and Spa. The hotel completed a $19 million renovation in January 2006; it changed hands in early 2007 and became Langham Brand International, Huntington Hotel & Spa.

Legacy[edit] See also: Huntington Library Huntington left a prominent legacy with the Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens on his former estate in San Marino near Pasadena. Other legacies in California includes the cities Huntington Beach and Huntington Park, as well as Huntington Lake. Also in greater Los Angeles are the Huntington Hospital in Pasadena, Henry E. Huntington Middle School in San Marino, and the grand boulevard, Huntington Drive, running eastbound from downtown Los Angeles. Its landscaped central parkway was previously the right-of-way for the Northern Division of the Pacific Electric. Postcard of sightseers, circa 1910, driving up Mount Rubidoux in Riverside, California via Huntington Drive. Riverside's city park on Mount Rubidoux was originally named Huntington Park, and the road to the top was named Huntington Drive.[9] After Frank Miller's heirs donated the property to the city, the city renamed the park the Frank A. Miller Rubidoux Memorial Park, and the road has become known as Mount Rubidoux Drive. A plaque that was dedicated to Huntington in 1907, in recognition of his contributions to the development of Mount Rubidoux, remains on a large boulder known as Huntington Rock.[10] After Huntington's death a second tablet was placed on the north side of the hill at a place named the Huntington Shrine.[11] His legacy on the East Coast includes: the Huntington Park on the James River in Newport News, Virginia at one end of the James River Bridge, community landmark named in his honor; and the Huntington Memorial Library in Oneonta, New York,[12] As well as a portrait by Oswald Birley at the Huntington Library portraits of Huntington were also painted by the Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury who built a studio less than a mile from Huntington's estate in San Marino in 1924-25: a full-length, based on a photograph, is at the Collis Potter & Howard Edwards Huntington Memorial Hospital in Pasadena, and two seated versions, a small one of which was acquired by Huntington's son-in-law John Metcalf, and a larger one (which is presumed lost) which was engraved by an artist called Witherspoon in 1928. The artist also painted Huntington's granddaughter Mary Brockway Metcalf (and this is on long-term loan to the offices of the Director of the Huntington Library and Art Gallery).

See also[edit] 1919 Streetcar Strike of Los Angeles Pacific Electric Railway strike of 1903

Footnotes[edit] ^ Portrait of Henry E. Huntington, ca.1900. University of Southern California, USC Digital Library. Retrieved 2010-05-30. ^ ^ Friedricks. ^ Henry E. Huntington, The Electronic Railway Historical Association of Southern California. Retrieved 2010-05-30. ^ Gale, pages 155-156. ^ Hutchings, page 11 (unnumbered). ^ Breithaupt, page 369. ^ Henry E. Huntington at Find a Grave ^ Brown, page 478. ^ Hutchings, page 12 (unnumbered). ^ Wenzel, Anecdotes ..., page 130. ^ Huntington Memorial Library (2006). "Library Information: History". Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-04-08. 

References[edit] Breithaupt, Jr., Richard Hoag, 1994, Sons of the Revolution in the State of California. Centennial Register 1893-1993, Walika Publishing Company, ISBN 1-886085-00-5 Brown, John; Boyd, James (1922). History of San Bernardino and Riverside Counties. Madison, Wis.: Western Historical Association. OCLC 8019575.  Dickinson, Donald C., 1995,Henry E. Huntington's Library of Libraries, Huntington Library Press,ISBN 978-0-87328-153-9 Friedricks, William B. (1992). Henry E. Huntington and the Creation of Southern California. Ohio State University. ISBN 978-0-8142-0553-2. OCLC 23900900.  Gale, Zona. Frank Miller of the Mission Inn, New York, D. Appleton-Century Company, 1938. Hutchings, DeWitt V. The Story of Mount Rubidoux, Riverside, California. Thorpe, James, 1994, Henry Edwards Huntington, A Biography, University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-08254-0 Wenzel, Glenn. Anecdotes on Mount Rubidoux and Frank A. Miller, Her Promoter, Glenn E. Wenzel, 2010. ISBN 978-1-4507-0502-8

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Henry Edwards Huntington. Works by or about Henry E. Huntington at Internet Archive Find A Grave, Henry Edwards Huntington Find A Grave, Arabelle Huntington Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 57417080 LCCN: n79142584 ISNI: 0000 0000 5539 1716 GND: 119081717 SUDOC: 027799530 BNF: cb11976403w (data) RKD: 469628 SNAC: w63f506t Retrieved from "" Categories: American art collectorsAmerican book and manuscript collectorsAmerican philanthropistsAmerican railroad executives of the 20th centuryAmerican railway entrepreneursBibliophilesMuseum foundersPeople from Oneonta, New YorkPeople from the San Gabriel ValleyPhilanthropists from CaliforniaHistory of Riverside, CaliforniaPeople from San Marino, California1850 births1927 deathsPacific Electric RailwayPeople associated with the Huntington LibraryHidden categories: Find a Grave template with ID same as WikidataArticles with hCardsArticles with Internet Archive linksWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

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Oneonta, New YorkPhiladelphiaHuntington LibrarySan Marino, CaliforniaArabella HuntingtonHuntington FamilyRailroadMagnateLos AngelesPacific Electric RailwayOneonta, New YorkCollis P. HuntingtonThe Big Four (Central Pacific Railroad)Central Pacific RailroadSouthern PacificSouthern Pacific Transportation CompanyLeadershipNewport News Shipbuilding And Drydock CompanyVirginiaArabella HuntingtonLos Angeles RailwayPacific Electric RailwayHuntington BeachCrenshaw, Los AngelesWest Adams, Los Angeles, CaliforniaEcho Park, Los Angeles, CaliforniaWestlake, Los Angeles, CaliforniaHancock Park, Los Angeles, CaliforniaExposition Park (Los Angeles)Vernon, CaliforniaBoyle Heights, Los Angeles, CaliforniaLincoln Heights, Los Angeles, CaliforniaMount Lowe RailwayAltadena, CaliforniaSan Gabriel MountainsA. Kingsley MacomberOak Knoll, Pasadena, CaliforniaSan Marino, CaliforniaPasadena, CaliforniaEnlargeFrank Augustus MillerThe Mission Inn Hotel & SpaCharles M. LoringMount RubidouxRiverside, CaliforniaSons Of The RevolutionPhiladelphiaHuntington LibraryHotel Wentworth (Pasadena)Huntington LibraryThe Huntington LibrarySan Marino, CaliforniaHuntington Beach, CaliforniaHuntington Park, CaliforniaHuntington LakeLos Angeles BasinHuntington HospitalPasadena, CaliforniaHenry E. Huntington Middle SchoolSan Marino, CaliforniaEnlargeMount RubidouxRiverside, CaliforniaRiverside, CaliforniaMount RubidouxHuntington Park (Newport News, Virginia)James River (Virginia)Newport News, VirginiaJames River BridgeOneonta, New YorkOswald BirleyHuntington LibraryAdolfo Müller-Ury1919 Streetcar Strike Of Los AngelesPacific Electric Railway Strike Of 1903Find A GraveInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-886085-00-5OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-87328-153-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8142-0553-2OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-08254-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-4507-0502-8Internet ArchiveHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceNetherlands Institute For Art HistorySNACHelp:CategoryCategory:American Art CollectorsCategory:American Book And Manuscript CollectorsCategory:American PhilanthropistsCategory:American Railroad Executives Of The 20th CenturyCategory:American Railway EntrepreneursCategory:BibliophilesCategory:Museum FoundersCategory:People From Oneonta, New YorkCategory:People From The San Gabriel ValleyCategory:Philanthropists From CaliforniaCategory:History Of Riverside, CaliforniaCategory:People From San Marino, CaliforniaCategory:1850 BirthsCategory:1927 DeathsCategory:Pacific Electric RailwayCategory:People Associated With The Huntington LibraryCategory:Find A Grave Template With ID Same As WikidataCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:Articles With Internet Archive LinksCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With RKDartists IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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